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Wei Qiu, Biao Ren, Huanqin Dai, Lixin Zhang, Qiong Zhang, Xuedong Zhou, Yuqing Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the inhibitory effect of eight antifungal drugs on S. mutans growth, biofilm formation and virulence factors. METHODS: The actions of antifungal drugs on S. mutans were determined by recovery plates and survival kinetic curves. Biofilms were observed by scanning electron microscopy and the viable cells were recovered on BHI plates, meanwhile biofilms were stained by BacLight live/dead kit to investigate the biofilm viability...
October 13, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Ritesh Kumar, Syed Saeed Ahmed, Gulam Sarwar Hashmi, Md Kalim Ansari, Sajjad Abdur Rahman
AIM: The present study was planned to investigate the etiology of injuries and to analyze correlation between clinical and radiological findings in cases of craniomaxillofacial trauma. STUDY DESIGN: An 18 months cross-sectional study was done and 325 patients with maxillofacial fractures were analyzed from January 2013 to June 2014 who reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Data was recorded in a preformed case sheet which included: patient's demographic data, cause of injury, type of injury, treatment plan...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Liangfa Hu, Morgan O'Neil, Veysel Erturun, Rogelio Benitez, Gwénaëlle Proust, Ibrahim Karaman, Miladin Radovic
The prospect of extending existing metal-ceramic composites to those with the compositions that are far from thermodynamic equilibrium is examined. A current and pressure-assisted, rapid infiltration is proposed to fabricate composites, consisting of reactive metallic and ceramic phases with controlled microstructure and tunable properties. An aluminum (Al) alloy/Ti2AlC composite is selected as an example of the far-from-equilibrium systems to fabricate, because Ti2AlC exists only in a narrow region of the Ti-Al-C phase diagram and readily reacts with Al...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kevin Cook, Geoffrey Balle, John Canning, Loïc Chartier, Tristan Athanaze, M A Hossain, Chunyang Han, Jade-Edouard Comatti, Yanhua Luo, Gang-Ding Peng
Optical fiber is drawn from a dual-head 3D printer fabricated preform made of two optically transparent plastics with a high-index core (NA∼0.25, V>60). The asymmetry observed in the fiber arises from asymmetry in the 3D printing process. The highly multimode optical fiber has losses measured by cut-back as low as α∼0.44  dB/cm in the near IR.
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Chilivery Ravi Kiran, Sangilimuthu Alagar, D Priya Darsini Teepica
BACKGROUND: The current study was performed to evaluate the anti-urolithiatic activity of Argemone mexicana L. leaves extracts. METHODS: In vitro experiments (nucleation, aggregation and microscopic assay's) were performed to test the anti-urolithiasis activity of A. mexicana extracted using the four different solvents i.e. petroleum ether, chloroform, methanol, and water. These extracts were tested at increasing concentrations of 25, 50, 75 and 100 mg/ml and compared with the standard drug cystone...
October 10, 2016: Current Clinical Pharmacology
Ahmed M Abdelhamid, Kenda I Hanno, Mohamed H Imam
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this prospective cross-over study is to evaluate the effect of bilateral balanced occlusion and canine guidance occlusion on the masseter muscle activity using implant-retained mandibular overdentures. METHODS: After evaluation of 12 completely edentulous patients using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), mucoperiosteal flaps were reflected exposing the mandibular interforaminal region. Two implants were placed in the interforaminal region for each of the 12 patients...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Maoulida Toueni, Cécile Ben, Aurélie Le Ru, Laurent Gentzbittel, Martina Rickauer
Resistance mechanisms to Verticillium wilt are well-studied in tomato, cotton, and Arabidopsis, but much less in legume plants. Because legume plants establish nitrogen-fixing symbioses in their roots, resistance to root-attacking pathogens merits particular attention. The interaction between the soil-borne pathogen Verticillium alfalfae and the model legume Medicago truncatula was investigated using a resistant (A17) and a susceptible (F83005.5) line. As shown by histological analyses, colonization by the pathogen was initiated similarly in both lines...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Mohammad Rehan Ajmal, Tajalli Ilm Chandel, Parvez Alam, Nida Zaidi, Masihuz Zaman, Saima Nusrat, Mohsin Vahid Khan, Mohammad Khursheed Siddiqi, Yasser E Shahein, Mohamed H Mahmoud, Gamal Badr, Rizwan Hasan Khan
Studying amyloid associated neurodegenerative diseases is an active area of research. Cure for these diseases are still to be discovered. In the present study we have performed comprehensive biophysical and computational experiments showing levodopa not only significantly inhibits heat induced fibrillization of human serum albumin but also disaggregates preformed fibrils. Thioflavin T (ThT) binding assay was used to monitor the fibrillation process of human serum albumin (HSA) at 65°C in the presence and absence of levodopa...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Luca Dello Strologo, Luisa Murer, Isabella Guzzo, Federica Morolli, Annalisa M V Pipicelli, Elisa Benetti, Germana Longo, Sara Testa, Andrea Ricci, Fabrizio Ginevri, Luciana Ghio, Massimo Cardillo, Antonina Piazza, Alessandro Nanni Costa
BACKGROUND: High levels of preformed anti-HLA antibodies dramatically diminish renal transplant outcomes. Most desensitization programmes guarantee good intermediate outcomes but quite disappointing long-term prognosis. The search for a fully compatible kidney increases time on the waiting list. METHODS: In February 2011, a nationwide hyperimmune programme (NHP) was begun in Italy: all available kidneys are primarily proposed to highly sensitized patients with a panel reactive antibody above 80%...
