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Karen E James, Rui Xiao, Peter A Merkel, Pamela F Weiss
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the clinical course and outcomes of a cohort of children with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of children diagnosed with GPA in a tertiary care facility from 2000-2014. All subjects met the American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for GPA or the 2008 European League against Rheumatism/Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation/Paediatric Rheumatology European Society criteria for GPA...
October 6, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Piotr Buda, Ryszard Grenda, Anna Wieteska-Klimczak, Piotr Gietka, Lidia Skobejko-Włodarska, Karina Felberg, Janusz Książyk
Eosinophilic cystitis (EC) is a rare inflammatory disorder of the urinary tract characterized by infiltration of bladder with eosinophils. The cause remains unclear, immunological mechanisms have been implicated in pathogenesis. Potential etiological factors include: tumors, allergy, parasitic infections, trauma. The disease may have a variable course, from a mild self-limiting, through common symptoms like: dysuria, hematuria, abdominal pain, tumor, to severe renal failure, with eosinophilic infiltration of the other organs and systemic complications...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Ankur Bansal, Priyank Yadav, Manoj Kumar, Satyanarayan Sankhwar, Bimalesh Purkait, Ankur Jhanwar, Siddharth Singh
PURPOSE: This study was performed to characterise the nature, clinical presentation, mode of insertion, and management of intravesical foreign bodies in patients treated at our hospital. METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2014, 49 patients were treated for intravesical foreign bodies at King George Medical University, Lucknow. All records of these patients were retrospectively analysed to characterise the nature of the foreign body, each patient's clinical presentation, the mode of insertion, and how the case was managed...
September 2016: International Neurourology Journal
Chan Won Park, In Seok Lim, Sin Weon Yun, Soo Ahn Chae, Na Mi Lee, Dae Yong Yi
We report a case of Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) presenting without typical skin lesion; atypical symptoms initially appeared following influenza infection. A 4-year-old girl with influenza presented with epigastric pain and vomiting. On physical examination, there was epigastric tenderness, but no other signs, such as skin rash. On the second day, she vomited blood 10 times. Ultrasonography indicated focal bowel wall thickening in the right upper quadrant. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed oedematous and purpuric mucosa in the gastric pylorus and duodenum...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Tatenda Calvin Nzenza, Derek Barry Hennessey, Tim Dunshea, Nathan Lawrentschuk
Upper urinary tract rupture in the absence of trauma is typically related to ureteric calculi causing obstructive nephropathy. Spontaneous extravasation of contrast during CT intravenous pyelography (CT IVP) is infrequently reported. Two cases, who underwent CT IVP to further investigate positive urine cytology and microscopic haematuria, respectively, are described here. In both cases, there was spontaneous extravasation of contrast seen in the postcontrast scans in the absence of ureteric calculi or hydronephrosis which is very unusual...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Amine Slaoui, Souhail Regragui, Abdelouahad Lasri, Tarik Karmouni, Khalid El Khader, Abdellatif Koutani, Ahmed Ibn Attya
BACKGROUND: Congenital malformations of the seminal vesicle are uncommon, and most of them are cystic malformations. If an insult occurs between the 4th and the 13 h gestational week, the embryogenesis of the kidney, ureter, seminal vesicle, and vas deferens could be altered. Cysts of the seminal vesicle may appear with a mass effect, dysuria, epididymitis, or obstruction of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts. Approximately two thirds of them are associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis, because both the ureteral buds and seminal vesicles originate from the mesonephric (Wolffian) duct...
