keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Electrolyte disturbances

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660146/stability-of-two-layers-dielectric-electrolyte-micro-flow-subjected-to-an-alternating-external-electric-field
#1
E A Demekhin, G S Ganchenko, E V Gorbacheva, S Amiroudine
The stability of the electroosmotic flow of the two-phase system electrolyte-dielectric with a free interface in the microchannel under an external electric field is examined theoretically. The mathematical model includes the Nernst-Plank equations for the ion concentrations. The linear stability of the one-dimensional non-stationary solution with respect to the small, periodic perturbations along the channel, is studied. Two types of instability have been highlighted. The first is known as the long-wave instability and is connected with the distortion of the free charge on the interface...
April 16, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657939/cisplatin-alters-sodium-excretion-and-renal-clearance-in-rats-gender-and-drug-dose-related
#2
Sima Jilanchi, Ardeshir Talebi, Mehdi Nematbakhsh
Background: Nephrotoxicity is one of the side effects of cisplatin (CP) therapy which is gender related. CP disturbs renal function through glomerular filtration rate and electrolytes transport disturbances. This study was designed to compare some markers related to renal function in two protocols of CP treatment in rats. Materials and Methods: Male and female rats were subjected to receive single (treat 1; 7.5 mg/kg) and continues doses (treat 2; 3 mg/kg/day for 5 days) of CP, and the measurements were compared with control animals...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656932/a-higher-calorie-refeeding-protocol-does-not-increase-adverse-outcomes-in-adult-patients-with-eating-disorders
#3
Kylie Matthews, Jan Hill, Shane Jeffrey, Susan Patterson, Amanda Davis, Warren Ward, Michelle Palmer, Sandra Capra
BACKGROUND: Patients with eating disorders (EDs) are often considered a high-risk population to refeed. Current research advises using "start low, go slow" refeeding methods (∼1,000 kcal/day, advancing ∼500 kcal/day every 3 to 4 days) in adult patients with severe EDs to prevent the development of refeeding syndrome (RFS), typically characterized by decreases in serum electrolyte levels and fluid shifts. OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of RFS and related outcomes using a low-calorie protocol (LC) (1,000 kcal) or a higher-calorie protocol (HC) (1,500 kcal) in medically compromised adult patients with EDs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629570/modulatory-effects-of-rosemary-leaves-aqueous-extraction-against-oxidative-stress-and-related-damages-in-experimental-model-of-ccl4-induced-cardiac-toxicity-in-mice
#4
Houda Hamed, Khaled Bellassoued, Noura Brahmi, Ahmed Gargouri, Zied Ghannoudi, Abdelfattah El Feki
Rosmarinus officialis L., Lamiaceae, has been traditionally used in Tunisia to treat several diseases. The aim of the present study is to analyze the cardiopreventive effect of Aqueous Extract of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Leaves (AERL) against oxidative stress induced by carbon tetrachloride in experimental mice. The current study was performed on female Wistar mice divided into four groups of seven animals each. Cardiotoxity was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 (10ml/kg in 0.3 % olive oil) in mice which were gavaged daily with 100 mg of AERL for 15 days...
April 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605073/non-intensive-care-unit-management-of-acute-liver-failure
#5
REVIEW
Andres F Carrion, Paul Martin
Acute liver failure (ALF) is an uncommon syndrome with a highly variable and unpredictable clinical course. The initial diagnostic evaluation is typically performed in a non-intensive care unit (ICU) setting, like the emergency department or general hospital ward. Prompt restoration of intravascular volume with intravenous fluids and correction of electrolyte, metabolic, and acid-base disturbances are important initial interventions in the management of ALF and can be safely accomplished in non-ICU settings in many patients...
