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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421962/nurse-s-key-role-after-swedish-attack
#1
(no author information available yet)
A nurse has spoken about being one of the first people on the scene of a terror attack in the Swedish capital Stockholm this month.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418689/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-chemical-inhalational-disasters-biology-of-lung-injury-development-of-novel-therapeutics-and-medical-preparedness
#2
Eleanor M Summerhill, Gary W Hoyle, Sven-Eric Jordt, Bronwen J Jugg, James G Martin, Sadis Matalon, Steven E Patterson, David J Prezant, Alfred M Sciuto, Erik R Svendsen, Carl W White, Livia Veress
This report is based upon the proceedings from the Inhalational Lung Injury Workshop jointly sponsored by the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the National Institute of Health (NIH)/National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Countermeasures Against Chemical Threats (CounterACT) program on May 21, 2013 in Philadelphia, PA. The CounterACT program facilitates research leading to the development of new and improved medical countermeasures for chemical threat agents. The workshop was initiated by the Terrorism and Inhalational Disasters (TID) Section of the Environmental, Occupational, and Population Health Assembly (EOPH) of the ATS...
April 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412453/in-vitro-mercaptopyruvate-sulfurtransferase-species-comparison-in-humans-and-common-laboratory-animals
#3
Bryant M Moeller, Daune L Crankshaw, Jacquie Briggs, Herbert Nagasawa, Steven E Patterson
Cyanide is a metabolic poison that inhibits cytochrome c oxidase. Its broad applications in manufacturing and history as an agent of warfare/terror highlight the limitations in approved cyanide antidotes for mass casualties. Sulfanegen, a pre-clinical antidote for cyanide poisoning, exploits an endogenous detoxification pathway and should be amenable to mass-casualty scenarios. Because human studies are unethical, determination of appropriate animal species as models in translational studies for FDA approval under the "Animal Rule" are critical...
April 12, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411937/preparing-for-international-travel-and-global-medical-care
#4
REVIEW
Swaminatha V Mahadevan, Matthew C Strehlow
Thorough pretravel preparation and medical consultation can mitigate avoidable health and safety risks. A comprehensive pretravel medical consultation should include an individualized risk assessment, immunization review, and discussion of arthropod protective measures, malaria prophylaxis, traveler's diarrhea, and injury prevention. Travel with children and jet lag reduction require additional planning and prevention strategies; travel and evacuation insurance may prove essential when traveling to less resourced countries...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405894/addressing-the-needs-of-children-with-disabilities-experiencing-disaster-or-terrorism
#5
REVIEW
Laura M Stough, Elizabeth McAdams Ducy, Donghyun Kang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews the empirical literature on psychosocial factors relating to children with disabilities in the context of disaster or terrorism. RECENT FINDINGS: Research indicates adults with disabilities experience increased exposure to hazards due to existing social disparities and barriers associated with disability status. However, studies on the psychological effects of disaster/terrorism on children with pre-existing disabilities are exceedingly few and empirical evidence of the effectiveness of trauma-focused therapies for this population is limited...
April 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401799/book-review-the-psychology-of-terrorism-horgan-j-2014-the-psychology-of-terrorism-2nd-ed-new-york-ny-routledge-184-pp-isbn-978-0-415-69800-9-hbk-isbn-978-0-415-69802-3-pbk-isbn-978-1-315-88224-6-ebk-rrp-usd-54-95
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397251/lone-actor-terrorism-and-impulsivity
#7
J Reid Meloy, Jeffrey W Pollard
In some recent cases of lone-actor terrorism, there is evidence the subject acted impulsively, often in response to a triggering event which contained a loss and humiliation. Evidence suggests the subjects acted precipitously, despite planning and preparation carried out in the preceding weeks or months, and their attacks failed to include the often considerable preparation that had been done. The pathway became a runway. The authors recommend the traditional assessment of impulsivity in persons of concern for lone acts of terrorism, as well as other proximal warning behaviors for targeted violence...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391139/shadows-of-the-past-and-threats-of-the-future-isis-anxiety-among-grandchildren-of-holocaust-survivors
#8
Yaakov Hoffman, Amit Shrira
The current study examined intergenerational transmission of trauma in grandchildren of Holocaust survivors. While many typically do not find evidence for such effects, careful reading of the relevant literature suggests conditions under which such effects may be obtained. Following, we made use of three factors. First, we took the number of grandparents exposed to the Holocaust into account. Second, we examined participants who were exposed to present terror and displayed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
April 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386930/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-pregnant-australian-indigenous-women-residing-in-rural-and-remote-new-south-wales-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#9
Beth Mah, Loretta Weatherall, Julie Burrows, Caroline C Blackwell, Josephine Gwynn, Pathik Wadhwa, Eugenie R Lumbers, Roger Smith, Kym M Rae
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy can be a stressful time for many women. There is ample evidence of numerous physical and mental health inequities for Indigenous Australians. For those Indigenous women who are pregnant, it is established that there is a higher incidence of poor physical perinatal outcomes when compared with non-Indigenous Australians. However, little evidence exists that examines stressful events and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in pregnant women who are members of this community...
