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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811123/emergency-department-involvement-in-accountable-care-organizations-in-massachusetts-a-survey-study
#1
Nissa J Ali, J Michael McWilliams, Stephen K Epstein, Peter B Smulowitz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess Massachusetts emergency department (ED) involvement and internal ED constructs within accountable care organization contracts. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to 70 Massachusetts ED directors. Questions attempted to assess involvement of EDs in accountable care organizations and the structures in place in EDs-from departmental resources to physician incentives-to help achieve accountable care organization goals of decreasing spending and improving quality...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810977/moving-beyond-accidental-leadership-a-graduate-medical-education-leadership-curriculum-needs-assessment
#2
Joshua D Hartzell, Clifton E Yu, Brian M Cohee, Michael R Nelson, Ramey L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Despite calls for greater physician leadership, few medical schools, and graduate medical education programs provide explicit training on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to be an effective physician leader. Rather, most leaders develop through what has been labeled "accidental leadership." A survey was conducted at Walter Reed to define the current status of leadership development and determine what learners and faculty perceived as key components of a leadership curriculum...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804867/sources-of-distress-for-physicians-and-nurses-working-in-swiss-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#3
Sabine D Klein, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Manya J Hendriks, Ruth Baumann-Hölzle, Jürg C Streuli, Thomas M Berger, Jean-Claude Fauchère, On Behalf Of The Swiss Neonatal End-Of-Life Study Group
BACKGROUND: Medical personnel working in intensive care often face difficult ethical dilemmas. These may represent important sources of distress and may lead to a diminished self-perceived quality of care and eventually to burnout. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to identify work-related sources of distress and to assess symptoms of burnout among physicians and nurses working in Swiss neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: In summer 2015, we conducted an anonymous online survey comprising 140 questions about difficult ethical decisions concerning extremely preterm infants...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800832/knowledge-of-appropriate-outpatient-pediatric-echocardiogram-ordering-in-primary-care-physicians-and-trainees
#4
Sean M Lang, Joshua A Daily, Micheal R FitzGerald, Xinyu Tang, Thomas H Best, James M Robbins, R Thomas Collins
Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for the initial use of outpatient pediatric echocardiography were established to aid all clinicians in the evaluation of children with possible heart disease, and limit low diagnostic yield studies. We sought to (1) assess PCPs' and trainees' awareness of the AUC document; (2) compare their knowledge of appropriate echocardiogram ordering with that of pediatric cardiologists; and (3) identify additional medical and nonmedical factors affecting PCP echocardiogram ordering. An online survey with clinical scenarios derived from the AUC guidelines was distributed to PCPs and trainees in Arkansas, and pediatric cardiologists from Arkansas Children's Hospital and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792097/a-closer-lens-cancer-survivors-supportive-intervention-preferences-and-interventions-received
#5
Joanna J Arch, Rachel Vanderkruik, Alex Kirk, Alaina L Carr
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivor preferences for formal interventions designed to provide psychological support remain relatively unknown. To address this gap, we evaluated cancer survivors' preferences for psychological intervention, whom they preferred to recommend such intervention, and how their preferences compared with what they currently received. METHODS: U.S. cancer survivors (n = 345) who were at least 2 months post-treatment for diverse forms of cancer were recruited online to complete a survey study...
August 9, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781974/do-major-league-baseball-team-physicians-harvest-the-semitendinosus-from-the-drive-leg-or-landing-leg-when-performing-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-on-elite-baseball-pitchers
#6
Brandon J Erickson, Peter N Chalmers, Jeffrey R Dugas, Bernard R Bach, Gregory P Nicholson, Nikhil N Verma, Christopher S Ahmad, Anthony A Romeo
BACKGROUND: Hamstring autograft is a common graft choice when performing ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR). PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to survey Major League Baseball (MLB) team physicians and determine whether these physicians harvest the hamstring (semitendinosus or gracilis) from the drive leg (ipsilateral to surgical site) or landing leg (contralateral to surgical site) when performing UCLR on elite-level pitchers. The hypothesis was that the majority of surgeons harvest the hamstring from the drive leg when performing a UCLR...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770523/healthcare-professionals-knowledge-of-influenza-and-influenza-vaccination-results-of-a-national-survey-in-poland
#7
Ernest Kuchar, Kamila Ludwikowska, Adam Antczak, Aneta Nitsch-Osuch
In Poland, the seasonal influenza vaccination rate is just barely 3% which may be related to the unsatisfactory knowledge of influenza among healthcare professionals, poor recognition of the benefits of influenza immunization and the fear of side effects. To address these issues, we surveyed healthcare professionals through an online questionnaire consisting of 18 closed-ended items. The questionnaire was completed by 495 healthcare professionals, mostly physicians (83%). The results revealed gaps in the knowledge concerning influenza diagnosis, complications, risk groups, and prognostic factors...
