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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687376/burden-and-centralised-treatment-in-europe-of-rare-tumours-results-of-rarecarenet-a-population-based-study
#1
Gemma Gatta, Riccardo Capocaccia, Laura Botta, Sandra Mallone, Roberta De Angelis, Eva Ardanaz, Harry Comber, Nadya Dimitrova, Maarit K Leinonen, Sabine Siesling, Jan M van der Zwan, Liesbet Van Eycken, Otto Visser, Maja P Žakelj, Lesley A Anderson, Francesca Bella, Innos Kaire, Renée Otter, Charles A Stiller, Annalisa Trama
BACKGROUND: Rare cancers pose challenges for diagnosis, treatments, and clinical decision making. Information about rare cancers is scant. The RARECARE project defined rare cancers as those with an annual incidence of less than six per 100 000 people in European Union (EU). We updated the estimates of the burden of rare cancers in Europe, their time trends in incidence and survival, and provide information about centralisation of treatments in seven European countries. METHODS: We analysed data from 94 cancer registries for more than 2 million rare cancer diagnoses, to estimate European incidence and survival in 2000-07 and the corresponding time trends during 1995-2007...
July 4, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642163/perianal-structures-in-myrmecophilous-subterranean-aphids-insecta-hemiptera-aphididae-comparative-morphology-of-trophobiotic-organ-with-its-first-description-in-lachninae
#2
Mariusz Kanturski, Jagna Karcz, Natalia Kaszyca, Łukasz Depa
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light stereoscopic microscopy (LSM) were used for the first time to elucidate the external morphology of the so called "trophobiotic organ" on the end of abdomen of apterous viviparous females of six aphid species (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae), representatives of the myrmecophilous, subterranean aphids from the subfamilies Anoeciinae (Anoecia furcata), Eriosomatinae (Forda formicaria, Geoica utricularia, Tetraneura ulmi), and Lachninae (Protrama flavescens, Trama troglodytes)...
July 6, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600902/transfer-of-innovation-on-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma-multimorbidity-in-the-elderly-macvia-aria-reference-site-twinning-eip-on-aha
#3
J Bousquet, I Agache, M R Aliberti, R Angles, I Annesi-Maesano, J M Anto, S Arnavielhe, E Asayag, E Bacci, A Bedbrook, C Bachert, I Baroni, B A Barreto, M Bedolla-Barajas, K C Bergmann, L Bertorello, M Bewick, T Bieber, S Birov, C Bindslev-Jensen, A Blua, M Bochenska Marciniak, I Bogus-Buczynska, S Bosnic-Anticevich, I Bosse, R Bourret, C Bucca, R Buonaiuto, D Caiazza, D Caillot, D P Caimmi, P Camargos, G Canfora, V Cardona, A M Carriazo, C Cartier, G Castellano, N H Chavannes, M M Ciaravolo, C Cingi, A Ciceran, L Colas, E Colgan, J Coll, D Conforti, J Correira de Sousa, R M Cortés-Grimaldo, F Corti, E Costa, A L Courbis, E Cousein, A A Cruz, A Custovic, B Cvetkovski, C Dario, M da Silva, Y Dauvilliers, F De Blay, T Dedeu, G De Feo, B De Martino, P Demoly, G De Vries, S Di Capua Ercolano, N Di Carluccio, M Doulapsi, G Dray, R Dubakiene, E Eller, R Emuzyte, J M Espinoza-Contreras, A Estrada-Cardona, J Farrell, J Ferrero, W J Fokkens, J Fonseca, J F Fontaine, S Forti, J L Gálvez-Romero, C I García-Cobas, M H Garcia Cruz, B Gemicioğlu, R Gerth van Wijk, M Guidacci, J Gómez-Vera, N A Guldemond, Z Gutter, T Haahtela, J Hajjam, P W Hellings, L Hernández-Velázquez, M Illario, J C Ivancevich, E Jares, G Joos, J Just, O Kalayci, A F Kalyoncu, J Karjalainen, T Keil, N Khaltaev, L Klimek, V Kritikos, I Kull, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, V Kolek, E Krzych-Fałta, M Kupczyk, P Lacwik, D Larenas-Linnemann, D Laune, D Lauri, J Lavrut, M Lessa, G Levato, L Lewis, I Lieten, A Lipiec, R Louis, J A Luna-Pech, A Magnan, J Malva, J F Maspero, J J Matta-Campos, O Mayora, M A Medina-Ávalos, E Melén, E Menditto, J Millot-Keurinck, G Moda, M Morais-Almeida, R Mösges, A Mota-Pinto, J