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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328238/valproic-acid-induces-decreased-expression-of-h19-promoting-cell-apoptosis-in-a549-cells
#1
Yang Hao, Guodong Wang, Chao Lin, Dong Li, Zhonghao Ji, Fei Gao, Zhanjun Li, Dianfeng Liu, Dongxu Wang
It has been suggested that the imprinted gene, H19, plays a crucial role in the development of cancer. In the present study, we attempted to treat the abnormal expression and methylation status of H19 in A549 cells using valproic acid (VPA), ascorbic acid (Vc), and 5-aza-Cytidine (5-Aza). The results suggested that VPA administration could alter the expression pattern of H19, while the hypomethylation status of H19 DMR was unchanged. Furthermore, overexpression of HDAC1 and DNMT1 was associated with decreased expression of H19 in VPA-treated cells...
March 22, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327666/hypoxia-induces-h19-expression-through-direct-and-indirect-hif-1%C3%AE-activity-promoting-oncogenic-effects-in-glioblastoma
#2
Weining Wu, Qi Hu, Er Nie, Tianfu Yu, Youzhi Wu, Tongle Zhi, Kuan Jiang, Feng Shen, Yingyi Wang, Junxia Zhang, Yongping You
H19 expression is elevated in many human tumors including glioblastomas, suggesting an oncogenic role for the long noncoding RNA; yet the upregulation of H19 in glioblastomas remains unclear. Here we report that hypoxia significantly stimulated H19 expression in glioblastoma cell lines, which was related to hypoxia-inducible factors 1α (Hif-1α). Hif-1α promoted H19 expression in U87 and U251 cells. Meanwhile PTEN is an advantageous factor to affect H19 expression, through attenuating Hif-1α stability. Hif-1α also positively correlates with H19 in human glioblastoma samples depending on PTEN status...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314879/a-study-on-associations-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-within-h19-and-hox-transcript-antisense-rna-hotair-with-genetic-susceptibility-to-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-a-chinese-population
#3
Jian-Zhe Zhou, Jing-Jing Li, Dong-Jin Hua, Si-Chao Huang, Qing-Qing Sun, Hua Huang, Xia-Fei Xin, Han Cen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine whether the H19 rs2839698, rs217727, and HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) rs12826786 polymorphisms were associated with genetic susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 777 participants were enrolled in this study, including 328 RA patients and 449 healthy controls. The H19 rs2839698, rs217727, and HOTAIR rs12826786 polymorphisms were detected by the ligase detection reaction-polymerase chain reaction (LDR-PCR) technology...
March 17, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296202/dna-methylation-imprinting-errors-in-spermatogenic-cells-from-maturation-arrest-azoospermic-patients
#4
P I Marques, S Fernandes, F Carvalho, A Barros, M Sousa, C J Marques
Imprinting errors have been described in spermatozoa from infertile patients with oligozoospermia and azoospermia. However, little is known about methylation of imprinted genes in other spermatogenic cells from azoospermic patients. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the methylation status of single CpGs located in the differentially methylated regions (DMRs) of two imprinted genes, one paternally (H19) and one maternally (MEST) methylated, in primary spermatocytes of azoospermic patients presenting complete (MAc, n = 7) and incomplete (MAi, n = 8) maturation arrest, as well as in other spermatogenic cells from MAi patients that presented focus of complete spermatogenesis in some seminiferous tubules...
March 10, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295500/sperm-dna-methylation-of-h19-imprinted-gene-and-male-infertility
#5
F Nasri, B Gharesi-Fard, B Namavar Jahromi, M A Farazi-Fard, M Banaei, M Davari, S Ebrahimi, Z Anvar
Infertility affects up to 15% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide, with male factor being detected in 40%-50% of the cases. Proper sperm production is associated with the establishment of appropriate epigenetic marks in developing germ cells. Several studies have demonstrated the association between abnormal spermatogenesis and epigenetic disturbances with the major focus on DNA methylation. Imprinted genes are expressed in a parent-of-origin-specific manner, and the role of their DNA methylation in proper spermatogenesis has been documented recently...
