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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341860/risk-management-of-free-radicals-involved-in-air-travel-syndromes-by-antioxidants
#1
Jeum-Nam Kim, Byung-Mu Lee
Frequent air travelers and airplane pilots may develop various types of illnesses. The environmental risk factors associated with air travel syndromes (ATS) or air travel-related adverse health outcomes raised concerns and need to be assessed in the context of risk management and public health. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to determine ATS, risk factors, and mechanisms underlying ATS using scientific data and information obtained from Medline, Toxline, and regulatory agencies. Additional information was also extracted from websites of organizations, such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT), and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331345/14th-of-july-terror-attack-in-nice-france
#2
Federico Solla, Joseph Carboni, Jean Bréaud, Philippe Babe, Gilles Brézac, Nathalie Chivoret, Audrey Dupont, Arnaud Fernandez
On July 14th, 2016, a terrorist attack by truck occurred in Nice (France), during the traditional fireworks for Bastille Day. The authors present the point of view of the doctors from Lenval University Children's Hospital, which is located near the attack place and had to manage 47 casualties including 12 adults.
January 10, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329259/extreme-overvalued-beliefs-how-violent-extremist-beliefs-become-normalized
#3
Tahir Rahman
Extreme overvalued beliefs (EOB) are rigidly held, non-deusional beliefs that are the motive behind most acts of terrorism and mass shootings. EOBs are differentiated from delusions and obsessions. The concept of an overvalued idea was first described by Wernicke and later applied to terrorism by McHugh. Our group of forensic psychiatrists (Rahman, Resnick, Harry) refined the definition as an aid in the differential diagnosis seen in acts of violence. The form and content of EOBs is discussed as well as group effects, conformity, and obedience to authority...
January 12, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329047/the-connection-between-subjective-nearness-to-death-and-depressive-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-meaning-in-life
#4
Yoav S Bergman, Ehud Bodner, Ye'ela Haber
Depression is characterized by a wide range of emotional, cognitive, and physical symptoms. Two prominent features of depressive symptoms are a sense that life has no meaning on the one hand, and that life is not worth living on the other hand. In recent years, the subjective perception of how close one feels to his/her death has gained importance as a significant factor associated with various aspects of physical and psychological well-being. Thus, the current study examined the connection between subjective nearness-to-death, meaning in life, and depressive symptoms, and assessed whether meaning in life mediates the connection between subjective nearness-to-death and depressive symptoms...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320548/primed-for-death-law-enforcement-citizen-homicides-social-media-and-retaliatory-violence
#5
Vladimir Bejan, Matthew Hickman, William S Parkin, Veronica F Pozo
We examine whether retaliatory violence exists between law enforcement and citizens while controlling for any social media contagion effect related to prior fatal encounters. Analyzed using a trivariate dynamic structural vector-autoregressive model, daily time-series data over a 21-month period captured the frequencies of police killed in the line of duty, police deadly use of force incidents, and social media coverage. The results support a significant retaliatory violence effect against minorities by police, yet there is no evidence of retaliatory violence against law enforcement officers by minorities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318344/severe-casualties-from-bastille-day-attack-in-nice-france
#6
Federico Solla, Joseph Carboni, Arnaud Fernandez, Audrey Dupont, Nathalie Chivoret, Gilles Brézac, Virginie Rampal, Jean Bréaud
PURPOSE: To describe the most severe casualties from the July 14th, 2016 terror attack in Nice that were treated at the Lenval University Children's Hospital (LUCH) of Nice (France). METHODS: Retrospective study about casualties treated at LUCH from Bastille Day Attack with injuries resulting in the need for surgery, resuscitation, or death. The type of lesions and surgery, duration of hospitalizations, complications, psychological status, and outcome at discharge were collected...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316824/fear-of-communicating-fear-versus-fear-of-terrorism-a-human-rights-violation-or-a-sign-of-our-time
#7
Chika Anyanwu
At its very first session, the United Nations General Assembly, adopted Resolution 59(I) which states that "freedom of information is a fundamental human right and … the touchstone of all the freedoms to which the United Nations is consecrated". In 1948, it proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Paris. Article 19 of that Declaration states that "everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers"...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309057/macrophage-extracellular-trap-formation-promoted-by-platelet-activation-is-a-key-mediator-of-rhabdomyolysis-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#8
Koshu Okubo, Miho Kurosawa, Mako Kamiya, Yasuteru Urano, Akari Suzuki, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Koji Hase, Koichiro Homma, Junichi Sasaki, Hiroaki Miyauchi, Tatsuo Hoshino, Matsuhiko Hayashi, Tanya N Mayadas, Junichi Hirahashi
Rhabdomyolysis is a serious syndrome caused by skeletal muscle injury and the subsequent release of breakdown products from damaged muscle cells into systemic circulation. The muscle damage most often results from strenuous exercise, muscle hypoxia, medications, or drug abuse and can lead to life-threatening complications, such as acute kidney injury (AKI). Rhabdomyolysis and the AKI complication can also occur during crush syndrome, an emergency condition that commonly occurs in victims of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, and man-made disasters, such as wars and terrorism...
