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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911041/impact-of-rabies-vaccination-history-on-attainment-of-an-adequate-antibody-titre-among-dogs-tested-for-international-travel-certification-israel-2010-2014
#1
B Yakobson, N Taylor, N Dveres, S Rotblat, Ż Spero, E W Lankau, J Maki
Rabies is endemic in wildlife or domestic carnivore populations globally. Infection of domestic dogs is of particular concern in many areas. In regions where domestic animals are at risk of exposure to rabies virus, dogs should be routinely vaccinated against rabies to protect both pet and human populations. Many countries require demonstration of an adequate level of serum rabies neutralizing antibodies to permit entry of dogs during international travel. We analysed rabies titres of dogs seeking travel certification in Israel to assess demographic and vaccine history factors associated with antibody titres below the acceptable threshold for travel certification...
December 2, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900325/giant-idiopathic-renal-arteriovenous-fistula-managed-by-coils-and-amplatzer-device-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Prashant Nagpal, Girish Bathla, Sachin S Saboo, Ashish Khandelwal, Abhishek Goyal, Frank J Rybicki, Michael L Steigner
An idiopathic renal arteriovenous (AV) fistula is a rare malformation of the kidney that may present insidiously with heart failure or hematuria. The treatment may be challenging due to large fistula size that may limit endovascular management. The authors report a case of an 85-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with acute heart failure and was found to have a right renal AV fistula. Since she had no prior history of renal intervention or trauma, a diagnosis of idiopathic renal AV fistula was made. She was managed by endoluminal occlusion using multiple stainless steel coils and Amplatzer vascular plug II device...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893529/the-role-of-theory-specific-techniques-and-therapeutic-alliance-in-promoting-positive-outcomes-integrative-psychotherapy-for-world-trade-center-responders
#3
Peter Tejas Haugen, Aditi Sinha Werth, Alyce Lauren Foster, Jesse Owen
World Trade Center responders demonstrate high symptom burden, underscoring the importance of refining treatment approaches for this cohort. One method is examining the impact of therapy techniques on outcomes, and the interactions between technique and alliance on outcomes. This study a) examined the interaction of early treatment techniques on integrative psychotherapy outcomes and b) explored whether associations differed at varying levels of alliance. Twenty-nine adult responders diagnosed with partial or full posttraumatic stress disorder received outpatient psychotherapy and completed weekly measures of alliance, technique, and symptom distress...
December 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890451/sniffing-the-diagnosis-olfactory-testing-in-neurodegenerative-parkinsonism
#4
F Krismer, B Pinter, C Mueller, P Mahlknecht, M Nocker, E Reiter, A Djamshidian-Tehrani, S M Boesch, G K Wenning, C Scherfler, W Poewe, K Seppi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic utility of olfactory testing in patients with neurodegenerative parkinsonism. METHODS: The Sniffin' Sticks test battery for assessment of odor identification, discrimination, and threshold was applied to patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) as well as healthy controls (HC). Two different cohorts were analyzed: A PD/healthy control that included PD patients and HC as well as a PD/diseased control cohort for which patients PD, MSA and PSP were recruited...