2016: Basic and Clinical Andrology
Solomon Kadiri
Hypertension prevalence rates in most urbanized areas of Africa range from 20-30%, with a recent systematic review reporting 16.2% for sub-Saharan Africa. These rates are lower than those in the West but the age standardized rates are higher than in other regions of the world. The attendant morbidity and mortality are disproportionately high. For example, failure of nocturnal dipping and microalbuminuria, predictive of vascular disease, occur relatively early in the course of hypertension and predispose to early vascular disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Eduardo Ferreira Pedroso de Almeida, Tomás Elias Abdalla, Tiago Pedromonico Arrym, Pamela de Oliveira Delgado, Marcelo Langer Wroclawski, Beatriz da Costa Aguiar Alves, Flávia de S Gehrke, Ligia Ajaime Azzalis, Sarah Alves, Marcos Tobias-Machado, Antonio Carlos de Lima Pompeo, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca
a) Objective: An increase in cell-free DNA was observed in the plasma of many cancer patients. This major biomarker can be used to differentiate patients with malignant neoplasms from those with benign neoplasms or healthy patients. Depending on the characteristic of the tumor, there are qualitative variations in the circulating cell-free DNA. Today, studies on the concentration of fragments of circulating cell-free DNA and their respective sizes in patients with bladder cancer are not plentiful in the literature...
September 4, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Mikkel Fode, Gyrithe L Pedersen, Nessn Azawi
OBJECTIVE: Between 2012 and 2014, nine consecutive patients with symptomatic urachal remnants were treated at Roskilde Hospital, Denmark, with a robot-assisted laparoscopic en bloc resection of their urachal remnants with partial cystectomy and umbilectomy with primary umbilicoplasty. The objective of this study is to report surgical results and give recommendations for the management of urachal remnants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient group consisted of four women and five men with a median age of 59 years...
August 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Fredrik Liedberg, Ulf Gerdtham, Katarina Gralén, Sigurdur Gudjonsson, Staffan Jahnson, Irene Johansson, Oskar Hagberg, Staffan Larsson, Anna-Karin Lind, Annica Löfgren, Jenny Wanegård, Hanna Åberg, Mef Nilbert
BACKGROUND: The delay between onset of macroscopic haematuria and diagnosis of bladder cancer is often long. METHODS: We evaluated timely diagnosis and health-care costs for patients with macroscopic haematuria given fast-track access to diagnostics. During a 15-month period, a telephone hotline for fast-track diagnostics was provided in nine Swedish municipalities for patients aged ⩾50 years with macroscopic haematuria. The control group comprised 101 patients diagnosed with bladder cancer in the same catchment area with macroscopic haematuria who underwent regular diagnostic process...
September 27, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
L Brouwers, M Bemelman, W L M Kramer, F H W M van der Heijden
- In 90% of children, blunt abdominal trauma is the cause of renal, splenic or hepatic injury or an injury affecting a combination of these organs.- Because children's kidneys are anatomically less protected than those of adults, potential renal injury following direct trauma affecting the child's flank, for example by a handlebar or knee should be considered.- Symptoms of renal trauma include excoriations or haematoma on the flank, a 'seatbelt-sign', macroscopic haematuria and fractures of the ribs and vertebra...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Giovanni Cenderello, Antonio Di Biagio, Niccolò Riccardi, Lucia Taramasso, Andrea De Maria, Giovanni Cassola, Claudio Viscoli
This work focused on Schistosoma spp. as a potential agent of gross haematuria in non endemic areas. This change in epidemiology is mainly due to recent migratory flows. Moreover it emphasized the needfor cultural action (aimed at Urologists, Dermatologists, General Practitioners and Emergency Medicine doctors) to provide the elements for a correct and timely diagnosis. But the most important issue raised by this paper is the call for a fast track supply of drugs (usually not available in Italy) to field operators for treating tropical diseases...
