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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090606/hierarchical-span-based-conditional-random-fields-for-labeling-and-segmenting-events-in-wearable-sensor-data-streams
#1
Roy J Adams, Nazir Saleheen, Edison Thomaz, Abhinav Parate, Santosh Kumar, Benjamin M Marlin
The field of mobile health (mHealth) has the potential to yield new insights into health and behavior through the analysis of continuously recorded data from wearable health and activity sensors. In this paper, we present a hierarchical span-based conditional random field model for the key problem of jointly detecting discrete events in such sensor data streams and segmenting these events into high-level activity sessions. Our model includes higher-order cardinality factors and inter-event duration factors to capture domain-specific structure in the label space...
June 2016: Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Machine Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090605/domain-adaptation-methods-for-improving-lab-to-field-generalization-of-cocaine-detection-using-wearable-ecg
#2
Annamalai Natarajan, Gustavo Angarita, Edward Gaiser, Robert Malison, Deepak Ganesan, Benjamin M Marlin
Mobile health research on illicit drug use detection typically involves a two-stage study design where data to learn detectors is first collected in lab-based trials, followed by a deployment to subjects in a free-living environment to assess detector performance. While recent work has demonstrated the feasibility of wearable sensors for illicit drug use detection in the lab setting, several key problems can limit lab-to-field generalization performance. For example, lab-based data collection often has low ecological validity, the ground-truth event labels collected in the lab may not be available at the same level of temporal granularity in the field, and there can be significant variability between subjects...
September 2016: Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088232/utilization-of-mobile-phones-for-accessing-menstrual-regulation-services-among-low-income-women-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-analysis
#3
Chelsea Jordan Messinger, Ilias Mahmud, Sushama Kanan, Yamin Tauseef Jahangir, Malabika Sarker, Sabina Faiz Rashid
BACKGROUND: As many as one-third of all pregnancies in Bangladesh are unplanned, with nearly one-half of these pregnancies ending in either menstrual regulation (MR) or illegal clandestine abortion. Although MR is provided free of charge, or at a nominal cost, through the public sector and various non-profits organizations, many women face barriers in accessing safe, affordable MR and post-MR care. Mobile health (mHealth) services present a promising platform for increasing access to MR among low-income women at risk for clandestine abortion...
January 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068978/effectiveness-of-the-yourcall%C3%A2-text-message-intervention-to-reduce-harmful-drinking-in-patients-discharged-from-trauma-wards-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Shanthi Ameratunga, Bridget Kool, Sarah Sharpe, Papaarangi Reid, Arier Lee, Ian Civil, Gordon Smith, Vanessa Thornton, Matthew Walker, Robyn Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Behavioural brief interventions (BI) can support people to reduce harmful drinking but multiple barriers impede the delivery and equitable access to these. To address this challenge, we developed YourCallâ„¢, a novel short message service (SMS) text message intervention incorporating BI principles. This protocol describes a trial evaluating the effectiveness of YourCallâ„¢ (compared to usual care) in reducing hazardous drinking and alcohol related harm among injured adults who received in-patient care...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045283/classroom-level-adversity-associations-with-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-across-elementary-school
#5
Tashia Abry, Crystal I Bryce, Jodi Swanson, Robert H Bradley, Richard A Fabes, Robert F Corwyn
Concerns regarding the social-behavioral maladjustment of U.S. youth have spurred efforts among educators and policymakers to identify and remedy educational contexts that exacerbate children's anxiety, depression, aggression, and misconduct. However, investigations of the influence of collective classroom student characteristics on individuals' social-behavioral functioning are few. The present study examined concurrent and longitudinal relations between adversity factors facing the collective classroom student group and levels of children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors across the elementary school years, and whether the pattern of relations differed for girls and boys...
January 2, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043320/mobile-health-applications-their-discrepancies-and-corrections
#6
Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Muhammad Ahad Sher Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025735/examining-the-acceptability-of-mhealth-technology-in-hiv-prevention-among-high-risk-drug-users-in-treatment
#7
Roman Shrestha, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Frederick L Altice, Archana Krishnan, Michael Copenhaver
Despite promising trends of the efficacy of mobile health (mHealth) based strategies to a broad range of health conditions, very few if any studies have been done in terms of the examining the use of mHealth in HIV prevention efforts among people who use drugs in treatment. Thus, the goal of this study was to gain insight into the real-world acceptance of mHealth approaches among high-risk people who use drugs in treatment. A convenience sample of 400 HIV-negative drug users, who reported drug- and/or sex-related risk behaviors, were recruited from a methadone clinic in New Haven, Connecticut...