May 2018: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597222/clinical-complications-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#6
Florent Sigwalt, Axelle Bouteleux, François Dambricourt, Théo Asselborn, Florent Moriceau, Thomas Rimmelé
The various complications of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) are mostly preventable. Hemodynamic disturbances are dominated by hypotension due to the modification of volume status, myocardial dysfunction, cardiac arrhythmia, or modification of systemic vascular resistances, which are correlated with body temperature changes. Metabolic complications remain at the forefront and have profoundly changed with the use of regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA). RCA may lead to two distinct situations: citrate overload and citrate accumulation, respectively, responsible for metabolic alkalosis and metabolic acidosis...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576868/a-rare-cause-of-primary-adrenal-insufficiency-due-to-a-homozygous-arg188cys-mutation-in-the-star-gene
#7
Lukas Burget, Laura Audí Parera, Monica Fernandez-Cancio, Rolf Gräni, Christoph Henzen, Christa E Flück
Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein ( STAR ) is a key protein for the intracellular transport of cholesterol to the mitochondrium in endocrine organs (e.g. adrenal gland, ovaries, testes) and essential for the synthesis of all steroid hormones. Several mutations have been described and the clinical phenotype varies strongly and may be grouped into classic lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (LCAH), in which all steroidogenesis is disrupted, and non-classic LCAH, which resembles familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD), which affects predominantly adrenal functions...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573995/investigation-of-ventricular-pre-excitation-electrocardiographic-pattern-in-two-horses-clinical-presentation-and-potential-causes
#8
Judit Viu, Lara Armengou, Annelies Decloedt, Eduard Jose-Cunilleras
Two horses referred to the Unitat Equina, Fundació Hospital Clínic Veterinari, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, for unrelated clinical problems, and with no previous history of cardiac disease exhibited an intermittent ventricular pre-excitation electrocardiographic pattern during hospitalization. Both animals showed decreased plasma total and ionized magnesium concentrations, but no other relevant electrolyte disturbances were detected. Altered interventricular septal motion associated with ventricular pre-excitation beats (VPBs) was detected on M-mode echocardiography in both horses...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566135/european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-position-paper-on-arrhythmia-management-and-device-therapies-in-endocrine-disorders-endorsed-by-asia-pacific-heart-rhythm-society-aphrs-and-latin-american-heart-rhythm-society-lahrs
#9
Bulent Gorenek, Giuseppe Boriani, Gheorge-Andrei Dan, Laurent Fauchier, Guilherme Fenelon, He Huang, Gulmira Kudaiberdieva, Gregory Y H Lip, Rajiv Mahajan, Tatjana Potpara, Juan David Ramirez, Marc A Vos, Francisco Marin
Endocrine disorders are associated with various tachyarrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation (AF), ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF), and bradyarrhythmias. Along with underlying arrhythmia substrate, electrolyte disturbances, glucose, and hormone levels, accompanying endocrine disorders contribute to development of arrhythmia. Arrhythmias may be life-threatening, facilitate cardiogenic shock development and increase mortality. The knowledge on the incidence of tachy- and bradyarrhythmias, clinical and prognostic significance as well as their management is limited; it is represented in observational studies and mostly in case reports on management of challenging cases...
March 16, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564988/detection-of-the-incidence-of-infections-and-acute-biochemical-changes-in-diffuses-large-b-cell-lymphoma-patients-treated-with-cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-and-prednisone-chop-with-and-without-rituximab
#10
Kashif Ali, Ali Akbar Sial, Mirza Tasawer Baig, Saqib Hussain Ansari, Syed Omair Adil, Tahir Sultan Shamsi
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Acute biochemical changes, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity and frequency of infections are common in diffuse large B-cell Lymphoma patients undergoing Cyclophosphamide, hydroxyrubicin, Oncovin (Vincristine) Prednisolone (CHOP) and Rituximab plus CHOP chemo cycles. Eventually, it leads to prolong hospital stay and suspending the next chemotherapy cycles. Changes in biochemical profile and immunosuppressant effects correlated with dose intensity ratio, the findings of this study will be helpful in choices for the physician to discontinue therapy or delaying treatment...
