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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677058/a-survey-of-current-anesthesia-trends-for-electrophysiology-procedures
#1
Eric W Nelson, Erick M Woltz, Bethany J Wolf, Michael R Gold
BACKGROUND: There has been a dramatic shift in recent years in anesthesia coverage for electrophysiology (EP) procedures. An anesthesiologist and electrophysiologist at our institution jointly developed a survey, which was distributed to the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists and the Heart Rhythm Society. Its goal was to document current practice patterns and examine perceived variability in coverage. METHODS: On approval of the leadership from the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists and the Heart Rhythm Society, an online survey was administered to the membership...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676613/workshop-report-using-social-media-and-smartphone-applications-in-practical-lessons-to-enhance-student-learning-in-b%C3%A3%C2%BAzios-brazil-august-6-8-2017
#2
Camilo Lellis-Santos, Patricia A Halpin
Cost-effective student engagement poses a challenge for instructors, especially those who may not be familiar with new technologies and mobile devices. In this workshop, participants, experienced and discussed two ways of using smartphones in physiology classes: to engage in an online learning environment for discussions, and to make physiological measurements. Participants signed up for individual Twitter accounts and learned how to tweet, retweet, message, use a URL shortener, and use hashtags. They then went on to locate articles on an assigned topic from the Twitter accounts of credible science sources ( American Journal of Physiology, The Scientist, CDC...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676468/cell-wall-properties-in-oryza-sativa-influence-mesophyll-co-2-conductance
#3
Patrícia V Ellsworth, Patrick Z Ellsworth, Nuria K Koteyeva, Asaph B Cousins
Diffusion of CO2 from the leaf intercellular air space to the site of carboxylation (gm ) is a potential trait for increasing net rates of CO2 assimilation (Anet ), photosynthetic efficiency, and crop productivity. Leaf anatomy plays a key role in this process; however, there are few investigations into how cell wall properties impact gm and Anet . Online carbon isotope discrimination was used to determine gm and Anet in Oryza sativa wild-type (WT) plants and mutants with disruptions in cell wall mixed-linkage glucan (MLG) production (CslF6 knockouts) under high- and low-light growth conditions...
April 20, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676220/faces-of-glory-the-left-cheek-posing-bias-for-medallists-of-brazilian-jiu-jitsu-competitions
#4
Matia Okubo
Laboratory studies have shown that people tend to show the left side of their face when asked to broadly express emotions, while they tend to show the right side when asked to hide emotions. Because emotions are expressed more intensely in the left side of the face, it is hypothesized that an individual's intention to express or hide emotions biases the direction of lateral facial poses. The present study tested this hypothesis using photographic portraits of individuals experiencing emotional events in a naturalistic setting: the reception of medals in Brazilian jiu-jitsu competitions...
April 20, 2018: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674947/health-and-social-problems-associated-with-recent-novel-psychoactive-substance-nps-use-amongst-marginalised-nightlife-and-online-users-in-six-european-countries
#5
Marie Claire Van Hout, Annemieke Benschop, Michal Bujalski, Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Zsolt Demetrovics, Katalin Felvinczi, Evelyn Hearne, Susana Henriques, Zsuzsa Kaló, Gerrit Kamphausen, Dirk Korf, Joana Paula Silva, Łukasz Wieczorek, Bernd Werse
Continued diversification and use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) across Europe remains a public health challenge. The study describes health and social consequences of recent NPS use as reported in a survey of marginalised, nightlife and online NPS users in the Netherlands, Hungary, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and Poland ( n  = 3023). Some respondents were unable to categorise NPS they had used. Use of ' herbal blends ' and ' synthetic cannabinoids obtained pure ' was most reported in Germany, Poland and Hungary, and use of ' branded stimulants ' and ' stimulants/empathogens/nootropics obtained pure ' was most reported in the Netherlands...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674308/uptake-of-tailored-text-message-smoking-cessation-support-in-pregnancy-when-advertised-on-the-internet-miquit-observational-study
#6
Joanne L Emery, Tim Coleman, Stephen Sutton, Sue Cooper, Jo Leonardi-Bee, Matthew Jones, Felix Naughton
