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outcome of induction of labor after one prior caesarean

Marta Jozwiak, Jodie M Dodd
BACKGROUND: Induction of labour is a common obstetric intervention, with between 20% and 30% of births reported to occur following induction of labour. Women with a prior caesarean delivery have an increased risk of uterine rupture, particularly when labour is induced. For women who have had a previous caesarean birth and who require induction of labour in a subsequent pregnancy, it is unclear which method of cervical ripening and labour induction is preferable. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms associated with different methods used to induce labour in women who have had a previous caesarean birth and require induction of labour in a subsequent pregnancy...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nils Chaillet, Emmanuel Bujold, Eric Dubé, William A Grobman
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with a previous Caesarean section face making the decision to undergo an elective repeat Caesarean section or to attempt a trial of labour with the goal of achieving a vaginal birth after Caesarean (VBAC). One of the key factors in counselling these women is the probability of a successful VBAC. We aimed to validate a prediction model for VBAC success. METHODS: We performed an analysis of women at term with one prior low-transverse Caesarean section and a live cephalic singleton pregnancy who attempted a trial of labour after Caesarean (TOLAC) at 32 hospitals in Quebec between 2008 and 2012...
February 2013: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Aliya Islam, Ambreen Ehsan, Saadia Arif, Javeria Murtaza, Ayesha Hanif
AIMS: To analyze the outcome of trial of scar in patients with previous caesarean section and to assess the fetal and maternal complications after trial of scar. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted at Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, with 375 pregnant patients who had a previous delivery by caesarean and who had regular antenatal checkup. Data were recorded on special pro-forms designed for the purpose. RESULTS: The results from the 375 patients who had one previous lower segment caesarean section due to non-recurrent causes were analyzed and compared with national and international studies...
April 2011: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Biodun Nelson Olagbuji, Friday Okonofua, Adedapo Babatunde Ande
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of induction of labor, specifically incidence of uterine rupture and reliable predictors of repeat caesarean delivery, in women undergoing induction of labor after previous caesarean section. METHODS: A review of obstetric and perinatal records of 167 women who had their labor induced after one transverse lower uterine incision performed at previous caesarean delivery in a referral tertiary hospital in Nigeria between January 2006 and December 2009...
October 2012: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
G A Dekker, A Chan, C G Luke, K Priest, M Riley, J Halliday, J F King, V Gee, M O'Neill, M Snell, V Cull, S Cornes
OBJECTIVE:   Higher risks of uterine rupture have been reported among women attempting vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) particularly following induction with prostaglandins, compared with women who do not labour. This study aimed to estimate these risks as well as that associated with oxytocin use. DESIGN:   Population-based retrospective cohort study involving all women who had their first births by caesarean. In their second birth, risks of uterine rupture among women without labour and women who had labour augmented or induced were compared with women who gave birth after spontaneous labour...
October 2010: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Jagruti B Tripathi, Haresh U Doshi, Parul J Kotdawala
A study was carried out among 81 women with previous one caesarean section (CS) done for non-recurrent indications to confirm the efficacy and safety of trial of labour (TOL) and to examine the effect of various factors on the mode of delivery. Singleton term pregnancy, vertex presentation and adequate pelvic capacity were the pre-requisites for case selection. Careful monitoring was done during labour and effect of various factors on the outcome was analysed statistically. Success rate of TOL was 73%. A non-recurrent indication for previous CS, such as malpresentation and foetal distress is associated with higher success rate of vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) compared to recurrent indications, such as cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) and failure to progress (FTP)...
March 2006: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
Jodie Dodd, Caroline A Crowther
AIMS: Women with a single prior Caesarean section (CS) in a subsequent pregnancy will be offered either a planned elective repeat CS or vaginal birth after Caesarean (VBAC). Recent reports of VBAC have highlighted risks of increased morbidity, including uterine rupture, and adverse infant outcome. A survey of practice was sent to fellows and members of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists to determine current care for women in a subsequent pregnancy with a single prior CS, and to assess variations by length and type of obstetric practice...
June 2003: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
L Ladfors, L A Mattsson, M Eriksson, O Fall
OBJECTIVE: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcome between two different expectant managements in women with prelabour rupture of the membranes (PROM). DESIGN: A randomised study. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand three hundred and eighty-five women with rupture of the membranes at 34 to 42 weeks without contractions. INTERVENTIONS: Women without contractions 2 h after admission were randomised to early induction the following morning after PROM (early induction group) or induction two days later (late induction group)...
August 1996: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
C Lelaidier, C Baton, J L Benifla, H Fernandez, P Bourget, R Frydman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of mifepristone in women undergoing induction of labour at term after previous caesarean section. DESIGN: A prospective double blind placebo controlled trial. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two women at term (after 37.5 weeks' amenorrhea) who had had a previous caesarean delivery with a low transverse uterine incision. All women had a clear clinical indication for induction of labour with unfavourable cervical conditions (Bishop's score < 4)...
June 1994: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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