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Technique nipple sparing

Koichi Tomita, Kenji Yano, Akimitsu Nishibayashi, Shien Seike, Ko Hosokawa
BACKGROUND: When the inframammary fold (IMF) is excised in mastectomy procedures for oncologic reasons, it must be recreated to restore a natural breast shape. Despite refinements in surgical techniques, postoperative loss of a well-defined IMF can occur. This study aimed to assess the outcomes of IMF recreation after two-stage, implant-based breast reconstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 75 consecutive patients who underwent unilateral, two-stage, implant-based breast reconstruction between 2013 and 2015 at the authors' institution...
2016: SpringerPlus
Ronald K Downs, Kellee Hedges
BACKGROUND: The practice of breast reconstruction continues to evolve with the introduction of new technologies. The authors describe a unique approach allowing immediate direct-to-implant reconstruction that can be performed on an outpatient basis. METHODS: After a nipple-sparing mastectomy, acellular dermal matrix (ADM)-covered implants are placed in a prepectoral position in an immediate reconstruction. Assessment of results was performed via a retrospective review of demographic and procedural data...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Mihye Choi, Jordan D Frey, Michael Alperovich, Jamie P Levine, Nolan S Karp
BACKGROUND: Nipple-sparing mastectomy with immediate, permanent implant reconstruction offers patients a prosthetic "breast in a day" compared to tissue expander techniques requiring multiple procedures. METHODS: Patients undergoing nipple-sparing mastectomy with immediate, permanent implant reconstruction were reviewed with patient demographics and outcomes analyzed. RESULTS: Of 842 nipple-sparing mastectomies from 2006 to June of 2015, 160 (19...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Tina J Hieken, Susan K Boolbol, Jill R Dietz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Cory A Donovan, Attiya P Harit, Alice Chung, Jean Bao, Armando E Giuliano, Farin Amersi
BACKGROUND: While nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) for the treatment of breast cancer is becoming more accepted, technical aspects are still evolving. Data regarding risk factors contributing to complications after NSM are limited. This study evaluated technical aspects on outcomes of NSM. METHODS: Review of our database identified 201 patients who had NSM during the period from January 2012 to June 2015. We compared the effect of operative techniques on surgical outcomes...
October 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Josie Todd
Cowden syndrome, a rare genetic disorder estimated to occur in 1 in 200,000 live births and inherited as an autosomal dominant mutation in PTEN gene, is part of the PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome. These patients are at risk of breast cancer, as well as cancers of the digestive tract, thyroid, uterus and ovaries. Often identified by their dentist due to characteristic papillomatosis in the gingival mucosa, they have an estimated lifetime risk of up to 81% of developing breast cancer. This article describes a relatively uncommon procedure of bi-pedicle nipple-sparing mastectomy, a modified Letterman technique, used in the setting of immediate implant based reconstruction in a patient with Cowden syndrome...
June 2016: Gland Surgery
Briar L Dent, Jerry W Chao, Daniel J Eden, Benjamin V Stone, Alexander Swistel, Mia Talmor
BACKGROUND: Occult nipple malignancy is detected in 0% to 58% of attempted nipple-sparing mastectomies (NSM), prompting excision of the nipple. We report our experience with nipple resection following attempted NSM and our outcomes with subsequent nipple reconstruction. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was performed of attempted NSM cases with immediate implant-based reconstruction from July 2006 to April 2015. Patients who underwent nipple excision were identified...
March 24, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Deniz Dayicioglu, Rose Trotta, Corin Agoris, Ambuj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with tissue expander reconstruction is a widely used technique that can produce aesthetically pleasing reconstruction results after mastectomy. Nipple position and healthy mastectomy flaps with good vascularity are important determinants of an adequate aesthetic final result. An initial high fill volume of the expander can produce a more natural breast mound appearance postoperatively. However, this can often lead to ischemia with loss of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC)...
June 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Giuseppe Catanuto, Nicola Rocco, Maurizio Bruno Nava
We present some clinical advice to drive the decision process in performing conservative mastectomies. Several factors are taken into consideration to indicate these techniques. First of all, we need to identify patients who need a mastectomy due to the extension of the disease. In this case we suggest assessing patients anthropometric characteristics (breast volume-ptosis), and personal preferences regarding the extension of surgical treatment. Small, medium size, without ptosis or with moderate ptosis can be better served by standard nipple-sparing mastectomy...
February 2016: Gland Surgery
Roberto Orecchia
Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) is a surgical procedure designed to reduce the disabling psychological effects of radical mastectomy. The preservation of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) produces a better result of the breast reconstruction, but some concerns exist of increasing the risk for local recurrence (LR). To reduce this risk a restricted inclusion criteria is suggested. In case of patients with high or intermediate risk the use of radiation therapy (RT) is also recommended, but a current standard for radiation after NSM is not available...
February 2016: Gland Surgery
Aidan T Manning, Virgilio S Sacchini
Demand for conservative mastectomies continues to increase as more patients choose to undergo breast reconstruction, often with simultaneous contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM). In addition, the increasing use of risk-reducing surgery in high-risk groups has contributed to the increased use of these techniques. We have reviewed the indications and outcomes of a large group of patients undergoing nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) at this institution. In total, 728 nipple-sparing mastectomies (NSMs) were performed in 413 patients between 2000 and 2013, for treatment of breast cancer (n=269) or risk reduction (n=459)...
