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Cartilage AND ultrasound AND knee

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630407/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-femoral-cartilage-thickness-in-patients-with-hypothyroidism
#1
Gul Devrimsel, Munevver Serdaroglu Beyazal, Aysegul Kucukali Turkyilmaz, Serap Baydur Sahin
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hypothyroidism on femoral cartilage thickness by using ultrasound, which has been found to be useful in the early diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Forty patients diagnosed with hypothyroidism and 30 age-, gender-, smoking status, physical activity-, and body mass index-matched healthy subjects were enrolled. The thickness of the femoral articular cartilage was measured using a 7- to 12-MHz linear probe. Three mid-point measurements were taken from each knee at the lateral condyle, intercondylar area, and medial condyle...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630395/association-of-neuropathic-pain-with-ultrasonographic-measurements-of-femoral-cartilage-thickness-and-clinical-parameters-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#2
Nilgün Mesci, Erkan Mesci, Duygu Geler Külcü
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate whether neuropathic pain is associated with femoral condylar cartilage thickness, electrical pain threshold, and clinical parameters in patients with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty patients over the age of 40 diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis were enrolled. The PainDETECT questionnaire, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Short Form-36 questionnaire were completed for all patients...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622408/pain-in-bilateral-knee-osteoarthritis-correlations-between-clinical-examination-radiological-and-ultrasonographical-findings
#3
Oana Serban, Mihai Porojan, Maria Deac, Flavia Cozma, Carolina Solomon, Manuela Lenghel, Mihaela Micu, Daniela Fodor
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlations between clinical symptoms (pain), physical examination, ultrasound (US), and radiological findings in patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Knee pain was appreciated during medial and lateral palpation of each knee joint and using visual analogue scale (VAS) and The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). US evaluation (osteophytes, meniscal protrusion, synovial fluid, femoral hyaline cartilage thickness) and radiological assessment (osteophytes, femoral-tibial space, Kellgren-Lawrence [K-L] score, enthesopathies) were performed by two examiners blinded to the clinical results and to each other...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600474/effect-of-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-after-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-injection-to-treat-osteochondral-defects-an-in%C3%A2-vivo-study
#4
Shoki Yamaguchi, Tomoki Aoyama, Akira Ito, Momoko Nagai, Hirotaka Iijima, Junichi Tajino, Xiangkai Zhang, Kiyan Wataru, Hiroshi Kuroki
We investigated the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) treatment combined with mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) injection for cartilage repair and subchondral bone reconstitution for treatment of osteochondral defects. An osteochondral defect was created on both femur grooves of Wistar rats. Four weeks later, bone marrow MSCs were injected into the right knee joint. The rats were divided into two intervention groups: without or with LIPUS irradiation. Cartilage repair was evaluated histologically based on the Wakitani cartilage repair score...
December 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556241/role-of-ultrasonography-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Win Min Oo, Myat Thae Bo
Ultrasound has become popular among rheumatologists as the first-choice imaging investigation for the evaluation and monitoring of osteoarthritis (OA). Because of recent improvement in technology, ultrasound has the ability to demonstrate and assess the minimal structural abnormalities, which involve the pathophysiology and progression of OA, such as articular cartilage, synovial tissue, bony cortex, and other soft tissue. Nowadays, ultrasonography is a promising technique for assessing soft tissue abnormalities such as joint effusion, synovial hypertrophy, Baker cyst, and other structural changes including the decrease in cartilage thickness, meniscus bulging, and formation of osteophyte...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401002/pediatric-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-age-and-sex-related-normal-b-mode-findings-of-the-knee
#6
Daniel Windschall, Ralf Trauzeddel, Maria Haller, Manuela Krumrey-Langkammerer, Antje Nimtz-Talaska, Rainer Berendes, Gerd Ganser, Christine Nirschl, Philipp Schoof, Ralf Felix Trauzeddel, Katharina Palm-Beden, Hartwig Lehmann
Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) is an important tool for evaluating disease activity, therapeutic progress, and remission status of rheumatic diseases in children. Knowledge of age-related normal findings is essential when interpreting pathological findings such as those seen in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. To evaluate normal findings of the knee joint, we recorded age-related stages of musculoskeletal development in the knee of 435 healthy children between 1 and 18 years of age using high-resolution B-mode MSUS...
November 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339375/gitelman-syndrome-disclosed-by-calcium-pyrophosphate-deposition-disease-early-diagnosis-by-ultrasonographic-study
#7
A Zabotti, P Della Siega, L Picco, L Quartuccio, M Bassetti, S De Vita
Gitelman's syndrome is a rare autosomal-recessive tubular disorder characterized by hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria associated to hypokalemia. The clinical spectrum is wide and usually characterized by chronic fatigue, cramps, muscle weakness and paresthesiae. We describe a case of a 43 year-old male patient with early onset of knee arthritis and no other symptoms. Ultrasound revealed diffuse and confluent hyperechoic deposits in cartilage, fibrocartilage of the menisci and synovium and calcium pyrophosphate crystals were observed in the synovial fluid of the knee...
