keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thrush

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151592/diet-resistant-obesity-is-characterized-by-a-distinct-plasma-proteomic-signature-and-impaired-muscle-fiber-metabolism
#1
A B Thrush, G Antoun, M Nikpay, D A Patten, C DeVlugt, J-F Mauger, B L Beauchamp, P Lau, R Reshke, É Doucet, P Imbeault, R Boushel, D Gibbings, J Hager, A Valsesia, R Slack, O Y Al-Dirbashi, R Dent, R McPherson, M-E Harper
BACKGROUND/OBJECT: Inter-individual variability in weight loss during obesity treatment is complex and poorly understood. Here we use whole body and tissue approaches to investigate fuel oxidation characteristics in skeletal muscle fibers, cells, and distinct circulating protein biomarkers before and after a high fat meal (HFM) challenge in those who lost the most (obese diet-sensitive; ODS), vs the least (obese diet-resistant; ODR) amount of weight in a highly controlled weight management program...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128250/sex-specific-hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-axis-sensitivity-in-migrating-songbirds
#2
Kristen M Covino, Jodie M Jawor, Sara R Morris, Frank R Moore
In seasonally migratory species, the overlap between the migratory and breeding life history stages is a balance between the physiological and behavioral requirements of each stage. Previous studies investigating the degree to which songbirds prepare for breeding during spring migration have focused on either circulating hormone levels or direct measures of gonadal recrudescence. In this study, we evaluated the phenology of breeding preparation in a long-distance migratory songbird, the Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus), by assessing hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis sensitivity with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) bioassays throughout the migratory period...
November 14, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109473/the-shape-of-density-dependence-in-fragmented-landscapes-explains-an-inverse-buffer-effect-in-a-migratory-songbird
#3
Caz M Taylor
It is well known that forest fragmentation reduces fecundity in several avian species, including wood thrush, Hylocichla mustelina, a migratory songbird that has been declining for several decades. However, I found that landscape-scale density in wood thrush was lower and population declines steeper in higher quality, less-fragmented landscapes (an inverse buffer effect) than in poor quality landscapes. These patterns suggest that wood thrush was not limited by availability of breeding habitat but that declines were primarily driven by non-breeding season events...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092573/allometric-trends-reveal-distinct-evolutionary-trajectories-for-avian-communication
#4
Ingrid M D Torres, Luiz C S Lopez, Carlos B de Araújo
Acoustic signal production is affected by allometric relationships, by which the larger the animal, the lower its call frequency. In this paper, three evolutionary acoustic hypotheses were tested: the Signal-to-Noise Ratio Hypothesis (SNRH), in which evolution maximizes call ranges by increasing the signal-to-noise ratio; the Stimulus Threshold Hypothesis (STH), in which evolution maximizes the range of a specific signal threshold; and the Body Size Hypothesis (BSH), in which the emission of long wavelengths is enabled by body size...
October 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083100/mefloquine-for-preventing-malaria-during-travel-to-endemic-areas
#5
REVIEW
Maya Tickell-Painter, Nicola Maayan, Rachel Saunders, Cheryl Pace, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Mefloquine is one of four antimalarial agents commonly recommended for preventing malaria in travellers to malaria-endemic areas. Despite its high efficacy, there is controversy about its psychological side effects. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the efficacy and safety of mefloquine used as prophylaxis for malaria in travellers. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), published on the Cochrane Library; MEDLINE; Embase (OVID); TOXLINE (https://toxnet...
October 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079749/swainson-s-thrushes-do-not-show-strong-wind-selectivity-prior-to-crossing-the-gulf-of-mexico
#6
Rachel T Bolus, Robert H Diehl, Frank R Moore, Jill L Deppe, Michael P Ward, Jaclyn Smolinsky, Theodore J Zenzal
During long-distance fall migrations, nocturnally migrating Swainson's Thrushes often stop on the northern Gulf of Mexico coast before flying across the Gulf. To minimize energetic costs, trans-Gulf migrants should stop over when they encounter crosswinds or headwinds, and depart with supportive tailwinds. However, time constrained migrants should be less selective, balancing costs of headwinds with benefits of continuing their migrations. To test the hypotheses that birds select supportive winds and that selectivity is mediated by seasonal time constraints, we examined whether local winds affected Swainson's Thrushes' arrival and departure at Ft...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047399/pathogen-communities-of-songbird-derived-ticks-in-europe-s-low-countries
#7
Dieter Heylen, Manoj Fonville, Arieke Docters van Leeuwen, Arjan Stroo, Martin Duisterwinkel, Sip van Wieren, Maria Diuk-Wasser, Arnout de Bruin, Hein Sprong
BACKGROUND: Birds play a major role in the maintenance of enzootic cycles of pathogens transmitted by ticks. Due to their mobility, they affect the spatial distribution and abundance of both ticks and pathogens. In the present study, we aim to identify members of a pathogen community [Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.), B. miyamotoi, 'Ca. Neoehrlichia mikurensis', Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia helvetica] in songbird-derived ticks from 11 locations in the Netherlands and Belgium (2012-2014)...
