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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324677/intermittent-explosive-disorder-and-eating-disorders-analysis-of-national-comorbidity-and-research-samples
#1
Karen M Jennings, Jennifer E Wildes, Emil F Coccaro
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies suggest comorbidity between eating disorders and aggressive behaviors. This study examined the pattern of comorbidity between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and eating disorders (ED). METHODS: Data were analyzed from both the adult and adolescent samples of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (n = 19,430) and a clinical research sample (n = 1,642). RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of Any ED was elevated in IED vs...
March 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318184/preventing-childhood-obesity-contributions-from-the-social-sciences-to-intervention
#2
Muriel Lamarque, Alicia Bibiana Orden
Programming and implementation of health policies for the prevention of overweight and obesity have traditionally focused on the dissemination of specific messages identifying healthy foods and pointing out the importance of physical activity. Despite recurrent efforts, the prevalence of obesity in both adult and children populations continues to rise. The configuration of preventive proposals seems to neglect the more complex reality of the eating phenomenon, whose nature goes beyond its biological basis. Behind the presence of overweight or obesity, there are factors that exceed individual behaviors, which are constituted as elements of social order...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315945/organization-of-the-reach-and-grasp-in-head-fixed-vs-freely-moving-mice-provides-support-for-multiple-motor-channel-theory-of-neocortical-organization
#3
Ian Q Whishaw, Jamshid Faraji, Jessica Kuntz, Behroo Mirza Agha, Mukt Patel, Gerlinde A S Metz, Majid H Mohajerani
Multiple motor channel (MMC) theory of neocortical organization proposes that complex movements, such as reaching for a food item to eat, are produced by the coordinated action of separate neural channels. For example, the human reach-to-grasp act is mediated by two visuo-parieto-motor cortex channels, one for the reach and one for the grasp. The present analysis asked whether there is a similar organization of reach-and-grasp movements in the mouse. The reach-to-eat movements of the same mice were examined from high-shutter speed, frame-by-frame video analysis in three tasks in which the mice obtained equivalent success scores: when freely-moving reaching for food pellets, when head-fixed reaching for food pellets, and when head-fixed reaching for pieces of pasta...
March 18, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315897/complementary-feeding-in-an-obesogenic-environment-behavioral-and-dietary-quality-outcomes-and-interventions
#4
Lynne Allison Daniels
The WHO infant feeding guidelines, including those for complementary feeding (CF), are very prescriptive, largely based on the outcomes of exclusive breastfeeding, and have a bias towards undernutrition. Consideration of longer-term outcomes related to overnutrition, the predominant nutrition problem in affluent countries, is limited. Compared to the ongoing and often zealous debates regarding the short- and long-term benefits of exclusive breastfeeding to 6 months in affluent countries, exposures (particularly feeding practices) and outcomes related to CF, independent of exclusive breastfeeding, have received little attention...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315883/complementary-foods-guidelines-and-practices
#5
Merryn J Netting, Maria Makrides
Complementary feeding, the transition from a breast milk-based diet to inclusion of other sources of nutrition in an infant's diet, is a major milestone in infant development. This transition period is important as it is a time when infants are vulnerable to developing nutritional deficiencies and occurs during a developmental stage when important food-related behavioral patterns are being established. As under- and overnutrition may coexist in children from the same country, it is important that advice provided by complementary feeding guidelines meets the needs of all children helping them to grow and develop into healthy adults...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315360/parent-child-mealtime-interactions-associated-with-toddlers-refusals-of-novel-and-familiar-foods
#6
Lisa R Fries, Nathalie Martin, Klazine van der Horst
Parents' feeding practices have been associated with children's dietary quality and food acceptance, but previous studies have largely relied exclusively on questionnaires to assess both parent and child behavior. The current study explored the relationships between parents' reported and observed feeding practices and toddlers' food refusals. Sixty families with toddlers (12-36months-old) video recorded their children's dinners at home as well as a separate meal in which they offered the child a novel fruit or vegetable...
