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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822053/colorectal-cancer-patient-s-self-efficacy-for-managing-illness-related-problems-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-after-diagnosis-results-from-the-colorectal-well-being-crew-study
#1
Chloe Grimmett, Joanne Haviland, Jane Winter, Lynn Calman, Amy Din, Alison Richardson, Peter W F Smith, Claire Foster
PURPOSE: There is a growing emphasis on self-management of cancer aftercare. Little is known about patient's self-efficacy (confidence) to manage illness-related problems and how this changes over time. This paper describes the patterns of self-efficacy for managing illness-related problems amongst colorectal cancer patients in the 2 years following diagnosis. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, questionnaires were administered at baseline (pre-surgery), 3, 9, 15 and 24 months to 872 colorectal cancer patients...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822052/bariatric-surgery-worldwide-baseline-demographic-description-and-one-year-outcomes-from-the-second-ifso-global-registry-report-2013-2015
#2
Richard Welbourn, Dimitri J Pournaras, John Dixon, Kelvin Higa, Robin Kinsman, Johan Ottosson, Almino Ramos, Bart van Wagensveld, Peter Walton, Rudolf Weiner, Natan Zundel
BACKGROUND: Five International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO) surveys since 1998 have estimated the volume and type of bariatric surgery being done in constituent member countries. These reports did not include baseline demographic descriptions. METHODS: An IFSO Global Registry pilot project in 2014 demonstrated that it was possible to amalgamate large numbers of individual patient data from different local and national database systems...
August 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821988/presentation-and-management-of-symptomatic-central-bone-cement-embolization
#3
Ahmed Samir Barakat, Tamer Owais, Mohamed Alhashash, Mootaz Shousha, Hesham El Saghir, Bernward Lauer, Heinrich Boehm
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: With more cement augmentation procedures done, the occurrence of serious complications is also expected to rise. Symptomatic central cement embolization is a rare but very serious complication. Moreover, the pathophysiology and treatment of intrathoracic cement embolism remain controversial. PURPOSE: In this case series, we are trying to identify various presentations and suggest our emergent management scheme for symptomatic central cement embolization...
August 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821646/location-of-the-mesopontine-neurons-responsible-for-maintanance-of-anesthetic-loss-of-consciousness
#4
Anne Minert, Shai-Lee Yatziv, Marshall Devor
The transition from wakefulness to general anesthesia is widely attributed to suppressive actions of anesthetic molecules distributed by the systemic circulation to the cerebral cortex (for amnesia and loss-of-consciousness) and to the spinal cord (for atonia and antinociception). An alternative hypothesis proposes that anesthetics act on one or more brainstem or diencephalic nuclei, with suppression of cortex and spinal cord mediated by dedicated axonal pathways. We previously documented induction of an anesthesia-like state in rats by microinjection of small amounts of GABAA-R agonists into an upper brainstem region named the mesopontine tegmental anesthesia area(MPTA)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821515/does-the-person-s-context-influence-engagement-in-life-activities-following-primary-knee-replacement-results-from-a-canadian-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Aileen M Davis, Viji Venkataramanan, Jessica Bytautas-Sillanpää, Anthony V Perruccio, Rosalind Wong, Lisa Carlesso, Fiona Webster
OBJECTIVE: The impact of the context of a person's life on recovery from surgical interventions is not well understood. This study evaluated if people's social, environmental and biomedical context was associated with change in frequency in engagement in life activities after total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: 418 people aged 30+ years who had TKR were followed presurgery to 1 year postsurgery. The outcome was change in frequency in engagement in life activities measured by the Late Life Disability Index (LLDI)...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821424/the-effect-of-postsurgical-pain-on-attentional-processing-in-horses
#6
Louise Dodds, Laura Knight, Kate Allen, Joanna Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of postsurgical pain on the performance of horses in a novel object and auditory startle task. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty horses undergoing different types of surgery and 16 control horses that did not undergo surgery. METHODS: The interaction of 36 horses with novel objects and a response to an auditory stimulus were measured at two time points; the day before surgery (T1) and the day after surgery (T2) for surgical horses (G1), and at a similar time interval for control horses (G2)...