Mullol, A Muraro, R Murray, M Noguès, M Nalin, L Napoli, H Neffen, R E O'Hehir, G Onorato, S Palkonen, N G Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, J L Pépin, A M Pereira, M Persico, O Pfaar, A C Pozzi, E Prokopakis, F Raciborski, J Rimmer, J A Rizzo, C Robalo-Cordeiro, M Rodríguez-González, G Rolla, R E Roller-Wirnsberger, A Romano, M Romano, J Salimäki, B Samolinski, F S Serpa, S Shamai, M Sierra, M Sova, M Sorlini, C Stellato, R Stelmach, T Strandberg, V Stroetmann, R Stukas, A Szylling, R Tan, V Tibaldi, A Todo-Bom, S Toppila-Salmi, P Tomazic, U Trama, M Triggiani, A Valero, E Valovirta, A Valiulis, M van Eerd, T Vasankari, A Vatrella, M T Ventura, M T Verissimo, F Viart, S Williams, M Wagenmann, C Wanscher, M Westman, M Wickman, I Young, A Yorgancioglu, E Zernotti, T Zurbierber, A Zurkuhlen, B De Oliviera, A Senn
The overarching goals of the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP on AHA) are to enable European citizens to lead healthy, active and independent lives while ageing. The EIP on AHA includes 74 Reference Sites. The aim of this study is to transfer innovation from an App developed by the MACVIA-France EIP on AHA reference site (Allergy Diary) to other reference sites. The phenotypic characteristics of rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity in adults and the elderly will be compared using validated information and communication technology (ICT) tools (i...
June 10, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384534/improving-treatment-results-with-reference-centres-for%C3%A2-rare-cancers-where-do-we-stand
#4
REVIEW
Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Eric Pujade Lauraine, Axel Le Cesne, Patricia Pautier, Marie Cecile Vacher Lavenue, Annalisa Trama, Paolo Casali, Jean Michel Coindre, Jean Yves Blay
Rare adult cancer (RAC) is characterised by an incidence of less than six cases per 100,000 people per annum; Four-million three-hundred thousand patients in the European Union are living with some or other rare cancer (22% of all new human cancers). These cancers are linked with worse survival rates than 'frequent' tumours (5-year survival: 47% for RAC against 65% for 'common' cancers), mainly because of: (1) delays in obtaining an accurate diagnosis, (2) inadequate treatments given in curative phases and (3) restricted opportunities for patients to participate in clinical trials because of the lack of support for dedicated trials for this disease group from both academic and industrial sponsors...
April 3, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298420/staged-induction-of-hiv-1-glycan-dependent-broadly-neutralizing-antibodies
#5
Mattia Bonsignori, Edward F Kreider, Daniela Fera, R Ryan Meyerhoff, Todd Bradley, Kevin Wiehe, S Munir Alam, Baptiste Aussedat, William E Walkowicz, Kwan-Ki Hwang, Kevin O Saunders, Ruijun Zhang, Morgan A Gladden, Anthony Monroe, Amit Kumar, Shi-Mao Xia, Melissa Cooper, Mark K Louder, Krisha McKee, Robert T Bailer, Brendan W Pier, Claudia A Jette, Garnett Kelsoe, Wilton B Williams, Lynn Morris, John Kappes, Kshitij Wagh, Gift Kamanga, Myron S Cohen, Peter T Hraber, David C Montefiori, Ashley Trama, Hua-Xin Liao, Thomas B Kepler, M Anthony Moody, Feng Gao, Samuel J Danishefsky, John R Mascola, George M Shaw, Beatrice H Hahn, Stephen C Harrison, Bette T Korber, Barton F Haynes
A preventive HIV-1 vaccine should induce HIV-1-specific broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs). However, bnAbs generally require high levels of somatic hypermutation (SHM) to acquire breadth, and current vaccine strategies have not been successful in inducing bnAbs. Because bnAbs directed against a glycosylated site adjacent to the third variable loop (V3) of the HIV-1 envelope protein require limited SHM, the V3-glycan epitope is an attractive vaccine target. By studying the cooperation among multiple V3-glycan B cell lineages and their coevolution with autologous virus throughout 5 years of infection, we identify key events in the ontogeny of a V3-glycan bnAb...