November 21, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889913/long-term-melatonin-treatment-delays-ovarian-aging
#5
Hiroshi Tamura, Mai Kawamoto, Shun Sato, Isao Tamura, Ryo Maekawa, Toshiaki Taketani, Hiromi Aasada, Eiichi Takaki, Akira Nakai, Russel J Reiter, Norihiro Sugino
Ovarian aging is characterized by gradual declines in oocyte quantity and quality. Melatonin is considered an anti-aging agent due to its cytoprotective actions as an antioxidant. The present study examined whether long-term melatonin treatment would delay ovarian aging in mice. Female ICR mice (10 weeks old) were given melatonin-containing water (100 μg/ml; melatonin) or water only until 43 weeks of age. Their oocytes were recovered from the oviduct, and in vitro fertilization was performed. The ovaries were used for a histological analysis of the number of follicles...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887978/mild-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-reversible-splenial-lesion-mers-due-to-dengue-virus
#6
Choong Yi Fong, Mi Mi Ko Khine, Alan Basil Peter, Wei Kang Lim, Faizatul Izza Rozalli, Kartini Rahmat
A 14-year-old girl presented with encephalopathy, delirium and ophthalmoplegia following a 3day history of high-grade fever. Brain MRI on day 6 of illness showed diffusion restricted ovoid lesion in the splenium of corpus callosum. Dengue virus encephalitis was diagnosed with positive PCR for dengue virus type-2 in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid. She made a complete recovery from day 10 of illness. Repeat brain MRI on day 12 of illness showed resolution of the splenial lesion. Serial diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) showed normal fractional anisotropy values on resolution of splenial lesion indicating that MERS was likely due to transient interstitial oedema with preservation of white matter tracts...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886784/tuberculosis-and-the-heart
#7
REVIEW
Arthur K Mutyaba, Mpiko Ntsekhe
Owing to the high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS, tuberculous heart disease remains an important problem in TB endemic areas. In this review, we reiterate salient aspects of the traditional understanding and approach to its management, and provide important updates on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment garnered over the past decade of focused clinical and basic science research. We emphasize that, if implemented widely, these improved evidence-based approaches to the disease can build on the early progress made in treating tuberculous heart disease and help further the goal of significantly reducing its historically high morbidity and mortality...
February 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886506/measurement-of-excitation-spectra-in-the-12-c-p-d-reaction-near-the-%C3%AE-emission-threshold
#8
Y K Tanaka, K Itahashi, H Fujioka, Y Ayyad, J Benlliure, K-T Brinkmann, S Friedrich, H Geissel, J Gellanki, C Guo, E Gutz, E Haettner, M N Harakeh, R S Hayano, Y Higashi, S Hirenzaki, C Hornung, Y Igarashi, N Ikeno, M Iwasaki, D Jido, N Kalantar-Nayestanaki, R Kanungo, R Knöbel, N Kurz, V Metag, I Mukha, T Nagae, H Nagahiro, M Nanova, T Nishi, H J Ong, S Pietri, A Prochazka, C Rappold, M P Reiter, J L Rodríguez-Sánchez, C Scheidenberger, H Simon, B Sitar, P Strmen, B Sun, K Suzuki, I Szarka, M Takechi, I Tanihata, S Terashima, Y N Watanabe, H Weick, E Widmann, J S Winfield, X Xu, H Yamakami, J Zhao
Excitation spectra of ^{11}C are measured in the ^{12}C(p,d) reaction near the η^{'} emission threshold. A proton beam extracted from the synchrotron SIS-18 at GSI with an incident energy of 2.5 GeV impinges on a carbon target. The momenta of deuterons emitted at 0° are precisely measured with the fragment separator (FRS) operated as a spectrometer. In contrast to theoretical predictions on the possible existence of deeply bound η^{'}-mesic states in carbon nuclei, no distinct structures are observed associated with the formation of bound states...
November 11, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885835/sequential-enzymatic-conversion-of-%C3%AE-angelica-lactone-to-%C3%AE-valerolactone-through-hydride-independent-c-c-bond-isomerization
#9
Nikolaus G Turrini, Elisabeth Eger, Tamara C Reiter, Kurt Faber, Mélanie Hall
A case of hydride-independent reaction catalyzed by flavin-dependent ene-reductases from the Old Yellow Enzyme (OYE) family was identified. α-Angelica lactone was isomerized to the conjugated β-isomer in a nicotinamide-free and hydride-independent process. The catalytic cycle of C=C bond isomerization appears to be flavin-independent and to rely solely on a deprotonation-reprotonation sequence through acid-base catalysis. Key residues in the enzyme active site were mutated and provided insight on important mechanistic features...
