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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630830/bilateral-humerus-and-right-femur-fracture-in-a-newborn-after-cesarean-section-for-breech-presentation-in-a-twin-pregnancy-a-very-rare-case-report
#1
P Rahul, Amit Rakesh Grover, S M Ajoy
INTRODUCTION: The most common fractures during vaginal delivery occur in the clavicle, humerus, and femur. Cesarean section reduces the chances of a child having a birth injury. However, in some difficult extractions, long bone fractures may occur. Cesarean section further reduces the incidence of birth injuries, especially in a breech delivery. Maneuvers employed during cesarean section, energetic traction, improper uterine incisions, and contracted uterus may cause these injuries. In the medical literature, there are few articles highlighting the occurrence of long bone fractures during cesarean section...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629615/a-simple-method-to-compare-firing-pin-marks-using-stereomicroscope-and-microsoft-office-windows-8-tools
#2
R Suresh
Pertinent marks of fired cartridge cases such as firing pin, breech face, extractor, ejector, etc. are used for firearm identification. A non-standard semiautomatic pistol and four .22rim fire cartridges (head stamp KF) is used for known source comparison study. Two test fired cartridge cases are examined under stereomicroscope. The characteristic marks are captured by digital camera and comparative analysis of striation marks is done by using different tools available in the Microsoft word (Windows 8) of a computer system...
June 7, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629247/obstetric-practice-patterns-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-fetal-trisomy-13-or-18
#3
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Marcela C Smid, Cora Mcelwain, Jeffrey A Kuller, Jay Schulkin
PURPOSE: Describe practice patterns among obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) when caring for women with pregnancy complicated by fetal trisomy 13(T13) or 18(T18), and compare these between maternal-fetal-medicine (MFM) and non-MFM providers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an electronic survey using the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists database. Using simple statistics, we describe demographics and practice patterns among respondents, and compare those of MFM practitioners with non-MFM providers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620269/cold-steel-weak-flesh-mechanism-masculinity-and-the-anxieties-of-late-victorian-empire
#4
Michael Brown
This article considers the reception and representation of advanced military technology in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Britain. It argues that technologies such as the breech-loading rifle and the machine gun existed in an ambiguous relationship with contemporary ideas about martial masculinities and in many cases served to fuel anxieties about the physical prowess of the British soldier. In turn, these anxieties encouraged a preoccupation in both military and popular domains with that most visceral of weapons, the bayonet, an obsession which was to have profound consequences for British military thinking at the dawn of the First World War...
March 15, 2017: Cultural and Social History: the Journal of the Social History Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616222/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-cause-of-postoperative-leg-pain-after-posterior-lumbar-fusion
#5
R Daureeawoo, S Baliga, W Mohahmed, E B Ahmed
We report the case of a 36-year old man who underwent elective posterior lumbar spinal fusion after presenting with bilateral leg pain with associated back pain. He had undergone a L5/S1 discectomy in 2001, which provided good symptomatic relief. On this admission, he underwent elective L4-S1 posterolateral fusion and bilateral L4/5 and L5/S1 decompression. Intra-operatively a pedicle screw had to be re-inserted after fluoroscopy confirmed a lateral breech. The patient had no major postoperative complications until the sixth day when the patient re-presented with acute leg pain and weakness...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606111/is-time-of-birth-a-predictor-of-adverse-perinatal-outcome-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study-in-a-low-resource-setting-tanzania
#6
Andrew Mgaya, Januarius Hinju, Hussein Kidanto
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent evidence of a higher risk of adverse perinatal outcomes during off-hours compared to office hours necessitated a search for clear evidence of an association between time of birth and adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted at a tertiary referral hospital compared perinatal outcomes across three working shifts over 24 h. A checklist and a questionnaire were used to record parturients' socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics, mode of delivery and perinatal outcomes, including 5th minute Apgar score, and early neonatal mortality...
