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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331908/electricity-production-and-phosphorous-recovery-as-struvite-from-synthetic-wastewater-using-magnesium-air-fuel-cell-electrocoagulation
#1
Jung Hwan Kim, Byung Min An, Dae Hwan Lim, Joo Yang Park
This research was based on the investigation of a major principle, regarding the effects of NaCl and KH2PO4 concentrations on struvite recovery, with electricity production using magnesium-air fuel cell electrocoagulation, in accordance with the concentration of phosphorous and chloride. The weight ratio of N:P in the synthetic wastewater was in the range of 1.2-21. The concentration of NH4Cl was fixed at 0.277 M (approximately 3888 ppm as NH3-N and 5000 ppm as NH4), while PO4-P was in the range of 0...
January 5, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330411/x-ray-induced-scintillation-governed-by-energy-transfer-process-in-glasses
#2
Hirokazu Masai, Go Okada, Aya Torimoto, Takaaki Usui, Noriaki Kawaguchi, Takayuki Yanagida
The efficiency of X-ray-induced scintillation in glasses roughly depends on both the effective atomic number Zeff and the photoluminescence quantum efficiency Qeff of glass, which are useful tools for searching high-performance phosphors. Here, we demonstrate that the energy transfer from host to activators is also an important factor for attaining high scintillation efficiency in Ce-doped oxide glasses. The scintillation intensity of glasses with coexisting fractions of Ce3+ and Ce4+ species is found to be higher than that of a pure-Ce3+-containing glass with a lower Zeff value...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330407/multiscale-and-luminescent-hollow-microspheres-for-gas-phase-thermometry
#3
Lothar Bischoff, Michael Stephan, Christina S Birkel, Christian F Litterscheid, Andreas Dreizler, Barbara Albert
Recently developed laser-based measurement techniques are used to image the temperatures and velocities in gas flows. They require new phosphor materials with an unprecedented combination of properties. A novel synthesis procedure is described here; it results in hierarchically structured, hollow microspheres of Eu3+-doped Y2O3, with unusual particle sizes and very good characteristics compared to full particles. Solution-based precipitation on polymer microballoons produces very stable and luminescent, ceramic materials of extremely low density...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328648/two-step-synthesis-and-surface-modification-of-caznos-mn2-phosphors-and-the-fabrication-of-a-luminescent-poly-dimethylsiloxane-film
#4
Zihan Xu, Zhiguo Xia, Quanlin Liu
The CaZnOS:Mn2+ (CZOSM) phosphor has been extensively studied for its excellent optical performance, with a typical red emission band peaking at about 580 nm ascribed to the 4T1(4G)-6A1(6S) transition of Mn2+. Herein the CZOSM phosphor was synthesized by a novel two-step method accompanied by control of the morphology of the precursor in the first step followed by sintering in the second step, which demonstrated improved emission intensity and uniform morphology simultaneously compared to those obtained by the traditional solid-state reaction route...
January 12, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328519/surface-modification-using-the-biomimetic-method-in-alumina-zirconia-porous-ceramics-obtained-by-the-replica-method
#5
André D R Silva, Willian R Rigoli, Denise Osiro, Daphne C R Mello, Luana M R Vasconcellos, Anderson O Lobo, Eliria M J A Pallone
The modification of biomaterials approved by the Food and Drug Administration could be an alternative to reduce the period of use in humans. Porous bioceramics are widely used as support structures for bone formation and repair. This composite has essential characteristics for an implant, including good mechanical properties, high chemical stability, biocompatibility and adequate aesthetic appearance. Here, three-dimensional porous scaffolds of Al2 O3 containing 5% by volume of ZrO2 were produced by the replica method...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328313/achievable-information-rate-enhancement-of-visible-light-communication-using-probabilistically-shaped-ofdm-modulation
#6
Chenhui Xie, Zexin Chen, Songnian Fu, Wu Liu, Zhixue He, Lei Deng, Ming Tang, Deming Liu
We present the first experimental demonstration of orthogonal frequency division multiplexed (OFDM) modulation using the probabilistic shaping (PS) technique in visible light communication (VLC) systems, in order to increase the achievable information rate (AIR) according to the pre-estimated signal to noise ratio (SNR) of VLC channel. We numerically investigate the performance of PS technique and make a fair comparison with bit-loading technique under different scenarios. By using a phosphor-LED based VLC system with available bandwidth of ~45-MHz, OFDM with PS technique can experimentally realize an AIR of 204...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327523/association-of-physicians-of-india-position-statement-on-role-of-chirally-pure-molecules-in-clinical-practice
#7
Milind Y Nadkar, Mangesh Tiwaskar, Sanjay Kalra, Siddharth N Shah, B R Bansode, Anjanlal Dutta, Sarita Bajaj, Sameer Aggarwal, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, A K Das, Puneet Dhamija, Y K Gupta, Jubbin Jacob, Sundeep Mishra, S N Narasingan, C K Ponde, Ram Prabhoo, Balakrishnan S, Manisha Sahay, R K Sahay, I Sathyamurthy, Shilpa Tiwaskar, Agam Vora
Chirally pure molecules or enantiomers are non-superimposable mirror images of each other with a chiral center (such as carbon, sulphur, nitrogen or phosphorous atom). An equimolar mixture of enantiomers forms a racemate. Chirally pure molecules (single enantiomers) are important in the field of drug discovery as the drug targets such as enzymes and receptors are enantioselective in nature. Clinical studies have demonstrated that chirally pure drugs exhibit different pharmacokinetic and metabolic profiles, reduced adverse events, improved safety profiles and similar therapeutic activity at lowered drug dosage as compared with the racemate in many therapeutic areas...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327453/catalytic-asymmetric-dearomatization-of-indolyl-dihydropyridines-via-enamine-isomerization-spirocyclization-transfer-hydrogenation-sequence
#8
Shuli You, Zi-Lei Xia, Chao Zheng, Shou-Guo Wang
A highly efficient synthesis of enantioenriched spiroindolines by catalytic asymmetric dearomatization of indolyl dihydropyridines via chiral phosphoric acid catalyzed enamine isomerization/spirocyclization/transfer hydrogenation sequence has been developed. This reaction proceeds under mild reaction conditions to afford novel spiroindolines in good yields (up to 88%) with excellent enantioselectivity (up to 97% ee). DFT calculations provide insights into the reaction mechanism as well as the origin of stereochemistry...