November 25, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885819/annual-banned-substance-review-analytical-approaches-in-human-sports-drug-testing
#10
Mario Thevis, Tiia Kuuranne, Hans Geyer, Wilhelm Schänzer
There has been an immense amount of visibility of doping issues on the international stage over the past 12 months and the complexity of doping controls has been reiterated on various occasions. Hence, analytical test methods continuously being updated, expanded, and improved to provide specific, sensitive, and comprehensive test results in line with the World Anti-Doping Agency's (WADA) 2016 Prohibited List represent one of several critical cornerstones of doping controls. This enterprise necessitates expediting the (combined) exploitation of newly generated information on novel and/or superior target analytes for sports drug testing assays, drug elimination profiles, alternative test matrices, and recent advances in instrumental developments...
November 25, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884595/melatonin-protection-against-age-related-cardiac-pathology
#11
REVIEW
Gaia Favero, Lorenzo Franceschetti, Barbara Buffoli, Moghadasian H Mohammed, Russel J Reiter, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Rita Rezzani
Aging is a complex and progressive process that involves physiological and metabolic deterioration in every organ and system. Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity among elderly subjects worldwide. Most age-related cardiovascular disorders can be influenced by modifiable behaviours such as a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables, avoidance of smoking, increased physical activity and reduced stress. The role of diet in prevention of various disorders is a well-established factor, which has an even more important role in the geriatric population...
November 21, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881181/efficacy-of-ulv-and-thermal-aerosols-of-deltamethrin-for-control-of-aedes-albopictus-in-nice-france
#12
Saïd C Boubidi, David Roiz, Marie Rossignol, Fabrice Chandre, Romain Benoit, Marc Raselli, Charles Tizon, Bernard Cadiou, Reda Tounsi, Christophe Lagneau, Didier Fontenille, Paul Reiter
BACKGROUND: Ultra-low volume (ULV) insecticidal aerosols dispensed from vehicle-mounted cold-foggers are widely considered the method of choice for control of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus during outbreaks of dengue and chikungunya and, more recently, Zika. Nevertheless, their effectiveness has been poorly studied, particularly in Europe. Nearly all published studies of ULV efficacy are bio-assays based on the mortality of caged mosquitoes. In our study we preferred to monitor the direct impact of treatments on the wild mosquito populations...
November 23, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878777/vitamin-k-supplementation-to-prevent-hemorrhagic-morbidity-and-mortality-of-newborns-in-india-and-china
#13
REVIEW
Rajesh Kumar Rai, Jing Luo, Theodore Herzl Tulchinsky
BACKGROUND: Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) can cause prolonged and bleeding (intracranial hemorrhage) among newborns, which can be life-threatening or lead to long-term morbidity. The aim of this review article is to reiterate empirical evidence to support the argument that vitamin K should be mandatory for newborns in India and China, as well as in other countries with a high burden of neonatal deaths. DATA SOURCES: Studies were integrated from the PubMed/MEDLINE database search, as well as related literature available elsewhere...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876355/lung-protective-ventilatory-strategies-in-intubated-preterm-neonates-with-rds
#14
REVIEW
F Reiterer, B Schwaberger, T Freidl, G Schmölzer, G Pichler, B Urlesberger
This article provides a narrative review of lung-protective ventilatory strategies (LPVS) in intubated preterm infants with RDS. A description of strategies is followed by results on short-and long-term respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Strategies will include patient-triggered or synchronized ventilation, volume targeted ventilation, the technique of intubation, surfactant administration and rapid extubation to NCPAP (INSURE), the open lung concept, strategies of high-frequency ventilation, and permissive hypercapnia...
