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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541814/encounters-with-offspring-help-terminally-ill-adult-patients-cope-with-death-anxiety
#1
Erez Yaakobi
This overview of recent work drawing on the theories of Terror Management and Symbolic Immortality suggests practical ways of helping the terminally ill to cope with death anxiety and its potential effects. The literature review shows that parenthood can act as an anxiety buffer mechanism against the fear of death but that individual differences, including attachment avoidance, moderate this association. Encounters with adult patients' offspring may help minimize fear of death, improve coping, and increase quality of life and emotional well-being...
May 25, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541786/concern-and-death-anxiety-during-an-ongoing-terror-wave-the-moderating-role-of-direct-vs-indirect-exposure
#2
Michal Mahat-Shamir, Yaira Hamama-Raz, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos, Adi Zaken, Udi Y David, Yoav S Bergman
The current study examined whether emotional concern over one's security situation is connected with death anxiety during an ongoing terror wave, and whether type of exposure (media exposure vs. contact with witnesses) moderates this connection. 345 individuals, aged 18-70, were sampled during an ongoing wave of terror in Israel, and filled out scales measuring death anxiety, concern over security situation, and type of exposure. Results indicated that increased concern was connected with enhanced death anxiety...
May 25, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536808/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-assessment-prevention-and-intervention
#3
REVIEW
Leo Wolmer, Daniel Hamiel, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to review the research literature regarding the needs of preschoolers in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding the existing methods for assessment, prevention, and intervention to provide recommendations and point out required research and development. RECENT FINDINGS: We differentiate between screening tools that provide initial evaluation and assessment tools for diagnosing preschooler children's pathology and review possible interventions that address the preschool child's needs before, during, and after the incident itself...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534295/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-clinical-pictures-and-moderating-factors
#4
REVIEW
Daniel Hamiel, Leo Wolmer, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper surveys the existent theoretical and research literature regarding the needs of preschool children in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding (a) the consequences of such events for young children and (b) the main moderating variables influencing the event-consequence association to learn how to enhance their resilience. RECENT FINDINGS: Consequences include a variety of emotional, behavioral, and biological outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513404/-a-bomb-attack-in-the-netherlands-how-would-we-provide-hospital-care
#5
J J M Haverkort, M B de Jong, L L van Spengler, L P H Leenen
- There is an ever-present threat of large-scale incidents and disasters, such as terrorism and natural disasters.- Preparation and planning are the key to successful response to major incidents and disasters, which is why education, training sessions and exercises take place in the Netherlands.- Analysis of recent large-scale incidents in Europe and the USA emphasises the importance of adequate distribution of the wounded to centres where the correct care can be provided.- A major step has been taken in the Netherlands to provide for such an eventuality with the introduction of distribution plans for the wounded, and other initiatives such as a regional hospital disaster plan...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513054/is-there-a-common-motor-dysregulation-in-sleepwalking-and-rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder
#6
Mehdi Haridi, Sebastian Weyn Banningh, Marion Clé, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Marie Vidailhet, Isabelle Arnulf
This study sought to determine if there is any overlap between the two major non-rapid eye movement and rapid eye movement parasomnias, i.e. sleepwalking/sleep terrors and rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. We assessed adult patients with sleepwalking/sleep terrors using rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder screening questionnaires and determined if they had enhanced muscle tone during rapid eye movement sleep. Conversely, we assessed rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder patients using the Paris Arousal Disorders Severity Scale and determined if they had more N3 awakenings...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511486/a-review-on-detection-and-treatment-methods-of-sleep-apnea
#7
REVIEW
Rajeswari Jayaraj, Jagannath Mohan, Adalarasu Kanagasabai
This paper presents a review on detection and treatment methods of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is the most common type of breathing-related sleep disorder. It manifests in a variety of behaviours from teeth grinding to night terrors as involuntary night-time events. The most common sleep disorders are narcolepsy, hypersomnia, sleep talking, sleep walking, and bedwetting. Sleep apnea (somnipathy) is a serious sleep disorder that pauses breathing while sleeping. Breathing pauses occur 30 times or more during sleep and it lasts for few seconds to minutes, when normal breathing starts after this pause...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508452/mental-health-cost-of-terrorism-study-of-the-charlie-hebdo-attack-in-paris
#8
Dongyoung Kim, Young-I Albert Kim
This study examines whether a terrorist attack in a developed country, which does not cause major damage to its capital stocks, affects the mental health of its residents. By exploiting variations in survey dates of the European Social Survey, we use a difference-in-differences strategy to show that the attack adversely affects subjective well-being and mental health measures of French respondents. These negative effects are stronger for immigrants and low-income individuals. The impact is less dramatic for politically extreme right-wing supporters...