January 11, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327404/a-novel-red-emitting-phosphor-libab9-o15-sm2-sm3-li-with-broad-excitation-band-for-white-leds
#9
Ting Li, Zhijun Wang, Panlai Li, Shuchao Xu, Qiongyu Bai, Zhiping Yang
A novel tunable red emitting phosphor LiBaB9 O15 :Sm2+ /Sm3+ , Li+ with broad excitation band was synthesized by a high temperature solid-state method. Luminescence properties were investigated in detail by luminescence, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra and CIE chromaticity coordinates. XPS data confirmed that there were Sm3+ in LiBaB9 O15 :Sm3+ and Sm2+ /Sm3+ in LiBaB9 O15 :Sm2+ /Sm3+ , respectively. Spectral property of LiBaB9 O15 :Sm3+ , LiBaB9 O15 :Sm3+ /Sm2+ and LiBaB9 O15 :Sm2+ , Li+ presented that the excitation band of Sm3+ widened and the excitation band of Sm2+ ranged from 350 to 450 nm...
January 12, 2018: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327089/comparative-efficacy-of-er-cr-ysgg-and-er-yag-lasers-for-etching-of-composite-for-orthodontic-bracket-bonding
#10
Amir Hossein Mirhashemi, Nasim Chiniforush, Nastaran Sharifi, Amir Mehdi Hosseini
Several techniques have been proposed to obtain a durable bond, and the efficacy of these techniques is assessed by measuring parameters such as bond strength. Laser has provided a bond strength as high as that of acid etching in vitro and has simpler use with shorter clinical time compared to acid etching. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers for etching and bonding of composite to orthodontic brackets. No previous study has evaluated the effect of these particular types of laser...
January 11, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326512/evaluating-the-effect-of-different-conditioning-agents-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-resin-modified-glass-ionomers
#11
Namith Rai, Rajaram Naik, Ravi Gupta, Shobana Shetty, Amith Singh
Aim of the Study: This study aims to evaluate the effects three different conditioning agents on the shear bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomers to human dentin. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty recently extracted, caries-free premolars and molars will be cleaned of debris and disinfected in a 0.5% solution of sodium hypochlorite and sterile water for 30 min. The occlusal surface of each tooth will be reduced using conventional model trimmer with water to produce the dentin surface...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323681/the-structure-of-a-lanthanide-complex-at-an-extractant-water-interface-studied-using-heterodyne-detected-vibrational-sum-frequency-generation
#12
Ryoji Kusaka, Masayuki Watanabe
Solvent extraction plays an integral part in the separation and purification of metals. Because extractants generally used as complexing agents for metal extractions, such as di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (HDEHP) for lanthanide extractions, are amphiphilic, they come to an organic/water interface, and the interface plays a crucial role as the site of the formation of metal complexes and the subsequent transfer reaction to an organic phase. Despite the importance of the interface for metal solvent extractions, its molecular-level structure is unclear because of the experimental difficulties...
January 11, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323244/validity-of-valence-estimation-of-dopants-in-glasses-using-xanes-analysis
#13
Hirokazu Masai, Toshiaki Ina, Shun Okumura, Ko Mibu
X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) measurement is one of the most powerful tools for the evaluation of a cation valence state. XANES measurement is sometimes the only available technique for the evaluation of the valence state of a dopant cation, which often occurs in phosphor materials. The validity of the core excitation process should be examined as a basis for understanding the applicability of this technique. Here, we demonstrate the validity of valence estimation of tin in oxide glasses, using Sn K-edge and L-edge XANES spectra, and compare the results with 119Sn Mössbauer analysis...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322918/a-linear-programming-computational-framework-integrates-phosphor-proteomics-and-prior-knowledge-to-predict-drug-efficacy
#14
Zhiwei Ji, Bing Wang, Ke Yan, Ligang Dong, Guanmin Meng, Lei Shi
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the integration of 'omics' technologies, high performance computation, and mathematical modeling of biological processes marks that the systems biology has started to fundamentally impact the way of approaching drug discovery. The LINCS public data warehouse provides detailed information about cell responses with various genetic and environmental stressors. It can be greatly helpful in developing new drugs and therapeutics, as well as improving the situations of lacking effective drugs, drug resistance and relapse in cancer therapies, etc...
