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Autologous blood patch

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192271/ventral-spontaneous-durotomy-following-vaginal-delivery
#1
Nitin Agarwal, Ahmed I Kashkoush, Arpan V Prabhu, Raymond F Sekula
INTRODUCTION: Dural breaches have a diverse etiology, including spontaneous rupture and trauma. Most cases resolve with bedrest, though in refractory cases an epidural blood patch can be placed to obstruct further leakage. Here, we discuss a unique case of a spontaneous ventral durotomy following vaginal delivery managed with injections of autologous blood through bilateral transforaminal needles. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 36-year-old pregnant female presented to the inpatient maternity ward with positional occipital headaches and neck pain 24 hours following normal spontaneous vaginal delivery...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185770/pulmonary-intraparenchymal-blood-patching-decreases-the-rate-of-pneumothorax-related-complications-following-percutaneous-ct-guided-needle-biopsy
#2
Peter Graffy, Scott B Loomis, Perry J Pickhardt, Meghan G Lubner, Douglas R Kitchin, Fred T Lee, J Louis Hinshaw
PURPOSE: To investigate whether an autologous intraparenchymal blood patch (IPB) reduces the rate of pneumothorax-related complications associated with computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 834 patients: 482 who received an IPB and 352 who did not. Retrospective review was performed of all CT-guided lung biopsies performed at a single institution between August 2006 and September 2013. Patients were excluded if no aerated lung was crossed...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091819/the-status-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-to-intracranial-hypotension-including-sih
#3
REVIEW
Jin-Ping Lin, Shu-Dong Zhang, Fei-Fang He, Min-Jun Liu, Xiao-Xu Ma
Intracranial hypotension, especially spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH), is a well-recognized entity associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, and has being recognized better in resent years, while still woefully inadequate. An increasing number of factors including iatrogenic factors are realized to involve in development and progression of intracranial hypotension. The diagnosis remains difficult due to the various clinical manifestations, some of which are nonspecific and easily to be neglected...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066610/the-application-of-autologous-pulmonary-artery-in-surgical-correction-of-complicated-aortic-arch-anomaly
#4
Shusheng Wen, Jianzheng Cen, Jimei Chen, Gang Xu, Biaochuan He, Yun Teng, Jian Zhuang
BACKGROUND: In the patients with longer-segment aortic arch hypoplasia or interruption with ventricular septal defect, surgery with homograft vessel or autologous pericardial patch to augment descending aortic arch will not result in adverse reactions caused by end-to-end anastomosis. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed primary experience of surgical correction of complicated aortic arch anomaly with autologous main pulmonary artery. METHODS: From July 2010 to March 2016, the twenty-one cases of aortic arch complex anomalies were reconstructed with autologous main pulmonary artery...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008262/kinetics-of-circulating-endothelial-progenitor-cells-in-patients-undergoing-carotid-artery-surgery
#5
Günay Kalender, Angela Kornberger, Milan Lisy, Andres Beiras-Fernandez, Ulrich A Stock
AIM: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are primitive cells found in the bone marrow and peripheral blood (PB). In particular, the potential of EPCs to differentiate into mature endothelial cells remains of high interest for clinical applications such as bio-functionalized patches for autologous seeding after implantation. The objective of this study was to determine EPCs' kinetics in patients undergoing carotid artery thromboendarterectomy (CTEA) and patch angioplasty. METHODS: Twenty CTEA patients were included (15 male, mean age 76 years)...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894374/autologous-intratympanic-blood-patch-for-presumed-perilymphatic-fistulas
#6
P K Foster
OBJECTIVE: To assess an alternative to bed rest and surgery for suspected perilymphatic fistulas using intratympanic blood injections. METHOD: A review was conducted of patients' history, physical and audiometric data, before and after treatment by intratympanic blood injections performed from 2009 to 2015. RESULTS: Twelve ears were identified, with trauma associated with air travel, water sports or nose blowing. Ten of these cases had hearing loss, six had vestibular symptoms...
December 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832615/-changes-in-spinal-mri-findings-for-epidural-fluid-collection-in-the-treatment-of-intracranial-hypotension
#7
Norimitsu Nakagawa
We have experienced 30 cases of intracranial hypotension in the last three years. Spinal MRI was performed in all cases, and 27 patients demonstrated epidural fluid collection(EFC). Of these 30 patients, 6 were treated conservatively with bed rest and hydration, and 24 were treated with epidural blood patch(EBP). Twenty-two patients were cured, 4 were improved significantly, and 4 were improved partially. We examined spinal MR images of 22 patients after 3 months of treatment. The EFC wasn't visible in 11 cases;however, residual EFC was found in the 11 remaining cases...
