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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926568/changing-hearts-and-minds-results-from-a-multi-country-gender-and-sexual-diversity-training
#1
Tonia Poteat, Chulwoo Park, Diego Solares, John K Williams, R Cameron Wolf, Noah Metheny, Andrea Vazzano, Juan Dent, Ashley Gibbs, Bareng Aletta Sanny Nonyane, Nora Toiv
Engaging key populations, including gender and sexual minorities, is essential to meeting global targets for reducing new HIV infections and improving the HIV continuum of care. Negative attitudes toward gender and sexual minorities serve as a barrier to political will and effective programming for HIV health services. The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), established in 2003, provided Gender and Sexual Diversity Trainings for 2,825 participants including PEPFAR staff and program implementers, U...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923175/frailty-and-usage-of-health-care-systems-results-from-the-south-australian-monitoring-and-surveillance-system-samss
#2
Elsa Dent, Eleonora Dal Grande, Kay Price, Anne W Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about frailty and its impact on health-care systems. Using large-scale population health surveillance data, this study determined the prevalence of frailty, its associated factors, and the impact it places on health care services. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional snapshot of the 2013-2015 South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System (SAMSS) database was used, focusing on individuals aged ≥65years. Frailty was assessed by the Frailty Index (FI), and classified as robust (scores≤0...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906434/surface-profiling-and-core-evaluation-of-aluminum-honeycomb-sandwich-aircraft-panels-using-multi-frequency-eddy-current-testing
#3
Tyler Reyno, P Ross Underhill, Thomas W Krause, Catharine Marsden, Diane Wowk
Surface damage on honeycomb aircraft panels is often measured manually, and is therefore subject to variation based on inspection personnel. Eddy current testing (ECT) is sensitive to variations in probe-to-specimen spacing, or lift-off, and is thus promising for high-resolution profiling of surface damage on aluminum panels. Lower frequency testing also allows inspection through the face sheet, an advantage over optical 3D scanning methods. This paper presents results from the ECT inspection of surface damage on an approximately flat aluminum honeycomb aircraft panel, and compares the measurements to those taken using optical 3D scanning technology...
September 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895831/texas-a-health-insurance-two-step
#4
Charlotte Huff
The Lone Star State continues to lead the country in the percentage of its residents without health insurance, although a dent has been made. As of 2015, 17% of Texans were uninsured, compared with 22% two years before, according to the most recent census bureau data.
July 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890628/multiple-bilateral-unerupted-supplemental-premolars-an-unusual-presentation-in-a-nonsyndromic-patient
#5
V Satish, Suman Panda, Prabhadevi Maganur, Ather Ahmed
Supernumerary teeth are one of the routinely encountered developmental disturbances representing one or more extra teeth in the jaws. These may resemble the teeth of the group to which it belongs, i.e., molars, premolars, or incisors, or it may bear little or no resemblance. Based on the morphologic appearance, it is classified as supplemental teeth or rudimentary teeth. The supplemental teeth are those that resemble the teeth to which it is associated and rudimentary teeth are those that do not resemble the teeth...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890627/role-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-evaluation-of-radicular-cyst-mimicking-dentigerous-cyst-in-a-7-year-old-child-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
B S Mahesh, Shilpa P Shastry, Padmashree S Murthy, T R Jyotsna
AIM: To report a rare case of large radicular cyst-associated deciduous tooth and to discuss the importance of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in diagnosing the condition. BACKGROUND: Radicular cyst is the most common cyst affecting the permanent teeth, but its occurrence in deciduous teeth is rare. Most of the radicular cysts are asymptomatic and are discovered accidentally when radiographs are taken. Conventional radiographs show two-dimensional images of three-dimensional objects...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890626/a-rare-concomitant-occurrence-of-talon-cusp-in-fused-mandibular-permanent-teeth-report-of-two-cases
#7
Mridula Goswami, Babita Jangra
Fusions of teeth and talon cusp are two rare developmental dental anomalies, affecting both primary and permanent dentitions. Both the anomalies are mostly reported as isolated finding and are rarely associated with other dental anomalies. Talon cusp is more common in maxillary anterior teeth in permanent dentition and fusion is commonly reported in mandibular teeth in primary dentition. The concomitant occurrence of talon cusp and fusion is rare and its occurrence in fused mandibular permanent teeth is also rare...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890625/a-misdiagnosed-odontogenic-tumor-a-clinical-dilemma
