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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663914/retrospective-analysis-of-candida-related-conditions-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-caries
#1
Joanie Jean, Sara Goldberg, Ritu Khare, L Charles Bailey, Christopher B Forrest, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Hyun Koo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether there is an association between oral thrush or other Candida-related conditions in infancy and early childhood caries (ECC) diagnosed by pediatricians. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic health records from six national children's hospitals that participate in the PEDSnet research network. There were 1,012,668 children with a visit at ages one to 12 months and another visit at ages 13 to 71 months...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657930/establishment-and-development-of-the-first-biobank-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-suspected-to-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases-in-iran
#2
Roya Sherkat, Soodabeh Rostami, Majid Yaran, Mohammad Hassan Emami, Hosein Saneian, Hamid Tavakoli, Peyman Adibi, Mahdieh Behnam, Saba Sheykhbahaei, Bahram Bagherpour, Razieh Khoshnevisan, Somayeh Najafi
Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) might be an immunodeficiency rather than an excessive inflammatory reaction. IBD, suspected to primary immunodeficiency diseases biobank (IBDSPIDB) as a resource for researches can help improve the prevention, diagnosis, and illness treatment and the health promotion throughout the society. Therefore, we launched the biobank of IBDSPID for the first time in Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was designed to provide the IBDSPIDB to have a high-quality DNA, RNA, and cDNA...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651281/the-potential-of-isolation-source-to-predict-colonization-in-avian-hosts-a-case-study-in-campylobacter-jejuni-strains-from-three-bird-species
#3
Clara Atterby, Evangelos Mourkas, Guillaume Méric, Ben Pascoe, Helen Wang, Jonas Waldenström, Samuel K Sheppard, Björn Olsen, Josef D Järhult, Patrik Ellström
Campylobacter jejuni is the primary cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide, infecting humans mostly through consumption of contaminated poultry. C. jejuni is common in the gut of wild birds, and shows distinct strain-specific association to particular bird species. This contrasts with farm animals, in which several genotypes co-exist. It is unclear if the barriers restricting transmission between host species of such specialist strains are related to environmental factors such as contact between host species, bacterial survival in the environment, etc...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616401/dna-metabarcoding-of-nestling-feces-reveals-provisioning-of-aquatic-prey-and-resource-partitioning-among-neotropical-migratory-songbirds-in-a-riparian-habitat
#4
Brian K Trevelline, Tim Nuttle, Brandon D Hoenig, Nathan L Brouwer, Brady A Porter, Steven C Latta
Riparian habitats are characterized by substantial flows of emergent aquatic insects that cross the stream-forest interface and provide an important source of prey for insectivorous birds. The increased availability of prey arising from aquatic subsidies attracts high densities of Neotropical migratory songbirds that are thought to exploit emergent aquatic insects as a nestling food resource; however, the prey preferences and diets of birds in these communities are only broadly understood. In this study, we utilized DNA metabarcoding to investigate the extent to which three syntopic species of migratory songbirds-Acadian Flycatcher, Louisiana Waterthrush, and Wood Thrush-breeding in Appalachian riparian habitats (Pennsylvania, USA) exploit and partition aquatic prey subsidies as a nestling food resource...
April 3, 2018: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603471/interspecific-competition-promotes-habitat-and-morphological-divergence-in-a-secondary-contact-zone-between-two-hybridizing-songbirds
#5
Camille Sottas, Jiří Reif, Lechoslaw Kuczynski, Radka Reifová
Interspecific competition is assumed to play an important role in the ecological differentiation of species and speciation. However, empirical evidence for competition's role in speciation remains surprisingly scarce. Here we studied the role of interspecific competition in the ecological differentiation and speciation of two closely related songbird species, the Common Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) and the Thrush Nightingale (L. luscinia). Both species are insectivorous and ecologically very similar...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572065/pericentromeric-regions-of-homozygosity-on-the-x-chromosome-another-likely-benign-population-variant
#6
Elizabeth S Barrie, Yu Li, Devon Lamb-Thrush, Sayaka Hashimoto, Theodora Jacobson, Danielle Mouhlas, Robert Pyatt, Shalini C Reshmi, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Ruthann Pfau, Caroline Astbury
PURPOSE: While chromosomal regions of homozygosity (ROH) may implicate genes in known recessive disorders, their correlation to disease pathogenicity remains unclear. ROH around the centromere of the X chromosome (pericentromeric, pROH) is regarded as benign, although this has not been empirically demonstrated. METHODS: We examined microarray results from 122 female individuals harboring ROH bordering the X centromere. RESULTS: Consecutive ROH was most frequently observed for regions Xp11...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564539/assessing-seasonal-changes-in-animal-diets-with-stable-isotope-analysis-of-amino-acids-a-migratory-boreal-songbird-switches-diet-over-its-annual-cycle
#7
Camila Gómez, Thomas Larsen, Brian Popp, Keith A Hobson, Carlos Daniel Cadena
Tools to study seasonal changes in animal diets are needed to address a wide range of ecological questions. This is especially true of migratory animals that experience distinct environments where diets may be substantially different. However, tracking diets of individuals that move vast distances has proven difficult. Compound-specific isotope analysis has emerged as a valuable tool to study diets but has been little used to study dietary changes of migratory animals. Using this technique, we quantify seasonal variation in the annual diet of a migratory songbird (gray-cheeked thrush, Catharus minimus) and test the hypothesis that migrants change their diet in response to the energetic requirements of different periods of the annual cycle...