August 23, 2016: New Microbiologica
D G V D Seneth Gajasinghe, Ishra Nazeer, Hansika P Maddumage, Chrysantha Perera, Anuruddha M Abeygunasekera
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma developing metastases in the bladder is rare. Bladder metastasis due to a papillary type of renal cell carcinoma is rarer. Such metastases could be synchronous or metachronous. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we present a 55-year-old female patient with haematuria who underwent left nephro-ureterectomy for a suspected urothelial tumour. Histopathology revealed it to be a type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma. Eighteen months later, she developed metachronous bladder metastasis of the papillary renal cell carcinoma which was treated with total cystectomy...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Ketan Vagholkar, Suvarna Vagholkar
Bladder rupture is a very morbid injury following blunt or penetrating lower abdominal trauma. Prompt diagnosis is crucial to initiate optimal treatment. Intraperitoneal bladder rupture is associated with haematuria and biochemical features of renal failure. Cystogram is diagnostic. Immediate open surgical repair is the main stay of treatment. A case of intraperitoneal rupture diagnosed preoperatively by the presence of haematuria and pseudorenal failure is presented to highlight the association of posttraumatic haematuria and pseudorenal failure in such injuries...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Lin Da Aw, Murizah M Zain, Sandro C Esteves, Peter Humaidan
A typical male looking adolescent with a legal female gender assignment presented with haematuria. Investigations led to the diagnosis of Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome. The condition is indeed a rare entity that needs a multidisciplinar team management. Case hypothesis: A case of Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome undiagnosed at birth because karyotyping was defaulted, thus resulting in a significant impact on the legal gender assignment and psychosocial aspects. Promising future implications: The reporting of this case is important to create awareness due to its rarity coupled with the rare presentation with hematuria as a possible masquerade to menstruation...
August 18, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Daniel Ching, Eleni Anastasiadis, Sarb Sandhu
INTRODUCTION: Non-urothelial tumours are rare and account for less than 5% of all bladder tumours. Bladder paragangliomas also known as extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas are of the non-urothelial subgroup. We present an unusual case of asymptomatic bladder paraganglioma. CASE REPORT: A 77year old lady presented with acute abdominal pain was found to have an incidental enhancing nodule in the bladder. During cystoscopy and transurethral resection the patient experienced significant fluctuations in blood pressure that required anaesthetic adjustments...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Akram Saad, Jeffrey Goldstein, Yaacov Richard Lawrence, Ilana Weiss, Rasha Saad, Benjamin Spieler, Zvi Symon
INTRODUCTION: The purpose is to describe the method, safety and efficacy of transperineal gold seed placement for image-guided radiation therapy. METHODS: An ethics committee approved database was used to review records of consecutive patients from October 2008 through December 2013, who underwent transperineal implantation of three gold markers into the prostate using staged local anaesthesia and transrectal ultrasound. Seeds were counted on radiographs from CT simulation, first treatment and last treatment...
December 2015: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Mohd Ashraf, Virender Kumar, Rifat Ara Bano, Khursheed Ahmed Wani, Javed Ahmed, Kaisar Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Definite paucity of data pertaining to spectrum of renal and urinary tract diseases in our state and in various parts of India forms the basis of this study. Available data has emphasized more on specific clinical syndromes and chronic renal diseases rather than over all spectrums of renal and urinary tract diseases, that too in adult population. AIM: The present study a retrospective analysis, forms one of the basic data of paediatric nephrology and urology related disorders in our state...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Deepak Batura, Tumaj Hashemzehi, Tiffany Lee, Krsna Mahbubani, Munira Ally, Malwina Julia Figaszewska, Rajesh Kavia
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to inform health policy by demonstrating the benefits of an electronic referral (e-referral) system to study inpatient referrals to urology departments. METHODS: London North West Healthcare NHS Trust has over 800 beds and several secondary and tertiary care services. In January 2014, we designed an e-referral form to requisition urology input for in-patients using the Integrated Clinical Environment(™) (ICE) platform. We retrospectively reviewed e-referral records from February to December 2014 for patient demography, the referring service and disease groups triggering a referral...
November 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
Ali Babaei Jandaghi, Habib Habibzadeh, Siavash Falahatkar, Abtin Heidarzadeh, Ramin Pourghorban
PURPOSE: To compare the procedural time and complication rate of coaxial technique with those of noncoaxial technique in transperineal prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transperineal prostate biopsy with coaxial (first group, n = 120) and noncoaxial (second group, n = 120) methods was performed randomly in 240 patients. The procedural time was recorded. The level of pain experienced during the procedure was assessed on a visual analogue scale (VAS), and the rate of complications was evaluated in comparison of the two methods...
August 2, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
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