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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538624/comparison-of-compensatory-reserve-and-arterial-lactate-as-markers-of-shock-and-resuscitation
#1
Michael Johnson, Abdul Alarhayem, Victor Convertino, Robert Carter, Kevin Chung, Ronald Stewart, John Myers, Daniel Dent, Lilian Liao, Ramon Cestero, Susannah Nicholson, Mark Muir, Martin Schwaca, David Wampler, Mark DeRosa, Brian Eastridge
BACKGROUND: During traumatic hemorrhage, the ability to identify shock and intervene prior to decompensation is paramount to survival. Lactate is extremely sensitive to shock and its clearance has been demonstrated a useful gauge of shock and resuscitation status. Though lactate can be measured in the field, logistical constraints render it impractical in certain environments. The Compensatory Reserve represents a new clinical measurement reflecting the remaining capacity to compensate for hypoperfusion...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538622/towards-precision-medicine-accurate-predictive-modeling-of-infectious-complications-in-combat-casualties
#2
Christopher J Dente, Matthew Bradley, Seth Schobel, Beverly Gaucher, Timothy Buchman, Allan D Kirk, Eric Elster
BACKGROUND: The biomarker profile of trauma patients may allow for the creation of models to assist bedside decision making & prediction of complications. We sought to determine the utility of modeling in the prediction of bacteremia & pneumonia in combat casualties. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational trial of patients with complex wounds treated at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center (2007-2012). Tissue, serum and wound effluent samples were collected during operative interventions until wound closure...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#3
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510511/corrigendum
#4
(no author information available yet)
Birkeland AC, Owen JH, Prince ME. 2015. Targeting head and neck cancer stem cells: current advances and future challenges. J Dent Res. 94(11):1516-1523. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0022034515601960 ) In this article, the funding source was not declared. The Acknowledgments have been updated in the online article as follows: Andrew Birkeland is a Research Fellow funded on a T32 Advanced Research Training in Otolaryngology Program Training Grant (T32 DC005356) funded by the National Institutes of Health NIDCD (National Institute On Deafness And Other Communication Disorders)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507864/technical-tip-mark-scarpa-s-fascia-to-facilitate-proper-abdominal-closure-during-autologous-breast-reconstruction
#5
Peter W Henderson, Briar L Dent, Joseph J Disa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501064/four-or-more-amalgam-fillings-correlate-with-higher-blood-mercury-levels-in-pregnant-women-but-not-high-enough-to-be-of-health-concern
#6
Stefanie L Russell
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Dental associations with blood mercury in pregnant women. Golding J, Steer CD, Gregory S, Lowery T, Hibbeln JR, Taylor CM. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2016; 44: 216-22. SOURCE OF FUNDING: This study was funded by a combination of government (UK Medical Research Council), foundation/nonprofit (the Welcome Trust) and university (University of Bristol, UK) grants. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501061/limited-evidence-shows-that-a-motivational-interviewing-approach-may-be-the-most-effective-behavioral-intervention-for-reducing-dental-caries-in-children
#7
Tracy L Finlayson
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Preventing childhood caries: a review of recent behavioral research. Albino J, Tiwari T. J Dent Res 2016;95(1):35-42. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Government. NIDCR grants U54DE019259 and 1K99DE024758-01A1. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Literature review.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501057/mini-implant-retained-complete-overdenture-can-be-an-alternative-treatment-option-for-selected-patients
#8
Yongjeong Kim
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Complete overdentures retained by mini implants: A systematic review. Lemos CAA, Verri FR, de Souza Batista VE, Santiago JF Jr, Mello CC, Pellizzer EP. J Dent 2017;57:4-13. SOURCE OF FUNDING: The authors did not report any external sources of fund. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501056/resin-infiltration-may-be-considered-as-a-color-masking-treatment-option-for-enamel-development-defects-and-white-spot-lesions
#9
Abdulraheem Alwafi
