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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708757/increased-incidence-rate-of-trauma-and-stressor-related-disorders-in-denmark-following-the-breivik-attacks-in-norway
#1
Bertel T Hansen, Peter T Dinesen, Søren D Østergaard
BACKGROUND: On July 22, 2011, Anders Breivik killed 77 adults and children in Norway. Having recently documented increases in the incidence of trauma- and stressor-related disorders in Denmark after the 9/11 attacks, we hypothesized that the Breivik attacks-due to their geographical proximity-would be followed by even larger increases in Denmark. METHODS: Using population-based data from the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register (1995-2012), we conducted an intervention analysis of the change in the incidence of trauma- and stressor-related disorders following the Breivik attacks...
July 13, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656840/team-praised-for-terror-response
#2
(no author information available yet)
The senior sister in charge of the unit where five patients were treated following the terror attack in Finsbury Park, London, has paid tribute to her team.
June 28, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650362/emergency-care-in-the-face-of-terrorism
#3
Colin A Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646248/-psychiatric-care-of-refugees-in-africa-and-the-middle-east-challenges-and-solutions
#4
REVIEW
K Adorjan, S Mulugeta, M Odenwald, D M Ndetei, A H Osman, M Hautzinger, S Wolf, M Othman, J I Kizilhan, O Pogarell, T G Schulze
Violence, flight, famine, and natural disasters as well as the absence of a psychosocial healthcare system are major psychological burdens for refugees. The level of provision of mental healthcare is particularly low in developing countries. Internally displaced people and refugees place high demands on the healthcare system because they often suffer from psychiatric disorders, such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders. We present first initiatives to improve psychiatric care in refugee camps in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Sudan...
June 23, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641601/the-impact-of-traumatic-stress-on-pavlovian-biases
#5
O T Ousdal, Q J Huys, A M Milde, A R Craven, L Ersland, T Endestad, A Melinder, K Hugdahl, R J Dolan
BACKGROUND: Disturbances in Pavlovian valuation systems are reported to follow traumatic stress exposure. However, motivated decisions are also guided by instrumental mechanisms, but to date the effect of traumatic stress on these instrumental systems remain poorly investigated. Here, we examine whether a single episode of severe traumatic stress influences flexible instrumental decisions through an impact on a Pavlovian system. METHODS: Twenty-six survivors of the 2011 Norwegian terror attack and 30 matched control subjects performed an instrumental learning task in which Pavlovian and instrumental associations promoted congruent or conflicting responses...
June 23, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613995/fear-of-self-annihilation-and-existential-uncertainty-as-predictors-of-worldview-defense-comparing-terror-management-and-uncertainty-theories
#6
Mark Rubin
Terror management theory (TMT) proposes that thoughts of death trigger a concern about self-annihilation that motivates the defense of cultural worldviews. In contrast, uncertainty theorists propose that thoughts of death trigger feelings of uncertainty that motivate worldview defense. University students (N = 414) completed measures of the chronic fear of self-annihilation and existential uncertainty as well as the need for closure. They then evaluated either a meaning threat stimulus or a control stimulus...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612450/perception-of-emotional-climate-in-a-revolution-test-of-a-multistage-theory-of-revolution-in-the-tunisian-context
#7
Bernard Rimé, Vincent Yzerbyt, Abdelwahab Mahjoub
Participation in social movements and collective action depends upon people's capacity to perceive their societal context. We examined this question in the context of Arab Spring revolutions. In a classic theory of revolution highlighting the role of collective emotions, Brinton (1938) claimed that revolutions, far from chaos, proceed in an orderly sequence involving four stages: euphoria, degradation, terror, and restoration. The emotional climate (EC) as perceived by ordinary Tunisian citizens (2,699 women and 3,816 men) was measured during the 4 years of the Tunisian revolution...
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610534/story-in-numbers-rise-in-numbers-registered-with-nhs-blood-and-transplant-after-manchester-terror-attack
#8
(no author information available yet)
Rise in numbers registering with NHS Blood and Transplant after Manchester terror attack.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610496/tributes-paid-to-nurse-who-died-while-helping-others-during-london-attack
#9
(no author information available yet)
The family of a nurse who died during the London terror attack has hailed her as a hero who 'ran towards danger' to help others.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606625/-terrorism-and-human-behavior
#10
S J Leistedt
OBJECTIVES: Theories of religion are essential for understanding current trends in terrorist activities. The aim of this work is to clarify religion's role in facilitating terror and outline in parallel with recent theoretical developments on terrorism and human behaviour. METHODS: Several databases were used such as PubCentral, Scopus, Medline and Science Direct. The search terms "terrorism", "social psychology", "religion", "evolution", and "cognition" were used to identify relevant studies in the databases...
