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Becky Marquez, Gregory J Norman, James H Fowler, Kim M Gans, Bess H Marcus
OBJECTIVE: Shared behaviors have been implicated in the clustering of obesity among socially connected people. This study determined how weight and weight control behaviors of participants and their social ties are related and how these factors are associated with weight change in participants. METHOD: Adult Latinas participating in a lifestyle intervention completed an egocentric network measure of weight and weight control behaviors. Participant weight was objectively measured at baseline and 12 months...
April 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
J G Thomas, H A Raynor, D S Bond, A K Luke, C C Cardoso, A C Wojtanowski, S Vander Veur, D Tate, R R Wing, G D Foster
Objective: Evaluate the effects of an online commercial weight management program, with and without provision of a 'smart' scale with instructions to weigh daily and weekly tailored feedback, on weight loss and the frequency of body-weight self-monitoring. Methods: Participants (N = 92; body mass index 27-40 kg/m2 ) were randomized to 6 months of no-cost access to the Weight Watchers Online (WWO) platform alone, or enhanced with a cellular-connected 'smart' scale, instructions to weigh daily and weekly pre-scripted email feedback (Weight Watchers Online Enhanced [WWO-E])...
December 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
Kathryn M Ross, Peihua Qiu, Lu You, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVE: Although the trajectory of weight change during and/or after behavioral weight management interventions is believed to include a period of weight loss followed by maintenance and later regain, the sparse data produced by existing study designs (conducting assessments at 3- to 6-month intervals) have limited investigation into the precise pattern. METHODS: Seventy-five adults were asked to self-weigh daily via "smart" scales during a 12-week, Internet-based weight loss program and for an additional 9 months with no further intervention...
February 2018: Obesity
Lua Wilkinson, Carly R Pacanowski, David Levitsky
Frequent self-weighing is associated with weight loss maintenance. Several years ago, we investigated frequent self-weighing's effect on weight loss and found the participants lost a significant amount of weight. Three years after this trial's end, participants were contacted for an update on their weight and self-weighing frequency. Weight change and self-weighing frequency since the end of the study were assessed. We hypothesized that participants who maintained frequent self-weighing behavior would have maintained their weight loss...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Ena Huseinovic, Fredrik Bertz, Hilde Kristin Brekke, Anna Winkvist
We recently reported that a 12-week diet intervention among postpartum women produced a weight loss of 12% after 1 year, compared to 5% in controls. Here, we present 2-year results after 1 year of unsupervised follow-up. In total, 110 women with a self-reported body mass index of ≥27 kg/m(2) at 6-15-week postpartum were randomized to diet group (D-group) or control group (C-group). D-group received a 12-week diet intervention by a dietitian followed by monthly e-mails up to the 1-year follow-up. C-group received a brochure on healthy eating...
October 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Melissa A Kalarchian, Marsha D Marcus
Among carefully screened patients, bariatric surgery has proven safe and efficacious in the management of clinically severe obesity and poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. Nonetheless, individual outcomes vary, suggesting the need for interventions to maximize and sustain the health benefits of surgery. In this short review, we synthesize findings from the extant research literature to suggest the potential utility of a stepped care approach to optimize the postsurgery weight trajectory, which requires further research using adaptive designs...
January 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Melissa M Crane, Lesley D Lutes, Nancy E Sherwood, Dianne S Ward, Deborah F Tate
Men are underrepresented in weight loss programs and little is currently known about the weight loss strategies men prefer. This study describes the weight loss strategies used by men during a men-only weight loss program. At baseline, 3 months, and 6 months, participants reported how frequently they used 45 weight loss strategies including strategies frequently recommended by the program (i.e., mentioned during every intervention contact; e.g., daily self-weighing), strategies occasionally recommended by the program (i...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Diane L Rosenbaum, Hallie M Espel, Meghan L Butryn, Fengqing Zhang, Michael R Lowe
Daily self-weighing has been suggested as an important factor for weight loss maintenance among samples with obesity. This study is a secondary analysis that examined daily self-weighing in association with weight and body composition outcomes over 2 years among young women with vulnerability for weight gain. Women (N = 294) of varying weight status completed self-weighing frequency questionnaires and weight was measured in the clinic at baseline, 6 months, 1, and 2 years; DXA scans were completed at baseline, 6 months and 2 years...
