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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654821/table%C3%A2-talk-how-mothers-and-adolescents-across-socioeconomic-status-discuss-food
#1
Priya Fielding-Singh, Jennifer Wang
This article reports findings from a qualitative study of food practices among families of differing socioeconomic circumstances. Using in-depth interviews from sixty-two families in the San Francisco Bay Area in 2015-2016, we find socioeconomic differences in how mothers and adolescents talk about food. Across SES, mothers and adolescents engage in discussions about healthy eating. However, these conversations are more commonplace and embedded within high-SES family life than among low-SES families. Beyond conversations about 1) healthy eating, the topics of 2) food quality and 3) price are discussed to varying degrees across SES...
June 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653501/perceived-weight-discrimination-and-high-risk-health-related-behaviors
#2
Angelina R Sutin, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: Perceived weight discrimination has been associated with several health-risk behaviors related to eating and physical activity. The purpose of this research is to test whether weight discrimination is associated with nonweight-related high-risk behaviors that put the individual's health at risk. METHODS: As part of a larger survey on health and well-being, participants (N = 5,163) reported on their experiences with weight discrimination and their engagement in four high-risk behaviors: current cigarette smoking, driving while intoxicated, risky sexual/drug use behaviors, and seat belt use...
July 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653497/corrigendum-eating-behavior-and-obesity-at-chinese-buffets
#3
Brian Wansink, Collin R Payne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653297/adherence-of-psychopharmacological-prescriptions-to-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-patients-with-eating-behavior-disorders
#4
María Del Mar Alañón Pardo, Mónica Ferrit Martín, Miguel Ángel Calleja Hernández, Francisco Morillas Márquez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the adherence of psychopharmacological prescriptions to clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for patients with eating behavior disorders (EDs) and to compare the effectiveness, safety, and cost of treatment according to adherence. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included ED patients admitted to the eating disorders unit (EDU) of Ciudad Real Hospital (Spain) between January 2006 and December 2009 and followed until December 2014...
June 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652832/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-aid-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-current-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Roberto Cattivelli, Alessandro Rossi, Margherita Novelli, Giorgia Varallo, Enrico Molinari
Obesity is a chronic condition associated with risk factors for many medical complications and comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer, osteoarthritis, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, type-2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and different psychosocial issues and psychopathological disorders. Obesity is a highly complex, multifactorial disease: genetic, biological, psychological, behavioral, familial, social, cultural, and environmental factors can influence in different ways...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650206/socioenvironmental-personal-and-behavioral-correlates-of-severe-obesity-among-an-ethnically-racially-diverse-sample-of-us-adolescents
#6
Katherine W Bauer, Marsha D Marcus, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity among adolescents, also known as class 2 and 3 obesity, is increasing in prevalence, yet, little is known about adolescents with severe obesity. The objective of this study was to identify the socioenvironmental, personal, and behavioral correlates of severe obesity among an ethnically/racially diverse sample of US adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of data from participants in the EAT 2010 study (n = 2706) was conducted...
June 26, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647543/healthy-eating-and-activity-across-the-lifespan-heal-a-call-to-action-to-integrate-research-clinical-practice-policy-and-community-resources-to-address-weight-related-health-disparities
#7
Jerica M Berge, Margaret Adamek, Caitlin Caspi, Katie A Loth, Amy Shanafelt, Steven D Stovitz, Amanda Trofholz, Katherine Y Grannon, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite intense nationwide efforts to improve healthy eating and physical activity across the lifespan, progress has plateaued. Moreover, health inequities remain. Frameworks that integrate research, clinical practice, policy, and community resources to address weight-related behaviors are needed. Implementation and evaluation of integration efforts also remain a challenge. The purpose of this paper is to: (1) Describe the planning and development process of an integrator entity, HEAL (Healthy Eating and Activity across the Lifespan); (2) present outcomes of the HEAL development process including the HEAL vision, mission, and values statements; (3) define the planned integrator functions of HEAL; and (4) describe the ongoing evaluation of the integration process...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647385/hunger-and-disinhibition-but-not-cognitive-restraint-are-associated-with-central-norepinephrine-transporter-availability
#8
A Bresch, M Rullmann, J Luthardt, G A Becker, M Patt, Y-S Ding, A Hilbert, O Sabri, S Hesse
