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Teaching simulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433962/ten-minute-snapshots-a-team-approach-to-teaching-postgraduates-about-professional-dilemmas
#1
Prabha S Chandra, G Ragesh, Santosh K Chaturvedi
As medical professionals, most of us face professional dilemmas that catch us unawares and are not discussed in medical training. One often learns about these dilemmas on one's own and deals with them with a common sense approach, rather than reflection. The professional dilemmas may concern receiving gifts from patients, handling issues of confidentiality or dealing with personal questions. There is seldom any formal instruction in competencies related to professionalism, especially in India. We adopted a team approach to provide training in these issues to postgraduate trainees in mental health and to engage them in discussion, using team feedback on snapshots of real-life professional situations, which were simulated through role play...
April 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#2
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423455/simulation-and-curriculum-design-a-global-survey-in-dental-education
#3
S Perry, M F Burrow, W K Leung, S M Bridges
BACKGROUND: Curriculum reforms are being driven by globalisation and international standardisation. Although new information technologies such as dental haptic virtual reality (VR) simulation systems have provided potential new possibilities for clinical learning in dental curricula, infusion into curricula requires careful planning. METHODS: This study aimed to identify current patterns in the role and integration of simulation in dental degree curricula internationally...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422954/identification-of-the-contribution-of-contact-and-aerial-biomechanical-parameters-in-acrobatic-performance
#4
Diane Haering, Aurore Huchez, Franck Barbier, Patrice Holvoët, Mickaël Begon
INTRODUCTION: Teaching acrobatic skills with a minimal amount of repetition is a major challenge for coaches. Biomechanical, statistical or computer simulation tools can help them identify the most determinant factors of performance. Release parameters, change in moment of inertia and segmental momentum transfers were identified in the prediction of acrobatics success. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relative contribution of these parameters in performance throughout expertise or optimisation based improvements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422779/the-utility-of-high-fidelity-simulation-for-training-critical-care-fellows-in-the-management-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-emergencies-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Bishoy M Zakhary, Lily M Kam, Brian S Kaufman, Kevin J Felner
OBJECTIVE: Although extracorporeal membrane oxygenation volume has increased, proficiency in the technology requires extensive training. We compared traditional water-drill-based extracorporeal membrane oxygenation training with simulation-based extracorporeal membrane oxygenation training with the hypothesis that simulation-based training is superior. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Academic medical center. SUBJECTS: Pulmonary/critical care fellows...
April 18, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420914/simulation-training-using-cadaver-sheep-chest-in-pleuroscopy-a-step-towards-skills-enhancement
#6
Talha Mahmud, Tajwar Nasir, Muhammad Saqib, Muhammad Aasim, Nasir Siddique
OBJECTIVE: For assessing the use of if simulation training on animal cadavers as a useful tool for training in pleuroscopy. METHODS: The email-based cross-sectional study was conducted in December 2014 at Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised respiratory physicians and trainees after their participation in a two-day hands-on training course on pleuroscopy and pleural medical procedures. The responses were analysed and the responses of physicians and trainees were compared...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410719/assessment-of-resident-training-and-preparedness-for-cataract-surgery
#7
Sidharth Puri, Divya Srikumaran, Christina Prescott, Jing Tian, Shameema Sikder
PURPOSE: To assess which surgical teaching methods are used for residency surgical training and which methods residents find most useful. SETTING: Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cross-sectional study. METHODS: A survey was developed and sent to residents at accredited ophthalmology training programs in the United States. The survey asked about demographics, program characteristics, surgical training methods, perceived initial preparedness, eventual competence, and difficulty with the steps of cataract surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408272/successful-management-of-a-neck-hematoma-following-simulation-training
#8
Marie-Ève Bélanger, Issam Tanoubi, Mihai Georgescu, Roger Perron, Arnaud Robitaille, Marie-Pierre Charron, Pierre Drolet
Simulation-based education is gaining widespread acceptance in many medical specialties as an effective method to teach technical and non-technical skills. The ultimate goal of simulation is to improve health care and patient safety. Boet et al. [1] published a review on simulation-based crisis resources management (CRM) teaching, looking for evidence that it can lead to improved workplace practices and patient safety. Amongst hundreds of studies pertaining to CRM, he found only nine that were relevant, and only one that showed reduced mortality...
April 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408233/securing-a-chest-tube-properly-a-simple-framework-for-teaching-emergency-medicine-residents-and-assessing-their-technical-abilities
#9
Raaj K Ruparel, Torrey A Laack, Rushin D Brahmbhatt, Phillip G Rowse, Johnathon M Aho, Yazan N AlJamal, Brian D Kim, David S Morris, David R Farley, Ronna L Campbell
BACKGROUND: Quality-improvement efforts at our institution have identified chest tube dislodgement as a preventable complication of tube thoracostomy. Because proper fixation techniques are not well described in the literature and are seldom formally taught, techniques vary among residents. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop and test a framework for teaching and assessing chest tube securement. METHODS: A repeated-measures study design was used...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407264/microvascular-anastomosis-simulation-using-a-chicken-thigh-model-interval-versus-massed-training
#10
Stephen Schoeff, Brian Hernandez, Derek J Robinson, Mark J Jameson, David C Shonka
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare the effectiveness of massed versus interval training when teaching otolaryngology residents microvascular suturing on a validated microsurgical model. STUDY DESIGN: Otolaryngology residents were placed into interval (n = 7) or massed (n = 7) training groups. The interval group performed three separate 30-minute practice sessions separated by at least 1 week, and the massed group performed a single 90-minute practice session. Both groups viewed a video demonstration and recorded a pretest prior to the first training session...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406847/nontechnical-skill-training-and-the-use-of-scenarios-in-modern-surgical-education
#11
Oliver Brunckhorst, Muhammad S Khan, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nontechnical skills are being increasingly recognized as a core reason of surgical errors. Combined with the changing nature of surgical training, there has therefore been an increase in nontechnical skill research in the literature. This review therefore aims to: define nontechnical skillsets, assess current training methods, explore assessment modalities and suggest future research aims. RECENT FINDINGS: The literature demonstrates an increasing understanding of the components of nontechnical skills within surgery...