December 26, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005647/the-ethical-use-of-mobile-health-technology-in-clinical-psychiatry
#8
John Torous, Laura Weiss Roberts
The rapid rise of mobile health technologies, such as smartphone apps and wearable sensors, presents psychiatry with new tools of potential value in caring for patients. Novel diagnostic and therapeutic applications of these technologies have been developed in private industry and utilized in mental health, although these methods do not yet constitute standard of care. In this article, we provide an ethical perspective on the practical use of this novel modality by psychiatrists. We propose that in the present context of limited scientific research and regulatory oversight, mobile technologies should serve to enhance the psychiatrist-patient relationship, rather than replace it, to minimize potential clinical and ethical harm to vulnerable patients...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993761/patient-facing-mobile-apps-to-treat-high-need-high-cost-populations-a-scoping-review
#9
Karandeep Singh, Kaitlin Drouin, Lisa P Newmark, Malina Filkins, Elizabeth Silvers, Paul A Bain, Donna M Zulman, Jae-Ho Lee, Ronen Rozenblum, Erika Pabo, Adam Landman, Elissa V Klinger, David W Bates
BACKGROUND: Self-management is essential to caring for high-need, high-cost (HNHC) populations. Advances in mobile phone technology coupled with increased availability and adoption of health-focused mobile apps have made self-management more achievable, but the extent and quality of the literature supporting their use is not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to assess the breadth, quality, bias, and types of outcomes measured in the literature supporting the use of apps targeting HNHC populations...
December 19, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993166/the-effect-of-community-groups-and-mobile-phone-messages-on-the-prevention-and-control-of-diabetes-in-rural-bangladesh-study-protocol-for-a-three-arm-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Edward Fottrell, Hannah Jennings, Abdul Kuddus, Naveed Ahmed, Joanna Morrison, Kohenour Akter, Sanjit Kumar Shaha, Badrun Nahar, Tasmin Nahar, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus place a substantial burden on health care services, communities, families and individuals living with the disease or at risk of developing it. Estimates of the combined prevalence of intermediate hyperglycaemia and diabetes in Bangladesh vary, and can be as high as 30% of the adult population. Despite such high prevalence, awareness and control of diabetes and its risk factors are limited. Prevention and control of diabetes and its complications demand increased awareness and action of individuals and communities, with positive influences on behaviours and lifestyle choices...
December 19, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979792/the-mobile-phone-affinity-scale-enhancement-and-refinement
#11
Beth C Bock, Ryan Lantini, Herpreet Thind, Kristen Walaska, Rochelle K Rosen, Joseph L Fava, Nancy P Barnett, Lori Aj Scott-Sheldon
BACKGROUND: Existing instruments that assess individuals' relationships with mobile phones tend to focus on negative constructs such as addiction or dependence, and appear to assume that high mobile phone use reflects pathology. Mobile phones can be beneficial for health behavior change, disease management, work productivity, and social connections, so there is a need for an instrument that provides a more balanced assessment of the various aspects of individuals' relationships with mobile phones...
December 15, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976457/global-health-and-emergency-care-overcoming-clinical-research-barriers
#12
Adam C Levine, Meagan A Barry, Pooja Agrawal, Herbert C Duber, Mary P Chang, Joy M Mackey, Bhakti Hansoti
OBJECTIVES: There are many barriers impeding the conduct of high-quality emergency care research, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Several of these barriers were originally outlined in 2013 as part of the Academic Emergency Medicine Global Health and Emergency Care Consensus Conference. This paper seeks to establish a broader consensus on the barriers to emergency care research globally and proposes a comprehensive array of new recommendations to overcome these barriers...
