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Cardiac tamponad

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780652/cardiac-tamponade-as-the-initial-presentation-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#1
Dillon Karmo, Adam Hafeez, Alexandra Halalau, Siddhartha Yadav
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a complex disease with a variety of presentations. A large pericardial effusion is rare, occurring in less than 0.5% of all patients with AML prior to treatment. A 34-year-old male presented with dyspnea, malaise, and weight loss. On physical exam, he was noted to be hypoxic, tachypneic, tachycardic, and hypotensive. He had cervical lymphadenopathy and jugular venous distention. His WBC count was 110 bil/L with 33% blasts. Bone marrow biopsy confirmed AML with 60% blasts. Leukemic cells were also seen in the cerebrospinal fluid on lumbar puncture...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778090/massive-pericardial-effusion-without-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-subclinical-hypothyroidism-hashimoto-s-disease
#2
Panteleimon E Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos Gourniezakis, Christos Skiadas, Alexandros Patrianakos, Achilleas Gikas
CONTEXT: Hypothyroidism is a significant cause of pericardial effusion. However, large pericardial effusions due to hypothyroidism are extremely rare. Hormone replacement therapy is the cornerstone of treatment for hypothyroidism and regular follow-up of patients after initiation of the therapy is indicated. Herein, the case of a 70-year-old woman with a massive pericardial effusion due to Hashimoto's disease is presented. ISSUES: A 70-year-old female from a rural village on the island of Crete, Greece, was admitted to our hospital due to a urinary tract infection...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776668/-fatal-cardiac-tamponade-that-developed-in-the-post-anesthesia-care-unit-a-rare-complication-after-lung-lobectomy
#3
Hyung Mook Lee, Young Jae Jeon, Hye Won Chung, Hyo Min Yun, Mi Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cardiac tamponade is potentially fatal medical condition, which rarely occurs as a complication of lung lobectomy. We present the first case of cardiac tamponade to develop in a Post-Anesthesia Care Unit following a lung lobectomy. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old man with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma underwent an apparently uncomplicated lung lobectomy. His hemodynamics was unremarkable throughout the surgery and initially in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit...
May 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769193/pyopericardium-progressing-to-tamponade-in-a-patient-with-immune-thrombocytopenia
#4
Manoj Gopalakrishnan, Robin George Manappallil, Harilal Nambiar, John Francis John
Pericardial effusion can develop during any stage of pericarditis, and small effusions that appear rapidly can cause cardiac tamponade. Pyopericardium is a rare aetiology for tamponade. This is a case of an elderly diabetic lady, on steroid therapy for immune thrombocytopenia, who presented with fever and acute dyspnoea. She developed cardiac tamponade due to pyopericardium with Staphylococcus as the causative organism. Staphylococcus pyopericardium, in the absence of a primary focus of infection, progressing to tamponade is an uncommon scenario...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765618/mediastinal-monophasic-synovial-sarcoma-with-pericardial-extension-causing-hemodynamic-instability
#5
Habib R Khan, Mohammad I Ansari, Andrew P Thain, Sadia Abdullah, Ramya Parasa, Richard W Varcoe
A 46-year-old man presented with mass on chest x-ray along with a 6-month history of weight loss, dyspnea and cough. He was hypotensive and an echocardiogram showed large extra-cardiac mass compressing the right ventricular outflow tract resulting in features of cardiac tamponade. Chest computed tomography revealed a mediastinal mass invading the pericardium adjacent to right ventricular outflow tract. Biopsy of the mass confirmed primary monophasic synovial sarcoma. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy along with anti-inflammatories were given as surgery was too high risk due to the location of the tumour and pericardial involvement...
May 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764826/systemic-sclerosis-severe-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-pericardial-effusion-at-diagnosis
#6
Patricia Moniz, Daniel Rei, Joana Rodrigues, Arturo Botella
A 51-year-old female patient with a recent hospital admission reported to the emergency room (ER) with progressive worsening of fatigue, dyspnoea and chest discomfort. She had been recently admitted and discharged with the diagnosis of pericarditis and medicated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and diuretics. She returned to the ER with persisting symptoms. Echocardiography was repeated and showed signs of elevated right ventricular systolic pressure and a slightly increased moderate/severe pericardial effusion without signs of cardiac tamponade...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760834/a-case-series-of-two-patients-presenting-with-pericardial-effusion-as-first-manifestation-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-braf-mutation-and-expression-of-pd-l1
#7
Muhammad Mufti, Steven Ching, Sassan Farjami, Sharareh Shahangian, Serap Sobnosky
Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Involvement of pericardium occurs once cancer has progressed to stage IV which can cause massive effusion in the pericardial sac. This can lead to cardiac tamponade which can be fatal very quickly if untreated. The following is a two patient case series in which both patients presented with large pericardial effusion. The first patient sought medical attention due to new onset palpitations and was found to have hemorrhagic pericardial effusion and pulmonary embolism (PE)...
