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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514128/-treatment-for-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee
#1
REVIEW
Uriel Giwnewer, Guy Rubin, Hagay Orbach, Nimrod Rozen
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder in the world and its incidence is rising. In Western populations it is one of the most frequent causes of pain, loss of function and disability in adults. The estimated lifetime risk for knee osteoarthritis is approximately 40% in men and 47% in women. The diagnosis of osteoarthritis is complex due to a lack of specific physical and/or laboratorial findings. The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has recommended using the following criteria for the diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis: chronic knee pain (lasting for more than 6 weeks) and at least three of the following: • Age over 50 years old...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340944/snapping-knee-syndrome-caused-by-semitendinosus-and-semimembranosus-tendons-a-case-report
#2
Nikolaus von Dercks, Jan Dirk Theopold, Bastian Marquass, Christoph Josten, Pierre Hepp
We report the case of a 24-year-old female triathlon athlete with a snapping syndrome of both the distal semimembranosus and the semitendinosus tendon which has not been described so far. The semitendinosus tendon was harvested whereupon snapping has diminished. Tenoscopy and digital palpation showed the semimembranosus tendon to cause the snapping, as well. A careful step-by-step release of the anterior insertion of the tendon was performed with the result of a snapping-free range of motion of the patient's knee...
December 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268142/an-innovative-anchoring-technique-for-anterior-transfer-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon
#3
Po-Chih Shen, Shih-Hsiang Chou, Jian-Chih Chen, Shu-Jung Chen, Yin-Chun Tien
Favorable results have been reported for tibialis posterior tendon transfers, which can effectively restore the dorsiflexion of the ankle and normal heel-to-toe gait. However, the commonly used methods for anchoring the transplanted tendon have some drawbacks. Therefore, we developed a new tendon-anchoring method to improve fixation of the transferred tendon and reduce the related complications. The new method entails tying the anchoring suture to the navicular bone instead of the button on the plantar foot to avoid wound complications...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262355/the-importance-of-a-neck-exam-in-sport-related-concussion-cervical-schwannoma-in-post-concussion-syndrome
#4
David M Langelier, Kathryn J Schneider, John Hurlbert, Chantel T Debert
OBJECTIVE: Few cases of cervical schwannoma have been reported following head trauma. The present case, involves a schwannoma of the C2 spinal nerve mimicking post-concussion symptoms following a sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: University of Calgary, Sport Medicine Clinic, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. RESULTS: We report a 28 year old, athlete who developed headache, dizziness, photophobia, and neck pain following a cycling accident...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218455/experimental-evaluation-of-magnified-haptic-feedback-for-robot-assisted-needle-insertion-and-palpation
#5
Leonardo Meli, Claudio Pacchierotti, Domenico Prattichizzo
BACKGROUND: Haptic feedback has been proven to play a key role in enhancing the performance of teleoperated medical procedures. However, due to safety issues, commercially-available medical robots do not currently provide the clinician with haptic feedback. METHODS: This work presents the experimental evaluation of a teleoperation system for robot-assisted medical procedures able to provide magnified haptic feedback to the clinician. Forces registered at the operating table are magnified and provided to the clinician through a 7-DoF haptic interface...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217425/short-term-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-pain-free-range-of-motion-in-a-weightlifter-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#6
Joseph Paul Coviello, Rumit Singh Kakar, Timothy James Reynolds
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While there is limited evidence supporting the use of soft tissue mobilization techniques for Subacromial Pain Syndrome (SAPS), synonymous with subacromial impingement syndrome, previous studies have reported successful outcomes using soft tissue mobilization as a treatment technique. The purpose of this case report is to document the results of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) for the treatment of SAPS. CASE DESCRIPTION: Diagnosis was reached based on the subject's history, tenderness to palpation, and four out of five positive tests in the diagnostic cluster...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203602/hamstring-contracture-after-acl-reconstruction-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-cyclops-syndrome
#7
Francisco Guerra Pinto, Mathieu Thaunat, Matt Daggett, Charles Kajetanek, Tiago Marques, Tales Guimares, Bénédicte Quelard, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
