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Edgard Costa de Vilhena, Euclides Ayres de Castilho
Context • Worldwide, 35 million people suffer from obesity. Mental disorders have been associated with being overweight or obese. Considerable evidence has shown a correlation between stress and the use of homeopathy and stress and obesity. However, few studies have examined the relationship between weight loss and homeopathic treatment of obesity. Objective • The study intended to evaluate the efficacy of a homeopathic treatment in preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy in overweight or obese women who were suspected of having a common mental disorder...
October 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Saulo Euclides Silva-Filho, Luiz Alexandre Marques Wiirzler, Heitor Augusto Otaviano Cavalcante, Nancy Sayuri Uchida, Francielli Maria de Souza Silva-Comar, Gabriel Fernando Esteves Cardia, Expedito Leite da Silva, Rafael Pazinatto Aguiar, Ciomar Aparecida Bersani-Amado, Roberto Kenji Nakamura Cuman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Pogostemon cablin essential oil (PEO) on leukocyte behavior in the inflammatory response. METHODS AND RESULTS: PEO was analyzed using Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/SM) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) methods and showed predominance of patchoulol (38.50%), α-bulnesene (20.37%), α-guaiene (12.31%), seychellene (8.33%) and α-patchoulene (4.91%). PEO at concentrations of 1, 3, 10, 30, 60 and 90μg/ml reduced the in vitro neutrophil chemotaxis toward fMLP, and at concentrations of 3 and 10μg/ml, increased the phagocytic activity of neutrophils...
November 12, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Wonjoo Kim, Anupam Chattopadhyay, Anne Siemon, Eike Linn, Rainer Waser, Vikas Rana
Redox-based resistive switching random access memory (ReRAM) offers excellent properties to implement future non-volatile memory arrays. Recently, the capability of two-state ReRAMs to implement Boolean logic functionality gained wide interest. Here, we report on seven-states Tantalum Oxide Devices, which enable the realization of an intrinsic modular arithmetic using a ternary number system. Modular arithmetic, a fundamental system for operating on numbers within the limit of a modulus, is known to mathematicians since the days of Euclid and finds applications in diverse areas ranging from e-commerce to musical notations...
November 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Janice García-Quiroz, Rocío García-Becerra, Nancy Santos-Martínez, Euclides Avila, Fernando Larrea, Lorenza Díaz
BACKGROUND: In normal and neoplastic cells, growth-promoting, proangiogenic, cytotoxic and pro-apoptotic effects have all been attributed to cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (CAMP). Nevertheless, little is known about the factors regulating this peptide expression in breast cancer. Herein we asked if the well-known antineoplastic hormone calcitriol could differentially modulate CAMP gene expression in human breast cancer cells depending on the cell phenotype in terms of efficacy and potency...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Science
Boscolli Barbosa Pereira, Paolla Brandão da Cunha, Guilherme Gomes Silva, Edimar Olegário de Campos Júnior, Sandra Morelli, Cláudio Alves Vieira Filho, Euclides Antônio Pereira de Lima, Marcos Antônio Souza Barrozo
The development of parameters to explore the link between air-related diseases and their significant driving forces is an important aim in terms of national economics and public health. In this study, we did an integrated analysis involving multiple environmental health indicators from Uberlândia, Brazil, registered before and during a period when the Brazilian government reduced taxes on new cars in a bid to bolster local manufacturing. In addition, the present study utilized Driving Force-Pressure-State-Exposure-Effect-Action (DPSEEA) frameworks to evaluate correlations in environmental health indicators over 10 years (2004-2013), in which the Brazilian government reduced vehicle production taxes beginning in 2008...
November 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Federico Martinón-Torres, Eileen Png, Chiea Chuen Khor, Sonia Davila, Victoria J Wright, Kar Seng Sim, Ana Vega, Laura Fachal, David Inwald, Simon Nadel, Enitan D Carrol, Nazareth Martinón-Torres, Sonia Marcos Alonso, Angel Carracedo, Elvira Morteruel, Julio López-Bayón, Andrés Concha Torre, Cristina Calvo Monge, Pilar Azcón González de Aguilar, Elisabeth Esteban Torné, María Del Carmen Martínez-Padilla, José María Martinón-Sánchez, Michael Levin, Martin L Hibberd, Antonio Salas
Meningococcal disease (MD) remains an important infectious cause of life threatening infection in both industrialized and resource poor countries. Genetic factors influence both occurrence and severity of presentation, but the genes responsible are largely unknown. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) examining 5,440,063 SNPs in 422 Spanish MD patients and 910 controls. We then performed a meta-analysis of the Spanish GWAS with GWAS data from the United Kingdom (combined cohorts: 897 cases and 5,613 controls; 4,898,259 SNPs)...
