keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Terrorism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776132/universality-and-correlations-in-individuals-wandering-through-an-online-extremist-space
#1
Z Cao, M Zheng, Y Vorobyeva, C Song, N F Johnson
The "out of the blue" nature of recent terror attacks and the diversity of apparent motives highlight the importance of understanding the online trajectories that individuals follow prior to developing high levels of extremist support. Here we show that the physics of stochastic walks, with and without temporal correlation, provides a unifying description of these online trajectories. Our unique data set comprising all users of a global social media site reveals universal characteristics in individuals' online lifetimes...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773203/validation-of-semiautomatic-scoring-of-rem-sleep-without-atonia-in-patients-with-rbd
#2
D Guttowski, G Mayer, W H Oertel, K Kesper, T Rosenberg
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To evaluate REM sleep without atonia (RSWA) in REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) several automatic algorithms have been developed. We aimed to validate our algorithm (Mayer et al., 2008) in order to assess the following: (1). capability of the algorithm to differentiate between RBD, night terror (NT), somnambulism (SW), Restless legs syndrome (RLS), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), (2). the cut-off values for short (SMI) and long muscle activity (LMI), (3). which muscles qualify best for differential diagnosis, and (4)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770428/teaching-preschool-children-to-report-suspicious-packages-to-adults
#3
Michael E May, Ashley M Shayter, Ayla Schmick, Becky Barron, Meghan Doherty, Matthew Johnson
Law enforcement agencies stress that public reporting of terror-related crime is the predominant means for disrupting these actions. However, schools may be unprepared because the majority of the populace may not understand the threat of suspicious materials or what to do when they are found on school grounds. The purpose of this study was to systematically teach preschool children to identify and report suspicious packages across three experiments. In the first experiment, we used multiple exemplar training to teach children to identify the characteristics of safe and unsafe packages...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765596/an-evolutionary-perspective-on-night-terrors
#4
Sean D Boyden, Martha Pott, Philip T Starks
Night terrors, also known as sleep terrors, are an early childhood parasomnia characterized by screams or cries, behavioral manifestations of extreme fear, difficulty waking and inconsolability upon awakening. The mechanism causing night terrors is unknown, and a consistently successful treatment has yet to be documented. Here, we argue that cultural practices have moved us away from an ultimate solution: cosleeping. Cosleeping is the norm for closely related primates and for humans in non-Western cultures...
2018: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764432/post-traumatic-cognitions-and-quality-of-life-in-terrorism-victims-the-role-of-well-being-in-indirect-versus-direct-exposure
#5
Miriam Bajo, Amalio Blanco, Maria Stavraki, Beatriz Gandarillas, Ana Cancela, Blanca Requero, Darío Díaz
BACKGROUND: The effect of indirect (versus direct) exposure to a traumatic event on the quality of life of terrorist attack victims has received considerable attention in the literature. However, more research is required to examine whether the symptoms and underlying processes caused by both types of exposure are equivalent. Our main hypothesis is that well-being plays a different role depending on indirect vs. direct trauma exposure. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, eighty direct victims of 11-M terrorist attacks (people who were traveling in trains where bombs were placed) and two-hundred indirect victims (individuals highly exposed to the 11-M terrorist attacks through communications media) voluntarily participated without compensation...
May 15, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749294/questioning-the-current-public-health-approach-to-countering-violent-extremism
#6
Neil Krishan Aggarwal
Since the start of the global War on Terror, governments have used the mental health system for counterintelligence purposes. A recent manifestation of this trend is the call from policymakers and mental health researchers to screen individuals at risk for violent extremism through the public health system. Civil rights organisations have raised alarms that Muslims are being disproportionately referred to law enforcement agencies and that Muslim communities are being selected for surveillance despite government assurances that violent extremism is not exclusive to any ideology...
