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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913069/otolaryngology-sleep-medicine-curriculum-objectives-as-determined-by-sleep-experts
#1
Nathan Cass, Alan Kominsky, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
PURPOSE: (1) Ascertain the most important concepts and topics for otolaryngology resident education in sleep medicine and surgery, as determined by faculty who teach sleep medicine to otolaryngology residents. (2) Create learning objectives within the area of otolaryngologic sleep medicine in order to design a sleep medicine curriculum for otolaryngology residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two web-based surveys were sent to 163 academic otolaryngologists who teach sleep medicine...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912864/clinical-and-epidemiological-aspects-of-scorpionism-in-the-world-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Maria S V Santos, Cláudio G L Silva, Basílio Silva Neto, Cícero R P Grangeiro Júnior, Victor H G Lopes, Antônio G Teixeira Júnior, Deryk A Bezerra, João V C P Luna, Josué B Cordeiro, Jucier Gonçalves Júnior, Marcos A P Lima
OBJECTIVE: Scorpion stings are registered worldwide, but the incidence and the features of the envenomations vary depending on the region. The aim of this review was to summarize the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic data worldwide regarding humans stung by scorpions. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted through the online databases of the Virtual Health Library (VHL), which hosts Medline and the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Informational (LILACS) database...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912768/quasi-continuous-parallel-online-scattered-light-fluorescence-and-dissolved-oxygen-tension-measurement-combined-with-monitoring-of-the-oxygen-transfer-rate-in-each-well-of-a-shaken-microtiter-plate
#3
Tobias Ladner, Markus Held, David Flitsch, Mario Beckers, Jochen Büchs
BACKGROUND: Microtiter plates (MTP) are often applied as culture vessels in high-throughput screening programs. If online measuring techniques are available, MTPs can also be applied in the first steps of process development. For such small-scale bioreactors dipping probes are usually too large; therefore, optical measurements are often used. For example, the BioLector technology allows for the online monitoring of scattered light and fluorescence in each well of a continuously orbitally shaken MTP...
December 3, 2016: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911901/the-researchers-view-of-scientific-rigor-survey-on-the-conduct-and-reporting-of-in-vivo-research
#4
Thomas S Reichlin, Lucile Vogt, Hanno Würbel
Reproducibility in animal research is alarmingly low, and a lack of scientific rigor has been proposed as a major cause. Systematic reviews found low reporting rates of measures against risks of bias (e.g., randomization, blinding), and a correlation between low reporting rates and overstated treatment effects. Reporting rates of measures against bias are thus used as a proxy measure for scientific rigor, and reporting guidelines (e.g., ARRIVE) have become a major weapon in the fight against risks of bias in animal research...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911487/external-inspection-of-compliance-with-standards-for-improved-healthcare-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Gerd Flodgren, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Marie-Pascale Pomey
BACKGROUND: Inspection systems are used in healthcare to promote quality improvements (i.e. to achieve changes in organisational structures or processes, healthcare provider behaviour and patient outcomes). These systems are based on the assumption that externally promoted adherence to evidence-based standards (through inspection/assessment) will result in higher quality of healthcare. However, the benefits of external inspection in terms of organisational-, provider- and patient-level outcomes are not clear...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911450/uveal-melanoma-relatively-rare-but-deadly-cancer
#6
REVIEW
S Kaliki, C L Shields
Although it is a relatively rare disease, primarily found in the Caucasian population, uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular tumor in adults with a mean age-adjusted incidence of 5.1 cases per million per year. Tumors are located either in iris (4%), ciliary body (6%), or choroid (90%). The host susceptibility factors for uveal melanoma include fair skin, light eye color, inability to tan, ocular or oculodermal melanocytosis, cutaneous or iris or choroidal nevus, and BRCA1-associated protein 1 mutation...
December 2, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911448/inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-technique-as-a-useful-procedure-for-macular-hole-associated-retinal-detachment-in-highly-myopic-eyes
#7
H Sasaki, A Shiono, J Kogo, R Yomoda, Y Munemasa, M Syoda, H Otake, H Kurihara, Y Kitaoka, H Takagi
PurposeTo determine whether the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique contributes to high reattachment and closure rates in patients with macular hole-associated retinal detachment (MHRD).Patients and methodsIn all, 15 eyes of 15 patients with MHRD undergoing 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with the inverted ILM flap technique or ILM peeling. The patients were divided into the inverted ILM flap technique group (6 eyes) and ILM peeling group (9 eyes). The logarithm of minimal angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and retinal attachment and macular hole closure rates were compared between the two groups before and after surgery...
