keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

eating behavior

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804915/psychotherapy-for-bulimia-nervosa-on-symptoms-of-depression-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Tracey Wade, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms are an important risk factor and consequence of binge eating and purging behavior in bulimia nervosa (BN). Although psychotherapy is effective in reducing symptoms of BN in the short- and long-term, it is unclear whether psychotherapy for BN is also effective in reducing depressive symptoms. This meta-analysis examined the efficacy of psychotherapy for BN on depressive symptoms in the short- and long-term. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on BN that assessed depressive symptoms as an outcome were identified...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804452/supervised-and-unsupervised-learning-technology-in-the-study-of-rodent-behavior
#2
REVIEW
Katsiaryna V Gris, Jean-Philippe Coutu, Denis Gris
Quantifying behavior is a challenge for scientists studying neuroscience, ethology, psychology, pathology, etc. Until now, behavior was mostly considered as qualitative descriptions of postures or labor intensive counting of bouts of individual movements. Many prominent behavioral scientists conducted studies describing postures of mice and rats, depicting step by step eating, grooming, courting, and other behaviors. Automated video assessment technologies permit scientists to quantify daily behavioral patterns/routines, social interactions, and postural changes in an unbiased manner...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803957/a-standardization-of-the-novelty-suppressed-feeding-test-protocol-in-rats
#3
Arantxa Blasco-Serra, Eva M González-Soler, Ana Cervera-Ferri, Vicent Teruel-Martí, Alfonso A Valverde-Navarro
Tests based on hyponeophagia phenomena are the most widely used to check the efficacy and efficiency of new-generation chronic antidepressant treatments. Even so, these tests lack strict consensus about their methodology, which reduces their validity, reproducibility and makes translatability difficult. Therefore, after an extensive literature review on this subject, we propose a methodological protocol for the Novelty-Suppressed Feeding Test to normalize this situation. Animals were induced to a reserpine-induced depression model and were then chronically treated with duloxetine, desvenlafaxine or vehicle...
August 10, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802911/childhood-maltreatment-and-high-dietary-fat-intake-behaviors-in-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#5
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a wide range of chronic medical conditions including obesity, other metabolic events and eating disorders. However, little is known about the association between childhood maltreatment and high dietary fat intake. This study addresses the extent to which co-occurring and specific forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment are associated with self-reported high dietary fat intake in adulthood and whether there is a gender-childhood maltreatment interaction in predicting this association...
August 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802639/body-weight-perception-and-body-weight-control-behaviors-in-adolescents
#6
Robson Frank, Gaia S Claumann, Érico P G Felden, Diego A S Silva, Andreia Pelegrini
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the perception of body weight (as above or below the desired) and behaviors for body weight control in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included 1051 adolescents (aged 15-19 years) who were high school students attending public schools. The authors collected information on the perception of body weight (dependent variable), weight control behaviors (initiative to change the weight, physical exercise, eating less or cutting calories, fasting for 24h, taking medications, vomiting, or taking laxatives), and measured body weight and height to calculate the body mass index and then classify the weight status...
August 10, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802591/maternal-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-behaviors-as-correlates-of-preadolescent-s-breakfast-habits
#7
Reem A Ali, Nadin M Abdel Razeq, Karimeh M Alnuaimi, Fatmeh A Alzoubi
PURPOSE: To explore factors affecting skipping breakfast rate, and to identify its perceived reasons among preadolescent students and their mothers in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using cluster stratified sampling, preadolescent (10-11years) students (N=1915) and their mothers (N=1299) from 26 public and private schools completed a self-reported questionnaire. Breakfast skipping and its related habits were described. Children's and mothers' perceptions of regular breakfast eating and sociodemographic factors were analyzed in relation to breakfast skipping in children...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802575/military-experience-can-influence-women-s-eating-habits
#8
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Andrea Nevedal, Julie V Dinh, Shira Maguen
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating, ranging from occasional binge eating or restriction to behaviors associated with eating disorder diagnoses, is common among military personnel and veterans. However, there is little information on how military service affects eating habits. OBJECTIVE: To describe possible pathways between military service and disordered eating among women veterans, a high risk group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty women veterans who reported changing eating habits in response to stress participated in audio-recorded focus groups or dyadic interviews between April 2013 and October 2014...
