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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918617/right-ventricular-thrombosis-combined-with-fetal-death-and-acrocyanosis-in-pregnancy
#1
Feridoun Sabzi, Aghigh Heidari
Prepartum or postpartum right ventricular thrombosis (RVT) is an exceedingly rare and potentially lethal phenomenon in pregnancy. We here report a case of a pregnant patient with near term pregnancy admitted for dyspnea, amniotic fluids discharge and labor pain in a gynecology center that an eight-month dead fetus was diagnosed and delivered vaginally by induction. A post delivery period was complicated by aggravation of her dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain that she referred for further evaluation in our cardiac center...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916783/differential-regulation-of-vaginal-lipocalins-obp-mup-during-the-estrous-cycle-of-the-house-mouse
#2
Martina Černá, Barbora Kuntová, Pavel Talacko, Romana Stopková, Pavel Stopka
Female house mice produce pheromone-carrying major urinary proteins (MUPs) in a cycling manner, thus reaching the maximum urinary production just before ovulation. This is thought to occur to advertise the time of ovulation via deposited urine marks. This study aimed to characterize the protein content from the house mouse vaginal flushes to detect putative vaginal-advertising molecules for a direct identification of reproductive states. Here we show that the mouse vaginal discharge contains lipocalins including those from the odorant binding (OBP) and major urinary (MUP) protein families...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915869/frequency-and-genotypes-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-patients-attending-the-obstetrics-and-gynecology-clinics-in-jalisco-mexico-and-correlation-with-sociodemographic-behavioral-and-biological-factors
#3
Néstor Casillas-Vega, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Santos García, Jorge Llaca-Díaz, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Ma de la Merced Ayala-Castellanos, Héctor J Maldonado-Garza, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Guadalupe Gallegos-Ávila, Alberto Niderhauser-García, Elvira Garza-González
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and genotypes of C. trachomatis in patients attending an obstetrics and gynecology clinic in Jalisco, Mexico and correlates them with sociodemographic, behavioral, and biological factors. METHODS: C. trachomatis detection was performed in endocervical samples from 662 patients by direct fluorescence assay (DFA) and two PCR assays that amplified the phospholipase D endonuclease superfamily protein (PLDESP) and OmpA genes...
September 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914703/length-of-catheter-use-after-hysterectomy-as-a-risk-factor-for-urinary-tract-infection
#4
Natalie E Karp, Emily K Kobernik, Neil S Kamdar, Amanda M Fore, Daniel M Morgan
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the effect of length of postoperative catheterization on risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) and to identify risk factors for postoperative UTI. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study. Demographic and perioperative data, including duration of indwelling catheter use and postoperative occurrence of UTI within 30 days of surgery, were analyzed for hysterectomies using the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative database...
September 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913117/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-transobturator-tape-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-using-urodynamics-and-questionnaires
#5
Cihan Aygül, Ramazan Özyurt, Bulat Aytek Şık, Serkan Kumbasar
OBJECTIVE: To measure the efficiency of transobturator tape (TOT) surgery using urodynamics and questionnaires in stress urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-two patients with stress and mixed urinary incontinency who underwent TOT surgery were selected for the study. We retrospectively examined the patients' urodynamics, ultrasonography, demographic characteristics, incontinency surveys, life quality scores [incontinence impact questionnaire, (IQ-7) and urinary distress inventory (UDI-6)], diagnostic findings, Q-type test, surgical records, and complications...
December 2016: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903871/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-transition-period-diseases-in-grazing-dairy-cows-in-brazil
#6
Rolnei R Daros, Maria J Hötzel, Jose A Bran, Stephen J LeBlanc, Marina A G von Keyserlingk
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe the incidence risk of dystocia, retained placenta (RP), pathological recumbence (down cow), the prevalence of metritis and subclinical ketosis (SCK), and the risk factors for SCK, metritis, and RP in grazing dairy herds in Southern Brazil. Fifty-three herds were visited 2-6 times from February to October of 2015. Body condition score (BCS), breed, days in milk (DIM), parity and disease status were recorded for each cow that was between 3 and 21 DIM at the time of the visits...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898797/scarless-surgery-for-a-huge-liver-cyst-a-case-report
#7
Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Jun Kawachi, Naoko Isogai, Masanori Ishii, Katsunori Miyake, Rai Shimoyama, Ryota Fukai, Hidemitsu Ogino
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic or complicated liver cysts sometimes require surgical intervention and laparoscopic fenestration is the definitive treatment for these cysts. We performed minimally invasive surgery, hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) without scarring, for a huge liver cyst. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 82-year-old female presented with a month-long history of right upper abdominal pain. We diagnosed her condition as a huge liver cyst by morphological studies...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889719/-two-cases-of-urethral-clear-cell-adenocarcinoma-with-suspected-recurrence-of-uterine-cancer
#8
Masato Okuno, Yuji Kusuda, Isao Taguchi, Gaku Kawabata
Herein, we report two cases of urethral clear cell carcinoma in two patients who had previously undergone radical hysterectomyfor utetine cancer. Case 1 presented with bloodyvaginal discharge and case 2 presented with acute urinaryretention. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a periurethral tumor in both cases. Both cases were suspected to be recurrence at first. However, pathological findings of the transurethral resection-biopsyshowed clear cell adenocarcinoma in both cases. Subsequentlyradical cystourethrectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy were performed in both cases...