November 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803156/effectiveness-of-chemical-pleurodesis-in-spontaneous-pneumothorax-recurrence-prevention-a-systematic-review
#8
R J Hallifax, A Yousuf, H E Jones, J P Corcoran, I Psallidas, N M Rahman
OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous pneumothorax is a common pathology. International guidelines suggest pleurodesis for non-resolving air leak or recurrence prevention at second occurrence. This study comprehensively reviews the existing literature regarding chemical pleurodesis efficacy. DESIGN: We systematically reviewed the literature to identify relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs), case-control studies and case series. We described the findings of these studies and tabulated relative recurrence rates or ORs (in studies with control groups)...
November 1, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476571/-acquired-left-ventricular-right-atrial-communication-due-to-infective-endocarditis-report-of-a-case
#9
Yoshie Sakasai, Akinobu Sasaki, Osamu Shigeta, Yasuaki Tsumagari, Hidekazu Tsuneoka, Masako Misaki, Noriyuki Takeyasu
A 77-year-old woman presented with a 3-week history of low grade fever, appetite loss and dizziness. An electrocardiogram showed complete heart block. Echocardiography demonstrated severe aortic valve stenosis and a mass of probable vegetation 2 cm in diameter on the atrioventricular septum in the right atrium (RA), but no obvious intra-cardiac fistula. There was no growth of organism in blood cul tures. In the 4th week after admission, a harsh and continuous cardiac murmur was detected for the 1st time. Portable echocardiography revealed disappearance of the mass in the RA, and showed an intra-cardiac shunt from the left ventricle( LV) to RA...
August 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401445/parenchyma-sparing-hepatectomy-with-vascular-reconstruction-techniques-for-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-with-major-vascular-invasion
#10
Saiho Ko, Yuuki Kirihataya, Masanori Matsusaka, Tomohide Mukogawa, Hirofumi Ishikawa, Akihiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Resectability of colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) depends on major vascular involvement and is affected by chemotherapy-induced liver injury. Parenchyma-sparing with combined resection and reconstruction of involved vessels may expand the indications and safety of hepatectomy. METHODS: Of 92 patients who underwent hepatectomy for CRLM, 15 underwent major vascular resection and reconstruction. The reconstructed vessels were the portal vein (PV) in five cases, the major hepatic vein (HV) in nine cases, and the inferior vena cava in six cases...
August 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212974/the-efficacy-and-economical-benefits-of-blood-patch-pleurodesis-in-secondary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-patients
#11
Serdar Evman, Levent Alpay, Serda Metin, Hakan Kıral, Mine Demir, Murat Yalçinsoy, Volkan Baysungur, Irfan Yalçinkaya
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged air leak in secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) patients remains one of the biggest challenges for thoracic surgeons. This study investigates the feasibility, effectiveness, clinical outcomes, and economical benefits of the autologous blood patch pleurodesis method in SSP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: First-episode SSP patients undergoing autologous blood patch pleurodesis for resistant air leak following underwater-seal thoracostomy, between January 2010 and June 2013 were taken into the study...
March 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149484/predictors-of-the-treatment-response-of-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-to-an-epidural-blood-patch
#12
Myong-Hwan Karm, Jae-Hyung Choi, Doohwan Kim, Jun Young Park, Hye Joo Yun, Jeong Hun Suh
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is characterized by postural headache because of low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and radioisotope (RI) cisternography can be used to identify the site of a CSF leakage. Although autologous epidural blood patch (EBP) is a very effective treatment modality, some patients require a repeat autologous EBP. We investigated whether autologous EBP responses correlate with surrogate markers of quantitative findings.All cases of autologous EBP for SIH from January 2006 to December 2014 were enrolled...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105052/nonclotted-blood-patch-technique-reduces-pneumothorax-and-chest-tube-placement-rates-after-percutaneous-lung-biopsies
#13
Joshua D Clayton, Brett M Elicker, Karen G Ordovas, Maureen P Kohi, Janet Nguyen, David M Naeger
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether autologous nonclotted blood patch decreases pneumothorax and chest tube placement rates in computed tomography-guided biopsies of the lung. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Percutaneous computed tomography-guided lung biopsies performed over a period of 6 years were retrospectively reviewed to determine the overall rates of pneumothorax and chest tube placement and rates before and after the autologous nonclotted blood patch procedure was instituted as a departmental policy...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066348/efficacy-of-epidural-blood-patch-with-fibrin-glue-additive-in-refractory-headache-due-to-intracranial-hypotension-preliminary-report
#14
Justin J Elwood, Misha Dewan, Jolene M Smith, Bahram Mokri, William D Mauck, Jason S Eldrige
BACKGROUND: Injection of fibrin glue mixed with blood into the epidural space to reliably and effectively treat medically refractory orthostatic headache caused by spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and subsequent intracranial hypotension has recently been described. The study described in this article utilizes an analogous technique to gauge the therapeutic reproducibility of this novel technique. METHODS: Eight patients with medically refractory headache resulting from intracranial hypotension caused by spinal CSF leaks received epidural injections of combined fibrin glue, autologous blood, and Isovue contrast at the L1-2 vertebral level using intermittent fluoroscopic guidance...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914140/intracranial-hypotension-secondary-to-spinal-pathology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Kamyar Sartip, Gregory McKenna, Michael Spina, Stephen Grahovac
Spinal pathology resulting in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak and intracranial hypotension is an infrequently reported and a potentially severe cause of headaches. We present a case of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak caused by a thoracic disk herniation successfully treated with two targeted epidural blood patches. Although patients typically present with orthostatic headaches, the imaging findings of intracranial hypotension should prompt investigation of the spine for site and cause of the CSF leakage. Treatment includes autologous blood patch and surgery in refractory cases...