November 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
Vincenzo De Risi
The paper lists several editions of Euclid's Elements in the Early Modern Age, giving for each of them the axioms and postulates employed to ground elementary mathematics.
2016: Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Juliana Cristhina Friedrich, Adriana Gonela, Maria Celeste Gonçalves Vidigal, Pedro Soares Vidigal Filho, José Alfredo Sturion, Euclides Lara Cardozo
The aim of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical and genetic diversity, relationships and identification of mate (Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil.) elite genetic resources belonging to the Brazilian germplasm collection and mate breeding program. Mate has been studied due to the presence of phytochemical compounds, especially methylxanthines and phenolic compounds. The samples were collected from the leaves of 76 mate elite genetic resources (16 progenies x 5 localities). Total DNA was extracted from mate leaves and twenty random primers were used for DNA amplification...
October 4, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Alex Tserkovny
The paper presents a mathematical framework for approximate geometric reasoning with extended objects in the context of Geography, in which all entities and their relationships are described by human language. These entities could be labelled by commonly used names of landmarks, water areas, and so forth. Unlike single points that are given in Cartesian coordinates, these geographic entities are extended in space and often loosely defined, but people easily perform spatial reasoning with extended geographic objects "as if they were points...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Mark H Wilcox, James D Chalmers, Carl E Nord, Jane Freeman, Emilio Bouza
The incidence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in Europe has increased markedly since 2000. Previous meta-analyses have suggested a strong association between cephalosporin use and CDI, and many national programmes on CDI control have focused on reducing cephalosporin usage. Despite reductions in cephalosporin use, however, rates of CDI have continued to rise. This review examines the potential association of CDI with cephalosporins, and considers other factors that influence CDI risk. EUCLID (the EUropean, multicentre, prospective biannual point prevalence study of CLostridium difficile Infection in hospitalized patients with Diarrhoea) reported an increase in the annual incidence of CDI from 6...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Janice García-Quiroz, Rocío García-Becerra, Galia Lara-Sotelo, Euclides Avila, Sofía López, Nancy Santos-Martínez, Ali Halhali, David Ordaz-Rosado, David Barrera, Andrea Olmos-Ortiz, María J Ibarra-Sánchez, José Esparza-López, Fernando Larrea, Lorenza Díaz
Factors affecting vitamin D metabolism may preclude anti-carcinogenic effects of its active metabolite calcitriol. Chronic ethanol consumption is an etiological factor for breast cancer that affects vitamin D metabolism; however, the mechanisms underlying this causal association have not been fully clarified. Using a murine model, we examined the effects of chronic moderate ethanol intake on tumoral and renal CYP27B1 and CYP24A1 gene expression, the enzymes involved in calcitriol synthesis and inactivation, respectively...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Rohan G Maharaj, Aileen Standard-Goldson, Cherilyn Hanna-Mahase, Sonia Roache-Barker, Colette Cunningham-Myrie, M Shastri Motilal, Carnille Farquharson, Euclid Morris, Joanne Paul-Charles, Pauline Williams-Green, O Peter Adams
: Context and background: To describe the Family Medicine (FM) postgraduate training programme at the University of the West Indies (UWI). Actions and activities: This paper was created through a review of documents, and discussions with past and present coordinators and key stakeholders at four campuses in the English-speaking Caribbean (ESC). LESSONS LEARNED: Despite intermittent setbacks the FM programme in the ESC has grown due to: (1) The presence of an umbrella institution in the UWI...
September 2016: Education for Primary Care
Euclides Almeida, Ora Bitton, Yehiam Prior
A hologram is an optical element storing phase and possibly amplitude information enabling the reconstruction of a three-dimensional image of an object by illumination and scattering of a coherent beam of light, and the image is generated at the same wavelength as the input laser beam. In recent years, it was shown that information can be stored in nanometric antennas giving rise to ultrathin components. Here we demonstrate nonlinear multilayer metamaterial holograms. A background free image is formed at a new frequency-the third harmonic of the illuminating beam...
2016: Nature Communications
Kerrie A Davies, Helen Ashwin, Christopher M Longshaw, David A Burns, Georgina L Davis, Mark H Wilcox
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the major cause of infective diarrhoea in healthcare environments. As part of the European, multicentre, prospective, biannual, point-prevalence study of Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalised patients with diarrhoea (EUCLID), the largest C. difficile epidemiological study of its type, PCR ribotype distribution of C. difficile isolates in Europe was investigated. PCR ribotyping was performed on 1,196 C. difficile isolates from diarrhoeal samples sent to the European coordinating laboratory in 2012-13 and 2013 (from two sampling days) by 482 participating hospitals from 19 European countries...
