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Mucosa thickness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915337/quercetin-assists-fluconazole-to-inhibit-biofilm-formations-of-fluconazole-resistant-candida-albicans-in-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antifungal-managements-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis
#1
Mei Gao, Hui Wang, LiJuan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common gynecological disease. Candida albicans is believed to be mainly implicated in VVC occurrence, the biofilm of which is one of the virulence factors responsible for resistance to traditional antifungal agents especially to fluconazole (FCZ). Quercetin (QCT) is a dietary flavonoid and has been demonstrated to be antifungal against C. albicans biofilm. METHODS: 17 C. albicans isolates including 15 clinical ones isolated from VVC patients were employed to investigate the effects of QCT and/or FCZ on the inhibition of C...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899200/-mucoadhesive-buccal-films-of-tramadol-for-effective-pain-management
#2
Xiao-Qin Li, Zhao-Ming Ye, Jian-Bing Wang, Cai-Rong Fan, Ai-Wu Pan, Cong Li, Ren-Bing Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tramadol hydrochloride is a centrally-acting synthetic opioid analgesic binding to specific opioid receptors. It is used in the management of chronic pain and is recommended as first line drug in the treatment of postoperative or orthopedic injury induced acute pain. The present work is designed to prepare and evaluate mucoadhesive buccal film of tramadol hydrochloride as a novel form of prolonged analgesia for patients with orthopedic injuries. METHODS: Buccal films of tramadol hydrochloride were prepared by solvent casting method...
November 26, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898453/resolution-of-rectal-prolapse-by-vaginal-reconstruction
#3
Hemikaa Devakumar, Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Alexandriah Alas, Laura Martin, G Willy Davila, Eric Hurtado
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is a disorder of the pelvic floor in which the layers of the rectal mucosa protrude outward through the anus. Surgical repair is the mainstay of treatment. Options include intra-abdominal procedures such as rectopexy and perineal procedures such as the Delorme and Altemeier perineal rectosigmoidectomy. Rectal and vaginal prolapse can often coexist. However, to our knowledge, there are no reported cases of rectal prolapse resolved by the repair of a compressive enterocele abutting the anterior rectal wall through a vaginal approach alone...
November 28, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885166/the-role-of-interleukin-33-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#4
Dong-Kyu Kim, Hong Ryul Jin, Kyoung Mi Eun, Ji-Hun Mo, Seong H Cho, Sohee Oh, David Cho, Dae Woo Kim
RATIONALE: Interleukin (IL)-33, a new member of the IL-1 family, is constitutively expressed in epithelial tissues and lymphoid organs and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic disease. However, the role of IL-33 in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of IL-33 in the pathophysiology of CRSwNP. METHODS: We investigated IL-33 expression and its cellular origins in the nasal polyps (NPs) of human subjects by immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR), and multiplex cytokine assays...
November 24, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878464/impact-of-abutment-material-on-peri-implant-soft-tissue-color-an-in-vitro-study
#5
Sala Leticia, Bascones-Martínez Antonio, Carrillo-de-Albornoz Ana
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study is to determine the differences in peri-implant soft tissue color with the utilization of titanium, titanium gold-plated, white zirconia, Vita Classical (VC) A4-shaded zirconia, and fluorescent white zirconia abutments and to establish the influence of gingival thickness on the resulting color. METHODS: Four implants were contralaterally inserted in 19 fresh pig mandibles, and the color of the peri-implant mucosa with the different abutments was spectrophotometrically measured at 1-, 2-, and 3-mm height from the margin...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873018/soft-tissue-augmentation-around-osseointegrated-and-uncovered-dental-implants-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Renzo G Bassetti, Alexandra Stähli, Mario A Bassetti, Anton Sculean
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compile the current knowledge about the efficacy of different soft tissue correction methods around osseointegrated, already uncovered and/or loaded (OU/L) implants with insufficient soft tissue conditions. Procedures to increase peri-implant keratinized mucosa (KM) width and/or soft tissue volume were considered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Screening of two databases: MEDLINE (PubMed) and EMBASE (OVID), and manual search of articles were performed...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872534/use-of-combined-pmmc-and-nasolabial-flap-for-reconstruction-of-full-thickness-cheek-defect-involving-lip-commisure
#7
Mahendra I Katre, Sunil Deshmukh, Pramod Dhanajkar
Head neck cancer constitute significant cancer burden and among it carcinoma of oral cavity involving buccal mucosa is most common entity in India. Very often it involves lip commisure. Radical surgery along with radiotherapy still remains treatment of choice. Reconstruction of composite defect of oral cavity fallowing ablative surgery remains difficult task. Reconstruction of lip commisure defect after primary tumor excision is still a big challenge. Micro vascular technique primary repair is main modality of treatment which needs great surgical expertise in plastic surgery which is not possible in every institution...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863547/identification-of-histamine-receptors-in-the-canine-gastrointestinal-tract
#8
Alyssa Sullivant, Andrew Mackin, Todd Pharr, Jim Cooley, Robert Wills, Todd Archer
The important role of histamine in chronic gastrointestinal diseases has been increasingly recognized over the last two decades in human medicine. Histamine is released following mast cell activation and exerts its action through binding to four different histamine receptors (H1, H2, H3, and H4). Histamine receptors are dispersed throughout the body, and each different receptor mediates a unique response. Documentation of the presence and type of histamine receptors in the differing sections of the canine gastrointestinal tract will provide additional research opportunities to further explore the role of histamine and its receptors in chronic canine enteropathies, as well as potential therapeutic options...