May 15, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508000/knowledge-and-attitude-of-iranian-red-crescent-society-volunteers-in-dealing-with-chemical-attacks
#9
Maryam Nadjafi, Siavash Hamzeh Pour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and preparedness of Mahabad Red Crescent Society volunteers in dealing with chemical attacks. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 120 Red Crescent Society volunteers in Mahabad City, Iran, during 2014-2015.The knowledge of the volunteers was evaluated and rated using a questionnaire as poor, moderate, and good. Also, the attitude of the volunteers towards the chemical attacks and their preparedness were rated as appropriate and inappropriate using a questionnaire...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480602/nursing-students-death-anxiety-and-fear-towards-dementia-patients
#10
Ellen L McKenzie, Patricia M Brown
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between death anxiety (DA) and fear towards patients according to the age and illness of the patient. METHODS: A sample of 94 undergraduate nursing students from an Australian university were presented with a hypothetical patient, who varied by age (29 years or 71 years) and illness (arthritis, cancer or dementia). They then completed measures of DA and fear towards the patient. RESULTS: Older patients with dementia were associated with higher DA compared to all other conditions...
May 8, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476256/-the-post-traumatic-nightmare-or-the-ghost-of-past-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Pierrick Disdier
The post-traumatic nightmare is the reliving of traumatic scenes during sleep and is linked to post-traumatic stress disorder. Unlike other forms of dreams, it can happen at any stage of sleep, invasively, and makes the person relive their traumatic scenario, which can plunge them into a state of terror and shock. Post-traumatic nightmares thereby maintain and reactivate the traumatic memory. However, narration techniques can lead to a marked improvement and even the disappearance of these nightmares.
May 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475424/metabolic-dysregulation-after-neutron-exposures-expected-from-an-improvised-nuclear-device
#12
Evagelia C Laiakis, Yi-Wen Wang, Erik F Young, Andrew D Harken, Yanping Xu, Lubomir Smilenov, Guy Y Garty, David J Brenner, Albert J Fornace
The increased threat of terrorism across the globe has raised fears that certain groups will acquire and use radioactive materials to inflict maximum damage. In the event that an improvised nuclear device (IND) is detonated, a potentially large population of victims will require assessment for radiation exposure. While photons will contribute to a major portion of the dose, neutrons may be responsible for the severity of the biologic effects and cellular responses. We investigated differences in response between these two radiation types by using metabolomics and lipidomics to identify biomarkers in urine and blood of wild-type C57BL/6 male mice...
May 5, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472554/efficacy-of-intravenous-cobinamide-versus-hydroxocobalamin-or-saline-for-treatment-of-severe-hydrogen-sulfide-toxicity-in-a-swine-sus-scrofa-model
#13
Vikhyat S Bebarta, Normalynn Garrett, Matthew Brenner, Sari Mahon, Joseph K Maddry, Susan Boudreau, Maria Castaneda, Gerard Boss
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a potentially deadly gas that naturally occurs in petroleum and natural gas. The Occupational Health and Safety Administration cites H2S as a leading cause of workplace gas inhalation deaths. Mass casualties of H2S toxicity may be caused by exposure from industrial accidents or release from oil field sites. H2S is also an attractive terrorism tool because of its high toxicity and ease with which it can be produced. Several potential antidotes have been proposed for hydrogen sulfide poisoning but none have been completely successful...
