Read by QxMD icon Read


Liang-Jun Yin, Ying-Lin Liang, Sheng-Hui Zhang, Meng Wang, Langkai Li, Wen-Jie Xie, Hao Zhong, Xian Jian, Xin Xu, Xin Wang, Long-Jiang Deng
A facile approach to fabricate nanoholes on the surface of a phosphor via a carbothermal reaction between C and BaMgAl10O17 was adopted. Drilling nanoholes greatly enhanced excitation light absorption and consequently increased the quantum efficiency, which provided new insight to help improve the luminescence efficiency of oxygen-containing phosphors.
March 21, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
José C Ramalho, Isabel P Pais, António E Leitão, Mauro Guerra, Fernando H Reboredo, Cristina M Máguas, Maria L Carvalho, Paula Scotti-Campos, Ana I Ribeiro-Barros, Fernando J C Lidon, Fábio M DaMatta
Climate changes, mostly related to high temperature, are predicted to have major negative impacts on coffee crop yield and bean quality. Recent studies revealed that elevated air [CO2 ] mitigates the impact of heat on leaf physiology. However, the extent of the interaction between elevated air [CO2 ] and heat on coffee bean quality was never addressed. In this study, the single and combined impacts of enhanced [CO2 ] and temperature in beans of Coffea arabica cv. Icatu were evaluated. Plants were grown at 380 or 700 μL CO2 L-1 air, and then submitted to a gradual temperature rise from 25°C up to 40°C during ca...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Jihui Li, Yunna Song, Zheng Ma, Ning Li, Shuai Niu, Yongshen Li
In this article, flake graphite, nitric acid, peroxyacetic acid and phosphoric acid are used to prepare graphene oxide phosphonic and phosphinic acids (GOPAs), and GOPAs and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) are used to synthesize polyvinyl alcohol graphene oxide phosphonate and phosphinate (PVAGOPs) in the case of faint acidity and ultrasound irradiation, and PVAGOPs are used to fabricate PVAGOPs film, and the structure and morphology of GOPAs, PVAGOPs and PVAGOPs film are characterized, and the thermal stability and mechanical properties of PVAGOPs film are investigated...
May 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Kenji Kinashi, Takato Iwata, Hayato Tsuchida, Wataru Sakai, Naoto Tsutsumi
Polystyrene (PS)-based composite microfibers combined with a photochromic spiropyran dye, 1,3,3-trimethylindolino-6'-nitrobenzopyrylospiran (6-nitro BIPS), and a photostimulable phosphor, europium-doped barium fluorochloride (BaFCl:Eu2+ ), were developed for the detection of X-ray exposure doses on the order of approximately 1 Gy. To produce the PS-based composite microfibers, we employed a forcespinning method that embeds a high concentration of the phosphor in the PS in a safe, inexpensive, and simple procedure...
March 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yu-Mei Liu, An Zhou, Nian-Jun Yu, Rong-Chun Han, Wei Zhang, Yue-Jian Zhu, Yong Cao, Xiang-Yu Li, Dai-Yin Peng
Epoxy ether type and isophthalene type saponin are the main saponins of Bupleurum chinense. However,due to the difference of their UV spectrum,there is no quantitative method for simultaneous determination of these two kinds of saponins. In this paper,a dual-wavelength high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was developed for simultaneous determination of five saponins in epoxidized ether(saikosaponin a,c,d) and isosorbide type(saikosaponin b1,b2). The mobile phase was eluted with acetonitrile-water(0...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Ya Bian, Meng-Sheng Liu, Li-Yuan Zhang, Guo-Chuan Li, Jian-Ming Feng, Xia Liang, Yu-Guang Zheng, Jing Wang
In order to explore the anti-inflammatory activity and active ingredient basis from the leaves of the Belamcanda chinensis and Iris tectorum, we established an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of six anti-inflammatory active ingredient contents in the root of the B. chinensis and I. tectorum as well as their leaves with different dry methods, and the anti-inflammatory effects of the extract were studied by the mouse ear swelling experiment. The HPLC analysis was performed on an Agilent WondaSil© C₁₈-WR(4...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Mohamadreza Masoudinejad, Mansour Ghaderpoori, Ahmad Zarei, Jamal Nasehifar, Alireza Malekzadeh, Jalil Nasiri, Afshin Ghaderpoury
Due to the great possibility of water contamination of many rivers by human activities in Iran, the study of water quality is crucial for water resource protection and human health. High level of phosphorous is the main reason for eutrophication of freshwater systems. The main aim of this study was to investigate the concentration of phosphorus in the rivers feeding into Taham dam in Zanjan, using GIS software. 40 sampling stations were selected along Taham and Ghalharod Rivers with respect to sewage discharge points and feeding characteristics of water entering to Taham dam...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Autumn Oczkowski, Bryan Taplin, Richard Pruell, Adam Pimenta, Roxanne Johnson, Jason Grear
Coastal ecosystems are inherently complex and potentially adaptive as they respond to changes in nutrient loads and climate. We documented the role that carbon stable isotope (δ13 C) measurements could play in understanding that adaptation with a series of three Ecostat (i.e., continuous culture) experiments. We quantified linkages among δ13 C, nutrients, carbonate chemistry, primary, and secondary production in temperate estuarine waters. Experimental culture vessels (9.1 L) containing 33% whole and 67% filtered (0...
