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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909935/nation-narration-and-health-in-mohamedou-ould-slahi-s-guant%C3%A3-namo-diary
#1
Neil Krishan Aggarwal
Scholars have mostly analyzed information from mental health practitioners, attorneys, and institutions to critique mental health practices in the War on Terror. These sources offer limited insights into the suffering of detainees. Detainee accounts provide novel information based on their experiences at Guantánamo. Mohamedou Ould Slahi's Guantánamo Diary is the only text from a current detainee that provides a first-person account of his interrogations and interactions with health professionals. Despite being advertised as a diary, however, it has undergone redaction from American government officials...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906856/radiation-exposure-and-lung-disease-in-today-s-nuclear-world
#2
Steven D Deas, Nikhil Huprikar, Andrew Skabelund
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ionizing radiation poses important health risks. The per capita annual dose rate has increased in the United States and there is increasing concern for the risks posed by low-dose occupational exposure among workers in nuclear industries and healthcare. Recent nuclear accidents and concern for terrorism have heightened concern for catastrophic, high-dose ionizing radiation exposure. This review will highlight recent research into the risks to lung health posed by ionizing radiation exposure and into potential treatments...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894389/-qualitative-study-on-the-current-status-of-hospitalized-burn-children-s-quality-of-life
#3
R Q Lin, L Li, L Xu, Q Pan, J X Dai
Objective: To explore the current status of hospitalized burn children's quality of life, so as to lay foundation for carrying out the related intervention in future. Methods: Using qualitative research method, semi-structured interviews were conducted on 11 parents of burn children hospitalized in Department of Burns of Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from March to May 2016. Then the data were analyzed and concluded with phenomenological analysis method to refine the themes. Results: Parents' description about the current status of hospitalized burn children's quality of life could be summed up into four areas: physiology, psychology, social development, and family; and in six themes: obvious itching symptom, limited movement development, night terror and constant cry because of fear, reduced social game, negative attachment type, and parents under multiple pressures...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878122/europe-on-fire-medical-management-of-terror-attacks-new-era-and-new-considerations
#4
EDITORIAL
Amir Khorram-Manesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866389/do-substance-use-psychosocial-adjustment-and-sexual-experiences-vary-for-dating-violence-victims-based-on-type-of-violent-relationships
#5
Janine M Zweig, Jennifer Yahner, Meredith Dank, Pamela Lachman
BACKGROUND: We examined whether substance use, psychosocial adjustment, and sexual experiences vary for teen dating violence victims by the type of violence in their relationships. We compared dating youth who reported no victimization in their relationships to those who reported being victims of intimate terrorism (dating violence involving one physically violent and controlling perpetrator) and those who reported experiencing situational couple violence (physical dating violence absent the dynamics of power and control)...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862933/patterns-in-response-to-chronic-terrorism-threats-a-construct-of-emotional-cognitive-and-behavioral-responses-among-israeli-citizens
#6
Keren Cohen-Louck, Yael Saka
Israeli citizens are exposed to unpredictable and chronic terrorism threats that significantly jeopardize their personal sense of safety. The purpose of the present study is to present how Israeli discourse is structured with regard to emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to chronic terrorism threats and to understand the range of responses as well as map the risk and protective factors of this existential threat. Semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with 40 Israeli adults (22 women and 18 men)...
November 10, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859150/the-invasion-of-reality-or-of-negotiation-the%C3%A2-psychoanalytic-ethic-and-extinction-anxiety
#7
Nicola Nociforo
Extinction anxiety is the expression used to describe a pervasive and ever more realistic sense of futurelessness. A group emotion characterized by terror of the extinction of the human race, the family, or professional or shared cultural group, it grips the individual with a sense of desperation and impotence through the internal groups present in the mind of every individual. The contribution presented here aims to demonstrate how extinction anxiety has also infected psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic institutions, thereby seriously weakening the ethics of psychoanalysis...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855738/sexsomnia-a-specialized-non-rem-parasomnia
#8
Anne-Laure Dubessy, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Valérie Attali, Jean-Baptiste Maranci, Isabelle Arnulf
OBJECTIVE: To describe patients with sexsomnia and to contrast their clinical and sleep measures with those of healthy controls and sleepwalkers. METHODS: Subjects referred for sexsomnia and for sleepwalking/night terror were interviewed, completed the Paris Arousal Disorder Severity Scale (PADSS) and were monitored one to two nights with video-polysomnography. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (70.6% male, aged 17 to 76 years) had sexsomnia, with amnestic fondling of the bed partner (n=11), complete sexual intercourse (n=8), masturbation (n=8) and spontaneous orgasm (n=1)...