August 3, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762989/investigational-overview-of-supervised-clinical-practice-experiences
#8
Bobbie Morici, Paul D Bradford, Joseph Leese
PURPOSE: While the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant (ARC-PA) provides standards, there is variation allowed in design and implementation of supervised clinical practice experiences (SCPEs). Limited research has assessed for a correlation between SCPE design and program outcomes, including PANCE "First-Time Taker Pass Rate." The objective of this research is to evaluate for trends and best practices in clinical education design, as well as any correlation to PANCE pass rate...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759920/-a-decade-of-online-physician-rating-websites-in-germany-an-assessment-of-the-current-level-of-development
#9
Martin Emmert, Nina Meszmer
Objective On physician-rating websites (PRW), patients have the opportunity to search for physicians and also evaluate their performance. PRW in Germany has been in existence for a decade; this study aims to provide an overview of the current level of their significance for both patients and the health care system. Methods (1) A systematic internet search was carried out to identify German PRW. (2) Online-derived cross-sectional data (N=1,044 respondents) were analyzed with respect to awareness, usage, and impact of PRW as well as patient preferences when searching online for physicians...
July 31, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753825/perceived-role-of-social-media-in-urologic-knowledge-acquisition-among-young-urologists-a-european-survey
#10
Juan Gomez Rivas, Moises Rodriguez Socarras, Giulio Patruno, Pieter Uvin, Francesco Esperto, Paulo Jorge Dinis, Morgan Roupret, Hendrik Borgmann
BACKGROUND: Social media (SoMe) are increasingly being integrated into personal and professional life, with urology being a leading medical specialty in SoMe adoption. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the perceived role of SoMe in urologic knowledge acquisition among young urologists across Europe. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Members of the European Society of Residents in Urology designed a 20-item online survey via surveymonkey.com. The survey was designed in accordance with Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys (CHERRIES) guidelines and was distributed via e-mail and social media in 23 European countries to urology residents and young urologists...
July 27, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745420/reasons-for-not-discontinuing-antipsychotics-in-dementia
#11
Sarah I M Janus, Jeannette G van Manen, Sytse U Zuidema, Carina Snijder, Constance H C Drossaert, Maarten J Ijzerman
BACKGROUND: The gap between high antipsychotic prescription rates for patients with dementia and the guidelines' advice to prescribe cautiously indicates that barriers to discontinuation exist. This exploratory study used the theory of planned behaviour to give a first overview of the factors that influence physicians to discontinue antipsychotics in nursing home patients with dementia. METHODS: Forty-one physicians in the Netherlands completed an online survey based on the theory of planned behaviour...
July 26, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737045/pharmacist-s-demand-for-optimal-primary-care-service-delivery-in-a-community-pharmacy-the-optipharm-study
#12
Mark A Munger, Michael Walsh, Jon Godin, Michael Feehan
BACKGROUND: The US population continues to expand providing the need for primary health care services. Community pharmacies integrated with medicine may provide greater access while providing high quality care. OBJECTIVE: To gauge pharmacists' demand for primary health care services delivered through community pharmacies. METHODS: An online survey was administered to determine community pharmacists' preferences for varying primary care services that could be offered in the community pharmacy setting...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734951/emergency-department-management-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state-national-survey-of-attitudes-and-practice
#13
Alexandra L Hamelin, Justin W Yan, Ian G Stiell
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the Association, now Diabetes Canada, published national clinical practice guidelines for the effective management of diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic states in adults. We sought to determine emergency physician compliance rates and attitudes toward these guidelines and to identify potential barriers to their use in Canadian emergency departments. METHODS: An online survey consisting of questions related to the awareness and use of the Canadian Diabetes Association 2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in Canada was distributed to 500 randomly selected members of the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians...