June 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606338/forensic-intelligence-applied-to-questioned-document-analysis-a-model-and-its-application-against-organized-crime
#11
Josep De Alcaraz-Fossoul, Katherine A Roberts
The capability of forensic sciences to fight crime, especially against organized criminal groups, becomes relevant in the recent economic downturn and the war on terrorism. In view of these societal challenges, the methods of combating crime should experience critical changes in order to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the current resources available. It is obvious that authorities have serious difficulties combating criminal groups of transnational nature. These are characterized as well structured organizations with international connections, abundant financial resources and comprised of members with significant and diverse expertise...
July 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606337/patterns-of-exchange-of-forensic-dna-data-in-the-european-union-through-the-pr%C3%A3-m-system
#12
Filipe Santos, Helena Machado
This paper presents a study of the 5-year operation (2011-2015) of the transnational exchange of forensic DNA data between Member States of the European Union (EU) for the purpose of combating cross-border crime and terrorism within the so-called Prüm system. This first systematisation of the full official statistical dataset provides an overall assessment of the match figures and patterns of operation of the Prüm system for DNA exchange. These figures and patterns are analysed in terms of the differentiated contributions by participating EU Member States...
July 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603133/impact-of-terrorism-on-the-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-among-the-residents-of-khyber-bazaar-and-its-immediate-surrounding-areas-in-peshawar-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#13
Syed Asad Abbas, Asad Hassan, Shahid Ali
This study evaluated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the severity of PTSD symptoms in survivors, rescuers and witnesses of terrorist attacks on Khyber bazaar, Qissa Khawani bazaar, and All Saints Church in Peshawar city area. Cross-sectional survey is carried out on a sample of one hundred survivors, rescuers and witness of terrorist attacks using structured interviews to assess the severity of posttraumatic stress, five months after the attacks. The study period extended from January 24, 2014 to March 24, 2014 which constitutes a total of period of 8 weeks...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601203/the-care-of-thermally-injured-patients-in-operational-austere-and-mass-casualty-situations
#14
REVIEW
Booker T King, Wylan C Peterson
Burn injury affects a half million people in the United States annually. The severe thermal injury can have long-term debilitating effects. The management of burn patients in austere and operational environments is more complex. Mass casualty incidents can result in a large number of patients with multiple traumatic injuries, which often include burn injury. Appropriate triage of casualties is essential. Severely burned patients should be evacuated to a burn center if possible. Airway management and fluid resuscitation of burn patients present unique challenges...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596801/tobacco-in-post-conflict-settings-the-case-of-iraq
#15
REVIEW
Zainab Hussain, Richard Sullivan
Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death in the world, claiming six million lives each year. Although smoking prevalence is decreasing in high-income countries, many low- and middle-income countries, particularly fragile and post-conflict nations such as Iraq, are still seeing prevalence rates rising. With the evidence of higher rates of nicotine dependence in conflict and post-conflict areas, the tobacco problem only becomes more difficult for Iraq, which finds itself involved in conflicts lasting years, if not decades...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592979/sleep-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-at-pediatric-clinics
#16
Dong Soon Kim, Cho Long Lee, Young Min Ahn
PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency of childhood sleep problems at pediatric clinics in Seoul and Gyeonggi provinces. METHODS: Children (n=936) and their parents who visited 5 primary and 1 secondary pediatric outpatient clinics were invited to complete a Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire. RESULTS: Among patients, 901 (96.3%) answered questionnaires in sufficient detail for evaluation. The participant's mean age was 4.35±3.02 years (range, 0-18 years)...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591138/understanding-the-dynamics-of-terrorism-events-with-multiple-discipline-datasets-and-machine-learning-approach
#17
Fangyu Ding, Quansheng Ge, Dong Jiang, Jingying Fu, Mengmeng Hao
Terror events can cause profound consequences for the whole society. Finding out the regularity of terrorist attacks has important meaning for the global counter-terrorism strategy. In the present study, we demonstrate a novel method using relatively popular and robust machine learning methods to simulate the risk of terrorist attacks at a global scale based on multiple resources, long time series and globally distributed datasets. Historical data from 1970 to 2015 was adopted to train and evaluate machine learning models...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589831/from-downtrodden-to-influential-the-global-campaign-to-empower-nurses
#18
(no author information available yet)
Nurses have spent decades trying to shake off the image of being doctors' handmaidens, yet still the stereotype exists. In recent weeks their professionalism, skills and expertise have been highlighted by responses to terror attacks in Manchester and London, but dented by constant references in the general election campaign to nurses using food banks.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589830/swift-response
#19
(no author information available yet)
Healthcare leaders have praised the 'swift and heroic' actions of NHS staff in response to the terror attack in London last week.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589733/health-and-security-ethical-principles-for-counter-terror-policy-and-practice-in-protection-crises-and-beyond
#20
Lisa Eckenwiler, Matthew Hunt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
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