keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiac tamponad

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150779/perioperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-for-non-cardiac-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Ashraf Fayad, Sasha K Shillcutt
PURPOSE: The use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has evolved to include patients undergoing high-risk non-cardiac procedures and patients with significant cardiac disease undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Implementation of basic TEE education in training programs has increased across a broad spectrum of procedures in the perioperative arena. This paper describes the use of perioperative TEE in non-cardiac surgery and provides an overview of the basic TEE examination. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Perioperative TEE is used to monitor hemodynamic parameters in non-cardiac procedures where there is a high risk of hemodynamic instability...
November 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137910/tamponade-hemodynamic-and-echocardiographic-diagnosis
#2
REVIEW
Mark J Kearns, Keith R Walley
Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency that can be readily reversed with timely recognition and appropriate intervention. The clinical diagnosis of cardiac tamponade requires synthesis of a constellation of otherwise non-specific features, based on an understanding of the underlying pathophysiology. Whereas echocardiographic examination is a central component of diagnosis, alone it is insufficient to establish the physiologic diagnosis of hemodynamically significant cardiac tamponade. The hemodynamic diagnosis of cardiac tamponade requires clinical evidence of low cardiac output and stroke volume in the setting of elevated cardiac filling pressures, with evidence of increased sympathetic tone (tachycardia, peripheral vasoconstriction, etc), and exclusion of other causes of shock as the primary problem (particularly cardiogenic shock)...
November 11, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135407/a-long-term-survival-with-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
Yuki Kaji, Hajime Osawa, Shinichiro Okauchi, Hiroaki Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131449/mechanical-power-sheath-mediated-recanalization-and-lead-implantation-in-patients-with-venous-occlusion-technique-and-results
#4
Olivier A Witte, Ahmet Adiyaman, Marnix W van Bemmel, Jaap Jan J Smit, Abdul Ghani, Anand R Ramdat Misier, Arif Elvan, Peter Paul Hm Delnoy
INTRODUCTION: Chronic venous occlusion hampers lead revisions and upgrades in patients with a cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). This can make cardiothoracic surgery, venoplasty or contra-lateral implantation of leads with tunneling necessary. A technique using venous recanalization may be a preferred alternative. We assessed the efficacy and safety of this new technique. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2009-2016 all consecutive patients planned for lead revision or upgrade with known chronic venous occlusion were studied...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126890/how-to-prevent-recognize-and-manage-complications-of-af-ablation
#5
REVIEW
Mauricio I Scanavacca
Ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of most complex procedures in electrophysiology. Many technical improvements have been incorporated lately in order to improve clinical results and reducing risks. Currently, cardiac tamponade, stroke, PV stenosis, phrenic palsy and atrial esophageal fistula are still recognized as the major risks of AF ablation, although their managements have been much better established. The aim of this article is to review recent data in how to avoid, to identify and to treat such complications...
November 7, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123447/endovascular-stent-graft-repair-of-localized-acute-aortic-intramural-hematoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Ugur Kaya, Abdurrahim Colak, Necip Becit, Munacettin Ceviz, Hikmet Kocak
Aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) is a variant of acute aortic syndrome, which can be life-threatening. Ascending aorta IMHs, particularly accompanied by penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU), can cause dissection, rupture, and cardiac tamponade. Therefore, early surgical treatment is recommended for IMHs of the ascending aorta. Herein, we present the case of a 60-year-old male patient who was on warfarin sodium treatment and in whom an IMH localized to the arcus aorta was detected incidentally via computed tomography, with the suspicion of pulmonary embolism, and an endovascular stent graft was inserted into the arcus aorta...
October 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107356/a-systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-intrapericardial-fibrinolysis-in-patients-with-pericardial-effusion
#7
Alison B Wiyeh, Eleanor A Ochodo, Charles S Wiysonge, Aloysious Kakia, Abolade A Awotedu, Arsen Ristic, Bongani M Mayosi
Pericardial effusion is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space. The complications of pericardial effusion can either be acute (e.g., cardiac tamponade) or chronic (e.g., constrictive pericarditis). We have conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intrapericardial fibrinolysis in preventing complications of pericardial effusion. We searched for both published and unpublished studies. 29 studies, with a total of 109 patients were included in this review; 17 case reports, 11 case series, and one randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105898/early-pneumopericardium-after-heart-transplantation
#8
Juan G Duero Posada, Yasbanoo Moayedi, Mosaad Alhussein, Paul E Bunce, Terrence M Yau, Heather J Ross
A 60-year-old woman with a history of dilated cardiomyopathy underwent heart transplantation. One month post-discharge, she presented to clinic with low-grade fever and productive cough. Her chest radiograph showed air-fluid levels in the pericardial silhouette. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed a large complex pericardial collection with no evidence of cardiac tamponade. The patient was urgently taken to the operating room for exploration. A large "egg-shaped" mass in the pericardium measuring 10x12 cm with gaseous material was aspirated...
