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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781968/infusing-social-justice-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-fostering-praxis-through-simulation
#1
Robyn Caldwell, Courtney Cochran
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM: Forensic clinical experiences are often inconsistent in undergraduate nursing education. Nursing students are not included in the process of forensic evidence collection, often because of the sensitive nature of the situation. Unfortunately, nursing students are forced to rely on theoretical knowledge provided by the nurse educator to understand the complexities of forensic nursing care. Nursing students must be able to identify and provide appropriate nursing care for individuals in all forensic situations...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778518/an-innovative-medical-school-curriculum-to-address-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-hesitancy
#2
Abigail M Schnaith, Erica M Evans, Caleb Vogt, Andrea M Tinsay, Thomas E Schmidt, Katelyn M Tessier, Britt K Erickson
BACKGROUND: Vaccination rates against Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in the US remain alarmingly low. Physicians can significantly influence a parent's decision to vaccinate their children. However, medical education often lacks training on specific strategies for communicating with vaccine hesitant parents. METHODS: We created an innovative curriculum designed to teach medical students how to address HPV vaccine hesitancy. The curriculum consisted of (1) a presentation on the epidemiology, biology, and disease morbidity associated with HPV, (2) a video that teaches specific communication strategies and (3) role-playing simulations...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776841/-medical-simulation-as-a-tool-in-the-training-of-perinatal-professionals
#3
B Tosello, J Blanc, C Kelway, V Pellegrin, E Quarello, F Comte, C Zakarian, C D'Ercole
Though technology plays an increasingly important role in modern health systems, human performance remains a major determinant of safety, effectiveness and efficiency of patient care. This is especially true in the delivery room. Thus, the training of professionals must aim not only for the acquisition of theory and practical skills on an individual basis, but also for the learning of teamwork systematically. Training health professionals with simulation enhances their theoretical knowledge and meets formal requirements in literacy, technical skills and communication...
May 15, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771814/using-technology-to-enhance-teaching-of-patient-centered-interviewing-for-early-medical-students
#4
Stacey Kaltman, Nicholas Talisman, Susan Pennestri, Eleri Syverson, Paige Arthur, Yianna Vovides
INTRODUCTION: Effective strategies for teaching communication skills to health professions students are needed. This article describes the design and evaluation of immersive and interactive video simulations for medical students to practice basic communication skills. METHODS: Three simulations were developed, focusing on patient-centered interviewing techniques such as using open-ended questions, reflections, and empathic responses while assessing a patient's history of present illness...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769371/how-are-we-currently-training-and-maintaining-clinical-readiness-of-us-and-uk-military-surgeons-responsible-for-managing-head-face-and-neck-wounds-on-deployment
#5
John Breeze, J G Combes, J DuBose, D B Powers
INTRODUCTION: The conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan provided military surgeons from the USA and the UK with extensive experience into the management of injuries to the head, face and neck (HFN) from high energy bullets and explosive weaponry. The challenge is now to maintain the expertise in managing such injuries for future military deployments. METHODS: The manner in which each country approaches four parameters required for a surgeon to competently treat HFN wounds in deployed military environments was compared...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767569/teaching-tip-development-of-veterinary-anesthesia-simulations-for-pre-clinical-training-design-implementation-and-evaluation-based-on-student-perspectives
#6
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764629/an-open-randomized-controlled-study-comparing-an-online-text-based-scenario-and-a-serious-game-by-belgian-and-swiss-pharmacy-students
#7
Jérôme Berger, Noura Bawab, Jeremy De Mooij, Denise Sutter Widmer, Nicolas Szilas, Carine De Vriese, Olivier Bugnon
INTRODUCTION: To compare online learning tools, looped, branch serious game (SG) and linear text-based scenario (TBS), among a sample of Belgian and Swiss pharmacy students. METHODS: Open randomized controlled study. The lesson was based on the case of a benign cough in a healthy child. A randomized sample of 117 students: only the Swiss students had attended a previous lecture on coughs. Participation rate, pre- and post-experience Likert scales and students' clinical knowledge were measured...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764028/-application-of-3d-virtual-reality-technology-with-multi-modality-fusion-in-resection-of-glioma-located-in-central-sulcus-region
#8
T N Chen, X T Yin, X G Li, J Zhao, L Wang, N Mu, K Ma, K Huo, D Liu, B Y Gao, H Feng, F Li
Objective: To explore the clinical and teaching application value of virtual reality technology in preoperative planning and intraoperative guide of glioma located in central sulcus region. Method: Ten patients with glioma in the central sulcus region were proposed to surgical treatment. The neuro-imaging data, including CT, CTA, DSA, MRI, fMRI were input to 3dgo sczhry workstation for image fusion and 3D reconstruction. Spatial relationships between the lesions and the surrounding structures on the virtual reality image were obtained...