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Is resin infiltration an effective esthetic treatment for enamel development defects and white spot lesions? A systematic review. Borges AB, Caneppele TMF, Masterson D, Maia LC. J Dent 2017;56:11-8. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501055/limited-evidence-suggests-there-is-no-difference-between-the-clinical-longevity-of-direct-vs-indirect-composite-resins-in-class-i-and-ii-cavities
#10
Paul S Farsai
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Longevity of direct and indirect resin composite restorations in permanent posterior teeth: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Da Veiga AMA, Cunha AC, Ferreria DMTP, Fidalgo TK, Chianca TK, Reis KR, Maia LC. J Dent 2016;54:1-12. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This study was conducted as part of the master degree for one of the authors under supervision by another author. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501054/cement-and-screw-retained-implant-supported-restorations-showed-comparable-marginal-bone-loss-and-implant-survival-rate
#11
Ahmed Yaseen Alqutaibi
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Evaluation of cement-retained versus screw-retained implant-supported restorations for marginal bone loss: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Lemos CAA, de Souza Batista VE, de Faria Almeida DA, Júnior JFS, Verri FR, Pellizzer EP. J Prosthet Dent 2016; 115(4):419-27. SOURCE OF FUNDING: São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), grant 2014/02490-8. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501052/self-ligating-brackets-may-not-have-clinical-advantages-over-conventional-brackets-for-the-periodontal-health-of-adolescent-orthodontic-patients
#12
Kyungsup Shin
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: The effect of bracket ligation on the periodontal status of adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Arnold S, Koletsi D, Patcas R, Eliades T. J Dent 2016; 54:13-24. SOURCE OF FUNDING: The authors did not report any funding source information for the study TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469629/qtl-for-maize-midparent-heterosis-in-the-heterotic-pattern-american-dent-%C3%A3-european-flint-under-corn-borer-pressure
#13
Luis F Samayoa, Rosa A Malvar, Ana Butrón
Despite the importance of heterosis and the efforts to comprehend this phenomenon, its molecular bases are still unknown. In this study, we intended to detect Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for mid-parent heterosis under infestation with the Mediterranean corn borer (MCB, Sesamia nonagrioides Lef.) using a North Carolina design III approach with a RIL population derived from a European flint inbred (EP42) × American dent inbred (A637) cross. QTL for heterosis of kernel yield have been positioned in regions corresponding to previously identified QTL for the same trait in different backgrounds...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468971/paracrine-il-2-is-required-for-optimal-type-2-effector-cytokine-production
#14
Matthew R Olson, Benjamin J Ulrich, Sarah A Hummel, Ibrahim Khan, Brice Meuris, Yesesri Cherukuri, Alexander L Dent, Sarath Chandra Janga, Mark H Kaplan
IL-2 is a pleiotropic cytokine that promotes the differentiation of Th cell subsets, including Th1, Th2, and Th9 cells, but it impairs the development of Th17 and T follicular helper cells. Although IL-2 is produced by all polarized Th subsets to some level, how it impacts cytokine production when effector T cells are restimulated is unknown. We show in this article that Golgi transport inhibitors (GTIs) blocked IL-9 production. Mechanistically, GTIs blocked secretion of IL-2 that normally feeds back in a paracrine manner to promote STAT5 activation and IL-9 production...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466399/identification-and-management-of-statin-associated-symptoms-in-clinical-practice-extension-of-a-clinician-survey-to-12-further-countries
#15
Robert S Rosenson, Shravanthi R Gandra, Jan McKendrick, Ricardo Dent, Heather Wieffer, Lung-I Cheng, Alberico L Catapano, Paul Oh, G Kees Hovingh, Erik S Stroes
PURPOSE: Statins are the first-choice pharmacological treatment for patients with hypercholesterolemia and at risk for cardiovascular disease; however, a minority of patients experience statin-associated symptoms (SAS) and are considered to have reduced statin tolerance. The objective of this study was to establish how patients with SAS are identified and managed in clinical practice in Austria, Belgium, Colombia, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Portugal, Switzerland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates...