May 4, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470633/-anxiety-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-refugees-a-systematic-review
#14
Jutta Lindert, Ondine S von Ehrenstein, Annette Wehrwein, Elmar Brähler, Ingo Schäfer
Anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder are the main psychopathological symptoms shown by refugees. We conducted a systematic review. First, we identified key-words for a systematic search in PUBMED. We included original articles since 2009 with 1) a non-clinical sample of refugees, 2) refugees living at maximum 5 years in the host country, 4) with the outcomes anxiety, depression, and PTSD and 5) a sample with >100 participants. Then we read titles, abstracts and fulltexts. We identified 1 877 studies...
May 3, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469122/pediatric-otorhinolaryngology-emergencies-at-the-jos-university-teaching-hospital-study-of-frequency-management-and-outcomes
#15
Adeyi A Adoga, Emoche T Okwori, John P Yaro, Andrew A Iduh
BACKGROUND: Studies from Nigeria on pediatric otorhinolaryngology (ORL) emergencies are rare in literature with most focusing on emergencies involving individual systems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of all ORL emergencies among children in our region to provide a baseline data for future health planning. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a 1-year retrospective cross-sectional study of patients aged 16 years and below presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department of the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466713/westminster-support
#16
(no author information available yet)
A trauma nurse coordinator who cared for people injured in the Westminster terror attack is running a marathon to support her colleagues.
May 3, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462013/stromal-progenitor-cells-in-mitigation-of-non-hematopoietic-radiation-injuries
#17
Shilpa Kulkarni, Timothy C Wang, Chandan Guha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Therapeutic exposure to high doses of radiation can severely impair organ function due to ablation of stem cells. Normal tissue injury is a dose-limiting toxicity for radiation therapy (RT). Although advances in the delivery of high precision conformal RT has increased normal tissue sparing, mitigating and therapeutic strategies that could alleviate early and chronic radiation effects are urgently needed in order to deliver curative doses of RT, especially in abdominal, pelvic and thoracic malignancies...
December 2016: Current Pathobiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459264/a-room-with-a-view-setting-influences-information-disclosure-in-investigative-interviews
#18
Evan Dawson, Maria Hartwig, Laure Brimbal, Philipp Denisenkov
Research on embodied cognition and priming show that human behavior is influenced nonconsciously by the environment in metaphoric ways. Previous research has shown that conceptual priming can lead people to disclose sensitive information (Davis, Soref, Villalobos, & Mikulincer, 2016; Dawson, Hartwig, & Brimbal, 2015). Here, we sought to examine whether concepts of openness can be activated to promote disclosure within the interview itself, through the physical setting. In two laboratory studies, participants were exposed to details of a mock environmental terrorism conspiracy through a courier task, which they were subsequently interviewed about in different settings...
May 1, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447296/addressing-the-needs-of-children-and-youth-in-the-context-of-war-and-terrorism-the-technological-frontier
#19
REVIEW
Leia Y Saltzman, Levi Solomyak, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk
This paper reviews recent literature on the mental health needs of youth in the context of war and terrorism. A human rights lens is used to explore issues of accessibility and sustainability in service utilization during times of crisis. The authors present the evolution of services over the last several decades, progressing through individual, school-based, and community-wide interventions by exploring models that focus on symptom reduction and building resilience. This paper highlights the benefits and limitations of traditional intervention methods and proposes a new frontier of intervention development and research...
June 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437731/children-and-adolescents-facing-a-continuous-security-threat-aggressive-behavior-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#20
Orit Nuttman-Shwartz
There is extensive research evidence indicating that children and youth are the most vulnerable population for developing psychological symptoms relating to war and terror. Although studies have documented a wide range of detrimental emotional and behavioral effects of such exposure, much less is known about the effects of exposure to a continuous security threat for children and adolescents. Against this background, the current article examined the implications of continuous exposure to missile attacks among 1096 children and adolescents enrolled in public schools near the Israeli border with Gaza...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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