December 2, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911445/long-term-outcomes-of-punch-punctoplasty-with-kelly-punch-and-review-of-literature
#8
E S Wong, E Y Li, H K Yuen
PurposeTo report long-term outcomes of punch punctoplasty utilizing the Kelly punch and to compare the results with other described methods of punctoplasty in literature.Patients and methodsA retrospective, non-comparative interventional case series of patients who underwent punch punctoplasty at the Hong Kong Eye Hospital over an 8-year period. A standard Kelly Descemet's membrane punch was utilized for punctal enlargement in all cases. Patient records and their operative records were reviewed. Anatomical success was defined by well-patent puncta on follow-up...
December 2, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911096/evaluating-health-advice-in-a-web-2-0-environment-the-impact-of-multiple-user-generated-factors-on-hiv-advice-perceptions
#9
Joseph B Walther, Jeong-Woo Jang, Ashley A Hanna Edwards
Unlike traditional media, social media systems often present information of different types from different kinds of contributors within a single message pane, a juxtaposition of potential influences that challenges traditional health communication processing. One type of social media system, question-and-answer advice systems, provides peers' answers to health-related questions, which yet other peers read and rate. Responses may appear good or bad, responders may claim expertise, and others' aggregated evaluations of an answer's usefulness may affect readers' judgments...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911088/african-american-women-s-perspectives-on-donating-healthy-breast-tissue-for-research-implications-for-recruitment
#10
Katherine E Ridley-Merriweather, Katharine J Head
African American women die of breast cancer at a higher rate than any other racial group. The Komen Tissue Bank (KTB) is an ongoing clinical trial that collects healthy breast tissue from women of all racial groups to use as controls in research and represents a critical tool in efforts to treat and prevent breast cancer; however, African Americans display reticence toward donating breast tissue to the KTB. Through the lens of the Integrated Behavioral Model, this study recruited African American women to share their perspectives on donating breast tissue for research purposes...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910545/commercial-counterboard-for-10-ns-software-correlator-for-photon-and-fluorescence-correlation-spectroscopy
#11
Matteo Molteni, Fabio Ferri
A 10 ns time resolution, multi-tau software correlator, capable of computing simultaneous autocorrelation (A-A, B-B) and cross (A-B) correlation functions at count rates up to ∼10 MHz, with no data loss, has been developed in LabVIEW and C++ by using the National Instrument timer/counterboard (NI PCIe-6612) and a fast Personal Computer (PC) (Intel Core i7-4790 Processor 3.60 GHz ). The correlator works by using two algorithms: for large lag times (τ ≳ 1 μs), a classical time-mode scheme, based on the measure of the number of pulses per time interval, is used; differently, for τ ≲ 1 μs a photon-mode (PM) scheme is adopted and the correlation function is retrieved from the sequence of the photon arrival times...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909378/perspectives-of-canadian-final-year-physiotherapy-students-on-cardiorespiratory-physiotherapy-as-a-career-choice
#12
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira, Tamara Araujo, Julia Marie Romano, Pat G Camp, Mark Hall, Sunita Mathur, Dina Brooks
Purpose: To investigate the opinions of final-year Canadian physiotherapy students of cardiorespiratory physiotherapy (CRP) and the factors influencing their decision about whether to pursue a career in CRP. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was completed by final-year Master of Science of Physical Therapy students from three of the largest English-speaking physiotherapy schools in Canada. Results: A total of 120 students responded to the survey (overall response rate was 44%). Fifteen students (12.5%) responded that they were extremely or quite interested in specializing in CRP...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909372/knowledge-and-use-of-and-attitudes-toward-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-in-practice-a-survey-of-ontario-physiotherapists
#13
Maggie Green, Kathleen E Norman
Purpose: To investigate Ontario physiotherapists' knowledge and use of, and attitudes toward, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to identify whether there is a need for physiotherapists to receive education specific to NSAIDs. Method: An existing survey instrument was modified and tested by five Ontario physiotherapists. The final version was distributed electronically to approximately 4,400 Ontario Physiotherapy Association members as a self-administered online questionnaire. Results: A total of 294 physiotherapists responded to the survey (response rate=6...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909364/physiotherapy-students-attitudes-toward-psychiatry-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: A cross-sectional exploration of Notre Dame Australia physiotherapy students' attitudes toward psychiatry and mental illness, students' perceptions regarding preparation in this area for general clinical practice, and a cross-sectional investigation of current mental health-and psychiatry-related content in physiotherapy curricula across Australia and New Zealand. Methods: A questionnaire including demographic details, level of exposure to mental illness, and the Attitudes Toward Psychiatry-30 items (ATP-30) was completed by pre-clinical and clinically experienced physiotherapy students from the University of Notre Dame Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909362/examining-the-need-for-a-new-instrument-to-evaluate-canadian-physiotherapy-students-during-clinical-education-experiences
