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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647633/nicotine-dependence-and-willingness-to-quit-smoking-in-vascular-surgery-patients
#1
Matthew R Smeds, Anna Privratsky, Carol R Thrush, Claudia P Barone, Guillermo A Escobar, Ahsan T Ali, Mohammed M Moursi
OBJECTIVE: Smoking rates have declined, however it remains the primary modifiable risk factor for vascular disease. While vascular surgeons often advise patients to quit, few provide assistance. We sought to understand patients' interest in quitting and determine factors that influence this willingness to quit. METHODS: Anonymous surveys were given to vascular surgery clinic patients in a single institution over a 5-month period. Demographic information, smoking status, cessation attempts, and barriers to quitting were obtained...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640349/use-of-gc-ms-to-identify-chemical-constituents-and-cytotoxic-activity-of-the-leaves-of-phoradendron-mucronatum-and-phoradendron-microphyllum-viscaceae
#2
Isla V G A Bastos, Tatiane B DE Oliveira, Maria D Rodrigues, Gardênia C G Militão, Teresinha G DA Silva, Izabel C C Turatti, Norberto P Lopes, Sebastião J DE Melo
Phoradendron mucronatum and P. microphyllum are plants that found in tropical and subtropical areas, used in traditional medicine and popularly known as mistle-thrush. The aim of this study was to identify the chemical constituents of different leaf extracts from P. mucronatum and P. microphyllum and assess cytotoxic activity against strains from a human tumour cells. Extracts obtained with hexane, dichloromethane, chloroform and ethyl acetate from the leaves were analysed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and the cytotoxicity was assessed by the MTT method (bromide (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide))...
April 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631307/interventions-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-erysipelas-and-cellulitis
#3
REVIEW
Adam Dalal, Marina Eskin-Schwartz, Daniel Mimouni, Sujoy Ray, Walford Days, Emmilia Hodak, Leonard Leibovici, Mical Paul
BACKGROUND: Erysipelas and cellulitis (hereafter referred to as 'cellulitis') are common bacterial skin infections usually affecting the lower extremities. Despite their burden of morbidity, the evidence for different prevention strategies is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and adverse effects of antibiotic prophylaxis or other prophylactic interventions for the prevention of recurrent episodes of cellulitis in adults aged over 16. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases up to June 2016: the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615005/development-and-validation-of-a-risk-score-to-assist-screening-for-acute-hiv-1-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Maartje Dijkstra, Godelieve J de Bree, Ineke G Stolte, Udi Davidovich, Eduard J Sanders, Maria Prins, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff
BACKGROUND: Early treatment of acute HIV-1 infection (AHI) is beneficial for patients and could reduce onward transmission. However, guidelines on whom to test for AHI with HIV-1 RNA testing are lacking. METHODS: A risk score for possible AHI based on literature and expert opinion - including symptoms associated with AHI and early HIV-1 - was evaluated using data from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies among men who have sex with men (MSM). Subsequently, we optimized the risk score by constructing two multivariable logistic regression models: one including only symptoms and one combining symptoms with known risk factors for HIV-1 seroconversion, using generalized estimating equations...
