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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666290/viral-diversity-of-house-mice-in-new-york-city
#1
Simon H Williams, Xiaoyu Che, Joel A Garcia, John D Klena, Bohyun Lee, Dorothy Muller, Werner Ulrich, Robert M Corrigan, Stuart Nichol, Komal Jain, W Ian Lipkin
The microbiome of wild Mus musculus (house mouse), a globally distributed invasive pest that resides in close contact with humans in urban centers, is largely unexplored. Here, we report analysis of the fecal virome of house mice in residential buildings in New York City, NY. Mice were collected at seven sites in Manhattan, Queens, Brooklyn, and the Bronx over a period of 1 year. Unbiased high-throughput sequencing of feces revealed 36 viruses from 18 families and 21 genera, including at least 6 novel viruses and 3 novel genera...
April 17, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540131/translation-of-the-national-diabetes-prevention-program-to-engage-men-in-disadvantaged-neighborhoods-in-new-york-city-a-description-of-power-up-for-health
#2
Tiffany L Gary-Webb, Elizabeth A Walker, Lindsey Realmuto, Alexandra Kamler, Jennifer Lukin, William Tyson, Olveen Carrasquillo, Linda Weiss
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) landmark randomized trial demonstrated that participants with prediabetes could reduce their risk for type 2 diabetes by 58% if they achieved 5%-7% weight loss through healthy eating and increasing physical activity. The National DPP (NDPP) is a group intervention based on the DPP and has been widely disseminated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and many healthcare institutions. While data show that the program is effective in diverse populations, enrollment among men from low-income and minority communities is low...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495893/discrimination-and-sexual-risk-among-caribbean-latinx-young-adults
#3
Angie Denisse Otiniano Verissimo, Typhanye Penniman Dyer, Samuel R Friedman, Gilbert C Gee
OBJECTIVES: Discrimination, such as being treated unfairly due to race, contributes to stress. Individuals may cope with this by engaging in risky behaviors. Consistent with this premise, prior studies found that discrimination is associated with substance use. Research has also shown that sex while 'high' on alcohol and drugs is associated with increased risk for HIV and other STIs. The present study examines the relationship between discrimination and sexual risk. We investigate whether discrimination is associated with sex while high on alcohol and drugs...
March 2, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472068/childhood-cardiorespiratory-fitness-muscular-fitness-and-adult-measures-of-glucose-homeostasis
#4
Brooklyn J Fraser, Leigh Blizzard, Michael D Schmidt, Markus Juonala, Terence Dwyer, Alison J Venn, Costan G Magnussen
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether childhood cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular fitness phenotypes (strength, power, endurance) predict adult glucose homeostasis measures. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. METHODS: Study examining participants who had physical fitness measured in childhood (aged 7-15 years) and who attended follow-up clinics approximately 20 years later and provided a fasting blood sample which was tested for glucose and insulin...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399614/high-complete-resection-rate-for-pre-lift-and-cold-biopsy-of-diminutive-colorectal-polyps
#5
Sam A O'Connor, Trevor N Brooklyn, Paul D Dunckley, Roland M Valori, Ruth Carr, Chris Foy, Thusitha Somarathna, Lukasz A Adamczyk, Neil A Shepherd, John T Anderson
Background and study aims:  The majority of polyps removed at colonoscopy are diminutive (≤ 5 mm) to small (< 10 mm) and there are few guidelines for the best way for these polyps to be removed. We aimed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of cold biopsy forceps polypectomy with pre-lift (CBPP) for polyps ≤ 7 mm. Our aims were to assess completeness of histological resection of this technique, to identify factors contributing to this and assess secondary considerations such as timing, retrieval and complication rates...
February 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373137/indicators-of-nutrient-pollution-in-long-island-new-york-estuarine-environments
#6
Elizabeth Burke Watson, Elisabeth Powell, Nicole P Maher, Autumn J Oczkowski, Bhanu Paudel, Adam Starke, Katelyn Szura, Cathleen Wigand
Roughly eight million people live on Long Island, including Brooklyn and Queens, and despite improvements in wastewater treatment, nearly all its coastal waterbodies are impaired by excessive nitrogen. We used nutrient stoichiometry and stable isotope ratios in estuarine biota and soils to identify water pollution hot spots and compare among potential indicators. We found strong gradients in δ15 N values, which were correlated with watershed land cover, population density, and wastewater discharges. Weaker correlations were found for δ13 C values and nutrient stoichiometric ratios...
