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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550430/robotic-transabdominal-cerclage-a-case-series-illustrating-costs
#1
Rebecca Lee, David Biats, Melissa Mancuso
The incidence of cervical insufficiency is 0.1-1% of all pregnancies and 8% of second trimester losses. After failed vaginal cerclages or in patients with amputated or congenitally abnormal cervices, transabdominal cerclages may be performed. Recent advances allow for use of the da Vinci robot to perform transabdominal cerclages. This case series presents three cases of robotically placed cerclages, performed prior to pregnancy. All patients had experienced prior second trimester losses. Two of the three had previously failed vaginal cerclage placement...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535892/are-the-women-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-satisfied-with-their-sexual-activity
#2
Hatice Isik, Metin Isik, Oner Aynioglu, Deniz Karcaaltincaba, Ahmet Sahbaz, Tugba Beyazcicek, Mehmet Ibrahim Harma, Nejat Demircan
OBJECTIVE: Females with Sjögren's Syndrome (SS) often experience vaginal dryness and dyspareunia, along with glandular and extraglandular symptoms. We aimed to evaluate sexual function and life quality in women with SS. METHODS: Forty-six premenopausal women with SS and 47 age-matched controls were studied. Age, duration of the disease, medications, and comorbid diseases were noted. Participants completed 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528844/prevalence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhea-and-associated-factors-among-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-brazil-a-multicenter-study
#3
Angelica E Miranda, Mariangela F Silveira, Ana Gabriela Travassos, Teresinha Tenório, Isabel Cristina Chulvis do Val, Leonor de Lannoy Tavares, Hortensio Simões de Mattos Junior, Newton Sergio de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) cause infections in the female genital tract, increasing susceptibility to and infectiousness of HIV. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence and associated factors of CT and GC infection among HIV-infected women in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted from March to December 2015, including HIV-infected women attending referral centers in nine states of Brazil, aged 18-49 years, nonpregnant...
May 18, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502874/aerobic-vaginitis-no-longer-a-stranger
#4
Gilbert G G Donders, Gert Bellen, Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Kateryna Ruban, Pedro Vieira-Baptista
Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is the name given in 2002 to a vaginal infectious entity which was not recognized as such before. It is characterized by abnormal (dysbiotic) vaginal microflora containing aerobic, enteric bacteria, variable levels of vaginal inflammation and deficient epithelial maturation. Although AV and bacterial vaginosis (BV) share some characteristics, such as a diminished number or absence of lactobacilli, increased discharge (fishy smelling in BV, while in severe forms of AV, a foul, rather rotten smell may be present) and increased pH (often more pronounced in AV), there are also striking differences between the two...
May 11, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495833/dequalinium-for-bacterial-vaginosis
#5
(no author information available yet)
Bacterial vaginosis is an infection characterised by overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria in the vagina with an accompanying loss of lactobacilli, and is thought to be the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge in women of child-bearing age.(1) Standard treatment for symptomatic bacterial vaginosis consists of a short course of an oral or topical antibiotic.(2) Dequalinium, a topical antiseptic agent, has been available for many years as a treatment for oral infections.(3) A new formulation, dequalinium 10mg vaginal tablets (Fluomizin-Kora Healthcare), was licensed in the UK in June 2015 for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis...
May 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480618/beyond-chemoreception-diverse-tasks-of-soluble-olfactory-proteins-in-insects
#6
Paolo Pelosi, Immacolata Iovinella, Jiao Zhu, Guirong Wang, Francesca R Dani
Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) and chemosensory proteins (CSPs) are regarded as carriers of pheromones and odorants in insect chemoreception. These proteins are typically located in antennae, mouth organs and other chemosensory structures; however, members of both classes of proteins have been detected recently in other parts of the body and various functions have been proposed. The best studied of these non-sensory tasks is performed in pheromone glands, where OBPs and CSPs solubilise hydrophobic semiochemicals and assist their controlled release into the environment...