May 11, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747165/bones-heal-teeth-don-t-the-involvement-of-dentists-in-the-acute-and-long-term-management-of-patients-injured-in-the-manchester-arena-bomb
#7
L Timms, J May
This paper outlines the involvement of dentists in the treatment of patients following the terror attack at Manchester Arena on 22 May 2017. It predominantly describes the role of the authors - a paediatric dental consultant and maxillofacial surgery dental core trainee (DCT). As a result of the incident a number of patients suffered oro-facial injuries, with many treated at Central Manchester Foundation Trust Hospitals' Manchester Royal Infirmary and Royal Manchester Children's Hospital. The major incident response of the trust is discussed, as are the presentation of blast injuries and corresponding NHS guidance...
May 11, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736997/work-love-and-death-thought-accessibility-a-terror-management-investigation
#8
Simon McCabe, Michael Daly
Terror management theory suggests that following culturally derived scripts for valued behaviour protect people from death concerns, and conversely, not meeting standards for cultural value can weaken this protection, heightening mortality concerns. Using this conceptual framework, we examine (1) how considerations of loss of employment, a source of cultural value for many, relate to the accessibility of death-related cognition, and (2) the moderating role of job market health, and (3) involvement in close relationships...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734981/sleep-disturbances-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-with-and-without-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Timothy Baird, Sarah McLeay, Wendy Harvey, Rebecca Theal, Dayna Law, Robyn O'Sullivan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that may develop after a traumatic event, particularly combat-related trauma. Although sleep disturbance is a hallmark of PTSD, the prevalence of sleep disturbances in Australian veterans with PTSD remains uncertain. This study aimed to subjectively compare the prevalence of sleep disturbances in Australian Vietnam veterans with and without PTSD. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study compared trauma-exposed Australian Vietnam veterans with and without PTSD...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733396/trends-in-mental-health-outcomes-and-combat-exposure-among-us-marines-returning-from-iraq-afghanistan-or-other-deployments-2004-13
#10
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Alison Levin-Rector, Richard A Van Dorn, James Trudeau, Laurel L Hourani, Joel K Cartwright, Pamela K Lattimore
Background: As of 2015, more than 2.7 million US military Veterans have served in support of the Global War on Terror. The negative sequelae associated with deployment stressors and related traumas are well-documented. Although data on mental health issues are routinely collected from service members returning from deployment, these data have not been made publicly available, leaving researchers and clinicians to rely on convenience samples, outdated studies and small sample sizes. Methods: Population-based data of US Marines returning from deployment between 2004 and 2013 were analyzed, using the Post-Deployment Health Assessment...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726348/accurate-precision-radiation-medicine-a-meta-strategy-for-impacting-cancer-care-global-health-and-nuclear-policy-and-mitigating-radiation-injury-from-necessary-medical-use-space-exploration-and-potential-terrorism
#11
EDITORIAL
C Norman Coleman, Pataje G S Prasanna, Eric J Bernhard, Jeffrey C Buchsbaum, Mansoor M Ahmed, Jacek Capala, Ceferino Obcemea, Jim A Deye, David A Pistenmma, Bhadrasain Vikram, Jacques Bernier, Manjit Dosanjh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716840/terrorist-attack-in-nice-the-experience-of-general-surgeons
#12
D Massalou, C Ichai, D Mariage, P Baqué
INTRODUCTION: After the attacks in Paris, France was again struck by terrorism in the city of Nice during the night of July 14, 2016. At 22:33 in the evening, a 19-ton truck drove into the crowd of holiday celebrators. The attack resulted in 458 wounded and 86 deaths. The purpose of this study was to describe the management of patients with abdominal trauma admitted alive in our institution, in the context of a massive influx of victims. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the management of adults with abdominal trauma arising from the terrorist attack in Nice...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710562/bridging-the-gap-between-climate-change-and-maritime-security-towards-a-comprehensive-framework-for-planning
#13
Antonios D Mazaris, Basil Germond
For the past two decades, the need to shield strategic maritime interests, to tackle criminality and terrorism at or from the sea and to conserve valuable marine resources has been recognized at the highest political level. Acknowledging and accounting for the interplay between climate change, the vulnerability of coastal populations and the occurrence of maritime criminality should be part of any ocean governance process. Still, given the complex interactions between climate change and socio-economic components of the marine realm, it has become urgent to establish a solid methodological framework, which could lead to sound and effective decisions...
