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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812295/just-like-in-their-home-country-a-multinational-perspective-on-living-arrangements-of-older-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#1
Zoya Gubernskaya, Zequn Tang
Older immigrants are more likely to share residence with their adult children and other family members than are U.S.-born older adults. Because socioeconomic factors only partially explain these differences and direct measures of cultural preferences are seldom available, the persistently high rates of intergenerational coresidence among the older foreign-born are often interpreted as driven by cultural preferences and/or a lack of assimilation. To challenge this interpretation, this study investigates the extent to which older immigrants' living arrangements deviate from those of older adults in their home countries...
August 15, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811379/geography-of-intergenerational-mobility-and-child-development
#2
Louis Donnelly, Irwin Garfinkel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Brandon G Wagner, Sarah James, Sara McLanahan
Recent research by Chetty and colleagues finds that children's chances of upward mobility are affected by the communities in which they grow up [Chetty R, Hendren N (2016) Working paper 23002]. However, the developmental pathways through which communities of origin translate into future economic gain are not well understood. In this paper we examine the association between Chetty and Hendren's county-level measure of intergenerational mobility and children's cognitive and behavioral development. Focusing on children from low-income families, we find that growing up in a county with high upward mobility is associated with fewer externalizing behavioral problems by age 3 years and with substantial gains in cognitive test scores between ages 3 and 9 years...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803562/dopamine-receptor-d2-drd2-dopamine-transporter-solute-carrier-family-c6-member-4-slc6a3-and-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-genes-as-moderators-of-the-relation-between-maternal-history-of-maltreatment-and-infant-emotion-regulation
#3
Vanessa Villani, Jaclyn Ludmer, Andrea Gonzalez, Robert Levitan, James Kennedy, Mario Masellis, Vincenzo S Basile, Christine Wekerle, Leslie Atkinson
Although infants less than 18 months old are capable of engaging in self-regulatory behavior (e.g., avoidance, withdrawal, and orienting to other aspects of their environment), the use of self-regulatory strategies at this age (as opposed to relying on caregivers) is associated with elevated behavioral and physiological distress. This study investigated infant dopamine-related genotypes (dopamine receptor D2 [DRD2], dopamine transporter solute carrier family C6, member 4 [SLC6A3], and catechol-O-methyltransferase [COMT]) as they interact with maternal self-reported history of maltreatment to predict observed infant independent emotion regulation behavior...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798495/the-time-benefits-of-young-adult-home-stayers-in-france-and-italy-a-new-perspective-on-the-transition-to-adulthood
#4
Letizia Mencarini, Ariane Pailhé, Anne Solaz, Maria Letizia Tanturri
This article analyses how two co-residing generations contribute to the housework workload in Italy and France during the early 2000s. It studies the intergenerational exchange of time between young adults and their parents by indirectly comparing the level of domestic comfort enjoyed by young people in the two closely neighbouring countries. A focus on the reasons for staying in the parental home provides an explanation for the tendency of young Italian adults to prolong their stay in the family nest. The results of time-use surveys suggest that young Italians (especially young men) may benefit more than their French counterparts in co-residing with their parents...
2017: Genus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791731/only-near-is-dear-doing-elderly-care-with-everyday-icts-in-indian-transnational-families
#5
Tanja Ahlin
In Kerala, South India, young people, especially women, are encouraged to become nurses in order to migrate abroad for work and thereby improve the financial status of their family. Meanwhile, many of their parents remain in India by themselves. This is occurring in the context of a strong popular discourse of elder abandonment, related to the local norms of intergenerational co-habitation. Based on fieldwork in Kerala and one of the nurses' destination countries, Oman, I present evidence that complicates this discourse by showing how: (1) migration is a form of elder care practice in itself; and (2) care for the elderly continues across countries and continents with the help of information and communication technologies (ICTs)...
