keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Terrorism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161065/from-nuremberg-to-guantanamo-bay-uses-of-physicians-in-the-war-on-terror
#1
Sondra S Crosby, Gilbert Benavidez
Seventy years after the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial, health professionals and lawyers working together after 9/11 played a critical role in designing, justifying, and carrying out the US state-sponsored torture program in the CIA "Black Sites" and US military detention centers, including Abu Ghraib, Bagram, and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. We analyze the similarities between the Nazi doctors and health professionals in the War on Terror and address the question of how it happened that health professionals, including doctors, psychologists, physician assistants, and nurses, acted as agents of the state to utilize their medical and healing skills to cause harm and sanitize barbarous acts, similar to (though not on the scale of) how Nazi doctors were used by the Third Reich...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159768/the-impact-of-dealing-with-the-late-effects-of-national-socialist-terror-on-west-german-psychiatric-care
#2
Felicitas Söhner, Gerhard Baader
Health damages and the late effects of NS trauma were largely ignored in German-speaking countries. This paper describes how dealing with the late effects of Nazi terror influenced post-war psychiatry in West Germany and thus the development of the psychiatric reform. As part of a greater overview study of the impulses and framework conditions of the reform-orientated development of post-war psychiatry in West Germany, this analysis is based on a thorough literary and documentary analysis. The sources show that publications by Helmut Paul and Herberg [81] as well as Baeyer et al...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149359/-preclinical-and-intrahospital-management-of-mass-casualties-and-terrorist-incidents
#3
REVIEW
A Franke, D Bieler, B Friemert, E Kollig, S Flohe
Due to the recent terrorist attacks in Paris, Brussels, Ansbach, Munich, Berlin and more recently Manchester and London, terrorism is realized as a present threat to our society and social life, as well as a challenge for the health care system. Without fueling anxiety, there is a need for sensitization to this subject and to familiarize all concerned with the special kind of terrorist attack-related injuries, the operational priorities and tactics and the individual basic principles of preclinical and hospital care...
October 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130386/searching-for-god-illness-related-mortality-threats-and-religious-search-volume-in-google-in-16-nations
#4
Brett W Pelham, Mitsuru Shimizu, Jamie Arndt, Mauricio Carvallo, Sheldon Solomon, Jeff Greenberg
We tested predictions about religiosity and terror management processes in 16 nations. Specifically, we examined weekly variation in Google search volume in each nation for 12 years (all weeks for which data were available). In all 16 nations, higher than usual weekly Google search volume for life-threatening illnesses (cancer, diabetes, and hypertension) predicted increases in search volume for religious content (e.g., God, Jesus, prayer) in the following week. This effect held up after controlling for (a) recent past and annual variation in religious search volume, (b) increases in search volume associated with religious holidays, and (c) variation in searches for a non-life-threatening illness ("sore throat")...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125159/development-of-luminescent-sensors-based-on-transition-metal-complexes-for-the-detection-of-nitroexplosives
#5
Veerasamy Sathish, Arumugam Ramdass, Murugesan Velayudham, Kuang-Lieh Lu, Pounraj Thanasekaran, Seenivasan Rajagopal
The detection of chemical explosives is a major area of research interest and is essential for the military as well as homeland security to counter the catastrophic effects of global terrorism. In recent years, tremendous effort has been devoted to the development of luminescent materials for the detection of explosives in the vapor, solution, and solid states with a high degree of selectivity and sensitivity and a rapid response time. Apart from the wide range of organic fluorescent chemosensors, transition metal complexes play a prominent role in the sensing of nitroaromatic explosives owing to their rich photophysical characteristics...
November 10, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120111/how-terrorism-affects-attitudes-toward-democracy-tunisia-in-2015
#6
Robert Andersen, Robert Brym
Tunisia is the only country that emerged from the Arab Spring as a democracy. However, Tunisian democracy is threatened by political divisions, economic problems, and the threat of terrorist attacks. We shed light on Tunisia's democratic prospects by examining (1) the degree to which major terrorist attacks in 2015 influenced Tunisian public opinion on democracy and (2) the extent to which preference for a democratic system affected opinions on the prospects for democracy in Tunisia. We use data from three waves of a nationwide survey conducted just before and just after Tunisia's first major terrorist attack, and just after the country's second major terrorist attack...