February 14, 2018: Frontiers in Marine Science
X Dong, Z Zhou, L Wang, B Saremi, A Helmbrecht, Z Wang, J J Loor
Amino acids not only serve as precursors for protein synthesis but also function as signaling molecules that can regulate the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Methionine and Lys are the most-limiting AA for milk production and a ratio of ∼3:1 Lys:Met in the metabolizable protein has been determined to be ideal. Besides Met and Lys, recent studies have evaluated Ile, Leu, Val, and Thr as potentially limiting for milk protein synthesis. The objective of this experiment was to determine if varying the ratio of Lys:Thr, Lys:Ile, Lys:Val, and Lys:Leu while maintaining an ideal ratio of Lys:Met and fixed ratio of other essential AA (IPAA) elicits changes in intracellular metabolites, gene transcription related to protein synthesis, and phosphorylation status of mTOR pathway proteins...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Zhengwen Ding, Hong Li, Jie Wei, Ruijiang Li, Yonggang Yan
Considering that the phospholipids and glycerophosphoric acid are the basic materials throughout the metabolism of the whole life period and the bone is composed of organic polymer collagen and inorganic mineral apatite, a novel self-setting composite of magnesium glycerophosphate (MG) and di-calcium silicate(C2S)/tri-calcium silicate(C3S) was developed as bio-cement for bone repair, reconstruction and regeneration. The composite was prepared by mixing the MG, C2S and C3S with the certain ratios, and using the deionized water and phosphoric acid solution as mixed liquid...
June 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Nimai Pathak, Partha Sarathi Ghosh, Suryansh Saxena, Dhanadeep Dutta, Ashok Kumar Yadav, Dibyendu Bhattacharyya, Shambhu Nath Jha, Ramakant Mahadeo Kadam
Activator-free zinc aluminate (ZA) nanophosphor was synthesized through a sol-gel combustion route, which can be used both as a blue-emitting phosphor material and a white-emitting phosphor material, depending on the annealing temperature during synthesis. The material also has the potential to be used in optical thermometry. These fascinating color-tunable emission characteristics can be linked with the various defect centers present inside the matrix and their changes upon thermal annealing. Various defect centers, such as anionic vacancy, cationic vacancy, antisite defect, etc...
March 16, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Pinar Cevik, Oguz Eraslan, Kursat Eser, Suleyman Tekeli
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of six different surface conditioning methods on the shear bond strength of ceramic brackets bonded to feldspathic porcelain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 feldspathic porcelain disks were fabricated and divided into six subgroups including 10 specimens in each. Specimens were first treated one of the following surface conditioning methods, namely, 37% phosphoric acid (G-H3PO4), 9.4% hydrofluoric acid (G-HF), grinding with diamond burs (G-Grinding), Nd:YAG laser (G-Nd:YAG), Airborne-particle abrasion (G-Abrasion)...