March 2018: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357953/perirectal-screening-for-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-obtained-from-100-consecutive-healthy-pregnant-women-in-labor-at-a-brooklyn-hospital-results-and-risk-factors
#7
Sarah A Rawstron, Janelle M Jackman, Elena Serebro, Gail Johnson, Michael Cabbad, Kenneth Bromberg, Vasantha Kondamudi, Doug Sepkowitz, David Landman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296679/foot-force-models-of-crowd-dynamics-on-a-wobbly-bridge
#8
Igor Belykh, Russell Jeter, Vladimir Belykh
Modern pedestrian and suspension bridges are designed using industry standard packages, yet disastrous resonant vibrations are observed, necessitating multimillion dollar repairs. Recent examples include pedestrian-induced vibrations during the opening of the Solférino Bridge in Paris in 1999 and the increased bouncing of the Squibb Park Bridge in Brooklyn in 2014. The most prominent example of an unstable lively bridge is the London Millennium Bridge, which started wobbling as a result of pedestrian-bridge interactions...
November 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232225/a-cocaine-beverage%C3%A2-from-brooklyn-ola-laboratories-spicy-blend-of-cola-coca-and-mat%C3%A3
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198051/doula-services-within-a-healthy-start-program-increasing-access-for-an-underserved-population
#10
Mary-Powel Thomas, Gabriela Ammann, Ellen Brazier, Philip Noyes, Aletha Maybank
PURPOSE: Women of color in the United States, particularly in high-poverty neighborhoods, experience high rates of poor birth outcomes, including cesarean section, preterm birth, low birthweight, and infant mortality. Doula care has been linked to improvements in many perinatal outcomes, but women of color and low-income women often face barriers in accessing doula support. DESCRIPTION: To address this issue, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's Healthy Start Brooklyn introduced the By My Side Birth Support Program in 2010...
December 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176408/prescription-opioid-use-among-opioid-naive-women-undergoing-immediate-breast-reconstruction
#11
Daniel P Marcusa, Rachel A Mann, David C Cron, Brooklyn R Fillinger, Alexandra K Rzepecki, Jeffrey H Kozlow, Adeyiza Momoh, Michael Englesbe, Chad Brummett, Jennifer F Waljee
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients may be particularly vulnerable to the deleterious effects of prolonged opioid use. The authors explored the factors that influence postoperative opioid prescription fills among women following postmastectomy reconstruction. METHODS: Using the Truven Health MarketScan Research Databases, the authors identified a cohort of 4113 opioid-naive patients undergoing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction between January of 2010 and August of 2014...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153055/routine-colonoscopy-diabetic-eye-care-mammogram-and-pap-smear-screening-in-vascular-surgery-patients
#12
Young Lee, Afsha Aurshina, Aaron J Lee, Israel M Ackerman, Michael Chait, Daniel Novak, Anil Hingorani, Enrico Ascher, Natalie Marks
Objective An increasing emphasis on preventive medicine has been supported by the recent reforms in United States health care system. Majority of the patients seen in vascular surgery clinics are elderly with more extensive medical comorbidities compared to the general population. Thus, these patients would be expected at higher risk for common malignant pathologies such as colon, breast and cervical cancer, and nonmalignant diseases such as diabetic retinopathy. This study looked at the screening compliance of vascular patients compared to data provided by Centers for Disease Control on the national and state levels...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142787/sleep-apnea-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks-among-haitian-medical-students
#13
Diana M Rosenthal, Donaldson F Conserve, Dodley Severe, Michaele A Gedeon, Ferdinand Zizi, Georges Casimir, Samy I McFarlane, Girardin Jean Louis
Sleep apnea is a prevalent sleep disorder that disproportionately affects blacks and has been previously studied among Caribbean-born blacks in Brooklyn, New York, but there has been negligible research in the Caribbean, specifically Haiti, and developing countries on this pressing health issue. A total of 373 medical students (mean age=20.6 years ± 2.3 years) from a medical school in Haiti participated in this study. Participants were administered a questionnaire assessing their sleep health and cardiovascular outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135548/from-brooklyn-s-master-laughing-gasser-dr-colton-s-dentifrice%C3%A2-for-rigg-s-disease
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055651/miracle-near-34th-street-wartime-penicillin-research-at-st-john-s-university-ny
#15
Gilbert Shama
In the spring of 1944 Sister Marie Immaculate was awarded a Master of Science degree for research on penicillin which she had conducted at St John's University in Brooklyn, New York. She gave her motivation for undertaking research in this topic as wishing to fulfil her patriotic duty by participating in the quest towards making penicillin more readily available to all who needed it. It is possible that contemporary media reports suggesting that the power of penicillin was comparable to a miracle cure contributed to her interest in the subject at the time...
