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Hsp60 skeletal muscle

K Nonaka, S Une, M Komatsu, R Yamaji, J Akiyama
This study aimed to investigate whether heat stress (HS) prevents a decrease in succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity and heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) contents in the extensor digitorum longus of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Twelve-week-old male Wistar rats were assigned to one of the four groups (n=6/group): control (Con), HS, diabetes mellitus (DM), and diabetes mellitus and heat stress (DM+HS). Diabetes was induced by the administration of STZ (50 mg/kg)...
November 10, 2017: Physiological Research
Sofya Suidasari, Shinji Uragami, Noriyuki Yanaka, Norihisa Kato
Previous studies have suggested that vitamin B6 is an ergogenic factor. However, the role of dietary vitamin B6 in skeletal muscle has not been widely researched. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of dietary vitamin B6 on the gene expression of 19 myokines, 14 nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-regulated factors, 8 myogenesis-related factors and 4 heat shock proteins (HSPs), which may serve important roles in skeletal muscles. Rats were fed a diet containing 1 (marginal vitamin B6 deficiency), 7 (recommended dietary level) or 35 mg/kg of pyridoxine (PN) HCl/ for 6 weeks...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Bryan E Luu, Sanoji Wijenayake, Amal I Malik, Kenneth B Storey
African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis) endure bouts of severe drought in their natural habitats and survive the loss of approximately 30% of total body water due to dehydration. To investigate molecular mechanisms employed by X. laevis during periods of dehydration, the heat shock protein response, a vital component of the cytoprotective stress response, was characterized. Using western immunoblotting and multiplex technology, the protein levels of HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, HSC70, and HSP90 were quantified in the liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, lung, and testes from control frogs and those that underwent medium or high dehydration (~16 or ~30% loss of total body water)...
January 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Céline Schwalm, Louise Deldicque, Marc Francaux
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether fission and mitophagy are activated by acute endurance exercise in human skeletal muscle and to investigate if this activation is dependent upon the nutritional state. METHODS: Trained athletes (n = 7) cycled for 2 h at 70% V˙O2peak in a fed or fasted state. Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies were obtained at baseline, before, immediately after, and 1 h after exercise. Protein and mRNA markers for mitophagy, mitochondrial biogenesis, fission, and fusion were analyzed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot...
August 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Aaron M Gusdon, Jason Callio, Giovanna Distefano, Robert M O'Doherty, Bret H Goodpaster, Paul M Coen, Charleen T Chu
Exercise is known to have numerous beneficial effects. Recent studies indicate that exercise improves mitochondrial energetics not only in skeletal muscle but also in other tissues. While exercise elicits positive effects on memory, neurogenesis, and synaptic plasticity, the effects of exercise on brain mitochondrial energetics remain relatively unknown. Herein, we studied the effects of exercise training in old and young mice on brain mitochondrial energetics, in comparison to known effects on peripheral tissues that utilize fatty acid oxidation...
April 2017: Experimental Gerontology
Giuseppe Morici, Monica Frinchi, Alessandro Pitruzzella, Valentina Di Liberto, Rosario Barone, Andrea Pace, Valentina Di Felice, Natale Belluardo, Francesco Cappello, Giuseppa Mudò, Maria R Bonsignore
In the mdx mice model of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), mild endurance exercise training positively affected limb skeletal muscles, whereas few and controversial data exist on the effects of training on the diaphragm. The diaphragm was examined in mdx (C57BL/10ScSn-Dmdmdx) and wild-type (WT, C57BL/10ScSc) mice under sedentary conditions (mdx-SD, WT-SD) and during mild exercise training (mdx-EX, WT-EX). At baseline, and after 30 and 45 days (training: 5 d/wk for 6 weeks), diaphragm muscle morphology and Cx39 protein were assessed...
August 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Jonathan M Memme, Ashley N Oliveira, David A Hood
The mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein responses (UPR(mt) and UPR(ER)) are important for cellular homeostasis during stimulus-induced increases in protein synthesis. Exercise triggers the synthesis of mitochondrial proteins, regulated in part by peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α). To investigate the role of the UPR in exercise-induced adaptations, we subjected rats to 3 h of chronic contractile activity (CCA) for 1, 2, 3, 5, or 7 days followed by 3 h of recovery...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Creed M Stary, Michael C Hogan
The intrinsic activating factors that induce transcription of heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) in skeletal muscle following exercise remain unclear. We hypothesized that the cytosolic Ca(2+) transient that occurs with depolarization is a determinant. We utilized intact, single skeletal muscle fibers from Xenopus laevis to test the role of the cytosolic Ca(2+) transient and several other exercise-related factors (fatigue, hypoxia, AMP kinase, and cross-bridge cycling) on the activation of HSP72 transcription. HSP72 and HSP60 mRNA levels were assessed with real-time quantitative PCR; cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]cyt) was assessed with fura-2...