June 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611372/fuel-loads-acquired-at-a-stopover-site-influence-the-pace-of-intercontinental-migration-in-a-boreal-songbird
#5
Camila Gómez, Nicholas J Bayly, D Ryan Norris, Stuart A Mackenzie, Kenneth V Rosenberg, Philip D Taylor, Keith A Hobson, Carlos Daniel Cadena
Long-distance migratory organisms are under strong selection to migrate quickly. Stopovers demand more time than flying and are used by individuals to refuel during migration, but the effect of fuel loads (fat) acquired at stopover sites on the subsequent pace of migration has not been quantified. We studied stopover behaviour of Grey-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus) at a site in northern Colombia and then tracked their migration using an intercontinental radio-telemetry array. Tracking confirmed long-distance flights of more than 3000 km, highlighting the key importance of a single stopover site to the migration strategy of this species...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595817/relationships-between-study-habits-burnout-and-general-surgery-resident-performance-on-the-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination
#6
Matthew R Smeds, Carol R Thrush, Faith K McDaniel, Roop Gill, Mary K Kimbrough, Brian D Shames, Jeffrey J Sussman, Joseph M Galante, Catherine M Wittgen, Parswa Ansari, Steven R Allen, Michael S Nussbaum, Donald T Hess, David C Knight, Frederick R Bentley
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) is used by programs to evaluate the knowledge and readiness of trainees to sit for the general surgery qualifying examination. It is often used as a tool for resident promotion and may be used by fellowship programs to evaluate candidates. Burnout has been associated with job performance and satisfaction; however, its presence and effects on surgical trainees' performance are not well studied. We sought to understand factors including burnout and study habits that may contribute to performance on the ABSITE examination...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501657/effects-of-mentorship-on-graduating-vascular-surgery-trainees
#7
Matthew R Smeds, Cindy Huynh, Carol R Thrush, Mohammed M Moursi, Kwame S Amankwah
OBJECTIVE: Mentorship within surgery, particularly vascular surgery, has not been extensively evaluated. This study sought to examine mentorship experiences in graduating vascular trainees. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey examining current mentor relationships, ideal characteristics, academic productivity and operative comfort level was emailed to all U.S. graduating 2015 (n=141) and 2016 (n=144) vascular trainees (VTs) during their last year of training...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479954/the-effect-of-high-intensity-interval-run-training-on-cross-sectional-area-of-the-vastus-lateralis-in-untrained-college-students
#8
Rebekah R Estes, Amy Malinowski, Meredith Piacentini, David Thrush, Eric Salley, Cassidy Losey, Erik Hayes
Aerobic cycling has been repeatedly shown to induce hypertrophy in skeletal muscle across a variety of populations, while there has been a lack of investigation into the impact of running upon hypertrophy. An increasingly popular model of aerobic exercise is high-intensity interval training (HIIT); in addition to its positive impact upon cardiovascular health, HIIT may be sufficient for inducing significant muscular hypertrophy. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of a high-intensity interval running protocol upon hypertrophy of the vastus lateralis in an untrained, young population...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460750/cross-sectional-study-of-the-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-hoof-disorders-in-horses-in-the-netherlands
#9
M Holzhauer, R Bremer, I Santman-Berends, O Smink, I Janssens, W Back
Information is scarce on the prevalence of hoof disorders in horses. In this study, we examined the prevalence of and risk factors for hoof disorders in a population of horses in The Netherlands. In a group of 942 randomly selected horses, hoof health was scored during regular foot trimming (one horse/farm). Hooves were assessed for the occurrence of one of 12 hoof disorders by a group of 21 certified farriers in two periods i.e. winter and summer of 2015. The mean age of the group of horses was 11.2±5.6years...
May 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423067/isospora-albicollis-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-in-thrushes-turdus-spp-passeriformes-turdidae-in-southeastern-brazil
#10
Irlane Faria de Pinho, Lidiane Maria da Silva, Mariana Borges Rodrigues, Mariana de Souza Oliveira, Bruno do Bomfim Lopes, Hermes Ribeiro Luz, Ildemar Ferreira, Carlos Wilson Gomes Lopes, Bruno Pereira Berto
The aim of the present study was to report and describe Isospora albicollis Lainson and Shaw, 1989 parasitizing a white-necked thrush Turdus albicollis Vieillot, 1818 and a pale-breasted thrush Turdus leucomelas Vieillot, 1818 in two different localities: the Itatiaia National Park and Cacaria, in southeastern Brazil. The oocysts identified were ovoidal, 24.4 × 19.7 μm, with a smooth, bilayered wall, around 1.4 μm thick. Oocyst residuum was absent, but a micropyle and a polar granule were present. The sporocysts were ellipsoidal, 15...