May 5, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820949/association-between-patient-factors-and-outcome-of-synthetic-cartilage-implant-hemiarthroplasty-vs-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-in-advanced-hallux-rigidus
#7
Andy Goldberg, Dishan Singh, Mark Glazebrook, Chris M Blundell, Gwyneth De Vries, Ian L D Le, Dominic Nielsen, M Elizabeth Pedersen, Anthony Sakellariou, Matthew Solan, Alastair S E Younger, Timothy R Daniels, Judith F Baumhauer
BACKGROUND: We evaluated data from a clinical trial of first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ1) implant hemiarthroplasty and arthrodesis to determine the association between patient factors and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients ≥18 years with hallux rigidus grade 2, 3, or 4 were treated with synthetic cartilage implant MTPJ1 hemiarthroplasty or arthrodesis. Pain visual analog scale (VAS), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) sports and activities of daily living (ADL) scores, and Short Form-36 Physical Function (SF-36 PF) subscore were obtained preoperatively, and at 2, 6, 12, 24, 52, and 104 weeks postoperatively...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820803/perioperative-breast-analgesia-a-qualitative-review-of-anatomy-and-regional-techniques
#8
Glenn E Woodworth, Ryan M J Ivie, Sylvia M Nelson, Cameron M Walker, Robert B Maniker
Breast surgery is exceedingly common and may result in significant acute as well as chronic pain. Numerous options exist for the control of perioperative breast pain, including several newly described regional anesthesia techniques, but anesthesiologists have an insufficient understanding of the anatomy of the breast, the anatomic structures disrupted by the various breast surgeries, and the theoretical and experimental evidence supporting the use of the various analgesic options. In this article, we review the anatomy of the breast, common breast surgeries and their potential anatomic sources of pain, and analgesic techniques for managing perioperative pain...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820799/regional-anesthesia-and-analgesia-after-surgery-in-icu
#9
Mathieu Capdevila, Séverin Ramin, Xavier Capdevila
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim is to demonstrate that ICU physicians should play a pivotal role in developing regional anesthesia techniques that are underused in critically ill patients despite the proven facts in perioperative and long-term pain, organ dysfunction, and postsurgery patient health-related quality of life improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: Regional anesthesia and/or analgesia strategies in ICU reduce the surgical and trauma-stress response in surgical patients as well as complications incidence...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820272/a-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-after-unilateral-or-bilateral-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-age-and-sex-matched-cohort-study
#10
Benjamin D Kuhns, Charles P Hannon, Eric C Makhni, Jennifer Alter, Richard C Mather, Michael J Salata, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) have bilateral deformities and may require surgery for both hips. PURPOSE: To compare outcomes between patients who underwent bilateral hip arthroscopic surgery to a matched cohort of patients who underwent unilateral hip arthroscopic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopic surgery for FAI by a single fellowship-trained surgeon from January 2012 to January 2014 and had a minimum follow-up of 2 years were evaluated...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819932/twice-daily-vs-once-daily-dosing-with-0-075-bromfenac-in-durasite-outcomes-from-a-14-day-phase-2-study
#11
William Trattler, Kamran Hosseini
INTRODUCTION: Bromfenac is a well-known topical ophthalmic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commercialized in the USA and other regions of the world. A new formulation, 0.075% bromfenac in DuraSite®, was developed to treat postoperative inflammation and reduce pain in patients who have undergone cataract surgery. We hypothesized that efficacy and safety would be enhanced with twice-daily (BID) dosing compared to once-daily (QD) dosing. METHODS: This was a multicenter, double-masked, comparative study in which 40 and 45 subjects were randomized to groups receiving BID dosing and QD dosing, respectively...