December 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859294/tgf-%C3%AE-antagonist-attenuates-fibrosis-but-not-luminal-narrowing-in-experimental-tracheal-stenosis
#9
Juan L Antón-Pacheco, Alicia Usategui, Iván Martínez, Carmen M García-Herrero, Antonio P Gamez, Montserrat Grau, Ana M Martínez, José L Rodríguez-Peralto, José L Pablos
OBJECTIVE: Acquired tracheal stenosis (ATS) is an unusual disease often secondary to prolonged mechanical trauma. Acquired tracheal stenosis pathogenesis involves inflammation and subsequent fibrosis with narrowing of the tracheal lumen. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β) represents a pivotal factor in most fibrotic processes, and therefore a potential target in this context. The aim of this study is to analyze the role of TGF-β as a target for anti-fibrotic interventions in tracheal stenosis...
November 16, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833709/immediate-reconstruction-of-large-full-thickness-segmental-anterior-maxillary-defect-with-bone-transport
#10
Alberto Rocha Pereira, Nuno Montezuma, Luis Oliveira, Miguel Magalhães, José Rosa
Maxillary segmental defects are a reconstructive challenge particularly when the anterior arch is involved. Missing bone, mucosa, and teeth should be replaced; fistulae closure should be guaranteed by bone and mucosa continuity; stable functional occlusion should be achieved; and facial aesthetics restored. These defects resulting from tumor excisions, if left untreated, will cause additional problems related to interposed scar and collapse of lip and nose. Immediate reconstruction should avoid these problems and should be considered when safe tumor-free margins are obtained...
November 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830882/histological-changes-in-the-vulva-and-vagina-from-ovariectomised-rats-undergoing-oestrogen-treatment
#11
Radu Florin Mocan-Hognogi, Nicolae Costin, Andrei Malutan, Razvan Ciortea, Ioana Alexandra Trif, Andras Laszlo Nagy, Marian Liviu Bogdan, Dan Mihu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the histological changes occurring in the vagina and vulva in ovariectomised female rats, as well as the response to the administration of injectable oestrogens. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used 30 female Wistar white rats, distributed as follows: group 1 - the control group, group 2 - the operated but untreated rats, and groups 3, 4 and 5, operated rats, to which oestrogenic treatment was administered (Estradiol, Estradurin, Sintofolin), at a dosage of 0...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822571/histology-and-surface-ultrastructure-during-early-healing-after-gingival-augmentation-with-a-three-dimensional-collagen-matrix-a-report-of-six-cases
#12
Darian Rusu, Stefan-Ioan Stratul, Dana Festila, Petra Surlin, Adrian Kasaj, Flavia Baderca, Marius Boariu, Holger Jentsch, Cosmin Locovei, Bogdan Calenic
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present case series is to describe the histology and surface ultrastructure of augmented keratinized gingival mucosa in humans during the early healing phase after surgical placement of a xenogeneic collagen matrix. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Six patients underwent surgical augmentation of keratinized tissue by placement of a three-dimensional (3D) xenogeneic collagen matrix. Full-depth mucosal biopsies including original attached gingiva, augmented gingiva, and the separation zone were performed at baseline and at postoperative days 7 and 14...
November 7, 2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819759/effect-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-polypropylene-meshes-implanted-in-the-rabbit-vagina-histological-analysis
#13
Natália Gomes Parizzi, Oscar Ávila Rubini, Silvio Henrique Maia de Almeida, Lais Caetano Ireno, Roger Mitio Tashiro, Victor Hugo Tolotto de Carvalho
PURPOSE: The polypropylene mesh (PPM) is used in many surgical interventions because of its good incorporation and accessibility. However, potential mesh-related complications are common. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) improves the healing of wounds and is inexpensive. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the PRP-gel coating of a PPM on inflammation, production of collagen, and smooth muscle in the rabbit vagina. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The intervention consisted of a 1...