July 19, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727233/optimal-pessary-care-a-modified-delphi-consensus-study
#14
Gwendolyn L Hooper, Shanna Atnip, Katharine O'Dell
INTRODUCTION: Support pessaries are an important, low-risk treatment option for women with vaginal prolapse but evidence to inform optimal practice is lacking. Currently, gynecologists, urologists, and urogynecologists recommend silicone vaginal support pessaries as first-line treatment for symptomatic vaginal prolapse in women of all ages. It is unknown how many providers who are not physicians prescribe and care for women using pessaries. For this study we attempted to collect opinions of expert nurse providers who fit pessaries on topics related to pessary care and management in an effort to develop consensus to guide practice...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717899/the-effects-of-public-disclosure-of-industry-payments-to-physicians-on-patient-trust-a-randomized-experiment
#15
Alison R Hwong, Sunita Sah, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Financial ties between physicians and the pharmaceutical and medical device industry are common, but little is known about how patient trust is affected by these ties. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how viewing online public disclosure of industry payments affects patients' trust ratings for physicians, the medical profession, and the pharmaceutical and medical device industry. DESIGN: This was a randomized experimental evaluation...
July 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717725/minding-the-gaps-in-cancer-pain-management-education-a-multicenter-study-of-clinical-residents-and-fellows-in-a-low-versus-high-resource-setting
#16
Charles Amoatey Odonkor, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Oswald Tetteh, Andy Haig, Robert Samuel Mayer, Thomas J Smith
PURPOSE: Inadequate pain management training has been reported as a major cause of undertreatment of cancer pain. Yet, past research has not comprehensively compared the quality of cancer pain management education among physicians in training in high-resource countries (HRCs) with those in low-resource countries (LRCs). The purpose of this study was to examine and compare gaps in cancer pain management education among physician trainees in an HRC (United States) versus an LRC (Ghana)...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706088/evaluating-the-importance-of-policy-amenable-factors-in-explaining-influenza-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-multinational-study
#17
Ana Wheelock, Marisa Miraldo, Angus Thomson, Charles Vincent, Nick Sevdalis
OBJECTIVES: Despite continuous efforts to improve influenza vaccination coverage, uptake among high-risk groups remains suboptimal. We aimed to identify policy amenable factors associated with vaccination and to measure their importance in order to assist in the monitoring of vaccination sentiment and the design of communication strategies and interventions to improve vaccination rates. SETTING: The USA, the UK and France. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2412 participants were surveyed across the three countries...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701460/clinician-self-efficacy-in-initiating-discussions-about-gestational-weight-gain
#18
Helena Piccinini-Vallis
OBJECTIVE: To compare prenatal care providers' perceived self-efficacy in starting discussions about gestational weight gain with pregnant women under a variety of conditions of gradated difficulty, when weight gain has been in excess of current guidelines. DESIGN: A 42-item online questionnaire related to the known barriers to and facilitators of having discussions about gestational weight gain. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Prenatal care providers were contacted through the Family Medicine Maternity Care list server of the College of Family Physicians of Canada...
July 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701459/staff-perceptions-of-community-health-centre-team-function-in-ontario
#19
Jennifer Rayner, Laura Muldoon
OBJECTIVE: To examine perceptions of different staff groups about team functioning in mature, community-governed, interprofessional primary health care practices. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: The 75 community health centres (CHCs) in Ontario at the time of the study, which have cared for people with barriers to access to traditional health services in community-governed, interprofessional settings, providing medical, social, and community services since the 1970s...
July 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699936/clinician-attitudes-regarding-icd-deactivation-in-dnr-dni-patients
#20
Andrew Bradley, Adam Marks
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) offer lifesaving therapies but can become burdensome at the end of life. Many ICD patients choose to implement a do-not-resuscitate/do-not-intubate (DNR/DNI) order. When hospitalized, patients are seen by a range of clinicians whose beliefs about ICD management in DNR/DNI patients may vary. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinician opinions on managing ICDs in DNR/DNI patients and stratify it by specialty and training level...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
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