March 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303703/assessment-of-dietary-choices-of-young-women-in-the-contexts-of-hormonal-contraceptives
#7
Mariola Friedrich, Magdalena Junak
Background: Metabolic changes caused by hormonal contraception combined with unbalanced diet may pose many threats, and deficiency or excess of nutrients may increase the risk of using such contraceptives. Objective: The purpose of the survey was to assess the dietary choices of young women using hormonal contraceptives, taking into account their general knowledge about the contraception and its impact on their bodies. Material and methods: The survey comprised 67 women aged from 18 to 25 years...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302521/comment-on-stability-of-problem-eating-behaviors-and-weight-loss
#8
EDITORIAL
Silvia Leite Faria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302140/nighttime-eating-and-breast-cancer-among-chinese-women-in-hong-kong
#9
Mengjie Li, Lap Ah Tse, Wing-Cheong Chan, Chi-Hei Kwok, Siu-Lan Leung, Cherry Wu, Wai-Cho Yu, Priscilla Ming-Yi Lee, Koon-Ho Tsang, Sze-Hong Law, Roel Vermeulen, Fangyi Gu, Neil E Caporaso, Ignatius Tak-Sun Yu, Feng Wang, Xiaohong Rose Yang
BACKGROUND: A novel line of research suggests that eating at nighttime may have several metabolic consequences that are highly relevant to breast cancer. We investigated the association between nighttime eating habits after 10 p.m. and breast cancer in Hong Kong women. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted during 2012-2015. A total of 922 patients with incident breast cancer (cases) and 913 hospital controls were recruited and interviewed using a standard questionnaire including information on eating behavior during both daytime and nighttime...
March 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301856/the-role-of-dietary-experience-in-the-development-of-eating-behavior-during-the-first-years-of-life
#10
Sophie Nicklaus
Infants are born equipped to ingest nutrients, but because of the transitions in the mode of feeding in the first years (from "tube" feeding in utero to eating table foods with the family), they have to learn how, what and how much to eat. Eating behavior established during early years may follow throughout childhood; therefore, it is fundamental to understand the most important drivers of the early development of eating behavior. Beyond the first flavor discoveries during the gestational and lactation periods (through the infant's exposure to flavors from foods of the mother's diet), the most important phases for learning food preferences and appetite control may be the beginning of complementary feeding (CF)...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301566/eating-symptomatology-and-general-psychopathology-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-from-china-uk-and-spain-a-cross-cultural-study-examining-the-role-of-social-attitudes
#11
Zaida Agüera, Nicola Brewin, Jue Chen, Roser Granero, Qing Kang, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Jon Arcelus
Cultural studies exploring differences in the manifestation of anorexia nervosa (AN) have primarily focus on Western and non-Western cultures. However, no study so far has considered the role that social attitudes (i.e. Collectivist vs. Individualist cultural values) have in the clinical manifestations of eating disorders, including AN patients. With this in mind, the aim of this study is to compare eating and general psychopathology in a large sample of individuals diagnosed with AN from China, Spain, and United Kingdom (UK), in order to study the differences according to belonging to Western or non-Western country, or the country's Individualist Index (IDV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301060/prevalence-of-eating-disorders-and-picking-nibbling-in-elderly-women
#12
Eva M Conceição, Fabiana V S Gomes, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Paulo P P Machado
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the point prevalence of eating disorders and picking/nibbling in elderly women. METHODS: This was a two-stage epidemiological study that assessed 342 women aged 65-94 years old. In Stage 1, the following screening measures were used to identify possible cases: the Mini-Mental State Examination, to screen and exclude patients with cognitive impairment; Weight Concerns Scale; SCOFF (Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food) Questionnaire; Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire-dietary restraint subscale; and three questions to screen for picking/nibbling and night eating syndrome...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300619/brain-neurotransmitters-in-an-animal-model-with-postpartum-depressive-like-behavior
#13
Y Avraham, Y Hants, L Vorobeiv, M Premishlano, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, D Mankuta, E Galun, S Arbel-Alon
Post-Partum Depression (PPD) occurs in 15% of pregnancies and its patho-physiology is not known. We studied female BALB/c ("depressive") and C57BL/6 (control) mice as a model for PPD and assessed their behavior and correlates with brain neurotransmitters (NTs) - norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin and intermediates, during the pre-pregnancy (PREP), pregnancy (PREG) and post-Partum (PP) periods. Depressive-like behavior was evaluated by the Open Field (OFT), Tail Suspension (TST) and Forced Swim (FST) tests...
