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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725839/nursing-strategies-for-engaging-families-of-older-immigrants-hospitalized-for-end-of-life-care-an-australian-study
#1
Megan-Jane Johnstone, Alison M Hutchinson, Helen Rawson, Bernice Redley
BACKGROUND: Engaging with families of older non-English-speaking background (NESB) immigrants hospitalized for end-of-life (EOL) care can be challenging, especially when their cultures, lifeways, and family decision-making processes are unfamiliar to the nurses caring for them. Despite the recognized importance of family engagement when providing EOL care, the issue of ethnic minority family engagement has received little attention in the field. AIM: To explore and describe the strategies nurses use to facilitate engagement with families of older immigrant NESB patients hospitalized for EOL care...
September 2016: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720162/maternal-pregnancy-c-reactive-protein-predicts-offspring-birth-size-and-body-composition-in-metropolitan-cebu-philippines
#2
C W Kuzawa, R L Fried, J B Borja, T W McDade
The gestational milieu is an important influence on fetal development and long-term disease risk. Here we assess relationships between maternal pregnancy inflammation, indicated by C-reactive protein (CRP), and offspring anthropometric outcomes measured soon after birth. Data come from female participants (n=327, age 24.4-30.2 years) in a longitudinal study located in Metropolitan Cebu, Philippines. Between 2009 and 2014, pregnancy interviews (n=429) were conducted during which questionnaire and anthropometric data were obtained along with dried blood spot cards for CRP measurement...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718998/disconnected-lives-women-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-conflict-with-the-law
#3
Kathryn Ann Levine, Jocelyn Proulx, Karen Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Women with intellectual/developmental disabilities in conflict with the law experience childhood trauma, substance abuse and intimate partner violence but continue to have difficulty accessing appropriate therapeutic services, both within correctional settings and upon discharge. The aim of this study is to explore women's service needs and to critically assess whether the available services are meeting their identified needs. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 women with intellectual/developmental disabilities who were in the Special Needs Unit of a women's correctional centre from December 2014 to March 2015...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718053/family-interdependence-spiritual-perspective-self-transcendence-and-depression-among-korean-college-students
#4
Suk-Sun Kim, R David Hayward, Minji Gil
The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms that might account for the effects of spirituality and self-transcendence on Korean college students' depression among 197 Korean fathers, mothers, and children. A structural equation analysis indicated that spiritual perspective related to lower depression through the mediating pathway of self-transcendence for individuals. Mothers' spiritual perspective and self-transcendence related to their children's depression through the mediating pathway of their own depression, but the same was not true for fathers...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717863/global-mental-health-and-adolescent-anxiety-kin-care-and-struggle-in-new-mexico
#5
Janis H Jenkins, Annika Stone
While recent developments within the field of global mental health have illuminated the reality of serious mental health difficulties worldwide, particularly in low-income settings, research that focuses on children and adolescents remains underdeveloped. This is especially the case with respect to ethnographic studies of lived experience of adolescents diagnosed with serious mental health conditions. Drawing from an interdisciplinary study of adolescents in New Mexico who were afflicted with a broad range of disorders according to contemporary research diagnostic criteria, this article focuses on anxiety-related conditions with respect to subjective experience and social-ecological contexts of living with such conditions...
July 17, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717828/statistical-challenges-in-modelling-the-health-consequences-of-social-mobility-the-need-for-diagonal-reference-models
#6
Jeroen van der Waal, Stijn Daenekindt, Willem de Koster
OBJECTIVES: Various studies on the health consequences of socio-economic position address social mobility. They aim to uncover whether health outcomes are affected by: (1) social mobility, besides, (2) social origin, and (3) social destination. Conventional methods do not, however, estimate these three effects separately, which may produce invalid conclusions. We highlight that diagonal reference models (DRMs) overcome this problem, which we illustrate by focusing on overweight/obesity (OWOB)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715641/genetic-influence-on-intergenerational-educational-attainment
#7
Ziada Ayorech, Eva Krapohl, Robert Plomin, Sophie von Stumm
Using twin (6,105 twin pairs) and genomic (5,825 unrelated individuals taken from the twin sample) analyses, we tested for genetic influences on the parent-offspring correspondence in educational attainment. Genetics accounted for nearly half of the variance in intergenerational educational attainment. A genomewide polygenic score (GPS) for years of education was also associated with intergenerational educational attainment: The highest and lowest GPS means were found for offspring in stably educated families (i...