October 14, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Arnaud Del Bello, Marie Danjoux, Nicolas Congy-Jolivet, Laurence Lavayssière, Laure Esposito, Fabrice Muscari, Nassim Kamar
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Acute antibody-mediated rejection (aAMR) is an unusual complication after orthotopic ABO-compatible liver transplantation. To date, the clinical and histological long-term outcomes after aAMR are not well known. METHOD: Herein, we describe 9 cases of aAMR that occurred in our liver-transplant center between 2008 and 2016, with an initial and reevaluation liver biopsy available for reexamination. RESULTS: Two patients presented with aAMR at 10...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Behrad Gholipour, Paul Bastock, Long Cui, Christopher Craig, Khouler Khan, Daniel W Hewak, Cesare Soci
We present a high-throughput and scalable technique for the production of metal nanowires embedded in glass fibres by taking advantage of thin film properties and patterning techniques commonly used in planar microfabrication. This hybrid process enables the fabrication of single nanowires and nanowire arrays encased in a preform material within a single fibre draw, providing an alternative to costly and time-consuming iterative fibre drawing. This method allows the combination of materials with different thermal properties to create functional optoelectronic nanostructures...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yanpeng Mao, Qinyan Yue
Kinetics of phosphate removal by Fe(III) was investigated by both preformed and in situ formed hydrous ferric oxides (HFO) at pH 6.0-8.0. A pseudo-second-order empirical model was found to adequately describe phosphate removal in the two cases. The Elovich and intra-particle diffusion models, however, were only capable of describing phosphate adsorption to preformed HFO (PF-HFO). By using surface complexation kinetic models (SCKMs) to describe phosphate adsorption to PF-HFO, the adsorption rate constant (0...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Teodoro Jr Fajardo, Kinda AlShaikhahmed, Polly Roy
Viruses with segmented RNA genomes must package the correct number of segments for synthesis of infectious virus particles. Recent studies suggest that the members of the Reoviridae family with segmented double-stranded RNA genomes achieve this challenging task by forming RNA networks of segments prior to their recruitment into the assembling capsid albeit direct evidence is still lacking. Here, we investigated the capability of virus recovery by preformed complexes of ten RNA segments of Epizootic Haemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV), a Reoviridae member, by transcribing exact T7 cDNA copies of genomic RNA segments in a single in vitro reaction followed by transfection of mammalian cells...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Sean W Harshman, Nilan Mani, Brian A Geier, Jae Kwak, Phillip Shepard, Maomian Fan, Gregory L Sudberry, Ryan S Mayes, Darrin K Ott, Jennifer A Martin, Claude C Grigsby
Exhaled breath is coming to the forefront of non-invasive biomarker discovery efforts. Concentration of exhaled breath volatile organic compounds (VOCs) on thermal desorption (TD) tubes with subsequent analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has dominated this field. As discovery experimentation increases in frequency, the need to evaluate the long-term storage stability of exhaled breath VOCs on thermal desorption adsorbent material is critical. To address this gap, exhaled breath was loaded on Tenax TA thermal desorption tubes and stored at various temperature conditions...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
Casandra Hoffman, Joshua Eby, Mary Gray, F Heath Damron, Jeffrey Melvin, Peggy Cotter, Erik Hewlett
Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough, secretes and releases adenylate cyclase toxin (ACT), which is a protein bacterial toxin that targets host cells and disarms immune defenses. ACT binds filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), a surface-displayed adhesin, and until now, the consequences of this interaction were unknown. A B. bronchiseptica mutant lacking ACT produced more biofilm than the parental strain; leading Irie et al. to propose the ACT-FHA interaction could be responsible for biofilm inhibition...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