March 15, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291906/changes-in-mortality-and-incidence-of-prostate-cancer-by-risk-class-in-different-periods-in-italy-the-possible-effects-of-psa-spread
#6
Massimo Vicentini, Claudio Sacchettini, Annalisa Trama, Nicola Nicolai, Gemma Gatta, Laura Botta, Riccardo Valdagni, Paolo Giorgi Rossi
PURPOSE: In Italy, the spread of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing varies in different areas. A peak of incidence was reached in 2003-2004 in some areas, while in others the incidence is still increasing. Mortality has declined since 1999 in some areas, while it remains stable in others. We compared mortality and the risk of advanced cancer over 2 periods (1996-1998; 2005-2007) and by geographic area characterized by a different spread of PSA, to understand the possible impact of PSA on the epidemiology of prostate cancer...
May 12, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882658/access-to-clinical-trials-for-adolescents-with-soft-tissue-sarcomas-enrollment-in-european-pediatric-soft-tissue-sarcoma-study-group-epssg-protocols
#7
Andrea Ferrari, Annalisa Trama, Angela De Paoli, Christophe Bergeron, Johannes H M Merks, Meriel Jenney, Daniel Orbach, Julia C Chisholm, Soledad Gallego, Heidi Glosli, Gian Luca De Salvo, Laura Botta, Gemma Gatta, Gianni Bisogno
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with cancer are enrolled in clinical trials at far lower rates than children. This report compares the number of adolescents (15-19-year-olds) and children (0-14-year-olds) enrolled in the protocols of the European pediatric Soft tissue sarcoma Study Group (EpSSG) with the number of cases expected to occur. METHODS: The observed-to-expected (O/E) ratio was detected in the EpSSG countries contributing most of the cases, that is, Italy, France, Spain, the Netherlands, United Kingdom, and Ireland...
June 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815245/the-coprinopsis-cinerea-tup1-homologue-cag1-is-required-for-gill-formation-during-fruiting-body-morphogenesis
#8
Ryo Masuda, Naoki Iguchi, Kooki Tukuta, Takahiro Nagoshi, Kazuki Kemuriyama, Hajime Muraguchi
The pileus (cap) of the fruiting body in homobasidiomycete fungi bears the hymenium, a layer of cells that includes the basidia where nuclear fusion, meiosis and sporulation occur. Coprinopsis cinerea is a model system for studying fruiting body development. The hymenium of C. cinerea forms at the surface of the gills in the pileus. In a previous study, we identified a mutation called cap-growthless1-1 (cag1-1) that blocks gill formation, which yields primordia that never mature. In this study, we found that the cag1 gene encodes a homologue of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Tup1...
December 15, 2016: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778512/multifunctional-gold-nanoclusters-based-nanosurface-energy-transfer-probe-for-real-time-monitoring-of-cell-apoptosis-and-self-evaluating-of-pro-apoptotic-theranostics
#9
Yong Li, Pei Li, Rong Zhu, Chao Luo, Hao Li, Shanfang Hu, Zhou Nie, Yan Huang, Shouzhuo Yao
Bioimaging probes for accurately monitoring apoptosis process have extensive significance for cell biological studies and clinical investigations. Herein, novel multifunctional peptide-tailored gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) have been developed for real-time imaging of caspase-indicated cell apoptosis. The AuNCs nanoprobe was facilely prepared by a one-step peptide-mediated biomineralization with the dye (TRAMA)-tagged peptides specific to caspase 3 as both template agents and the signal switch. Unlike conventional FRET-based fluorescent probes of caspase activity, these nanoprobes relied on the unique quenching effect of AuNCs through the nanosurface energy transfer (NSET) from dye to AuNCs...
