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Rogério Ribas Lange, Leandro Lima, Erika Frühvald, Vera Sônia Nunes da Silva, Aparecida Sônia de Souza, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
The aim of this investigation is to describe the potential contributing nutritional factors involved in the development of ophthalmic and dermatologic changes in four Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris spp tigris) cubs fed an artificial milk formula. The affected animals were compared with two other tiger cubs that had been nursed by their dam naturally. After the first clinical signs appeared, the tiger cubs underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Severe symmetric generalized alopecia over the trunk, sparing the head and distal portion of the front and rear limbs, bilateral cataracts and strabismus were noticed...
2017: Open veterinary journal
K Ullas Karanth, Arjun Srivathsa, Divya Vasudev, Mahi Puri, Ravishankar Parameshwaran, N Samba Kumar
Species within a guild vary their use of time, space and resources, thereby enabling sympatry. As intra-guild competition intensifies, such behavioural adaptations may become prominent. We assessed mechanisms of facilitating sympatry among dhole (Cuon alpinus), leopard (Panthera pardus) and tiger (Panthera tigris) in tropical forests of India using camera-trap surveys. We examined population-level temporal, spatial and spatio-temporal segregation among them across four reserves representing a gradient of carnivore and prey densities...
February 8, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Prasad Daggupati, Raghavan Srinivasan, Mehdi Ahmadi, Deepa Verma
Tigris and Euphrates river basin (TERB) is one of the largest river basins in the Middle East, and the precipitation (in the form of snowfall) is a major source of streamflow. This study investigates the spatial and temporal variability of precipitation and streamflow in TERB to better understand the hydroclimatic variables and how they varied over time. The precipitation shows a decreasing trend with 1980s being wetter and 2000s being drier. A total of 55 and 40% reduction in high flows in Tigris and Euphrates rivers at T20 and E3 was seen in post-reservoir period...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Prasad Daggupati, Raghavan Srinivasan, Yihun Taddele Dile, Deepa Verma
The Hawizeh marsh, a unique wetland which is part of the Mesopotamian marshes, is recognized as a wetland of international importance. The marsh has been shrinking and there has been little research into its degradation. This study aims to reconstruct historical water regimes in the contributing basins (Tigris and Karkheh river Basins, TKRB) to investigate factors that have affected the wellbeing of the marsh. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was used for this study. The model was calibrated and validated using nine river gauging stations...
December 21, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Ni Wayan Kurniani Karja, Mokhamad Fahrudin, Mohamad Agus Setiadi, Ligaya Ita Tumbelaka, Retno Sudarwati, Yohana Tri Hastuti, Bongot Huas Mulia, Ardyta Widianti, Keni Sultan, Tsukasa Terazono, Zhao Namula, Masayasu Taniguchi, Fuminori Tanihara, Tatsuya Takemoto, Kazuhiro Kikuchi, Yoko Sato, Takeshige Otoi
BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of semen is one of the most important methods for the preservation of endangered tigers. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of sugar supplementation on the cryosurvival of spermatozoa from Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The post-thaw characteristics and fertility of spermatozoa cryopreserved with different sugars (glucose, lactose, and trehalose) were evaluated using heterologous in-vitro fertilisation with cat oocytes...
July 2016: Cryo Letters
Pietro Milillo, Roland Bürgmann, Paul Lundgren, Jacqueline Salzer, Daniele Perissin, Eric Fielding, Filippo Biondi, Giovanni Milillo
We present a detailed survey of the ongoing destabilization process of the Mosul dam. The dam is located on the Tigris river and is the biggest hydraulic structure in Iraq. From a geological point of view the dam foundation is poor due to a site geology formed by alternating strata of highly soluble materials including gypsum, anhydrite, marl and limestone. Here we present the first multi-sensor cumulative deformation map for the dam generated from space-based interferometric synthetic aperture radar measurements from the Italian constellation COSMO-SkyMed and the European sensor Sentinel-1a over the period 2014-2016 that we compare to an older dataset spanning 2004-2010 acquired with the European Envisat satellite...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Christopher Wolf, William J Ripple
Large terrestrial carnivores are an ecologically important, charismatic and highly endangered group of species. Here, we assess the importance of prey depletion as a driver of large carnivore endangerment globally using lists of prey species for each large carnivore compiled from the literature. We consider spatial variation in prey endangerment, changes in endangerment over time and the causes of prey depletion, finding considerable evidence that loss of prey base is a major and wide-ranging threat among large carnivore species...
