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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231134/motivations-for-food-consumption-during-specific-eating-occasions-in-turkey
#1
Delores Chambers, Uyen T X Phan, Sirichat Chanadang, Curtis Maughan, Karolina Sanchez, Brizio Di Donfrancesco, David Gomez, Federica Higa, Han Li, Edgar Chambers, Eyyup Esen
Several studies in different countries have been conducted to investigate factors affecting food choices. The objective of this study was to understand the motivations of specific food and beverage choices for different eating occasions in a typical diet of the Turkish people. A convenience sample of 141 respondents from seven different geographical regions in Turkey completed an online survey questionnaire that included questions about demographic information and details about their latest eating occasion...
May 24, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229637/a-simple-standard-technique-for-labyrinthectomy-in-the-rat-a-methodical-communication-with-a-detailed-description-of-the-surgical-process
#2
G L Nádasy, G Raffai, E Fehér, G Schaming, E Monos
Aims Labyrinthectomized rats are suitable models to test consequences of vestibular lesion and are widely used to study neural plasticity. We describe a combined microsurgical-chemical technique that can be routinely performed with minimum damage. Methods Caudal leaflet of the parotis is elevated. The tendinous fascia covering the bulla is opened frontally from the sternomastoid muscle's tendon while sparing facial nerve branches. A 4 mm diameter hole is drilled into the bulla's hind lower lateral wall to open the common (in rodents) mastoid-tympanic cavity...
September 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229540/introduction-to-special-issue-self-regulation-of-appetite-it-s-complicated
#3
Deborah Young-Hyman
OBJECTIVE: A meeting of multidisciplinary biobehavioral scientists and National Institutes of Health (NIH) program staff was convened by the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives, Office of the Director, NIH to examine mechanisms associated with humans' ability to self-regulate appetite and appetitive behavior. METHODS: Based upon prior discussions of the NIH Obesity Research Task Force Behavioral Phenotyping Work Group, the premise was adopted that, in modern society, multiple factors on multiple levels interact to create circumstances wherein self-control of appetite is difficult, leading to overconsumption of unhealthy foods versus healthy eating patterns, contributing to our current levels of obesity...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229539/appetite-self-regulation-environmental-and-policy-influences-on-eating-behaviors
#4
Marlene B Schwartz, David R Just, Jamie F Chriqui, Alice S Ammerman
OBJECTIVE: Appetite regulation is influenced by the environment, and the environment is shaped by food-related policies. This review summarizes the environment and policy research portion of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated." METHODS: In this paper, we begin by making the case for why policy is an important tool in efforts to improve nutrition, and we introduce an ecological framework that illustrates the multiple layers that influence what people eat...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229538/biological-control-of-appetite-a-daunting-complexity
#5
Paul S MacLean, John E Blundell, Julie A Mennella, Rachel L Batterham
OBJECTIVE: This review summarizes a portion of the discussions of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated," which focused on the biological aspects of appetite regulation. METHODS: This review summarizes the key biological inputs of appetite regulation and their implications for body weight regulation. RESULTS: These discussions offer an update of the long-held, rigid perspective of an "adipocentric" biological control, taking a broader view that also includes important inputs from the digestive tract, from lean mass, and from the chemical sensory systems underlying taste and smell...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229356/symptoms-of-swallowing-anxiety-in-panic-disorder-patients-and-associated-psychopathologic-factors
#6
Ersin Budak, İbrahim Taymur, Sinay Önen, Bilgen Biçer Kanat, Önder Akdeniz, Hakan Demirci
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of swallowing difficulty in Panic Disorder (PD) patients and the factors associated with these symptoms. METHODS: In the pre-phase of the study, 22 PD patients who were treated in psychiatry outpatient clinics and who were found to have swallowing difficulty were evaluated. PD patients were asked to write about their thoughts, feelings and behaviors associated with swallowing difficulty. Later, these texts were examined and 41 expressions were identified in which patients described their swallowing difficulty...