The relationship between food-intake related behaviours measured by the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) and in vivo norepinephrine transporter (NET) availability has not been explored yet. We investigated ten obese individuals (body mass index (BMI) 42.4 ± 3.7 kg/m(2)) and ten normal-weight healthy controls (HC, BMI 23.9 ± 2.5 kg/m(2)) with (S,S)-[(11)C]-O-methylreboxetine ([(11)C]MRB) positron emission tomography (PET). All participants completed the TFEQ, which measures cognitive restraint, disinhibition and hunger...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646804/pilot-investigation-of-2-nondiet-approaches-to-improve-weight-and-health
#9
Kelly H Webber, Laurel Mellin, Lindsey Mayes, Igor Mitrovic, Matt Saulnier
Context • Weight loss and maintenance are associated with many health benefits, but long-term maintenance of weight loss remains elusive for many people. Overweight individuals are at higher risk than normal-weight individuals for stress-induced overeating. The use of stress-management tools in a weight loss program might decrease the physiological stress that fuels overeating and improve posttreatment maintenance of weight loss Objective • The study intended to compare the differences in outcomes between 2 approaches to achieving weight loss and changes in health-stress reduction and intuitive eating (IE)-during a 14-wk period...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644927/testing-an-integrative-model-of-affect-regulation-and-avoidance-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-disordered-eating
#10
Nicholas L Anderson, Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Janis H Crowther
This research tested a model that integrates risk factors among NSSI and eating disorder (ED) behaviors to elucidate possible shared and unique mechanisms underlying both behaviors. Emotional distress, limited access to emotion regulation (ER) strategies, avoidance, and NSSI/ED frequency were examined in a sample of 230 female undergraduates. Structural equation modeling indicated that emotional distress had direct and positive associations with limited access to ER strategies and avoidance, and limited access to ER strategies mediated the relationship between emotional distress and avoidance...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644530/long-term-outcome-of-anorexia-nervosa-results-from-a-large-clinical-longitudinal-study
#11
Manfred Maximilian Fichter, Norbert Quadflieg, Ross D Crosby, Sonja Koch
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the long-term outcome of anorexia nervosa (AN) in a very large sample of inpatients (N = 1,693) and identification of predictors for poor outcome. METHOD: Over 25 years (mean 10 years), consecutively admitted inpatients of a specialized hospital were followed. A subsample of 112 patients with 20-year follow-up was defined. Bivariate comparisons and logistic regression analysis identified risk factors of poor outcome. RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) increased during the follow-up period...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643290/does-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-global-subscale-adequately-predict-eating-disorder-psychopathology-in-the-daily-life-of-obese-adults
#12
Tyler B Mason, Kathryn E Smith, Ross D Crosby, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott J Crow, Scott G Engel, Carol B Peterson
The eating disorder examination questionnaire (EDE-Q) Global score is a self-report measure of global eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. This study used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to evaluate the ecological validity of EDE-Q Global scores among obese adults. Fifty obese adults completed the EDE-Q and 2 weeks of EMA ratings prior to initiating eating episodes and subsequently after eating episodes. EMA items assessed behavioral symptoms [i.e., loss of control (LOC) eating and overeating] and cognitive symptoms (i...
June 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641040/-drunkorexia-understanding-eating-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-weight-conscious-drinkers-in-a-sample-of-college-students
#13
Amanda H Wilkerson, Christine L Hackman, Sarah E Rush, Stuart L Usdan, Corinne S Smith
OBJECTIVE: Behaviors of weight conscious drinkers (BWCD) include disordered eating, excessive physical activity, and heavy episodic drinking. Considering approximately 25% of college students report BWCD, it is important to investigate what characteristics increase the likelihood of college students engaging in BWCD for both moderate and vigorous physical activity. PARTICIPANTS: 510 college students recruited from a large, public southeastern university. METHODS: Participants completed a cross-sectional survey during the spring 2015 semester...
June 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639321/association-of-the-5-ht2a-receptor-gene-promoter-polymorphism-1438g-a-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-psychopathological-traits-in-the-chinese-han-population-a-preliminary-study
#14
Qing Kang, Jue Chen, Shunying Yu, Aihua Yuan, Yanxia Zhang, Ran Zhang, Wenhui Jiang, Chen Zhang, Haiyin Zhang, Mingdao Zhang, Zeping Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the possible role of the 5-HT2A -1438G/A polymorphism in the susceptibility to anorexia nervosa (AN) in the Chinese Han population. METHODS: The -1438G/A polymorphism of 249 female AN patients, 228 matched healthy controls, and 198 trios was genotyped using SNaP shot assay. Psychopathological traits of eating-disordered behaviors in AN subjects were examined using the Chinese version of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire...