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805722/treatment-of-chemically-induced-oral-ulcer-using-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-sheet
#14
Doh Young Lee, Hee-Bok Kim, In Kyoung Shim, Nobuo Kanai, Teruo Okano, Seong Keun Kwon
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) sheet transplantation on healing of chemically induced oral ulceration in a rabbit animal model. METHODS: Oral mucosal ulcers were induced by topical application of filter paper soaked with 70% acetic acid to the anterior gingiva and buccal mucosa of 12 New Zealand white rabbits. The animals were randomly assigned to two groups: with (treatment group, n = 6) or without (control group, n = 6) cell sheets applied to ulcers...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805441/comparison-of-contrast-media-for-visualization-of-the-colon-of-healthy-dogs-during-computed-tomography-and-ultrasonography
#15
Byunggyu Cheon, Sohyeon Moon, Seungjo Park, Sang-Kwon Lee, Sunghwa Hong, Hyun Cho, Jihye Choi
OBJECTIVE To evaluate contrast agents for their ability to improve visualization of the colon wall and lumen during CT and ultrasonography. ANIMALS 10 healthy adult Beagles. PROCEDURES Food was withheld from dogs for 36 hours, after which dogs consumed 250 mL of polyethylene glycol solution. Dogs were then anesthetized, a contrast agent (tap water, diluted barium, or air; order randomly assigned) was administered rectally, iodine contrast medium (880 mg of I/kg) was administered IV, and CT and ultrasonography of the colon were performed...
November 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804930/-endoscopic-treatment-of-cicatricial-esophageal-strictures-using-ionized-argon-plasma-with-commentary
#16
T V Skazhutina, V L Tsepelev, A V Stepanov
AIM: To estimate an efficacy of endoscopic treatment of benign cicatricial esophageal strictures using ionized argon plasma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It is presented treatment of 35 patients with post-ambustial and 17 patients with peptic strictures of the esophagus. Their age ranged from 17 to 73 years. Esophageal stenosis achieved 0.1-1.0 cm. Local, tubular and prolonged stenoses were observed in 18 (51.5%), 3 (8.6%) and 14 (39.9%) patients respectively. Peptic stenoses were local in 100% of cases and localized in lower esophagus before cardia...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796556/nasal-septum-configuration-as-a-basis-for-novel-septal-splints
#17
Nina Furbish, Thomas S Kühnel
The objective is to use anatomical determinations of nasal septum shape and surface area in adults as a design basis for silastic septal splints of universal size and fit and offering maximum possible surface coverage. The objective is also to devise a method of securing the septal splints, so that surface pressure on septal mucosa is distributed as evenly as possible while not interfering with capillary perfusion. Nasal septum area was determined in 21 Caucasian body donors, and nasal septum thickness was measured in 20 CT scans...
October 31, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780641/three-layer-reconstruction-of-lower-third-nasal-defects-using-forehead-flap-reversed-nasolabial-flap-and-auricular-cartilage
#18
A Ghassemi, S S Ahmed, H Ghanepur, A Modabber
The reconstruction of a full-thickness defect of the distal third of the nose requires the restoration of all three anatomical layers. A practical method for three-layer reconstruction of the lower third of the nose and the long-term results of this technique are presented herein. A combined reconstruction technique was utilized, including a reverse subcutaneous pedicled nasolabial flap to restore the nasal mucosa, an auricular cartilage graft for structural support, and a forehead flap for cutaneous coverage of the defect...
October 22, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777945/the-effects-of-agave-fourcroydes-powder-as-a-dietary-supplement-on-growth-performance-gut-morphology-concentration-of-igg-and-hematology-parameters-in-broiler-rabbits
#19
Maidelys Iser, Yordan Martínez, Hengjia Ni, Hongmei Jiang, Manuel Valdivié Navarro, Xiaosong Wu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Manuel Rosales, Veeramuthu Duraipandiyan, Jun Fang
This study was conducted to determine the effects of Agave fourcroydes powder as a dietary supplement on the growth performance, gut morphology, serum concentration of IgG, and the hematology parameters of broiler rabbits. A total of 32 rabbits [New Zealand × Californian] were weaned at 35 days. They were randomly selected for two dietary treatments (eight repetitions per treatment), which consisted of a basal diet and a basal diet supplemented with 1.5% dried-stem powder of A. fourcroydes. On day 60 from the initiation of treatment, gut histomorphology (duodenum and cecum), serum concentration of IgG, and hematology parameters were all measured...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756631/presence-of-dna-extracellular-traps-but-not-muc5ac-and-muc5b-mucin-in-mucoid-plugs-casts-of-infectious-laryngotracheitis-virus-iltv-infected-tracheas-of-chickens
#20
Vishwanatha R A P Reddy, Ivan Trus, Hans J Nauwynck
Although it has been speculated that the tracheal obstructions and asphyxiation during acute infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) are due to mucoid plugs/casts formed by mucus hypersecretion, there are no reports demonstrating this. Hence, in the present study, we first examined if the main respiratory mucins, MUC5AC and MUC5B, are expressed in the mucosae of larynx, trachea and bronchi of mock-inoculated and ILTV infected chickens. Second, the tracheas with plugs/casts were stained for mucins (MUC5AC and MUC5B) and nuclear material (traps)...
January 2, 2017: Virus Research
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