November 15, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716878/data-quality-in-rare-cancers-registration-the-report-of-the-rarecare-data-quality-study
#10
Annalisa Trama, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Maria Josè Sánchez Pérez, Jan Maarten van der Zwan, Eva Ardanaz, Christine Bouchardy, Juan Manuel Melchor, Carmen Martinez, Riccardo Capocaccia, Massimo Vicentini, Sabine Siesling, Gemma Gatta
PURPOSE: Rare cancers represent 22% of all tumors in Europe; however, the quality of the data of rare cancers may not be as good as the quality of data for common cancer. The project surveillance of rare cancers in Europe (RARECARE) had, among others, the objective of assessing rare cancer data quality in population-based cancer registries (CRs). Eight rare cancers were considered: mesothelioma, liver angiosarcoma, sarcomas, tumors of oral cavity, CNS tumors, germ cell tumors, leukemia, and malignant digestive endocrine tumors...
January 21, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620947/prostate-cancer-changes-in-clinical-presentation-and-treatments-in-two-decades-an-italian-population-based-study
#11
Annalisa Trama, Laura Botta, Nicola Nicolai, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Paolo Contiero, Mario Fusco, Michele Lodde, Fabio Pannozzo, Silvano Piffer, Antonella Puppo, Andreas Seeber, Rosario Tumino, Riccardo Valdagni, Gemma Gatta
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of prostate cancer is on the rise in many industrialised countries, including Italy, most likely because of the spread of PSA testing. In Italy, prostate cancer mortality has been dropping since 2000, but it is difficult to understand whether PSA testing is the main reason, considering the role of treatment in prognosis. The objectives of this study were: (1) to describe Italian trends of prostate cancer risk categories and corresponding changes in treatment patterns and (2) to interpret changes in survival over time...
November 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614694/personalise-medicine-do-not-medicalise-persons-the-case-of-patients-with-stage-i-testis-tumour-undergoing-surveillance
#12
EDITORIAL
Nicola Nicolai, Annalisa Trama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612593/amino-acid-changes-in-the-hiv-1-gp41-membrane-proximal-region-control-virus-neutralization-sensitivity
#13
Todd Bradley, Ashley Trama, Nancy Tumba, Elin Gray, Xiaozhi Lu, Navid Madani, Fatemeh Jahanbakhsh, Amanda Eaton, Shi-Mao Xia, Robert Parks, Krissey E Lloyd, Laura L Sutherland, Richard M Scearce, Cindy M Bowman, Susan Barnett, Salim S Abdool-Karim, Scott D Boyd, Bruno Melillo, Amos B Smith, Joseph Sodroski, Thomas B Kepler, S Munir Alam, Feng Gao, Mattia Bonsignori, Hua-Xin Liao, M Anthony Moody, David Montefiori, Sampa Santra, Lynn Morris, Barton F Haynes
Most HIV-1 vaccines elicit neutralizing antibodies that are active against highly sensitive (tier-1) viruses or rare cases of vaccine-matched neutralization-resistant (tier-2) viruses, but no vaccine has induced antibodies that can broadly neutralize heterologous tier-2 viruses. In this study, we isolated antibodies from an HIV-1-infected individual that targeted the gp41 membrane-proximal external region (MPER) that may have selected single-residue changes in viral variants in the MPER that resulted in neutralization sensitivity to antibodies targeting distal epitopes on the HIV-1 Env...
October 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609377/-establishment-of-traumatic-occlusion-model-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#14
Xian-Zhen Xin, Xu Yang, Bin Wei
PURPOSE: In this study, different methods were used to observe and obtain the most effective one to establish occlusal trauma model in Sprague-Dawley rats. METHODS: SPF male SD rats weighing 150~200 g and aged 10 to 12 weeks were used in this study. The rats' maxillary molars were bonded with stainless steel wire, resin , casting half crown , casting half combined crowns, half crown using selective laser melting (SLM) technology, half combined crowns using SLM technology through Super-bond and Multi-link bonding under general anesthesia...
June 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521630/taxonomy-and-phylogeny-of-phellinidium-hymenochaetales-basidiomycota-a-redefinition-and-the-segregation-of-coniferiporia-gen-nov-for-forest-pathogens
#15
Li-Wei Zhou, Josef Vlasák, Yu-Cheng Dai
Phellinidium, including 13 accepted polypore species mostly with resupinate basidiocarps, is one of the most aggressive forest pathogenic genera. This genus is characterized by the combination of a monomitic hyphal structure, abundant hyphoid setae in the context and trama, and hyaline and thin-walled basidiospores. To explore the relationships among the species of Phellinidium, especially those between forest pathogens and saprophytes, we examined 29 specimens representing all 13 previously known species from Asia, Europe and America from morphological and phylogenetic perspectives...
