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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103155/using-art-in-an-intergenerational-program-to-improve-students-attitudes-toward-people-with-dementia
#1
Elizabeth Lokon, Yue Li, Jyotsana Parajuli
This study explored the effects of participating in an intergenerational service learning program called Opening Mind through Arts (OMA) on college students' attitudes toward people with dementia. In this program, students were paired one-on-one with elders who have dementia to support the elders' creation of visual art projects. They met weekly for one semester. The Dementia Attitude Scale was administered at the beginning and end of the semester to measure changes in students' attitudes. The study included 156 students participating in OMA and assessed if their participation makes a difference in the degree of change in overall attitudes, knowledge and comfort level toward people with dementia...
January 19, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099479/social-contact-structures-and-time-use-patterns-in-the-manicaland-province-of-zimbabwe
#2
Alessia Melegaro, Emanuele Del Fava, Piero Poletti, Stefano Merler, Constance Nyamukapa, John Williams, Simon Gregson, Piero Manfredi
BACKGROUND: Patterns of person-to-person contacts relevant for infectious diseases transmission are still poorly quantified in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where socio-demographic structures and behavioral attitudes are expected to be different from those of more developed countries. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a diary-based survey on daily contacts and time-use of individuals of different ages in one rural and one peri-urban site of Manicaland, Zimbabwe. A total of 2,490 diaries were collected and used to derive age-structured contact matrices, to analyze time spent by individuals in different settings, and to identify the key determinants of individuals' mixing patterns...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094059/alteration-of-methylation-status-in-the-atxn3-gene-promoter-region-is-linked-to-the-sca3-mjd
#3
Chunrong Wang, Huirong Peng, Jiada Li, Dongxue Ding, Zhao Chen, Zhe Long, Yun Peng, Xin Zhou, Wei Ye, Kai Li, Qian Xu, Sanxi Ai, Chengyuan Song, Ling Weng, Rong Qiu, Kun Xia, Beisha Tang, Hong Jiang
DNA methylation has been acknowledged as one of the key epigenetic mechanisms involved in the regulation of gene expression and genomic functions. Alteration of the DNA methylation level has been linked to modification of the disease progression and instability regulation of certain disease-causing repeats in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, blood samples collected from spinocerebellar ataxia type 3/Machado-Joseph disease (SCA3/MJD) patients versus control were used to explore the potential link of DNA methylation levels at ATXN3 gene promoter to the pathogenesis of SCA3/MJD...
December 24, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089924/water-juice-or-soda-mothers-and-grandmothers-of-preschoolers-discuss-the-acceptability-and-accessibility-of-beverages
#4
Karin Eli, Agneta Hörnell, Mahnoush Etminan Malek, Paulina Nowicka
Intake of sugary beverages is strongly associated with weight gain and obesity among children; however, differences between mothers' and grandmothers' attitudes and practices concerning young children's beverage consumption remain unclear. This is notable since about a quarter of families in the US and the UK rely on grandparents as the main providers of informal childcare. The aim of this study is to examine mothers' and maternal grandmothers' attitudes, knowledge, and practices regarding preschool-age children's beverage consumption...
January 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089871/parents-childhood-socioeconomic-circumstances-are-associated-with-their-children-s-asthma-outcomes
#5
Edith Chen, Madeleine U Shalowitz, Rachel E Story, Katherine B Ehrlich, Erika M Manczak, Paula J Ham, Van Le, Gregory E Miller
BACKGROUND: Previous literature documents associations between low socioeconomic status (SES) and poor health outcomes, including asthma. However, this literature has largely focused on the effects of current family circumstances. OBJECTIVE: To test an intergenerational hypothesis, that the childhood SES that parents experience will be associated with asthma outcomes in their children, independent of effects of current family SES. Secondly, to test whether this association is in part due to difficulties in current parent-child relationships...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089514/reproductive-conflict-and-the-evolution-of-menopause-in-killer-whales
#6
Darren P Croft, Rufus A Johnstone, Samuel Ellis, Stuart Nattrass, Daniel W Franks, Lauren J N Brent, Sonia Mazzi, Kenneth C Balcomb, John K B Ford, Michael A Cant
Why females of some species cease ovulation prior to the end of their natural lifespan is a long-standing evolutionary puzzle [1-4]. The fitness benefits of post-reproductive helping could in principle select for menopause [1, 2, 5], but the magnitude of these benefits appears insufficient to explain the timing of menopause [6-8]. Recent theory suggests that the cost of inter-generational reproductive conflict between younger and older females of the same social unit is a critical missing term in classical inclusive fitness calculations (the "reproductive conflict hypothesis" [6, 9])...