April 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406438/u-s-trends-of-ed-visits-for-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injuries-implications-for-clinical-trials
#12
Cheng Chen, Junxin Shi, Rachel M Stanley, Eric A Sribnick, Jonathan I Groner, Henry Xiang
Our goal in this paper was to use the 2006-2013 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) database to describe trends of annual patient number, patient demographics and hospital characteristics of pediatric traumatic brain injuries (TBI) treated in U.S. emergency departments (EDs); and to use the same database to estimate the available sample sizes for various clinical trials of pediatric TBI cases. National estimates of patient demographics and hospital characteristics were calculated for pediatric TBI...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405926/the-use-of-theatre-in-medical-education-in-the-emergency-cases-school-an-appealing-and-widely-accessible-way-of-learning
#13
Christodoulos Keskinis, Vasileios Bafitis, Panagiota Karailidou, Christina Pagonidou, Panteleimon Pantelidis, Alexandros Rampotas, Michail Sideris, Georgios Tsoulfas, Dimitrios Stakos
INTRODUCTION: Theatre models in medical education have been used worldwide in order to train medical students and graduates in managing various situations. However, the literature reports little regarding its appeal to trainees. We conducted a medical seminar, entitled Emergency Cases School, which employed such techniques. Actors simulated the actions of doctors and patients involved in various emergency cases, in front of a large audience, in a specially modified theatre hall which resembled the emergency room environment...
April 12, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403371/development-of-a-theoretical-practical-script-for-clinical-simulation
#14
Renata Paula Fabri, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Ariadne da Silva Fonseca, César Eduardo Pedersoli, Fernanda Berchelli Girão Miranda, Laís Fumincelli, Rui Carlos Negrão Baptista
OBJECTIVE: To develop a theoretical-practical script based on the opinion of experts to be used in simulated clinical activities. METHOD: Qualitative study through analysis of content of interviews with experts on the theme in order to develop the proposed script. Of the 24 invited experts, 12 specialists from educational institutions in Brazil and abroad participated in the study in compliance with the ethical precepts. The experts responded to questions on the characterization of their study attributes and described the items required for the development of a simulated scenario...
April 10, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401705/a-3d-virtual-reality-ophthalmoscopy-trainer
#15
Andrew S Wilson, Jake O'Connor, Lewis Taylor, David Carruthers
BACKGROUND: Performing eye examinations is an important clinical skill that medical students often find difficult to become proficient in. This paper describes the development and evaluation of an innovative 3D virtual reality (VR) training application to support learning these skills. METHODS: The VR ophthalmoscope was developed by a clinical team and technologist using the unity game engine, smartphone and virtual reality headset. It has a series of tasks that include performing systematic eye examinations, identifying common eye pathologies and a knowledge quiz...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399607/surgeon-reported-needs-for-improved-training-in-identifying-and-managing-free-flap-compromise
#16
Catherine McMillan, Veerle D'Hondt, Alexandra H Marshall, Paul Binhammer, Joan Lipa, Laura Snell
Background This study examined the need for improved training in the identification and management of free flap (FF) compromise and assessed a potential role for simulated scenario training. Methods Online needs assessment surveys were completed by plastic surgeons and a subsample with expertise in microsurgery education participated in focus groups. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and mixed qualitative methods. Results In this study, 77 surgeons completed surveys and 11 experts participated in one of two focus groups...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397732/a-curriculum-using-simulation-models-to-teach-gynecology-and-obstetrics-to-trainees
#17
He-Ya Ren, Zhi-Jing Sun, Lan Zhu, Jing-He Lang, Hui Pan, Xia Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397522/an-evaluation-of-the-emergency-care-training-workshops-in-the-province-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#18
Mergan Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Emergency care in South Africa is both complex and complicated which is further compromised by inadequately trained healthcare workers. Academic disciplines at the University of KwaZulu-Natal have run emergency care workshops for doctors and nurses providing primary emergency care, in the province for the last 14 years. This delivery of such training has evolved over time. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feedback and knowledge of participants attending the last nine workshops...
March 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393996/-interactive-tools-to-standardize-semiology-teaching
#19
Alejandro González, Bryan Vargas, Vicente González, Ignacio Reyes, Alberto Sarfatis
BACKGROUND: The learning process for medical semiology depends on multidisciplinary teaching activities, including simulation tools. These tools should achieve a standardization level aiming at a same level of basic knowledge in each student. AIM: To evaluate an interactive online semiology learning tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An interactive online learning method for medical semiology was developed. It focused mainly on physical examination and incorporated audiovisual and self-explanatory elements, to strengthen the acquisition of skills and basic knowledge for each standardized clinical learning simulation session...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389672/contact-angle-measurement-of-small-capillary-length-liquid-in-super-repelled-state
#20
Tingyi Leo Liu, Chang-Jin Cj Kim
The difficulty of measuring very large contact angles (>150 degrees) has become more relevant with the increased popularity of super-repellent surfaces. Measurement is more difficult for dynamic contact angles, for which theoretical profiles do not fit well, and small capillary length liquids, whose sessile droplets sag by gravity. Here, we expand the issue to the limit by investigating dynamic contact angles of liquids with an extremely small capillary length (<1.0 mm), empowered by the superomniphobic surface that can super-repel even fluorinated solvents, which highly wet all materials...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
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