March 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Nan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Linyin Feng, Lei Yao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cananga odorata essential oil, known as ylang-ylang essential oil (YYO), was commonly used in the aromatherapy for relaxation and mood adjusting use. In our previous study, YYO played anxiolytic effects on the mice in several behavioral tests that based on the instinctive responses to novel environments. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects and mechanisms of YYO reversing the anxiety induced by 5-HT2C receptor agonist 1-(3-chlorophenyl) piperazine (m-CPP)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Li-Hua Ni, Ri-Ning Tang, Lin-Li Lv, Min Wu, Bin Wang, Feng Mei Wang, Hai-Feng Ni, Kai-Yun Song, Li-Ting Wang, Meng-Zuo, Qiang Chen, Bi-Cheng Liu
The study of parathyroid hyperplasia with bone disease as a critical manifestation of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBDs) is challenging due to the lack of a suitable research model. Here, we established a rat model with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and bone disease induced by adenine and a high phosphorous diet and analyzed the skeletal characteristics. We performed blood analysis, emission computed tomography (ECT), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), bone histomorphometry, and bone mechanical tests...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xiaoyong Huang, Shaoying Wang, Bin Li, Qi Sun, Heng Guo
In this work, we reported on high-brightness Eu3+ -activated Ca3 Lu(AlO)3 (BO3 )4 (CLAB) red-emitting phosphors. Under 397 nm excitation, the CLAB:Eu3+ phosphors showed intense red emissions at around 621 nm with CIE coordinates of (0.657, 0.343). The optimal doping concentration of Eu3+ ions was found to be 30 mol. %, and the CLAB:0.3Eu3+ sample possessed high-color purity of 93% and ultra-high internal quantum efficiency as great as 98.5%. Importantly, the CLAB:0.3Eu3+ also had good thermal stability. Finally, a white-light-emitting diode (WLED) lamp with good color-rendering index was fabricated by using a 365 nm ultraviolet chip and the phosphor blends of CLAB:0...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Lintao Peng, Spencer A Wells, Christopher R Ryder, Mark C Hersam, Matthew Grayson
The crystal orientation of an exfoliated black phosphorous flake is determined by purely electrical means. A sequence of three resistance measurements on an arbitrarily shaped flake with five contacts determines the three independent components of the anisotropic in-plane resistivity tensor, thereby revealing the crystal axes. The resistivity anisotropy ratio decreases linearly with increasing temperature T and carrier density reaching a maximum ratio of 3.0 at low temperatures and densities, while mobility indicates impurity scattering at low T and acoustic phonon scattering at high T...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Lizhu He, Zhen Song, Xionghui Jia, Zhiguo Xia, Quanlin Liu
T-phase (Ba,Ca)2 SiO4 :Eu2+ , showing excellent luminescent thermal stability, has a positionally disordered structure with the splitting of five atom sites, but until now the reason has remained unclear. Herein, we investigate the coordination environments of each cation site in detail to understand the origins of the atom site splitting. We find that the three cation sites in the split-atom-site model are optimally bonded with ligand O atoms compared to the unsplit-atom-site model. This atom site splitting results in larger room and smaller room for each splitting cation site, which just accommodates larger Ba2+ ions and smaller Ca2+ ions, respectively, leading to more rigid structure...
March 15, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
E G Moura Júnior, A Pott, W Severi, C S Zickel
We evaluated the response of the biomass of aquatic macrophytes under limnological changes after water level fluctuation (WLF) of two tropical reservoirs (R1 and R2), located in northeastern Brazil. Initially we tested the hypothesis that post-WLF limnological conditions and biomass of macrophytes increase or decrease, depending on the variable or species. We monitored a 4 × 50 m permanent plot, in four expeditions per period (pre- or post-WLF), assessing species biomass and 10 limnological variables. We utilized 0...
March 12, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Ning Liu, Ramana Pidaparti, Xianqiao Wang
Phosphorene, also known as monolayer black phosphorous, has been widely used in electronic devices due to its superior electrical properties. However, its relatively low Young's modulus, low fracture strength and susceptibility to structural failure has limited its application in nano devices. Therefore, in order to design more mechanically reliable devices that utilize phosphorene, it is necessary to explore the mechanical properties of polycrystalline phosphorene. Here molecular dynamics simulations are performed to study the effect of grain size on the mechanical performance of polycrystalline phosphorene sheets...
March 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Tatsuru Yamada, Shoji Fujiwara, Kyohhei Fujita, Yuji Tsuchido, Takeshi Hashimoto, Takashi Hayashita
The construction of supramolecular recognition systems based on specific host-guest interactions has been studied in order to design selective chemical sensors. In this study, guest-responsive receptors for ATP have been designed with cyclodextrins (CyDs) as a basic prototype of the turn-on type fluorescent indicator. We synthesized dipicolylamine (DPA)-modified CyD-Cu2+ complexes ( Cu·1 α , Cu·1 β , and Cu·1 γ ), and evaluated their recognition capabilities toward phosphoric acid derivatives in water...
March 12, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"