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Sarah R Lowe, Laura Sampson, Oliver Gruebner, Sandro Galea
Persons living in communities with limited resources are at heightened risk of posttraumatic stress (PTS) after disasters, especially if they were highly exposed. The support deterrence desistence model and the conservation of resources theory suggest that this risk might increase in the longer-term aftermath of disasters. In the present study, we aimed to test this hypothesis. Two population-based samples of New York City residents in communities affected by Hurricane Sandy were surveyed at either 13-16 months (Time 1; n = 421) or 25-28 months (Time 2; n = 420) postdisaster...
October 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Andrew P Smith, Catherine A Millares-Sipin, Marian James, Henry Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the clinical impact of pharmacist-initiated vancomycin monitoring and dosing in a long-term care setting. DESIGN: Single-center, pretest, post-test design. SETTING: Rutland Nursing Home, Brooklyn, New York. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing facility residents treated with intravenous vancomycin (N = 198). OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary objective is to determine the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) a year before and a year after implementation of a pharmacist-initiated vancomycin-monitoring protocol...
September 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Deborah R Gustafson, Michelle M Mielke, Sheila A Keating, Susan Holman, Howard Minkoff, Howard A Crystal
CONTEXT: Case-control study of women with and without HIV infection. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of cognition and the adipokines, leptin and adiponectin (total; high molecular weight, HMW), in women with (HIV+) and without HIV (HIV-) infection. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of adipokines and cognition using linear regression models of log-transformed adipokines, and Trails A, Trails B, Stroop interference time, Stroop word recall, Stroop color naming and reading, and Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) with consideration for age, HIV infection status, education, CD4 count, diabetes, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and race/ethnicity...
October 2015: Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
Veena Venugopalan, Nathan Trustman, Nyla Manning, Nehal Hashem, Leonard Berkowitz, Levita Hidayat
Antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASPs) are used in numerous institutions in an effort to promote safe and effective antimicrobial use. The objectives of this study were to (i) assess physicians' perceptions, attitudes and knowledge about antimicrobial use, resistance and the ASP at The Brooklyn Hospital Center (TBHC) and (ii) measure physicians' beliefs and attitudes to the current system of prior authorisation of antimicrobials. A 75-item, anonymous, voluntary, traditional paper and pencil survey was distributed to resident physicians at TBHC...
March 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Kimberly S George, Calpurnyia B Roberts, Stephen Beasley, Margaretta Fox, Kweli Rashied-Henry
PURPOSE: Design, implement, and evaluate a 6-week social marketing campaign (SMC) to raise awareness of obesity and increase involvement in type 2 diabetes prevention, nutrition, and fitness programs offered by the Brooklyn Partnership to Drive Down Diabetes (BP3D) in two low-income, urban communities. DESIGN: This was a nonexperimental, formative research, mixed-methods study. SETTING: The study took place in Central Brooklyn and East New York, two of the most impoverished, high-need communities in New York City...
March 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Vahe Shahnazarian, Parag Mehta
At a community hospital in Brooklyn, New York, the process for ordering add-on testing to drawn blood tubes involved filling out a paper sheet, then faxing and bulleting that sheet to the lab. It was a very inefficient, cumbersome, and unsatisfactory way of completing the process. In light of this, an EMR intervention was implemented in which the add-on order was placed as an EMR order. The study spanned over almost five years, over a year of which was post-intervention. There was a statistically significant increase in the number of add-on orders being placed as a result of the intervention...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Pascal James Imperato
The 1977 New York City blackout began at 9:36 p.m. on 13 July and lasted some 25 h until 10:39 p.m. on 14 July. The New York City Department of Health rapidly set up a Blackout Contingency Plan, established priorities, and mobilized its staff to address remedial interventions. Top priorities included water supplies, sewage disposal, perishable food supplies, hospital and emergency room services, solid waste disposal, beach contamination with untreated sewage , and assisting those on electrically powered home life support systems...
August 2016: Journal of Community Health
Bethany Johnson, Margaret M Quinlan
Twilight Sleep (TS) is an obstetric intervention during which a laboring woman enters a semiconscious state via injection. TS received enthusiastic support in Brooklyn, NY, in The Brooklyn Eagle (TBE) newspaper between 1914 and 1918. The purpose of this article is to analyze the framing of TS in TBE as the most popular obstetric intervention among wealthy, White socialites in Brooklyn during the period. The coverage in TBE prompted a nearly universally positive perception of TS among the newspaper's wider readership...
May 9, 2016: Health Communication
Howard A Crystal, Susan Holman, Yvonne W Lui, Alison E Baird, Hua Yu, Ronald Klein, Diana Marcella Rojas-Soto, Deborah R Gustafson, Glenn T Stebbins
OBJECTIVE: The fractal dimension of retinal arteries and veins is a measure of the complexity of the vascular tree. We hypothesized that retinal fractal dimension would be associated with brain volume and white matter integrity in HIV-infected women. DESIGN: Nested case-control within longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: Women were recruited from the Brooklyn site of the Women's Interagency HIV study (WIHS); 34 HIV-infected and 21 HIV-uninfected women with analyzable MRIs and retinal photographs were included...
2016: PloS One
Laura A Geer, Benny F G Pycke, Joshua Waxenbaum, David M Sherer, Ovadia Abulafia, Rolf U Halden
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest associations between fetal exposure to antimicrobial and paraben compounds with adverse reproductive outcomes, mainly in animal models. We have previously reported elevated levels of these compounds for a cohort of mothers and neonates. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between human exposure to parabens and antimicrobial compounds and birth outcomes including birth weight, body length and head size, and gestational age at birth...