December 21, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322143/oxidative-dehydrogenation-reaction-of-short-alkanes-on-nanostructured-carbon-catalysts-a-computational-account
#15
XiaoYing Sun, Peng Han, Bo Li, ShanJun Mao, TianFu Liu, Sajjad Ali, Zan Lian, DangSheng Su
Recent progress from first principles computational studies is presented for catalytic properties of nanostructured carbon catalysts in the oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) reaction of short alkanes. Firstly, a brief introduction is given on the development of carbon catalysts in ODH since 1970. Oxygen functional groups have pivotal importance for ODH on nanostructured carbon catalysts. We discuss the oxidation process by HNO3 on pristine and defective carbon materials. The interactions between the oxygen molecule (oxidant) and the nanostructured carbon catalysts are quantitatively calibrated...
January 11, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321596/high-resolution-31p-nmr-spectroscopy-generates-a-quantitative-evolution-profile-of-phosphorous-translocation-in-germinating-sesame-seed
#16
Honghao Cai, Wei-Gang Chuang, Xiaohong Cui, Ren-Hao Cheng, Kuohsun Chiu, Zhong Chen, Shangwu Ding
Phosphorus metabolism and circulation are essential bio-physicochemical processes during development of a plant and have been extensively studied and known to be affected by temperature, humidity, lighting, hormones etc. However, a quantitative description of how various phosphorous species evolve over time has not been reported. In this work, a combined 31P liquid and solid state NMR spectroscopic methodology is employed, supported by a new extraction scheme and data analysis method, to carry out a quantitative investigation of phosphorous circulation in germinating sesame seeds in dark and under illumination with and without adding a growth hormone...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321507/multifunctional-device-based-on-phosphor-piezoelectric-pzt-lighting-speaking-and-mechanical-energy-harvesting
#17
Sunghoon Lee, Taewook Kang, Wunho Lee, Mohammad M Afandi, Jongho Ryu, Jongsu Kim
We demonstrated the tri-functional device based on all powder-processing methods by using ZnS powder as phosphor layer and piezoelectric material as dielectric layer. The fabricated device generated the electroluminescent (EL) light from phosphor and the sound from piezoelectric sheet under a supply of external electric power, and additionally harvested the reverse-piezoelectric energy to be converted into EL light. Under sinusoidal applied voltage, EL luminances were exponentially increased with a maximum luminous efficiency of 1...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321493/noncontact-and-instant-detection-of-phosphor-temperature-in-phosphor-converted-white-leds
#18
Tsung-Hsun Yang, Hsu-Yi Huang, Ching-Cherng Sun, Benoît Glorieux, Xuan-Hao Lee, Yeh-Wei Yu, Te-Yuan Chung
Phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes (pc-WLEDs) have become a major light source in general lighting. To stabilize the photometric characteristics of pc-WLEDs, much effort has been made to manage the heat dissipation of the LED dies. The thermal problems of the phosphor parts, a critical reliability concern for pc-WLEDs, have recently attracted academic interest. This study proposed a practical approach for measuring phosphor temperature in an operating pc-WLED using a noncontact, instant detection method to remotely monitor the emission spectrum...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319766/epic-trial-education-programme-impact-on-serum-phosphorous-control-in-ckd-5d-patients-on-hemodialysis
#19
Carmen Tzanno Branco Martins, Bárbara Margareth Menardi Biavo, Clarissa Baia Bargas Uezima, Jacqueline Alves Pereira Dos Santos, Camila Machado de Barros, Elzo Ribeiro Júnior, Paul Clesca Troconis, Cristoforo Scavone, Marcus Vinicius de Souza João Luiz
INTRODUCTION: In stage 5D chronic kidney disease (CKD 5D) patients, the encouragement of treatment adherence by health professionals is a significant clinical challenge. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact of a nutritional education programme on hyperphosphatemia, utilizing the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TMBC). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective interventional study comprising 179 CKD 5D patients with hypophosphatemia...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319292/monolithic-inorganic-zno-gan-semiconductors-heterojunction-white-light-emitting-diodes
#20
Seonghoon Jeong, Seung Kyu Oh, Jae-Hyun Ryou, Kwang-Soon Ahn, Keun Man Song, Hyunsoo Kim
Monolithic light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that can generate white color at the one-chip level without wavelength conversion through packaged phosphors or chip integration for photon recycling are of particular importance to produce compact, cost-competitive, and smart lighting sources. In this study, monolithic white LEDs were developed based on ZnO/GaN semiconductor heterojunctions. The electroluminescence (EL) wavelength of the ZnO/GaN heterojunction could be tuned by a post-thermal annealing process, causing the generation of an interfacial Ga2O3 layer...
January 10, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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