February 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229328/physical-exercise-vegetable-and-fruit-intake-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Xiao-Huan Gong, Ji-Wei Wang, Jiang Li, Xue-Fen Chen, Li Sun, Zheng-Ping Yuan, Jin-Ming Yu
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer has long-term effects on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of cancer survivors after treatment. Few research studies have focused on the association between health behaviors and HRQOL of Chinese breast cancer survivors (BCS). The aim of this study was to examine the separate and combined influence of physical exercise, vegetable and fruit intake on health-related quality of life of BCS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among BCS from April to July 2013, in Shanghai, China...
February 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#8
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228946/reward-and-punishment-sensitivity-and-disordered-eating-behaviors-in-men-and-women
#9
Kalina T Eneva, Susan Murray, Jared O'Garro-Moore, Angelina Yiu, Lauren B Alloy, Nicole M Avena, Eunice Y Chen
BACKGROUND: Reward and punishment sensitivities have been identified as potential contributors to binge eating and compensatory behaviors, though few studies have examined gender differences in these behaviors. METHOD: A college-aged sample (N = 1,022) completed both the Eating Disorders Diagnostic Scale (EDDS) and Sensitivity to Punishment/Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ). RESULTS: Rates of binge eating were similar in males and females...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228713/metabolic-and-cardiovascular-benefits-and-risks-of-emd386088-a-5-ht6-receptor-partial-agonist-and-dopamine-transporter-inhibitor
#10
Magdalena Kotańska, Joanna Śniecikowska, Magdalena Jastrzębska-Więsek, Marcin Kołaczkowski, Karolina Pytka
Since 5-HT6 receptors play role in controlling feeding and satiety and dopamine is essential for normal feeding behavior, we evaluated the ability of EMD 386088-5-HT6 receptor partial agonist and dopamine transporter inhibitor-to reduce body weight in obese rats, as well as its anorectic properties (calorie intake reduction) in rat model of excessive eating and the influence on metabolism (plasma glucose and glycerol levels). We also determined the effect of the studied compound on pica behavior in rats and its influence on blood pressure after single administration...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228425/prebiotic-supplementation-improves-appetite-control-in-children-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Megan P Hume, Alissa C Nicolucci, Raylene A Reimer
Background: Prebiotics have been shown to improve satiety in adults with overweight and obesity; however, studies in children are limited.Objective: We examined the effects of prebiotic supplementation on appetite control and energy intake in children with overweight and obesity.Design: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Forty-two boys and girls, ages 7-12 y, with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥85th percentile were randomly assigned to 8 g oligofructose-enriched inulin/d or placebo (maltodextrin) for 16 wk...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227701/heart-rate-reactivity-associated-to-positive-and-negative-food-and-non-food-visual-stimuli
#12
Pekka Kuoppa, Mika P Tarvainen, Leila Karhunen, Johanna Narvainen, Pekka Kuoppa, Mika P Tarvainen, Leila Karhunen, Johanna Narvainen, Leila Karhunen, Mika P Tarvainen, Pekka Kuoppa, Johanna Narvainen
Using food as a stimuli is known to cause multiple psychophysiological reactions. Heart rate variability (HRV) is common tool for assessing physiological reactions in autonomic nervous system. However, the findings in HRV related to food stimuli have not been consistent. In this paper the quick changes in HRV related to positive and negative food and non-food visual stimuli are investigated. Electrocardiogram (ECG) was measured from 18 healthy females while being stimulated with the pictures. Subjects also filled Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire to determine their eating behavior...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226908/s2ni-a-mobile-platform-for-nutrition-monitoring-from-spoken-data
#13
Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Cody A Reynolds, Naomi Chaytor, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Drew T Miller
Diet and physical activity are important lifestyle and behavioral factors in self-management and prevention of many chronic diseases. Mobile sensors such as accelerometers have been used in the past to objectively measure physical activity or detect eating time. Diet monitoring, however, still relies on self-recorded data by end users where individuals use mobile devices for recording nutrition intake by either entering text or taking images. Such approaches have shown low adherence in technology adoption and achieve only moderate accuracy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226307/racial-ethnic-and-weight-status-disparities-in-dieting-and-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-early-adolescents
#14
Rachel F Rodgers, Karen E Peterson, Anne T Hunt, Jennifer L Spadano-Gasbarro, Tracy K Richmond, Mary L Greaney, S Bryn Austin