November 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119809/sleep-in-young-children-with-asthma-and-their-parents
#7
Lisa J Meltzer, Cara E Pugliese
Sleep problems are common in healthy young children, as well as in older children and adolescents with asthma; yet little is known about the sleep patterns and sleep issues of young children with asthma. Further, when young children have sleep disruptions, parental sleep is also typically disrupted. The purpose of this study was to characterize sleep in young children (one to four years) with and without asthma and their parents. Parents of young children ( n = 364) from the general community completed measures of sleep patterns and sleep issues in their children and in themselves...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119266/civilians-in-world-war-ii-and-dsm-iv-mental-disorders-results-from-the-world-mental-health-survey-initiative
#8
Rochelle Frounfelker, Stephen E Gilman, Theresa S Betancourt, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Evelyn J Bromet, Ronny Bruffaerts, Giovanni de Girolamo, Semyon Gluzman, Oye Gureje, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Yutaka Ono, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Daniela G Popovici, Margreet Ten Have, Ronald C Kessler
PURPOSE: Understanding the effects of war on mental disorders is important for developing effective post-conflict recovery policies and programs. The current study uses cross-sectional, retrospectively reported data collected as part of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative to examine the associations of being a civilian in a war zone/region of terror in World War II with a range of DSM-IV mental disorders. METHODS: Adults (n = 3370) who lived in countries directly involved in World War II in Europe and Japan were administered structured diagnostic interviews of lifetime DSM-IV mental disorders...
November 8, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115197/the-international-scenario-of-terrorism
#9
Donato Marzano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101834/mass-casualty-education-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-in-australia
#10
Jane Currie, Sarah Kourouche, Christopher Gordon, Christine Jorm, Sandra West
With the increasing risk of mass casualty incidents from extreme climate events, global terrorism, pandemics and nuclear incidents, it's important to prepare nurses with skills and knowledge necessary to manage such incidents. There are very few documented accounts of the inclusion of mass casualty education within undergraduate nursing programs. This paper is the first to describe undergraduate mass casualty nursing education in Australia. A final year Bachelor of Nursing undergraduate subject was developed...
October 28, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093432/european-society-of-cardiology-esc-annual-congress-report-from-barcelona-2017
#11
Kimio Satoh, Jun Takahashi, Yasuharu Matsumoto, Shunsuke Tatebe, Tatsuo Aoki, Yoku Kikuchi, Kiyotaka Hao, Kazuma Ohyama, Masamichi Nogi, Akira Suda, Shintaro Kasahara, Koichi Sato, Sadamitsu Ichijo, Hiroaki Shimokawa
From August 26th to 30th, the 2017 Annual Congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC 2017) was held in Barcelona, Spain. Despite the terrorism tradegy just before the ESC congress, the congress attracted many medical professionals from all over the world to discuss the recent topics in cardiovascular medicine in more than 500 sessions, including COMPASS (Cardiovascular OutcoMes for People using Anticoagulation StrategieS Trial), CANTOS (Canakinumab Anti-Inflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study), and ORION (which assessed the effect of a novel siRNA inhibitor to PCSK9 on reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol)...
November 2, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091541/a-multilevel-social-neuroscience-perspective-on-radicalization-and-terrorism
#12
Jean Decety, Clifford I Workman
Why are some people capable of sympathizing with and/or committing acts of political violence, such as attacks aimed at innocent targets? Attempts to construct terrorist profiles based on individual and situational factors, such as clinical, psychological, ethnic, and socio-demographic variables, have largely failed. Although individual and situational factors must be at work, it is clear that they alone cannot explain how certain individuals are radicalized. In this paper, we propose that a comprehensive understanding of radicalization and of how it may lead to political violence requires the integration of information across multiple levels of analysis and interdisciplinary perspectives from evolutionary theory, social, personality and cognitive psychology, political science and neuroscience...
November 1, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082532/the-impact-of-death-awareness-on-sizes-of-self-representational-objects
#13
Simon McCabe, Kenneth E Vail, Jamie Arndt
People seem to have a tendency to increase the relative size of self-representational objects. Prior research suggests that motivational factors may fuel that tendency, so the present research built from terror management theory to examine whether existential motivations - engendered by concerns about death - may have similar implications for self-relevant size biases. Specifically, across two studies (total N = 288), we hypothesized that reminders of death would lead participants to inflate the size of self-representational objects...
