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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046493/sp-current-global-standards-for-chemical-protective-clothing-how-to-choose-the-right-protection-for-the-right-job
#1
Eric VAN Wely
The first standards for chemical protective clothing (CPC) emerged mid to late 1980's and have evolved since as most standards are revisited every 5 years. Over the past years, we have also seen a strengthening of the chemical and worker protection legislation around the globe (various forms of REACH) but also protection of workers. The most prevalent standards originate under the auspices of the International Standards Organisation (ISO), European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) or under various US standards organisations (e...
October 17, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038689/making-connections-exploring-the-centrality-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-covariates-after-a-terrorist-attack
#2
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Trond Heir
Background: Posttraumatic stress symptoms are interconnected. Knowledge about which symptoms of posttraumatic stress are more strongly interconnected or central than others may have implications for the targeting of clinical interventions. Exploring whether symptoms of posttraumatic stress may be differentially related to covariates can contribute to our knowledge on how posttraumatic stress symptoms arise and are maintained. Objective: This study aimed to identify the most central symptoms of posttraumatic stress and their interconnections, and to explore how covariates such as exposure, sex, neuroticism, and social support are related to the network of symptoms of posttraumatic stress...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035078/overrepresentation-of-extreme-events-in-decision-making-reflects-rational-use-of-cognitive-resources
#3
Falk Lieder, Thomas L Griffiths, Ming Hsu
People's decisions and judgments are disproportionately swayed by improbable but extreme eventualities, such as terrorism, that come to mind easily. This article explores whether such availability biases can be reconciled with rational information processing by taking into account the fact that decision makers value their time and have limited cognitive resources. Our analysis suggests that to make optimal use of their finite time decision makers should overrepresent the most important potential consequences relative to less important, put potentially more probable, outcomes...
October 16, 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031378/-terrorism-youth-ideals-and-paranoia
#4
Ariane Bilheran
Adolescence is a period of initiation during which individuals learn to free themselves from the hold of their impulses. Fanaticism prevents this process: the subject regresses into a paranoid-type sectarian and murderous way of functioning. The fanaticism of the adolescent could thereby be related to a distorted spiritual search for his or her purpose.
October 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031158/a-potential-contribution-to-human-identification-using-peri-mortem-trauma-an-example-from-peru
#5
Jose P Baraybar
This is an exploratory study into the need for additional lines of forensic evidence in humanitarian cases using applied research. One hundred and twenty four, still unidentified terrorism inmates, were killed after surrendering to the Peruvian Army once it took control of the San Pedro-Lurigancho prison in Lima, Peru in 1986. Two questions are put forward: first, to what extent mechanism of injury (gunshot, blunt, sharp force) and bodily distribution of those injuries allow us to classify individuals into discrete sub-groups of people? The second question is to what respect can such a classification become an additional line of evidence assisting in generating hypotheses of identity regarding those individuals? The analysis of the 109 recovered bodies and their associated evidence show a sub group of four individuals differentiated from the rest based on the combination of injuries (gunshot and blunt force trauma), opposing trajectories and weapons...
September 21, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029239/what-does-the-sleeping-brain-say-syntax-and-semantics-of-sleep-talking-in-healthy-subjects-and-in-parasomnia-patients
#6
Isabelle Arnulf, Ginevra Uguccioni, Frederick Gay, Etienne Baldayrou, Jean-Louis Golmard, Frederique Gayraud, Alain Devevey
Objectives: Speech is a complex function in humans, but the linguistic characteristics of sleep talking are unknown. We analyzed sleep-associated speech in adults, mostly (92%) during parasomnias. Methods: The utterances recorded during night-time video-polysomnography were analyzed for number of words, propositions and speech episodes, frequency, gaps and pauses (denoting turn-taking in the conversation), lemmatization, verbosity, negative/imperative/interrogative tone, first/second person, politeness and abuse...