2016: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311844/ultrasound-detection-of-knee-joint-degeneration-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Selma Eroglu, Esra Erkol Inal, Mehmet Eroglu, Serdar Oruc, Alper Murat Ulasli, Halime Cevik, Seden Demirci, Ozlem Solak, Umit Dundar, Hasan Toktas, Mehmet Yaman
OBJECTIVE: Early degeneration of the knees might occur in patients with multiple sclerosis secondary to balance and walking impairment and muscle weakness. The aims of this study were to evaluate the knee joints of patients with multiple sclerosis compared with healthy controls, using ultrasono-graphy, and to investigate whether there is any correlation between femoral cartilage degeneration and disease-related parameters. DESIGN: Study participants were 79 patients with multiple sclerosis and 60 healthy controls...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26926836/comparison-of-diagnostic-performance-of-semi-quantitative-knee-ultrasound-and-knee-radiography-with-mri-oulu-knee-osteoarthritis-study
#9
Jana Podlipská, Ali Guermazi, Petri Lehenkari, Jaakko Niinimäki, Frank W Roemer, Jari P Arokoski, Päivi Kaukinen, Esa Liukkonen, Eveliina Lammentausta, Miika T Nieminen, Osmo Tervonen, Juhani M Koski, Simo Saarakkala
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative musculoskeletal disease highly prevalent in aging societies worldwide. Traditionally, knee OA is diagnosed using conventional radiography. However, structural changes of articular cartilage or menisci cannot be directly evaluated using this method. On the other hand, ultrasound is a promising tool able to provide direct information on soft tissue degeneration. The aim of our study was to systematically determine the site-specific diagnostic performance of semi-quantitative ultrasound grading of knee femoral articular cartilage, osteophytes and meniscal extrusion, and of radiographic assessment of joint space narrowing and osteophytes, using MRI as a reference standard...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886247/diagnostic-accuracy-of-ultrasound-conventional-radiography-and-synovial-fluid-analysis-in-the-diagnosis-of-calcium-pyrophosphate-dihydrate-crystal-deposition-disease
#10
Georgios Filippou, Antonella Adinolfi, Marco A Cimmino, Carlo A Scirè, Serafino Carta, Sauro Lorenzini, Pierpaolo Santoro, Luca M Sconfienza, Ilaria Bertoldi, Valentina Picerno, Valentina Di Sabatino, Paolo Ferrata, Mauro Galeazzi, Bruno Frediani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic performance of ultrasound (US), x-rays, and microscopic analysis of synovial fluid (SF) for calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease (CPPD) using histology as a reference standard. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive patients with osteoarthritis waiting to undergo knee replacement surgery. Each patient underwent US of the knee, focusing on menisci and the hyaline cartilage, the day before surgery. During surgery, SF, menisci and condyles were retrieved and examined microscopically...
March 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874628/sonoelastographic-evaluation-of-the-distal-femoral-cartilage-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Semih Akkaya, Nuray Akkaya, Harun R Güngör, Kadir Ağladıoğlu, Nusret Ök, Levent Özçakar
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate sonoelastographic properties of the distal femoral cartilage in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Demographic characteristics and operative data of 28 patients (27 males, 1 female; mean age 31.7±7.1 years; range 22 to 48 years) with unilateral ACL reconstruction were evaluated. Reconstruction was performed with patellar tendon graft in 22 patients (78.6%) and hamstring tendon graft in six patients (21...
2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26797169/imaging-for-osteoarthritis
#12
REVIEW
D Hayashi, F W Roemer, A Guermazi
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a widely prevalent disease worldwide and, with an increasing ageing society, is a challenge for the field of physical and rehabilitation medicine. Technologic advances and implementation of sophisticated post-processing instruments and analytic strategies have resulted in imaging playing a more and more important role in understanding the disease process of OA. Radiography is still the most commonly used imaging modality for establishing an imaging-based diagnosis of OA. The need for an effective non-surgical OA treatment is highly desired, but despite on-going research efforts no disease-modifying OA drugs have been discovered or approved to date...
June 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788031/lower-extremity-injury-patterns-in-elite-ballet-dancers-ultrasound-mri-imaging-features-and-an-institutional-overview-of-therapeutic-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-interventions
#13
Razia Rehmani, Yoshimi Endo, Phillip Bauman, William Hamilton, Hollis Potter, Ronald Adler
BACKGROUND: Altered biomechanics from repetitive microtrauma, such as long practice hours in en pointe (tip of the toes) or demi pointe (balls of the feet) predispose ballet dancers to a multitude of musculoskeletal pathologies particularly in the lower extremities. Both ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are radiation-sparing modalities which can be used to confidently evaluate these injuries, with ultrasound (US) offering the added utility of therapeutic intervention at the same time in experienced hands...