January 8, 2018: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301857/triage-and-the-modified-physiological-triage-tool-24-mptt-24
#9
James Vassallo, S Horne, J E Smith
Major incidents occur on a regular basis. So far in 2017, England has witnessed five terrorism-related major incidents, resulting in approximately 40 fatalities and 400 injured. Triage is a key principle in the effective management of a major incident and involves prioritising patients on the basis of their clinical acuity. This paper describes the limitations associated with existing methods of primary major incident triage and the process of developing a new and improved triage tool-the Modified Physiological Triage Tool-24 (MPTT-24)...
January 4, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300137/disabling-reenactment-imagery-after-violent-dying
#10
Edward K Rynearson
Reenactment imagery that remains fixating after violent dying is associated with diminished psychological resilience. The nonresilient teller struggles to maintain an integrative orientation within the recounting. Reestablishing the resilient capacities of pacification (mastery of terror through self-calming), partition (mastery of intrusive thoughts through self-differentiation), and perspective (mastery of self-determination through self-transcendence) is an important preparatory goal with intervention. Without these resilient capacities, premature exposure increases the risk that patients will experience a dysfunctional merger with the possessive reenactment representation...
January 4, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295026/the-interaction-of-extremist-propaganda-and-anger-as-predictors-of-violent-responses
#11
Neil Shortland, Elias Nader, Nicholas Imperillo, Kyrielle Ross, Jared Dmello
In this study, and with a view to extending upon existing findings on the effects of general violent media on violent cognitions, we experimentally measured the relationship between exposure to extremist propaganda and violent cognitions. Our results countered our hypotheses and the wider findings of violent media and aggression that exposure to violent stimuli increases violent thoughts and that this effect is moderated by trait aggression. Specifically, this study found that participants with low and medium trait aggression became more pro-social after being exposed to extremist propaganda...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295009/spousal-coping-strategies-in-the-shadow-of-terrorism
#12
Mally Shechory-Bitton, Keren Cohen-Louck
The present study focuses on spousal differences in reaction to ongoing exposure to terror and security threats. Sixty-eight married couples with children living in a region exposed to ongoing security threats were evaluated. All participants completed questionnaires on objective exposure (number of incidents) and subjective exposure (sense of fear) to terrorism and security threats, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and their coping strategies with this ongoing exposure. Mothers reported higher levels of fear and PTSD symptoms, although their objective levels of exposure did not differ from those of their husbands...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294936/the-effect-of-the-moscow-theatre-siege-on-expectations-of-well-being-in-the-future
#13
Margarita Vorsina, Matthew Manning, Christopher M Fleming, Christine Smith
We employ the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey-Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE), a survey of 6,000 individuals, and a difference-in-differences estimation strategy to examine the effect of the 2002 Moscow theatre siege on the level of self-reported expectations of life in the future of the Russian population. The longitudinal nature of the data allows us to explore both the short- and long-term effects of terrorism on this population as well as contribute to the limited number of quasi-experimental studies in this area...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294896/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-growth-and-psychosocial-variables-in-survivors-of-state-terrorism-and-their-relatives
#14
Manuel Cárdenas-Castro, Ximena Faúndez-Abarca, Héctor Arancibia-Martini, Cristián Ceruti-Mahn