August 2016: Royal Society Open Science
Azad Teimori, Hamid Reza Esmaeili, Golnaz Sayyadzadeh, Neda Zarei, Ali Gholamhosseini
The Iranian Persian chub is an endemic species of the family Cyprinidae known only from few localities in drainages of Southern Iran. It was originally described in the genus Pseudophoxinus as (Pseudophoxinus persidis) and then Petroleuciscus (as Petroleuciscus persidis). In this study, we examined phylogenetic relationships of the Iranian Persian chub with other relatives in the family Cyprinidae based on the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to estimate the phylogenetic (and taxonomic) position of the species...
December 2015: Molecular Biology Research Communications
Jörg Freyhof
Tylognathus elegans, from the lower Tigris River drainage in Iraq, was previously placed in Pseudogarra and Hemigrammocapoeta. Studies based on mitochondrial (COI) and nuclear molecular markers (Rhodopsin) place T. elegans in Garra. As the species is poorly known, it is redescribed here.
October 6, 2016: Zootaxa
Jörg Freyhof
Nemacheilid loaches of the genus Oxynoemacheilus are common fishes all over the Middle East (Freyhof et al. 2011). From Iran, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. (2015) recognised 12 species from Iran (O. angorae (Steindachner), O. araxensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant), O. bergianus (Derjavin), O. brandtii (Kessler), O. chomanicus (Kamangar, Prokofiev, Ghaderi & Nalbant), O. frenatus (Heckel), O. kermanshahensis (Bănărescu & Nalbant), O. kiabii (Golzarianpour, Abdoli & Freyhof), O. kurdistanicus (Kamangar, Prokofiev, Ghaderi & Nalban)t, O...
October 12, 2016: Zootaxa
Andreas Heinrich, Felix V Güttler, Florian Schlesies, René Aschenbach, Niklas Eckardt, Ulf K-M Teichgräber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure artifacts and visibility of lumen for modern and most commonly used stents in vascular interventions according to a standardized test method of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four peripheral self-expanding nitinol stents and three stainless steel stents with diameters between 5 and 8 mm and lengths between 30 and 250 mm from seven different manufacturers were compared on a 1...
October 14, 2016: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Taofeng Lu, Yujiao Sun, Qin Ma, Minghao Zhu, Dan Liu, Jianzhang Ma, Yuehui Ma, Hongyan Chen, Weijun Guan
The Siberian tiger, Panthera tigris altaica, is an endangered species, and much more work is needed to protect this species, which is still vulnerable to extinction. Conservation efforts may be supported by the genetic assessment of wild populations, for which highly specific microsatellite markers are required. However, only a limited amount of genetic sequence data is available for this species. To identify the genes involved in the lung transcriptome and to develop additional simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for the Siberian tiger, we used high-throughput RNA-Seq to characterize the Siberian tiger transcriptome in lung tissue (designated 'PTA-lung') and a pooled tissue sample (designated 'PTA')...
December 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Lina Zhao, Feng Zhang
Springtails, especially entomobryids, are abundant in Karst faunas. Five new species of Sinella Brook are described here from caves in southern China: S. liuae sp. nov., S. hunanica sp. nov., S. tigris sp. nov., S. minuta sp. nov. and S. tiani sp. nov. A new record of Sinella sineocula Chen & Christiansen, is also recorded. These species differ in claw structure, chaetae on ventral side of the head, and body chaetotaxy. An updated key to cave species of Sinella from China is provided.
