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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339709/clinicopathologic-correlations-of-renal-pathology-in-adult-population-of-poland
#1
Agnieszka Perkowska-Ptasinska, Artur Bartczak, Malgorzata Wagrowska-Danilewicz, Agnieszka Halon, Krzysztof Okon, Aldona Wozniak, Marian Danilewicz, Henryk Karkoszka, Andrzej Marszalek, Jolanta Kowalewska, Andrzej Mroz, Agnieszka Korolczuk, Andrzej Oko, Alicja Debska-Slizien, Beata Naumnik, Zbigniew Hruby, Marian Klinger, Kazimierz Ciechanowski, Marek Myslak, Wladyslaw Sulowicz, Andrzej Rydzewski, Andrzej Wiecek, Jacek Manitius, Tadeusz Gregorczyk, Stanislaw Niemczyk, Michal Nowicki, Ryszard Gellert, Tomasz Stompor, Monika Wieliczko, Krzysztof Marczewski, Leszek Paczek, Olga Rostkowska, Dominika Deborska-Materkowska, Grazyna Bogdanowicz, Andrzej Milkowski, Magdalena Durlik
Background: This is the first report on the epidemiology of biopsy-proven kidney diseases in Poland. Methods: The Polish Registry of Renal Biopsies has collected information on all (n = 9394) native renal biopsies performed in Poland from 2009 to 2014. Patients' clinical data collected at the time of biopsy, and histopathological diagnoses were used for epidemiological and clinicopathologic analysis. Results: There was a gradual increase in the number of native renal biopsies performed per million people (PMP) per year in Poland in 2009-14, starting from 36 PMP in 2009 to 44 PMP in 2014...
February 11, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338304/hyberbaric-oxygen-as-sole-treatment-for-severe-radiation-induced-haemorrhagic-cystitis
#2
Athanasios Dellis, Athanasios Papatsoris, Vasileios Kalentzos, Charalambos Deliveliotis, Andreas Skolarikos
PURPOSE: To examine the safety and efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen as the primary and sole treatment for severe radiation-induced haemorrhagic cystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hyperbaric oxygen was prospectively applied as primary treatment in 38 patients with severe radiation cystitis. Our primary endpoint was the incidence of complete and partial response to treatment, while the secondary endpoints included the duration of response, the correlation of treatment success-rate to the interval between the onset of haematuria and initiation of therapy, blood transfusion need and total radiation dose, the number of sessions to success, the avoidance of surgery and the overall survival...
March 24, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302252/bilateral-ureteral-duplication-of-complete-left-and-incomplete-right-side-with-lower-pole-kidney-stone
#3
Selahattin Caliskan
Bilateral ureteral duplication is a very rare anomaly, a result of two separate ureteric buds arising from a mesonephric duct. Most of the patients are asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally. Recurrent urinary tract infections, incontinence, haematuria, stone formation and flank pain are common clinical symptoms. Intravenous urography, computed tomography urography, and magnetic resonance imaging are the diagnostic modalities. In this report, a case of bilateral ureteral duplication with stone formation in the lower pole of the right kidney is presented along with its management...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299763/the-efficacy-of-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsy-versus-transperineal-template-biopsy-of-the-prostate-in-diagnosing-prostate-cancer-in-men-with-previous-negative-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsy
#4
Shady Nafie, Michael Wanis, Masood Khan
PURPOSE: We have previously demonstrated that transperineal template prostate biopsy (TPTPB) has a significantly higher cancer detection rate compared to transrectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) biopsy in biopsy naive men with a PSA < 20 ng/mL. We, therefore, performed a prospective study to determine whether TPTPB is still superior to TRUS biopsy in the detection of prostate cancer in men with persistently elevated PSA after one previous negative set of TRUS biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 patients with a background of one previous negative set of TRUS biopsy, persistently elevated PSA (but < 20 ng/mL) and benign feeling digital rectal examination (DRE) underwent simultaneous standard 12-core TRUS biopsy and 36-core TPTPB under general anaesthesia...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298367/incidence-risk-factors-and-clinical-outcomes-of-acute-kidney-injury-associated-with-scrub-typhus-a-retrospective-study-of-510-consecutive-patients-in-south-korea-2001-2013
#5
Kyungo Hwang, Ha Nee Jang, Tae Won Lee, Hyun Seop Cho, Eunjin Bae, Se-Ho Chang, Dong Jun Park
OBJECTIVES: Renal involvement in scrub typhus ranges from simple urinary abnormalities to acute kidney injury (AKI) leading to death. This study evaluated the incidence, predictors and prognosis of AKI associated with scrub typhus according to the RIFLE (risk, injury, failure, loss, end-stage kidney disease) criteria. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of patients diagnosed with scrub typhus from January 2001 to November 2013 in Gyeongsang National University Hospital...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283031/the-resonance%C3%A2-metallic-ureteric-stent-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-ureteric-obstruction-a-safety-and-efficacy-analysis-from-a-contemporary-clinical-series
#6
C Patel, D Loughran, R Jones, M Abdulmajed, I Shergill
BACKGROUND: We evaluate the efficacy and safety of metallic ureteric stenting using the Cook Resonance® stent in the treatment of chronic ureteric obstruction of benign and malignant aetiology. Published experience of using this stent in this context is limited. We add to the body of literature on this topic. METHODS: All patients who had a Resonance® metallic stent inserted between April 2009 and November 2014 in our institution were identified from a prospectively maintained stent-database...