May 15, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Rosario Barone, Filippo Macaluso, Claudia Sangiorgi, Claudia Campanella, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Viviana Moresi, Dario Coletti, Everly Conway de Macario, Alberto Jl Macario, Francesco Cappello, Sergio Adamo, Felicia Farina, Giovanni Zummo, Valentina Di Felice
Heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) is a chaperone localizing in skeletal muscle mitochondria, whose role is poorly understood. In the present study, the levels of Hsp60 in fibres of the entire posterior group of hindlimb muscles (gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris) were evaluated in mice after completing a 6-week endurance training program. The correlation between Hsp60 levels and the expression of four isoforms of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC1α) were investigated only in soleus...
January 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Cheng-Wei Wu, Kyle K Biggar, Jing Zhang, Shannon N Tessier, Fabien Pifferi, Martine Perret, Kenneth B Storey
A natural tolerance of various environmental stresses is typically supported by various cytoprotective mechanisms that protect macromolecules and promote extended viability. Among these are antioxidant defenses that help to limit damage from reactive oxygen species and chaperones that help to minimize protein misfolding or unfolding under stress conditions. To understand the molecular mechanisms that act to protect cells during primate torpor, the present study characterizes antioxidant and heat shock protein (HSP) responses in various organs of control (aroused) and torpid gray mouse lemurs, Microcebus murinus...
April 2015: Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics
Robert S Rogers, Marie-Soleil Beaudoin, Joshua L Wheatley, David C Wright, Paige C Geiger
Heat treatments (HT) and the induction of heat shock proteins (HSPs) improve whole body and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity while decreasing white adipose tissue (WAT) mass. However, HSPs in WAT have been understudied. The purpose of the present study was to examine patterns of HSP expression in WAT depots, and to examine the effects of a single in vivo HT on WAT metabolism. Male Wistar rats received HT (41°C, 20 min) or sham treatment (37°C), and 24 h later subcutaneous, epididymal, and retroperitoneal WAT depots (SCAT, eWAT, and rpWAT, respectively) were removed for ex vivo experiments and Western blotting...
January 1, 2015: Journal of Applied Physiology
Carolina Soares Moura, Pablo Christiano Barboza Lollo, Priscila Neder Morato, Luciana Hisayama Nisishima, Everardo Magalhães Carneiro, Jaime Amaya-Farfan
Whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) intake has shown to increase HSP70 expression. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether WPH intake would also influences HSP90, HSP60 and HSP25 expression, as well as associated parameters. Forty-eight male Wistar rats were divided into sedentary (unstressed) and exercised (stressed) groups, and were fed with three different sources of protein: whey protein (WP), whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) and casein (CAS) as a control, based on the AIN93G diet for 3 weeks. WPH intake increased HSP90 expression in both sedentary and exercised animals compared to WP or CAS, however no alteration was found from exercise or diet to HSP60 or HSP25...
2014: PloS One
M Folkesson, A L Mackey, H Langberg, E Oskarsson, K Piehl-Aulin, J Henriksson, F Kadi
AIM: Exercise-induced adaptations of skeletal muscle are related to training mode and can be muscle fibre type specific. This study aimed to investigate heat shock protein expression in type I and type II muscle fibres in resting skeletal muscle of subjects with different training backgrounds. METHODS: Three groups of subjects were included: healthy active not engaged in any training programme (ACT, n = 12), resistance trained (RES, n = 6) and endurance trained (END, n = 8)...
September 2013: Acta Physiologica
Luis Cesar Paulillo, ChengLin Mo, Janalee Isaacson, Luciene Lessa, Edjacy Lopes, Sandra Romero-Suarez, Leticia Brotto, Eduardo Abreu, William Gutheil, Marco Brotto
Jatropha curcas (JC) is a multipurpose perennial plant that belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family and is native to arid and semiarid tropical regions worldwide. It has many attributes and considerable potential for renewable energy, fish and livestock feeding. Despite its rich application as a renewable source and for animal feeding, JC has barely been explored for its medicinal potential. Here we review several patents related to JC that show it has been underused for medicinal purposes. For example, only one invention disclosure to date utilizes JC, combined with three other plants, in a preparation for wound healing...