October 2015: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557380/early-knee-osteoarthritis
#14
REVIEW
Marta Favero, Roberta Ramonda, Mary B Goldring, Steven R Goldring, Leonardo Punzi
Concepts regarding osteoarthritis, the most common joint disease, have dramatically changed in the past decade thanks to the development of new imaging techniques and the widespread use of arthroscopy that permits direct visualisation of intra-articular tissues and structure. MRI and ultrasound allow the early detection of pre-radiographic structural changes not only in the peri-articular bone but also in the cartilage, menisci, synovial membrane, ligaments and fat pad. The significance of MRI findings such as cartilage defects, bone marrow lesions, synovial inflammation/effusions and meniscal tears in patients without radiographic signs of osteoarthritis is not fully understood...
2015: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26490039/knee-effusion-ultrasound-as-a-useful-tool-for-the-detection-of-calcium-pyrophosphate-crystals
#15
Santiago Ruta, Erika Catay, Josefina Marin, Javier Rosa, Ricardo García-Monaco, Enrique R Soriano
The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound (US) and conventional radiography (CR) for the detection of calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals in patients with knee effusion. Consecutive patients ≥50 years old with knee effusion were included. All patients underwent arthrocentesis with aspiration of synovial fluid (SF) and subsequent analysis of CPP crystals using plain light and polarizing light microscopy. US and CR of the involved knee were performed immediately after arthrocentesis...
April 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26275694/effect-of-intra-articular-injection-of-aod9604-with-or-without-hyaluronic-acid-in-rabbit-osteoarthritis-model
#16
Dong Rak Kwon, Gi Young Park
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of AOD9604 intra-articular injections with or without hyaluronic acid (HA) in a collagenase-induced knee osteoarthritis (OA) rabbit model. DESIGN: Mature New Zealand white rabbits (n=32) were randomly administered 2 mg collagenase type II twice in each knee joint. Weekly injections of 0.6 mL saline (Group 1), 6 mg HA (Group 2), 0.25 mg AOD9604 (Group 3), and 0.25 mg AOD9604 with 6 mg HA (Group 4) were administered for 4-7 weeks after the first intra-articular collagenase injection...
2015: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26257191/vascular-remodeling-underlies-rebleeding-in-hemophilic-arthropathy
#17
Vikas Bhat, Merissa Olmer, Shweta Joshi, Donald L Durden, Thomas J Cramer, Richard Fw Barnes, Scott T Ball, Tudor H Hughes, Mauricio Silva, James V Luck, Randy E Moore, Laurent O Mosnier, Annette von Drygalski
Hemophilic arthropathy is a debilitating condition that can develop as a consequence of frequent joint bleeding despite adequate clotting factor replacement. The mechanisms leading to repeated spontaneous bleeding are unknown. We investigated synovial, vascular, stromal, and cartilage changes in response to a single induced hemarthrosis in the FVIII-deficient mouse. We found soft-tissue hyperproliferation with marked induction of neoangiogenesis and evolving abnormal vascular architecture. While soft-tissue changes were rapidly reversible, abnormal vascularity persisted for months and, surprisingly, was also seen in uninjured joints...
November 2015: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26216627/toward-standardized-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-pediatric-rheumatology-normal-age-related-ultrasound-findings
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Paz Collado, Jelena Vojinovic, Juan Carlos Nieto, Daniel Windschall, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, George A W Bruyn, Annamaria Iagnocco, Maria Antonietta D'agostino, Esperanza Naredo
OBJECTIVE: The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Ultrasound Task Force has recently started to work on the validation and standardization of musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) examination in children in order to improve its applicability to joint examination. METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter study performed by 4 experts in pediatric MSUS, who independently collected representative images using predefined scanning procedures of 4 joints (knee, ankle, wrist, and second metacarpophalangeal joint) in different predefined age groups...
March 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26163535/ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-quadriceps-muscle-and-femoral-cartilage-in-transtibial-amputees-using-different-prostheses
#19
Şule Şahin Onat, Fevziye Ünsal Malas, Gökhan Tuna Öztürk, Nuray Akkaya, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar
BACKGROUND: In patients with lower limb amputations, gait alteration, increased loading on the intact extremity, and use of prosthesis may lead to joint degeneration. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of prosthesis type on quadriceps muscle and distal femoral cartilage thicknesses in transtibial amputees. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 38 below-knee amputees were enrolled in the study, of which 13 patients were using vacuum system type prosthesis and 25 patients were using silicon liner pin system prosthesis...
August 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26137389/nonlinear-optical-microscopy-of-early-stage-icrs-grade-i-osteoarthritic-human-cartilage
#20
Rajesh Kumar, Kirsten M Grønhaug, Catharina L Davies, Jon O Drogset, Magnus B Lilledahl
In a synovial joint, the articular cartilage is directly affected during the progression of Osteoarthritis (OA). The characterization of early stage modification in extra-cellular matrix of cartilage is essential for detection as well as understanding the progression of disease. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the potential and capability of nonlinear optical microscopy for the morphological investigation of early stage osteoarthritic cartilage. ICRS Grade-I cartilage sections were obtained from the femoral condyle of the human knee...
May 1, 2015: Biomedical Optics Express
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