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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329807/are-you-sleeping-dyadic-associations-of-support-stress-and-worries-regarding-adult-children-on-sleep
#1
Amber J Seidel, Jeremy B Yorgason, Courtney A Polenick, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
Purpose of the study: Sleep is a key factor in maintaining positive health and well-being throughout life. Although the negative outcomes of sleep problems are becoming better understood, less is known about how intergenerational relationships might affect sleep. Thus, this investigation examines the dyadic associations of support for, stress over, and worrying about adult children on sleep quality for husbands and wives. Design and Methods: The sample included 186 heterosexual married couples drawn from the Family Exchanges Study...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327574/from-older-to-younger-intergenerational-promotion-of-health-behaviours-in-portuguese-families-affected-by-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy
#2
Carla Roma Oliveira, Alvaro Mendes, Liliana Sousa
The role of older generations in families with hereditary diseases has been recognised and associated to their function as guardians of the family's medical history. However, research is scarce in examining the roles that older generations play in terms of health promotion and risk management towards younger generations, which is particularly evident with incurable genetically inherited disorders such as familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) ATTR Val30Met. This qualitative exploratory study examines the roles that older generations play towards younger generations, in terms of health promotion and risk management, in families with FAP...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318393/pathways-to-adolescent-childbearing-among-kaqchikel-women-in-guatemala
#3
Emily Lemon, Monique Hennink, Nely Amparo Can Saquic
One-in-five children in Guatemala is born to a mother aged 15-19 years, which poses social, economic and health risks to both mother and child. In Guatemala, adolescent childbearing is directly associated with education, ethnicity and poverty, which increases vulnerability among Indigenous young women living in poverty. This study examines the context and experiences of adolescent childbearing from the perspectives of young mothers in the Kaqchikel Indigenous ethnic group of Sololá, Guatemala. Data were collected in 19 qualitative in-depth interviews with women who had given birth to one or more children when aged 15 to 19 years...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315889/patterns-of-growth-in-early-childhood-and-infectious-disease-and-nutritional-determinants
#4
Robert E Black
The physical growth of young children in low- and middle-income countries is reduced compared to international standards. The deviations in growth in both weight and height are greatest in the first 2 years of life and this has serious consequences for child mortality, development, adult stature, and health. The determinants of these patterns of growth faltering include intergenerational factors, such as maternal height, short birth interval, and conditions in pregnancy, including maternal underweight and anemia...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315158/childhood-family-structure-and-intergenerational-income-mobility-in-the-united-states
#5
Deirdre Bloome
The declining prevalence of two-parent families helped increase income inequality over recent decades. Does family structure also condition how economic (dis)advantages pass from parents to children? If so, shifts in the organization of family life may contribute to enduring inequality between groups defined by childhood family structure. Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data, I combine parametric and nonparametric methods to reveal how family structure moderates intergenerational income mobility in the United States...
March 17, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314172/the-risk-of-cancer-in-the-offspring-and-parental-length-of-life
#6
Ruby Del Risco Kollerud, Karl Gerhard Blaasaas, Bjørgulf Claussen, Bente Oftedal, Øyvind Næss
BACKGROUND: We investigated if cancer onset in offspring is related to having short-lived parents for different cancer types and to see if there was a difference in smoking- and non-smoking related cancers. METHODS: Our study included 524,391 individuals born in Norway 1940-1950. All children were followed up for cancer from the age of 20 until they were between 59 and 69 years. Parental longevity was examined by grouping parental age of death into parents dying before 75 years of age and parents dying at 75 years of age or older...