October 30, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079065/terrorist-stabbings-distinctive-characteristics-and-how-to-prepare-for-them
#14
Ofer Merin, Roman Sonkin, Avraham Yitzhak, Hagai Frenkel, Adi Leiba, Alon D Schwarz, Eli Jaffe
BACKGROUND: The number of terror attack incidents is on the increase worldwide. The knife is one of the weapons most commonly used among terrorists. Appropriate preparation in trauma units for coping with the increasing numbers of terrorist-inflicted stabbings is different from the preparation suitable for civilian stabbings. Therapeutic and logistic guidelines need to be adjusted to accommodate those differences. OBJECTIVES: Characterize the unique injuries related to terrorist stabbing, and suggest preparedness actions...
October 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076988/the-use-of-plant-derived-ribosome-inactivating-proteins-in-immunotoxin-development-past-present-and-future-generations
#15
REVIEW
Aleksander Rust, Lynda J Partridge, Bazbek Davletov, Guillaume M Hautbergue
Ribosome inactivating proteins (RIPs) form a class of toxins that was identified over a century ago. They continue to fascinate scientists and the public due to their very high activity and long-term stability which might find useful applications in the therapeutic killing of unwanted cells but can also be used in acts of terror. We will focus our review on the canonical plant-derived RIPs which display ribosomal RNA N-glycosidase activity and irreversibly inhibit protein synthesis by cleaving the 28S ribosomal RNA of the large 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes...
October 27, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070091/how-to-fight-terrorism-political-and-strategic-aspects
#16
Erich Vad
"Fighting terrorism is like eating soup with a fork" (Shimon Peres). Peres's quote symbolically captures the key problem of countering terrorism. 9/11 proved to be a hallmark in the global perception of modern terrorism. The following questions form the framework of the present essay: What is the essence of modern terrorism? How did it develop during the past two decades? Who are the key players within the terror framework? What are the root causes for global terrorism? How are we to deal appropriately with the global phenomenon of terrorism? Are there any solutions (short-, medium-, long-term) to terrorism? If yes, where do we have to look for them? The underlying essay provides a strategic overview of antiterrorism policy that is based on the author's years-long experience as a high-level expert and advisor within the security policy framework...
October 26, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062288/perception-of-risk-and-terrorism-related-behavior-change-dual-influences-of-probabilistic-reasoning-and-reality-testing
#17
Andrew Denovan, Neil Dagnall, Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Parker, Peter Clough
The present study assessed the degree to which probabilistic reasoning performance and thinking style influenced perception of risk and self-reported levels of terrorism-related behavior change. A sample of 263 respondents, recruited via convenience sampling, completed a series of measures comprising probabilistic reasoning tasks (perception of randomness, base rate, probability, and conjunction fallacy), the Reality Testing subscale of the Inventory of Personality Organization (IPO-RT), the Domain-Specific Risk-Taking Scale, and a terrorism-related behavior change scale...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059713/lone-actor-terrorist-attack-planning-and-preparation-a-data-driven-analysis
#18
Bart Schuurman, Edwin Bakker, Paul Gill, Noémie Bouhana
This article provides an in-depth assessment of lone actor terrorists' attack planning and preparation. A codebook of 198 variables related to different aspects of pre-attack behavior is applied to a sample of 55 lone actor terrorists. Data were drawn from open-source materials and complemented where possible with primary sources. Most lone actors are not highly lethal or surreptitious attackers. They are generally poor at maintaining operational security, leak their motivations and capabilities in numerous ways, and generally do so months and even years before an attack...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053520/plastic-surgery-management-of-victims-of-terrorist-violence-in-ankara-turkey
#19
Murat İğde, Ahmet Kaplan
Terror attacks have been progressively increasing worldwide through the present era. The management of the consequences of terrorism events is under debate in almost every scientific area. The organization and advancement of health services constitute important components of the crisis management. Similar to other specialty areas in medicine, the medical management of terrorist attacks is becoming important in terms of plastic and reconstructive surgery.Ankara, the capital of Turkey, has been subject to 2 terrorist events in public places within a year...
December 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046493/sp-current-global-standards-for-chemical-protective-clothing-how-to-choose-the-right-protection-for-the-right-job
#20
Eric VAN Wely
The first standards for chemical protective clothing (CPC) emerged mid to late 1980's and have evolved since as most standards are revisited every 5 years. Over the past years, we have also seen a strengthening of the chemical and worker protection legislation around the globe (various forms of REACH) but also protection of workers. The most prevalent standards originate under the auspices of the International Standards Organisation (ISO), European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) or under various US standards organisations (e...
October 17, 2017: Industrial Health
keyword
keyword
4527
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"