March 15, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293170/an-insight-into-the-increasing-role-of-lncrnas-in-the-pathogenesis-of-gliomas
#6
REVIEW
Yuanliang Yan, Zhijie Xu, Zhi Li, Lunquan Sun, Zhicheng Gong
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are essential epigenetic regulators with critical roles in tumor initiation and malignant progression. However, the roles and mechanisms of aberrantly expressed lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of gliomas are not fully understood. With the development of deep sequencing analyses, an extensive amount of functional non-coding RNAs has been discovered in glioma tissues and cell lines. Additionally, the contributions of several lncRNAs, such as Hox transcript antisense intergenic RNA, H19 and Colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed, previously reported to be involved in other pathogenesis and processes to the oncogenesis of glioblastoma are currently addressed...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271527/the-role-of-lncrna-h19-in-gender-disparity-of-cholestatic-liver-injury-in-mdr2-mice
#7
Xiaojiaoyang Li, Runping Liu, Jing Yang, Lixin Sun, Luyong Zhang, Zhenzhou Jiang, Puneet Puri, Emily C Gurley, Guanhua Lai, Yuping Tang, Zhiming Huang, William M Pandak, Phillip B Hylemon, Huiping Zhou
The multi-drug resistance 2 knockout (Mdr2(-/-) ) mouse is a well-established model of cholestatic cholangiopathies. Female Mdr2(-/-) mice develop more severe hepatobiliary damage than male Mdr2(-/-) mice, which is correlated with a higher proportion of taurocholate (TCA) in bile. Although estrogen has been identified as an important player in intrahepatic cholestasis, the underlying molecular mechanisms of gender-based disparity of cholestatic injury remain unclear. The long non-coding RNA H19 is an imprinted, maternally expressed and estrogen-targeted gene, which is significantly induced in human fibrotic/cirrhotic liver and bile duct ligated mouse liver...
March 8, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267873/changes-in-ppar%C3%AE-expression-in-a-rat-model-of-stress-induced-depression
#8
Keng-Fan Liu, Yingxiao Li, Kai-Chung Cheng, Chao Chin Hsu, Juei-Tang Cheng, Wen-Huang Peng
Depression is a common mental disorder that has been linked to a decrease in the expression of serotonin and/or the serotonin transporter in the brain. Antidepressants that target the monoaminergic system are widely used in the clinical setting. PPARδ overexpression or activation is thought to improve depression-like behaviors in rodents. The present study was designed to characterize the changes in PPARδ expression in the hippocampus in rats with stress-induced depression. We used an unpredictable chronic mild stress (CMS) model in rats to study the role of PPARδ in the hippocampus...
March 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266684/dna-methylation-modulates-h19-and-igf2-expression-in-porcine-female-eye
#9
Dongxu Wang, Guodong Wang, Hao Yang, Haibo Liu, Cuie Li, Xiaolan Li, Chao Lin, Yuning Song, Zhanjun Li, Dianfeng Liu
The sexually dimorphic expression of H19/IGF2 is evolutionarily conserved. To investigate whether the expression of H19/IGF2 in the female porcine eye is sex-dependent, gene expression and methylation status were evaluated using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP). We hypothesized that H19/IGF2 might exhibit a different DNA methylation status in the female eye. In order to evaluate our hypothesis, parthenogenetic (PA) cells were used for analysis by qPCR and BSP. Our results showed that H19 and IGF2 were over-expressed in the female eye compared with the male eye (3-fold and 2-fold, respectively)...
March 6, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260796/association-between-well-characterized-lung-cancer-lncrna-polymorphisms-and-platinum-based-chemotherapy-toxicity-in-chinese-patients-with-lung-cancer
#10
Wei-Jing Gong, Jing-Bo Peng, Ji-Ye Yin, Xiang-Ping Li, Wei Zheng, Ling Xiao, Li-Ming Tan, Di Xiao, Yi-Xin Chen, Xi Li, Hong-Hao Zhou, Zhao-Qian Liu
Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard first-line treatment for most lung cancer patients. However, the toxicity induced by platinum-based chemotherapy greatly impedes its clinical use. Previous studies showed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) with over 200 nucleotides in length affect drug response and toxicity. In the present study, we investigated the association of well-characterized lung cancer lncRNA polymorphisms with platinum-based chemotherapy toxicity in Chinese patients with lung cancer. A total of 467 lung cancer patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy for at least two cycles were recruited...