November 4, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104201/-cardiac-perforation-after-pacemaker-implantation-report-of-a-case
#9
Yuko Ohashi, Kazuhiro Ohkura, Ayano Yamada
A 71-year-old woman was diagnosed with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) upon her cardiogenic cerebral embolism and underwent pacemaker implantation. Active fixation leads were positioned at the right atrial appendage and ventricular septum. Twenty-one days later at her routine checkup, she was asymptomatic and there were no signs of cardiac tamponade or pacing failure. But echocardiography and computed tomography revealed a large amount of pericardial effusion due to the lead perforation. We performed open drainage because her anticoagulant could not be stopped for her history of cerebral infarction...
November 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104199/-surgical-treatment-for-myocardial-rerupture-after-repair-of-post-infarction-left-ventricular-free-wall-rupture
#10
Chikashi Aoki, Kengo Tani, Ryou Taguchi, Ryousuke Kowatari, Norihiro Kondo, Masahito Minakawa, Ikuo Fukuda
A 73-year-old man was admitted for cardiac tamponade by oozing type left ventricular free wall rupture associated with acute myocardial infarction. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated moderate pericardial effusion and the presence of pseudoaneurysm within posterior wall. He went into shock with a systolic blood pressure of 60 mmHg. After introducing percutaneous cardiopulmonary support and intraaortic balloon pump, the sutureless repair was performed immediately. After having rehabilitation for right-sided hemiparesis, an elective pseudoaneurysm repair was planned...
November 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089379/cardiac-tamponade-in-a-child-with-fever-of-unknown-origin
#11
Susan S Li, Zachary Rossfeld, Sanmit K Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071091/the-use-of-the-renalguard-system-in-cardiac-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-first-in-man-prospective-observational-feasibility-pilot-study
#12
Heyman Luckraz, Ramesh Giri, Benmjamin Wrigley, Anne-Marie Hennessy, Johann Nicholas, Alan Nevill
OBJECTIVES: As proof of concept, this prospective, observational study assessed the feasibility and early clinical outcomes of performing on-pump cardiac surgery with the RenalGuard system. BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is reported in up to 30% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and is a recognised independent predictor of both morbidity and mortality. Forced diuresis with the RenalGuard system reduces the incidence of AKI during percutaneous coronary intervention procedures but its use in cardiac surgery has not been explored...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068981/human-herpes-virus-8-unrelated-primary-effusion-lymphoma-like-lymphoma-presenting-with-cardiac-tamponade-a-case-report
#13
Hee-Jun Kim, Kyoungyul Lee, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Soo-Mee Bang
RATIONALE: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare disease of lymphomatous effusion in the body cavities in the absence of detectable mass and lymphadenopathy. PEL is predominantly related to the immunosuppressed patients infected with human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8). PEL-like lymphoma is negative for HHV-8 and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) unlike PEL. The pathogenesis and prognosis of PEL-like lymphoma are unclear and there is no established treatment yet. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 73-year-old male patient was admitted for evaluation of dyspnea on exertion with 1-week duration...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068135/a-case-of-bronchopericardial-fistula-with-tension-pneumopericardium-closed-successfully-by-transpericardial-intervention-a-novel-procedure
#14
Abhijeet B Shelke, Ramesh Kawade, Sourabh Gandhi
A pneumopericardium is a collection of air or gas in the pericardial sac which may cause cardiac tamponade, known as tension pneumopericardium. Tension pneumopericardium is a rare and lethal presentation of bronchopericardial fistula. There are very few reports in the literature of patients surviving with this condition, although prompt diagnosis and early intervention are important. Treatment options are limited. We present a rare case of tension pneumopericardium with cardiogenic shock due to bronchopericardial fistula in a patient with bronchogenic carcinoma who was successfully treated with transpericardial intervention...
