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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136018/adverse-obstetric-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-uterine-fibroids-in-china-a-multicenter-survey-involving-112-403-deliveries
#1
Rong Zhao, Xin Wang, Liying Zou, Guanghui Li, Yi Chen, Changdong Li, Weiyuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between uterine fibroids and adverse obstetric outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of 112,403 deliveries from 14 provinces and 39 different hospitals in 2011 in mainland China. We compared pregnancy outcomes in women with and without uterine fibroids who underwent detailed second trimester obstetric ultrasonography during 18 to 22 weeks. Obstetric outcomes include cesarean delivery, breech presentation, preterm delivery, placenta previa, placental abruption, premature rupture of membranes and neonatal birthweight...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108061/genetic-correlations-between-wool-traits-and-meat-quality-traits-in-merino-sheep
#2
S I Mortimer, S Hatcher, N M Fogarty, J H J van der Werf, D J Brown, A A Swan, R H Jacob, G H Geesink, D L Hopkins, J E Hocking Edwards, E N Ponnampalam, R D Warner, K L Pearce, D W Pethick
Genetic correlations between 29 wool production and quality traits and 25 meat quality and nutritional value traits were estimated for Merino sheep from an Information Nucleus (IN). Genetic correlations among the meat quality and nutritional value traits are also reported. The IN comprised 8 flocks linked genetically and managed across a range of sheep production environments in Australia. The wool traits included over 5,000 yearling and 3,700 adult records for fleece weight, fiber diameter, staple length, staple strength, fiber diameter variation, scoured wool color, and visual scores for breech and body wrinkle...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080521/a-convergence-algorithm-for-correlation-of-breech-face-images-based-on-the-congruent-matching-cells-cmc-method
#3
Zhe Chen, John Song, Wei Chu, Johannes A Soons, Xuezeng Zhao
The Congruent Matching Cells (CMC) method was invented at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for accurate firearm evidence identification and error rate estimation. The CMC method is based on the principle of discretization. The toolmark image of the reference sample is divided into correlation cells. Each cell is registered to the cell-sized area of the compared image that has maximum surface topography similarity. For each resulting cell pair, one parameter quantifies the similarity of the cell surface topography and three parameters quantify the pattern congruency of the registration position and orientation...
September 8, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078946/labor-and-delivery-of-twin-pregnancies
#4
REVIEW
Stephanie Melka, James Miller, Nathan S Fox
Obstetricians who care for twin pregnancies should be aware of the challenges that may arise during the labor and delivery. With recognition of these issues and proper training, providers should be able to help women with twin pregnancies achieve a safe delivery for them and their babies. With the use of breech extraction of the second twin and active management of the second stage of labor, women with twin pregnancies can also achieve a high vaginal delivery rate of both twins.
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078161/an-evaluation-of-the-discriminating-power-of-an-integrated-ballistics-identification-system-%C3%A2-heritage%C3%A2-system-with-the-nist-standard-cartridge-case-standard-reference-material-2461
#5
Keith B Morris, Eric F Law, Roger L Jefferys, Elizabeth C Dearth, Emily B Fabyanic
Through analysis and comparison of firing pin, breech face, and ejector impressions, where appropriate, firearm examiners may connect a cartridge case to a suspect firearm with a certain likelihood in a criminal investigation. When a firearm is not present, an examiner may use the Integrated Ballistics Identification System (IBIS(®)), an automated search and retrieval system coupled with the National Integrated Ballistics Information Network (NIBIN), a database of images showing the markings on fired cartridge cases and bullets from crime scenes along with test fired firearms...
October 14, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049234/case-report-features-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-neonates
#6
Wen-Wen Chen, Zhao-Bin Yang, Lian-Shu Lian, Li-Ping Xu
RATIONALE: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused by enterovirus. The virus may exist in secretions. PATIENT CONCERNS: Five neonates had symptoms of fever and maculopapular rashes involving face, trunk, breech, arms, and legs, especially scattering on palms and feet. Blood, oropharyngeal fluid, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were collected and detected for further diagnoses with the consent of the infants' parents. Some of them suffered aseptic meningitis...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041923/fetal-heart-rate-abnormalities-during-and-after-external-cephalic-version-which-fetuses-are-at-risk-and-how-are-they-delivered
#7
Simone M Kuppens, Ida Smailbegovic, Saskia Houterman, Ingrid de Leeuw, Tom H Hasaart
BACKGROUND: Fetal heart rate abnormalities (FHR) during and after external cephalic version (ECV) are relatively frequent. They may raise concern about fetal wellbeing. Only occasionally they may lead to an emergency cesarean section. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in 980 women (> 34 weeks gestation) with a singleton fetus in breech presentation. During and after external cephalic version (ECV) FHR abnormalities were recorded. Obstetric variables and delivery outcome were evaluated...