March 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301855/placental-lipid-and-fatty-acid-transfer-in-maternal-overnutrition
#7
Rohan M Lewis, Gernot Desoye
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of childhood obesity is a significant public health challenge, the consequences of which extend across the life course. SUMMARY: Diet and exercise are clearly the major contributors to childhood obesity, but the factors predisposing to obesity may become established in the womb. Worryingly maternal overnutrition, in particular when it leads to obesity and diabetes, perpetuate an intergenerational cycle of obesity through its effects on placental function and fetal metabolism...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295845/intergenerational-mentoring-at-men-s-sheds-a-feasibility-study
#8
Nathan J Wilson, Reinie Cordier, Marina Ciccarelli, Judith MacCallum, Benjamin Milbourn, Sharmila Vaz, Annette Joosten, Angus Buchanan, Tomomi McAuliffe, Roger J Stancliffe
BACKGROUND: This study reports on the feasibility of an intergenerational mentoring programme for youth with intellectual disability (ID) aimed at developing skills and building networks. METHODS: Youth with ID were paired with older male mentors who were trained to support the mentees participate in activities and social interactions during weekly sessions. We interviewed the mentees and mentors, and assessed them on a range of outcomes using standardized measures...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287753/parental-educational-attainment-and-adult-offspring-personality-an-intergenerational-life-span-approach-to-the-origin-of-adult-personality-traits
#9
Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Yannick Stephan, Richard W Robins, Antonio Terracciano
Why do some individuals have more self-control or are more vulnerable to stress than others? Where do these basic personality traits come from? Although a fundamental question in personality, more is known about how traits are related to important life outcomes than their developmental origins. The present research took an intergenerational life span approach to address whether a significant aspect of the childhood environment-parental educational attainment-was associated with offspring personality traits in adulthood...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280452/is-social-mobility-spatial-characteristics-of-immigrant-metros-and-second-generation-outcomes-1940-1970-and-1970-2000
#10
Jamie Goodwin-White
Research on immigrant and second generation outcomes has often examined their locations, following ideas that geographic dispersion facilitates social mobility, and that characteristics of the ethnic environment enable or constrain progress. I contend that second generation socioeconomic outcomes depend in part on the location choices and characteristics of a previous immigrant generation. Further, I suggest that this relationship reflects the changing geography of immigrants and labour markets, rather than geographically unfolding assimilation...
November 2016: Population, Space and Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276169/intergenerational-transfers-and-informal-care-for-disabled-elderly-persons-in-china-evidence-from-charls
#11
Xiaoting Liu, Bei Lu, Zhixin Feng
Aiming at 'ageing healthier and ageing better', a certain amount of high-quality informal care should be available for elderly persons with physical disability as formal care is barely accessible in China. The demographic transition and family structural changes have dramatically weakened traditional norms of filial piety and the structure of intergenerational transfers. This article employed nationwide representative data from the first wave (2011) of Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in order to identify the duration of informal care provision at home for frail elders (1122 in rural areas and 577 in urban areas, total 1699), measured in monthly hours, before estimating the associations between intergenerational transfers and the received time of informal care with Tobit Model analysis...
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273104/labeling-and-intergenerational-transmission-of-crime-the-interaction-between-criminal-justice-intervention-and-a-convicted-parent
#12
Sytske Besemer, David P Farrington, Catrien C J H Bijleveld
Labeling theory suggests that criminal justice interventions amplify offending behavior. Theories of intergenerational transmission suggest why children of convicted parents have a higher risk of offending. This paper combines these two perspectives and investigates whether labeling effects might be stronger for children of convicted parents. We first investigated labeling effects within the individual: we examined the impact of a conviction between ages 19-26 on self-reported offending behavior between 27-32 while controlling for self-reported behavior between 15-18...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271440/global-white-matter-microstructural-abnormalities-associated-with-addiction-liability-score-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-youth
#13
Leslie Hulvershorn, Tom Hummer, Yu-Chien Wu, Ralph Tarter, Parker Rea, Amit Anand, R Andrew Chambers, Peter Finn
Abnormalities in brain white matter (WM) structure have been reported in youths having a family history of substance use disorders (SUDs). It was hypothesized that these abnormalities constitute features of the liability for SUDs transmitted across generations. The association between severity of intergenerational risk for SUD, measured by the Transmissible Liability Index (TLI), and white matter microstructure was examined. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measured WM microstructure in forty-four drug-naïve 10-14 year-olds (N = 19 with parental SUD)...