April 13, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404774/changes-in-the-location-of-biodiversity-ecosystem-function-hot-spots-across-the-seafloor-landscape-with-increasing-sediment-nutrient-loading
#11
Simon F Thrush, Judi E Hewitt, Casper Kraan, A M Lohrer, Conrad A Pilditch, Emily Douglas
Declining biodiversity and loss of ecosystem function threatens the ability of habitats to contribute ecosystem services. However, the form of the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function (BEF) and how relationships change with environmental change is poorly understood. This limits our ability to predict the consequences of biodiversity loss on ecosystem function, particularly in real-world marine ecosystems that are species rich, and where multiple ecosystem functions are represented by multiple indicators...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347888/on-the-importance-of-geographic-and-taxonomic-sampling-in-phylogeography-a-reevaluation-of-diversification-and-species-limits-in-a-neotropical-thrush-aves-turdidae
#12
Jorge Enrique Avendaño, Enrique Arbeláez-Cortés, Carlos Daniel Cadena
Phylogeographic studies seeking to describe biogeographic patterns, infer evolutionary processes, and revise species-level classification should properly characterize the distribution ranges of study species, and thoroughly sample genetic variation across taxa and geography. This is particularly necessary for widely distributed organisms occurring in complex landscapes, such as the Neotropical region. Here, we clarify the geographic range and revisit the phylogeography of the Black-billed Thrush (Turdus ignobilis), a common passerine bird from lowland tropical South America, whose evolutionary relationships and species limits were recently evaluated employing phylogeographic analyses based on partial knowledge of its distribution and incomplete sampling of populations...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319677/characterization-and-distribution-of-isospora-sabiai-n-sp-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-thrushes-turdus-spp-passeriformes-turdidae-from-brazil
#13
Irlane F de Pinho, Mariana B Rodrigues, Lidiane M Silva, Bruno do B Lopes, Mariana S Oliveira, Matheus A Ferreira, Sergian V Cardozo, Hermes R Luz, Ildemar Ferreira, Carlos Wilson G Lopes, Bruno P Berto
A new coccidian species (Protozoa: Apicomplexa: Isospora) is described parasitizing white-necked thrushes Turdus albicollis Vieillot, 1818; rufous-bellied thrushes Turdus rufiventris Vieillot, 1818; pale-breasted thrushes Turdus leucomelas Vieillot, 1818; and yellow-legged thrushes Turdus flavipes Vieillot, 1818 from 3 different localities in Brazil. Isospora sabiai n. sp. has oocysts that are subspherical to ellipsoidal, 20.9 × 18.6 μm, with smooth, delicate, bilayered wall, ∼1.1 μm thick. Micropyle inconspicuous or imperceptible...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317110/atlantic-frugivory-a-plant-frugivore-interaction-data-set-for-the-atlantic-forest
#14
Carolina Bello, Mauro Galetti, Denise Montan, Marco A Pizo, Tatiane C Mariguela, Laurence Culot, Felipe Bufalo, Fabio Labecca, Felipe Pedrosa, Rafaela Constantini, Carine Emer, Wesley R Silva, Fernanda R da Silva, Otso Ovaskainen, Pedro Jordano
The data set provided here includes 8,320 frugivory interactions (records of pairwise interactions between plant and frugivore species) reported for the Atlantic Forest. The data set includes interactions between 331 vertebrate species (232 birds, 90 mammals, 5 fishes, 1 amphibian, and 3 reptiles) and 788 plant species. We also present information on traits directly related to the frugivory process (endozoochory), such as the size of fruits and seeds and the body mass and gape size of frugivores. Data were extracted from 166 published and unpublished sources spanning from 1961 to 2016...