January 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086898/the-intergenerational-production-of-depression-in-south-korea-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
B G Jeong, G Veenstra
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have uncovered relationships between parental capital and the manifestation of depression in their children, little is known about the mechanisms that undergird the relationships. This study investigates the intergenerational effects of the cultural and economic capitals of South Korean parents on depressive symptoms in their adult children and the degree to which the capitals of the adult children explain them. METHODS: We employed nationally representative cross-sectional survey data from the 2006 Korea Welfare Panel Study...
January 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073997/beyond-ageist-attitudes-researchers-call-for-nih-action-to-limit-funding-for-older-academics
#8
Eva Kahana, Michael R Slone, Boaz Kahana, Kaitlyn Barnes Langendoerfer, Courtney Reynolds
PURPOSE: This article explores manifestations of ageism in response to a proposed National Institutes of Health (NIH) Emeritus Grant initiative aimed at funding older investigators. DESIGN AND METHODS: Comments were requested by NIH in 2015, through a Request for Information (RFI) as well as a public blog regarding the merits of a proposed grant mechanism that would help older researchers transfer their labs to junior scientists and transition into retirement. This article reports content analysis of comments from 134 respondents to the blog...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068931/self-perceived-uselessness-and-associated-factors-among-older-adults-in-china
#9
Yuan Zhao, Jessica M Sautter, Li Qiu, Danan Gu
BACKGROUND: Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poor health and high mortality among older adults in China. However, it is unclear which demographic, psychosocial, behavioral and health factors are associated with self-perceived uselessness. METHODS: Data came from four waves (2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014) of the largest nationwide longitudinal survey of the population aged 65 and older in China (26,624 individuals contributed 48,476 observations). This study aimed to systematically investigate factors associated with self-perceived uselessness based on the proposed REHAB framework that includes resources (R), environments (E), health (H), fixed attributes (A) and behaviors (B)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063011/the-unequal-consequences-of-mass-incarceration-for-children
#10
Kristin Turney
A growing literature has documented the mostly deleterious intergenerational consequences of paternal incarceration, but less research has considered heterogeneity in these relationships. In this article, I use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,065) to estimate the heterogeneous relationship between paternal incarceration and children's problem behaviors (internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and early juvenile delinquency) and cognitive skills (reading comprehension, math comprehension, and verbal ability) in middle childhood...
January 6, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062518/implementing-montessori-methods-for-dementia-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Sander L Hitzig, Christine L Sheppard
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: A scoping review was conducted to develop an understanding of Montessori-based programing (MBP) approaches used in dementia care and to identify optimal ways to implement these programs across various settings. DESIGN AND METHODS: Six peer-reviewed databases were searched for relevant abstracts by 2 independent reviewers. Included articles and book chapters were those available in English and published by the end of January 2016. Twenty-three articles and 2 book chapters met the inclusion criteria...
January 6, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057834/intergenerational-transmission-of-sociality-the-role-of-parents-in-shaping-social-behavior-in-monogamous-and-non-monogamous-species
#12
REVIEW
Allison M Perkeybile, Karen L Bales
Social bonds are necessary for many mammals to survive and reproduce successfully. These bonds (i.e. pair-bonds, friendships, filial bonds) are characterized by different periods of development, longevity and strength. Socially monogamous species display certain behaviors not seen in many other mammals, such as adult pair-bonding and male parenting. In our studies of prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) and titi monkeys (Callicebus cupreus), we have examined the neurohormonal basis of these bonds. Here, we discuss the evidence from voles that aspects of adolescent and adult social behavior are shaped by early experience, including changes to sensory systems and connections, neuropeptide systems such as oxytocin and vasopressin, and alterations in stress responses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052789/aging-filipino-domestic-workers-and-the-in-adequacy-of-retirement-provisions-in-canada
#13
Ilyan Ferrer
Although domestic work scholarship in Canada has focused primarily on the immigration/migration and labour experiences of domestic workers under the Foreign Domestic Movement and the Live-in-Caregiver Program, research is scarce on how these workers retire and consequently age in Canadian society. This article focuses on the aging experiences of retired Filipino domestic workers who, upon entering retirement, find themselves working in the secondary and/or underground economy while providing and receiving care from spouses, grandchildren, and local/transnational family members...