October 5, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018824/leadership-and-bullying-in-the-forestry-organization-of-turkey
#7
Mahmut M Bayramoğlu, Devlet Toksoy
It is observed that the importance of executive-employee relationships is continuously increasing in today's professional life in addition to the importance of leadership types of managers along with the efficiency of employees as well as the sufficiency of these people in their social relations. Communication of employees with one another and with their manager, along with their social relations, is among the most important factors that sustain an organization. Bullying is a kind of psychological terror that takes place in the form of repeated attacks among workers, as well as by the manager on the employees, aiming to instill stress, job dissatisfaction, and exhaustion on the employees...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018394/distress-levels-among-parents-of-active-duty-soldiers-during-wartime
#8
Shahar Bitton, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach, Sara Freedman
Objective: Military service is a highly stressful period both for the soldiers serving and for their parents. Surprisingly, parents' experience has been mostly ignored in the research. This study's goal is to shed light on the experience and distress levels of parents of active duty combat soldiers during Operation Protective Edge, a military operation carried out by the Israel Defense Forces during July and August of 2014. Methods: During the advanced stages of the operation, 69 parents of Israeli male combat soldiers (55 mothers and 14 fathers) completed an online survey measuring symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD-Checklist-5) and distress (Brief Symptom Inventory-18)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017637/intimate-terrorism-and-situational-couple-violence-classification-variability-across-five-methods-to-distinguish-johnson-s-violent-relationship-types
#9
Jessica J Eckstein
Johnson's (1995, 2008) theory of violent relationship types represents an opportunity to resolve debates surrounding intimate partner violence (IPV) prevalence and to adapt policy and treatment options for victims accordingly. However, the use of quantitative methods to distinguish between situational couple violence (SCV) and intimate terrorism (IT) remains in its initial stages of discovery. This study included a 2-phase (N = 840; via targeted community and agency sampling) online survey design comparing the utility and grouping variability across 5 methods of IT/SCV classification: victimization-variables and coercive-control-variable hierarchical clustering, vignette-choice, cutoff scoring, and expert coding...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016175/missing-developmental-and-sociocultural-perspectives-comment-on-the-psychology-of-terrorism-special-issue-2017
#10
Cynthia García Coll, Amy K Marks
Two critical perspectives were missing from the special issue entitled "Psychology of Terrorism": developmental and sociocultural. From a developmental point of view, the fact that most individuals who engage in terrorist groups or terroristic acts are young men is critically important. Perspectives from adolescent development, neuroscience, and social psychology can shed light on why this is the case. In addition, sociocultural perspectives are needed to answer important community-level questions, such as why some communities are more prone to having youth recruited for terrorism than others...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992546/differences-in-posttraumatic-stress-characteristics-by-duration-of-exposure-to-trauma
#11
Aviva Goral, Mooli Lahad, Limor Aharonson-Daniel
Ongoing exposure of civilian populations to war and terror is associated with adverse responses beyond those specified in DSM-5 for PTSD. Current PTSD assessment practices are not fully sensitive to the complex symptomatic picture observed among individuals exposed to ongoing stress and are therefore limited for use in these situations. The current survey aimed to portray the posttraumatic characteristics most salient to ongoing exposure to political conflict. A questionnaire enquiring about various aspects of the posttraumatic consequences of ongoing exposure to political conflict as compared with those associated with a single exposure to trauma was disseminated to therapists throughout the country...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985437/the-role-of-gamma-interbrain-synchrony-in-social-coordination-when-humans-face-territorial-threats
#12
Yan Mu, Shihui Han, Michele J Gelfand
Throughout history and into the modern era, human groups have been continually subjected to a wide range of societal threats, from natural disasters to pandemics to terrorism. Yet despite this fundamental aspect of human existence, there has been little research on how societal threat affects social coordination at both the neural and the behavioral level. Here, we show for the first time that individuals are better able to coordinate under high societal threat as compared to low or no threat (Experiment 1)...