August 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802303/body-image-weight-management-behavior-nutritional-knowledge-and-dietary-habits-in-high-school-boys-in-korea-and-china
#9
Hwajin Hyun, Hongmie Lee, Yoona Ro, Heewon L Gray, Kyunghee Song
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is an important period with rapid physical growth transitioning from childhood to adulthood. Distorted body image can result in eating disorders or inadequate nutrient intakes in adolescence. Limited research has been done with high school boys in both Korea and China. OBJECTIVES: To examine body image, weight control behaviors, nutritional knowledge, and dietary habits in Korean and Chinese teenage boys, and to evaluate any differences in these measures between two countries...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801958/virtual-reality-jogging-as-a-novel-exposure-paradigm-for-the-acute-urge-to-be-physically-active-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-implications-for-treatment
#10
Georgios Paslakis, Vanessa Fauck, Kathrin Röder, Elisabeth Rauh, Manfred Rauh, Yesim Erim
The acute urge to be physically active is a relevant clinical phenomenon in patients suffering from eating disorders. In this study with n = 20 female patients with anorexia nervosa and n = 10 female patients with bulimia nervosa, a virtual reality (VR) jogging paradigm was applied as a novel highly immersive 3-D exposure paradigm. Patients were asked to rate their acute urge to be physically active during the exposure procedure. A 10-item self-report questionnaire (smQ) was developed to capture the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of the acute urge to move...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801926/internet-delivered-eating-disorder-prevention-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-dissonance-based-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions
#11
Taona P Chithambo, Stanley J Huey
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated two web-based programs for eating disorder prevention in high-risk, predominantly ethnic minority women. METHOD: Two hundred and seventy-one women with elevated weight concerns were randomized to Internet dissonance-based intervention (DBI-I), Internet cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBI-I), or no intervention (NI). Both interventions consisted of four weekly online sessions. Participants were assessed at pre- and post-intervention...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798944/diet-alcohol-use-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-black-church-goers
#12
Nga T Nguyen, Elaine J Savoy, Lorraine R Reitzel, Minh-Anh H Nguyen, David W Wetter, Jacqueline Reese-Smith, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: Interventions for colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention among black adults are needed. Connections between CRC screening non-adherence and other health risk behaviors may inform intervention development. METHODS: Associations between red meat (RM) and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, at-risk alcohol use, and CRC ever-screening were examined using adjusted logistic regressions among 520 church-going black adults in Houston, Texas, aged >50. RESULTS: In the final adjusted model, being younger, uninsured, eating more RM and engaging in at-risk alcohol use were associated with lower likelihood of CRC ever-screening...
March 2017: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797702/unobtrusive-electromyography-based-eating-detection-in-daily-life-a-new-tool-to-address-underreporting
#13
J Blechert, M Liedlgruber, A Lender, J Reichenberger, F H Wilhelm
Research on eating behavior is limited by an overreliance on self-report. It is well known that actual food intake is frequently underreported, and it is likely that this problem is overrepresented in vulnerable populations. The present research tested a chewing detection method that could assist self-report methods. A trained sample of 15 participants (usable data of 14 participants) kept detailed eating records during one day and one night while carrying a recording device. Signals recorded from electromyography sensors unobtrusively placed behind the right ear were used to develop a chewing detection algorithm...