March 20, 2018: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561186/transcription-factor-hnf1%C3%AE-regulates-expression-of-the-calcium-sensing-receptor-in-the-thick-ascending-limb-of-the-kidney
#11
Andreas Kompatscher, J H F de Baaij, Karam Aboudehen, Shayan Farahani, Lex H J Van Son, Susanne Milatz, Nina Himmerkus, Gert Jan C Veenstra, René J M Bindels, Joost G J Hoenderop
Mutations in HNF1β cause autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD-HNF1β), and patients tend to develop renal cysts, maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), and suffer from electrolyte disturbances, including hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia and hypocalciuria. Previous HNF1β research focused on the renal distal convoluted tubule (DCT) to elucidate the ADTKD-HNF1β electrolyte phenotype, although 70% of Mg2+ is reabsorbed in the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TAL). An important regulator of Mg2+ reabsorption in the TAL is the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR)...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559805/moderate-glucose-supply-reduces-hemolysis-during-systemic-inflammation
#12
Johannes Jägers, Stephan Brauckmann, Michael Kirsch, Katharina Effenberger-Neidnicht
Background: Systemic inflammation alters energy metabolism. A sufficient glucose level, however, is most important for erythrocytes, since erythrocytes rely on glucose as sole source of energy. Damage to erythrocytes leads to hemolysis. Both disorders of glucose metabolism and hemolysis are associated with an increased risk of death. The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of intravenous glucose on hemolysis during systemic inflammation. Materials and methods: Systemic inflammation was accomplished in male Wistar rats by continuous lipopolysaccharide (LPS) infusion (1 mg LPS/kg and h, 300 min)...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556787/dysregulation-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system-and-the-vasopressinergic-system-interactions-in-cardiovascular-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Ewa Szczepanska-Sadowska, Katarzyna Czarzasta, Agnieszka Cudnoch-Jedrzejewska
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In many instances, the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the vasopressinergic system (VPS) are jointly activated by the same stimuli and engaged in the regulation of the same processes. RECENT FINDINGS: Angiotensin II (Ang II) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), which are the main active compounds of the RAS and the VPS, interact at several levels. Firstly, Ang II, acting on AT1 receptors (AT1R), plays a significant role in the release of AVP from vasopressinergic neurons and AVP, stimulating V1a receptors (V1aR), regulates the release of renin in the kidney...
March 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554567/interspecies-variation-in-the-susceptibility-of-adult-pacific-salmon-to-toxic-urban-stormwater-runoff
#14
Jenifer K McIntyre, Jessica I Lundin, James R Cameron, Michelle I Chow, Jay W Davis, John P Incardona, Nathaniel L Scholz
Adult coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) prematurely die when they return from the ocean to spawn in urban watersheds throughout northwestern North America. The available evidence suggests the annual mortality events are caused by toxic stormwater runoff. The underlying pathophysiology of the urban spawner mortality syndrome is not known, and it is unclear whether closely related species of Pacific salmon are similarly at risk. The present study co-exposed adult coho and chum (O. keta) salmon to runoff from a high traffic volume urban arterial roadway...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540487/hypokalaemia-a-clinical-update
#15
Efstratios Kardalas, Stavroula A Paschou, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Gerasimos Siasos, Andromachi Vryonidou
Hypokalaemia is a common electrolyte disturbance, especially in hospitalized patients. It can have various causes, including endocrine ones. Sometimes, hypokalaemia requires urgent medical attention. The aim of this review is to present updated information regarding: 1) the definition and prevalence of hypokalaemia, 2) the physiology of potassium homeostasis, 3) the various causes leading to hypokalaemia, 4) the diagnostic steps for the assessment of hypokalaemia and 5) the appropriate treatment of hypokalaemia depending on the cause...