July 27, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985193/medical-and-policy-considerations-for-nuclear-and-radiation-accidents-incidents-and-terrorism
#13
Robert Peter Gale
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to address the increasing medical and public concern regarding the health consequences of radiation exposure, a concern shaped not only by fear of another Chernobyl or Fukushima nuclear power facility accident but also by the intentional use of a nuclear weapon, a radiological dispersion device, a radiological exposure device, or an improved nuclear device by rogue states such as North Korea and terrorist organizations such as Al Qaeda and ISIS...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972356/-in-search-for-the-grave-of-100-poles-executed-on-march-20-1942-in-zgierz-poland-research-by-sigo-network-for-genetic-identification-of-victims
#14
Renata Jacewicz, Andrzej Ossowski, Olgierd Ławrynowicz, Maciej Jędrzejczyk, Adam Prośniak, Katarzyna Bąbol-Pokora, Marta Diepenbroek, Maria Szargut, Grażyna Zielińska, Jarosław Berent
It can be reasonably assumed that remains exhumed in 2012 and 2013 during archaeological explorations conducted in the Lućmierz Forest, an important area on the map of the German Nazi terror in the region of Lodz (Poland), are in fact the remains of a hundred Poles murdered by the Nazis in Zgierz on March 20, 1942. By virtue of a decision of the Polish Institute of National Remembrance's Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes Against the Polish Nation, the verification of this research hypothesis was entrusted to SIGO (Network for Genetic Identification of Victims) Consortium appointed by virtue of an agreement of December 11, 2015...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968529/the-hidden-costs-of-terrorism-the-effects-on-health-at-birth
#15
Climent Quintana-Domeque, Pedro Ródenas-Serrano
We study the effects of in utero exposure to terrorism in Spain on birth outcomes, focusing on terrorism perpetrated by ETA during the period 1980-2003. We find that in utero exposure to terrorism early in pregnancy, as measured by the number of bomb casualties in the mother's province of residence in the first trimester of pregnancy, has detrimental effects on birth outcomes: in terms of average birth weight (lower), prevalence of low birth weight (higher) and fraction of "normal" babies (lower). While our findings are robust to a host of potential threats to validity, they seem to be driven by exposure to a relatively large number of bomb casualties...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956713/efficacy-for-dealing-with-terrorism-precautionary-behavior-laying-the-groundwork-for-communication-effectiveness
#16
Philip W Wirtz, Cynthia A Rohrbeck
In order to formulate effective communication and intervention strategies to respond to the widespread lack of preparedness for public health crises resulting from natural and human-made disasters, researchers have developed models describing the interrelationships between factors associated with emergency preparedness decisions. Empirical research has generally assumed that two key elements of most health behavior theories-self-efficacy and response efficacy-additively influence the decision to prepare, despite compelling theoretical rationale for an interactive relationship...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953759/part-ii-muslims-perceptions-of-british-cobat-troops
#17
Ahmed Hankir, Frederick R Carrick, Rashid Zaman, Jamie Hacker Hughes
BACKGROUND: On the 22(nd) May 2017, suicide bomber Salman Abedi detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) in the Manchester Arena killing 22 people and injuring 116 others. Following the 'massacre in Manchester', the leader of the Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, linked UK foreign policy with terrorism on British soil. Controversial and contentious though Corbyn's claims may be, the terrorists themselves have also reported that what motivates them to carry out their abominable atrocities are British military operations in Muslim majority countries...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951946/-treatment-of-the-injured-in-mass-casualty-incidents-and-victims-of-terrorism
#18
EDITORIAL
R Schwab, C-T Germer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951697/organophosphate-poisoning-and-terrorism
#19
Tetsuya Tanimoto, Yasuo Oshima, Koichiro Yuji, Akihiko Ozaki, Masahiro Kami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951140/do-previous-experience-and-geographic-proximity-matter-possible-predictors-for-diagnosing-adjustment-disorder-vs-ptsd
#20
Michal Mahat-Shamir, Lia Ring, Yaira Hamama-Raz, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos, Udi Y David, Adi Zaken, Osnat Lavenda
The minority of people who have experienced a traumatic event and were diagnosed as either suffering from PTSD or from Adjustment disorder, may suggest that victims of a traumatic event vary in risk factors for the disorders. The current research aimed at examining the association between reports of Adjustment disorder and PTSD symptoms (In accordance with the proposed revisions of the ICD-11) and several vulnerability variables: previous traumatic event, previous stressful event and physical proximity to the terror attack...
August 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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