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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321440/neuronify-an-educational-simulator-for-neural-circuits
#1
Svenn-Arne Dragly, Milad Hobbi Mobarhan, Andreas Våvang Solbrå, Simen Tennøe, Anders Hafreager, Anders Malthe-Sørenssen, Marianne Fyhn, Torkel Hafting, Gaute T Einevoll
Educational software (apps) can improve science education by providing an interactive way of learning about complicated topics that are hard to explain with text and static illustrations. However, few educational apps are available for simulation of neural networks. Here, we describe an educational app, Neuronify, allowing the user to easily create and explore neural networks in a plug-and-play simulation environment. The user can pick network elements with adjustable parameters from a menu, i.e., synaptically connected neurons modelled as integrate-and-fire neurons and various stimulators (current sources, spike generators, visual, and touch) and recording devices (voltmeter, spike detector, and loudspeaker)...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318742/a-mobile-based-surgical-simulation-application-a-comparative-analysis-of-efficacy-using-a-carpal-tunnel-release%C3%A2-module
#2
Kamil M Amer, Taha Mur, Kamal Amer, Asif M Ilyas
PURPOSE: The utilization of surgical simulation continues to grow in medical training. The TouchSurgery application (app) is a new interactive virtual reality smartphone- or tablet-based app that offers a step-by-step tutorial and simulation for the execution of various operations. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the app versus traditional teaching modalities utilizing the "Carpal Tunnel Surgery" module. We hypothesized that users of the app would score higher than those using the traditional education medium indicating higher understanding of the steps of surgery...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306682/training-future-anesthesiologists-in-obstetric-care
#3
Mauricio Vasco Ramírez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In order for the obstetric anesthesiologist to become a true perioperative / peripartum physician, a change in formative programs and certification process in anesthesia are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesia training programs are migrating to competency based medical education (CBME) worldwide. The traditional model of attending lectures, grand rounds, reading textbooks and journal papers should be complemented by virtual modalities such as massive open online courses or online teaching tools...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300878/surgical-model-pig-ex-vivo-for-venous-dissection-teaching-in-medical-schools
#4
Milton Ignacio Carvalho Tube, Fernando Antonio Campelo Spencer-Netto, Anderson Igor Pereira de Oliveira, Arthur Cesário de Holanda, Bruno Leão Dos Santos Barros, Caio Cezar Gomes Rezende, João Pedro Guerra Cavalcanti, Marília Apolinário Batista, Josemberg Marins Campos
PURPOSE: To investigate a method for development of surgical skills in medical students simulating venous dissection in surgical ex vivo pig model. METHODS: Prospective, analytical, experimental, controlled study with four stages: selection, theoretical teaching, training and assessment. Sample of 312 students was divided into two groups: Group A - 2nd semester students; Group B - students of 8th semester. The groups were divided into five groups of 12 students, trained two hours per week in the semester...
February 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296513/who-is-the-preferred-tutor-in-clinical-skills-training-physicians-nurses-or-peers
#5
Ece Şükriye Abay, Sevgi Turan, Orhan Odabaşı, Melih Elçin
Phenomenon: Clinical skills centers allow structured training of undergraduate medical students for the acquisition of clinical skills in a simulated environment. Physician, nurse, or peer tutors are employed for training in those centers. All tutors should have appropriate training about the methodology used in the clinical skills training. Many of the studies revealed the effectiveness of various types of tutors. The aim of our study was to evaluate medical students' satisfaction with clinical skills training, and their opinions about the differences in coaching skills among the physician, nurse, and peer tutors...
March 15, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296158/perception-of-simulation-training-in-emergencies-for-dental-sedation-practitioners
#6
Andrew Hadfield, Shelagh Thompson, Judith Hall, Cristina Diaz-Navarro
BACKGROUND: Simulation education is an important part of health care education and training. There is growing evidence to support the usefulness of simulation, especially in training for infrequently occurring situations, such as medical emergencies seen by dental practitioners. There are, however, few data on the longer term effects of simulation, including usefulness, relevance, emotional effect and ability to affect changes to daily practice. METHODS: Dentists and dental nurses who had undergone simulation training in medical emergencies for dental sedation practitioners undertook a semi-structured interview about their perception of the simulation experience...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291556/teaching-communication-skills-to-radiology-residents
#7
Jason N Itri, Sammy Yacob, Ayman Mithqal
The transition of health care in the United States from volume to value requires a systems-based approach aligning clinical services across the continuum of care. The ability to communicate effectively and resolve conflict is a critical skill within the systems-based model. Recognizing the essential role of communication in medicine, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education has designated interpersonal and communication skills a core competency for all residents regardless of specialty. Yet, communication skills are often developed through on-the-job training or not at all...