April 7, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386683/-quality-indicators-for-rescue-operations-in-terrorist-attacks-or-other-threats-a%C3%A2-pilot-study-after-the-w%C3%A3-rzburg-terrorist-attack-of-july-2016
#10
T Wurmb, P Justice, S Dietz, R Schua, T Jarausch, U Kinstle, J Greiner, G Möldner, J Müller, M Kraus, S Simon, U Wagenhäuser, N Roewer, M Helm
BACKGROUND: Terrorist attacks have become reality in Germany. The aim of this work was, after the Würzburg terrorist attack, to define quality indicators and application characteristics for rescue missions in life-threatening situations. The results can be used to record data from future missions using this template in order to make them comparable with each other. METHODS: After approval of the local ethic committee, the first step was to designate a group of experts in order to define the template in a consensus process...
April 6, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383980/risk-assessment-and-the-prevention-of-radicalization-from-nonviolence-into-terrorism
#11
Kiran M Sarma
This article considers the challenges associated with completing risk assessments in countering violent extremism. In particular, it is concerned with risk assessment of those who come to the attention of government and nongovernment organizations as being potentially on a trajectory toward terrorism and where there is an obligation to consider the potential future risk that they may pose. Risk assessment in this context is fraught with difficulty, primarily due to the variable nature of terrorism, the low base-rate problem, and the dearth of strong evidence on relevant risk and resilience factors...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383979/revenge-versus-rapport-interrogation-terrorism-and-torture
#12
Laurence Alison, Emily Alison
This review begins with the historical context of harsh interrogation methods that have been used repeatedly since the Second World War. This is despite the legal, ethical and moral sanctions against them and the lack of evidence for their efficacy. Revenge-motivated interrogations (Carlsmith & Sood, 2009) regularly occur in high conflict, high uncertainty situations and where there is dehumanization of the enemy. These methods are diametrically opposed to the humanization process required for adopting rapport-based methods-for which there is an increasing corpus of studies evidencing their efficacy...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383978/toward-a-psychology-of-humiliation-in-asymmetric-conflict
#13
Clark McCauley
Humiliation is often cited in attempts to understand the origins of asymmetric conflicts, especially conflicts involving terrorism. This article reviews common usage, expert opinion, and experiences in interpersonal and intergroup conflicts to suggest a construct definition of humiliation as a combination of anger and shame. Following appraisal theory, this definition distinguishes between the situational appraisals associated with humiliation (insult and injury; failure to retaliate) and the emotional experience of humiliation (in which the combination of anger and shame may be more synergism than summation)...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383977/recruitment-and-selection-in-violent-extremist-organizations-exploring-what-industrial-and-organizational-psychology-might-contribute
#14
Samuel T Hunter, Neil D Shortland, Matthew P Crayne, Gina S Ligon
For many terrorist organizations, also known as violent extremist organizations (VEOs), their ability to perpetuate violence is often contingent upon successful recruitment and selection of organizational members. Although academic work on terrorist recruitment and selection has improved in recent years, researchers have generally focused more heavily on aspects of radicalization rather than organization attraction and entry. Moreover, a number of terrorism scholars have lamented the lack of conceptual frameworks with which to interpret and extend findings linked to recruitment and selection, specifically...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383976/there-and-back-again-the-study-of-mental-disorder-and-terrorist-involvement
#15
Paul Gill, Emily Corner