May 8, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757048/interprofessional-education-involving-didactic-teamstepps%C3%A2-and-interactive-healthcare-simulation-a-systematic-review
#9
Lauren A Welsch, Johanna Hoch, Rebecca Deal Poston, V Andrea Parodi, Muge Akpinar-Elci
The didactic portion of TeamSTEPPS®, which focuses on teaching teamwork and communication, coupled with interactive simulation methods provides a unique interprofessional education (IPE) learning environment. Across the literature there are a wide variety of such programs described, but there is not a consensus on the most effective methodology. A systematic review was therefore undertaken to synthesize, critically appraise, and evaluate existing literature on IPE programs that utilize didactic TeamSTEPPS in conjunction with interactive healthcare simulation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745741/teaching-basic-trauma-validating-fluorosim-a-digital-fluoroscopic-simulator-for-guide-wire-insertion-in-hip-surgery
#10
Kapil Sugand, Robert A Wescott, Richard Carrington, Alister Hart, Bernard H Van Duren
Background and purpose - Simulation is an adjunct to surgical education. However, nothing can accurately simulate fluoroscopic procedures in orthopedic trauma. Current options for training with fluoroscopy are either intraoperative, which risks radiation, or use of expensive and unrealistic virtual reality simulators. We introduce FluoroSim, an inexpensive digital fluoroscopy simulator without the need for radiation. Patients and methods - This was a multicenter study with 26 surgeons in which everyone completed 1 attempt at inserting a guide-wire into a femoral dry bone using surgical equipment and FluoroSim...
May 10, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727607/rediscovery-of-otto-frank-s-contribution-to-science
#11
REVIEW
Johann P Kuhtz-Buschbeck, Angela Drake-Holland, Mark I M Noble, Brigitte Lohff, Jochen Schaefer
In the late 19th century, German physiologist Otto Frank (1865-1944) embarked on a near life-long research program of laying down the mathematical, methodological, and theoretical foundations in order to understand and define the performance of the heart and circulatory system in all their complexity. The existence of the "Frank-Starling law" testifies to this. Two of his seminal publications have been translated into English previously, introducing Frank's research on the dynamics of the heart and the arterial pulse to a wider audience...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727347/a-standardized-handoff-simulation-promotes-recovery-from-auditory-distractions-in-resident-physicians
#12
Lukas H Matern, Jeanne M Farnan, Kristen W Hirsch, Melissa Cappaert, Ellen S Byrne, Vineet M Arora
INTRODUCTION: Despite the increasing use of training simulations to teach and assess resident handoffs, simulations that approximate realistic hospital conditions with distractions are lacking. This study explores the effects of a novel simulation-based training intervention on resident handoff performance in the face of prevalent hospital interruptions. METHODS: After a preliminary educational module, entering postgraduate year 1 residents (interns) completed one of the following three handoff simulations: (1) no interruption, (2) hospital noise, or (3) noise and pager interruptions...
April 30, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726312/learning-how-to-learn-using-simulation-unpacking-disguised-feedback-using-a-qualitative-analysis-of-doctors-telephone-talk
#13
Walter J Eppich, Jan-Joost Rethans, Timothy Dornan, Pim W Teunissen
INTRODUCTION: Telephone talk between clinicians represents a substantial workplace activity in postgraduate clinical education, yet junior doctors receive little training in goal-directed, professional telephone communication. AIM: To assess educational needs for telephone talk and develop a simulation-based educational intervention. METHODS: Thematic analysis of 17 semi-structured interviews with doctors-in-training from various training levels and specialties...
