keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Birth injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456649/protective-effect-of-miconazole-on-rat-myelin-sheaths-following-premature-infant-cerebral-white-matter-injury
#1
Xuewen Su, Wenyan Tang, Zuo Luan, Yinxiang Yang, Zhaoyan Wang, Yu Zhang, Qian Wang, Lei Suo, Zhen Huang, Xiue Wang, Haifeng Yuan
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of miconazole on myelin sheaths following cerebral white matter damage (WMD) in premature infant rats. Sprague Dawley rats (3-days-old) were randomly divided into four groups (n=30 each) as follows: Sham surgery group, WMD model group, 10 mg/kg/day treatment group and 40 mg/kg/day treatment group. A cerebral white matter lesion model was created by ligating the right common carotid artery for 80 min. Treatment groups were administered with 10 or 40 mg/kg miconazole at 4-8 days following birth (early treatment group) or 5-11 days following birth (late treatment group)...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455117/road-traffic-accidents-in-scottish-military-veterans
#2
Beverly P Bergman, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell
Road traffic accidents (RTA) are recognised to be an important cause of death and injury in serving military personnel but little is known about the risk in veterans. We used data from the Scottish Veterans Health Study to examine the risk of RTA in a large national cohort of veterans, in comparison with people who had never served. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 57,000 veterans and 173,000 non-veterans, followed up for up to 30 years, using survival analysis to compare risk of RTA injury. Subgroup analysis was used to explore trends by birth cohort and length of service...
February 15, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454756/outcomes-after-acute-symptomatic-seizures-in-neonates
#3
REVIEW
Hannah C Glass, Zachary M Grinspan, Renée A Shellhaas
Acute symptomatic seizures are a common sign of neurological dysfunction and brain injury in neonates and occur in approximately one to three per 1000 live births. Seizures in neonates are usually a sign of underlying brain injury and, as such, are commonly associated with adverse outcomes. Neurological morbidities in survivors often co-occur; epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and intellectual disability often occur together in the most severely affected children. Risk factors for adverse outcome include prematurity, low Apgar scores, low pH on the first day of life, seizure onset <24 or >72 h after birth, abnormal neonatal neurological examination, abnormal neonatal electroencephalographic background, status epilepticus, and presence and pattern of brain injury (particularly deep gray or brainstem injury)...
February 6, 2018: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453924/the-world-health-organization-who-versus-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-group-iadpsg-diagnostic-criteria-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-their-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#4
Nurul Iftida Basri, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Shuhaila Ahmad, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Lim Pei Shan, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Nor Azlin Mohd Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of GDM using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in our population. We further compared the incidence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with GDM using these criteria and determined whether the IADPSG criteria is suitable in our population. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at our antenatal clinic involving 520 patients from 1st February 2015 until 30th September 2017...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453108/telomeres-and-telomerase-in-heart-regeneration
#5
REVIEW
Esther Aix, Alex Gallinat, Ignacio Flores
Although recent advances have overturned the old view of the human heart as an inert postmitotic organ, it is clear that the adult heart´s capacity to regenerate after an ischemic episode is very limited. Unlike humans, zebrafish and other lower vertebrates vigorously regenerate damaged myocardium after cardiac injury. Understanding how the zebrafish is able to conserve life-long cardiac regeneration capacity while mammals lose it soon after birth is crucial for the development of new treatments for myocardial infarction...
February 3, 2018: Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452371/a-bidirectional-association-between-cognitive-ability-in-young-adulthood-and-epilepsy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Merete Osler, Erik L Mortensen, Kaare Christensen, Gunhild T Christensen
Aim: To investigate the bidirectional association between cognitive ability in young adulthood and epilepsy. Methods: This cohort study included 1 159 076 men enrolled in the mandatory conscription board examination from the Danish Conscription Database (DCD; 658 465 men examined 1957-84), the Danish Defence Personnel Organization Database (DPOD; 216 509 men examined 1987-2005) and the Danish Conscription Registry (DCR; 284 102 men examined 2006-15). A supplementary analysis included 14 814 female volunteers...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448121/neonatal-distal-femoral-physeal-injury-secondary-to-mechanical-trauma-of-birth-a-case-report
#7
Arie Franco, Apeksha Chaturvedi
Physeal injuries occurring secondary to neonatal birth-related trauma are rare entities. Most reported cases of physeal injury involve the distal humerus with only a few published case reports of proximal femoral involvement. So far, we have found only one reported case of neonatal distal femoral epiphysiolysis following Caesarean section. We hereby report a unique case of distal femoral physeal injury with at least partial epiphyseal separation following an uneventful, spontaneous vaginal delivery. Given the uneventful delivery and no known prenatal risk factors, the imaging findings were initially not recognized as being secondary to birth-related injury...
