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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700008/smoking-and-prostate-cancer-specific-mortality-after-diagnosis-in-a-large-prospective-cohort
#1
Ted Gansler, Roma A Shah, Ying Wang, Victoria L Stevens, Baiyu Yang, Christina C Newton, Susan M Gapstur, Eric J Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of prostate cancer survivors suggest that smoking might be associated with higher prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) after diagnosis with prostate cancer. However, most of these studies were small and questions remain regarding this association's strength and whether it persists after adjustment for stage and Gleason score. METHODS: This analysis included men diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer between enrollment in the Cancer Prevention Study-II Nutrition Cohort in 1992-1993 and June 2013...
April 26, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664552/importance-of-polymorphic-variants-of-tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-gene-in-the-etiology-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#2
Agnieszka Kaluba-Skotarczak, Justyna Magiełda, Anna Romała, Grażyna Kurzawińska, Magdalena Barlik, Krzysztof Drews, Marcin Ożarowski, Tomasz Łoziński, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is one of the main global causes of increased perinatal mortality and fetal and neonatal morbidity. It remains a key challenge for modern perinatal medicine. Negative effects of IUGR are manifested not only in the perinatal period but also at the later stages of life. Proinflammatory cytokines and their polymorphisms are hypothesized to play an important role in IUGR pathomechanisms. The aim of the study was to determine the role of selected polymorphisms (-238G >A, -308G >A and -376G >A) of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in the etiology of intrauterine growth restriction...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531002/validation-of-the-cut-points-recommended-for-roma-using-the-roche-elecsys-ca125-and-he4-assays
#3
Kendall W Cradic, Michael A Lasho, Alicia Algeciras-Schimnich
Assessing the risk of malignancy in patients with a pelvic mass helps triage women suspected of ovarian cancer to specialized gynecologic oncologists to improve treatment outcomes. To this end, several algorithms have been proposed; most notably, the Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) based on CA125, HE4, and menopausal status. However, appropriate decision cut-points for the ROMA score depends on the choice of analytical assays used. This study validates the use of the Roche Elecsys CA125 and HE4 assays for ROMA calculation in a cohort of 207 women who presented to Mayo Clinic with a pelvic mass...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427245/energy-balance-in-grazing-jersey-cows-in-early-lactation-supplemented-with-peanut-and-sunflower-oils
#4
Marcelo de Oliveira Alves Rufino, Márcia Saladine Vieira Salles, João Alberto Negrão, João Luiz Pratti Daniel, Luciano Soares de Lima, Francilaine Eloise De Marchi, Luiz Carlos Roma Júnior, Geraldo Tadeu Dos Santos
In this study, we evaluated the effects of supplementation with peanut and sunflower oils on intake and digestibility, milk yield and composition, energy balance (EB), changes in weight and body condition score (BW and BCS), and blood metabolites of Jersey cows on pasture in early lactation. Twenty-four cows were distributed in a randomized block design where they received the following treatments: concentrate without oil (CON), concentrate plus 59.6 g/kg DM peanut oil (PEA), concentrate plus 59.6 g/kg DM sunflower oil (SUN), and concentrate plus 59...