August 17, 2017: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819611/acute-stress-fracture-of-the-pelvis-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#12
Oluwaseun Akinbo, Vineet Tyagi
INTRODUCTION: Acute hip pain following total hip arthroplasty (THA) could have numerous causes to include stress fracture of the pelvis. Stress fractures of the pelvis are rare and have been reported to involve the medial wall and the pubic ramus. A unique case is presented demonstrating the clinical presentation and management of an acute stress fracture of ilium and anterior column following a THA. CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old man underwent an uncomplicated right THA...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819592/insufficiency-fractures-of-the-distal-tibia-and-fibula-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#13
Ryu Kojima, Toshiki Miura, Eisei Fukatani
INTRODUCTION: Although periprosthetic fractures of the femur have been well documented, insufficiency fractures following total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been rarely described. We report a case of an insufficiency fracture in the distal tibia and fibula that occurred after THA. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old woman presented with severe pain in the bilateral hip joints and was diagnosed with end-stage osteoarthritis. She underwent THA on the right side. Although the postoperative course was uneventful, she suddenly experienced severe pain and swelling in the right leg without any history of trauma 22 weeks after the surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819591/aggressive-vertebral-body-hemangioma-causing-compressive-myelopathy-two-case-reports
#14
Denver Steven Pinto, V Ravi Hoisala, Pavan Gupta, Parthasarathy Sarkar
INTRODUCTION: Hemangiomas are benign tumors characterized by proliferation of blood vessels. A few hemangiomas are aggressive, characterized by bone expansion and extraosseous extension. These benign tumors may be mistaken for metatasis resulting in unnecessary biopsies, which have a high risk of hemorrhage. These hemangiomas can spread not just into the paraspinal soft tissues but also into the epidural region of the spinal canal causing cord compression and paraparesis. These clinical symptoms can be relieved by surgical decompression of the posterior elements, embolization or radiotherapy...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819506/-parathyroid-carcinoma-about-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Naourez Kolsi, Sondos Jellali, Jamel Koubaa
Parathyroid carcinoma is a very rare malignant tumor of the parathyroid gland. Clinically, this cancer is characterized by the presence of severe primary hyperparathyroidism. Diagnosis is based on histological examination but is not always easy. Surgery is the treatment of choice. We report the case of a 59-year old woman with a personal history of arterial hypertension and of recurrent renal lithiasis, presenting with diffuse bone pain associated with asthenia. Neck examination showed hard basi-cervical swelling with nonpalpable lower edge...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819343/mid-term-migration-of-a-cementless-porous-acetabular-cup-a-5%C3%A2-year-radiostereometric-analysis
#16
Kjell G Nilsson, Annika Theodoulou, Graham Mercer, Stephen J Quinn, Jeganath Krishnan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine the 5 year migratory and wear patterns, adverse events and clinical outcomes of a cementless, porous acetabular cup. METHODS: RSA imaging of a cohort of 11 patients was retrospective analysed at 5 years post Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). Changes in pain, function and symptoms of the hip at 5 years post-THA were compared to preoperative and 2 year postoperative assessments on the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and Hip dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS)...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819341/reliability-of-the-acetabular-reconstruction-technique-using-autogenous-bone-graft-from-resected-femoral-head-in-hip-dysplasia-influence-of-the-change-of-hip-joint-center-on-clinical-outcome
#17
Joo Ho Song, Tae Soo Ahn, Pil Whan Yoon, Jae Suk Chang
INTRODUCTION: The previous studies have not reached on consensus as to the outcome of acetabular reconstruction with autogenous bone graft for dysplastic hips, especially in severe cases such as Crowe type IV. The current study aimed to determine the survivorship of the arthroplasty and the grafts as well as the change of hip joint center averagely 9.8 years (range, 5-19) after cementless total hip arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 52 cases including 19 cases of complete hip dislocation of which acetabular defects were augmented with autogenous bone grafts taken from the resected femoral heads...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818674/effects-of-electroacupuncture-administered-24hours-prior-to-surgery-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-and-pain-in-patients-undergoing-gynecologic-laparoscopic-surgery-a-feasibility-study
#18
Sha Li, Man Zheng, Wenzhong Wu, Jie Guo, Fangbin Ji, Zhen Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of preoperative electroacupuncture (EA), delivered 24hours before surgery, on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and postoperative pain in patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 40 patients scheduled for elective gynecologic laparoscopic surgery were randomly assigned to the usual care (UC) group and the EA group (n = 20 each)...
June 30, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818334/the-use-of-acupuncture-in-first-aid-of-burns-clinical-report
#19
A Loskotova, J Loskotova
Burns are a very painful skin injury, or injury of soft tissues. The development of post-traumatic stress disorder can develop, even in those with minor injuries (Ia-IIb degree). Development of problems is very rapid and intense since, according to developmental embryology, the skin and central nervous system (CNS) descend from the same germ layer-ectoderm. This clinical report presents the results acquired from the data of 1008 patients suffering from burns treated by the acupuncture (ACU)-from 1983-2015 in the surgery ward of the hospital in Vysoke Myto in the Czech Republic...
August 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818047/second-opinion-for-degenerative-spinal-conditions-an-option-or-a-necessity-a-prospective-observational-study
#20
Mario Lenza, Rachelle Buchbinder, Margaret P Staples, Oscar F P Dos Santos, Reynaldo A Brandt, Claudio L Lottenberg, Miguel Cendoroglo, Mario Ferretti
BACKGROUND: Second opinions may improve quality of patient care. The primary objective of this study was to determine the concordance between first and second diagnoses and opinions regarding need for spinal surgery among patients with back or neck pain that have been recommended spinal surgery. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study of patients who had been recommended for spinal surgery and received a second opinion between May 2011 and May 2012 at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein on the advice of their health insurance company...
August 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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