June 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600050/labor-induction-just-after-external-cephalic-version-with-epidural-analgesia-at-term
#7
Marcos J Cuerva, Carlos S Piñel, Javier Caceres, Jose A Espinosa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the benefits of external cephalic version (ECV) with epidural analgesia at term and labor induction just after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study with patients who did not want trying a breech vaginal delivery and decided trying an ECV with epidural analgesia at term and wanted labor induction or cesarean section after the procedure. We present the results of 40 ECV with epidural analgesia at term and labor induction or cesarean section just after the ECV...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573696/there-is-a-place-in-current-obstetric-practice-for-planned-vaginal-breech-birth
#8
Andrew Bisits
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573693/term-breech-delivery-is-recommending-vaginal-birth-a-breach-of-best-practice
#9
Sean K M Seeho, Tanya A Nippita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528277/determining-the-number-of-test-fires-needed-to-represent-the-variability-present-within-9mm-luger-firearms
#10
Eric F Law, Keith B Morris, Casey M Jelsema
Many studies have been performed in recent years in the field of firearm examination with the goal of providing an objective method for comparisons of fired cartridge cases. No published research to support the number of test fires needed to represent the variability present within the impressions left on a cartridge case could be found. When a suspect firearm is submitted to a firearm examiner, typically two to four test fires are performed. The recovered cartridge cases are compared to each other to determine which characteristics from the firearm are reproducing, and then compared to any cartridge cases collected at a crime scene...
May 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526027/description-of-inter-institutional-referrals-after-admission-for-labor-and-delivery-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study-in-rural-maharashtra-india
#11
Archana B Patel, Amber Abhijeet Prakash, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Yamini V Pusdekar, Patricia L Hibberd
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Indian government introduced financial assistance to encourage health facility deliveries. Facility births have increased, but maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality have not decreased raising questions about the quality of care provided in facilities and access to a quality referral system. We evaluated the potential role of inter-institutional transfers of women admitted for labor and delivery on adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in an ongoing prospective, population-based Maternal and Newborn Health Registry in Central India...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512470/predictors-of-cephalic-vaginal-delivery-following-external-cephalic-version-an-eight-year-single-centre-study-of-447-cases
#12
Natalie Kew, Jacobus DuPlessis, Domenic La Paglia, Katherine Williams
Introduction. Our study aims to investigate and evaluate (1) rates of success of ECV for breech presentation at term at the Royal Women's Hospital in comparison to international standards; (2) mode of delivery following ECV; (3) factors influencing success rates of ECV at the Royal Women's Hospital. Methods. An audit of all women who underwent ECV between the years 2007 and 2014 at the Royal Women's Hospital as public patients was completed. Data parameters were collected from paper and electronic patient files at the Women's Hospital...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481464/finding-the-breech-influence-of-breech-presentation-on-mode-of-delivery-based-on-timing-of-diagnosis-attempt-at-external-cephalic-version-and-provider-success-with-version
#13
Suzanne Andrews, Lawrence Leeman, Nicole Yonke
BACKGROUND: Breech presentation affects 3-4% of pregnancies at term and malpresentation is the primary indication for 10-15% of cesarean deliveries. External cephalic version is an effective intervention that can decrease the need for cesarean delivery; however, timely identification of breech presentation is required. We hypothesized that women with a fetus in a breech presentation that is diagnosed after 38 weeks' estimated gestational age have a decreased likelihood of external cephalic version attempted and an increased likelihood of cesarean delivery...
May 8, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479005/-risk-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-patients-subjected-to-the-external-cephalic-version
#14
Nerea Sarmiento Carrera, Eva González Colmenero, José Luis Vázquez Castelo, Ana Concheiro Guisán, Emilio Couceiro Naveira, José Ramón Fernández Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) refers to the spectrum of abnormalities of maturation and development of the hip. Breech presentation is associated with DDH. This risk factor can be modified by external cephalic version (ECV). The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of DDH in patients who successfully underwent ECV, as well as to evaluate need for these children (breech for a period during gestation) to be included in the DDH screening protocol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in the Hospital Universitario de Vigo from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015...