February 9, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304418/cortical-sources-of-resting-state-electroencephalographic-rhythms-probe-brain-function-in-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-individuals
#5
Claudio Babiloni, Giuseppe Noce, Alfredo Pennica, Paolo Onorati, Paolo Capotosto, Claudio Del Percio, Paolo Roma, Valentina Correr, Elisa Piccinni, Ginevra Toma, Andrea Soricelli, Francesco Di Campli, Laura Gianserra, Lorenzo Ciullini, Antonio Aceti, Elisabetta Teti, Loredana Sarmati, Gloria Crocetti, Raffaele Ferri, Valentina Catania, Maria Teresa Pascarelli, Massimo Andreoni, Stefano Ferracuti
OBJECTIVE: Here we evaluated the hypothesis that resting state electroencephalographic (EEG) cortical sources correlated with cognitive functions and discriminated asymptomatic treatment-naïve HIV subjects (no AIDS). METHODS: EEG, clinical, and neuropsychological data were collected in 103 treatment-naïve HIV subjects (88 males; mean age 39.8 years ± 1.1 standard error of the mean, SE). An age-matched group of 70 cognitively normal and HIV-negative (Healthy; 56 males; 39...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302161/the-influence-of-ethnicity-and-displacement-on-quality-of-antenatal-care-the-case-of-roma-ashkali-and-balkan-egyptian-communities-in-kosovo
#6
Kristefer Stojanovski, Alaka Holla, Ilir Hoxha, Elizabeth Howell, Teresa Janevic
The conflict in Kosovo created mass displacement and a fractured health system. Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian communities are particularly vulnerable to discrimination and exclusion from institutions. We aimed to examine Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian disparities in quantity and quality of antenatal care received. We conducted a cross-sectional study in August 2012 with 603 women aged 15 or older who had given birth in the previous two years. We measured quantity of antenatal care using number of visits and quality of care using antenatal checklists...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194801/measurement-of-he4-and-ca125-and-establishment-of-reference-intervals-for-the-roma-index-in-the-sera-of-pregnant-women
#7
Jie Lu, Zhipeng Zheng, Qi Zhang, Guoli Li, Fengying Li, Zhian Le, Jun Huang, Xinyou Xie, Jun Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) are biomarkers for ovarian cancer. Their specificity and sensitivity are often limited during pregnancy as a result of great fluctuations. The risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) score, which combines CA125, HE4, and menopausal status, may improve diagnostic performance. There are no reports regarding the ROMA index in pregnant women. Therefore, the aim of our study was to establish appropriate reference intervals (RIs) for the ROMA index in pregnant Chinese women and compare them with those of CA125 and HE4 during pregnancy...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988247/distinct-penetrance-of-obesity-associated-susceptibility-alleles-in-the-hungarian-general-and-roma-populations
#8
Károly Nagy, Szilvia Fiatal, János Sándor, Róza Ádány
AIMS: The aim of our study was to explore differences in genetic predisposition to obesity between the Hungarian general and Roma populations. METHODS: A total of 1,152 samples from the Hungarian Roma population and 1,743 samples from the Hungarian general population were genotyped for 20 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the risk of obesity. Two types of multilocus genetic risk scores were constructed to estimate the combined effect of selected SNPs...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968793/52-week-results-of-the-phase-3-randomized-study-comparing-sb4-with-reference-etanercept-in-patients-with-active-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paul Emery, Jirí Vencovský, Anna Sylwestrzak, Piotr Leszczynski, Wieslawa Porawska, Asta Baranauskaite, Vira Tseluyko, Vyacheslav M Zhdan, Barbara Stasiuk, Roma Milasiene, Aaron Alejandro Barrera Rodriguez, Soo Yeon Cheong, Jeehoon Ghil
Objective: To compare the 52-week efficacy and safety of SB4 [an etanercept biosimilar] with reference etanercept (ETN) in patients with active RA. Methods: In a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, multicentre study, patients with moderate to severe RA despite MTX treatment were randomized to receive 50 mg/week of s.c. SB4 or ETN up to week 52. Efficacy assessments included ACR response rates, 28-joint DAS, Simplified and Clinical Disease Activity Indices and changes in the modified total Sharp score (mTSS)...
