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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643607/diabetes-self-management-training-in-a-virtual-environment
#1
Louise Reagan, Katherine Pereira, Vanessa Jefferson, Kathryn Evans Kreider, Susan Totten, Gail D'Eramo Melkus, Constance Johnson, Allison Vorderstrasse
Diabetes self-management training (DSMT) improves diabetes health outcomes. However, low numbers of patients receive DSMT. Using virtual environments (VEs) for DSMT is an innovative approach to removing barriers for patients. The purpose of this paper is to describe the experience of health professionals and diabetes educators establishing and teaching DSMT in a VE, Diabetes LIVE© (Learning in Virtual Environments), and the implications for future use of VEs in DSMT. It was found that providing DSMT in a VE preserves real-time interaction between patients and educators...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641027/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-spirituality-and-health-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-of-students-in-health-related-areas-a-controlled-randomized-trial
#2
Igraíne Helena Scholz Osório, Lídia Maria Gonçalves, Pedro Machry Pozzobon, Jair José Gaspar Júnior, Filippe Martins Miranda, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: To date there have been no randomized studies that assess whether "Spirituality and Health" (S/H) programs are, indeed, effective, or not. We sought to evaluate if an intervention in teaching S/H fosters competence changes in healthcare students. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out. Students were randomized into two groups: an Intervention Group (a theoretical-practical course in S/H) and a control group (waiting list). Students' S/H knowledge, attitudes, and skills (through a simulated patient) were assessed...
June 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639982/transforming-the-nursing-classroom-into-a-clinical-setting
#3
Leslie G Cole, B Ann Graves, Stephanie Turner
Providing clinical opportunities for students to gain experience in managing cardiac dysrhythmias is a challenge for nursing faculty. High-risk experiences are often not available for all students or are too life-threatening to entrust to students. Faculty shortages and increasing enrollments add to declines in clinical opportunities. The use of human patient simulation (HPS) has added opportunities to experience high-risk, low-frequency clinical situations. HPS may be employed in the classroom setting to teach content related to dysrhythmia treatments...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639038/characteristics-predicting-laparoscopic-skill-in-medical-students-nine-years-experience-in-a-single-center
#4
Tsutomu Nomura, Takeshi Matsutani, Nobutoshi Hagiwara, Itsuo Fujita, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Yoshikazu Kanazawa, Hiroshi Makino, Yasuhiro Mamada, Terumichi Fujikura, Masao Miyashita, Eiji Uchida
INTRODUCTION: We introduced laparoscopic simulator training for medical students in 2007. This study was designed to identify factors that predict the laparoscopic skill of medical students, to identify intergenerational differences in abilities, and to estimate the variability of results in each training group. Our ultimate goal was to determine the optimal educational program for teaching laparoscopic surgery to medical students. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, a total of 270 fifth-year medical students were enrolled in this observational study...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637146/instilling-positive-beliefs-about-disabilities-pilot-testing-a-novel-experiential-learning-activity-for-rehabilitation-students
#5
Arielle M Silverman, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Ian K Nelson, Patricia N Matsuda, Deborah Kartin, Ivan R Molton
PURPOSE: To develop and test a novel impairment simulation activity to teach beginning rehabilitation students how people adapt to physical impairments. METHODS: Masters of Occupational Therapy students (n = 14) and Doctor of Physical Therapy students (n = 18) completed the study during the first month of their program. Students were randomized to the experimental or control learning activity. Experimental students learned to perform simple tasks while simulating paraplegia and hemiplegia...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637051/teaching-transnasal-endoscopy-to-graduate-students-without-a-hospital-or-simulation-laboratory-pool-noodles-and-cadavers
#6
Shari Salzhauer Berkowitz
Purpose: This study reports on a training opportunity in endoscopy in which speech-language pathology graduate students use inanimate objects and cadavers. Best practices for transnasal endoscopy in vivo require a physician to be nearby, but many graduate programs do not have this access. Method: Endoscopy was offered as a graduate elective. Students (13 women) initially learned to manipulate the endoscope through the lumen of a swimming pool noodle that was embedded with trinkets...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634679/establishment-of-two-forensic-medicine-osce-stations-on-the-subject-of-external-post-mortem-examination
#7
S Heide, R Lessig, V Hachmann, D Stiller, M Rönsch, D Stoevesandt, A Biolik, S Watzke, J Kellner