February 7, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445487/neonatal-subcortical-bruising
#8
Gwenda Delanghe, Waney Squier, Michel Sonnaert, Jeroen Dudink, Maarten Lequin, Paul Govaert
A specific type of acute brain injury can occur during birth, presenting on ultrasound examination with focal, unilateral, or asymmetrical change in the core of the superior frontal gyri. Ultrasound inspection of the superior gyri near the convexity of the frontal lobe is warranted following mechanically difficult delivery.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445469/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-in-a-term-neonate-case-report
#9
Gustavo Rocha, Hercília Guimarães
Pneumomediastinum after birth, without birth injury or resuscitation maneuvers, is an unusual situation that can present with grunting, deafening of cardiac sounds, and bulging of the hemithorax. If clinical condition allows, conservative approach is advised even if the pneumomediastinum does not spontaneously resolve in 1 or 2 days.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439367/snrpn-controls-the-ability-of-neurons-to-regenerate-axons
#10
Sonja Mertsch, Katrin Schlicht, Harutyun Melkonyan, Stefan Schlatt, Solon Thanos
BACKGROUND: Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) of mammals lose the ability to regenerate injured axons during postnatal maturation, but little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: It remains of particular importance to understand the mechanisms of axonal regeneration to develop new therapeutic approaches for nerve injuries. METHODS: Retinas from newborn to adult monkeys (Callithrix jacchus)1 were obtained immediately after death and cultured in vitro...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438258/contribution-of-resident-and-recruited-macrophages-in-vascular-physiology-and-pathology
#11
Li Zhang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Macrophages are generally believed to originate entirely from the bone marrow; however, this paradigm is challenged by the discovery of yolk-sac-derived resident macrophages. Here, we provide an overview of recent advances in the ontogeny and function of resident macrophages. RECENT FINDINGS: Macrophage precursors from three distinct embryonic sources (yolk sac, fetal liver and bone marrow) are found to colonize various tissues via the blood circulation early during embryogenesis until shortly after birth...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434084/comprehensive-assessment-of-risk-factors-of-cause-specific-infant-deaths-in-japan
#12
Yui Yamaoka, Naho Morisaki, Haruko Noguchi, Hideto Takahashi, Nanako Tamiya
BACKGROUND: Public attention is given to infants with socially high risks of child abuse and neglect, while clinical attention is provided to infants with a biologically high risk of diseases. However, few studies have systematically evaluated how biological or social factors cross over and affect cause-specific infant mortality. METHODS: We linked birth data with death data from the Japanese national vital statistics database for all infants born from 2003-2010...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432836/quercetin-attenuates-the-hyperoxic-lung-injury-in-neonatal-mice-implications-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-bpd
#13
Paramahamsa Maturu, Yanhong Wei-Liang, Vasilis P Androutsopoulos, Weiwu Jiang, Lihua Wang, Aristides M Tsatsakis, Xanthi I Couroucli
Quercetin (QU) is one of the most common flavonoids that are present in a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, and beverages. This compound possesses potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Supplemental oxygen is routinely administered to premature infants with pulmonary insufficiency. However, hyperoxia is one of the major risk factors for the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), which is also termed chronic lung disease in premature infants. Currently, no preventive approaches have been reported against BPD...