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749940/safety-and-efficacy-of-transvenous-lead-extraction-utilizing-the-evolution-mechanical-lead-extraction-system-a-single-center-experience
#8
Saumya Sharma, Ijeoma A Ekeruo, Nikita P Nand, Ajay Sundara Raman, Xu Zhang, Sunil K Reddy, Ramesh Hariharan
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of mechanical lead extraction utilizing the Evolution system. BACKGROUND: Compared with other techniques commonly used for lead extraction, data regarding the safety and efficacy of mechanical lead extraction using the Evolution system is limited and needs further evaluation. METHODS: Between June 1, 2009 and September 30, 2016, we retrospectively analyzed 400 consecutive patients who exclusively underwent mechanical lead extraction utilizing the Evolution system...
February 2018: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736351/right-ventricle-perforation-post-pacemaker-insertion-complicated-with-cardiac-tamponade
#9
Muhammad Khalid, Ghulam Murtaza, Muhammad Talha Ayub, Vijay Ramu, Timir Paul
Pacemaker-lead-associated right ventricular perforation is a life-threatening complication. Acute perforation usually presents within 24 hours. Patients with lead perforation are often asymptomatic but fatal complications like hemopericardium, leading to cardiac tamponade and death, are reported. Diagnosis is based on chest x-ray, computed tomography (CT) scan, and echocardiography. The management of the lead perforation is based on clinical presentation. Extraction is avoided in cases of chronic asymptomatic lead perforations because of the associated complications...
March 4, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731117/regional-variation-in-mortality-major-complications-and-cost-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-in-the-united-states-2009-to-2014
#10
Alexandros Briasoulis, Chakradhari Inampudi, Emmanuel Akintoye, Oluwole Adegbala, Rabea Asleh, Paulino Alvarez, Jay Bhama
The objective of this analysis was to provide evidence on regional differences in outcomes, cost and disposition among patients who undergo continuous-flow LVAD implantation. Using data from the National Inpatient Sample and US Census Bureau, annual national estimates in utilization, in-hospital mortality, major complications, cost, length of stay (LOS), and disposition were estimated for years 2009 to 2014. Main outcomes and complications were identified using patient safety indicators and International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730693/a-case-of-tuberculosis-pericarditis-with-an-interesting-echocardiographic-image
#11
Kursat Arslan, Ufuk Taner, Suleyman Cagan Efe, Burak Ayca, Turgut Karabag
Tuberculosis-associated pericardial disorders are an excessively rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The patients may present with constrictive pericarditis or pericardial fluid accumulation leading to cardiac tamponade. This paper reports a case of tuberculosis-associated pericardial effusion with dense fibrinous material not causing tamponade in a foreigner presenting with nonspecific symptoms. It also provides a discussion about the diagnostic and therapeutic methods as well as interesting echocardiographic images of the patient...
May 2, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726047/intravascular-ultrasound-guided-wiring-re-entry-technique-for-complex-chronic-total-occlusions
#12
Wei-Chieh Huang, Hsin-I Teng, Chien-Hung Hsueh, Shing-Jong Lin, Wan-Leong Chan, Tse-Min Lu
BACKGROUND: The successful recanalization rate of chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions without retrograde collaterals available is always low. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) may be useful to guide the subintimal guidewire to re-enter the true lumen. We evaluated the clinical feasibility and efficacy of the IVUS-guided wiring re-entry technique for these complex CTO lesions. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients (19 male, mean age: 65.3 ± 12.8 years) with both failed antegrade and retrograde approaches were enrolled...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725818/thoracic-trauma-in-fatal-falls-from-height-traumatic-pneumopericardium-correlates-with-height-of-fall-and-severe-injury
#13
Jakob Heimer, Dominic Gascho, Michael J Thali, Wolf Schweitzer
Pneumopericardium (PPC) describes the collection of gas in the pericardial sac. In tension Pneumopericardium (tPPC), this collection of gas may lead to cardiac tamponade. PPC following blunt trauma is considered a rare finding, as reflected by the low number of case reports on the topic. We analyzed the prevalence and pathophysiology of PPC and the associated trauma in 44 cases of falls from height. We retrospectively analyzed postmortem CT data and autopsy reports of fatal falls in the period March 2014-2017...