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether racial/ethnic minority early adolescents with overweight/obesity are at increased risk of disordered weight control behaviors, defined as unhealthy behaviors aiming to control or modify shape and weight, ranging from self-induced vomiting to the use of dietary supplements. METHODS: U.S. Middle school children (n=12.511) provided self-report of gender, race/ethnicity, height, and weight as well as dieting and disordered weight control behaviors...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225776/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-food-intake-difficulties-among-residents-with-dementia
#15
Chia-Chi Chang, Yu-Fang Lin, Chia-Hui Chiu, Yuan-Mei Liao, Mu-Hsing Ho, Yen-Kuang Lin, Kuei-Ru Chou, Megan F Liu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the prevalence of food intake difficulties and their associated factors among residents with dementia in long-term care facilities in Taiwan. The purpose of the study was to identify the best cutoff point for the Chinese Feeding Difficulty Index (Ch-FDI), which evaluates the prevalence of food intake difficulties and recognizes factors associated with eating behaviors in residents with dementia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225563/self-selection-bias-in-eating-disorders-outcomes-research-does-treatment-response-of-underweight-research-participants-and-non-participants-differ
#16
Colleen C Schreyer, Graham W Redgrave, Jennifer L Hansen, Angela S Guarda
Observational treatment studies provide a valuable alternative to RCTs but are often criticized due to potential self-selection biases. Studies comparing those who do and do not participate in research on eating disorder treatment are scarce, but necessary to evaluate the impact of self-selection bias on outcomes. All consecutive underweight adult first admissions (N = 392) to an integrated inpatient (IP)-partial hospital (PH) behavioral specialty program were invited to participate in a longitudinal study of eating disorder treatment...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223912/diet-induced-obesity-and-circadian-disruption-of-feeding-behavior
#17
REVIEW
Aurea Blancas-Velazquez, Jorge Mendoza, Alexandra N Garcia, Susanne E la Fleur
Feeding behavior shows a rhythmic daily pattern, which in nocturnal rodents is observed mainly during the dark period. This rhythmicity is under the influence of the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the main biological clock. Nevertheless, various studies have shown that in rodent models of obesity, using high-energy diets, the general locomotor activity and feeding rhythms can be disrupted. Here, we review the data on the effects of diet-induced obesity (DIO) on locomotor activity and feeding patterns, as well as the effect on the brain sites within the neural circuitry involved in metabolic and rewarding feeding behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223085/self-perception-of-weight-status-and-its-association-with-weight-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-chinese%C3%A2-children-in-guangzhou
#18
Li Cai, Ting Zhang, Jun Ma, Lu Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen
BACKGROUND: How weight perception influences weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in Chinese children is unknown. We investigated self-perception of body weight and its correlates, and analyzed the relationship between weight perception and weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in children in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: We assessed self-reported weight perception, weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in 3752 children aged 7-12 years...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221674/effects-of-visitor-numbers-on-captive-european-red-squirrels-sciurus-vulgaris-and-impacts-on-visitor-experience
#19
Eleanor E Woolway, Anne E Goodenough
Visitors to zoological collections can have substantial effects on captive animals that vary according to species, enclosure design, visitor proximity, and husbandry methods. One particularly intense form of visitor interaction occurs in immersive exhibits such as walk-through enclosures. Such enclosures are increasingly common but effects on animal behavior are currently understudied. Here, the behavior of captive European red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) is studied in relation to visitor numbers in a walk-through enclosure...
February 21, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221666/applying-the-unified-protocol-transdiagnostic-treatment-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-co-occurring-emotional-disorders-a-case-illustration
#20
Kate H Bentley
This article presents the use of a transdiagnostic, emotion-focused treatment with a young woman with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. The patient also presented with subclinical depressive, posttraumatic stress, and eating disorder symptoms. The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (Barlow et al., 2011), a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to be applicable across anxiety, depressive, and related disorders with strong emotional components, was used to address the range of Laura's presenting concerns...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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