February 9, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432755/pelvic-muscles-mechanical-response-to-strains-in-the-absence-and-presence-of-pregnancy-induced-adaptations-in-a-rat-model
#14
Tatiana Catanzarite, Shannon Bremner, Caitlin L Barlow, Laura Bou-Malham, Shawn O'Connor, Marianna Alperin
BACKGROUND: Maternal birth trauma to the pelvic floor muscles is thought to be consequent to mechanical demands placed on these muscles during fetal delivery that exceed muscle physiological limits. The above is consistent with studies of striated limb muscles that identify hyperelongation of sarcomeres, the functional muscle units, as the primary cause of mechanical muscle injury and resultant muscle dysfunction. However, pelvic floor muscles' mechanical response to strains have not been examined at a tissue level...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432217/prematurity-and-future-kidney-health-the-growing-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Michelle C Starr, Sangeeta R Hingorani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe the role prematurity plays in the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to discuss potential reasons for this association including decreased nephron mass, as well as postnatal insults such as neonatal acute kidney injury (nAKI). RECENT FINDINGS: New observational studies in humans and experimental studies in animal models have strengthened the association between prematurity, low birth weight and CKD...
February 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431872/interventions-to-prevent-hypothermia-at-birth-in-preterm-and-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#16
REVIEW
Emma M McCall, Fiona Alderdice, Henry L Halliday, Sunita Vohra, Linda Johnston
BACKGROUND: Newborn admission temperature is a strong predictor of outcomes across all gestations. Hypothermia immediately after birth remains a worldwide issue and, if prolonged, is associated with harm. Keeping preterm infants warm is difficult even when recommended routine thermal care guidelines are followed in the delivery room. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of interventions designed for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and/or low birth weight infants applied within 10 minutes after birth in the delivery room, compared with routine thermal care or any other single/combination of intervention(s) also designed for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and/or low birth weight infants applied within 10 minutes after birth in the delivery room...
February 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429468/-research-advances-in-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-neonates
#17
Xin Gan, Juan Li
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a catastrophic disease caused by a variety of factors in neonates, especially preterm infants. Severe NEC has a high fatality rate, and most survivors may face short- and long-term adverse prognosis. Risk factors for NEC include preterm birth, non-breastfeeding, microbial abnormalities in the digestive tract, and ischemia-reperfusion injury. High-resolution abdominal ultrasound helps with the early diagnosis of NEC. The preventive measures for NEC include protecting the intestinal mucosa through nutritional intervention, interfering with intestinal injury signals, changing intestinal microflora, and performing early minimal enteral nutrition...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421066/complications-in-surgery-for-brachial-plexus-birth-injury-avoidance-and-treatment
#18
REVIEW
John A I Grossman, Andrew Price, Harvey Chim
Brachial plexus birth injuries are rare, with treatment and follow-up often required from infancy until skeletal maturity. We review complications that may occur related to primary nerve surgery or secondary musculoskeletal procedures, and discuss how these may be avoided.
February 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420701/cerebellar-functional-connectivity-in-term-and-very-preterm-born-infants
#19
Charlotte S Herzmann, Abraham Z Snyder, Jeanette K Kenley, Cynthia E Rogers, Joshua S Shimony, Christopher D Smyser
Cortical resting state networks have been consistently identified in infants using resting state-functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Comparable studies in adults have demonstrated cerebellar components of well-established cerebral networks. However, there has been limited investigation of early cerebellar functional connectivity. We acquired non-sedated rs-fMRI data in the first week of life in 57 healthy, term-born infants and at term-equivalent postmenstrual age in 20 very preterm infants (mean birth gestational age 27 ± 2 weeks) without significant cerebral or cerebellar injury...
February 6, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415634/too-long-to-wait-obstetric-fistula-and-the-sociopolitical-dynamics-of-the-fourth-delay-in-soroti-uganda
#20
Bonnie Ruder, Melissa Cheyney, Alice Aturo Emasu
Uganda has one of the highest obstetric fistula rates in the world with approximately 200,000 women currently suffering. Surgical closure successfully treats fistula in the majority of cases, yet there is a severe shortage of facilities and trained surgeons in low-resource countries. The purpose of this study was to examine Ugandan women's experiences of obstetric fistula with the aim of adding narrative depth to the clinical literature on this devastating birth injury. Data were collected through semistructured interviews, focus groups, and participant observation...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
keyword
keyword
45418
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"