March 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298280/nutritional-recommendations-for-adult-bariatric-surgery-patients-clinical-practice
#14
REVIEW
Shiri Sherf Dagan, Ariela Goldenshluger, Inbal Globus, Chaya Schweiger, Yafit Kessler, Galit Kowen Sandbank, Tair Ben-Porat, Tali Sinai
Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective treatment for morbid obesity and its associated metabolic complications. To ensure long-term postoperative success, patients must be prepared to adopt comprehensive lifestyle changes. This review summarizes the current evidence and expert opinions with regard to nutritional care in the perioperative and long-term postoperative periods. A literature search was performed with the use of different lines of searches for narrative reviews. Nutritional recommendations are divided into 3 main sections: 1) presurgery nutritional evaluation and presurgery diet and supplementation; 2) postsurgery diet progression, eating-related behaviors, and nutritional therapy for common gastrointestinal symptoms; and 3) recommendations for lifelong supplementation and advice for nutritional follow-up...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294985/effects-of-a-diet-based-weight-reducing-program-with-probiotic-supplementation-on-satiety-efficiency-eating-behaviour-traits-and-psychosocial-behaviours-in-obese-individuals
#15
Marina Sanchez, Christian Darimont, Shirin Panahi, Vicky Drapeau, André Marette, Valerie H Taylor, Jean Doré, Angelo Tremblay
This study evaluated the impact of probiotic supplementation (Lactobacillus rhamnosus CGMCC1.3724 (LPR)) on appetite sensations and eating behaviors in the context of a weight-reducing program. Obese men (n = 45) and women (n = 60) participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial that included a 12-week weight loss period (Phase 1) based on moderate energy restriction, followed by 12 weeks of weight maintenance (Phase 2). During the two phases of the program, each subject consumed two capsules per day of either a placebo or a LPR formulation (10 mg of LPR equivalent to 1...
March 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292531/stress-overeating-and-obesity-insights-from-human-studies-and-preclinical-models
#16
REVIEW
Maria Razzoli, Carolyn Pearson, Scott Crow, Alessandro Bartolomucci
Eating disorders and obesity have become predominant in human society. Their association to modern lifestyle, encompassing calorie-rich diets, psychological stress, and comorbidity with major diseases are well documented. Unfortunately the biological basis remains elusive and the pharmacological treatment inadequate, in part due to the limited availability of valid animal models. Human research on binge eating disorder (BED) proves a strong link between stress exposure and bingeing: state-levels of stress and negative affect are linked to binge eating in individuals with BED both in laboratory settings and the natural environment...
March 11, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292281/skipping-breakfast-is-detrimental-for-primary-school-children-cross-sectional-analysis-of-determinants-for-targeted-prevention
#17
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Meike Traub, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Jürgen Michael Steinacker
BACKGROUND: Skipping breakfast was found to be associated with abdominal obesity in primary school children. The aim of this research was to examine factors associated with skipping breakfast in primary school children in order to develop targeted preventive measures. METHODS: Baseline data assessment (2010) of a cluster-randomized controlled trial for the evaluation of a school-based health promotion program in primary school children in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290159/the-unexplored-crossroads-of-the-female-athlete-triad-and-iron-deficiency-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Dylan L Petkus, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Mary Jane De Souza
Despite the severity and prevalence of iron deficiency in exercising women, few published reports have explored how iron deficiency interacts with another prevalent and severe condition in exercising women: the 'female athlete triad.' This review aims to describe how iron deficiency may interact with each component of the female athlete triad, that is, energy status, reproductive function, and bone health. The effects of iron deficiency on energy status are discussed in regards to thyroid function, metabolic fuel availability, eating behaviors, and energy expenditure...
March 13, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#19
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288499/-validation-of-the-physical-appearance-comparison-scale-pacs-in-a-german-sample-psychometric-properties-and-association-with-eating-behavior-body-image-and-self-esteem
#20
Simone Claire Mölbert, Martin Hautzinger, Hans-Otto Karnath, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin Giel
The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS [14]) is the most commonly used validated measure of body-related social comparison habits. Here we investigate reliability and construct validity of the PACS in a German sample. Participants (n=75 men, n=75 women and n=25 women with a confirmed diagnosis of anorexia nervosa) completed the PACS along with measures of eating disorder pathology, body image and self-esteem. Results show an adequate internal consistency of the PACS for the female subgroups and medium to high correlations with eating disorder pathology, body image and self-esteem...
February 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
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