May 7, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475249/primary-chylous-vaginal-discharge-demonstrated-with-noncontrast-magnetic-resonance-lymphography
#7
Mariam Soumah, Sanaâ El Mouhadi, Corinne Becker, Lionel Arrivé
Primary chylous vaginal discharge is rare. It can be associated with lower limb, pelvic, or vulvar lymphedema or cutaneous vesicles in the perineum, labia, or legs. An analysis of vaginal discharge is helpful to reveal milky fluid with chylomicrons and a triglyceride rate greater than 11 mL/L [1]. In the present case, chylous vaginal discharge was due to a hyperplasia-dysplasia of lymphatics in the pelvis abutting the uterus, cervix, and vagina. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474381/risk-of-cervical-cancer-in-symptomatic-women-aged-%C3%A2-40-in-primary-care-a-case-control-study-using-electronic-records
#8
S Walker, W Hamilton
There are approximately 3,000 new UK diagnoses of cervical cancer annually, with many women presenting symptomatically. We aimed to identify and quantify features of cervical cancer in primary care in a case-control study in the UK. Putative features of cervical cancer were identified, and odd ratios and positive predictive values (PPVs) were calculated. About 1,006 women aged ≥40 years diagnosed with cervical cancer and 4,992 age-, sex- and practice-matched controls were selected from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink...
May 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469316/cervical-cytopathological-changes-among-women-with-vaginal-discharge-attending-teaching-hospital
#9
Magdi M Salih, Fatma Tage El Sir AlHag, Mohammed Ahmed Khalifa, Abdulla H El Nabi
AIMS: To find cytology changes among women attending obstetrics and gynaecology clinic with complaints of vaginal discharges. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This descriptive hospital-based cytological study was conducted at the outpatient clinic of the obstetrics and gynaecology department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred women with complaints of vaginal discharge were selected. Their detailed histories were documented on a special request form. Pap smears were then obtained and sent for cytological examination to the cytopathology department...
April 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469158/evaluating-the-utility-of-syndromic-case-management-for-three-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-women-visiting-hospitals-in-delhi-india
#10
Subash Chandra Sonkar, Kirti Wasnik, Anita Kumar, Vineeta Sharma, Pratima Mittal, Prashant Kumar Mishra, Mausumi Bharadwaj, Daman Saluja
Utility of syndromic case management (SCM) in women visiting obstetrics & gynecology department needs to be evaluated as it is subjective and imperfect. Consequently, antibiotic resistance has accelerated along with increased risk of infection to the partners. To understand the effectiveness and/or inadequacies of SCM, 11000 women were recruited and examined by clinicians for infection by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), Bacterial vaginosis (BV) and others...
May 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462398/the-frequency-of-gonorrheal-and-chlamydial-infections-in-zanjanian-women-in-2013-2014
#11
Behnaz Molaei, Farnaz Mohmmadian, Maryam Eftekhar, Robabeh Hatami, Atefe Tirkan, Mahsa Kiani
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted diseases in women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of gonorrheal and chlamydial infections and determination of related risk factors in married women with vaginal discharge attending gynecological outpatient department (OPD) in Zanjan in 2013-2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross sectional study, 100 married women aged 18-49 years with vaginal discharge were evaluated for signs and symptoms of gonococcal and chlamydial infections...
February 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460993/cervical-ectropion-may-be-a-cause-of-desquamative-inflammatory-vaginitis
#12
Leia Mitchell, Michelle King, Heather Brillhart, Andrew Goldstein
Desquamative inflammatory vaginitis is a poorly understood chronic vaginitis with an unknown etiology. Symptoms of desquamative inflammatory vaginitis include copious yellowish discharge, vulvovaginal discomfort, and dyspareunia. Cervical ectropion, the presence of glandular columnar cells on the ectocervix, has not been reported as a cause of desquamative inflammatory vaginitis. Although cervical ectropion can be a normal clinical finding, it has been reported to cause leukorrhea, metrorrhagia, dyspareunia, and vulvovaginal irritation...
April 28, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460202/neoplastic-sigmoid-uterine-fistula-an-exceptional-complication-of-large-intestine-cancer
#13
G Zanghì, V Leanza, R Vecchio, A D'Agati, S Cordova, N M Rinzivillo, M Lodato, G Leanza
Neoplastic sigmoid-uterine fistula is an extremely rare condition because the uterus is a thick and muscular organ. A 74-year-old woman was admitted to the First Aid Station suffering from abdominal pain and foul smelling vaginal discharge. Gynaecological examination showed fecal drainage from the cervical orifice, while the uterus was regular in size but very firm and painful. Ovaries and fallopian tubes were not palpable owing to abdominal tenderness. Ultrasounds reveled inhomogeneous thickening of uterine cavity, without detecting fistula...
