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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780977/modeling-interdependent-and-periodic-real-world-action-sequences
#1
Takeshi Kurashima, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications, including those that track activities such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. Accurately predicting human actions in the real world is essential for targeted recommendations that could improve our health and for personalization of these applications. However, making such predictions is extremely difficult due to the complexities of human behavior, which consists of a large number of potential actions that vary over time, depend on each other, and are periodic...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#2
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779075/gardening-for-health-patterns-of-gardening-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-the-navajo
#3
India J Ornelas, Katie Osterbauer, Lisa Woo, Sonia K Bishop, Desiree Deschenie, Shirley A A Beresford, Kevin Lombard
American Indians, including Navajo, are disproportionately affected by obesity and diabetes, in part due to diet-related health behaviors. The purpose of this study was to assess the patterns of gardening and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among residents in two communities on the Navajo Nation in order to inform a community gardening intervention. We analyzed survey data collected from participants in the Yéego Gardening study conducted in two communities in the Navajo Nation (N = 169). We found that 51% of the sample gardened, and on average participants gardened 8...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778907/association-of-the-fto-fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-gene-rs9939609-polymorphism-with-rewarding-value-of-food-and-eating-behavior-in-chilean-children
#4
Ana Maria Obregón Rivas, Jose L Santos, Macarena A Valladares, Jameson Cameron, Gary Goldfield
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the single-nucleotide polymorphism rs9939609 in the FTO gene and homeostatic/non-homeostatic eating behavior patterns in Chilean children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 258 children (44% female; 8-14 y of age). Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, Z-score of height, body mass index, and waist circumference) were performed. Eating behavior was assessed using the Eating in Absence of Hunger Questionnaire; the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire; the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire, and the Food Reinforcement Value Questionnaire...
March 27, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777970/understanding-self-concealment-within-a-framework-of-eating-disorder-cognitions-and-body-image-flexibility-conceptual-and-applied-implications
#5
Akihiko Masuda, Janet D Latner, John P Barlie, Kayla Sargent
Although self-concealment has been long recognized in the context of body image disturbance and disordered eating concerns, empirical evidence remains limited. Following cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) models of disordered eating and body image concerns, the present cross-sectional study examined whether the construct of self-concealment was related to disordered eating and body image concerns. More specifically, we investigated whether eating disorder cognitions and body image flexibility, two factors linked to the maintenance of disordered eating concerns, are uniquely associated with self-concealment, while controlling for key demographic and sociocultural variables...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#6
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777968/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-food-perceptions-and-eating-behavior-using-a-novel-phone-application-in-adults-with-or-without-obesity
#7
Kholoud Alabduljader, Marion Cliffe, Francesco Sartor, Gabriele Papini, W Miles Cox, Hans-Peter Kubis
We developed a smart phone application to measure participants' food-reward perceptions and eating behavior in their naturalistic environment. Intensity ratings (0 - not at all to 10 - very strongly) of perceived anticipation of food (wanting) and food enjoyment at endpoint of intake (liking) were recorded as they occurred over a period of 14 days. Moreover, food craving trait, implicit and explicit attitude towards healthy food, and body composition were assessed. 53 participants provided complete data. Participants were classified by percentage of body fat; 33 participants with lower body fat (L-group) and 20 with higher body fat (H-group; ≥25% body fat for males and ≥32% for females)...
May 12, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#8
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777781/screen-related-parenting-practices-in-low-income-mexican-american-families
#9
Darcy A Thompson, Sarah J Schmiege, Susan L Johnson, Elizabeth A Vandewater, Richard E Boles, Ruth E Zambrana, Jerusha Lev, Jeanne M Tschann
OBJECTIVES: To (1) examine whether the Information, Motivation, and Behavioral Skills Model predicts maternal screen-related parenting practices and (2) evaluate the relationship of American Academy of Pediatrics(AAP)-recommended parenting practices with child television (TV) use behaviors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 312 Spanish- and/or English-speaking female primary caregivers of Mexican descent with a child 3-5 years of age were recruited from safety-net pediatric clinics...