March 7, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261821/a-contextual-therapy-framework-for-mft-educators-facilitating-trustworthy-asymmetrical-training-relationships
#14
Michael E Sude, Laura Eubanks Gambrel
This article provides a conceptual framework for asymmetrical relationships between family therapy educators and trainees. Our framework is based on contextual family therapy, and we apply the concepts of trust, entitlement, self-validation, and loyalty to training relationships. We highlight the value of educators modeling responsible uses of power in addition to teaching trainees clinical concepts and skills. We propose that training can be a process where trainers earn constructive entitlement through their interactions with trainees, who then give to future clients, supervisees, and trainees to continue the cycle of intergenerational trustworthiness...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257488/pollen-mediated-gene-flow-from-transgenic-perennial-creeping-bentgrass-and-hybridization-at-the-landscape-level
#15
María Luz Zapiola, Carol Ann Mallory-Smith
The planting of 162 ha of transgenic glyphosate-resistant creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) near Madras, OR, USA, allowed a unique opportunity to study gene flow over time from a perennial outcrossing species at the landscape level. While conducting a four year in situ survey, we collected panicles and leaf tissue samples from creeping bentgrass and its sexually compatible species. Seeds from the panicles were planted, and seedlings were tested in the greenhouse for expression of the transgene. Gene flow via pollen was found in all four years, at frequencies of 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254211/babies-born-from-three-young-infertile-sisters-with-premature-ovarian-insufficiency-caused-by-inherited-fragile-x-syndrome-an-intergenerational-report
#16
Chang-Chih Hsieh, Chi-Huang Chen, Szu-Yu Shen, Chii-Ruey Tzeng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243776/intergenerational-conflicts-cultural-restraints-and-suicide-experiences-of-young-african-people-in-adelaide-south-australia
#17
Lillian Mwanri, Eunice Okyere, Mariastella Pulvirenti
This study aimed to explore determinants of increased suicide deaths among African youth in South Australia. The paper reports on the intersectionality between intergenerational conflicts and fatal suicides in the target population. The study employed a qualitative inquiry approach, studying 31 young people in the African community in Adelaide. Intergenerational conflicts were identified as pervasive, with negative implications for the affected individuals, their families, and the entire African community. These led to turmoil in the community, youth isolation, reduced social interactions, stress and fatal suicides...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239993/maternal-betaine-supplementation-in-rats-induces-intergenerational-changes-in-hepatic-igf-1-expression-and-dna-methylation
#18
Nannan Zhao, Shu Yang, Yun Hu, Haibo Dong, Ruqian Zhao
SCOPE: Betaine is widely used in animal nutrition to promote growth. Here we aimed to investigate whether maternal betaine supplementation during pregnancy can exert multigenerational effects on growth across two generations and the possible epigenetic modifications associated to such effects. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, 3-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diet supplemented with 1% betaine throughout the pregnancy and lactation. Betaine-supplemented dams produced bigger litter but smaller F1 pups at birth and weaning...
February 26, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228149/fasciolopsis-buski-digenea-fasciolidae-from-china-and-india-may-represent-distinct-taxa-based-on-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-ribosomal-dna-sequences
#19
Jun Ma, Miao-Miao Sun, Jun-Jun He, Guo-Hua Liu, Lin Ai, Mu-Xin Chen, Xing-Quan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Fasciolopsis buski is a zoonotic intestinal fluke infecting humans and pigs, but it has been seriously neglected. It is yet to know whether there is any genetic diversity among F. buski from different geographical locations, particularly in sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and mitochondrial (mt) DNA. Therefore, we determined the sequences of partial 18S, the complete internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA and the complete mt genome of F. buski from China, compared the rDNA and mtDNA sequences with those of isolates from India and Vietnam, and assessed the phylogenetic relationships of this fluke and related fasciolid trematodes based on the mtDNA dataset...
February 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219837/chronic-maternal-calcium-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-deficiency-in-wistar-rats-programs-abnormal-hepatic-gene-expression-leading-to-hepatic-steatosis-in-female-offspring
#20
Sona S Sharma, Nivedita M Jangale, Abhay M Harsulkar, Medha K Gokhale, Bimba N Joshi
Importance of calcium and vitamin D deficiency is well established in adult dyslipidemia. We hypothesized that maternal calcium and vitamin D deficiency could alter offspring's lipid metabolism. Our objective was to investigate the effect of maternal dietary calcium and vitamin D deficiency on lipid metabolism and liver function of the F1 generation offspring. intergenerational calcium-deficient (CaD) and vitamin D-deficient (VDD) models were developed by mating normal male rats with deficient females and continuing maternal-deficient diets through pregnancy and lactation...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
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