BACKGROUND: Smoking in pregnancy is a major public health concern. Pregnant smokers are particularly difficult to reach, with low uptake of support options and few effective interventions. Text message-based self-help is a promising, low-cost intervention for this population, but its real-world uptake is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the uptake and cost-effectiveness of a tailored, theory-guided, text message intervention for pregnant smokers ("MiQuit") when advertised on the internet...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672521/acceptance-and-barriers-pertaining-to-a-general-practice-decision-support-system-for-multiple-clinical-conditions-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#7
Derk L Arts, Stephanie K Medlock, Henk C P M van Weert, Jeremy C Wyatt, Ameen Abu-Hanna
BACKGROUND: Many studies have investigated the use of clinical decision support systems as a means to improve care, but have thus far failed to show significant effects on patient-related outcomes. We developed a clinical decision support system that attempted to address issues that were identified in these studies. The system was implemented in Dutch general practice and was designed to be both unobtrusive and to respond in real time. Despite our efforts, usage of the system was low...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672151/adjusting-suicide-rates-in-a-military-population-methods-to-determine-the-appropriate-standard-population
#8
Eren Youmans Watkins, Anita Spiess, Ihsan Abdul-Rahman, Christopher Hill, Nkechinyere Gibson, Jerrica Nichols, Vanessa McLeod, Latoya Johnson, Trevor Mitchell, Joseph Anton Pecko, Kenneth Cox
The choice of the standard population is important when calculating adjusted rates for a military population: results can influence policies and funding allocations for programs and initiatives for suicide prevention. We describe the methodological considerations and decision-making process used in choosing a standard population for adjusting rates to compare suicide among US Army soldiers and the general US population. We examined 5 different standard populations, using the direct method to adjust annual suicide rates for the Army and the US population, 2004 to 2015, for age and for age and sex...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672141/health-care-utilization-and-expenditures-of-homeless-family-members-before-and-after-emergency-housing
#9
Robin E Clark, Linda Weinreb, Julie M Flahive, Robert W Seifert
OBJECTIVES: To describe longitudinal health service utilization and expenditures for homeless family members before and after entering an emergency shelter. METHODS: We linked Massachusetts emergency housing assistance data with Medicaid claims between July 2008 and June 2015, constructing episodes of health care 12 months before and 12 months after families entered a shelter. We modeled emergency department visits, hospital admissions, and expenditures over the 24-month period separately for children and adults...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671965/participaction-after-5-years-of-relaunch-a-quantitative-survey-of-canadian-organizational-awareness-and-capacity-regarding-physical-activity-initiatives
#10
Guy Faulkner, Subha Ramanathan, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Tanya Berry, Sameer Deshpande, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Ryan E Rhodes, Mark S Tremblay, John C Spence
INTRODUCTION: ParticipACTION is a Canadian physical activity communications and social marketing organization relaunched in 2007. This study assesses the capacity of Canadian organizations to adopt, implement, and promote physical activity initiatives. The four objectives were to compare findings from baseline (2008) and follow-up (2013) with respect to: (1) awareness of ParticipACTION; (2) organizational capacity to adopt, implement and promote physical activity initiatives; (3) potential differences in capacity based on organizational size, sector, and mandate; and (4) assess perceptions of ParticipACTION five years after relaunch...
April 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671822/wireless-sensor-network-congestion-control-based-on-standard-particle-swarm-optimization-and-single-neuron-pid
#11
Xiaoping Yang, Xueying Chen, Riting Xia, Zhihong Qian
Aiming at the problem of network congestion caused by the large number of data transmissions in wireless routing nodes of wireless sensor network (WSN), this paper puts forward an algorithm based on standard particle swarm⁻neural PID congestion control (PNPID). Firstly, PID control theory was applied to the queue management of wireless sensor nodes. Then, the self-learning and self-organizing ability of neurons was used to achieve online adjustment of weights to adjust the proportion, integral and differential parameters of the PID controller...
April 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671023/etiology-and-treatment-of-congenital-festoons
#12
Mokhtar Asaadi
BACKGROUND: Festoons and malar bags present a particular challenge to the plastic surgeon and commonly persist after the traditional lower blepharoplasty. They are more common than we think and a trained eye will be able to recognize them. Lower blepharoplasty in these patients requires addressing the lid-cheek junction and midcheek using additional techniques such as orbicularis retaining ligament (ORL) and zygomaticocutaneous ligament (ZCL) release, midface lift, microsuction, or even direct excision (Kpodzo e al...