July 21, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Junfeng Li, Xiaoxia Wan, Yajing Bu, Chan Li, Jinxing Liang, Qiang Liu
Noninvasive examination methods of chemical composition and particle size are presented here based on visible spectroscopy to achieve the identification and recording of mineral pigments used on ancient wall paintings. The normalized spectral curve, slope and curvature extracted from visible spectral reflectance are combined with adjustable weighting coefficients to construct the identification feature space, and Euclid distances between spectral reflectance from wall paintings and a reference database are calculated in the feature space as the discriminant criterion to identify the chemical composition of mineral pigments...
July 26, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
Tiago Cavalcanti Iwanaga, José Lamartine de Andrade Aguiar, Euclides Dias Martins-Filho, Flávio Kreimer, Fernando Luiz Silva-Filho, Amanda Vasconcelos de Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: The use of measures in colonic anastomoses to prevent dehiscences is of great medical interest. Sugarcane molasses, which has adequate tolerability and compatibility in vivo, has not yet been tested for this purpose. AIM: To analyze the biomechanical parameters of colonic suture in rats undergoing colectomy, using sugarcane molasses polysaccharide as tape or gel. METHODS: 45 Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus) were randomized into three groups of 15 animals: irrigation of enteric sutures with 0...
April 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Gabriel Costa de Andrade, Luciana Harumi Fujise, Jaime Euclides de Santana, Fabiane Oliveira, Rita de Cássia Martins Alves da Silva
INTRODUCTION: NAFLD is an heterogeneous condition that includes steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), in the absence of significant alcohol consumption, reaching 30% of the population. The most common risk factors are: age, gender, ethnicity, diabetes mellitus (DM), obesity, predisposition, metabolic syndrome (MS), insulin resistance (IR), drugs, and polycystic ovary syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of patients with NAFLD seen at Hospital de Base of Rio Preto, in the state of São Paulo...
May 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Ayse Serra Artan, Fatih Kircelli, Ercan Ok, Murvet Yilmaz, Gulay Asci, Cengiz Dogan, Ozgur Oto, Kutay Gunestepe, Ali Basci, Mehmet Sukru Sever
BACKGROUND: Application and consequences of hemodialysis treatment may differ between genders; focusing on these differences may be useful to optimize outcomes. METHODS: Data from 1 999 648 hemodialysis sessions performed in 10 984 (3316 incident and 7668 prevalent) patients, treated in 55 centers of the European Clinical Database (EuCliD)-Turkey, were analyzed, and various demographic, clinical, biochemical, therapeutic and prognostic parameters were compared. RESULTS: There were 1905 male and 1411 female incident and 4339 male and 3329 female prevalent patients...
June 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
Andrea Olmos-Ortiz, Janice García-Quiroz, Rebeca López-Marure, Irma González-Curiel, Bruno Rivas-Santiago, Aleida Olivares, Euclides Avila, David Barrera, Ali Halhali, Felipe Caldiño, Fernando Larrea, Lorenza Díaz
Male fetus and neonates show increased immune vulnerability compared to females, which results in a higher risk of perinatal infections. These differences could partially be due to sex steroids differential modulation of vitamin D metabolism; since calcitriol, the most active vitamin D metabolite, regulates immune responses and transcriptionally induces the antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin in the human placenta. Calcitriol availability depends on CYP27B1 and CYP24A1 expression, the cytochromes involved in its synthesis and degradation, respectively...
October 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Jeffrey S Berger, Brian G Katona, W Schuyler Jones, Manesh R Patel, Lars Norgren, Iris Baumgartner, Juuso Blomster, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Peter Held, Marcus Millegård, Gretchen Heizer, Craig Reist, F Gerry Fowkes, William R Hiatt
BACKGROUND: Despite overwhelming data demonstrating the efficacy of antiplatelet therapy in heart disease and stroke, data in peripheral artery disease (PAD) are less compelling. Aspirin has modest evidence supporting a reduction in cardiovascular events in patients with PAD, whereas clopidogrel monotherapy may be more effective in PAD. Ticagrelor, a potent, reversibly binding P2Y12 receptor antagonist, is beneficial in patients with acute coronary syndrome and prior myocardial infarction...
May 2016: American Heart Journal
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