January 17, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280655/foundational-elements-of-applied-simulation-theory-development-and-implementation-of-a-longitudinal-simulation-educator-curriculum
#8
Michelle Chiu, Glenn Posner, Susan Humphrey-Murto
Simulation-based education has gained popularity, yet many faculty members feel inadequately prepared to teach using this technique. Fellowship training in medical education exists, but there is little information regarding simulation or formal educational programs therein. In our institution, simulation fellowships were offered by individual clinical departments. We recognized the need for a formal curriculum in educational theory. Kern's approach to curriculum development was used to develop, implement, and evaluate the Foundational Elements of Applied Simulation Theory (FEAST) curriculum...
January 27, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270542/effects-of-heat-and-moisture-exchangers-and-exhaled-humidity-on-aerosol-deposition-in-a-simulated-ventilator-dependent-adult-lung-model
#9
Arzu Ari, Khalid S Alwadeai, James B Fink
BACKGROUND: Many in vitro models report higher inhaled dose with dry versus heated humidity. Heat-and-moisture exchangers (HMEs) provide passive humidity in ventilator-dependent patients but act as a barrier to aerosol. The HMEs designed to allow aerosol delivery (HME-ADs) have not been well described. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact on aerosol deposition of HME-ADs with and without active exhaled humidity in a simulated ventilator-dependent adult model. METHODS: We used an in vitro lung model consisting of an intubated teaching mannequin with an endotracheal tube of 8...
March 7, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268948/teaching-cardiopulmonary-auscultation-in-workshops-using-a-virtual-patient-simulation-technology-a-pilot-study
#10
D Pereira, P Gomes, S Faria, R Cruz-Correia, M Coimbra
Auscultation is currently both a powerful screening tool, providing a cheap and quick initial assessment of a patient's clinical condition, and a hard skill to master. The teaching of auscultation in Universities is today reduced to an unsuitable number of hours. Virtual patient simulators can potentially mitigate this problem, by providing an interesting high-quality alternative to teaching with real patients or patient simulators. In this paper we evaluate the pedagogical impact of using a virtual patient simulation technology in a short workshop format for medical students, training them to detect cardiac pathologies...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267945/validation-of-a-difficult-endotracheal-intubation-simulator-designed-for-use-in-anaesthesia-training
#11
S Brettig, M Shurgott, S J Quinn, H Owen
There is a need for a validated endotracheal intubation trainer that has variable difficulty settings for the training and assessment of medical practitioners. In this study three anatomical modifications were retrofitted to a commercial manikin and then validated. These modifications included restricted movements of the mandible as well as changes to the upper incisors. A total of 130 participants comprising specialists, trainees and medical students volunteered for this study. Validity was tested using randomised between-groups comparison of the time taken to intubate the manikin on all settings...
March 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254855/training-and-maintaining-developing-a-successful-and-dynamic-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-program
#12
Heather Przybyl, Jill Evans, Laurie Haley, Jodi Bisek, Emily Beck
Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is commonly used to support critically ill patients with acute kidney injury or chronic renal disease whose condition is too unstable for them to tolerate intermittent hemodialysis. Current publications related to CRRT programs in the United States and Canada note key themes related to the development and maintenance of CRRT training programs. A successful CRRT training program should consider and incorporate adult learning principles whenever possible. A variety of teaching methods to deliver information to nurses, including online learning modules, didactic lecture, return demonstration, and high-fidelity patient simulation are key to training programs for this high-risk complex therapy...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254248/the-effectiveness-of-and-satisfaction-with-high-fidelity-simulation-to-teach-cardiac-surgical-resuscitation-skills-to-nurses
#13
Marion E McRae, Alice Chan, Renee Hulett, Ai Jin Lee, Bernice Coleman
BACKGROUND: There are few reports of the effectiveness or satisfaction with simulation to learn cardiac surgical resuscitation skills. OBJECTIVES: To test the effect of simulation on the self-confidence of nurses to perform cardiac surgical resuscitation simulation and nurses' satisfaction with the simulation experience. METHODS: A convenience sample of sixty nurses rated their self-confidence to perform cardiac surgical resuscitation skills before and after two simulations...