August 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885339/role-of-chemotherapy-and-thrombolysis-in-treatment-of-choriocarcinoma-accompanied-with-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report-with-literature-review
#9
Mei Yang, Li Peng
RATIONALE: Choriocarcinoma accompanied with pulmonary embolism (PE) is rare and difficult to diagnose and treat. There are about 25 cases reported in literature, which presented variable clinical characteristics and prognosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported a case of choriocarcinoma presenting PE as the first manifestation in a 26-year-old Chinese female. DIAGNOSES: Four months before her admission to our hospital, she presented to a local hospital with respiratory manifestations, and was first diagnosed as bronchitis and treated with antibiotics without improvement, and subsequently suspected of having pulmonary tuberculosis and receive anti-tuberculosis therapy, with no response...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877667/vaginal-delivery-how-does-early-hospital-discharge-affect-mother-and-child-outcomes-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Nadia Benahmed, Lorena San Miguel, Carl Devos, Nicolas Fairon, Wendy Christiaens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867602/a-phase-3-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-single-oral-doses-of-secnidazole-2-g-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-bacterial-vaginosis
#11
Jane R Schwebke, Franklin G Morgan, William Koltun, Paul Nyirjesy
BACKGROUND: A novel single oral dose granule formulation of secnidazole 2 g, a 5-nitroimidazole with a longer half-life (∼17 hours) than metronidazole (∼8 hours), is being developed to treat bacterial vaginosis (BV). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of single-dose secnidazole 2 g compared to placebo for the treatment of women with BV. STUDY DESIGN: 189 women with BV were randomized 2:1 to receive a single oral dose of secnidazole 2 g (N=125) or matched placebo (N=64) at 21 centers in the US...
August 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864699/uterine-balloon-tamponade-as-an-adjunct-to-misoprostol-for-the-treatment-of-uncontrolled-postpartum-haemorrhage-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-benin-and-mali
#12
Alexandre Dumont, Cécile Bodin, Benjamin Hounkpatin, Thomas Popowski, Mamadou Traoré, René Perrin, Patrick Rozenberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of low-cost uterine tamponade as an adjunct to misoprostol for the treatment of uncontrolled postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in low-resource settings. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Seven healthcare facilities in Cotonou, Benin and Bamako, Mali. POPULATION: Women delivering vaginally who had clinically diagnosed PPH that was suspected to be due to uterine atony, who were unresponsive to oxytocin and who needed additional uterotonics...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852249/where-lies-the-fault-in-diagnosing-dhat-syndrome-among-females-understanding-through-a-case-study
#13
Sujita Kumar Kar, Amit Singh
Dhat syndrome is a culture-bound syndrome of South-East Asia, common in young men. However, similar entity has also been described in female patients who attribute their symptoms to nonpathological or physiological vaginal discharge. The current diagnostic system for psychiatric illnesses does not encompass Dhat syndrome in females, and so these group of patients receive alternative diagnoses such as somatoform disorder or depression. As a result of which the focus of unique Dhat syndrome-centered management gets weakened, affecting the clinical outcome...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838352/syndromic-management-of-sexually-transmissible-infections-in-resource-poor-settings-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-the-abnormal-vaginal-discharge-flowchart-for-neisseria-gonorrhoea-and-chlamydia-trachomatis
#14
Caroline van Gemert, Margaret Hellard, Catriona S Bradshaw, Freya J I Fowkes, Paul A Agius, Mark Stoove, Catherine M Bennett
Background: Syndromic management of sexually transmissible infections is commonly used in resource-poor settings for the management of common STIs; abnormal vaginal discharge (AVD) flowcharts are used to identify and treat cervical infection including Neisseria gonorrhoea and Chlamydia trachomatis. A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to measure the diagnostic test performance of AVD flowcharts, including both World Health Organization (WHO)- and locally-adapted AVD flowcharts. Methods: A systematic search of multiple electronic databases was conducted to locate eligible studies published between 1991 and 2014...