BACKGROUND: Cyclops syndrome is characterized by loss of terminal knee extension due to proliferative fibrous nodule formation in the intercondylar notch. This complication occurs in the early postoperative period after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The pathogenesis of Cyclops syndrome is not well understood. HYPOTHESIS: Persistent hamstring contracture after ACLR is associated with an increased risk of subsequent Cyclops syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167164/experiences-of-intervertebral-motion-palpation-in-osteopathic-practice-a-qualitative-interview-study-among-swedish-osteopaths
#8
Niklas S Sposato, Kristofer Bjerså
BACKGROUND: Assessment in manual therapy includes quantitative and qualitative procedures, and intervertebral motion palpation (IMP) is one of the core assessment methods in osteopathic practice. The aim of this study was to explore osteopathic practitioners' experiences of clinical decision-making and IMP as a diagnostic tool for planning and evaluation of osteopathic interventions. METHOD: The study was conducted with semi-structured interviews that included eight informants...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144577/heterotopic-ossification-after-the-use-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-7
#9
Marianthi Papanagiotou, Zoe H Dailiana, Theophilos Karachalios, Sokratis Varitimidis, Michael Hantes, Georgios Dimakopoulos, Marianna Vlychou, Konstantinos N Malizos
AIM: To present the incidence of heterotopic ossification after the use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-7 (rhBMP-7) for the treatment of nonunions. METHODS: Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) promote bone formation by auto-induction. Recombinant human BMP-7 in combination with bone grafts was used in 84 patients for the treatment of long bone nonunions. All patients were evaluated radiographicaly for the development of heterotopic ossification during the standard assessment for the nonunion healing...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852706/efficacy-of-two-injection-site-localisation-techniques-for-botulinum-toxin-injections-a-single-blind-crossover-randomised-trial-protocol-among-adults-with-hemiplegia-due-to-stroke
#10
Claire Morel, Isabelle Hauret, Nicolas Andant, Armand Bonnin, Bruno Pereira, Emmanuel Coudeyre
INTRODUCTION: Botulinum toxin injections are an effective treatment for limb spasticity following stroke. Different tracking techniques are used for this purpose: palpation, electrostimulation, electromyography and ultrasound. Yet very few studies have compared these different techniques, and none has successfully proved the superior efficacy of ultrasound-guided injections compared to another tracking method. The primary objective of our study was therefore to compare the efficacy of botulinum toxin injections depending on the tracking technique used: ultrasound versus electrostimulation...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836503/in-vitro-hip-testing-in-the-international-society-of-biomechanics-coordinate-system
#11
Richard J van Arkel, Jonathan R T Jeffers
Many innovative experiments are designed to answer research questions about hip biomechanics, however many fail to define a coordinate system. This makes comparisons between studies unreliable and is an unnecessary hurdle in extrapolating experimental results to clinical reality. The aim of this study was to present a specimen mounting protocol which aligns and registers hip specimens in the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) coordinate system, which is defined by bony landmarks that are identified by palpation of the patient׳s body...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699841/combining-rheology-and-mri-imaging-healthy-and-tumorous-brains-based-on-mechanical-properties
#12
Anna-Lisa Kofahl, Sebastian Theilenberg, Jakob Bindl, Deniz Ulucay, Judith Wild, Sylvia Napiletzki, Birgit Schu-Schätter, Alexandra Vohlen, Bogdan Pintea, Jürgen Finsterbusch, Elke Hattingen, Carsten Urbach, Karl Maier
PURPOSE: It is well known that pathological changes in tissue alter its mechanical properties. This holds also true for brain tissue. In case of the brain, however, obtaining information about these properties is hard due to the surrounding cranial bone. In this paper a novel technique to create an imaging contrast based on the aforementioned properties is presented. METHODS: The method is based on an excitation of the brain induced by a short fall. The response of the brain tissue is measured using a motion sensitive MRI sequence...
October 3, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638344/interrelationship-between-temporomandibular-joint-osteoarthritis-oa-and-cervical-spine-pain-effects-of-intra-articular-injection-with-hyaluronic-acid
#13
Luca Guarda-Nardini, Cristina Cadorin, Antonio Frizziero, Stefano Masiero, Daniele Manfredini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate cervical spine pain and function after five sessions of viscosupplementation with hyaluronic acid (HA) in patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis. METHODS: Forty-nine patients, (79% females, aged between 43-81 years), affected by TMJ osteoarthritis and concurrent cervical spine pain and limited function were recruited. All patients underwent a cycle of five weekly arthrocenteses and viscosupplementation with 1 ml of medium molecular weight HA according to the single-needle arthrocentesis technique...