June 22, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632523/frontotemporal-dementia-presenting-as-gambling-disorder-when-a-psychiatric-condition-is-the-clue-to-a-neurodegenerative-disease
#15
Giacomo Tondo, Fabiola De Marchi, Emanuela Terazzi, Marta Sacchetti, Roberto Cantello
Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia, the most common form of frontotemporal dementia, is characterized by executive dysfunction and changes in personality and behavior, sometimes with associated psychiatric disorders. We report a man who suddenly developed a gambling disorder when he was 55 years old. A year later he developed personality changes of agitation, euphoria, and disinhibition, along with binge eating and dysthymia. He did not improve on paroxetine 40 mg/day. Two years after the onset of his symptoms, he came to our clinic for evaluation...
June 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632394/changes-in-eating-behaviors-of-children-with-obesity-in-response-to-carbohydrate-modified-and-portion-controlled-diets
#16
Shelley Kirk, Jessica G Woo, Bonnie Brehm, Stephen R Daniels, Brian E Saelens
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to determine whether two distinct carbohydrate (CHO)-modified diets and a standard portion-controlled (PC) diet differentially impacted children's eating behaviors and whether eating behavior scores predicted lower BMI among children with obesity. METHODS: Children (n = 102) aged 7-12 years with obesity were randomly assigned to a 12-month intervention of a low-carbohydrate (LC), reduced glycemic load (RGL), or standard PC diet...
June 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631584/clinical-characterization-of-italian-suicide-attempters-with-bipolar-disorder
#17
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Matteo Vismara, Cristina Dobrea, Laura Cremaschi, Benedetta Grancini, Chiara Arici, Beatrice Benatti, Massimiliano Buoli, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura
Introduction Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic, highly disabling condition associated with psychiatric/medical comorbidity and substantive morbidity, mortality, and suicide risks. In prior reports, varying parameters have been associated with suicide risk. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate sociodemographic and clinical variables characterizing Italian individuals with BD with versus without prior suicide attempt (PSA). METHODS: A sample of 362 Italian patients categorized as BD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM IV-TR) was assessed and divided in 2 subgroups: with and without PSA...
June 20, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630601/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-diets-and-body-composition
#18
REVIEW
Alan A Aragon, Brad J Schoenfeld, Robert Wildman, Susan Kleiner, Trisha VanDusseldorp, Lem Taylor, Conrad P Earnest, Paul J Arciero, Colin Wilborn, Douglas S Kalman, Jeffrey R Stout, Darryn S Willoughby, Bill Campbell, Shawn M Arent, Laurent Bannock, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jose Antonio
Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature regarding the effects of diet types (macronutrient composition; eating styles) and their influence on body composition. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1) There is a multitude of diet types and eating styles, whereby numerous subtypes fall under each major dietary archetype. 2) All body composition assessment methods have strengths and limitations. 3) Diets primarily focused on fat loss are driven by a sustained caloric deficit...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629931/fathers-feeding-practices-and-children-s-weight-status-in-mexican-american-families
#19
Carlos Penilla, Jeanne M Tschann, Julianna Deardorff, Elena Flores, Lauri A Pasch, Nancy F Butte, Steven E Gregorich, Louise C Greenspan, Suzanna M Martinez, Emily Ozer
Mothers' feeding practices are associated with their children's weight status, but little is known about the associations between fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status. Moreover, there is a dearth of research on Latino fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status, even though Latino children suffer some of the highest obesity rates in the U.S. We examined the associations between fathers' feeding practices and child weight status, conditional on mothers' feeding practices, within 174 Mexican American families with children aged 8-10 years...
June 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629779/are-dopaminergic-genotypes-risk-factors-for-eating-behavior-and-obesity-in-adults
#20
Orcun Avsar, Aysegul Kuskucu, Seda Sancak, Ece Genc
Dopamine (DA) is the main modulator of the brain reward system and significantly regulates food intake. The idea that obesity is a neurobiological disease rather than a metabolic disorder, is the basis of the study. Changes in dopamine neurotransmission affect the brain reward system in a direct way. Furthermore, changes in the reward system influence the eating behavior in human. The enzymes monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) terminate the DA function by metabolizing it. In our study, the control group which included 214 individuals and 234 subjects with obesity were investigated for MAOA-u VNTR and COMT (rs4680) polymorphisms...
June 16, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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