May 16, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#10
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773151/changes-in-body-image-and-onset-of-disordered-eating-behaviors-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-over-a-five-year-longitudinal-follow-up
#11
Alda Troncone, Crescenzo Cascella, Antonietta Chianese, Ilaria Galiero, Angela Zanfardino, Santino Confetto, Laura Perrone, Dario Iafusco
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes over a five-year period in body image accuracy and dissatisfaction, as well as relationships with disordered eating behaviors (DEBs), in young patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Of 81 children (42 male, 39 female) with type 1 diabetes first assessed at ages 5.1-10.06 years, 67 (83%) were re-enrolled and interviewed as adolescents (aged 10.07-15.08 years) at follow-up. DEBs were assessed using a parent-report standardized measure...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772560/impact-of-sugar-on-the-body-brain-and-behavior
#12
Clara R Freeman, Amna Zehra, Veronica Ramirez, Corinde E Wiers, Nora D Volkow, Gene-Jack Wang
Sugar is highly palatable and rewarding, both in its taste and nutritive input. Excessive sugar consumption, however, may trigger neuroadaptations in the reward system that decouple eating behavior from caloric needs and leads to compulsive overeating. Excessive sugar intake is in turn associated with adverse health conditions, including obesity, metabolic syndrome, and inflammatory diseases. This review aims to use recent evidence to connect sugar's impact on the body, brain, and behavior to elucidate how and why sugar consumption has been implicated in addictive behaviors and poor health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772542/regulation-of-feeding-behavior-in-drosophila-through-the-interplay-of-gustation-physiology-and-neuromodulation
#13
Bhumika S, Arvind Kumar Singh
One of the most fundamental behaviors in all the organisms, in order to achieve a satiated state and internal energy homeostasis is feeding. The action of feeding in any being whether be it any vertebrate or an invertebrate involves the perception of the external environment along with the gamut of decision making processes to eat or to not eat. The feeding decision along with chemosensation through gustation and olfaction leads to intake of food with proper nutrient balance along with avoidance of bitter and toxic substances...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772292/does-the-cost-of-a-meal-influence-the-portion-size-effect
#14
Faris M Zuraikat, Liane S Roe, Alissa D Smethers, Levi W Reihart, Barbara J Rolls
Serving larger portions leads to increased intake, but little is known about how the cost of a meal affects this response. Therefore, we tested whether the amount of money paid for a meal influenced the portion size effect at a lunch served in a controlled restaurant-style setting. In a crossover design, 79 adults (55 women; 24 men) came to the lab once a week for 4 weeks to eat a main dish of pasta with side dishes. Across weeks, the meal was varied in two factors: portion size of the main dish (400 g or 600 g) and cost of the meal (US$8 or $16)...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771567/enacting-rituals-to-improve-self-control
#15
Allen Ding Tian, Juliana Schroeder, Gerald Häubl, Jane L Risen, Michael I Norton, Francesca Gino
Rituals are predefined sequences of actions characterized by rigidity and repetition. We propose that enacting ritualized actions can enhance subjective feelings of self-discipline, such that rituals can be harnessed to improve behavioral self-control. We test this hypothesis in 6 experiments. A field experiment showed that engaging in a pre-eating ritual over a 5-day period helped participants reduce calorie intake (Experiment 1). Pairing a ritual with healthy eating behavior increased the likelihood of choosing healthy food in a subsequent decision (Experiment 2), and enacting a ritual before a food choice (i...
June 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769170/design-and-rationale-for-a-parent-led-intervention-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-young-childhood-cancer-survivors-reboot-protocol-for-a-pilot-study
#16
Lauren Touyz, Jennifer Cohen, Claire Wakefield, Allison Grech, Sarah Garnett, Paayal Gohil, Richard Cohn
BACKGROUND: Poor dietary habits are common among childhood cancer survivors, despite increasing their risk of cardio metabolic complications after cancer treatment. Here, we describe the design and rationale for a pilot telephone-based, parent-led intervention aimed at increasing fruit and vegetable intake in young cancer survivors (Reboot). OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of delivering evidence-based telephone support to parents of childhood cancer survivors...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768617/a-study-about-the-young-consumers-consumption-behaviors-of-street-foods
#17
Nevin Sanlier, Aybuke Ceyhun Sezgin, Gulsah Sahin, Emine Yassibas
As in almost every country in the world, street foods are frequently used in Turkey. To determine the preferences for these foods, a questionnaire was given to 847 individuals constituted by randomly selected high school and university students. Of the participants, 43.4% were male and 56.6% were female; the majority of them were between 19 and 22 years of age. It was found that 40.1% of the young people ate street food 2-3 times per week, whereas 23.3% were found to eat it every day. Turkish bagels, döner, boiled corn in a cup and toast are most preferred street foods...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767908/gender-differences-in-body-mass-index-body-weight-perception-weight-satisfaction-disordered-eating-and-weight-control-strategies-among-indian-medical-and-nursing-undergraduates
#18
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI), weight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767219/alabama-children-s-body-mass-index-nutritional-attitudes-and-food-consumption-an-exploratory-analysis
#19
Vaughn Millner, Ryon C McDermott, Bernard H Eichold
OBJECTIVES: This study had three aims: assess the extent to which middle school children in southern Alabama were classified as overweight or obese; determine the magnitude of the relation between children's attitudes toward healthy eating and their actual dietary choices; and examine the role of race, sex, and ZIP codes on children's eating attitudes and behaviors. METHODS: Registered dietitians took height and weight measurements of middle school children in southern Alabama to establish body mass index (BMI)...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765343/questionnaire-based-maladaptive-decision-coping-patterns-involved-in-binge-eating-among-1013-college-students
#20
Wan-Sen Yan, Ran-Ran Zhang, Yan Lan, Zhi-Ming Li, Yong-Hui Li
Binge Eating Disorder (BED), considered a public health problem because of its impact on psychiatric, physical, and social functioning, merits much attention given its elevation to an independent diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Similar with substance use disorders, some neuropsychological and personality constructs are potentially implicated in the onset and development of BED, in which poor decision-making has been suggested to facilitate overeating and BED...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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