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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938303/optimizing-education-in-difficult-airway-management-meeting-the-challenge
#1
Sheila N Myatra, Rupali S Kalkundre, Jigeeshu V Divatia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The last 2 decades have seen a vast change in the science and technology of airway management. As a result, there is an increasing need to equip anesthesiologists with the new knowledge and skills for the safe management of a difficult airway. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to knowledge and expertise, human factors and nontechnical skills (NTS), including situational awareness, communication and team work, play an important role during difficult airway management and contribute to the outcome...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938179/does-simulation-enhance-nurses-ability-to-assess-deteriorating-patients
#2
Maria Bliss, Leanne M Aitken
Recognising and responding to patient deterioration has been identified as a key skill in nursing care to ensure that care is escalated for prompt, efficient management of the potentially critically ill patient. Simulation is one teaching strategy that has been established in nurse education as a method for enhancing skills. The objective was to explore the experiences of registered nurses to ascertain whether they perceived that simulation enhanced their skills in recognising the deteriorating patient. An exploratory qualitative design was used...
September 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938098/an-integrative-review-on-conflict-management-styles-among-nursing-students-implications-for-nurse-education
#3
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte
OBJECTIVES: Nurse education plays a critical role in the achievement of conflict management skills in nursing students. However, a wider perspective on this concept has not been explored. This paper is a report of a review appraising and synthesizing existing empirical studies describing conflict management styles among nursing students. DESIGN: An integrative review method guided this review. DATA SOURCES: Five (5) bibliographic databases (CINAHL, Medline, Psych Info, Embase and SCOPUS) were searched to locate relevant articles...
September 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937515/laparoscopic-major-vascular-injury-simulation-using-a-synthetic-compared-with-porcine-model
#4
Magdy P Milad, Farah A Alvi, Michael T Breen, Cynthia Brincat, Peter J Frederick, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Mark Lewis, Bryan Rone, Kimberly Swan, Karin Wollschlaeger
BACKGROUND: Major vascular injury training may improve clinical skills and reduce patient morbidity during gynecologic laparoscopy; thus, reliable models for simulation should be identified. METHOD: Two laparoscopic major vascular injury simulations using synthetic or live porcine models were constructed. The primary surgeon was given the opportunity to complete both simulations. After obtaining peritoneal access, the surgeon quickly encountered a major vascular injury...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933508/-skills-lab-training-in-veterinary-medicine-effective-preparation-for-clinical-work-at-the-small-animal-clinic-of-the-university-for-veterinary-medicine-hannover-foundation-effektive-vorbereitung-auf-die-klinische-t%C3%A3-tigkeit-am-beispiel-der-kleintierklinik
#5
Simon Engelskirchen, Jan Ehlers, Ansgar T Kirk, Andrea Tipold, Marc Dilly
OBJECTIVE: During five and a half years of studying veterinary medicine, students should in addition to theoretical knowledge acquire sufficient practical skills. Considering animal welfare and ethical aspects, opportunities for hands-on learning on living animals are limited because of the high annual number of students. The first German veterinary clinical-skills lab, established in 2013 at the University for Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation (TiHo), offers opportunities for all students to learn, train and repeat clinical skills on simulators and models as frequently as they would like, until they feel sufficiently confident to transfer these skills to living animals...
September 20, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929032/use-of-simulation-in-canadian-neonatal-perinatal-medicine-training-programs
#6
Jonathan Wong, Emer Finan, Douglas Campbell
Introduction Simulation is used for the delivery of education and on occasion assessment. Before such a tool is used routinely in neonatal training programs across Canada, a need assessment is required to determine its current usage by accredited training programs. Our aim was to characterize the type of simulation modalities used and the perceived simulation-based training needs in Canadian neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) training programs. Methods A 22-item and 13-item online descriptive survey was sent to all NPM program directors and fellows in Canada, respectively...