October 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025965/inherited-il-12r%C3%AE-1-deficiency-in-a-child-with-bcg-adenitis-and-oral-candidiasis-a-case-report
#8
Nevin Hatipoglu, B Haluk Güvenç, Caroline Deswarte, Kaya Koksalan, Stéphanie Boisson-Dupuis, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Jacinta Bustamante
Tuberculosis is a major worldwide problem, and protection from it is achieved mainly by live attenuated bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine, which is capable of causing disease in immunocompromised host. Oral thrush is abnormal in healthy children, which suggests an underlying immunodeficiency. Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease is a rare primary immunodeficiency characterized by a selective predisposition to weakly virulent Mycobacteria and Salmonella and also predisposition to chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021158/hierarchical-temporal-structure-in-music-speech-and-animal-vocalizations-jazz-is-like-a-conversation-humpbacks-sing-like-hermit-thrushes
#9
Christopher T Kello, Simone Dalla Bella, Butovens Médé, Ramesh Balasubramaniam
Humans talk, sing and play music. Some species of birds and whales sing long and complex songs. All these behaviours and sounds exhibit hierarchical structure-syllables and notes are positioned within words and musical phrases, words and motives in sentences and musical phrases, and so on. We developed a new method to measure and compare hierarchical temporal structures in speech, song and music. The method identifies temporal events as peaks in the sound amplitude envelope, and quantifies event clustering across a range of timescales using Allan factor (AF) variance...
October 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949895/main-outcomes-of-an-rct-to-pilot-test-reporting-and-feedback-to-foster-research-integrity-climates-in-the-va
#10
Brian C Martinson, David C Mohr, Martin P Charns, David Nelson, Emily Hagel-Campbell, Ann Bangerter, Hanna E Bloomfield, Richard Owen, Carol R Thrush
BACKGROUND: Assessing the integrity of research climates and sharing such information with research leaders may support research best practices. We report here results of a pilot trial testing the effectiveness of a reporting and feedback intervention using the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SOuRCe). METHODS: We randomized 41 Veterans Health Administration (VA) facilities to a phone-based intervention designed to help research leaders understand their survey results (enhanced arm) or to an intervention in which results were simply distributed to research leaders (basic arm)...
July 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931453/molecular-characterization-and-distribution-of-plasmodium-matutinum-a-common-avian-malaria-parasite
#11
Gediminas Valkiūnas, Mikas Ilgūnas, Dovilė Bukauskaitė, Vaidas Palinauskas, Rasa Bernotienė, Tatjana A Iezhova
Species of Plasmodium (Plasmodiidae, Haemosporida) are widespread and cause malaria, which can be severe in avian hosts. Molecular markers are essential to detect and identify parasites, but still absent for many avian malaria and related haemosporidian species. Here, we provide first molecular characterization of Plasmodium matutinum, a common agent of avian malaria. This parasite was isolated from a naturally infected thrush nightingale Luscinia luscinia (Muscicapidae). Fragments of mitochondrial, apicoplast and nuclear genomes were obtained...
November 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912187/pediatric-cardiomyopathies
#12
REVIEW
Teresa M Lee, Daphne T Hsu, Paul Kantor, Jeffrey A Towbin, Stephanie M Ware, Steven D Colan, Wendy K Chung, John L Jefferies, Joseph W Rossano, Chesney D Castleberry, Linda J Addonizio, Ashwin K Lal, Jacqueline M Lamour, Erin M Miller, Philip T Thrush, Jason D Czachor, Hiedy Razoky, Ashley Hill, Steven E Lipshultz
Pediatric cardiomyopathies are rare diseases with an annual incidence of 1.1 to 1.5 per 100 000. Dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathies are the most common; restrictive, noncompaction, and mixed cardiomyopathies occur infrequently; and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is rare. Pediatric cardiomyopathies can result from coronary artery abnormalities, tachyarrhythmias, exposure to infection or toxins, or secondary to other underlying disorders. Increasingly, the importance of genetic mutations in the pathogenesis of isolated or syndromic pediatric cardiomyopathies is becoming apparent...
September 15, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888760/an-in-vitro-investigation-of-indigenous-south-african-medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-oral-infections
#13
S Akhalwaya, S van Vuuren, M Patel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Over a 120 South African medicinal plants are used for the treatment of oral diseases. Despite the vast collection of antimicrobial studies being done on South African plants, there is still limited research on pathogens associated with oral infections. In consultation with the available ethnobotanical literature, this study investigates the antimicrobial efficacy of some South African medicinal plants against oral pathogens. AIM OF THE STUDY: To provide a detailed account of the antimicrobial properties of selected South African medicinal plants used traditionally to treat oral infections...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887847/fournier-s-gangrene-in-a-man-on-empagliflozin-for-treatment-of-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes
#14
S Kumar, A J Costello, P G Colman
BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SLGT2) inhibitors has been associated with an increased risk of genital infections secondary to increased glycosuria. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 41-year-old man with type 2 diabetes treated with empagliflozin and metformin who presented with scrotal swelling. He described multiple preceding episodes of genital thrush for which he self-administered over-the-counter anti-fungal treatment. On examination, he was afebrile and hemodynamically stable...