February 18, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252549/enhancing-interprofessional-education-with-team-based-learning
#14
Marijean Buhse, Carol Della Ratta
Interprofessional education (IPE) has gained momentum across health profession schools in simulation and clinical settings. Exploring interprofessional experiences in the classroom setting may further enhance collaborative skills while advancing clinical knowledge. The authors describe an innovative approach to IPE to teach chronic care concepts to graduate nursing, physician assistant, and public health students. Enhancing IPE with a team-based learning approach resulted in improved knowledge of chronic care management, student perceptions of mutual respect, and perceived development of communication and teamwork skills...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250041/using-standardized-patients-to-teach-complete-denture-procedures-in-second-year-of-dental-school
#15
Gary M Johnson, Christine A Halket, Gilda P Ferguson, Jeffrey Perry
Second-year dental students are commonly instructed on the process of complete denture fabrication with a traditional didactic lecture and preclinical dental laboratory education model. The problem with this limited mode of instruction is that dental students often fail to understand the various chairside procedures required to fabricate a complete denture. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of standardized dental patients to enhance students' understanding of the procedures involved with each appointment in the complete denture process...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247305/virtual-laparoscopic-training-system-based-on-vch-model
#16
Jiangzhou Tang, Lang Xu, Longjun He, Songluan Guan, Xing Ming, Qian Liu
Laparoscopy has been widely used to perform abdominal surgeries, as it is advantageous in that the patients experience lower post-surgical trauma, shorter convalescence, and less pain as compared to traditional surgery. Laparoscopic surgeries require precision; therefore, it is imperative to train surgeons to reduce the risk of operation. Laparoscopic simulators offer a highly realistic surgical environment by using virtual reality technology, and it can improve the training efficiency of laparoscopic surgery...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245193/problem-based-learning-using-patient-simulated-videos-showing-daily-life-for-a-comprehensive-clinical-approach
#17
Akiko Ikegami, Yoshiyuki Ohira, Takanori Uehara, Kazutaka Noda, Shingo Suzuki, Kiyoshi Shikino, Hideki Kajiwara, Takeshi Kondo, Yusuke Hirota, Masatomi Ikusaka
Objectives: We examined whether problem-based learning tutorials using patient-simulated videos showing daily life are more practical for clinical learning, compared with traditional paper-based problem-based learning, for the consideration rate of psychosocial issues and the recall rate for experienced learning. Methods: Twenty-two groups with 120 fifth-year students were each assigned paper-based problem-based learning and video-based problem-based learning using patient-simulated videos...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244929/can-a-novel-low-cost-simulation-model-be-used-to-teach-anterior-cruciate-ligament-graft-preparation
#18
Christopher M Brusalis, John Todd R Lawrence, Sheena C Ranade, Joy C Kerr, Nicholas Pulos, Lawrence Wells, Theodore J Ganley
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft preparation simulation learning model for use by orthopaedic surgery trainees. METHODS: A simulation model for ACL graft preparation was constructed using shoelace as graft material and a wooden graft preparation board that matched the dimensions of existing products. A 12-minute instructional video targeted at novice learners was created to accompany the simulation model. A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted on orthopaedic surgery residents divided into 2 groups with equal distributions of postgraduate year (PGY) status...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244920/evaluating-internal-fixation-skills-using-surgical-simulation
#19
Geoffrey T Burns, Brandon W King, James R Holmes, Todd A Irwin
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is an essential skill for an orthopaedic surgeon, yet teaching its components to surgical residents poses challenges in both complexity and cost. Surgical simulation has demonstrated efficacy and is now a mandated component of residency programs, but the techniques and resources required for effective simulation vary greatly. We hypothesized that simulation of ORIF skills could be accomplished in a cost-effective, quantifiable, and reproducible manner and that this experience coupled with didactic learning would increase skill proficiency and enhance ORIF performance...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244140/student-peer-teaching-in-paediatric-simulation-training-is-a-feasible-low-cost-alternative-for-education
#20
Michael Wagner, Lukas P Mileder, Katharina Goeral, Katrin Klebermass-Schrehof, Francesco S Cardona, Angelika Berger, Georg M Schmölzer, Monika Olischar
AIM: The World Health Organization recommends regular simulation training to prevent adverse healthcare events. We used specially trained medical students to provide paediatric simulation training to their peers and assessed feasibility, cost and confidence of students who attended the courses. METHODS: Students at the Medical University of Vienna, Austria were eligible to participate. Students attended two high-fidelity simulation training sessions, delivered by peers, which were video recorded for evaluation...
February 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
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