October 25, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066683/-cardiac-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-presenting-with-acute-heart-failure-due-to-cardiac-tamponade
#15
Ken Sato, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Michiko Yamada, Saki Ameda, Shogo Miura, Hiroya Sakano, Takanori Shibata, Naoki Uemura, Tomoyuki Abe, Shigeyuki Fujii, Masahiro Maeda, Miri Fujita, Masayoshi Kobune, Junji Kato
A 75-year-old man was admitted to our hospital in May 2016 with progressive shortness of breath. We considered him to be experiencing acute heart failure caused by atrial fibrillation. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a hypodense mass involving the right atrium and left ventricle, pericardial effusion, and lymphadenopathy of the groin. Histological finding from the groin and pericardial effusion analysis showed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL). We thus diagnosed this patient with cardiac tamponade owing to the involvement of the heart by DLBCL...
October 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066330/delayed-formation-of-a-massive-atrial-hematoma-after-coronary-intervention-manifesting-with-an-isolated-cough-multimodality-imaging-and-outcome
#16
Falah Aboukhoudir, Pierre Barnay, Valérie Miramont, Michel Pansieri, Laurent Meille, Sofiene Rekik
Coronary artery perforation is a relatively rare but potentially life-threatening complication of percutaneous coronary intervention because it could result in cardiac tamponade; exceptionally, distal coronary perforation could cause an acute formation of a mural hematoma, which could also prove lethal without adequate management. We report an exceptional case of a 76-year-old man in whom an important left atrial hematoma formed progressively over weeks after a planned percutaneous coronary intervention and manifested with an isolated cough...
August 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063459/tension-pneumopericardium-following-suicidal-stab-wounds-to-the-chest
#17
Jakob Heimer, Stephan A Bolliger, Michael J Thali, Wolf Schweitzer
Pneumopericardium (PPC) and Tension Pneumopericardium (TPPC) refer to collections of gas in the pericardial cavity, the latter resulting in air tamponade and cardiac compromise. Following penetrating chest injuries, PPC and TPPC appear to be uncommon findings associated with a high mortality and correlated with other thoracic trauma. Diagnosis of PPC and TPPC is difficult relying on conventional autopsy alone, while postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) shows a high sensitivity for the detection of internal gas collections...
October 23, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062486/cardiac-tamponade-in-a-patient-with-autoimmune-polyglandular-syndrome-type-2
#18
Andromachi Vryonidou, Stavroula A Paschou, Fotini Dimitropoulou, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Vasiliki Tzavara, Apostolos Katsivas
We describe a case of a 40-year-old woman who was admitted to the intensive care unit with a rapid onset of dyspnea and orthopnea. She presented progressive weakness, weight loss and secondary amenorrhea during last year, while intermittent fever was present for the last two months. Initial biochemical evaluation showed anemia, hyponatremia and increased C-reactive protein levels. Clinical and echocardiographic evaluation revealed cardiac tamponade, which was treated with pericardiocentesis. Pleural fluid samples were negative for malignancy, tuberculosis or bacterial infection...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059035/nocardia-beijingensis-pericarditis-presenting-with-cardiac-tamponade-a-case-report
#19
Nattinee Laksananun, Parichat Salee, Quanhathai Kaewpoowat
We report the first case of Nocardia beijingensis pericarditis in a 32-year-old HIV-infected patient. He presented with cardiac tamponade after failing to respond to treatment for smear-negative pulmonary and pericardial tuberculosis (TB). The pericardial fluid was examined several times before it eventually revealed filamentous branching organisms in Gram and modified acid-fast bacilli stain. The culture grew Nocardia spp. and was identified by 16s rRNA sequencing as N. beijingensis. Eight previously reported cases of Nocardia pericarditis in HIV-infected patients were caused by Nocardia asteroides...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056997/efficacy-and-safety-of-cryoballoon-ablation-versus-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-in-atrial-fibrillation-an-updated-meta-analysis
#20
Honglan Ma, Dongdong Sun, Hui Luan, Wei Feng, Yaqiong Zhou, Jine Wu, Caiyun He, Chaofeng Sun
INTRODUCTION: Cryoballoon ablation (CBA) and irrigated radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) are the main treatments for drug-refractory symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF). AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety between CBA and RFCA for the treatment of AF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched the Embase and Medline databases for clinical studies published up to December 2016. Studies that satisfied our predefined inclusion criteria were included...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
keyword
keyword
45311
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"