November 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868587/preparation-characterization-and-toxicity-evaluation-of-amphotericin-b-loaded-mpeg-pcl-micelles-and-its-application-for-buccal-tablets
#15
Peipei Zhang, Xiaofeng Yang, Yanhao He, Zhuo Chen, Bing Liu, Cota Segura Emesto, Guangde Yang, Weirong Wang, Jiye Zhang, Rong Lin
Oral candidiasis or thrush is a fungal infection due to Candida albicans, causing discomfort in areas inside mouth or tongue. The clinical application of antifungal reagent amphotericin B (AMB), which is believed to offer a better treatment for oral candidiasis, is greatly compromised by its toxicities (mainly nephrotoxicity) and poor solubility. In order to overcome these issues, we characterized AMB-loaded MPEG-PCL micelles in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the antifungal activities of AMB/MPEG-PCL micelles-loaded buccal tablet were also evaluated in vitro...
October 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867257/oropharyngeal-candidiasis-prevalence-among-hiv-infected-patients-at-the-teaching-hospital-of-treichville-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#16
A Konaté, P C M Barro-Kiki, K F Kassi, K E Angora, H Vanga-Bosson, V Djohan, A V Bédia-Tanoh, A J S Miézan, W Yavo, E I H Menan
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to determine the mycological profile of oropharyngeal candidiasis among HIV-infected patients from Internal Medicine, Infectious and Tropical Diseases, and Pneumo-Phthisiology Diseases departments of the Teaching Hospital of Treichville in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study carried out on patients with lesions suggestive of oropharyngeal candidiasis from October 2010 to April 2011...
August 31, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860642/rising-tides-cumulative-impacts-and-cascading-changes-to-estuarine-ecosystem-functions
#17
Theresa A O'Meara, Jenny R Hillman, Simon F Thrush
In coastal ecosystems, climate change affects multiple environmental factors, yet most predictive models are based on simple cause-and-effect relationships. Multiple stressor scenarios are difficult to predict because they can create a ripple effect through networked ecosystem functions. Estuarine ecosystem function relies on an interconnected network of physical and biological processes. Estuarine habitats play critical roles in service provision and represent global hotspots for organic matter processing, nutrient cycling and primary production...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838189/communications-immunization-and-polio-vaccines-lessons-from-a-global-perspective-on-generating-political-will-informing-decision-making-and-planning-and-engaging-local-support
#18
Lisa Menning, Gaurav Garg, Deepa Pokharel, Elizabeth Thrush, Margaret Farrell, Frederic Kunjbe Kodio, Chantal Laroche Veira, Sarah Wanyoike, Suleman Malik, Manish Patel, Oliver Rosenbauer
The requirements under objective 2 of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018-to introduce at least 1 dose of inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV); withdraw oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV), starting with the type 2 component; and strengthen routine immunization programs-set an ambitious series of targets for countries. Effective implementation of IPV introduction and the switch from trivalent OPV (containing types 1, 2, and 3 poliovirus) to bivalent OPV (containing types 1 and 3 poliovirus) called for intense global communications and coordination on an unprecedented scale from 2014 to 2016, involving global public health technical agencies and donors, vaccine manufacturers, World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund regional offices, and national governments...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838161/systematization-of-the-introduction-of-ipv-and-switch-from-topv-to-bopv-in-the-americas
#19
Cristina Pedreira, Elizabeth Thrush, Barbara Jauregui
The synchronized introduction of the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) and the switch from trivalent oral polio vaccine (tOPV) to bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV) has constituted an effort without precedents, and with astonishing results. Within the established time frame, all countries in our region managed to carry out the decision, planning, and introduction of this vaccine and subsequent switch to their national immunization schedules.The purpose of this article is to systematize the process of IPV introduction and switch in Latin America and the Caribbean, which constitutes an important piece in the documentation of the polio legacy in the Americas...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809155/microbe-profile-candida-albicans-a-shape-changing-opportunistic-pathogenic-fungus-of-humans
#20
Neil A R Gow, Bhawna Yadav
(a) Morphotypes of Candida albicans (blue sector, vegetative forms; pink sector, forms related to mating or changes in ploidy). Cell types shown include: budding yeast cells; elongated conjoined yeasts forming pseudohyphae; parallel-sided hyphae; chlamydospores formed from suspensor cells; enlarged goliath cells formed under zinc deprivation (unpublished study, image from Duncan Wilson); intestinal gut form cells (image from Suzanne Noble); mating competence defined by white-grey-opaque cell transitions (images from Guanghua Huang); elongated chemotactic shmoo-mating projections leading to tetraploid zygote formation (images from David Soll and Karla Daniels); trimera formed by unequal chromosome segregation under antifungal exposure (image from Judith Berman)...
August 15, 2017: Microbiology
keyword
keyword
45381
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"