December 1, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915080/weight-adjusted-intravenous-reslizumab-in-severe-asthma-with-inadequate-response-to-fixed-dose-subcutaneous-mepolizumab
#10
Manali Mukherjee, Fernando Aleman Paramo, Melanie Kjarsgaard, Brittany Salter, Gayatri Nair, Nicola LaVigne, Katherine Radford, Roma Sehmi, Parameswaran Nair
RATIONALE: Clinical benefits of fixed-dose 100-mg subcutaneous (SC) mepolizumab in prednisone-dependent patients are modest when sputum eosinophilia is not adequately controlled. OBJECTIVES: This study compared treatment response of weight-adjusted intravenous (IV) reslizumab in patients previously treated with 100-mg SC mepolizumab. METHODS: Ten prednisone-dependent patients with asthma (sputum eosinophils >3% and blood eosinophils >300 cells/μl), who had previously received mepolizumab (100 mg SC dosed every 4 wk [Q4W]) for at least 1 year, received two infusions of placebo (Q4W) followed by four infusions of 3...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859882/congruence-between-latent-class-and-k-modes-analyses-in-the-identification-of-oncology-patients-with-distinct-symptom-experiences
#11
Nikoloas Papachristou, Payam Barnaghi, Bruce A Cooper, Xiao Hu, Roma Maguire, Kathi Apostolidis, Jo Armes, Yvette P Conley, Marilyn Hammer, Stylianos Katsaragakis, Kord M Kober, Jon D Levine, Lisa McCann, Elisabeth Patiraki, Steven M Paul, Emma Ream, Fay Wright, Christine Miaskowski
CONTEXT: Risk profiling of oncology patients based on their symptom experience assists clinicians to provide more personalized symptom management interventions. Recent findings suggest that oncology patients with distinct symptom profiles can be identified using a variety of analytic methods. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the concordance between the number and types of subgroups of patients with distinct symptom profiles using latent class analysis and K-modes analysis...
February 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795114/data-to-genetic-risk-assessment-on-high-density-cholesterol-level-associated-polymorphisms-in-hungarian-general-and-roma-populations
#12
Péter Pikó, Szilvia Fiatal, Zsigmond Kósa, János Sándor, Róza Ádány
Data obtained by genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were utilized in Genetic Risk Score [unweighted (GRS) and weighted (wGRS)] computation on Hungarian general and Roma populations. The selection process of the SNPs as well as the results obtained are published in our research article (Piko et al., 2017) [1]. Linkage analyses were performed by study groups. Study populations were stratified by quintiles of weighted Genetic Risk Score...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729313/fetal-doppler-velocimetry-and-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-risk-among-growth-restricted-preterm-infants-an-observational-study
#13
Alessandra Lio, Paolo Rosati, Roberta Pastorino, Francesco Cota, Milena Tana, Chiara Tirone, Claudia Aurilia, Cinzia Ricci, Alessandro Gambacorta, Angela Paladini, Ilenia Mappa, Silvia Buongiorno, Gian Franco Zannoni, Costantino Romagnoli, Giovanni Vento
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether fetal growth restriction (FGR) diagnosis, based on pathological prenatal fetal Doppler velocimetry, is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) independently of being small for gestational age (SGA) per se at birth among very preterm infants. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. FGR was defined as failing fetal growth in utero and fetal Doppler velocimetry abnormalities. SETTING: Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Roma, Italy...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720258/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-the-use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-in-the-delivery-of-nurse-led-supportive-care-to-people-with-colorectal-cancer
#14
Grigorios Kotronoulas, Constantina Papadopoulou, Lorna MacNicol, Mhairi Simpson, Roma Maguire
PURPOSE: Logistical issues pertinent to the use of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) by colorectal cancer nurse specialists (CNS) to identify the needs of people with colorectal cancer (CRC) in acute care remain unknown. We explored the feasibility and acceptability of PROMs-driven, CNS-led consultations to enhance delivery of supportive care to people with CRC completing adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: A systematic literature review and focus groups with patients and CNS (Phase 1) were followed by a repeated-measures, exploratory study (Phase 2), whereby pre-consultation PROM data were collected during three consecutive, monthly consultations, and used by the CNS to enable delivery of personalised supportive care...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704710/dissecting-the-biological-heterogeneity-within-hormone-receptor-positive-her2-negative-breast-cancer-by-gene-expression-markers-identifies-indolent-tumors-within-late-stage-disease
#15
Jyothi S Prabhu, Aruna Korlimarla, C E Anupama, Annie Alexander, Rohini Raghavan, Roma Kaul, Krisha Desai, Savitha Rajarajan, Suraj Manjunath, Marjorrie Correa, R Raman, Anjali Kalamdani, Msn Prasad, Shekar Patil, K S Gopinath, B S Srinath, T S Sridhar
Hormone receptor positive (HR+) breast cancers are a heterogeneous class with differential prognosis. Although more than half of Indian women present with advanced disease, many such patients do well. We have attempted identification of biologically indolent tumors within HR+HER2- tumors based on gene expression using histological grade as a guide to tumor aggression. 144 HR+HER2- tumors were divided into subclasses based on scores derived by using transcript levels of multiple genes representing survival, proliferation, and apoptotic pathways and compared to classification by Ki-67 labeling index (LI)...