An improvement in quality of medical external post-mortem examinations among others can be achieved by more intensive training of medical students. Modern learning and teaching methods such as e-learning modules and SkillsLab stations should be used for this. The introduction of corresponding methods of assessment such as the OSCE procedure is necessary to test the success of learning. In Halle (Germany), two OSCE stations on the subject of external post-mortem examinations were introduced in 2016. The 'practical external post-mortem examination' station test skills and abilities students have learned during practical external post-mortem examination in small group classes on a simulation doll...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634628/standardizing-hysteroscopy-teaching-development-of-a-curriculum-using-the-delphi-method
#8
Marie-Emmanuelle Neveu, Elodie Debras, Julien Niro, Hervé Fernandez, Pierre Panel
BACKGROUND: Hysteroscopy is performed often and in many indications but is challenging to learn. Hands-on training in live patients faces ethical, legal, and economic obstacles. Virtual reality simulation may hold promise as a hysteroscopy training tool. No validated curriculum specific in hysteroscopy exists. The aim of this study was to develop a hysteroscopy curriculum, using the Delphi method to identify skill requirements. METHODS: Based on a literature review using the key words "curriculum," "simulation," and "hysteroscopy," we identified five technical and non-technical areas in which skills were required...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628482/the-relationship-between-levels-of-fidelity-in-simulation-traditional-clinical-experiences-and-objectives
#9
Teresa Gore
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of baccalaureate nursing students' (BSN) perceived learning effectiveness using the Clinical Learning Environments Comparison Survey of different levels of fidelity simulation and traditional clinical experiences. A convenience sample of 103 first semester BSN enrolled in a fundamental/assessment clinical course and 155 fifth semester BSN enrolled in a leadership clinical course participated in this study. A descriptive correlational design was used for this cross-sectional study to evaluate students' perceptions after a simulation experience and the completion of the traditional clinical experiences...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626903/economical-sponge-phantom-for-teaching-understanding-and-researching-a-and-b-line-reverberation-artifacts-in-lung-ultrasound
#10
Christian Blüthgen, Sergio Sanabria, Thomas Frauenfelder, Volker Klingmüller, Marga Rominger
This project evaluated a low-cost sponge phantom setup for its capability to teach and study A- and B-line reverberation artifacts known from lung ultrasound and to numerically simulate sound wave interaction with the phantom using a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) model. Both A- and B-line artifacts were reproducible on B-mode ultrasound imaging as well as in the FDTD-based simulation. The phantom was found to be an easy-to-set up and economical tool for understanding, teaching, and researching A- and B-line artifacts occurring in lung ultrasound...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626563/chemistry-with-semi-classical-electrons-reaction-trajectories-auto-generated-by-sub-atomistic-force-fields
#11
Chen Bai, Seyit Kale, Judith Herzfeld
For a century now, "Lewis dots" have been a mainstay of chemical thinking, teaching and communication. However, chemists have assumed that this semi-classical picture of electrons needs to be abandoned for quantitative work, and the recourse in computational simulations has been to the extremes of first principles treatments of electrons on the one hand and force fields that avoid explicit electrons on the other hand. Given both the successes and limitations of these highly divergent approaches, it seems worth considering whether the Lewis dot picture might be made quantitative after all...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621971/universality-of-the-turbulent-velocity-profile
#12
Paolo Luchini
For nearly a century, the universal logarithmic law of the mean velocity profile has been a mainstay of turbulent fluid mechanics and its teaching. Yet many experiments and numerical simulations are not fit exceedingly well by it, and the question whether the logarithmic law is indeed universal keeps turning up in discussion and in writing. Large experiments have been set up in various parts of the world to confirm or deny the logarithmic law and accurately estimate von Kármán's constant, the coefficient that governs it...
June 2, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#13
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615002/effect-of-a-simulation-based-workshop-on-breaking-bad-news-for-anesthesiology-residents-an-intervention-study
#14
Vanda Yazbeck Karam, Hanane Barakat, Marie Aouad, Ilene Harris, Yoon Soo Park, Nazih Youssef, John Jack Boulet, Ara Tekian
BACKGROUND: Breaking bad news (BBN) to patients and their relatives is a complex and stressful task. The ideal structure, training methods and assessment instruments best used to teach and assess BBN for anesthesiology residents remain unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an education intervention for BBN based on immersive experiences with a high fidelity simulator and role-play with standardized patients (SPs). A secondary purpose is to gather validity evidence to support the use of a GRIEV_ING instrument to assess BBN skills...