January 5, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042173/explaining-adolescent-drug-use-in-adjacent-generations-testing-the-generality-of-theoretical-explanations
#14
Marvin D Krohn, Thomas A Loughran, Terence P Thornberry, Daniel Wonho Jang, Adrienne Freeman-Gallant, Erin D Castro
We tested the assumption that theories of drug use are able to account for behavior across varying contexts and populations by examining whether control, learning, and elaborated theories provide similar explanations for adolescent drug use in adjacent generations. We used data from the Rochester Youth Development Study and Rochester Intergenerational Study which followed a sample of adolescents starting at age 14 and their oldest biological child. Cross-generational analysis between theoretical variables measured at age 14 and drug use measured at approximately ages 15 and 16 were used...
October 2016: Journal of Drug Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032331/intergenerational-transmission-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-families
#15
B I O'Toole, M J Burton, A Rothwell, S Outram, M Dadds, S V Catts
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between parental post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and offspring PTSD and its specificity for other disorders in a non-clinical epidemiological cohort of Australian Vietnam veterans, their partners and their sons and daughters. METHOD: Veterans were interviewed twice, in 1992-1994 and 2005-2006; partners were interviewed in 2006-2007, and their offspring in 2012-2014. A total of 125 sons and 168 daughters were interviewed from 197 families, 137 of which also included partners who were the mothers of the children...
December 28, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031545/intergenerational-change-in-anthropometric-indices-of-children-and-their-predictors-in-new-delhi-birth-cohort
#16
Sikha Sinha, Abha Rani Aggarwal, Clive Osmond, Caroline Hd Fall, Santosh K Bhargava, Harshpal Singh Sachdev
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intergenerational change in anthropometric indices of children and their predictors. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS: New Delhi Birth Cohort participants (F1), born between 1969 and 1972, were followed-up for anthropometry at birth and 6-monthly intervals until 21 years. Their children (F2) below 10 years were evaluated anthropometrically. OUTCOME MEASURE: Intergenerational change (F2-F1) in height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of children in comparison to their parents at corresponding ages...
December 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029442/intergenerational-similarity-in-callous-unemotional-traits-contributions-of-hostile-parenting-and-household-chaos-during-adolescence
#17
Rachel E Kahn, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Brooks King-Casas, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Extant research has examined both genetic and environmental risk involved in the transmission of callous-unemotional traits in youth populations, yet no study has examined the intergenerational similarity of these traits between parents and their offspring. The current study examined whether the association between parent callous-unemotional traits and child callous-unemotional traits was mediated by parenting behavior and whether this association was moderated by household environment. Participants included 115 dyads of adolescents (48% female; Mean age=13...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027955/oxytocin-pathways-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-maternal-early-life-stress
#18
REVIEW
Philipp Toepfer, Christine Heim, Sonja Entringer, Elisabeth Binder, Pathik Wadhwa, Claudia Buss
Severe stress in early life, such as childhood abuse and neglect, constitutes a major risk factor in the etiology of psychiatric disorders and somatic diseases. Importantly, these long-term effects may impact the next generation. The intergenerational transmission of maternal early life stress (ELS) may occur via pre-and postnatal pathways, such as alterations in maternal-fetal-placental stress physiology, maternal depression during pregnancy and postpartum, as well as impaired mother-offspring interactions...
December 24, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026105/challenges-in-intergenerational-caregiving-for-frail-older-people-a-multiple-case-study
#19
Ya-Fen Lien, Hui-Man Huang
Families in Taiwan are considered central in caring for frail older people. However, rapid social changes are reshaping Taiwanese family values and structures. In this study, we explored the challenges of intergenerational families in caring for frail older people in Taiwan. Using a multiple-case study, 32 participants representing 12 families comprising three or more generations participated in individual, semistructured interviews. A grounded theory technique was used for the data analysis. Four themes emerged in the findings: intergenerational and intragenerational disharmony, restrictions in the physical environment, financial caregiving burdens, and lack of support from the healthcare system...
December 27, 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025859/negotiations-of-blame-and-care-among-hiv-positive-mothers-and-daughters-in-south-africa-s-eastern-cape
#20
Beth Vale
Research delineates two epidemiological categories among HIV-positive adolescents: those who contract the virus sexually and those who inherit it as infants. In this article, I am interested in how tacit inferences about adolescents' mode of infection contribute to their experiences of HIV-related blame, and their ability to achieve care, in their intimate, everyday settings. The analysis arises from ethnographic research with 23 HIV-positive adolescents living in South Africa's Eastern Cape. From these, I draw particularly on the narratives of four HIV-positive teenage girls and their HIV-positive mothers...
December 26, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
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