October 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033614/fusion-of-lower-limbs-with-severe-urogenital-malformation-in-a-newborn-a-rare-congenital-clinical-syndrome-case-report
#8
Fatemah Al Hadhoud, Abeer H Kamal, Abdulmohsen Al Anjari, Michael Fe Diejomaoh
BACKGROUND: Fused lower limbs combined with severe urogenital malformation, also known as sirenomelia, is a rare congenital clinical syndrome. The etiology is unknown, and the outcome for the affected fetus is rather uncertain. CASE REPORT: Mrs RB, a Kuwaiti woman primigravida, married to a non-consanguineous husband, had uneventful antenatal care in a private health service, until she was admitted to the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait, at 31 weeks of gestation with a 3-hour history of ruptured membranes...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020782/-external-cephalic-version-after-36th-week-of-gestationanalysis-of-women%C3%A2-s-perspective
#9
K Wágnerová, L Hruban, P Janků
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of opinions and subjective feelings of patients who have undergone an external cephalic version of a fetus in breech presentation after the 36th week of pregnancy. DESIGN: Observational analytic cohort study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Masaryk University, University Hospital Brno. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected opinions and subjective evaluation from pregnant women who underwent an attempt of external cephalic version at the department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Masaryk University in Brno in the period from 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2016 through a questionnaire...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019456/introduction-paving-the-old-new-way-from-qing-to-china
#10
Ori Sela
The funeral procession of Sheng Xuanhuai (, 1844-1916) - the renowned Qing scholar-official, financier, and "father of Chinese industrialism" - meandered through the streets of Shanghai on 18 November 1917. The funeral was a grand event, one that was purportedly documented in film, later to be distributed as the first "news short-film" () in China. The North China Herald reported on the event in some detail, at times in rather florid language, and suggested that "the cortege was splendid and impressive, bringing back the days of the Manchu emperors...
September 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018972/birth-management-and-fetal-outcome-in-multiple-gestation-analysis-of-1-444-births
#11
S Fill Malfertheiner, M Weigl, A Dudakova, B Seelbach-Göbel
PURPOSE: Since the late 1990s, controversies came up concerning the mode of delivery for multiples births. The twin birth study indicated no difference in maternal and fetal outcome between planned vaginal delivery and planned caesarean section, but did not analyze the influence of maternal and fetal characteristics or the obstetric management in vaginal birth. The purpose of this study is to analyze these parameters regarding fetal outcome. METHODS: A large-scale retrospective analysis of twin births (n = 1...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988555/mid-season-targeted-selective-anthelmintic-treatment-based-on-flexible-weight-gain-threshold-for-nematode-infection-control-in-dairy-calves
#12
A Merlin, N Ravinet, A Madouasse, N Bareille, A Chauvin, C Chartier
The suitability of a single mid-season targeted selective treatment (TST) for gastrointestinal nematodes control, based on flexible average daily weight gain (ADWG) thresholds, was investigated in 23 groups of first grazing season calves. In each group, animals were weighed three times: before turnout, at mid-season and at housing. Just after the first weighing, each group was divided in two homogenous sub-groups in terms of age, breed and weight, and randomly allocated to one of two sub-groups intented for two different mid-season anthelmintic treatment strategies: (1) a treatment of all calves composing the sub-group (whole-group treatment (WT)) or (2) a targeted selective weight gain-based treatment (TST) of the animals showing an individual pre-treatment ADWG inferior to the mean pre-treatment ADWG of the corresponding WT sub-group...
October 9, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987933/the-influence-of-counseling-on-the-mode-of-breech-birth-a-single-center-observational-prospective-study-in-the-netherlands
#13
Souhailla Abdessalami, Hanneke Rota, Gabriella Dias Pereira, Jan Roest, Ageeth N Rosman
OBJECTIVE: women in the Netherlands, with a fetus in breech presentation, are thoroughly counseled to make an informed choice for the mode of delivery. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of counseling techniques on women's choices for the mode of delivery and subsequently to compare fetal and maternal outcomes of vaginal breech birth versus planned caesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: we performed an observational prospective study. Data on breech deliveries were prospectively collected...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969997/deliberate-acquisition-of-competence-in-physiological-breech-birth-a-grounded-theory-study
#14
Shawn Walker, Mandie Scamell, Pam Parker
PROBLEM: Research suggests that the skill and experience of the attendant significantly affect the outcomes of vaginal breech births, yet practitioner experience levels are minimal within many contemporary maternity care systems. BACKGROUND: Due to minimal experience and cultural resistance, few practitioners offer vaginal breech birth, and many practice guidelines and training programmes recommend delivery techniques requiring supine maternal position. Fewer practitioners have skills to support physiological breech birth, involving active maternal movement and choice of birthing position, including upright postures such as kneeling, standing, squatting, or on a birth stool...