March 10, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275021/m%C3%A3-llerianosis-of-the-urinary-bladder-a-rare-and-problematic-bladder-tumour
#7
Amit Patel, Pranali Desai, Frances Malczewski, Daryl Stephens
Müllerianosis of the bladder is an extremely rare and highly symptomatic bladder tumour comprising of at least two types of Müllerian derived tissues. We present the case of a 59-year-old woman presenting with painful macroscopic haematuria associated with urgency, frequency and incontinence. She is a nulliparous postmenopausal woman without malignancy risk factors or previous abdominal surgery. Initially identified on ultrasound scan, she was taken for transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT). Histology confirms the diagnosis...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272661/primary-paediatric-renal-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Binny Khandakar, Moumita Maiti, Soumit Dey, Prasenjit Sen Ray, Palas Bhattac Haryya, Ranu Sarkar
Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is a high-grade malignant neoplasm commonly affecting bones of the thoracic region. Primary Ewing sarcoma/PNET of the kidney is exceptional; it commonly affects young adults and is rarely reported in children. Here we describe a case of renal PNET in a 10-year-old girl who presented at our institute with haematuria and abdominal lump. Computer tomography scan revealed a huge mass in the right kidney. Computer tomography-guided aspiration from the mass showed cytomorphological features of a small blue round cell tumor...
February 4, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265233/leiomyosarcoma-of-the-renal-vein-analysis-of-outcome-and-prognostic-factors-in-the-world-case-series-of-67-patients
#9
Marko Novak, Andraz Perhavec, Katherine E Maturen, Snezana Pavlovic Djokic, Simona Jereb, Darja Erzen
BACKGROUND: Leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant mesenchymal tumour. Some cases of leiomyosarcoma of the renal vein (LRV) have been reported in the literature, but no analysis of data and search for prognostic factors have been done so far. The aim of this review was to describe the LRV, to analyse overall survival (OS), local recurrence free survival (LRFS) and distant metastases free survival (DMFS) in LRV world case series and to identify significant predictors of OS, LRFS and DMFS. METHODS: Cases from the literature based on PubMed search and a case from our institution were included...
March 1, 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260525/assessing-the-prevalence-of-urogenital-schistosomaisis-and-transmission-risk-factors-amongst-school-aged-children-around-map%C3%A3-dam-ecological-suburbs-in-malantouen-district-cameroon
#10
Adeline P Mewabo, Roger S Moyou, Lysette E Kouemeni, Jeanne Y Ngogang, Lazare Kaptue, Ernest Tambo
BACKGROUND: Urogenital schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection of public health importance that affects over 112 million people worldwide. The study aimed at assessing the urogenital schistosomiasis prevalence and risk factors of transmission around Mape dam suburds in Malantouen district, West, Cameroon. METHODS: The study was conducted using semi-structured pretested questionnaires to collect socio-demographic and ecological data. Urine samples were also collected and used to confirm the prevalence of schistosomiasis in consented school-aged children in four primary schools between March - July 2014...
March 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256703/a-very-large-leiomyoma-of-the-urethra-a-case-report
#11
Paolo Fedelini, Francesco Chiancone, Maurizio Fedelini, Marco Fabiano, Francesco Persico, Domenico Di Lorenzo, Clemente Meccariello
INTRODUCTION: Leiomyomas are benign mesenchymal tumours of smooth muscle origin. They are the most common uterine masses in women of reproductive age group and may be related to the hormonal status. Urethral leiomyomas are very rare. According to the literature, the mean diameter of the urethral leiomyomas is 3.7 cm. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a very large leiomyoma of the urethra. A 40-year-old women woman was admitted to our department for a giant vaginal mass...
February 28, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196743/onabotulinumtoxina-in-urinary-incontinence-prospective-study-of-a-case-series
#12
A Martín-Martínez, A Fernández-Mederos, J Á García-Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of a single intravesical injection of onabotulinumtoxinA (OnaBTA) for treating urge urinary incontinence (UUI) in women. METHOD: We performed a prospective case-series study of consecutive patients with refractory UUI treated with an intravesical injection of OnaBTA. The patients were administered 100 units of OnaBTA injected into the bladder wall following 4 weeks of flushing with anticholinergic agents or beta 3 agonists...
February 10, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188678/prophylactic-ureteric-stents-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-early-versus-late-removal
#13
Pareeta Patel, Irene Rebollo-Mesa, Elizabeth Ryan, Manish D Sinha, Stephen D Marks, Neal Banga, Iain C Macdougall, Michelle C Webb, Geoff Koffman, Jonathon Olsburgh
Prophylactic ureteric stenting in renal transplantation reduces major urological complications (MUCs). There is however morbidity related to the indwelling duration of a stent, we aimed to determine the optimal duration for stents in this clinical setting. Patients (aged 2-75 years) from 6 UK hospitals undergoing renal transplantation were recruited and randomly assigned, to either early stent removal at 5 days (without cystoscopy) or late at 6 weeks post-transplantation (with cystoscopy). The primary outcome was a composite of stent-related complications defined as pain, visible haematuria, migration, fragmentation, and urinary tract infections (UTIs) within 3 months of transplantation...