March 22, 2018: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545558/multifractal-analysis-reveals-music-like-dynamic-structure-in-songbird-rhythms
#8
Tina C Roeske, Damian Kelty-Stephen, Sebastian Wallot
Music is thought to engage its listeners by driving feelings of surprise, tension, and relief through a dynamic mixture of predictable and unpredictable patterns, a property summarized here as "expressiveness". Birdsong shares with music the goal to attract its listeners' attention and might use similar strategies to achieve this. We here tested a thrush nightingale's (Luscinia luscinia) rhythm, as represented by song amplitude envelope (containing information on note timing, duration, and intensity), for evidence of expressiveness...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533751/comorbidity-of-pfapa-periodic-fever-aphthous-stomatitis-pharyngitis-and-adenitis-patients-a-case-control-study
#9
Ulla Lantto, Sallamaaria Kettunen, Terhi Tapiainen, Petri Koivunen, Matti Uhari, Marjo Renko
OBJECTIVES: To compare the long-term morbidity of patients with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome treated by tonsillectomy (TE) in childhood to that of matched controls. METHODS: We identified 132 PFAPA patients from the medical records treated by TE in 1987-2007 in Oulu University Hospital, Finland. Altogether 119 patients participated the follow-up study and 94 were clinically examined on average 9.0 years after TE...
February 27, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511820/no-evidence-for-the-most-appropriate-postoperative-rehabilitation-protocol-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-concomitant-articular-cartilage-lesions-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Ciaran Thrush, Tabitha J Porter, Brian M Devitt
PURPOSE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture commonly occurs in conjunction with articular cartilage injury. However, there is no consensus on the most appropriate rehabilitation which should be carried out for ACL reconstruction (ACLR) and the surgical management of articular cartilage lesions of the knee. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to investigate the recommended rehabilitation protocol for patients undergoing ACLR with concomitant articular cartilage injury with a view to develop guidelines on the most appropriate treatment...
March 6, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500032/chronic-mucocutaneous-candidiasis-a-case-study-and-literature-review
#11
A R Khosravi, P Mansouri, Z Saffarian, G Vahedi, D Nikaein
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) is a clinically heterogeneous disease. Some immunologic and hormonal abnormalities have been associated with CMC. The factors that predispose host to CMC infection could be autosomal or acquisitive. The disease usually occurs in childhood. Here, we reviewed the published literature on chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and a four years old girl is presented with CMC. She had a history of recurrent thrush and otomycosis since the age of one. Candida albicans was detected in skin scraping and biopsy samples...
February 27, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494484/the-burden-of-fungal-diseases-in-romania
#12
Mihai Mareș, Valentina Ruxandra Moroti-Constantinescu, David W Denning
OBJECTIVE: To estimate for the first time the burden of fungal infections in Romania. METHODS: Data derived from the World Health Organization (WHO), National Institute of Statistics, Romanian public health agencies and non-profit health organizations, and published annual reports on local epidemiology were used in the present study. When no data were available, specific at-risk populations were used to calculate frequencies of serious fungal diseases, using previously published epidemiological parameters...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472041/adherence-to-best-practice-consensus-guidelines-for-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-results-from-the-ibra-national-practice-questionnaire-survey
#13
Senthurun Mylvaganam, Elizabeth J Conroy, Paula R Williamson, Nicola L P Barnes, Ramsey I Cutress, Matthew D Gardiner, Abhilash Jain, Joanna M Skillman, Steven Thrush, Lisa J Whisker, Jane M Blazeby, Shelley Potter, Christopher Holcombe
INTRODUCTION: The 2008 National Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction Audit demonstrated marked variation in the practice and outcomes of breast reconstruction in the UK. To standardise practice and improve outcomes for patients, the British professional associations developed best-practice guidelines with specific guidance for newer mesh-assisted implant-based techniques. We explored the degree of uptake of best-practice guidelines within units performing implant-based reconstruction (IBBR) as the first phase of the implant Breast Reconstruction Evaluation (iBRA) study...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460525/how-social-media-meet-patients%C3%A2-questions-youtube%C3%A2-review-for-children-oral-thrush
#14
D Di Stasio, A N Romano, R S Paparella, C Gentile, G Minervini, R Serpico, V Candotto, L Laino
YouTube™ is increasingly being used by patients to obtain health-related information. No studies have evaluated the content of YouTube™ videos on children oral thrush. The aim of this work is to examine the quality of information offered by this platform about oral thrush in children. Searching term “oral thrush in children” (OTC) displayed a total of 2.790 results. Of the top 60 videos analyzed, 27 were excluded. The main source of upload was from generalist information YouTube® channels (GC) followed by healthcare professionals (HP), individual users (IU), and healthcare information channels (HC); usefulness of videos is successfully correlated with the number of visualization, number of likes and viewing rate and was interdependent with the number of visualizations, number of likes and VR...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457530/a-new-insight-into-the-classification-of-dusky-thrush-complex-bearings-on-the-phylogenetic-relationships-within-the-turdidae
#15
Yuanqiu Dong, Bo Li, Lizhi Zhou
Dusky thrush complex comprises of two sister species breeding in SC Siberia, which is the member of thrush Turdus from Turdidae. The phylogenetic resolution of Dusky thrush complex remains controversial, and a detailed research is still necessary. In this research, we determined the complete mtDNAs of both species, and estimated phylogenetic trees based on the mtDNA alignment of these and 21 other Turdidae species, to clarify the taxa status of the Dusky thrush complex. The squenced lengths of these three mitochondrial genomes were 16,737, 16,788 and 16,750 bp...