September 29, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964728/-vaginal-delivery-in-case-of-breech-presentation-impact-of-a-service-s-incentive
#15
L Hejl, E Perdriolle-Galet, E Gauchotte, R Callec, O Morel
OBJECTIVES: The mode of delivery in podalic presentation was controvertible since the 2000s, which led to a high rate of caesarean section. In our center, the delivery mode was physician-dependent before 2012. Since 2012, the management of podalic presentations was supervised by a protocol allowing a collegiate management to promote vaginal delivery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of this policy on neonatal outcomes and obstetric practices. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out with comparison of 135 patients who gave birth in 2008 with 110 patients who gave birth in 2014, before and after the implementation of the protocol in a type III university maternity hospital...
September 27, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935489/perinatal-complications-in-patients-with-unisutural-craniosynostosis-an-international-multicentre-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Martijn J Cornelissen, Madiha Söfteland, Inge Apon, Lars Ladfors, Irene M J Mathijssen, Titia E Cohen-Overbeek, Gouke J Bonsel, Lars Kölby
PURPOSE: Craniosynostosis may lead to hampered fetal head molding and birth complications. To study the interaction between single suture craniosynostosis and delivery complications, an international, multicentre, retrospective cohort study was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All infants born between 2006 and 2012 in the Netherlands and Sweden with sagittal or metopic suture synostosis were included. All births were included as a reference population. The primary outcome measure was rate of medically assisted labor...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921813/what-is-the-safest-mode-of-birth-for-extremely-preterm-breech-singleton-infants-who-are-actively-resuscitated-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#17
Marinela Grabovac, Jehan N Karim, Tetsuya Isayama, Sugee Korale Liyanage, Sarah D McDonald
BACKGROUND: The safest delivery mode of extremely preterm breech singletons is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine safest delivery mode of actively resuscitated extremely preterm breech singletons. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Cochrane CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and ClinicalTrials. gov from 1994-May 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included studies comparing outcomes by delivery mode in actively resuscitated breech infants between 23(+0) -27(+6) weeks...
September 18, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904632/incidence-of-acetabular-dysplasia-in-breech-infants-following-initially-normal-ultrasound-the-effect-of-variable-diagnostic-criteria
#18
C M Brusalis, C T Price, W N Sankar
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the incidence of acetabular dysplasia at six months of age in patients with breech presentation and previously normal hip ultrasounds, reporting primary radiographic measurements to allow for comparison with other patient cohorts. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of breech infants with initially normal clinical examinations and hip ultrasounds was performed to determine the rate of subsequent acetabular dysplasia and to characterise the distribution of acetabular index (AI)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898615/breech-presentation-vaginal-versus-cesarean-delivery-which-intervention-leads-to-the-best-outcomes
#19
Andreia Fonseca, Rita Silva, Inês Rato, Ana Raquel Neves, Carla Peixoto, Zita Ferraz, Inês Ramalho, Ana Carocha, Nisa Félix, Sandra Valdoleiros, Ana Galvão, Daniela Gonçalves, Joana Curado, Maria João Palma, Isabel Lobo Antunes, Nuno Clode, Luís Mendes Graça
INTRODUCTION: The best route of delivery for the term breech fetus is still controversial. We aim to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes between vaginal and cesarean term breech deliveries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multicentric retrospective cohort study of singleton term breech fetuses delivered vaginally or by elective cesarean section from January 2012 - October 2014. Primary outcomes were maternal and neonatal morbidity or mortality. RESULTS: Sixty five breech fetuses delivered vaginally were compared to 1262 delivered by elective cesarean...
June 30, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889774/vaginal-breech-delivery-at-term-and-neonatal-morbidity-and-mortality-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-sweden
#20
C Ekéus, M Norman, K Åberg, S Winberg, K Stolt, A Aronsson
INTRODUCTION: The routine to deliver almost all term breech cases by elective cesarean section (CS) has continued to be debated due to the risk of maternal and neonatal complications. The aims of the study were (1) to investigate if mode of delivery impacts on the risk of morbidity and mortality among term infants in breech presentation and (2) to compare the rates of severe neonatal complications and mortality in relation to presentation and mode of delivery. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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