February 11, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183699/intermittent-haematuria-and-left-flank-pain
#14
Miguel Angel Arrabal-Polo, Maria Del Carmen Cano-Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167490/a-snake-in-the-grass
#15
Rhiannon Trefor, Murali Varma
A 77-year-old man presented with haematuria. Cystoscopy revealed a papillary tumour in the trigone region of the bladder. A TURBT was performed. Review the high-quality, interactive digital Aperio slide at http://virtualacp.com/JCPCases/jclinpath-2016-204015 and consider your diagnosis. WHAT IS YOUR DIAGNOSIS?: Urothelial carcinoma pTaUrothelial carcinoma pT1Metastatic carcinomaProstatic adenocarcinomaProstatic polyp.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165539/biofilm-formation-on-ureteral-stents-incidence-clinical-impact-and-prevention
#16
Valentin Zumstein, Patrick Betschart, Werner C Albrich, Matthias T Buhmann, Qun Ren, Hans-Peter Schmid, Dominik Abt
Ureteral stents are a simple, minimally invasive method of maintaining ureteral drainage to assure renal function, treat pain caused by ureteral obstruction and avoid external or visible devices. Ureteral stenting is, however, associated with a clear side-effect profile, including irritation on voiding, pain and haematuria. Complications such as stent dysfunction and clinically significant urinary tract infections are also regularly observed. Although this has not yet been thoroughly researched, it appears that biofilm formation on ureteral stents plays a key role in the associated morbidity...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162051/henoch-schonlein-purpura-post-streptococcal-glomerulonephritis-and-acute-rheumatic-carditis-after-group-a-%C3%AE-haemolytic-streptococcal-infection
#17
Seçil Arslansoyu Çamlar, Alper Soylu, İpek Akil, Mehtat Ünlü, Şenol Coşkun, Pelin Ertan, Salih Kavukçu
Besides association with acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and acute glomerulonephritis (APSGN), in up to 40% of cases, Group A β-haemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) infections are also implicated as a trigger for Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP). A 7-year-old girl with GABHS throat infection who developed HSP, APSGN and rheumatic carditis is reported. She presented with palpable purpura and arthritis in both ankles and later developed carditis characterised by mitral/aortic regurgitation and glomerulonephritis characterised by mixed nephritic/nephrotic syndrome...
February 6, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116915/non-visible-asymptomatic-haematuria-a-review-of-the-guidelines-from-the-urologist-s-perspective
#18
Petros Sountoulides, Ioannis Mykoniatis, Linda Metaxa
Non-visible hematuria, also referred to as 'microscopic hematuria' or 'dipstick positive hematuria' is a common reason for urology referrals with prevalence rates that range from 13% to 20%. The main concern for investigating non-visible hematuria, especially in the absence of lower urinary tract symptoms, is its potential relation to urinary tract malignancy, which however does not exceed 5%. The pathway of investigation of non-visible hematuria is impeded by the lack of clarity over definitions, diagnosis and specialist referral criteria...
March 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116744/refractory-haematuria-resulting-from-peritoneal-dissemination-of-metastatic-gastric-cancer-radiation-therapy-for-a-nodule-infiltrating-the-urinary-bladder
#19
Naoya Ishibashi, Toshiya Maebayashi, Takuya Aizawa, Masakuni Sakaguchi, Osamu Abe, Tsuyoshi Matsui, Megumu Watanabe
Bladder metastases from remote primary sites are rarely reported. We present a case of haematuria caused by infiltrationof the urinary bladder wall by a nodule resulting from peritoneal dissemination of a primary gastric tumour.The nodule was detected by computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and cystoscopy. Transarterialembolization or haemostasis could not be performed because of the haematuria, thus the vesical bleeding was treatedwith a low irradiation dose of 3 Gy/fraction for a total of 30 Gy administered to the dome of the urinary bladder...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116202/mixed-botryoid-and-spindle-cell-bladder-rhabdomyosarcoma-an-outstanding-pediatric-case
#20
Tommaso Alterio, Roberto Chimenz, Salvatore Arena, Giovanni Conti, Sabrina Cardile, Carmelo Romeo, Carmelo Salpietro, Carmelo Fede
We report a case of a 3-year-old North African child, initially assessed for nonspecific urinary symptoms such as haematuria and burning urination. The ultrasound evaluation showed a vegetating mass occupying the lumen with weak vascular signs at the Colour-Doppler evaluation. An explorative cystoscopy was performed and it revealed a nonbleeding lesion, white in colour, pedunculated, projecting into the lumen, and associated with a brown satellite formation. Histological examination showed a mixed Botryoid and Spindle Cell Rhabdomyosarcoma...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
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