June 14, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609316/evaluation-of-a-low-fidelity-surgical-simulator-for-large-loop-excision-of-the-transformation-zone-lletz
#15
Erin B Wilson, Michael M Beckmann, David G Hewett, Brian C Jolly, Sarah Janssens
INTRODUCTION: Large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) is a common gynecological treatment for cervical dysplasia but can be challenging to teach. There is no widely adopted simulator for this procedure in Australia, so a new low-fidelity simulator was designed and evaluated. METHOD: A simulator for a LLETZ procedure was developed. Doctors (N = 29), varied in experience level in gynecology at a tertiary hospital, performed a LLETZ procedure using the simulator...
June 12, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607230/preventing-torture-for-people-deprived-of-freedom-the-atlantic-hope-and-black-swan-prison-model
#16
Ernest N Ogbozor, Mara L Schoeny, Andrew Baer
International law and minimum standards provide certain protection for detainees and prisoners of war (POW) against torture and ill-treatment. Places of detention and parties to conflicts are often monitored to ensure that they adhere to the required standards through, for example, visits to individual detainees and the assessment of facilities. However, monitoring between the point of arrest and eventual remand in prisons is largely inadequate. This paper explains an emerging model to enhance protection of prisoners through readiness training for prospective humanitarian personnel...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603434/investigating-a-self-scoring-interview-simulation-for-learning-and-assessment-in-the-medical-consultation
#17
Catherine Bruen, Clarence Kreiter, Vincent Wade, Teresa Pawlikowska
Experience with simulated patients supports undergraduate learning of medical consultation skills. Adaptive simulations are being introduced into this environment. The authors investigate whether it can underpin valid and reliable assessment by conducting a generalizability analysis using IT data analytics from the interaction of medical students (in psychiatry) with adaptive simulations to explore the feasibility of adaptive simulations for supporting automated learning and assessment. The generalizability (G) study was focused on two clinically relevant variables: clinical decision points and communication skills...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600218/systematic-review-of-patient-specific-surgical-simulation-toward-advancing-medical-education-%C3%A2
#18
Won Hyung A Ryu, Navjit Dharampal, Ahmed E Mostafa, Ehud Sharlin, Gail Kopp, William Bradley Jacobs, Robin John Hurlbert, Sonny Chan, Garnette R Sutherland
OBJECTIVE: Simulation-based education has been shown to be an effective tool to teach foundational technical skills in various surgical specialties. However, most of the current simulations are limited to generic scenarios and do not allow continuation of the learning curve beyond basic technical skills to prepare for more advanced expertise, such as patient-specific surgical planning. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current medical literature with respect to the utilization and educational value of patient-specific simulations for surgical training...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594983/a-facial-trauma-simulation-course-for-evaluation-and-treatment-of-facial-fractures
#19
J Jared Christophel, Stephen S Park, Stephen J Nogan, Garth F Essig
Importance: Traditional facial trauma laboratories are used for teaching basic concepts of fracture reduction and hardware manipulation. Facial trauma simulation laboratories allow training physicians the opportunity to develop unique treatment plans as they would in real patient encounters. Objective: To assess the value of a novel facial trauma simulation course requiring residents to practice advanced decision making. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were prospectively collected July 23 and August 23 and 24, 2016, in a survey study during a resident physician trauma simulation course...
June 8, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593358/accuracy-in-identifying-the-elbow-rotation-axis-on-simulated-fluoroscopic-images-using-a-new-anatomical-landmark
#20
J K Wiggers, R M Snijders, J G G Dobbe, G J Streekstra, D den Hartog, N W L Schep
External fixation of the elbow requires identification of the elbow rotation axis, but the accuracy of traditional landmarks (capitellum and trochlea) on fluoroscopy is limited. The relative distance (RD) of the humerus may be helpful as additional landmark. The first aim of this study was to determine the optimal RD that corresponds to an on-axis lateral image of the elbow. The second aim was to assess whether the use of the optimal RD improves the surgical accuracy to identify the elbow rotation axis on fluoroscopy...
June 7, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
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