March 6, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259006/ovarian-stimulation-perturbs-methylation-status-of-placental-imprinting-genes-and-reduces-blood-pressure-in-the-second-generation-offspring
#11
Gu-Feng Xu, Yun Liao, Jing-Yi Li, Yi-Feng Liu, Yun Huang, Yi-Qing Wu, Juan Liu, Ping-Ping Lv, Run-Jv Zhang, Dan Zhang
OBJECTIVE(S): Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is associated with DNA methylation dysfunction of offspring. However, it is unclear whether ovarian stimulation (OS) is responsible for DNA methylation dysfunction of offspring STUDY DESIGN: We built the first-generation (F1) and second-generation (F2) offspring mice model of ovarian stimulation. Bodyweight of F1 and F2 were measured. Expression levels of several imprinted genes (Impact, H19, Igf2, Plagl1, Mest, and Snrpn) in F1 placenta were tested...
February 20, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230721/the-interplay-of-lncrna-h19-and-its-binding-partners-in-physiological-process-and-gastric-carcinogenesis
#12
REVIEW
Li Zhang, Yuhang Zhou, Tingting Huang, Alfred S L Cheng, Jun Yu, Wei Kang, Ka Fai To
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), a novel and effective modulator in carcinogenesis, has become a study hotspot in recent years. The imprinted oncofetal lncRNA H19 is one of the first identified imprinted lncRNAs with a high expression level in embryogenesis but is barely detectable in most tissues after birth. Aberrant alterations of H19 expression have been demonstrated in various tumors, including gastric cancer (GC), implicating a crucial role of H19 in cancer progression. As one of the top malignancies in the world, GC has already become a serious concern to public health with poor prognosis...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219933/akt-signalling-as-a-mediator-of-cardiac-adaptation-to-low-birth-weight
#13
Kimberley Cw Wang, Kimberley J Botting, Song Zhang, Caroline McMillen, Doug A Brooks, Janna L Morrison
Intrauterine insults, such as poor nutrition and placental insufficiency, can alter cardiomyocyte development and this can have significant long-term implications for heart health. Consequently, epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight babies have an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease in adult life. In addition, intrauterine growth restriction can result in increased left ventricular hypertrophy, which is the strongest predictor for poor health outcomes in cardiac patients. The mechanisms responsible for these associations are not clear, but a suboptimal intrauterine environment can program alternative expression of genes such as cardiac IGF-2/H19, IGF-2R and AT1R through either an increase or decrease in DNA methylation or histone acetylation at specific loci...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214888/analysis-of-long-non-coding-rna-expression-of-lymphatic-endothelial-cells-in-response-to-type-2-diabetes
#14
Min Qi, Qiuhong Zhou, Weiqi Zeng, Minxue Shen, Xiaomin Liu, Chang Luo, Jing Long, Wangqing Chen, Jianglin Zhang, Siyu Yan
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has indicated that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, but nothing is known about lncRNA expression changes of lymphatic endothelial cells in response to type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The GSE38396 dataset was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database and the probe sets of Human Gnome U133 Plus2.0 microarray were annotated for lncRNA. Differentially expressed lncRNAs between diabetic and non-diabetic lymphatic endothelial cells were calculated...
January 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203482/long-non-coding-rna-h19-induces-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-activation-of-autophagy
#15
Jue Wang, Bin Cao, Dong Han, Miao Sun, Juan Feng
Long non-coding RNA H19 (lncRNA H19) was found to be upregulated by hypoxia, its expression and function have never been tested in cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study intended to investigate the role of lncRNA H19 and H19 gene variation in cerebral I/R injury with focusing on its relationship with autophagy activation. Cerebral I/R was induced in rats by middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion. SH-SY5Y cells were subjected to oxygen and glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R) to simulate I/R injury...