July 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922878/development-and-validation-of-a-mobile-device-based-external-ventricular-drain-simulator
#7
Peter J Morone, Kimon Bekelis, Brandon K Root, Robert J Singer
BACKGROUND: Multiple external ventricular drain (EVD) simulators have been created, yet their cost, bulky size, and nonreusable components limit their accessibility to residency programs. OBJECTIVE: To create and validate an animated EVD simulator that is accessible on a mobile device. METHODS: We developed a mobile-based EVD simulator that is compatible with iOS (Apple Inc., Cupertino, California) and Android-based devices (Google, Mountain View, California) and can be downloaded from the Apple App and Google Play Store...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918308/appropriateness-of-different-pedagogical-approaches-to-road-safety-education-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#8
C Purcell, A R Romijn
BACKGROUND: In 2016, 29% of pedestrians killed or seriously injured on the roads in Great Britain were under 15 years of age. Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), a chronic disorder affecting the acquisition and execution of motor skills, may be more vulnerable at the roadside than typically developing (TD) children. Current methods used to teach road safety are typically knowledge-based and do not necessarily improve behaviour in real traffic situations. Virtual reality road crossing tasks may be a viable alternative...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916889/teaching-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-poem-to-surgeons-in-practice-an-into-the-fire-pre-post-test-curriculum
#9
Tomokazu Kishiki, Brittany Lapin, Chi Wang, Brandon Jonson, Lava Patel, Matthew Zapf, Matthew Gitelis, Maria A Cassera, Lee L Swanström, Michael B Ujiki
INTRODUCTION: With the increasing adoption of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) as a first-line therapy for achalasia as well as a growing list of other indications, it is apparent that there is a need for effective training methods for both endoscopists in training and those already in practice. We present a hands-on-focused with pre- and post-testing methodology to teach these skills. METHODS: Six POEM courses were taught by 11 experienced POEM endoscopists at two independent simulation laboratories...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915950/improving-team-performance-through-simulation-based-learning
#10
REVIEW
Mark S Volk
American health care is facing an epidemic of medical errors. A major cause of these errors is poor teamwork. Crisis resource management (CRM) is a set of teamwork principles derived from the airline industry. Medical simulation is an educational tool that affords health care providers a means of improving teamwork by learning and practicing CRM. This article (1) discusses the case for teaching team training, (2) reviews the principles of medical simulation as they pertain to team training, (3) provides practical guidelines for using medical simulation in otolaryngology education, (4) discusses current evidence for the efficacy of medical simulation...
October 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915144/the-development-of-a-clinical-peer-review-tool
#11
John D Lundeen, Rebecca J Warr, Cynthia G Cortes, Frankie Wallis, Jennifer J Coleman
Faculty evaluation for the purpose of promotion and tenure frequently includes peer review as a part of the process. Faculty review by a peer may provide an assessment of teaching effectiveness and information related to the faculty member's professional development activities. This article presents an innovative, evidence-based approach using selected National League for Nursing core competencies and International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning clinical simulation standards in the development of a faculty peer review tool to gather data on clinical teaching to be used during the promotion and tenure process...