For the past 40 years, researchers studied the relationship between mental disorder and terrorist involvement. The literature developed in 4 paradigms, each of which differs in terms of their empirical evidence, the specific mental disorders studied, and their conceptualizations of terrorist involvement. These paradigms have not, however, witnessed linear and incremental improvements upon 1 another. Although 1 paradigm has generally tended to dominate a temporal period, many false assumptions and incorrect interpretations of earlier work permeate into today's discourse...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383973/psychology-of-terrorism-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#16
John G Horgan
Despite the extraordinary social and political consequences often associated with terrorist violence, as well as our responses to it, psychological research on terrorist behavior is conspicuously underdeveloped. This special issue of American Psychologist presents a series of articles that showcase new conceptual, theoretical, and empirical advances in our understanding of terrorism. In doing so, it seeks to not merely summarize recent accomplishments, but to highlight the immense value of explicitly psychological research on these issues, far more of which is called for to realize the potential for informing solutions...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373656/trauma-and-contemporary-forms-of-subjectivity-contributions-of-argentine-psychoanalysis
#17
Juan Carlos Volnovich
This paper offers arguments to justify the relevance of psychoanalysis-psychoanalyses-in present-day Argentina and reflects on the stance taken by psychoanalysts with different theoretical perspectives in the face of the havoc wreaked by state terror (1976-1983). To this end, the author focuses on the pioneers' traits, the significance of the Argentine Psychoanalytic Association in the 1950s and 1960s, and the impact of the departure of the Plataforma Group in 1971. The establishment of the latter opened the way for the development of a psychoanalysis tied to popular movements, sensitive to social conflict, and close to human rights organizations...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371287/ptsd-and-ptg-among-israeli-mothers-opposite-facets-of-exposure-to-terrorism
#18
Mally Shechory Bitton, Avital Laufer
The aim of the this study was to test the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), posttraumatic growth (PTG), and coping strategies among Israeli mothers with prolonged exposure to rocket missiles. One hundred fifty-two mothers, from the Western Negev region of Israel, took part in the study. Respondents were affected by prolonged exposure to missile attacks even when they themselves had not been hit or injured. A positive correlation was found between PTSD and PTG. Problem-focused coping was found to mediate the relationship between PTSD and PTG; the higher the PTSD, the greater the use of problem-focused coping and the greater the posttraumatic growth...
April 3, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369970/the-name-of-the-piggle-reconsidering-winnicott-s-classic-case-in-light-of-some-conversations-with-the-adult-gabrielle
#19
Deborah Anna Luepnitz
On the 40th anniversary of its publication, the author re-reads Winnicott's The Piggle - a case of 'on demand analysis' with a child suffering from psychotic night terrors - in light of new information about the patient. Conversations between the author and 'Gabrielle' explore two areas not regarded as priorities by Winnicott: the transgenerational transmission of pathology/trauma, and the ways that language, in general - and given names, in particular - organize individual subjectivity. The question raised is to what degree Winnicott - who described the treatment as "psychoanalysis partagé [shared]" due to the parents' involvement - thought of the pathology itself as 'shared...
April 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364495/sexsomnia-a-specialized-non-rem-parasomnia
#20
Anne-Laure Dubessy, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Valérie Attali, Jean-Baptiste Maranci, Isabelle Arnulf
Introduction: To describe patients with sexsomnia and to contrast their clinical and sleep measures with those of healthy controls and sleepwalkers. Aims and Methods: Subjects referred for sexsomnia and for sleepwalking/night terror were interviewed, completed the Paris Arousal Disorder Severity Scale (PADSS), and were monitored 1-2 nights with video-polysomnography. Results: Seventeen patients (70.6% male, aged 17-76 years) had sexsomnia, with amnestic fondling of the bed partner (n = 11), complete sexual intercourse (n = 8), masturbation (n = 8), and spontaneous orgasm (n = 1)...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
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