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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792241/efficacy-of-digital-cbt-for-insomnia-to-reduce-depression-across-demographic-groups-a-randomized-trial
#1
Philip Cheng, Annemarie I Luik, Cynthia Fellman-Couture, Edward Peterson, Christine L M Joseph, Gabriel Tallent, Kieulinh Michelle Tran, Brian K Ahmedani, Timothy Roehrs, Thomas Roth, Christopher L Drake
BACKGROUND: Insomnia and depression are highly comorbid and mutually exacerbate clinical trajectories and outcomes. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) effectively reduces both insomnia and depression severity, and can be delivered digitally. This could substantially increase the accessibility to CBT-I, which could reduce the health disparities related to insomnia; however, the efficacy of digital CBT-I (dCBT-I) across a range of demographic groups has not yet been adequately examined...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791593/efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Zhong-Rui Ma, Li-Jun Shi, Ming-Hong Deng
Insomnia is highly prevalent in children and adolescents. However, the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) in children and adolescents remains controversial. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of CBT-i in children and adolescents. We conducted a search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to select primary studies evaluating CBT-i in children and adolescents that were primarily diagnosed through standardized diagnostic criteria...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789087/individual-differences-in-adaptability-to-isolated-confined-and-extreme-environments
#3
Paul T Bartone, Gerald P Krueger, Jocelyn V Bartone
INTRODUCTION: Future deep space missions will expose astronauts to more intense stressors than previously encountered. Isolation will be greater and more prolonged, living and work areas more confined, and communications and resupply channels to Earth longer and less reliable. Astronauts will need to function more autonomously, with less guidance and support from Earth. Thus, it is important to select and train astronauts who can adapt and function effectively under extreme and variable conditions...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789012/novel-tnf-receptor-1-inhibitors-identified-as-potential-therapeutic-candidates-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Rachel K Rowe, Jordan L Harrison, Hongtao Zhang, Adam D Bachstetter, David P Hesson, Bruce F O'Hara, Mark I Greene, Jonathan Lifshitz
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) begins with the application of mechanical force to the head or brain, which initiates systemic and cellular processes that are hallmarks of the disease. The pathological cascade of secondary injury processes, including inflammation, can exacerbate brain injury-induced morbidities and thus represents a plausible target for pharmaceutical therapies. We have pioneered research on post-traumatic sleep, identifying that injury-induced sleep lasting for 6 h in brain-injured mice coincides with increased cortical levels of inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788390/cognitive-performance-as-predictor-and-outcome-of-adolescent-bariatric-surgery-a-nonrandomized-pilot-study
#5
Eleanor R Mackey, Marni Jacobs, Evan P Nadler, Alexandra Olson, Alaina Pearce, J Bradley C Cherry, Sheela N Magge, Michele Mietus-Snyer, Chandan Vaidya
Objectives: Evidence in adults suggests that improvements in cognitive performance may follow weight loss resulting from bariatric surgery, and baseline cognitive performance may be associated with weight loss following surgery. This has not been evaluated in adolescents. Method: Participants were 38 adolescents of age 14-21 years composed of three groups: (1) 12 adolescents with severe obesity who received vertical sleeve gastrectomy during the study (VSG); (2) 14 adolescents with severe obesity who were wait-listed for VSG (WL); and (3) 12 healthy weight controls (HC)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788128/sleep-patterns-and-problems-among-army-national-guard-soldiers
#6
Lucas P Hansen, Caroline Kinskey, Erin Koffel, Melissa Polusny, John Ferguson, Sonja Schmer-Galunder, Christopher R Erbes