August 9, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791037/adaptation-of-the-pivotal-differential-genome-pattern-for-the-induction-of-intergenomic-chromosome-recombination-in-hybrids-of-synthetic-amphidiploids-within-triticeae-tribe
#6
Michal T Kwiatek, Joanna Majka, Maciej Majka, Jolanta Belter, Halina Wisniewska
A pivotal-differential evolution pattern is when two allopolyploids share a common genome, which is called pivotal, and differ with respect to the other genome or genomes, called differential. This feature induces the intergenomic recombination between chromosomes of differential genomes, which can lead to speciation. Our study is a cytomolecular insight into this mechanism which was adapted for the induction of intergenomic chromosome recombination in hybrids of synthetic amphidiploids Aegilops biuncialis × S...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789794/does-high-optimism-protect-against-the-inter-generational-transmission-of-high-bmi-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#7
Anna Serlachius, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Markus Juonala, Matthew Sabin, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli Raitakari, Marko Elovainio
OBJECTIVE: The transmission of overweight from one generation to the next is well established, however little is known about what psychosocial factors may protect against this familial risk. The aim of this study was to examine whether optimism plays a role in the intergenerational transmission of obesity. METHODS: Our sample included 1043 participants from the prospective Cardiovascular Risk in Young FINNS Study. Optimism was measured in early adulthood (2001) when the cohort was aged 24-39years...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789755/measuring-resilience-in-two-generations-psychometric-properties-of-available-instruments
#8
Marlene Z Cohen, Kevin A Kupzyk, Lyn M Holley, Rabbi Mendel Katzman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study examines measures of resilience to identify the best available measure for future research to assess efficacy of a low-cost intervention that enhances resilience of older adults and youth (i.e., intergenerational transfer of ethnic culture). METHODS: Scanning the literature produced no obvious choice; 3 measures showed promise: the Wagnild-Young Resilience Scale, Windle-Markland-Woods Psychological Resilience Scale, and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC); 200 ethnicityalike older adults and 192 youths completed all three scales...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789633/variations-in-5s-rdnas-in-diploid-and-tetraploid-offspring-of-red-crucian-carp-%C3%A3-common-carp
#9
Lihai Ye, Chun Zhang, Xiaojun Tang, Yiyi Chen, Shaojun Liu
BACKGROUND: The allotetraploid hybrid fish (4nAT) that was created in a previous study through an intergeneric cross between red crucian carp (Carassius auratus red var., ♀) and common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., ♂) provided an excellent platform to investigate the effect of hybridization and polyploidization on the evolution of 5S rDNA. The 5S rDNAs of paternal common carp were made up of a coding sequence (CDS) and a non-transcribed spacer (NTS) unit, and while the 5S rDNAs of maternal red crucian carp contained a CDS and a NTS unit, they also contained a variable number of interposed regions (IPRs)...
August 8, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774959/what-is-the-ethics-of-ageing
#10
Christopher Simon Wareham
Applied ethics is home to numerous productive subfields such as procreative ethics, intergenerational ethics and environmental ethics. By contrast, there is far less ethical work on ageing, and there is no boundary work that attempts to set the scope for 'ageing ethics' or the 'ethics of ageing'. Yet ageing is a fundamental aspect of life; arguably even more fundamental and ubiquitous than procreation. To remedy this situation, I examine conceptions of what the ethics of ageing might mean and argue that these conceptions fail to capture the requirements of the desired subfield...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771022/longitudinal-changes-in-attachment-orientation-over-a-59-year-period
#11
William J Chopik, Robin S Edelstein, Kevin J Grimm
Research on individual differences in attachment-and their links to emotion, cognition, and behavior in close relationships-has proliferated over the last several decades. However, the majority of this research has focused on children and young adults. Little is known about mean-level changes in attachment orientation beyond early life, in part due to a dearth of longitudinal data on attachment across the life span. The current study used a Q-Sort-based measure of attachment to examine mean-level changes in attachment orientation from age 13 to 72 using data from the Block and Block Longitudinal Study, the Intergenerational Studies, and the Radcliffe College Class of 1964 Sample (total N = 628)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769086/intergenerational-transmission-of-paternal-epigenetic-marks-mechanisms-influencing-susceptibility-to-post-concussion-symptomology-in-a-rodent-model
#12
Harleen Hehar, Irene Ma, Richelle Mychasiuk
Epigenetic transmission of phenotypic variance has been linked to paternal experiences prior to conception and during perinatal development. Previous reports indicate that paternal experiences increase phenotypic heterogeneity and may contribute to offspring susceptibility to post-concussive symptomology. This study sought to determine if epigenetic tags, specifically DNA methylation of promoter regions, are transmitted from rodent fathers to their sons. Using MethyLight, promoter methylation of specific genes involved in recovery from concussion and brain plasticity were analyzed in sperm and brain tissue...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767657/maternal-ptsd-and-corresponding-neural-activity-mediate-effects-of-child-exposure-to-violence-on-child-ptsd-symptoms
#13