April 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708134/british-torture-in-the-war-on-terror
#14
Ruth Blakeley, Sam Raphael
Despite long-standing allegations of UK involvement in prisoner abuse during counterterrorism operations as part of the US-led 'war on terror', a consistent narrative emanating from British government officials is that Britain neither uses, condones nor facilitates torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment. We argue that such denials are untenable. We have established beyond reasonable doubt that Britain has been deeply involved in post-9/11 prisoner abuse, and we can now provide the most detailed account to date of the depth of this involvement...
June 2017: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697525/night-terrors-associated-with-celiac-disease
#15
Nevio Cimolai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694943/geochemical-signature-of-norm-waste-in-brazilian-oil-and-gas-industry
#16
G T De-Paula-Costa, I C Guerrante, J Costa-de-Moura, F C Amorim
The Brazilian Nuclear Energy Agency (CNEN) is responsible for any radioactive waste storage and disposal in the country. The storage of radioactive waste is carried out in the facilities under CNEN regulation and its disposal is operated, managed and controlled by the CNEN. Oil NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials) in this article refers to waste coming from oil exploitation. Oil NORM has called much attention during the last decades, mostly because it is not possible to determine its primary source due to the actual absence of a regulatory control mechanism...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694644/neurological-disease-in-the-aftermath-of-terrorism-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Harald De Cauwer, Francis J M P Somville
The purpose of our review is to discuss current knowledge on long-term sequelae and neurological disorders in the aftermath of a terrorist attack. The specific aspects of both psychological and physical effects are mentioned in more detail in this review. Also, the outcomes such as stress-related disorders, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegenerative disease are explained. Moreover, PTSD and posttraumatic structural brain changes are a topic for further investigations of the patients suffering from these attacks...
April 24, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685420/association-of-maternal-exposure-to-terror-attacks-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-schizophrenia-in-the-offspring-a-population-based-study
#18
Yael Weinstein, Itzhak Levav, Marc Gelkopf, David Roe, Rinat Yoffe, Inna Pugachova, Stephen Z Levine
This study tested the hypothesis that maternal exposure to terror attacks during pregnancy is associated with the risk of schizophrenia in the offspring. A population-based study was conducted of Israeli children born between 1975 and 1995 and that were registered in the Ministry of Interior and followed up in the Ministry of Health from birth to 2015 for the risk of schizophrenia (N = 201,048). The association between maternal exposure to terror attacks during pregnancy and the risk of schizophrenia in the offspring was quantified with relative risks (RR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) fitting Cox regression models unadjusted and adjusted for confounders...
April 20, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684937/the-swedish-school-attack-in-trollh%C3%A3-ttan
#19
Åsa Erlandsson, J Reid Meloy
This is a case report of the offender and offense characteristics of a targeted attack on a Swedish school using a sword, with a particular focus upon the offender's history, the relationship between mental disorder and ideology, and whether or not it was an act of terrorism. Findings indicate that the offender had no drug or psychiatric treatment history, but postoffense analysis suggests autism spectrum disorder, depression, and both suicidal ideation and intent. The offender planned and prepared for his attack, and the triggering event appeared to be the loss of a temporary job...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673929/sleep-disorders-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-insights-into-types-relationship-to-obesity-and-high-altitude-and-possible-lines-of-management
#20
REVIEW
Ahmed M Kabel, Amani M Al Thumali, Khayriah A Aldowiala, Raghad D Habib, Shoroq S Aljuaid, Huda A Alharthi
A sleep disorder is a medical disorder of the sleep pattern of a person that may be serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. Disruptions in sleep can be caused by a variety of causes, from teeth grinding to night terrors. Sleep disorders are usually prevalent among adolescents and young adults, possibly due to factors related to life style, dietary habits, hormonal and emotional disturbances. Other factors that may precipitate sleep disorders include environmental, psychological and genetic factors...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
keyword
keyword
4527
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"