October 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
A L Crain, N E Sherwood, B C Martinson, R W Jeffery
Background: An important step toward enhancing the efficacy of weight loss maintenance interventions is identifying the pathways through which successful interventions such as the Keep It Off trial have worked. Purpose: This study aimed to assess the viability of mediated relationships between the Keep It Off Guided intervention, conceptually and empirically grounded potential mediators, and weight. Repeated measurement of mediators and weight enabled documentation of the temporal ordering of intervention delivery and changes in mediators and in weight among participants randomized to the Guided intervention or Self-Directed comparison group...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Stefanie Lynn Painter, Rezwan Ahmed, James O Hill, Robert F Kushner, Richard Lindquist, Scott Brunning, Amy Margulies
BACKGROUND: Using technology to self-monitor body weight, dietary intake, and physical activity is a common practice used by consumers and health companies to increase awareness of current and desired behaviors in weight loss. Understanding how to best use the information gathered by these relatively new methods needs to be further explored. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the contribution of self-monitoring to weight loss in participants in a 6-month commercial weight-loss intervention administered by Retrofit and to specifically identify the significant contributors to weight loss that are associated with behavior and outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Yvonne L Eaglehouse, Elizabeth M Venditti, M Kaye Kramer, Vincent C Arena, Karl K Vanderwood, Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Andrea M Kriska
The U.S. Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) showed that lifestyle participants who achieved ≥7% weight loss and ≥150 min/week physical activity experienced the greatest reduction in type 2 diabetes incidence. Demographic, clinical, and program factors that are related to achieving both these lifestyle goals have seldom been explored in community-delivered DPP programs. The purpose of this investigation is to examine factors associated with concurrent achievement of weight loss and physical activity goals in a 12-month community DPP lifestyle intervention...
December 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Y Zheng, M A Terry, C A Danford, L J Ewing, S M Sereika, R W Goode, A Mori, L E Burke
The purpose of the study was to describe participants' experience of daily weighing and to explore factors influencing adherence to daily weighing among individuals who were successful in losing weight during a behavioral weight loss intervention. Participants completed a 12-month weight loss intervention study that included daily self-weighing using a Wi-Fi scale. Individuals were eligible to participate regardless of their frequency of self-weighing. The sample ( N = 30) was predominantly female (83.3%) and White (83...
April 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
M Crickmer, M Johnson, E Shanahan, B O'Shea
Studies have shown self-weighing behaviour is associated with weight loss and maintenance of previous losses. In this cross-sectional survey of 151 patients, 98 (65.0%) participants were overweight or obese, and 59 (31.9%) participants did not self-weigh. Healthcare teams should advise patients on weighing practices to control obesity.
September 9, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera, Patricia Bolaños-Ríos, Eva Valero-Blanco, Ángeles Ortega-de-la-Torre
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of eating disorders (ED) and discrepancies between actual weight and weight perception seem much higher in dancers. The aims analysed in 77 dancers were: risk for ED; relationship between eating attitudes and psychological variables; dieting and self-weighing, and body image distortion. METHOD: Weight- and body image-related variables, dieting, self-reported physical fitness, specific ED-related variables and other psychological variables were assessed...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
J G LaRose, A Lanoye, D F Tate, R R Wing
BACKGROUND: Frequent self-weighing is associated with better weight loss and maintenance among adults. Emerging adults ages 18-25 rarely enroll in behavioural weight loss trials, and thus, little is known about their willingness to engage in frequent self-weighing and its association with weight loss in this age group. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the frequency of self-weighing among 18-25-year-old over the course of a brief lifestyle intervention and to determine the association between frequent self-weighing and weight loss...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
Carmina G Valle, Allison M Deal, Deborah F Tate
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of two 6-month, self-regulation interventions that focused on daily self-weighing (DSW) and used objective monitoring and tailored feedback about weight (±activity), to prevent weight gain among African American breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants (n = 35) were randomized to an intervention + activity monitoring (INT+), intervention (INT), or control (CON) group. Interventions included a wireless scale (±activity tracker) that transmitted objective data to a mobile app/website, emailed lessons, and tailored feedback based on objective weight (±activity data)...
February 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Carly R Pacanowski, Emily M Pisetsky, Kelly C Berg, Ross D Crosby, Scott J Crow, Jennifer A Linde, James E Mitchell, Scott G Engel, Marjorie H Klein, Tracey L Smith, Daniel Le Grange, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Molly L Tanenbaum, Kathryn M Ross, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVE: Daily self-weighing is an effective weight loss strategy. Little is known about "micro" factors influencing nonadherence to self-weighing (e.g., daily overeating). It was hypothesized that increased caloric intake on a given day would increase odds of not self-weighing the following day. METHODS: Daily self-reports of weight and caloric intake were collected from 74 adults with overweight and obesity (mean BMI = 31.2 ± 4.5 kg/m(2) , age = 50...
November 2016: Obesity
Samuel N Doernberg, John R Peteet, Scott Y H Kim
BACKGROUND: Euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) of psychiatric patients is legal in some countries but remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: This study examined a frequently raised concern about the practice: how physicians address the issue of decision-making capacity of persons requesting psychiatric EAS. METHODS: A review of psychiatric EAS case summaries published by the Dutch Regional Euthanasia Review Committees. Directed content analysis using a capacity-specific 4 abilities model (understanding of facts, applying those facts to self, weighing/reasoning, and evidencing choice) was used to code texts discussing capacity...
November 2016: Psychosomatics
Ena Huseinovic, Fredrik Bertz, Monica Leu Agelii, Else Hellebö Johansson, Anna Winkvist, Hilde Kristin Brekke
BACKGROUND: Reproduction has been identified as an important factor for long-term weight gain among women. A previous efficacy trial has successfully produced postpartum weight loss; however, the effectiveness of this intervention needs to be established. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the short- and long-term effectiveness of a diet behavior modification treatment to produce weight loss in postpartum women within the primary health care setting in Sweden...
August 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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