December 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876302/seroprevalence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-inner-city-children-and-adolescents-implications-for-vaccine-development
#16
Natalie Banniettis, Sirisha Thumu, Jeremy Weedon, Kobkul Chotikanatis, Aviva Szigeti, Margaret R Hammerschlag, Stephan A Kohlhoff
BACKGROUND: Prevention of Chlamydia trachomatis infection is an ideal application for a vaccine program, which should optimally be administered before sexual debut. However, there are limited epidemiologic studies of C. trachomatis infection in an unselected pediatric population since routine screening and treatment of pregnant women was implemented in the United States in 1993. METHODS: Anonymized serum samples were obtained from children younger than 21 years in 2 medical centers in Brooklyn, New York, from 2013 to 2015...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855299/tobacco-retail-environment-near-housing-programmes-for-patients-with-mental-health-conditions-in-new-york-city
#17
Erin S Rogers, Elizabeth A Vargas
OBJECTIVES: The current study sought to characterise the tobacco retail environment of supportive housing facilities for persons with mental health (MH) conditions in New York City (NYC) and to estimate the potential impact of a tobacco retail ban near public schools on the retail environment of MH housing in NYC. METHODS: Texas A&M Geocoding Services was used to geocode the addresses of housing programmes for patients with MH conditions, non-MH residences, public schools and tobacco retailers in NYC...
August 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855293/social-experience-alters-socially-induced-serotonergic-fluctuations-in-the-inferior-colliculus
#18
Sarah M Keesom, Brooklyn G Sloss, Zita Erbowor-Becksen, Laura M Hurley
Past social experience and current social context shape the responses of animals to social signals. The serotonergic system is one potential mechanism by which both experiential and contextual factors could be conveyed to sensory systems, such as the auditory system, for multiple reasons. 1 ) Many features of the serotonergic system are sensitive to social experience. 2 ) Elevations in serotonergic activity are triggered by social partners, and variations in socially triggered serotonergic responses reflect behavioral differences among social encounters...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822869/a-review-of-terrorism-and-its-reduction-of-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-after-seasonal-adjustment
#19
Victor Grech, Dorota Zammit
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, a ratio expressed as M/T (males:total births). The ratio exhibits seasonal variation. Furthermore, acute stressful events may result in a transient dip in male births due to excess foetal losses, reducing M/T. AIMS: This study was carried out in order to identify significant M/T dips after adjusting for seasonality. STUDY DESIGN: Live births by gender and month were sought for acute stressful events...
August 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821206/contemporary-survival-endpoints-an-international-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma-registry-study
#20
Tabitha Cooney, Adam Lane, Ute Bartels, Eric Bouffet, Stewart Goldman, Sarah E S Leary, Nicholas K Foreman, Roger J Packer, Alberto Broniscer, Jane E Minturn, Chie-Schin Shih, Murali Chintagumpala, Tim Hassall, Nicholas G Gottardo, Hetal Dholaria, Lindsey Hoffman, Brooklyn Chaney, Joshua Baugh, Renee Doughman, James L Leach, Blaise V Jones, Maryam Fouladi, Katherine E Warren, Michelle Monje
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Neuro-oncology
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