Introduction: Adequate sleep plays an integral role in the physical and mental health of individuals, while simultaneously influencing their cognitive and work performance. Having recognized this, the U.S. Army has focused efforts on improving soldiers' healthy sleep behaviors. This study examines the extent to which mental health, alcohol use, and certain sleep hygiene behaviors predict sleep problems within an Army National Guard sample (N = 438). Materials and Methods: This manuscript is part of a larger study approved through the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center Institutional Review Board...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788062/strained-bedfellows-an-actor-partner-analysis-of-spousal-attachment-insecurity-and-sleep-quality
#7
Robert G Kent de Grey, Bert N Uchino, Paula R Pietromonaco, Jasara N Hogan, Timothy W Smith, Sierra Cronan, Ryan Trettevik
Background: The quality of interpersonal ties-especially closer relationships-appears to be associated with physical health outcomes. Sleep is one pathway through which relationships and health appear to be linked, but this has been inadequately investigated in the context of dyadic attachment. Purpose: The present study examined links between relationship-specific attachment anxiety (which can involve preoccupation with one's partner, negative relationship cognitions, and fear of abandonment) and avoidance (e...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787937/can-working-memory-training-improve-children-s-sleep
#8
Jon Quach, Megan Spencer-Smith, Peter J Anderson, Gehan Roberts
BACKGROUND: Improving children's sleep could lead to significant benefits in several functional domains. Recent research in adults suggests that intensive, adaptive cognitive training may be beneficial in improving sleep, although there is limited understanding whether this approach yields similar results in children. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a working memory training program improved sleep latency, sleep problems, and sleep duration on school and nonschool nights and whether there was a differential effect of the timing of training during the school day on sleep outcomes...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787701/the-effect-of-sleep-quality-on-academic-performance-is-mediated-by-internet-use-time-dados-study
#9
Mireia Adelantado-Renau, Ana Diez-Fernandez, Maria Reyes Beltran-Valls, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Diego Moliner-Urdiales
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to analyze the association of sleep patterns with academic and cognitive performance in adolescents, and to test the potential mediating effect of different activities of screen media usage on this association. METHODS: A sample of 269 adolescents (140 boys) aged 14 years from the baseline data of the DADOS (Deporte, ADOlescencia y Salud). Study completed questionnaires about sleep quality, cognitive performance, and leisure-time sedentary behaviors...
May 19, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785710/insomnia-in-community-living-persons-with-advanced-age
#10
Brienne Miner, Thomas M Gill, H Klar Yaggi, Nancy S Redeker, Peter H Van Ness, Ling Han, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiology of insomnia, including demographic and clinical correlates, in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Yale Precipitating Events Project participants (N=379; mean age 84.3; 67.8% female; 11.9% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), with scores of 8 and higher indicating insomnia, which was further stratified according to ISI score as mild (8-14), moderate (15-21), or severe (22-28)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784561/parkinson-s-disease-phenotype-is-influenced-by-the-severity-of-the-mutations-in-the-gba-gene
#11
Avner Thaler, Noa Bregman, Tanya Gurevich, Tamara Shiner, Yonatan Dror, Ofir Zmira, Ziv Gan-Or, Anat Bar-Shira, Mali Gana-Weisz, Avi Orr-Urtreger, Nir Giladi, Anat Mirelman
OBJECTIVE: Mutations in the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene are divided into mild and severe (mGBA, sGBA) based on their contribution to the phenotype of Gaucher disease (GD) among homozygotes. We conducted a longitudinal analysis of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients carrying mutations in the GBA gene to better characterize genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: Patients underwent a comprehensive assessment of medical, neurological, cognitive and non-motor functions...