December 2012: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
Tina Märker, Henrike Sell, Pia Zillessen, Anja Glöde, Jennifer Kriebel, D Margriet Ouwens, Piet Pattyn, Johannes Ruige, Susanne Famulla, Michael Roden, Jürgen Eckel, Christiane Habich
The stress protein heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) induces secretion of proinflammatory mediators from murine adipocytes. This study aimed to study Hsp60 as a mediator of adipose tissue inflammation and skeletal muscle cell (SkMC) insulin sensitivity and to quantify plasma Hsp60 concentrations in lean and obese individuals. Regulation of Hsp60 release and Hsp60-induced cytokine secretion and signaling was measured in human adipocytes and SkMCs. Adipocytes exhibited higher Hsp60 release than preadipocytes and SkMCs, which was further stimulated by cytokines and Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 activation...
March 2012: Diabetes
Francesca Forner, Sandra Furlan, Sergio Salvatori
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is caused by an expansion of CTG repeats at the 3'-UTR of the serine/threonine protein kinase DMPK. Expanded CTG repeats are toxic since they are transcribed into an RNA molecule which is then sequestered within the nucleus in the form of foci. RNA cytotoxicity is linked to the aberrant splicing of several developmentally regulated genes. DMPK transcripts undergo alternative splicing giving rise to many isoforms but do not seem to be involved in the splicing dysregulation of DM1...
June 2010: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Pamela Donoghue, Lisa Staunton, Edel Mullen, Gwen Manning, Kay Ohlendieck
Contractile weakness and loss of muscle mass are critical features of the aging process in mammalians. Age-related fibre wasting has a profound effect on muscle metabolism, fibre type distribution and the overall physiological integrity of the neuromuscular system. This study has used mass spectrometry-based proteomics to investigate the fate of the aging rat muscle proteome. Using nonionic detergent phase extraction, this report shows that the aged gastrocnemius muscle exhibits a generally perturbed protein expression pattern in both the detergent-extracted fraction and the aqueous protein complement from senescent muscle tissue...
June 16, 2010: Journal of Proteomics
Francesco Rusconi, Enzo Mancinelli, Graziano Colombo, Rosanna Cardani, Luca Da Riva, Italia Bongarzone, Giovanni Meola, Renata Zippel
Myotonic Dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is caused by a DNA microsatellite expansion within the Zinc Finger Protein 9 gene leading to an abnormal splicing pattern largely responsible for the pathological condition. To better define the functional changes occurring in human DM2 myotubes we performed a quantitative proteome comparison between myotubes of DM2 and control patients using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry. Our results indicate that the proteins, altered in DM2 cultures, belong to two major functional categories: i) mitochondrial components, with a reduction of EFTu, HSP60, GRP75 and Dienoyl-CoA-Isomerase, an enzyme involved in fatty acids degradation; ii) the ubiquitin proteasome system with increase of the 26S proteasome regulatory subunit 13 and a reduction of Proteasome subunit Alfa6 and of Rad23B homolog...
May 2010: Neurobiology of Disease
Anastasia Krivoruchko, Kenneth B Storey
The effects of 20 h of anoxic submergence in cold water and 5 h of aerobic recovery on the heat shock response were analyzed in four organs of the anoxia-tolerant turtle Trachemys scripta elegans. Immunoblotting was used to analyze levels of active and inactive forms of the heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1), nuclear translocation of HSF1, and the levels of six heat shock proteins (HSPs). PCR was also used to retrieve the turtle HSF1 nucleotide sequence; its deduced amino acid sequence showed 97% identity with chicken HSF1...
March 2010: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
James P Morton, Anna C Kayani, Anne McArdle, Barry Drust
Skeletal muscle adapts to the stress of contractile activity via changes in gene expression to yield an increased content of a family of highly conserved cytoprotective proteins known as heat shock proteins (HSPs). These proteins function to maintain homeostasis, facilitate repair from injury and provide protection against future insults. The study of the exercise-induced production of HSPs in skeletal muscle is important for the exercise scientist as it may provide a valuable insight into the molecular mechanisms by which regular exercise can provide increased protection against related and non-related stressors...
2009: Sports Medicine
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