September 7, 2016: Zootaxa
Somkiat Huaijantug, Komsan Manatpreprem, Sukhumarn Manatpreprem, Paranee Yatmark
Ultrasonographic measurements of kidney size are useful in the practical diagnosis of kidney diseases in animals. In tigers, there is a lack of information regarding the ultrasonography methods used to measure the kidney size of the tiger. Thirty-three healthy captive tigers (Panthera tigris) were placed in lateral recumbency for ultrasonography. The measurements obtained from the ultrasonography were computed, and the results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between genders in terms of body weight and renal length...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Boon-Hong Kong, Nget-Hong Tan, Shin-Yee Fung, Jayalakshmi Pailoor
Lignosus also known as "Tiger Milk Mushroom," is classified in the family Polyporaceae and mainly consumed for its medicinal properties in Southeast Asia and China. The sclerotium is known as the part with medicinal value and often used by the natives to treat a variety of ailments. Lignosus tigris Chon S. Tan, one of the species of the Malaysia Tiger Milk mushroom, has recently been successfully cultivated in laboratory. Earlier studies have demonstrated the L. tigris cultivar E sclerotia exhibited beneficial biomedicinal properties...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Varsha Kapoor, Tyler Antonelli, Jennifer A Parkinson, Adam Hartstone-Rose
The predominant diet fed to captive carnivores in North America consists of ground meat formulated to provide full nutritional requirements. However, this ground meat diet completely lacks the mechanical properties (i.e., toughness and hardness) of the foods these animals would consume in the wild. The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of captivity on oral health by comparing the prevalence of periodontal disease and dental calculus accumulation in wild and captive lions and tigers (Panthera leo and Panthera tigris), and to also correlate oral health with cranial morphology in these specimens...
August 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
Ryan A Sadler, Edward Ramsay, Denise McAloose, Robert Rush, Rebecca P Wilkes
Canine distemper virus (CDV) has caused clinical disease and death in nondomestic felids in both captive settings and in the wild. Outbreaks resulting in high mortality rates in tigers (Panthera tigris) have prompted some zoos to vaccinate tigers for CDV. In this study, six tigers received a recombinant canarypox-vectored CDV vaccine (1 ml s.c.) and were revaccinated with 3 ml s.c. (mean) 39 days later. Blood collection for CDV antibody detection via serum neutralization was performed on (mean) days 0, 26, and 66 post-initial vaccination...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Edward Ramsay, Ryan Sadler, Robert Rush, Tracie Seimon, Ania Tomaszewicz, Ellen A Fleetwood, Denise McAloose, Rebecca P Wilkes
Three methods for delivering a live attenuated canine distemper virus (CDV) vaccine to domestic cats ( Felis catus ) were investigated, as models for developing vaccination protocols for tigers (Panthera tigris). Twenty domestic cats were randomly divided into four treatment groups: saline injection (negative controls); and oral, intranasal, and subcutaneous vaccinates. Cats were injected with saline or a CDV vaccine (Nobivac DP, Merck) at wk 0 and 4. Blood and nasal swabs were collected at wk 0 (prior to the initial vaccination) and weekly thereafter for 9 wk...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Davut Turan, Yusuf Bektaş, Cüneyt Kaya, Esra Bayçelebi
Alburnoides diclensis sp. n. is described from the Tigris River drainages (Persian Gulf basin) in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey. It is distinguished by a combination of the following characters (none unique to the species): a poorly developed ventral keel between pelvic and anal fins, completely scaled or rarely without one scale in front of anus; head short (length 24-27% SL), its upper profile markedly convex on level of nostril; mouth terminal, with marked chin; lips equal to or upper lip slightly longer than lower lip; snout with rounded tip, its length equal to or greater than eye diameter but smaller than interorbital distance; body moderately deep (depth at dorsal-fin origin 25-30% SL); anal-fin depth 1...
January 20, 2016: Zootaxa
Simone B Soso, Jacek A Koziel
Scent-marking is the most effective method of communication in the presence or absence of a signaler. These complex mixtures result in a multifaceted interaction triggered by the sense of smell. The objective was to identify volatile organic compound (VOC) composition and odors emitted by total marking fluid (MF) associated with Siberian tigers (Panthera tigris altaica). Siberian tiger, an endangered species, was chosen because its MF had never been analyzed. Solid phase microextraction (SPME) for headspace volatile collection combined with multidimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry for simultaneous chemical and sensory analyses were used...
June 25, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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