May 3, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473516/is-vaginal-breech-delivery-associated-with-higher-risk-for-perinatal-death-and-cerebral-palsy-compared-with-vaginal-cephalic-birth-registry-based-cohort-study-in-norway
#15
Solveig Bjellmo, Guro L Andersen, Marit Petra Martinussen, Pål Richard Romundstad, Sissel Hjelle, Dag Moster, Torstein Vik
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to study if vaginal breech delivery is associated with increased risk for neonatal mortality (NNM) or cerebral palsy (CP) in Norway where vaginal delivery accounts for 1/3 of all breech deliveries. DESIGN: Cohort study using information from the national Medical BirthRegister and Cerebral Palsy Register. SETTING: Births in Norway 1999-2009. PARTICIPANTS: 520 047 term-born singletons without congenital malformations...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471964/prenatal-perinatal-and-postnatal-factors-associated-with-autism-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Chengzhong Wang, Hua Geng, Weidong Liu, Guiqin Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors for children autism. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science were used to search for studies that examined the prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal risk factors for children autism. A fixed-effects model or random-effects model was used to pool the overall effect estimates. RESULTS: Data from 37,634 autistic children and 12,081,416 nonautistic children enrolled in 17 studies were collated...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468724/in-search-of-a-resident-centered-handoff-tool-discovering-the-complexity-of-transitions-of-care
#17
Meredith Barrett, David Turer, Hadley Stoll, David T Hughes, Gurjit Sandhu
INTRODUCTION: Transfer of a patient's care between providers is a significant potential for medical errors. Given the potential for patient safety breeches we sought to investigate residents' perceptions of handoffs at our institution. METHODS: Residents completed an online survey assessing the effectiveness of handoffs and what they thought was necessary for safe and informative transition communication. Thematic analysis was used to identify critical themes. RESULTS: 78% of residents reported formal training in handoff delivery...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457095/cesarean-scar-pregnancy-and-morbidly-adherent-placenta-different-or-similar
#18
Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Yaakov Melcer, Orna Levinsohn-Tavor, Josef Tovbin, Zvi Vaknin, Ron Maymon
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) may represent a continuum of the same disease. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and compare the prior risk factors in women with either CSP or MAP. METHODS: The study included 33 women diagnosed with CSP in our department between 2006 and 2014. For each CSP case, two pregnant patients with MAP were matched for hospitalization date from delivery ward records, constituting the control group...
March 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452133/blinded-ultrasonic-fetal-biometry-at-36-weeks-and-the-risk-of-emergency-caesarean-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-3-047-low-risk-nulliparous-women
#19
Ulla Sovio, Gordon C S Smith
OBJECTIVES: We studied the risk of emergency caesarean delivery (CD) using blinded ultrasonographic estimated fetal weight (EFW) at 36 weeks of gestational age (wkGA): (1) to compare the association for customised and non-customised EFW, (2) to determine whether adding ultrasonic EFW improved prediction based on maternal characteristics alone, and (3) to determine whether women at high predicted risk of emergency CD had higher risks of maternal and perinatal morbidity than other women...
April 28, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449212/predictors-of-success-of-external-cephalic-version-and-cephalic-presentation-at-birth-among-1-253-women-with-non-cephalic-presentation-using-logistic-regression-and-classification-tree-analyses
#20
Eileen K Hutton, Julia C Simioni, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Among women with a fetus in non-cephalic presentation, external cephalic version (ECV) has been shown to reduce the rate of breech presentation at birth and cesarean birth. Compared to ECV at term, beginning ECV prior to 37 weeks gestation decreases the number of infants in a non-cephalic presentation at birth. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to investigate factors associated with a successful ECV procedure and to present this in a clinically useful format. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Early ECV Pilot and Early ECV2 Trials, which randomised 1,776 women with a fetus in breech presentation to either early ECV (34 to 36 weeks gestation) or delayed ECV (at or after 37 weeks)...
April 27, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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