January 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458843/sigmoid-gluteal-fistula-a-rare-complication-of-fistulating-diverticular-disease
#14
Thomas Chadwick, Ashok Katti, James Arthur
A rare complication of diverticular disease is the formation of fistulas, most commonly either colo-vesical or colo-vaginal. We present the unusual case of a perforated sigmoid diverticulum forming a colo-gluteal fistula and presenting initially as a gluteal abscess in an otherwise asymptomatic patient. After drainage of the gluteal abscess, the patient re-presented with faecal loss from the abscess drainage site. Imaging revealed fistulous communication between the sigmoid and the left obturator internus muscle, tracking to the gluteus maximus with associated abscess and cutaneous communication to the site of previous drainage...
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458625/sterile-pyometra-in-two-dogs
#15
Hun-Young Yoon, Jae-Young Byun, Kang-Hyo Park, Byong-Su Min, Jung-Hyun Kim
Two young dogs were referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of Konkuk University, one for examination of vaginal discharge and the other after being hit by a car. Dog 1 exhibited a high neutrophil count on Gram-stained vaginal smears, marked leukocytosis on a complete blood count, and uterine enlargement on ultrasonography. In dog 2, a markedly enlarged right uterine horn containing echogenic debris was found incidentally on ultrasonography. A tentative diagnosis of pyometra was made in both cases and ovariohysterectomy was performed...
April 2017: Immune Network
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451566/an-insight-to-how-estate-women-in-sri-lanka-manage-abnormal-vaginal-discharge
#16
Ilankoon Imps, Goonewardena Cse, Fernandopulle Rc, Perera Ppr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442807/epidemiology-and-clinico-investigative-study-of-organisms-causing-vaginal-discharge
#17
Swetha Venugopal, Kannan Gopalan, Asha Devi, A Kavitha
BACKGROUND: Abnormal vaginal discharge is a common clinical problem in reproductive age group. It is the second most common problem after abnormal uterine bleeding. It is a neglected health problem, most commonly caused due to vulvovaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis (BV). OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of common organisms causing vaginal discharge and also to know the variety of clinical presentation...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434752/effects-of-intrauterine-infusion-of-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-on-uterine-health-resolution-of-purulent-vaginal-discharge-and-reproductive-performance-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#18
João G N Moraes, Paula R B Silva, Luís G D Mendonça, Alexandre A Scanavez, Joseane C C Silva, Ricardo C Chebel
The objectives of the current experiment were to evaluate the effects of intrauterine infusion of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in cows diagnosed with purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) on intrauterine cell population, resolution of PVD, uterine health, and reproductive performance. Jersey cows (n = 3,084) were examined using the Metricheck device to diagnose PVD at 35 ± 6 d postpartum. Purulent vaginal discharge was defined as the presence of purulent (≥50% pus) discharge detectable in the vagina...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434748/predicting-stage-2-of-calving-in-holstein-friesian-heifers
#19
K Lange, C Fischer-Tenhagen, W Heuwieser
The objective of this study was to predict stage 2 of calving in Holstein-Friesian heifers. Interobserver reliability and predictive values of relevant signs of imminent parturition (i.e., tail raising, stepping, clear and bloody vaginal discharge, turning the head toward the abdomen, and lying lateral with abdominal contractions) were determined. In the first experiment 32 heifers were included. Three investigators participated as observers in the study. They walked through the precalving pen in pairs and observed pregnant heifers (≥267 d pregnant)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434729/effects-of-intrauterine-infusion-of-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-on-uterine-mrna-gene-expression-and-peripheral-polymorphonuclear-leukocytes-in-jersey-cows-diagnosed-with-purulent-vaginal-discharge
#20
João G N Moraes, Luís G D Mendonça, Paula R B Silva, Alexandre A Scanavez, Klibs N Galvão, Michael A Ballou, Milli Worku, Ricardo C Chebel
The objectives of the current experiment were to investigate the effects of intrauterine treatment of cows with purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli on uterine mRNA expression of genes related to inflammatory responses, peripheral polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function, hematological parameters, and blood concentrations of cortisol, haptoglobin, and progesterone (P4). Jersey cows (n = 3,084) were examined for PVD at 35 ± 6 d postpartum using the Metricheck device (Simcro, Hamilton, New Zealand)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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