March 14, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532511/hypoglycaemia-was-common-in-acute-gastroenteritis-in-a-prospective-hospital-based-study-but-electrolyte-imbalances-were-not
#16
Mohammed Qadori, Elmira Flem, Terese Bekkevold, Henrik Døllner, Ann Marit Gilje, Astrid Rojahn, Ketil Størdal
AIM: Using routine blood sampling in a gastroenteritis diagnostic work-up is debatable. This study examined the relationship between the severity of acute gastroenteritis and blood test abnormalities. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled children under five years referred for outpatient or inpatient management for gastroenteritis from February 2014 to April 2016. The four study hospitals cared for 30% of Norwegian children. The severity of gastroenteritis was assessed using Vesikari scores...
March 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519546/incidence-of-hospital-acquired-hyponatremia-by-the-dose-and-type-of-diuretics-among-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-and-its-association-with-long-term-outcomes
#17
Masahiro Yamazoe, Atsushi Mizuno, Shun Kohsaka, Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Takashi Kohno, Ayumi Goda, Satoshi Higuchi, Mayuko Yagawa, Yuji Nagatomo, Tsutomu Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Diuretics are the cornerstone therapy for acute heart failure (AHF) but can lead to various electrolyte disturbances and inversely affect the patients' outcome. We aimed to evaluate whether (1) the dose of loop diuretics could predict hospital-acquired hyponatremia (HAH) during AHF treatment, (2) addition of thiazide diuretics could affect development of HAH, and (3) assess their impact on long-term outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed the subjects enrolled in the multicenter AHF registry (WET-HF)...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513702/morphological-and-clinical-findings-in-sri-lankan-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-cause-ckdu-similarities-and-differences-with-mesoamerican-nephropathy
#18
Julia Wijkström, Channa Jayasumana, Rajeewa Dassanayake, Nalin Priyawardane, Nimali Godakanda, Sisira Siribaddana, Anneli Ring, Kjell Hultenby, Magnus Söderberg, Carl-Gustaf Elinder, Annika Wernerson
In Sri Lanka, an endemic of chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu) is affecting rural communities. The endemic has similarities with Mesoamerican Nephropathy (MeN) in Central America, however it has not yet been clarified if the endemics are related diagnostic entities. We designed this study of kidney biopsies from patients with CKDu in Sri Lanka to compare with MeN morphology. Eleven patients with CKDu were recruited at the General Hospital, Polonnaruwa, using similar inclusion and exclusion criteria as our previous MeN studies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510902/acute-liver-failure-in-neonates-with-undiagnosed-hereditary-fructose-intolerance-due-to-exposure-from-widely-available-infant-formulas
#19
Hong Li, Heather M Byers, Alicia Diaz-Kuan, Miriam B Vos, Patricia L Hall, Silvia Tortorelli, Rani Singh, Matthew B Wallenstein, Meredith Allain, David P Dimmock, Ryan M Farrell, Shawn McCandless, Michael J Gambello
Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by aldolase B (ADOLB) deficiency resulting in an inability to metabolize fructose. The toxic accumulation of intermediate fructose-1-phosphate causes multiple metabolic disturbances, including postprandial hypoglycemia, lactic acidosis, electrolyte disturbance, and liver/kidney dysfunction. The clinical presentation varies depending on the age of exposure and the load of fructose. Some common infant formulas contain fructose in various forms, such as sucrose, a disaccharide of fructose and glucose...
February 27, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501380/risk-factors-for-postobstructive-diuresis-in-pediatric-patients-with-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-following-open-pyeloplasty-in-three-high-complexity-institutions
#20
Adriana M Pedraza Bermeo, Ana María Ortiz Zableh, Mariangel Castillo, Jaime Francisco Pérez Niño
INTRODUCTION: Postobstructive diuresis (POD) is a polyuric state in which large quantities of salt and water are eliminated after solving a urinary tract obstruction. These patients are at increased risk of severe dehydration, electrolytic disturbances, hypovolemic shock, and death. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is the most common etiology of collecting system dilatation in the fetal kidney, and a significant number of patients require pyeloplasty. There are limited data regarding prognostic risk factors for POD in this scenario...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
keyword
keyword
45352
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"