October 28, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855322/standardizing-psycho-medical-torture-during-the-war-on-terror-why-it-happened-how-it-happened-and-why-it-didn-t-work
#9
Myles Balfe
After 9/11/2001 the United States launched a global War on Terror. As part of this War, terrorism suspects were detained by the U.S. military and by the C.I.A. It is now widely recognized that the United States tortured a number of these detainees in the context of its 'enhanced interrogation' programme. This article examines how and why U.S. organizations developed standards that allowed healthcare professionals to become involved in torture; why the standards developed by U.S. security institutions failed to control the actions of enhanced interrogation personnel on the ground; and what the role of standards were in stopping the enhanced interrogation initiative...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855268/hitting-a-moving-target-a-strategic-tool-for-analyzing-terrorist-threats
#10
Ken Coleman, Noriko Ishisoko, Milana Trounce, Kenneth Bernard
The subject of terrorism risk can be confusing for both the general public and for those responsible for protecting us from attack. Relatively minor terrorist threats are often conflated with much more serious ones, in part because it is hard to quantify either intent or technical ability to carry out an attack. Plotting threats on a "potential mass casualties" versus "ease of obtainment or production" matrix creates some order out of a seemingly endless array of worldwide threats, and it highlights those threats that are in need of more urgent attention...
November 17, 2016: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855132/extremity-war-injuries-xi-maintaining-force-readiness-during-an-era-of-military-transition
#11
Col Jeffrey N Davila, Andrew H Schmidt
The symposium Extremity War Injuries XI focused on issues related to the transitions in medical care that are occurring as the focus of the war on terror changes. Titled "Maintaining Force Readiness During an Era of Military Transition," this year's symposium highlighted the results of Department of Defense-funded research in musculoskeletal injury, the evolution of combat casualty care, and the readiness of the fighting force. The issues highlighted related to the force readiness of both troops and their medical support as well as the maintenance of the combat care expertise that has been developed during the last decade of conflict...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849586/origins-of-the-current-seventh-cholera-pandemic
#12
Dalong Hu, Bin Liu, Lu Feng, Peng Ding, Xi Guo, Min Wang, Boyang Cao, Peter R Reeves, Lei Wang
Vibrio cholerae has caused seven cholera pandemics since 1817, imposing terror on much of the world, but bacterial strains are currently only available for the sixth and seventh pandemics. The El Tor biotype seventh pandemic began in 1961 in Indonesia, but did not originate directly from the classical biotype sixth-pandemic strain. Previous studies focused mainly on the spread of the seventh pandemic after 1970. Here, we analyze in unprecedented detail the origin, evolution, and transition to pandemicity of the seventh-pandemic strain...
November 14, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836158/the-clinical-threat-assessment-of-the-lone-actor-terrorist
#13
REVIEW
J Reid Meloy, Jacqueline Genzman
The Terrorist Radicalization Assessment Protocol (TRAP-18) is a structured professional judgment instrument for the assessment of individuals who present a concern for lone-actor terrorism. It consists of eight proximal warning behaviors and 10 distal characteristics. Previous research has demonstrated its interrater reliability and some concurrent and postdictive validity. In this article, TRAP-18 is retrospectively applied to the case of US Army psychiatrist and jihadist Malik Nidal Hasan, who committed a mass murder at Fort Hood, Texas in 2009...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832897/a-7-year-old-boy-with-sudden-onset-of-loud-snoring
#14
Lourdes M DelRosso
A 7-year-old boy was referred for evaluation of loud nightly snoring. Snoring started suddenly 2 weeks prior to presentation and grew progressively worse. Currently, the parents witnessed breathing pauses and gasping at night. The parents moved the child to a recliner to be able to breathe better, but the snoring and apneas persisted. There was no sleepwalking, night terrors, or nocturnal enuresis. During the day, the boy did not endorse symptoms of excessive sleepiness. The review of systems was negative for fever, weight loss, night sweats, sore throat, dysphagia, nasal congestion, ear pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, stridor, and abdominal pain...