August 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624686/genetic-factors-exist-behind-the-high-prevalence-of-reduced-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels-in-the-roma-population
#16
Péter Pikó, Szilvia Fiatal, Zsigmond Kósa, János Sándor, Róza Ádány
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous findings showed that reduced plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are more frequent in all age groups of the Hungarian Roma compared to the general population. It suggests that genetic factors may exist behind this phenomenon. Our present study was designed to test this hypothesis, i.e., to define whether genetic factors contribute to the higher prevalence of reduced HDL-C among Roma. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (N = 21) contributing to the variation in plasma HDL-C concentrations were analysed in the Hungarian Roma (N = 646) and general (N = 1542) populations...
May 26, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529522/the-rating-form-of-ibd-patient-concerns-translation-validation-and-first-implementation-of-the-greek-version
#17
Konstantinos Argyriou, Eleftheria Roma, Andreas Kapsoritakis, Eirini Tsakiridou, Konstantinos Oikonomou, Anastassios Manolakis, Spyridon Potamianos
Background. The rating form of IBD patients' concerns (RFIPC) provides a unique assessment of the worries and concerns of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. Our aims were primarily to validate the Greek version of RFIPC and secondarily to describe the pattern of Greek patients'concerns. Methods. After translating RFIPC, the questionnaire was given to IBD patients at baseline and after 12 weeks. The questionnaire's measuring properties were evaluated based on the consensus-based standards for the selection of health status measurement instruments (COSMIN) recommendations...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512173/clinical-utility-of-risk-models-to-refer-patients-with-adnexal-masses-to-specialized-oncology-care-multicenter-external-validation-using-decision-curve-analysis
#18
Laure Wynants, Dirk Timmerman, Jan Y Verbakel, Antonia Testa, Luca Savelli, Daniela Fischerova, Dorella Franchi, Caroline Van Holsbeke, Elisabeth Epstein, Wouter Froyman, Stefano Guerriero, Alberto Rossi, Robert Fruscio, Francesco Pg Leone, Tom Bourne, Lil Valentin, Ben Van Calster
Purpose: To evaluate the utility of preoperative diagnostic models for ovarian cancer based on ultrasound and/or biomarkers for referring patients to specialized oncology care. The investigated models were RMI, ROMA, and 3 models from the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) group [LR2, ADNEX, and the Simple Rules risk score (SRRisk)].Experimental Design: A secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from 2 cross-sectional cohort studies was performed to externally validate diagnostic models. A total of 2,763 patients (2,403 in dataset 1 and 360 in dataset 2) from 18 centers (11 oncology centers and 7 nononcology hospitals) in 6 countries participated...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444641/correlation-of-preoperative-roma-scores-with-clinical-stage-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-patients
#19
Q-L Li, C-J Wang, P Qi, Y-X Zhang
PURPOSE: The significance of the Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian lesions has been evidenced. In our clinical work, we found that advanced ovarian cancer were accompanied commonly with high ROMA scores. Thus, this study aimed to clarify the performance of ROMA in different disease stage of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) prior to surgery. METHODS: Carbohydrate antigen (CA125) and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) levels and ROMA scores in 221 patients with FIGO stage I, II or III/IV stage EOC were analyzed...
October 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250728/case-report-of-ovarian-torsion-mimicking-ovarian-cancer-as-an-uncommon-late-complication-of-laparoscopic-supracervical-hysterectomy
#20
Michał Ciebiera, Arkadiusz Baran, Aneta Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Grzegorz Jakiel
Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) is an example of a partial hysterectomy, performed due to benign gynaecological complaints. Better endoscopic instruments and operational techniques have led to a great reduction in the number of abdominal hysterectomies. It is believed that LSH is a safe and minimally invasive hysterectomy technique. The Cochrane Database meta-analysis proves the benefits of minimally invasive surgery compared with abdominal gynaecological surgery, including decreased pain, surgical-site infections and hospital stay, quicker return to activity, and fewer postoperative adhesions...
December 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
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