August 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795980/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-predictors-of-weight-loss-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#14
Linda Paul, Colin van der Heiden, Hans W Hoek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for morbid obesity. However, 20-30% of patients undergoing bariatric surgery experience premature weight stabilization or weight regain postoperatively. We report on the recent literature of predictors of weight loss and the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in bariatric patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Preoperative disordered eating behaviors do not appear to be significantly predictive of postoperative weight loss...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794888/dietary-variables-associated-with-substantial-postpartum-weight-retention-at-1-year-among-women-with-gdm-pregnancy
#15
Jaimie N Davis, Grace E Shearrer, Wei Tao, Shanta R Hurston, Erica P Gunderson
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the dietary behaviors linked to substantial postpartum weight retention, particularly in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes (GDM), is warranted to focus intervention efforts to prevent future type 2 diabetes. This study evaluates the relationship between dietary food intake at 6-9 weeks postpartum (baseline) and odds of substantial postpartum weight retention (≥ 5 kg) at 1-year in women with GDM. METHODS: The Study of Women, Infant Feeding and Type 2 Diabetes after GDM pregnancy (SWIFT) is a prospective multi-ethnic cohort (75% minority) of 1035 women (aged 20-45 years) with recent GDM who delivered a singleton, live birth (≥35 weeks gestation) and underwent 2-h 75 g OGTTs, anthropometric measurements and other assessments at 6-9 weeks postpartum (baseline) and annually thereafter...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791623/reoperative-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-reasons-for-surgery-medical-and-weight-loss-outcomes-relevant-behavioral-factors
#16
REVIEW
Ana Pinto-Bastos, Eva M Conceição, Paulo P P Machado
Reoperative surgery following the failure of primary bariatric surgery is increasing due to the significant rates of patients experiencing poor weight loss or medical complications. This literature review was conducted to organize the emerging, but scattered, literature regarding the reasons for undergoing surgery, the best available options, the predictors of success, and the psychological characteristics of patients submitted to reoperative surgeries. Reoperative procedures are technically challenging, but the possible benefits of reoperation supplant the increased risks associated with these procedures...
August 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790939/does-promotion-orientation-help-explain-why-future-orientated-people-exercise-and-eat-healthy
#17
Taciano L Milfont, Roosevelt Vilar, Rafaella C R Araujo, Robert Stanley
A study with United States undergraduate students showed individuals high in concern with future consequences engage in exercise and healthy eating because they adopt a promotion orientation, which represents the extent to which individuals are inclined to pursue positive gains. The present article reports a cross-cultural replication of the mediation findings with undergraduate samples from Brazil and New Zealand. Promotion orientation mediated the association between concern with future consequences and exercise attitudes in both countries, but the associations for healthy eating were not replicated-which could be explained by distinct obesity prevalence and eating habits in these socio-cultural contexts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790935/how-infants-and-young-children-learn-about-food-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Manon Mura Paroche, Samantha J Caton, Carolus M J L Vereijken, Hugo Weenen, Carmel Houston-Price
Early childhood is a critical time for establishing food preferences and dietary habits. In order for appropriate advice to be available to parents and healthcare professionals it is essential for researchers to understand the ways in which children learn about foods. This review summarizes the literature relating to the role played by known developmental learning processes in the establishment of early eating behavior, food preferences and general knowledge about food, and identifies gaps in our knowledge that remain to be explored...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790827/the-effects-of-memantine-on-behavioral-disturbances-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#19
Taro Kishi, Shinji Matsunaga, Nakao Iwata
BACKGROUND: Memantine is effective in the treatment of behavioral disturbances in patients with Alzheimer's disease. It has not yet been fully determined which behavioral disturbances respond best to memantine. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of memantine vs control (placebo or usual care) for the treatment of individual behavioral disturbances (delusion, hallucination, agitation/aggression, dysphoria, anxiety/phobia, euphoria, apathy, disinhibition, irritability/lability, aberrant motor activity/activity disturbances, nighttime disturbance/diurnal rhythm disturbances, and eating disturbances)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789757/unidimensional-and-bidimensional-approaches-to-measuring-acculturation
#20
Cha-Nam Shin, Michael Todd, Kyungeh An, Wonsun Sunny Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Researchers easily overlook the complexity of acculturation measurement in research. This study is to elaborate the shortcomings of unidimensional approaches to conceptualizing acculturation and highlight the importance of using bidimensional approaches in health research. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis on acculturation measures and eating habits obtained from 261 Korean American adults in a Midwestern city. RESULTS: Bidimensional approaches better conceptualized acculturation and explained more of the variance in eating habits than did unidimensional approaches...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
keyword
keyword
45296
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"