May 3, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724974/comparison-of-the-transradial-and-transfemoral-approach-in-treatment-of-chronic-total-occlusions-with-similar-lesion-characteristics
#14
Mustafa Ahmet Huyut, Aylin Hatice Yamaç
OBJECTIVE: There is limited data on the efficacy and the safety of the transradial approach (TRA) for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusion (CTO), particularly in comparison with the transfemoral approach (TFA) in lesions with similar complexity. METHODS: We included 358 patients, who underwent elective CTO PCI between January 2012 and August 2017 and compared the radial (179 patients) and femoral (179 patients) approaches. The J-CTO score was similar in both groups (TRA, 2...
May 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722860/oesophageal-injury-following-magnetically-guided-single-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-insights-from-the-magna-af-registry
#15
Dirk Bastian, Johannes Schwab, Karl-Theodor Steurer, Andrea Brinker-Paschke, Arno Boessenecker, Reinhard Doering, Zeynep Karakurt, Laura Vitali-Serdoz, Matthias Pauschinger, Konrad Göhl
Aims: Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD) after catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) revealed a high rate of procedure related oesophageal lesions. We hypothesized that magnetically guided CA with careful radiofrequency energy titration at the posterior left atrial (LA) wall limits the incidence of oesophageal tissue damage. Methods and results: As a part of the prospective "Remote MAGNetic catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation" (MAGNA-AF) registry, 251 out of 266 consecutive patients underwent OGD after magnetically guided single-CA for AF...
May 1, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719981/surgical-perspective-of-percutaneous-device-closure-of-atrial-septal-defect
#16
Shyam Kumar Singh Thingnam, Sachin Mahajan, Vikas Kumar
Background Percutaneous device closure of an ostium secundum atrial septal defect is associated with excellent outcomes and cosmetic results but at the cost of occasional serious and sometimes fatal complications as well as lifelong follow-up. Surgical intervention is required in cases of device-related complications, which carries a slightly higher risk compared to primary closure of an atrial septal defect. We present a surgical perspective of device closure of atrial septal defect. Methods Our database was searched over 4 years for complications related to percutaneous device closure of atrial septal defect, which required surgical retrieval of the device and closure of the defect...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708921/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-periarrest-setting-lessons-learned-a-case-report
#17
Peter Juhl-Olsen, Rasmus Aagaard, Anni Nørgaard Jeppesen
Point-of-care ultrasound may elucidate reversible causes of cardiac arrest, and its use is supported by international guidelines in the periarrest setting. We present a case in which the treatment of cardiac arrest caused tension pneumothoraces and cardiac tamponade by pneumopericardium. Both pneumothorax and tamponade were expected to be identified with ultrasound, but were not. Subcutaneous emphysema precluded the diagnosis of pneumothorax. Cardiac imaging was false negative for tamponade, because the latter was caused by air and not fluid...
May 1, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707807/clinical-outcomes-of-atherectomy-prior-to-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-comparison-of-outcomes-following-rotational-versus-orbital-atherectomy-coap-pci-study
#18
Perwaiz M Meraj, Evan Shlofmitz, Barry Kaplan, Rajiv Jauhar, Rajkumar Doshi
BACKGROUND: Because of the challenges in treating calcified coronary artery disease (CAD), lesion preparation has become increasingly important prior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Despite growing data for both rotational atherectomy (RA) and orbital atherectomy (OA), there have been no multicenter studies comparing the safety and efficacy of both. We sought to examine the clinical outcomes of patients with calcified CAD who underwent atherectomy. METHODS: A total of 39 870 patients from five tertiary care hospitals who had PCI from January 2011 to January 2017 were identified...
April 29, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706344/endovascular-removal-of-fractured-inferior-vena-cava-filter-fragments-5-year-registry-data-with-prospective-outcomes-on-retained-fragments
#19
Andrew J Kesselman, Nam Sao Hoang, Alexander Y Sheu, William T Kuo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of attempted percutaneous filter fragment removal during retrieval of fractured inferior vena cava (IVC) filters and to report outcomes associated with retained filter fragments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 5-year period, 82 consecutive patients presenting with a fractured IVC filter were prospectively enrolled into an institutional review board-approved registry. There were 27 men and 55 women (mean, 47 y; range, 19-85 y)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704145/cardiac-tamponade
#20
Armand Mekontso Dessap, Michelle S Chew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
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