February 18, 2018: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430650/competition-driven-niche-segregation-on-a-landscape-scale-evidence-for-escaping-from-syntopy-toward-allotopy-in-two-coexisting-sibling-passerine-species
#16
Jiří Reif, Radka Reifová, Anna Skoracka, Lechosław Kuczyński
1.The role of interspecific competition for generating patterns in species' distribution is hotly debated and studies taking into account processes occurring at both large and small spatial scales are almost missing. Theoretically, competition between species with overlapping niches should result in divergence of their niches in sympatry to reduce the costs of competition. Many species show a mosaic distribution within sympatric zones, with the syntopic sites occupied by both species, and allotopic sites where only one species occurs...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381764/potential-disruption-of-seed-dispersal-in-the-absence-of-a-native-kauai-thrush
#17
Monica Kaushik, Liba Pejchar, Lisa H Crampton
Hawaii has experienced a catastrophic decline in frugivorous native birds coupled with the introduction of non-native species. Puaiohi (Myadestes palmeri), a critically endangered thrush, is the sole extant native songbird capable of dispersing fleshy fruited plants in the rainforest of Kauai island, Hawaii. As this species has declined to occupy a small proportion of its original range, a suite of largely omnivorous non-native birds have been introduced to this region, including the common and widespread Japanese White-eye (Zosterops japonicus)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339458/coassociation-between-group-b-streptococcus-and-candida-albicans-promotes-interactions-with-vaginal-epithelium
#18
Grace R Pidwill, Sara Rego, Howard F Jenkinson, Richard J Lamont, Angela H Nobbs
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of neonatal sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis worldwide. In the majority of cases, GBS is transmitted vertically from mother to neonate, making maternal vaginal colonization a key risk factor for neonatal disease. The fungus Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen of the female genitourinary tract and the causative agent of vaginal thrush. Carriage of C. albicans has been shown to be an independent risk factor for vaginal colonization by GBS. However, the nature of interactions between these two microbes is poorly understood...
April 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319911/genomic-islands-of-differentiation-in-two-songbird-species-reveal-candidate-genes-for-hybrid-female-sterility
#19
Libor Mořkovský, Václav Janoušek, Jiří Reif, Jakub Rídl, Jan Pačes, Lukáš Choleva, Karel Janko, Michael W Nachman, Radka Reifová
Hybrid sterility is a common first step in the evolution of postzygotic reproductive isolation. According to Haldane's Rule, it affects predominantly the heterogametic sex. While the genetic basis of hybrid male sterility in organisms with heterogametic males has been studied for decades, the genetic basis of hybrid female sterility in organisms with heterogametic females has received much less attention. We investigated the genetic basis of reproductive isolation in two closely related avian species, the common nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) and the thrush nightingale (L...
February 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248328/global-carbon-cycling-on-a-heterogeneous-seafloor
#20
REVIEW
Paul V R Snelgrove, Karline Soetaert, Martin Solan, Simon Thrush, Chih-Lin Wei, Roberto Danovaro, Robinson W Fulweiler, Hiroshi Kitazato, Baban Ingole, Alf Norkko, R John Parkes, Nils Volkenborn
Diverse biological communities mediate the transformation, transport, and storage of elements fundamental to life on Earth, including carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. However, global biogeochemical model outcomes can vary by orders of magnitude, compromising capacity to project realistic ecosystem responses to planetary changes, including ocean productivity and climate. Here, we compare global carbon turnover rates estimated using models grounded in biological versus geochemical theory and argue that the turnover estimates based on each perspective yield divergent outcomes...
February 2018: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
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