August 2016: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502605/accreditation-for-centers-of-sarcoma-surgery
#16
Sergio Sandrucci, Annalisa Trama, Vittorio Quagliuolo, Alessandro Gronchi
Soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms which may be subclassified into over 70 specific histologies and may be distributed throughout the body. Approximately one-half arises in the extremities and one-third arises in the abdomen, pelvis, and retroperitoneum. The diversity and rarity of sarcomas combined with the quite large number of affected patients are factors which underline of the importance of networking in diagnosis, therapy, and research dealing with rare cancers. The expertise of the treating center is one of the most significant factors affecting survival in STS...
March 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381634/envelope-specific-b-cell-populations-in-african-green-monkeys-chronically-infected-with-simian-immunodeficiency-virus
#17
Ruijun Zhang, David R Martinez, Quang N Nguyen, Justin Pollara, Trina Arifin, Christina Stolarchuk, Andrew Foulger, Josh D Amos, Robert Parks, Jonathon E Himes, Minyue Wang, Regina W Edwards, Ashley M Trama, Nathan Vandergrift, Lisa Colvin, Ken Dewar, Nikoleta Juretic, Jessica Wasserscheid, Guido Ferrari, Hua-Xin Liao, Sallie R Permar
African green monkeys (AGMs) are natural primate hosts of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Interestingly, features of the envelope-specific antibody responses in SIV-infected AGMs are distinct from that of HIV-infected humans and SIV-infected rhesus monkeys, including gp120-focused responses and rapid development of autologous neutralization. Yet, the lack of genetic tools to evaluate B-cell lineages hinders potential use of this unique non-human primate model for HIV vaccine development. Here we define features of the AGM Ig loci and compare the proportion of Env-specific memory B-cell populations to that of HIV-infected humans and SIV-infected rhesus monkeys...
July 6, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237614/survival-of-european-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-cancer-in-2000-07-population-based-data-from-eurocare-5
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Annalisa Trama, Laura Botta, Roberto Foschi, Andrea Ferrari, Charles Stiller, Emmanuel Desandes, Milena Maria Maule, Franco Merletti, Gemma Gatta
BACKGROUND: Data from EUROCARE have consistently shown lower survival for adolescents and young adults (AYAs; aged 15-24 years) than for children (0-14 years) for most cancers that affect both groups, and modest survival improvements up to 2000-02. AYAs have longer survival than that of adults for most cancers. We used the latest definition of AYAs (aged 15-39 years) and provided estimates of 5-year relative survival for European AYAs with cancer diagnosed in 2000-07, compared with children and adults (40-69 years) with cancer, and assessed survival improvements over time...
July 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198344/209p-smo-mutation-is-a-strong-negative-prognostic-factor-in-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#19
D Signorelli, C Proto, M Ganzinelli, G Lo Russo, L Botta, A Trama, G Pasello, M Tiseo, G Pelosi, M Garassino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122615/initiation-of-immune-tolerance-controlled-hiv-gp41-neutralizing-b-cell-lineages
#20
Ruijun Zhang, Laurent Verkoczy, Kevin Wiehe, S Munir Alam, Nathan I Nicely, Sampa Santra, Todd Bradley, Charles W Pemble, Jinsong Zhang, Feng Gao, David C Montefiori, Hilary Bouton-Verville, Garnett Kelsoe, Kevin Larimore, Phillip D Greenberg, Robert Parks, Andrew Foulger, Jessica N Peel, Kan Luo, Xiaozhi Lu, Ashley M Trama, Nathan Vandergrift, Georgia D Tomaras, Thomas B Kepler, M Anthony Moody, Hua-Xin Liao, Barton F Haynes
Development of an HIV vaccine is a global priority. A major roadblock to a vaccine is an inability to induce protective broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs). HIV gp41 bnAbs have characteristics that predispose them to be controlled by tolerance. We used gp41 2F5 bnAb germline knock-in mice and macaques vaccinated with immunogens reactive with germline precursors to activate neutralizing antibodies. In germline knock-in mice, bnAb precursors were deleted, with remaining anergic B cells capable of being activated by germline-binding immunogens to make gp41-reactive immunoglobulin M (IgM)...
April 27, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
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