April 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26831535/transpedicular-surgical-approach-for-the-management-of-thoracic-osteophyte-induced-intracranial-hypotension-refractory-to-non-operative-modalities-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Debadutta Dash, Ali Jalali, Viraat Harsh, Ibrahim Omeis
PURPOSE: In this article, we aim to describe the presentation and management of a case of spontaneous intracranial hypotension caused by a dural tear from a ventral thoracic osteophyte at the T12 level that was refractory to non-surgical treatment modalities. A review of the literature has been performed. Also a proposal of diagnostic and treatment algorithm is presented. Intracranial hypotension and CSF leak as a result of dural tear is a common phenomenon. However, the detection of the source of CSF leak from a thoracic spinal osteophyte has rarely been reported...
May 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26735156/acute-vision-loss-secondary-to-epidural-blood-patch-terson-syndrome
#17
Gabriel L Pagani-Estévez, John J Chen, James C Watson, Jacqueline A Leavitt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lumbar epidural blood patch (EBP) is a commonly used procedure to treat postdural puncture headache. We present a case of vision loss immediately following an EBP. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old woman with idiopathic intracranial hypertension received an EBP for postdural puncture headache at an outside facility without fluoroscopic guidance and in the seated position. The patient experienced syncope during the procedure as 25 mL of autologous blood was rapidly injected...
March 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26435772/autologous-tissue-patch-rich-in-stem-cells-created-in-the-subcutaneous-tissue
#18
Ignacio Garcia-Gomez, Krishnamurthy P Gudehithlu, Jose A L Arruda, Ashok K Singh
AIM: To investigate whether we could create natural autologous tissue patches in the subcutaneous space for organ repair. METHODS: We implanted the following three types of inert foreign bodies in the subcutaneous tissue of rats to produce autologous tissue patches of different geometries: (1) a large-sized polyvinyl tube (L = 25 mm, internal diameter = 7 mm) sealed at both ends by heat application for obtaining a large flat piece of tissue patch for organ repair; (2) a fine polyvinyl tubing (L = 25 mm, internal diameter = 3 mm) for creating cylindrically shaped grafts for vascular or nerve repair; and (3) a slurry of polydextran particle gel for inducing a bladder-like tissue...
September 26, 2015: World Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26257984/c1-c2-cryptic-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-directly-identified-by-pressurized-radionuclide-cisternography-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Stephanie Reed Falatko, Prashant Kelkar, Pradeep Setty, Doris Tong, Teck Mun Soo
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic postural headaches may suffer from spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH). Trauma, degenerative disc spurring and connective tissue disorders are documented risk factors; in most cases there is no inciting event. Despite sophisticated means of evaluating the neuraxis, many cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are radiographically occult and treatment is focused on thoracic and cervical-thoracic regions. Although lumbar epidural blood patch (EBP) is the initial treatment of choice after failed conservative management, several studies document the need for treatment aimed at the specific leak area...
2015: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26218937/thoracic-epidural-blood-patches-in-the-treatment-of-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-a-retrospective-case-series
#20
Paolo Feltracco, Helmut Galligioni, Stefania Barbieri, Carlo Ori
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) results from leaks developing in the dura mater. The major symptom is orthostatic headache which gradually disappears after lying down. Lumbar epidural blood patches (EBPs) can be effective in relieving headaches, however, thoracic and cervical EBPs have also been applied to alleviate the symptoms. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: Retrospective collection of the main characteristics of SIH, site and amount of blood injection, and clinical outcomes of 18 patients who underwent thoracic EBPs for intractable SIH...
July 2015: Pain Physician
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