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Hisato Nakajima, Kouya Yano, Kaoko Nagasawa, Eiji Kobayashi, Kuninobu Yokota
OBJECTIVES: The target was 1,283 hospitals in group III of medical institutions. Using the Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) data and the inpatient ratio according to the major diagnosis category (MDC), group III hospitals were clarified on the basis of the Mahalanobis distance (D(2)) calculated using the Mahalanobis·Taguchi (MT) method. METHODS: About 50 hospitals with the top inpatient ratio in each MDC and 1,233 other hospitals. The following were examined...
2016: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Makiko Naito, Sayaka Aoki, Anri Kamide, Kohei Miyamura, Manami Honda, Akira Nagai, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Keiji Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS), who are likely to suffer from a large number of musculoskeletal problems, tend to have a unique pattern of walking in clinical settings. Despite such apparent uniqueness, few studies have empirically investigated gait development pattern in DS children, especially at an earlier age. We therefore conducted gait analysis in young DS children who are prescribed insoles, to explore how their gait patterns develop, using the gait parameters identified by Sutherland et al...
October 2015: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Michael Lavagnino, Michelle E Wall, Dianne Little, Albert J Banes, Farshid Guilak, Steven P Arnoczky
Tendons mainly function as load-bearing tissues in the muscloskeletal system; transmitting loads from muscle to bone. Tendons are dynamic structures that respond to the magnitude, direction, frequency, and duration of physiologic as well as pathologic mechanical loads via complex interactions between cellular pathways and the highly specialized extracellular matrix. This paper reviews the evolution and current knowledge of mechanobiology in tendon development, homeostasis, disease, and repair. In addition, we review several novel mechanotransduction pathways that have been identified recently in other tissues and cell types, providing potential research opportunities in the field of tendon mechanobiology...
June 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Zuzanna Szubert
BACKGROUND: The aim of the analysis was to determine the magnitude and causes of the sickness-related temporary incapacity for work in Poland, and to identify changes in sickness absence and its differences by the type of economic activity and region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This analysis is based on the 2006-2012 data on sickness absence compiled from medical certificates of temporary incapacity for work and published by the Social Insurance Institution (Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych)...
2014: Medycyna Pracy
Neil Martin, Petra Krol, Sally Smith, Kevin Murray, Clarissa A Pilkington, Joyce E Davidson, Lucy R Wedderburn
OBJECTIVES: The paediatric idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are a group of rare chronic inflammatory disorders of childhood, affecting muscle, skin and other organs. There is a severe lack of evidence base for current treatment protocols in juvenile myositis. The rarity of these conditions means that multicentre collaboration is vital to facilitate studies of pathogenesis, treatment and disease outcomes. We have established a national registry and repository for childhood IIM, which aims to improve knowledge, facilitate research and clinical trials, and ultimately to improve outcomes for these patients...
January 2011: Rheumatology
M A Edgar
The anatomical studies, basic to our understanding of lumbar spine innervation through the sinu-vertebral nerves, are reviewed. Research in the 1980s suggested that pain sensation was conducted in part via the sympathetic system. These sensory pathways have now been clarified using sophisticated experimental and histochemical techniques confirming a dual pattern. One route enters the adjacent dorsal root segmentally, whereas the other supply is non-segmental ascending through the paravertebral sympathetic chain with re-entry through the thoracolumbar white rami communicantes...
September 2007: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
S Wilsher, W R Allen, J L N Wood
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: The low productivity associated with training and racing of young Thoroughbreds (TBs) in the UK due to athletic inability, injury and disease requires further study. OBJECTIVES: To identify the time points and causes of losses during growth and training phases of a cohort of 1022 TB foals born in 1999 up to the end of their third year. METHODS: Movement and fate of 1022 Thoroughbred foals conceived in 1998 and born live in 1999 were monitored from birth to age 3 years...
March 2006: Equine Veterinary Journal
S Horie, I Ito, Y Araki, A Ohgami, J Hatanaka, Y Fujita, K Shino, S Kikuchi
This survey of 84 companies described the present status of occupational health management of VDT workers in Japan, in relation to the official Guideline (Guidelines on Occupational Health for VDT Work, 1985). The majority admitted 80% or more of their workers engage in VDT works. Four hours of VDT work per day was widely used as a criteria for the eligibility to the VDT health examination. Some specific measurement was performed at health examination among 54.8% of the companies. The most popular item was "near vision...
December 1, 2001: Journal of UOEH
Y Matsumoto
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is recognizable syndrome characterized by chronic, diffuse pain, an absence of inflammatory or structural muscloskeletal abnormalities, and a range of symptoms that include fatigue, and sleep and mood disturbances. Physical examination and laboratory testing are unrevealing, except for the presence of pain on palpation of characteristic soft-tissue sites, the tender points. Despite the recognition of FMS by the World Health Organization, it remains a controversial condition and its existence as a distinct entity remains uncertain...
February 1999: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
O Ia Suslova, N A Naumenko, V B Levitskii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1990: Ortopediia Travmatologiia i Protezirovanie
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