June 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275143/genomic-islands-of-divergence-or-opportunities-for-introgression
#15
Rachael A Bay, Kristen Ruegg
In animals, introgression between species is often perceived as the breakdown of reproductive isolating mechanisms, but gene flow between incipient species can also represent a source for potentially beneficial alleles. Recently, genome-wide datasets have revealed clusters of differentiated loci ('genomic islands of divergence') that are thought to play a role in reproductive isolation and therefore have reduced gene flow. We use simulations to further examine the evolutionary forces that shape and maintain genomic islands of divergence between two subspecies of the migratory songbird, Swainson's thrush (Catharus ustulatus), which have come into secondary contact since the last glacial maximum...
March 15, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251166/clinical-features-and-genetic-analysis-of-48-patients-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease-in-a-single-center-study-from-shanghai-china-2005-2015-new-studies-and-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Jing Wu, Wei-Fan Wang, Yi-Dan Zhang, Tong-Xin Chen
Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) is a rare inherited primary immunodeficiency, which is characterized by recurrent infections due to defective phagocyte NADPH oxidase enzyme. Nowadays, little is known about Chinese CGD patients. Here we report 48 CGD patients in our single center study, which is the largest cohort study from Mainland China. The ratio of male to female was 11 : 1. The mean onset age was 0.29 years old, and 52% patients had an onset within the 1st month of life. The mean diagnosis age was 2...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225817/binational-climate-change-vulnerability-assessment-of-migratory-birds-in-the-great-lakes-basins-tools-and-impediments
#17
Robert S Rempel, Megan L Hornseth
Climate change is a global concern, requiring international strategies to reduce emissions, however, climate change vulnerability assessments are often local in scope with assessment areas restricted to jurisdictional boundaries. In our study we explored tools and impediments to understanding and responding to the effects of climate change on vulnerability of migratory birds from a binational perspective. We apply and assess the utility of a Climate Change Vulnerability Index on 3 focal species using distribution or niche modeling frameworks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216610/pulmonary-kaposi-sarcoma-with-osseous-metastases-in-an-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-patient-a-remarkable-response-to-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy
#18
Ahmed Dirweesh, Muhammad Yasir Khan, Shaikh Fawad Hamiz, Nigahus Karabulut
BACKGROUND Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is known to involve the mucocutaneous tissues and the aero-digestive tracts. In acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients, KS has an aggressive course and carries poor prognosis. We present a case of pulmonary KS with osseous metastases as the first presentation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in a young male. The lesions impressively decreased in size and numbers following initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). CASE REPORT A 34-year-old heterosexual male presented with a one month history of cough and 15-20 pound weight loss within six months...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070557/resource-tracking-within-and-across-continents-in-long-distance-bird-migrants
#19
Kasper Thorup, Anders P Tøttrup, Mikkel Willemoes, Raymond H G Klaassen, Roine Strandberg, Marta Lomas Vega, Hari P Dasari, Miguel B Araújo, Martin Wikelski, Carsten Rahbek
Migratory birds track seasonal resources across and between continents. We propose a general strategy of tracking the broad seasonal abundance of resources throughout the annual cycle in the longest-distance migrating land birds as an alternative to tracking a certain climatic niche or shorter-term resource surplus occurring, for example, during spring foliation. Whether and how this is possible for complex annual spatiotemporal schedules is not known. New tracking technology enables unprecedented spatial and temporal mapping of long-distance movement of birds...
January 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036137/an-integrated-population-model-for-bird-monitoring-in-north-america
#20
Farshid S Ahrestani, James F Saracco, John R Sauer, Keith L Pardieck, J Andrew Royle
Integrated population models (IPMs) provide a unified framework for simultaneously analyzing data sets of different types to estimate vital rates, population size, and dynamics; assess contributions of demographic parameters to population changes; and assess population viability. Strengths of an IPM include the ability to estimate latent parameters and improve the precision of parameter estimates. We present a hierarchical IPM that combines two broad-scale avian monitoring data sets: count data from the North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) and capture-recapture data from the Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship (MAPS) program...
April 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
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