October 26, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875311/single-binding-mode-integration-of-hemicellulose-degrading-enzymes-via-adaptor-scaffoldins-in-ruminococcus-flavefaciens-cellulosome
#15
Pedro Bule, Victor Diogo Alves, André Leitão, Luis M A Ferreira, Edward A Bayer, Steven P Smith, Harry J Gilbert, Shabir Najmudin, Carlos M G A Fontes
The assembly of one of Nature most elaborate multi-enzyme complexes, the cellulosome, results from the binding of enzyme-borne dockerins to reiterated cohesin domains located in a non-catalytic primary scaffoldin. Generally, dockerins present two similar cohesin binding interfaces that support a dual binding mode. The dynamic integration of enzymes in cellulosomes, afforded by the dual binding mode, is believed to incorporate additional flexibility in highly populated multi-enzyme complexes. Ruminococcus flavefaciens, the primary degrader of plant structural carbohydrates in the rumen of mammals, uses a portfolio of more than 220 different enzymes to assemble the most intricate cellulosome known to date...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873137/casper-an-online-pre-interview-screen-for-personal-professional-characteristics-prediction-of-national-licensure-scores
#16
Kelly L Dore, Harold I Reiter, Sharyn Kreuger, Geoffrey R Norman
Typically, only a minority of applicants to health professional training are invited to interview. However, pre-interview measures of cognitive skills predict for national licensure scores (Gauer et al. in Med Educ Online 21 2016) and subsequently licensure scores predict for performance in practice (Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 288(23): 3019-3026, 2002; Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 298(9):993-1001, 2007). Assessment of personal and professional characteristics, with the same psychometric rigour of measures of cognitive abilities, are needed upstream in the selection to health profession training programs...
November 21, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867393/melatonin-application-to-pisum-sativum-l-seeds-positively-influences-the-function-of-the-photosynthetic-apparatus-in-growing-seedlings-during-paraquat-induced-oxidative-stress
#17
Katarzyna Szafrańska, Russel J Reiter, Małgorzata M Posmyk
Melatonin, due to its pleiotropic effects plays an important role improving tolerance to stresses. Plants increase endogenous melatonin synthesis when faced with harsh environments as well as exogenously applied melatonin limits stress injuries. Presented work demonstrated that single melatonin application into the seeds during pre-sowing priming improved oxidative stress tolerance of growing seedlings exposed to paraquat (PQ). PQ is a powerful herbicide which blocks the process of photosynthesis under light conditions due to free radicals excess production, when O2 is rapidly converted to [Formula: see text] and subsequently to other reactive oxygen species...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864361/causes-of-male-infertility-a-9-year-prospective-monocentre-study-on-1737-patients-with-reduced-total-sperm-counts
#18
M Punab, O Poolamets, P Paju, V Vihljajev, K Pomm, R Ladva, P Korrovits, M Laan
STUDY QUESTION: What are the primary causes of severe male factor infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although 40% of all patients showed primary causes of infertility, which could be subdivided into three groups based on the severity of their effect, ~75% of oligozoospermia cases remained idiopathic. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There are few large-scale epidemiological studies analyzing the causes of male factor infertility. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A prospective clinical-epidemiological study was conducted at the Andrology Centre, Tartu University Hospital between 2005 and 2013, recruiting male partners of couples failing to conceive a child for over ≥12 months...
November 17, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853023/bilateral-disciform-keratitis-in-reiter-s-syndrome
#19
Palanisamy S Suresh
Reiter's syndrome is commonly associated with conjunctivitis and rarely with uveitis. Bilateral disciform keratitis at presentation is a very rare manifestation in Reiter's syndrome. A 13-year-old boy developed bilateral disciform keratitis with oligoarthritis following an episode of conjunctivitis. In addition he had suspected bacterial keratitis with hypopyon in the left eye as a possible secondary infection of an epithelial defect that is a feature of Reiter's keratitis. Empirical treatment with intensive topical antibiotics as a therapeutic trial completely resolved the hypopyon and the disciform keratitis settled with topical steroid treatment...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850788/1151-implementing-a-venous-thromboembolism-prevention-program-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#20
Beth Wathen, Pamela Reiter, Bryce Clark, Brian Branchford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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