September 16, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613762/surgical-release-of-the-pectoralis-minor-tendon-for-scapular-dyskinesia-and-shoulder-pain
#14
Matthew T Provencher, Hannah Kirby, Lucas S McDonald, Petar Golijanin, Daniel Gross, Kevin J Campbell, Lance LeClere, George Sanchez, Shawn Anthony, Anthony A Romeo
BACKGROUND: Pectoralis minor (PM) tightness has been linked to pain and dysfunction of the shoulder joint secondary to anterior tilt and internal rotation of the scapula, thus causing secondary impingement of the subacromial space. PURPOSE: To describe outcomes pertaining to nonoperative and operative treatment via surgical release of the PM tendon for pathologic PM tightness in an active population. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
January 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579801/effect-of-feedback-techniques-for-lower-back-pain-on-gluteus-maximus-and-oblique-abdominal-muscle-activity-and-angle-of-pelvic-rotation-during-the-clam-exercise
#15
Eun-Kyung Koh, Kyue-Nam Park, Do-Young Jung
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in order to determine the effect of feedback tools on activities of the gluteus maximus (Gmax) and oblique abdominal muscles and the angle of pelvic rotation during clam exercise (CE). DESIGN: Comparative study using repeated measures. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen subjects with lower back pain. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Each subject performed the CE without feedback, the CE using a pressure biofeedback unit (CE-PBU), and the CE with palpation and visual feedback (CE-PVF)...
November 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559287/factors-affecting-confidence-and-knowledge-in-spinal-palpation-among-international-manual-physical-therapists
#16
Steve Karas, Anthony Schneiders, Duncan Reid, Victor Talisa
OBJECTIVES: We sought to find if there was a relationship between the confidence in use of static palpation, passive physiological intervertebral motion (PPIVM) and passive accessory intervertebral motion (PAIVM) and the manual therapist's (MTs) knowledge of the literature on these topics. METHODS: We designed an international survey to achieve our objectives. Each skill was surveyed for the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spines. We also included several other factors that we believed might influence the use of these skills...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519926/manual-lymphatic-drainage-and-active-exercise-effects-on-lymphatic-function-do-not-translate-into-morbidities-in-women-who-underwent-breast-cancer-surgery
#17
Mariana Maia Freire de Oliveira, Maria Salete Costa Gurgel, Maria Teresa Pace do Amaral, Bárbara Juarez Amorim, Celso Darío Ramos, José Geraldo Almeida Filho, Laura Ferreira de Rezende, Luís Otávio Zanatta Sarian
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) and active exercise effects on lymphatic alterations of the upper limb (UL), range of motion (ROM) of shoulder, and scar complications after breast cancer surgery. DESIGN: Clinical trial. SETTING: Health care center. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N=105) undergoing radical breast cancer surgery who were matched for staging, age, and body mass index. INTERVENTIONS: Women (n=52) were submitted to MLD and 53 to active exercises for UL for 1 month and followed up...
February 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398917/full-range-of-motion-induces-greater-muscle-damage-than-partial-range-of-motion-in-elbow-flexion-exercise-with-free-weights
#18
Bruno Manfredini Baroni, Marcelo Gava Pompermayer, Anelize Cini, Amanda Stortti Peruzzolo, Régis Radaelli, Clarissa Müller Brusco, Ronei Silveira Pinto
Load and range of motion (ROM) applied in resistance training (RT) affect the muscle damage magnitude and the recovery time-course. Since exercises performed with partial ROM allow a higher load compared to those with full ROM, this study investigated the acute effect of a traditional RT exercise using full ROM or partial ROM on muscle damage markers. Fourteen healthy men performed four sets of 10 concentric-eccentric repetitions of unilateral elbow flexion at the Scott bench. Arms were randomly assigned to partial ROM (50° to 100°) and full ROM (0° to 130°) conditions, and load was determined as 80% of one repetition maximum in full and partial ROM tests...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385834/the-reliability-of-lumbar-motion-palpation-using-continuous-analysis-and-confidence-ratings-choosing-a-relevant-index-of-agreement
#19
Robert Cooperstein, Morgan Young
INTRODUCTION: Most studies show motion palpation unreliable. This study's primary objective was assessing its reliability using a continuous measure methods, most-fixated level paradigm, stratified by examiners' confidence; and the secondary objective was comparing various indices of examiner agreement. METHODS: Thirty-four minimally symptomatic participants were palpated in side posture by two experienced examiners. Interexaminer differences in identifying the most-fixated level and degree of examiner confidence were recorded...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379856/-arthroscopic-refixation-of-tfcc-by-bone-screw-anchor
#20
N Schmelzer-Schmied
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this operation technique is a stable refixation of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) to the fovea ulnaris. The stability of the distal radio-ulnar joint (DRUJ) should be re-established. The patients pain and the feeling of instability should be reduced. INDICATIONS: Lesions of the foveal component of the TFCC resulting in DRUJ instability. Combined lesions of both components of the TFCC. Complete detachment of the TFCC from the ulna either without fracture of the styloid process of the ulna or with fracture (floating styloid)...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
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