March 11, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Andrea M Morris, Karen A Ricci, Anne R Griffin, Kevin C Heslin, Aram Dobalian
BACKGROUND: Adequate hospital staffing during and after a disaster is critical to meet increased health care demands and to ensure continuity of care and patient safety. However, when a disaster occurs, staff may become both victim and responder, decreasing their ability and willingness to report for work. This qualitative study assessed the personal and professional challenges that affected staff decisions to report to work following a natural disaster and examined the role of management in addressing staff needs and concerns...
2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
Brooklyn J Fraser, Quan L Huynh, Michael D Schmidt, Terence Dwyer, Alison J Venn, Costan G Magnussen
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine whether childhood muscular fitness phenotypes (strength, endurance, and power) are independently associated with adult metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study including 737 participants who had muscular fitness measures in 1985 when age 9, 12, or 15 yr and attended follow-up in young adulthood 20 yr later when measures of MetS were collected. Childhood measures of muscular fitness included strength (right and left grip, leg, and shoulder extension and flexion), endurance (number of push-ups in 30 s), and power (distance of a standing long jump)...
September 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Beth M Isaac, Abbey Masonbrink, Joseph Kennedy, Sharon K Greene, Robin R Hennessy, Jennifer B Rosen, Lisa Trieu, Stephanie Ngai, Stephen S Morse, Don Weiss
OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of reportable bacterial infections among infants in New York City and identify populations at risk and preventable causes of morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study matched live births in New York City from 2001-2009 to reported cases of bacterial infections among infants less than 1 year of age. Characteristics recorded on birth certificates were compared between infants with bacterial enteric infection, bacterial nonenteric infection, and no reportable bacterial infection...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Timothy Nguyen, Elaine Wong, Antony Pham
PURPOSE: To obtain student perceptions of team-based learning and compare the effectiveness of team-based learning and traditional lecture formats in a clinical pharmacology course for physician assistant (PA) students. METHODS: Clinical pharmacology is a course offered to PA students in their first year of training at LIU Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY. In spring 2014, half of the course was offered in a traditional lecture format and the remaining half was offered in a team-based learning format...
March 2016: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
P Daniel, R Gist, A Grock, S Kohlhoff, P Roblin, B Arquilla
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe an educational method teaching Disaster Medicine to American Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians and to evaluate knowledge attainment using this method. METHODS: This was an observational study using a pre-test and a post-test. A full-scale disaster exercise (FSE) was conducted at a large academic center with two hospitals in Brooklyn, New York (USA). Eighty-two EM residents (physicians in training, post medical school) participated in the study...
June 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Haroldo V Ribeiro, Satyam Mukherjee, Xiao Han T Zeng
The idea that the success rate of a team increases when playing home is broadly accepted and documented for a wide variety of sports. Investigations on the so-called "home advantage phenomenon" date back to the 70's and ever since has attracted the attention of scholars and sport enthusiasts. These studies have been mainly focused on identifying the phenomenon and trying to correlate it with external factors such as crowd noise and referee bias. Much less is known about the effects of home advantage in the "microscopic" dynamics of the game (within the game) or possible team-specific and evolving features of this phenomenon...
2016: PloS One
Brooklyn Glaser, Esther Suter
Interprofessional collaboration in health care is gaining popularity. This secondary analysis focuses on social workers' experiences on interprofessional teams. The data revealed that social workers perceived overall collaboration as positive. However, concerns were made apparent regarding not having the opportunity to work to full scope and a lack of understanding of social work ideology from other professionals. Both factors seem to impede integration of and collaboration with social workers on health care teams...
May 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Sarah Timmins DeGregory, Nupur Chaudhury, Patrick Kennedy, Philip Noyes, Aletha Maybank
In 2010, the Brooklyn Active Transportation Community Planning Initiative launched in 2 New York City neighborhoods. Over a 2-year planning period, residents participated in surveys, school and community forums, neighborhood street assessments, and activation events-activities that highlighted the need for safer streets locally. Consensus among residents and key multisectoral stakeholders, including city agencies and community-based organizations, was garnered in support of a planned expansion of bicycling infrastructure...
April 2016: American Journal of Public Health
David Del Bello, Agnes Cha, Maria Sorbera, Kian Bichoupan, Calley Levine, Erin Doyle, Alyson Harty, Neal Patel, Michel Ng, Donald Gardenier, Joseph Odin, Thomas D Schiano, Daniel S Fierer, Leonard Berkowitz, Ponni V Perumalswami, Douglas T Dieterich, Andrea D Branch
BACKGROUND: Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) with or without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) achieve high sustained virological response (SVR) rates on sofosbuvir (SOF)-containing regimens in clinical trials. Real world data on patients coinfected with HCV and HIV treated with SOF-based regimens are lacking. METHODS: This observational cohort study included HIV/HCV-coinfected adults with genotype 1 HCV who initiated treatment with a SOF-containing regimen between December 2013 and December 2014 (n = 89) at the Mount Sinai Hospital or the Brooklyn Hospital Center...
June 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Fadi Al Akhrass, Brooklyn Hensley, Lillian Thomas, Raymond Elsoueidi
Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKL) of the nasal type is a rare, clinically aggressive disease. ENKL of the nasal type is often localized in the upper aerodigestive tract, including the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, paranasal sinuses, tonsils, hypopharynx and larynx, and usually presents as stage I/II. Extranasal involvement can occur, and a common site of extranasal involvement or metastatic disease includes the skin. Identifying skin metastases is important for the appropriate staging and treatment...
January 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
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