May 17, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783936/identifying-and-assessing-the-benefits-of-interventions-for-postnatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations
#12
Binu Gurung, Louise J Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth, Tracy E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, there is a need to include outcomes for all those affected and to include health and non-health outcomes for accurate estimates of cost-effectiveness. This study aimed to identify interventions to prevent or treat PND for which an economic evaluation had been conducted and to evaluate the health and non-health outcomes included...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783103/sleep-spindles-and-cognitive-performance-across-adolescence-a-meta-analytic-review
#13
C M Reynolds, M A Short, M Gradisar
Higher sleep spindle activity generally relates to better cognitive performance in adults, while studies in children often show the opposite. As children become young adults, there is rapid brain maturation and development of higher-order cognitive functions, and therefore investigations within this age group may elucidate the relationship between spindles and cognition in this developmental period. Twelve studies published between 2009 and 2016 were identified. Meta-analyses revealed a positive relationship between spindles and cognition overall (r = 0...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782873/sleep-divergently-affects-cognitive-and-automatic-emotional-response-in-children
#14
Elaina Bolinger, Jan Born, Katharina Zinke
Sleep enhances memory for emotional experiences, but its influence on the emotional response associated with memories is elusive. Here, we compared the influence of nocturnal sleep on memory for negative and neutral pictures and the associated emotional response in 8-11-year-old children, i.e., an age group with heightened levels of emotional memory-related sleep features. During all sessions, emotional responses as measured by subjective ratings, the late positive potential of the EEG (LPP) and heart rate deceleration (HRD) were recorded...
May 18, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782319/the-relationship-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Andreia Andrade, Omonigho M Bubu, Andrew W Varga, Ricardo S Osorio
 Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are highly prevalent conditions with growing impact on our aging society. While the causes of OSA are now better characterized, the mechanisms underlying AD are still largely unknown, challenging the development of effective treatments. Cognitive impairment, especially affecting attention and executive functions, is a recognized clinical consequence of OSA. A deeper contribution of OSA to AD pathogenesis is now gaining support from several lines of research...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782311/the-independent-associations-of-physical-activity-and-sleep-with-cognitive-function-in-older-adults
#16
Ryan S Falck, John R Best, Jennifer C Davis, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests physical activity (PA) and sleep are important for cognitive health; however, few studies examining the role of PA and sleep for cognitive health have measured these behaviors objectively. OBJECTIVE: We cross-sectionally examined whether 1) higher PA is associated with better cognitive performance independently of sleep quality; 2) higher sleep quality is associated with better cognitive performance independently of PA; and 3) whether higher PA is associated with better sleep quality...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781732/role-of-positive-lifestyle-activities-on-mood-cognition-well-being-and-disease-characteristics-in-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Lauren B Strober, Alexandra Becker, John J Randolph
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#18
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779818/fighting-obesity-non-pharmacological-interventions
#19
María Fernanda Higuera-Hernández, Elena Reyes-Cuapio, Marissa Gutiérrez-Mendoza, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, André Barciela Veras, Henning Budde, Johanna Jesse, Jaime Zaldívar-Rae, Carlos Blanco-Centurión, Sérgio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez
The abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs health is one of the criteria that fulfills obesity. According to epidemiological data, obesity has become a worldwide public health problem that in turn would trigger additional pathologies such as cardiorespiratory dysfunctions, cancer, gastrointestinal disturbances, depression, sleep disorders, just to mention a few. Then, the search for a therapeutical intervention aimed to prevent and manage obesity has been the focus of study during the last years...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779682/predicting-alpha-synuclein-pathology-by-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-diagnosis
#20
David R Shprecher, Charles H Adler, Nan Zhang, Joseph G Hentz, Geidy E Serrano, Brittany N Dugger, Holly A Shill, Rodolfo Savica, John N Caviness, Marwan N Sabbagh, Christine M Belden, Erika Driver-Dunckley, Shyamal H Mehta, Lucia I Sue, Kathryn J Davis, Edward Zamrini, Thomas G Beach
Inability to accurately diagnose Lewy type alpha-synucleinopathy (LTS) pre-mortem has been a major obstacle to clinical care and research. Probable REM sleep behavior disorder (PRBD) diagnosed with support of instruments such as the Mayo Sleep Questionnaire (MSQ) may provide a cost effective means of predicting LTS. Since 2007, 602 subjects in the Arizona Study of Aging and Neurodegenerative Disorders had clinician assessment for PRBD (298 with, 304 without support of the MSQ), completed cognitive and movement examinations, and had neuropathological assessment...
May 17, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
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