May 3, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452877/incompatible-type-a-plasma-transfusion-in-patients-requiring-massive-transfusion-protocol-outcomes-of-an-east-multicenter-study
#16
W Tait Stevens, Bryan C Morse, Andrew Bernard, Dan Davenport, Valerie G Sams, Michael Goodman, Russell Dumire, Matt Carrick, Patrick McCarthy, James R Stubbs, Timothy Pritts, Christopher J Dente, Xian Luo-Owen, Jason Gregory, David Turay, Dina Gomaa, Juan C Quispe, Caitlin A Fitzgerald, Nadeem Haddad, Asad Choudhry, Jose Quesada, Martin D Zielinski
With a relative shortage of type AB plasma, many centers have converted to type A plasma for resuscitation of patients whose blood type is unknown. The goal of this study is to determine outcomes for trauma patients who received incompatible plasma transfusions as part of a massive transfusion protocol (MTP). METHODS: As part of an EAST multi-institutional trial, registry and blood bank data were collected from 8 trauma centers for trauma patients (age ≥ 15 years) receiving emergency release plasma transfusions as part of MTPs from January 2012 - August 2016...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450877/responses-to-hypoxia-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-discriminate-the-development-of-vitreous-and-floury-endosperms-of-conventional-maize-zea-mays-inbred-lines
#17
Mathieu Gayral, Khalil Elmorjani, Michèle Dalgalarrondo, Sandrine M Balzergue, Stéphanie Pateyron, Marie-Hélène Morel, Sylvie Brunet, Laurent Linossier, Caroline Delluc, Bénédicte Bakan, Didier Marion
Major nutritional and agronomical issues relating to maize (Zea mays) grains depend on the vitreousness/hardness of its endosperm. To identify the corresponding molecular and cellular mechanisms, most studies have been conducted on opaque/floury mutants, and recently on Quality Protein Maize, a reversion of an opaque2 mutation by modifier genes. These mutant lines are far from conventional maize crops. Therefore, a dent and a flint inbred line were chosen for analysis of the transcriptome, amino acid, and sugar metabolites of developing central and peripheral endosperm that is, the forthcoming floury and vitreous regions of mature seeds, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448142/bottleneck-effect-of-n-n-dimethylformamide-in-inof-1-increasing-co2-capture-in-porous-coordination-polymers
#18
Elí Sánchez-González, Eduardo González-Zamora, Diego Martínez-Otero, Vojtech Jancik, Ilich A Ibarra
The bottleneck effect of confined N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) molecules was observed in InOF-1 for the first time: CO2 capture was remarkably enhanced in samples of as-synthesized InOF-1, thermally activated in such a way that a small residual amount of DMF molecules remained confined within the pores (DMF@InOF-1). Dynamic CO2 adsorption experiments on DMF@InOF-1 exhibited a CO2 capture of 8.06 wt % [1.5-fold higher than that of a fully activated InOF-1 (5.24%)]. DMF@InOF-1 can reversibly adsorb/desorb 8.09% CO2 with no loss of CO2 capacity after 10 cycles, and the desorption is accomplished by only turning the CO2 flow off...
April 27, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441361/immunization-strategies-targeting-newly-arrived-migrants-in-non-eu-countries-of-the-mediterranean-basin-and-black-sea
#19
Cristina Giambi, Martina Del Manso, Maria Grazia Dente, Christian Napoli, Carmen Montaño-Remacha, Flavia Riccardo, Silvia Declich, Network For The Control Of Cross-Border Health Threats In The Mediterranean Basin And Black Sea For The ProVacMed Project
Background: The World Health Organization recommends that host countries ensure appropriate vaccinations to refugees, asylum seekers and migrants. However, information on vaccination strategies targeting migrants in host countries is limited. Methods: In 2015-2016 we carried out a survey among national experts from governmental bodies of 15 non-EU countries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea in order to document and share national vaccination strategies targeting newly arrived migrants. Results: Four countries reported having regulations/procedures supporting the immunization of migrants at national level, one at sub-national level and three only targeting specific population groups...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424240/the-histone-acetyltransferase-gcn5-positively-regulates-t-cell-activation
#20
Beixue Gao, Qingfei Kong, Yana Zhang, Chawon Yun, Sharon Y R Dent, Jianxun Song, Donna D Zhang, Yiming Wang, Xuemei Li, Deyu Fang
Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) regulate inducible transcription in multiple cellular processes and during inflammatory and immune response. However, the functions of general control nonrepressed-protein 5 (Gcn5), an evolutionarily conserved HAT from yeast to human, in immune regulation remain unappreciated. In this study, we conditionally deleted Gcn5 (encoded by the Kat2a gene) specifically in T lymphocytes by crossing floxed Gcn5 and Lck-Cre mice, and demonstrated that Gcn5 plays important roles in multiple stages of T cell functions including development, clonal expansion, and differentiation...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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