#15
Mark Hall, Patricia Manns, Cheryl Poth, Lauren Beaupre
Purpose: To gauge the need for a new assessment instrument for Canadian physiotherapy students on clinical placements. Methods: A national survey was developed and distributed to 18,110 Canadian physiotherapists. Results: A total of 3,148 physiotherapists from diverse practice settings responded to the survey. Of those who indicated that student evaluation was applicable to them (n=2,393), 70% stated that a new instrument was needed; of these, 78% felt that the new instrument should be based on Canadian practice standards and rated with an anchored visual analogue scale, and 73% said they would be comfortable completing the instrument online...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909069/parental-reports-of-serious-illness-and-disability-among-children-aged-3-16%C3%A2-years-from-uk-military-families
#16
Charandeep K Khera, S A M Stevelink, N T Fear
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of child illness according to parents have been found to vary greatly in the general population, with even less known about children of military parents. Mothers are generally considered more informed about their children's problems than fathers. This paper aimed to establish the prevalence of serious illness and disability among children from military families, noting the difference between parental reports. METHODS: Male serving and ex-serving personnel with children aged 3-16 years were invited to take part in an online questionnaire and telephone interview based on their child's health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908864/identification-of-candidate-genes-in-osteoporosis-by-integrated-microarray-analysis
#17
J J Li, B Q Wang, Q Fei, Y Yang, D Li
OBJECTIVES: In order to screen the altered gene expression profile in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with osteoporosis, we performed an integrated analysis of the online microarray studies of osteoporosis. METHODS: We searched the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database for microarray studies of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with osteoporosis. Subsequently, we integrated gene expression data sets from multiple microarray studies to obtain differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between patients with osteoporosis and normal controls...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906918/newborn-vitamin-k-prophylaxis-an-analysis-of-information-resources-for-parents-and-professionals
#18
Hayleigh Miller, Benjamin Wheeler, Nikki Kerruish
AIMS: Vitamin K prophylaxis represents one of the first healthcare decisions families make for their newborn. Information resources are an important component of this process. This study aimed to identify and analyse written information about vitamin K. METHODS: Resources concerning vitamin K prophylaxis for both parents and health professionals were accessed through tertiary hospitals in New Zealand and Australia, midwives associated with Queen Mary Maternity Centre (Dunedin, New Zealand), antenatal class providers in the Dunedin, New Zealand area, and an online search of Australian and New Zealand government and hospital websites, as well as the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) in the US...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906916/high-rate-of-incidental-glaucoma-detection-in-new-zealand
#19
Benjamin R LaHood, Joshua Erceg, Tui H Bevin, Gordon Sanderson
AIM: To investigate how glaucoma is initially detected in New Zealanders and what factors aroused disease suspicion. METHODS: A postal survey of 500 randomly selected members of the Glaucoma New Zealand database was undertaken in 2012 to analyse factors relating to their initial presentation and diagnosis of glaucoma. Online surveys and telephone interviews were used to increase the response rate. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 80% (376/468) of eligible participants...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906194/a-comparison-of-7-day-versus-10-day-course-of-low-dose-dexamethasone-for-chronically-ventilated-preterm-infants
#20
A Cuna, S Govindarajan, A Oschman, H Dai, K Brophy, M Norberg, W Truog
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the effect of two different dexamethasone regimens on respiratory outcomes of ventilator-dependent preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of ventilated preterm infants <29 weeks gestational age treated with either 7-day or 10-day dexamethasone course. Primary outcome was days to successful extubation. Other outcomes included rate of successful extubation and need for repeat steroid therapy. RESULTS: Fifty-nine infants were identified; 32 (54%) received 7 days of dexamethasone and 27 (46%) received 10 days of dexamethasone...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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