May 4, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721749/a-scoping-review-of-assessment-tools-for-laparoscopic-suturing
#14
REVIEW
Elif Bilgic, Satoshi Endo, Ekaterina Lebedeva, Madoka Takao, Katherine M McKendy, Yusuke Watanabe, Liane S Feldman, Melina C Vassiliou
BACKGROUND: A needs assessment identified a gap in teaching and assessment of laparoscopic suturing (LS) skills. The purpose of this review is to identify assessment tools that were used to assess LS skills, to evaluate validity evidence available, and to provide guidance for selecting the right assessment tool for specific assessment conditions. METHODS: Bibliographic databases were searched till April 2017. Full-text articles were included if they reported on assessment tools used in the operating room/simulation to (1) assess procedures that require LS or (2) specifically assess LS skills...
May 3, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720505/teaching-pediatric-peritoneal-dialysis-globally-through-virtual-simulation
#15
Aleksandra E Olszewski, Dennis A Daniel, Deborah R Stein, Mignon I McCulloch, Sharon W Su, Daniel L Hames, Traci A Wolbrink
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the increasing prevalence of childhood kidney disease worldwide, there is a shortage of clinicians trained to provide peritoneal dialysis (PD). E-learning technologies may provide a solution to improve knowledge in PD. We describe the development of a virtual PD simulator and report the first 22 months of online usage. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: The PD simulator was developed and released on OPENPediatrics in January of 2016...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720167/development-of-a-neonatal-curriculum-for-medical-students-in-zimbabwe-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Simbarashe Chimhuya, Bothwell Mbuwayesango, Eva M Aagaard, Kusum J Nathoo
BACKGROUND: Calls have been made to reassess the curricula of medical schools throughout the world to adopt competence-based programs that address the healthcare needs of society. Zimbabwe is a country characterized by a high neonatal mortality rate of 24 per 1000 live births. The current research sought to determine the content and appropriate teaching strategies needed to guide the development of an undergraduate neonatal curriculum map for medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708828/single-session-of-robotic-human-cadaver-training-the-immediate-impact-on-urology-residents-in-a-teaching-hospital
#17
Riccardo Bertolo, Juan Garisto, Julien Dagenais, Daniel Sagalovich, Jihad H Kaouk
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate impact of robotic human cadaver training on the confidence with robotic surgery among urology residents. METHODS: After a preliminary survey assessing baseline skills, our institution's urology residents attended a single session of robotic training on fresh-frozen human cadavers, supervised by staff urologists. Post-training, both the residents and the supervisors were administered a survey querying the improvement of robotic skills and the sentiments toward the cadaver laboratory compared with alternative trainings (answers were given by Likert scale: 1 = negative/5 = positive)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707462/three-dimensional-printed-surgical-simulator-for-kirschner-wire-placement-in-hand-fractures
#18
Michal Brichacek, Julian Diaz-Abele, Sarah Shiga, Christian Petropolis
Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) of hand fractures can be a deceptively challenging procedure that requires significant hands-on time to teach and learn. We created a realistic three-dimensional simulator that can be used for teaching junior residents the CRPP. Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) software was used to create a three-dimensional hand model incorporating several common hand fractures: Bennett's fracture, transverse fifth metacarpal neck, and transverse second proximal phalanx...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705504/e-learning-and-nursing-assessment-skills-and-knowledge-an-integrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Ewan W McDonald, Jessica L Boulton, Jacqueline L Davis
OBJECTIVES: This review examines the current evidence on the effectiveness of digital technologies or e-based learning for enhancing the skills and knowledge of nursing students in nursing assessment. DESIGN & BACKGROUND: This integrative review identifies themes emerging from e-learning and 'nursing assessment' literature. Literature reviews have been undertaken in relation to digital learning and nursing education, including clinical skills, clinical case studies and the nurse-educator role...
March 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703101/identifying-developmental-features-in-students-clinical-reasoning-to-inform-teaching
#20
Ralph Pinnock, Megan Anakin, Julie Lawrence, Helen Chignell, Tim Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that students at different levels of training may benefit from different methods of learning clinical reasoning. Two of the common methods of teaching are the "whole - case" format and the "serial cue" approach. There is little empirical evidence to guide teachers as to which method to use and when to introduce them. METHODS: We observed 23 students from different stages of training to examine how they were taking a history and how they were thinking whilst doing this...
April 27, 2018: Medical Teacher
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