November 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831737/a-longitudinal-study-of-psychological-distress-and-exposure-to-trauma-reminders-after-terrorism
#15
Kristin A Glad, Gertrud S Hafstad, Tine K Jensen, Grete Dyb
Objective: The aim of this study was threefold: (1) to examine the type and frequency of trauma reminders reported by survivors 2.5 years after a terrorist attack; (2) to examine whether frequency of exposure to trauma reminders is associated with psychological distress and level of functioning; and (3) to compare the worst trauma reminders reported by the same survivors at 2 different time points. Method: Participants were 261 survivors (52.1% male; Mage = 22.1 years, SD = 4.76) of the 2011 massacre on Utøya Island, Norway, who were interviewed face-to-face 14-15 and 30-32 months postterror...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827976/simultaneous-life-detection-and-localization-using-a-wideband-chaotic-signal-with-an-embedded-tone
#16
Li Liu, Chaoyi Guo, Jingxia Li, Hang Xu, Jianguo Zhang, Bingjie Wang
A hybrid life detection radar system which transmits a wideband chaotic signal containing an embedded single-tone is proposed. The chaotic signal is used for target localization by the time-domain correlation method and synthetic aperture technique, and the single-tone signal is used to measure the frequencies of breathing and heartbeat based on an on-chip split-ring integrated sensor and Michelson interference principle. Experimental results in free space and in through-wall scenarios demonstrate that the system can realize human detection and localization simultaneously with high range resolution, high sensitivity, and large dynamic range without complex signal processing...
November 6, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826261/inhibition-underlies-the-effect-of-high-need-for-closure-on-cultural-closed-mindedness-under-mortality-salience
#17
Dmitrij Agroskin, Eva Jonas, Johannes Klackl, Mike Prentice
The hypothesis that people respond to reminders of mortality with closed-minded, ethnocentric attitudes has received extensive empirical support, largely from research in the Terror Management Theory (TMT) tradition. However, the basic motivational and neural processes that underlie this effect remain largely hypothetical. According to recent neuropsychological theorizing, mortality salience (MS) effects on cultural closed-mindedness may be mediated by activity in the behavioral inhibition system (BIS), which leads to passive avoidance and decreased approach motivation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825363/pre-hospital-management-of-mass-casualty-civilian-shootings-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
Conor D A Turner, David J Lockey, Marius Rehn
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty civilian shootings present an uncommon but recurring challenge to emergency services around the world and produce unique management demands. On the background of a rising threat of transnational terrorism worldwide, emergency response strategies are of critical importance. This study aims to systematically identify, describe and appraise the quality of indexed and non-indexed literature on the pre-hospital management of modern civilian mass shootings to guide future practice...
November 8, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823672/fabrication-of-l-cysteine-capped-cdte-quantum-dots-based-ratiometric-fluorescence-nanosensor-for-onsite-visual-determination-of-trace-tnt-explosive
#19
Jing Qian, Mengjuan Hua, Chengquan Wang, Kan Wang, Qian Liu, Nan Hao, Kun Wang
New strategies for onsite determination of trace 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) explosives have become a research hotspot for homeland security needs against terrorism and environmental concerns. Herein, we designed a ratiometric fluorescence nanohybrid comprising 3-mercaptopropionic acid-capped green-emitting CdTe quantum dots (gQDs) encapsulated into SiO2 sphere and l-cysteine (Lcys)-capped red-emitting CdTe QDs (rQDs) conjugated onto SiO2 surface. The surface Lcys can be used as not only the stabilizer of the rQDs but also the primary amine provider which can react with TNT to form Meisenheimer complexes...
November 23, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821367/a-blast-from-the-past-civilians-immediate-psychological-reactions-and-associative-memory-of-prior-events-following-exploding-bus-in-israel
#20
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos, Michal Mahat-Shamir
This study examined the association between self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events and psychological distress up to 48h after a terror attack. To date, the number of studies that examined this association is very small and most were conducted weeks or even months post event. For this purpose, we examined the association between self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events beyond factors such as previous exposure to trauma, political shift and sense of safety. The results showed that self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events were significantly associated with psychological distress...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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