July 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715433/what-determines-the-preference-for-future-living-arrangements-of-middle-aged-and-older-people-in-urban-china
#8
Dijuan Meng, Guihua Xu, Ling He, Min Zhang, Dan Lin
OBJECTIVE: Living arrangements are important to the elderly. However, it is common for elderly parents in urban China to not have a living situation that they consider ideal. An understanding of their preferences assists us in responding to the needs of the elderly as well as in anticipating future long-term care demands. The aim of this study is to provide a clear understanding of preferences for future living arrangements and their associated factors among middle-aged and older people in urban China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714707/prospective-relations-between-parent-adolescent-acculturation-conflict-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-vietnamese-american-adolescents
#9
Diem Julie Nguyen, Joanna J Kim, Bahr Weiss, Victoria Ngo, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVES: Intergenerational acculturation conflict in immigrant families has been implicated as a risk factor for adolescent maladjustment. However, the directionality and specific family related mediators of this association have not been identified. The present study prospectively examined relations between adolescent reports of perceived acculturation conflict and internalizing and externalizing mental health symptoms. Perceived parent-adolescent relationship strain and perceived parental psychological control were examined as potential mediators...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711069/preterm-birth-and-its-impact-on-renal-health
#10
Valerie A Luyckx
Preterm birth occurs in approximately 10% of all births worldwide. Preterm infants have reduced nephron numbers at birth in proportion to gestational age, and are at increased risk of neonatal acute kidney injury as well as higher blood pressure, proteinuria, and chronic kidney disease later in life. Rapid catch-up growth in preterm infants, especially if resulting in obesity, is a risk factor for end-stage kidney disease among children with proteinuric renal disease. Preterm birth, however, is a risk factor not only for the infant because mothers who deliver preterm have an increased risk of having subsequent preterm deliveries as well as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and renal disease later in life...
July 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707154/personality-and-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-educational-attainment-evidence-from-germany
#11
Renee Ryberg, Shawn Bauldry, Michael A Schultz, Annekatrin Steinhoff, Michael Shanahan
Research based in the United States, with its relatively open educational system, has found that personality mediates the relationship between parents' and child's educational attainment and this mediational pattern is especially beneficial to students from less-educated households. Yet in highly structured, competitive educational systems, personality characteristics may not predict attainment or may be more or less consequential at different points in the educational career. We examine the salience of personality in the educational attainment process in the German educational system...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706047/intergenerational-transcription-taming
#12
EDITORIAL
Beverly A Purnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705399/monoblepharidomycetes-diversity-includes-new-parasitic-and-saprotrophic-species-with-highly-intronized-rdna
#13
Sergey A Karpov, Karomat S Mamanazarova, Olga V Popova, Vladimir V Aleoshin, Timothy Y James, Maria A Mamkaeva, Victoria S Tcvetkova, Andrey E Vishnyakov, Joyce E Longcore
The Monoblepharidomycetes is the sister class to the Chytridiomycetes in the phylum Chytridiomycota. The six known genera have thalli that are either monocentric and without rhizoids or produce hyphae with an independent evolutionary origin from the hyphae of higher fungi. On the basis of morphological characters and phylogenetic evidence from the small and large subunits of nuclear ribosomal RNA, we established two new genera, Sanchytrium and Telasphaerula, each with a single species. We re-analyzed intergeneric relationships within the monoblephs, and established two new families...