February 2016: Gland Surgery
John R Benson, Dorin Dumitru, Charles M Malata
Conservative mastectomy is a form of nipple-sparing mastectomy which is emerging as a surgical option for selected breast cancer patients. This technique differs from subcutaneous mastectomy which is well established as a technique for risk reduction but leaves behind a finite remnant of retro-areolar breast tissue. Clinical trials have confirmed the efficacy and safety of breast conservation therapy for smaller localised breast tumors whereby a variable amount of surrounding normal tissue is excised with administration of breast radiotherapy post-operatively...
February 2016: Gland Surgery
Luigi Annacontini, Francesco Ciancio, Domenico Parisi, Alessandro Innocenti, Aurelio Portincasa
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECCTIVES: Venous congestion of the NAC (Nipple-Areola Complex) is not an uncommon complication of Skin-Reducing Mastectomy (SRM). The correct and prompt evaluation of the NAC's vitality in the first hours after surgery is important for the survival of the same, in fact the possibility of early intervention allows avoiding the use of invasive and radicals techniques to the advantage of simpler rapid procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DM, 57yr, multiple invasive ductal carcinoma of the right breast, underwent a SRM and immediate reconstruction with implant in August 2014 In the immediate post-operative appeared a venous stasis of the NAC...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
G Franceschini, A Martin Sanchez, A Di Leone, S Magno, F Moschella, C Accetta, R Masetti
The surgical management of breast cancer has undergone continuous and profound changes over the last 40 years. The evolution from aggressive and mutilating treatment to conservative approach has been long, but constant, despite the controversies that appeared every time a new procedure came to light. Today, the aesthetic satisfaction of breast cancer patients coupled with the oncological safety is the goal of the modern breast surgeon. Breast-conserving surgery with adjuvant radiotherapy is considered the gold standard approach for patients with early stage breast cancer and the recent introduction of "oncoplastic techniques" has furtherly increased the use of breast-conserving procedures...
July 2015: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Eduardo G González, Alberto O Rancati
The surgical treatment of breast cancer has evolved rapidly in recent decades. Conservative treatment was adopted in the late 1970s, with rates above 70%, and this was followed by a period during which the indications for surgical intervention were expanded to those patients at high risk for BRCA1, BRCA2 mutations, and also due to new staging standards and use of nuclear magnetic resonance. This increase in the indications for mastectomy coincided with the availability of immediate breast reconstruction as an oncologically safe and important surgical procedure for prevention of sequelae...
December 2015: Gland Surgery
Camilla Rossi, Matteo Mingozzi, Annalisa Curcio, Federico Buggi, Secondo Folli
Breast conservative therapy (BCT) is established as a safe option for most women with early breast cancer (BC). The best conservative mastectomy that can be performed, when mastectomy is unavoidable, is nipple-areola-complex sparing mastectomy (NSM), which allows the complete glandular dissection preserving the skin envelope and the nipple areola complex. In the treatment of BC, the cosmetic outcomes have become fundamental goals, as well as oncologic control. NSM is nowadays considered an alternative technique to improve the overall quality of life for women allowing excellent cosmetic results because it provides a natural appearing breast...
December 2015: Gland Surgery
Nicola Rocco, Giuseppe Catanuto, Maurizio Bruno Nava
INTRODUCTION: Besides the diffusion of breast reconstructive techniques, several "conservative" approaches in mastectomy have been developed, in order to perform an immediate reconstruction with better aesthetic results: the skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM), the nipple-areola complex (NAC)-sparing mastectomy (NSM) and the skin-reducing mastectomy (SRM). During the last decade, SSMs and NSMs have gained widespread acceptance and are currently considered standard treatment for early breast cancer...
December 2015: Gland Surgery
Victorien M T van Verschuer, Marike C Maijers, Carolien H M van Deurzen, Linetta B Koppert
Women with a BRCA1/2 gene mutation and others with a high breast cancer risk may opt for bilateral prophylactic mastectomy. To allow for immediate breast reconstruction the skin envelope is left in situ with or without the nipple-areola complex (NAC). Although possibly leading to a more natural aesthetic outcome than the conventional total mastectomy, so-called skin-sparing mastectomies (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomies (NSM) may leave some breast glandular tissue in situ. The oncological risk associated with remaining breast glandular tissue is unclear...
December 2015: Gland Surgery
Alexander Govshievich, Ron B Somogyi, Mitchell H Brown
BACKGROUND: In recent years, a novel approach to immediate breast reconstruction has been introduced with the advent of acellular dermal matrix (ADM). In the setting of conservative mastectomies where the native skin envelope is preserved, placement of ADM at the lower pole in continuity with the pectoralis major muscle (PMM) provides additional support, allowing direct-to-implant breast reconstruction. The following manuscript presents the senior author's experience with ADM-assisted reconstruction and provides a detailed description of surgical technique along with a comprehensive discussion of patient selection and potential complications...
December 2015: Gland Surgery
Ji Hong Yim, Taik Jong Lee
BACKGROUND: The inverted nipple is a relatively common aesthetic problem seen by plastic surgeons. The etiologies of an inverted nipple include insufficiency of supporting tissues, hypoplasia of the lactiferous ducts, and retraction caused by fibrous bands at the base of the nipple. Many different surgical techniques have been described, either individually or in combination, but none represents a landmark strategy. In our present study, we report our experience of spontaneous improvement immediately after nipple-sparing mastectomy with simple buried interrupted sutures to maintain nipple base in inverted nipple patients...
August 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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