February 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189050/h19-overexpression-induces-resistance-to-1-25-oh-2d3-by-targeting-vdr-through-mir-675-5p-in-colon-cancer-cells
#16
Shanwen Chen, Dingfang Bu, Yuanyuan Ma, Jing Zhu, Guowei Chen, Lie Sun, Shuai Zuo, Tengyu Li, Yisheng Pan, Xin Wang, Yucun Liu, Pengyuan Wang
The long noncoding (lnc) RNA H19 was involved in the tumorigenesis of many types of cancer. However, the role of H19 in the tumorigenesis of colon cancer has not been fully illustrated. Recent studies suggested a potential relationship between H19 and vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling. Considering the pivotal role of VDR signaling in the colon epithelium both physiologically and pathologically, the correlation between H19 and VDR signaling may have an important role in the development of colon cancer. In this study, the correlation between H19 and vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling and the underlying mechanisms in colon cancer were investigated both in vitro and in vivo...
February 7, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187439/long-non-coding-rna-in-glioma-signaling-pathways
#17
REVIEW
Jia Shi, Bo Dong, Jiachao Cao, Yumin Mao, Wei Guan, Ya Peng, Suinuan Wang
Glioma is regarded as the most prevalent malignant carcinoma of the central nervous system. Thus, the development of new therapeutic strategies targeting glioma is of significant clinical importance. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are functional RNA molecules without a protein-coding function and are reportedly involved in the initiation and progression of glioma. Dysregulation of lncRNAs in glioma is due to activation of several signaling pathways, such as the BRD4-HOTAIR-β-catenin/PDCD4, p53-Hif-H19/IGF2 and CRNDE/mTOR pathways...
February 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165553/lncrna-h19-promotes-atherosclerosis-by-regulating-mapk-and-nf-kb-signaling-pathway
#18
J-X Pan
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is one of the leading causes of mortality in the world, which is a multistep cardiovascular disease promoted by several of risk factors. However, the detailed mechanism of atherosclerosis remained unclear. LncRNAs have been proved to play an important role in various of biological and pathological processes, but the role of lncRNA in atherosclerosis largely remained unidentified. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Blood sample were collected from 42 patients with atherosclerosis and 37 healthy volunteers...
January 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164117/the-lncrna-h19-promotes-cell-proliferation-by-competitively-binding-to-mir-200a-and-derepressing-%C3%AE-catenin-expression-in-colorectal-cancer
#19
Weiwei Yang, Ning Ning, Xiaoming Jin
H19, a paternally imprinted noncoding RNA, has been found to be overexpressed in various cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC), and may function as an oncogene. However, the mechanism by which H19 regulates CRC progression remains poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to assess H19 expression levels in CRC tissues, determine the effect of H19 on CRC proliferation, and explore the mechanism by which H19 regulates the proliferation of CRC. We measured H19 expression using qRT-PCR and analysed the effects of H19 on colon cancer cell proliferation via cell growth curve, cell viability assay, and colony formation assays...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159929/the-hotair-prncr1-and-polr2e-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis
#20
Haiyan Chu, Yaoyao Chen, Qinbo Yuan, Qiuhan Hua, Xu Zhang, Meilin Wang, Na Tong, Wei Zhang, Jinfei Chen, Zhengdong Zhang
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) have been widely studied and aberrant expression of lncRNAs are involved in diverse cancers. Genetic variation in lncRNAs can influence the lncRNAs expression and function. At present, there are many studies to investigate the association between lncRNAs polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility. However, it has no systematic study to evaluate the association. We performed a meta-analysis to summarize the results of common lncRNAs (HOTAIR, PRNCR1, POLR2E and H19) polymorphisms on cancer risk, by using the random-effect model to obtain the odds ratio (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI)...
January 31, 2017: Oncotarget
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