Daniel S Schechter, Dominik A Moser, Tatjana Aue, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Virginie C Pointet, Maria I Cordero, Francesca Suardi, Aurelia Manini, Marylène Vital, Ana Sancho Rossignol, Molly Rothenberg, Alexandre G Dayer, Francois Ansermet, Sandra Rusconi Serpa
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD), associated neural activity in response to mother-child relational stimuli, and child psychopathology indicators at child ages 12-42 months and one year later. The study tested the hypothesis that decreased maternal neural activity in regions that subserve emotion regulation would be associated with child symptoms associated with emotional dysregulation at both time points...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764768/more-than-a-virus-a-qualitative-study-of-the-social-implications-of-hepatitis-b-infection-in-china
#14
J Wallace, M Pitts, C Liu, V Lin, B Hajarizadeh, J Richmond, S Locarnini
BACKGROUND: China has the largest absolute number of people living with hepatitis B with up to 300,000 people estimated to die each year from hepatitis B related diseases. Despite advances in immunisation, clinical management, and health policy, there is still a lack of accessible and affordable health care for people with hepatitis B. Through in-depth interviews, this study identifies the personal, social and economic impact of living with hepatitis B and considers the role of stigma and discrimination as barriers to effective clinical management of the disease...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763155/multigenerational-analyses-in-perinatal-epidemiology
#15
Alexander M Friedman, Cande V Ananth
Meaningful epidemiological analyses of outcomes that may occur intergenerationally based in part on shared genetic factors are challenging. Requisite data must be collected over decades, and valid linkages between family members must be performed. The study by Rasmussen et al. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 1, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762279/family-factors-in-adolescent-problematic-internet-gaming-a-systematic-review
#16
Luke A Schneider, Daniel L King, Paul H Delfabbro
Background and aims Familial influences are known to affect the likelihood of an adolescent becoming a problem gamer. This systematic review examined some of the key findings in empirical research on family factors related to adolescent problem gaming. Methods A total of 14 studies in the past decade were evaluated. Family-related variables included: (a) parent status (e.g., socioeconomic status and mental health), (b) parent-child relationship (e.g., warmth, conflict, and abuse), (c) parental influence on gaming (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759782/intergenerational-associations-in-executive-function-between-mothers-and-children-in-the-context-of-risk
#17
Matthew H Kim, Lisa Shimomaeda, Ryan J Giuliano, Elizabeth A Skowron
Executive functioning (EF) is critical for school readiness and other important life skills. Previous investigations have often neglected the important influence of parental EF skills in shaping their own children's EF. This study attempted to replicate recent empirical work that has shown that maternal EF is positively related to child EF. An ecological theoretical framework was used to examine the maternal EF-child EF link in family environments characterized by significant risk and socioeconomic adversity...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758423/factors-influencing-the-prevalence-of-stunting-among-children-aged-below-five-years-in-bangladesh
#18
Haribondhu Sarma, Jahidur Rahman Khan, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Fakhar Uddin, Sayeeda Tarannum, Md Mehedi Hasan, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition during childhood impedes physical and mental development of children, which propagate the vicious cycle of intergenerational under nutrition. This paper is aimed at understanding the determinants of stunting among children aged 0 to 59 months in Bangladesh. METHODS: The study used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 data and a multistage stratified cluster-sampling design. Anthropometric data (for height and weight) were collected and analysis was limited to 7647 children...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755463/placental-abruption-in-parents-who-were-born-small-registry-based-cohort-study
#19
Svein Rasmussen, Cathrine Ebbing, Lorentz Erland Linde, Elham Baghestan
OBJECTIVE: To assess if parents who were born small for gestational age (below the 10(th) birthweight centile, SGA) have increased risk of severe or mild placental abruption. To assess if a history of SGA in other family members modifies this intergenerational effect. DESIGN: Prospective population based observational study. SETTING: The Medical Birth Registry of Norway. POPULATION: From 1967 to 2013, 785 333 mother-offspring pairs, 643 066 father-offspring pairs, 272 941 tetrads of births of the mother, her offspring, sibling and niece/nephew, and 265 505 paternal tetrads were identified...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748709/aging-perceptions-in-older-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-portugal-a-qualitative-study
#20
Henrique Pereira, Juan Pedro Serrano, Brian de Vries, Graça Esgalhado, Rosa Marina Afonso, Samuel Monteiro
Aims and Objectives The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions toward aging among Portuguese gay and bisexual men over 60 years old. Background Despite the growth of the older population, and the increased visibility and acceptance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people in Western countries, the experience of aging in older gay and bisexual men is only beginning to be understood. Design We used a qualitative research methodology, based on critical gerontology, for establishing research questions and to identify the perspectives on the aging process in older gay and bisexual individuals...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
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