December 15, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973672/first-steps-into-the-brave-new-transdiscipline-of-mobile-health
#13
Bonnie Spring, Angela Pfammatter, Nabil Alshurafa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969021/features-and-usability-assessment-of-a-patient-centered-mobile-application-heartmapp-for-self-management-of-heart-failure
#14
Ponrathi Athilingam, Miguel A Labrador, Elizabeth Frances J Remo, Laureen Mack, Alyanna Bianca San Juan, Amanda F Elliott
BACKGROUND: Mobile health technologies have emerged as a way to actively engage patients in their healthcare decision-making process. One who is well informed and motivated is thought to engage in self-management activities. Thus, the conceptual framework included "information, motivation, and behavioral change" model, with patient engagement as a mediator in the development and assessment of a mobile health application "HeartMapp" for chronic heart failure (CHF) self-management. PURPOSE: To describe the development and features of the HeartMapp and preliminary assessment of the usability of HeartMapp...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965873/using-mobile-health-technology-to-improve-behavioral-skill-implementation-through-homework-in-evidence-based-parenting-intervention-for-disruptive-behavior-disorders-in-youth-study-protocol-for-intervention-development-and-evaluation
#15
Anil Chacko, Andrew Isham, Andrew F Cleek, Mary M McKay
BACKGROUND: Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) (oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD)) are prevalent, costly, and oftentimes chronic psychiatric disorders of childhood. Evidence-based interventions that focus on assisting parents to utilize effective skills to modify children's problematic behaviors are first-line interventions for the treatment of DBDs. Although efficacious, the effects of these interventions are often attenuated by poor implementation of the skills learned during treatment by parents, often referred to as between-session homework...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956125/open-mhealth-architecture-a-primer-for-tomorrow-s-orthopedic-surgeon-and-introduction-to-its-use-in-lower-extremity-arthroplasty
#16
REVIEW
Prem N Ramkumar, George F Muschler, Kurt P Spindler, Joshua D Harris, Patrick C McCulloch, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: The recent private-public partnership to unlock and utilize all available health data has large-scale implications for public health and personalized medicine, especially within orthopedics. Today, consumer based technologies such as smartphones and "wearables" store tremendous amounts of personal health data (known as "mHealth") that, when processed and contextualized, have the potential to open new windows of insight for the orthopedic surgeon about their patients. METHODS: In the present report, the landscape, role, and future technical considerations of mHealth and open architecture are defined with particular examples in lower extremity arthroplasty...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956043/effect-of-mobile-health-interventions-on-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Sumeet Gandhi, Shu Chen, Louisa Hong, Kelly Sun, Enying Gong, Chaoyun Li, Lijing L Yan, Jon-David Schwalm
BACKGROUND: Despite the strong uptake of mobile health (mhealth) technology targeted at cardiovascular care, it is still unclear if this improves adherence to therapy and patient-related outcomes in those with established cardiovascular disease. METHODS: A systematic search of English and Chinese language studies was conducted to investigate the benefit of mhealth technology for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. RESULTS: Twenty-seven studies with 5165 patients were included in the systematic review...
September 13, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941039/targeted-response-an-exploration-of-why-ambulance-services-find-government-targets-particularly-challenging
#18
REVIEW
Mark Durham, Mark Faulkner, Charles Deakin
INTRODUCTION OR BACKGROUND: Ambulance services have historically found their targets particularly challenging. This article explores some areas of this multifaceted problem. SOURCES OF DATA: Research articles, government publications and published audit data. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Demand is increasing in many areas of healthcare, but whilst hospitals saw a 7% increase in demand in recent times, ambulance services saw nearly double that. The services ambulance trusts provide have evolved from that of a transport service to that of a mobile health provider, and they have become victims of their own success...
December 2016: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933450/effects-of-exercise-intervention-in-breast-cancer-patients-is-mobile-health-mhealth-with-pedometer-more-effective-than-conventional-program-using-brochure
#19
Kyeong Eun Uhm, Ji Sung Yoo, Seung Hyun Chung, Jong Doo Lee, Ilkyun Lee, Joong Il Kim, Se Kyung Lee, Seok Jin Nam, Yong Hyun Park, Ji Youl Lee, Ji Hye Hwang
PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the effects of mobile health (mHealth) and pedometer with conventional exercise program using a brochure on physical function and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: The study was a prospective, quasi-randomized multicenter trial where 356 patients whose cancer treatment had been terminated were enrolled. All patients were instructed to perform a 12-week regimen of aerobic and resistance exercise. The mHealth group received a pedometer and a newly developed smartphone application to provide information and monitor the prescribed exercises...
December 8, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928538/mobile-health-application-as-a-modern-tool-of-prevention-and-health-education-in-poland
#20
Urszula Religioni, Dominik Olejniczak, Joanna Kajak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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