#8
Chitrita G Mukherjee, Uday Mukherjee, Anju Bansal, Anupriya Jha
Odontogenic myxomas are rarely occurring, slow-growing, asymptomatic, and locally aggressive odontogenic tumors with high rate of recurrence, mainly of ectomesenchymal origin. Three-dimensional imaging techniques can be used to diagnose such pathological lesions, but have limited use as they are not cost-effective and are selectively available for better outcome. Following is a case report of OM of a 5-year-old child with a brief discussion on its diagnosis and management. HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Mukherjee CG, Mukherjee U, Bansal A, Jha A...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890624/closing-a-large-maxillary-median-diastema-using-bapat-power-arm
#9
Shirish M Bapat, Chanchal Singh, Prashant Bandejiya
AIM: The aim of this study is to present a case of large maxillary median diastema closed by bodily movement of central incisors using Bapat power arm (BPA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After extraction of mesiodens, a power chain with a force of 120 gm was applied to BPA ligated to preadjusted edgewise brackets bonded to maxillary central incisors to move them over round steel wire for closure of resultant diastema. Bonded retainer was placed after the closure of median diastema...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890623/childhood-occurrence-of-pemphigus
#10
Raju U Patil, Rajesh T Anegundi, Kumar R Gujjar, K R Indushekar
Pemphigus is a chronic mucocutaneous disease that initially manifests in the form of intraoral blisters which spread to other mucous membrane and skin. This study describes an unusual case of chronic generalized childhood pemphigus disease in an 11-year-old girl, who presented with multiple vesicles all over her body. Such a condition is seen more often in older people rather than children. It is crucial for dental professionals to be familiar with the diagnosis of bullous skin diseases in children and adolescents, especially in its initial stages in order to prevent the serious consequences and morbidity...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890622/rare-condition-of-dens-invaginatus-in-a-maxillary-primary-molar-and-a-birooted-maxillary-primary-canine-diagnosed-during-routine-examination
#11
Eliana Costa Barbosa Brandão, Apoena Aguiar Ribeiro, Luciane Monte Alto Seabra
Congenital morphological dental alterations are related to the physiological phase of tooth development. Since the etiology of the dens invaginatus and supernumerary roots has yet to be fully determined, a rare presentation of dens invaginatus in a primary molar and a birooted deciduous maxillary canine were incidentally detected in routine radiographic examinations. Essential clinical considerations and treatment options are presented. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study highlights the importance of a deep and comprehensive anamnesis and clinical examination, with radiographs taken when necessary...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890621/soft-tissue-applications-of-er-cr-ysgg-laser-in-pediatric-dentistry
#12
Gyanendra Kumar, Ferah Rehman, Vivek Chaturvedy
Soft tissue laser, such as diode and Nd:YAG lasers were initially used in soft tissue lesions because of its increased success rate. It was because of the fact that these lasers were well-absorbed by chromophores, such as hemoglobin and melanin which are found abundant in the oral mucosa. The introduction of erbium family in 1990 comprising the Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers made the hard tissue laser a boon for dentistry. Erbium, chromium-doped yttrium, scandium, gallium and garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) was introduced in 1997 for the surgical needs of clinical dentistry in general practice...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890620/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-severe-early-childhood-caries-in-12-to-36-month-old-children-of-sirmaur-district-himachal-pradesh-india
#13
Ritu G Mangla, Raman Kapur, Abhishek Dhindsa, Manish Madan
AIM: To assess the prevalence, distribution, and associated risk factors of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) among 12- to 36-month-old children of district Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on a random sample of 510 children, both boys and girls, between 12 and 36 months of age randomly selected from various government-sponsored day-care centers, private day-care centers, and vaccination centers. Caries was recorded using World Health Organization criteria...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890619/prevalence-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-to-the-permanent-anterior-teeth-among-9-to-14-year-old-schoolchildren-of-navi-mumbai-kharghar-belapur-region-india
#14
Rahul Hegde, Geet Agrawal
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence of anterior teeth trauma in 9- to 14-year-old schoolchildren and their association with predisposing factors, such as lip competence, molar relationship, overjet, and variables, such as age, gender, and cause of trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out among 3,012 schoolchildren aged 9 to 14 years in Navi Mumbai (Kharghar-Belapur region). The sample size was derived using the stratified random sampling method; we picked six schools from the region...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890618/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-among-6-to-12-year-old-children-in-bhopal-city-india