Faidad Khan, Xueqing Wu, Gideon L Matzkin, Mohsin A Khan, Fuminori Sakai, Jorge E Vidal
Staphylococcus aureus (Sau) strains are a main cause of disease, including nosocomial infections which have been linked to the production of biofilms and the propagation of antibiotic resistance strains such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). A previous study found that Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) strains kill planktonic cultures of Sau strains. In this work, we have further evaluated in detail the eradication of Sau biofilms and investigated ultrastructural interactions of the biofilmicidal effect...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Giuseppe Tarantini, Francesco Saia, Piera Capranzano, Bernardo Cortese, Marco Mojoli, Giacomo Boccuzzi, Andrea Cuculo, Salvatore Geraci, Alessio Mattesini, Jacopo Oreglia, Francesco Summaria, Luca Testa, Sergio Berti, Giovanni Esposito, Alessio La Manna, Ugo Limbruno, Alfredo Marchese, Ciro Mauro, Fabio Tarantino, Alessandro Salvi, Gennaro Santoro, Ferdinando Varbella, Roberto Violini, Giuseppe Musumeci
Drug-eluting stents (DES) are the current gold standard for percutaneous treatment of coronary artery disease. However, DES are associated with a non-negligible risk of long-term adverse events related to persistence of foreign material in the coronary artery wall. In addition, DES implantation causes permanent caging of the native vessel, thus impairing normal vasomotricity and the possibility of using non-invasive coronary imaging or preforming subsequent bypass surgery. On the contrary, coronary bioresorbable stents (BRS) may provide temporary mechanical support to coronary wall without compromising the subsequent recovery of normal vascular physiology, and have the potential to prevent late adverse events related to permanent elements...
October 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Se Hee Oh, Ha Na Kim, Hyun Jung Park, Jin Young Shin, Dong Yeol Kim, Phil Hyu Lee
: : Ample evidence has suggested that extracellular α-synuclein aggregates would play key roles in the pathogenesis and progression of Parkinsonian disorders (PDs). In the present study, we investigated whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and their derived soluble factors could exert neuroprotective effects via proteolysis of extracellular α-synuclein. When preformed α-synuclein aggregates were incubated with MSC-conditioned medium, α-synuclein aggregates were disassembled, and insoluble and oligomeric forms of α-synuclein were markedly decreased, thus leading to a significant increase in neuronal viability...
October 11, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Haroon Ur Rashid, Marco Antonio Utrera Martines, Juliana Jorge, Paula Martin de Moraes, Muhammad Naveed Umar, Kamin Khan, Hanif Ur Rehman
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive radiology technique used to examine the internal organs of human body. It is useful for the diagnosis of structural abnormalities in the body. Contrast agents are used to increase the sensitivity of this technique. 1,4,7,10-Tetraazacyclododecane (cyclen) is a macrocyclic tetraamine. Its derivatives act as useful ligands to produce stable complexes with Gd(3+) ion. Such chelates are investigated as MRI contrast agents. Free Gd(3+) ion is extremely toxic for in vivo use...
October 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Guixia Zhao, Guigao Liu, Hong Pang, Huimin Liu, Huabin Zhang, Kun Chang, Xianguang Meng, Xiaojun Wang, Jinhua Ye
A series of rod-like porous graphitic-carbon nitrides (short as CNs) with enhanced in-plane ordering have been fabricated through self-assembled heptazine hydrate precursors for the first time. By controlling the calcination of the preformed precursors with different temperature-rising rates, the resulted CNs (SAHEP-CNs-1) with the most ordered and least stacked graphitic planar are showing a tremendously improved hydrogen evolution rate of 420 μmol h(-1) under visible light and a remarkable apparent quantum efficiency of 8...
September 26, 2016: Small
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