April 18, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670397/effectiveness-of-fixed-site-high-frequency-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-in-chronic-pain-a-large-scale-observational-study
#13
Xuan Kong, Shai N Gozani
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of fixed-site high-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (FS-TENS) in a real-world chronic pain sample. Background: There is a need for nonpharmacological treatment options for chronic pain. FS-TENS improved multisite chronic pain in a previous interventional study. Large observational studies are needed to further characterize its effectiveness. Methods: This retrospective observational cohort study examined changes in chronic pain measures following 60 days of FS-TENS use...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669685/nurses-views-on-legalising-assisted-dying-in-new-zealand-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Michael Wilson, Pam Oliver, Phillipa Malpas
AIMS: This study investigated New Zealand nurses' views on legalising assisted dying across a range of clinical conditions, nurses' willingness to engage in legal assisted dying, potential deterrents and enablers to such engagement, and nurses' perceptions of the proper role of their professional bodies in relation to legalising assisted dying. BACKGROUND: A Bill for legalising assisted dying is currently before the New Zealand parliament. Of the 16 jurisdictions where assisted dying has been specifically legislated, only the Canadian federal statute provides nurses with explicit legal protection for their performance of assisted dying-related tasks...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669384/-obesity-in-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-legal-assessment
#15
Milena M Ploeger, Norbert H Müller, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Hendrik Kohlhof
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the incidence of overweight and obesity has increased in the German population. Thus the number of obese patients treated with primary total joint arthroplasty has also increased. It is therefore predicted that the number of obese patients undergoing revision total joint arthroplasty will also increase. Nevertheless almost every manufacturer of commercially available revision arthroplasty implants states in his product safety guarantee that obesity is a relative or absolute contraindication...
April 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669237/current-practice-of-diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-intensive-care-unit-in-resource-limited-settings
#16
Nattachai Srisawat, Nattaya Sintawichai, Win Kulvichit, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Patita Sitticharoenchai, Nicha Thamrongsat, Sadudee Peerapornratana
PURPOSE: In a resource limited settings, there is sparse information about the management of acute kidney injury (AKI) based on systemic data collection. This survey aimed to described the current management of AKI in intensive care units (ICUs) across Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to 160 physicians involved in the intensive care between January and December 2014 across Thailand. Distribution was done through an online survey platform or telephone interview...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667456/fertility-and-fertility-preservation-knowledge-awareness-and-attitudes-of-female-graduate-students
#17
Lisa C Hickman, Chelsea Fortin, Linnea Goodman, Xiaobo Liu, Rebecca Flyckt
PURPOSE: To evaluate the general knowledge of female graduate students on reproductive aging and fertility preservation options, as well as to investigate the perceptions, personal beliefs, and desires regarding fertility and preservation modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey study of female graduate students and medical trainees from academic institutions in Ohio was performed. Women were excluded if the online survey was incomplete or if they were >45 years...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666911/dual-coverage-of-the-inferior-pole-with-conjoined-fascial-flap-and-acellular-dermal-matrix-for-immediate-one-stage-breast-reconstruction-with-a-prosthetic-implant
#18
Seo H Lee, Yong S Chun, Heung K Park, Yang W Kim, Young W Cheon
BACKGROUND: Elevation of a conjoined fascial flap composed of the pectoralis major, serratus anterior, and external oblique fascia is a type of surgical technique using autologous tissue to cover the lower pole after immediate one-stage direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction. However, volumetric breast implants hinder use of this technique alone. For better structural stability and more aesthetically favorable breast contour in large breasts, we have devised a technique involving dual coverage of the lower pole by a conjoined fascial flap and acellular dermal matrix (ADM)...
April 17, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666750/tweet-success-scientific-communication-correlates-with-increased-citations-in-ecology-and-conservation
#19
Clayton T Lamb, Sophie L Gilbert, Adam T Ford
Science communication is seen as critical for the disciplines of ecology and conservation, where research products are often used to shape policy and decision making. Scientists are increasing their online media communication, via social media and news. Such media engagement has been thought to influence or predict traditional metrics of scholarship, such as citation rates. Here, we measure the association between citation rates and the Altmetric Attention Score-an indicator of the amount and reach of the attention an article has received-along with other forms of bibliometric performance (year published, journal impact factor, and article type)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666310/role-of-patient-and-public-involvement-in-implementation-research-a-consensus-study
#20
Kara Gray-Burrows, Thomas Willis, Robbie Foy, Martin Rathfelder, Pauline Bland, Allison Chin, Susan Hodgson, Gus Ibegbuna, Graham Prestwich, Kirsty Samuel, Laurence Wood, Farhat Yaqoob, Rosemary R C McEachan
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) is often an essential requirement for research funding. Distinctions can be drawn between clinical research, which generally focuses on patients, and implementation research, which generally focuses on health professional behaviour. There is uncertainty about the role of PPI in this latter field. We explored and defined the roles of PPI in implementation research to inform relevant good practice guidance. METHODS: We used a structured consensus process using a convenience sample panel of nine experienced PPI and two researcher members...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
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