#15
Satish Maran, N D Shashikiran, Pratibha Ahirwar, Priyanka Maran, Pawan Raj Kannojiya, Babita Niranjan
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and trauma are the most common oral health problems for many decades. There is need for prevalence data to analyze the nature of the problems and to take necessary steps in improving public health. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of dental caries and traumatic dental injuries among schoolchildren of age 6 to 12 years in Bhopal city. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design was selected. Universal sampling method was followed in this study...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890617/prevalence-of-oral-complications-occurring-in-a-population-of-pediatric-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#16
Kapil Gandhi, Geetika Datta, Shilpa Ahuja, Tanvi Saxena, Ankush G Datta
Multiagent chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or a combination of both are the contemporary methods of cancer treatment. With medical advancements, though cure rates have increased considerably, focus is now shifted to the potential early and late complications of the same. The aim of this study was to assess the early oral complications in pediatric patients receiving chemotherapy. Sixty-two children with cancer undergoing chemotherapy with the mean age of 7.42 ± 3.6 years were included in the study. The various types of malignancies and oral problems during chemotherapy were recorded in the subjects...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890616/clinical-and-practical-implications-of-storage-media-used-for-tooth-avulsion
#17
REVIEW
Vineet Is Khinda, Gurpreet Kaur, Gurlal S Brar, Shiminder Kallar, Heena Khurana
Replantation is being widely accepted as an effective treatment option for an avulsed tooth. However, the long-term fate of replanted teeth is unpredictable; it is dependent on various factors, such as the time interval between avulsion and replantation, extra-alveolar storage period (dry storage or storage media), the vitality status of pulp or periodontal tissues and the type and period of splinting. The appropriate use of storage media is an important clinical factor affecting the postoperative prognosis of avulsed teeth following replantation...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890615/antibacterial-inhibitory-effects-of-punica-granatum-gel-on-cariogenic-bacteria-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Grazielle Millo, Apa Juntavee, Ariya Ratanathongkam, Natsajee Nualkaew, Jomjai Peerapattana, Supaporn Chatchiwiwattana
AIM: This study evaluated the in vitro antibacterial effects of the formulated Punica granatum (PG) gel against Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis, and Lactobacillus casei. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PG extract was dissolved in water at 500 mg/mL. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for identification and quantification of chemical marker punicalagin. Minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and time-kill assay (TKA) were investigated...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890614/comparison-of-clinical-and-radiographic-success-rates-of-pulpotomy-in-primary-molars-using-ferric-sulfate-and-bioactive-tricalcium-silicate-cement-an-in-vivo-study
#19
Kavita Sirohi, Mohita Marwaha, Anil Gupta, Kalpana Bansal, Ankit Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Formocresol has been a popular pulpotomy medicament for many years. It is considered the "gold standard" in pediatric dentistry. However, concerns have been raised over its use in children. It has been reported that formocresol has toxic and mutagenic effects in cell culture, dental crypts, and precancerous epithelial cells. Therefore, additional biocompatible treatment alternatives are required to replace formocresol pulpotomy. AIMS: This study compared the clinical and radiographic success rates of ferric sulfate (FS) and bioactive tricalcium silicate cement (Biodentine, Septodont) as pulpotomy agents in primary molar teeth over a period of 9 months...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890613/assessment-of-vitamin-b12-and-its-correlation-with-dental-caries-and-gingival-diseases-in-10-to-14-year-old-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Shivayogi M Hugar, Neha S Dhariwal, Andleeb Majeed, Chandrashekhar Badakar, Niraj Gokhale, Laresh Mistry
AIM: To assess the level of vitamin B12 and correlate it with dental caries [decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) score] and gingival diseases [plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI)]. DESIGN: Healthy children according to the inclusion criteria were selected by the computerized randomization method from a school to assess the vitamin B12 levels using Centaur/ Versace machine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected to assess vitamin B12 levels using automated analyzer...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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