August 25, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833337/maternal-body-mass-index-and-regional-anaesthesia-use-at-term-prevalence-and-complications
#15
Frances M Biel, Nicole E Marshall, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: There is an evidence gap regarding the use of regional anaesthesia (epidural, spinal, or combined epidural/spinal anaesthesia) and associated complications by maternal body mass index (BMI). We examine associations between regional anaesthesia, mode of delivery, and regional anaesthesia complications by pre-pregnancy BMI categories among term deliveries. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of births in California, 2007-2010, utilizing linked birth certificate data and patient discharge data...
August 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827990/amoxycillin-and-clavulanic-acid-induced-stevens-johnson-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
Maheen Zaidi, Syeda Kashaf Zaidi, Moomal Bhutto, Mohammad Yasir Umer
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an immune mediated hypersensitivity reaction. Significant involvement of oral, nasal, eye, vaginal, urethral, GI and lower respiratory tract mucous membrane may develop. It is usually a reaction due to a medication or due to an infection. In 95 % of case reports, drugs were found to be an important cause for the development of SJS. In this case report, a 32 year old female reported chief complaint of itch skin eruptions all over the body along with erosive lesions on tongue, lips, buccal mucosa and genital mucosa...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822772/differentiation-of-candida-albicans-candida-glabrata-and-candida-krusei-by-ft-ir-and-chemometrics-by-chromagar%C3%A2-candida
#17
Denise Wohlmeister, Débora Renz Barreto Vianna, Virginia Etges Helfer, Luciane Noal Calil, Andréia Buffon, Alexandre Meneghello Fuentefria, Valeriano Antonio Corbellini, Diogo André Pilger
Pathogenic Candida species are detected in clinical infections. CHROMagar™ is a phenotypical method used to identify Candida species, although it has limitations, which indicates the need for more sensitive and specific techniques. Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) is an analytical vibrational technique used to identify patterns of metabolic fingerprint of biological matrixes, particularly whole microbial cell systems as Candida sp. in association of classificatory chemometrics algorithms. On the other hand, Soft Independent Modeling by Class Analogy (SIMCA) is one of the typical algorithms still little employed in microbiological classification...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822629/acute-intrapartum-rupture-of-the-pubic-symphysis-requiring-resuscitation-and-surgical-intervention-a-case-report
#18
Marie Buitendyk, Barbara Brennan, Parag Vora, Patricia Smith, Stephanie Winsor
BACKGROUND: Pubic symphysis rupture significant enough to cause serious complications or require surgical intervention is exceedingly rare. Here we review the literature and examine the details of a unique presentation. CASE: A 27-year-old woman presented in labour at 34+6 weeks gestation after an uncomplicated monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancy. After vaginal delivery, she developed a substantial labial hematoma. Hours later, she became hemodynamically unstable...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818583/timing-of-fertile-period-for-successful-pregnancy-in-american-bully-dogs
#19
Sang-Eun Hahn, Young-Kwang Jo, Yun-Kyong Jin, Goo Jang
Determination of the timing of the estrus cycle is essential for fertile mating. There are physiological variations among breeds, between bitches, and between cycles of the same bitch. If serial monitoring and many tools are applied, the exact moment of ovulation could be pin-pointed. However, it leads to time and costly difficulties. Progesterone concentrations during estrus cycles follow a specific pattern, and it is largely used in timing of fertile period. Although it has similar pattern in general, it is likely that breed-specific differences exist...
July 26, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815849/molecular-aspects-of-uterine-diseases-in-dogs
#20
REVIEW
R Hagman
Uterine diseases are common in dogs, particularly in countries where elective spaying is not usually performed. The associated clinical illnesses may be of varying degree ranging from merely decreased fertility to a critical pyometra requiring intensive care to survive. The diagnosis of some uterine diseases is generally uncomplicated, such as in a classic pyometra presenting with enlarged, fluid-filled uterus, purulent vaginal discharge and characteristic signs of illness or in other disorders associated with uterine enlargement...
August 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
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