September 14, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913491/medical-simulation-a-costly-but-essential-teaching-tool
#12
EDITORIAL
Dan Sebastian Dîrzu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906197/teaching-to-the-affective-domain-an-end-of-life-simulation
#13
Cynthia Isabell, Barbara Banfield, Gail Lis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894544/success-rate-evaluation-of-clinical-governance-implementation-in-teaching-hospitals-in-kerman-iran-based-on-nine-steps-of-karsh-s-model
#14
Leila Vali, Zahra Mastaneh, Ali Mouseli, Vida Kardanmoghadam, Sodabeh Kamali
BACKGROUND: One of the ways to improve the quality of services in the health system is through clinical governance. This method aims to create a framework for clinical services providers to be accountable in return for continuing improvement of quality and maintaining standards of services. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success rate of clinical governance implementation in Kerman teaching hospitals based on 9 steps of Karsh's Model. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on 94 people including chief executive officers (CEOs), nursing managers, clinical governance managers and experts, head nurses and nurses...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894281/the-ancient-cline-of-haplogroup-k-implies-that-the-neolithic-transition-in-europe-was-mainly-demic
#15
Neus Isern, Joaquim Fort, Víctor L de Rioja
Using a database with the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of 513 Neolithic individuals, we quantify the space-time variation of the frequency of haplogroup K, previously proposed as a relevant Neolithic marker. We compare these data to simulations, based on a mathematical model in which a Neolithic population spreads from Syria to Anatolia and Europe, possibly interbreeding with Mesolithic individuals (who lack haplogroup K) and/or teaching farming to them. Both the data and the simulations show that the percentage of haplogroup K (%K) decreases with increasing distance from Syria and that, in each region, the %K tends to decrease with increasing time after the arrival of farming...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892534/utility-of-combining-a-simulation-based-method-with-a-lecture-based-method-for-fundoscopy-training-in-neurology-residency
#16
Deepak K Gupta, Namir Khandker, Kristin Stacy, Curtis M Tatsuoka, David C Preston
Importance: Fundoscopic examination is an essential component of the neurologic examination. Competence in its performance is mandated as a required clinical skill for neurology residents by the American Council of Graduate Medical Education. Government and private insurance agencies require its performance and documentation for moderate- and high-level neurologic evaluations. Traditionally, assessment and teaching of this key clinical examination technique have been difficult in neurology residency training...
September 11, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885872/teaching-tip-simulated-tumors-as-an-aid-to-teaching-principles-of-surgical-oncology
#17
Christopher Tan, Rachel Basa, Peter Bennett, Neil Hannan, William R Walsh, Christopher Bellenger
Tumors of the skin and subcutaneous tissues are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in small animals. In many cases, surgical excision is an essential component of successful therapy and it should be performed in a specific way based on the type and grade of the tumor. Students require adequate training to develop both clinical decision-making skills and technical surgical skills, which we believe contribute to optimal clinical results. We have developed an inexpensive and simple technique that aims to replicate a naturally occurring subcutaneous tumor and allows trainees to plan and perform three common surgical procedures: incisional biopsy, marginal excision, and wide surgical excision...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885726/achieving-interfragmentary-compression-without-special-drilling-technique-or-screw-design
#18
Jonathan Eastman, Bradley Deafenbaugh, Blaine Christiansen, Tanya Garcia-Nolen, Mark Lee
Traditional fracture fixation teaching suggests that fully threaded screws do not provide interfragmentary compression unless placed through a glide hole. Based on this assumption, pelvic surgeons typically use fully threaded screws in the treatment of comminuted transforaminal sacral fractures to limit iatrogenic neuroforaminal stenosis. Clinical experience with fully threaded screws suggests that interfragmentary compression actually does occur. We hypothesized that the use of a fully threaded screw does not produce any interfragmentary compression and that there is no difference in insertional torque between partially threaded and fully threaded screws...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885415/interactive-pelvic-anatomy-model-a-tool-for-teaching-basic-pelvic-anatomy
#19
Polina Advolodkina, E Britton Chahine
BACKGROUND: A knowledge deficit of pelvic anatomy has been noted in obstetrics and gynecology residents. In this article, we introduce an innovative anatomic model that uses readily accessible and reusable materials to simulate and teach anatomic relationships in the female pelvis. INSTRUMENT: Our anatomic model is a reusable and cost-effective modification of an existing pelvic model. We used felt fabric pieces with hook-and-loop fasteners to simulate the pelvic floor, perineum, and surrounding musculature as they attach to corresponding sites on a standard bony pelvis...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876987/a-novel-approach-to-simulation-based-education-for-veterinary-medical-communication-training-over-eight-consecutive-pre-clinical-quarters
#20
Ryane E Englar
Experiential learning through the use of standardized patients (SPs) is the primary way by which human medical schools teach clinical communication. The profession of veterinary medicine has followed suit in response to new graduates' and their employers' concerns that veterinary interpersonal skills are weak and unsatisfactory. As a result, standardized clients (SCs) are increasingly relied upon as invaluable teaching tools within veterinary curricula to advance relationship-centered care in the context of a clinical scenario...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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