The present study explores reports of growth in survivors and family members of victims of state terrorism ( N = 254) in Chile from 1973 to 1990. The results indicate the presence of reports of posttraumatic growth ( M = 4.69) and a positive and statistically significant correlation with variables related to the life impact of the stressful events ( r = .46), social sharing of emotions ( r = .32), deliberate rumination ( r = .37), positive reappraisal ( r = .35), reconciliation ( r = .39), spiritual practices ( r = ...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294873/memories-of-boys-girls-and-adolescent-victims-of-political-prison-and-torture-by-the-chilean-military-civilian-dictatorship
#15
Ximena Faúndez, Manuel Cárdenas, Fuad Hatibovic, Evelyn Palma, Diego Bravo
This article reconstructs and analyzes the memories of victims of political prison and torture during the Chilean Military-Civilian Dictatorship who were minors when they experienced this violence. Participants in the study were 11 adults, six women and five men from the region of Valparaíso, who were victims of State terrorism during childhood and adolescence. The information production technique used was the focus group. A textual analysis was performed, based on interdisciplinary contributions from interpretation theory and discourse theories...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294691/an-israeli-model-for-predicting-fear-of-terrorism-based-on-community-and-individual-factors
#16
Mally Shechory-Bitton, Keren Cohen-Louck
The purpose of the study was to suggest a model for predicting fear of terrorism using theoretical explanations that predict fear of crime. The study focused on two different levels of analysis: community and individual. The sample consisted of 507 Israeli adults. Predictions of fear of terrorism and fear of crime were conducted with two path analysis models, calculated using AMOS software. Fear of terrorism was predicted directly by gender, age, prior victimization, religiosity, and neighborhood disorder. The findings allow the researchers to offer a predictive model for fear of terrorism based on a combination of theories that explain fear of crime as well as a theory concerning the link between fear of death and religion...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280681/terror-love-and-brainwashing-attachment-in-cults-and-totalitarian-systems
#17
James Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279218/rampage-shootings-an-historical-empirical-and-theoretical-overview
#18
REVIEW
Michael Rocque, Grant Duwe
Rampage shootings is a relatively new term to describe a phenomenon that has a long history. Rampage shootings are mass shootings (generally defined as involving four or more victims), taking place in a public location, with victims chosen randomly or for symbolic purposes. These shootings are isolated events, meaning they are not connected to another criminal act (such as robbery or terrorism). Research suggests that rampage shootings are not a new phenomenon, but have occurred throughout the US since the early 1900s...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279211/the-social-psychological-makings-of-a-terrorist
#19
REVIEW
David Webber, Arie W Kruglanski
Social psychological factors pertain to all aspects of terrorism, including how terrorist organizations operate, and the impact of terrorism on everyday people. The present analysis focuses on the aspect of terrorism where social psychology's voice is perhaps most critical: radicalization (i.e., how terrorists are made) and deradicalization (i.e., how terrorists are unmade). In reviewing the literature, we identify three factors critical to radicalization: (1) the individual need that motivates one to engage in political violence, (2) the ideological narrative that justifies political violence, and (3) the social network that influences one's decisions along the pathway to extremism...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278244/embassy-cinema-what-wikileaks-reveals-about-us-state-support-for-hollywood
#20
Paul Moody
In an article for Foreign Affairs at the outbreak of the World War II, film producer Walter Wanger referred to Hollywood movies as '120,000 American ambassadors'. The preeminence of Hollywood in presenting US ideology to the world has been asserted ever since. Yet the relationship between Hollywood and America's actual ambassadors, employed by the global network of American embassies, has rarely been investigated, despite the key role that this often overlooked aspect of the state apparatus plays in the maintenance of Hollywood's commercial interests and American cultural hegemony...
October 2017: Media Cult Soc
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