August 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705364/political-democracy-economic-liberalization-and-macro-sociological-models-of-intergenerational-mobility
#14
Alexi Gugushvili
Building on the previously investigated macro-sociological models which analyze the consequences of economic development, income inequality, and international migration on social mobility, this article studies the specific contextual covariates of intergenerational reproduction of occupational status in post-communist societies. It is theorized that social mobility is higher in societies with democratic political regimes and less liberalized economies. The outlined hypotheses are tested by using micro- and macro-level datasets for 21 post-communist societies which are fitted into multilevel mixed-effects linear regressions...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704139/influencing-safety-in-australian-agriculture-and-fisheries
#15
Kristin E McBain-Rigg, Richard C Franklin, Jemma C King, Tony Lower
BACKGROUND: Improving the health and safety of those working in Australian agriculture and fishery industries is a recognized priority area for preventative activities. With Australian agricultural industries being among the nation's most dangerous workplaces, there is a need for action. While there are currently known solutions, their implementation is limited. Influential agents, that is, people who can influence others, are important for helping to engender action to enact solutions into practice...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702934/paternal-incarceration-and-adolescent-social-network-disadvantage
#16
Brielle Bryan
Previous research has suggested that adolescent peers influence behavior and provide social support during a critical developmental period, but few studies have addressed the antecedents of adolescent social networks. Research on the collateral consequences of incarceration has explored the implications of parental incarceration for children's behavioral problems, academic achievement, health, and housing stability, but not their social networks. Using network data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, I find that adolescents with recently incarcerated fathers are in socially marginal positions in their schools and befriend more-marginal peers than other adolescents: their friends are less advantaged, less academically successful, and more delinquent than other adolescents' friends...
July 12, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700076/why-have-relative-rates-of-class-mobility-become-more-equal-among-women-in-britain
#17
Erzs├ębet Bukodi, John H Goldthorpe, Heather Joshi, Lorraine Waller
In a previous paper it has been shown that across three cohorts of men and women born in Britain in 1946, 1958 and 1970 a gender difference exists in regard to relative rates of class mobility. For men these rates display an essential stability but for women they become more equal. The aim of the present paper is to shed light on the causes of this trend-or, that is, of increasing social fluidity-among women. We begin by considering a refined version of the perverse fluidity hypothesis: that is, one that proposes that part-time work leads to increasing downward worklife mobility among women that also entails downward intergenerational mobility and thus promotes greater fluidity...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692825/intergenerational-social-mobility-and-subjective-wellbeing-in-later-life
#18
Matthew H Iveson, Ian J Deary
Whereas a great deal of literature has been devoted to investigating the link between intergenerational social mobility and health, the few studies that have examined the association between social mobility and life satisfaction have produced conflicting findings. In the present study, we attempt to rectify several shortcomings common to previous work by examining the association between intergenerational social mobility and both life satisfaction and self-rated health as measured in later-life. Our sample consisted of individuals born in Scotland in 1936, who took part in the Scottish Mental Survey 1947 and were subsequently followed-up into later-life...
June 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690347/union-army-veterans-all-grown-up
#19
Dora L Costa, Heather DeSomer, Eric Hanss, Christopher Roudiez, Sven E Wilson, Noelle Yetter
This paper overviews the research opportunities made possible by a NIA-funded program project, Early Indicators, Intergenerational Processes, and Aging. Data collection began almost three decades ago on 40,000 soldiers from the Union Army in the US Civil War. The sample contains extensive demographic, economic, and medical data from childhood to death. In recent years, a large sample of African-American soldiers and an oversampling of soldiers from major US cities have been added. Hundreds of historical maps containing public health data have been geocoded to place soldiers and their family members in a geospatial context...
2017: Historical Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683655/impact-of-ancestry-categorisations-on-residential-segregation-measures-using-swedish-register-data
#20
Benjamin Jarvis, Juta Kawalerowicz, Sarah Valdez
AIM: Country-of-birth data contained in registers are often aggregated to create broad ancestry group categories. We examine how measures of residential segregation vary according to levels of aggregation. METHOD: We use Swedish register data to calculate pairwise dissimilarity indices from 1990 to 2012 for ancestry groups defined at four nested levels of aggregation: (1) micro-groups containing 50 categories, (2) meso-groups containing 16 categories, (3) macro-groups containing six categories and (4) a broad Western/non-Western binary...
July 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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