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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537576/an-infant-and-mother-with-severe-b12-deficiency-vitamin-b12-status-assessment-should-be-determined-in-pregnant-women-with-anaemia
#1
A Sobczyńska-Malefora, R Ramachandran, D Cregeen, E Green, P Bennett, D J Harrington, H A Lemonde
The vitamin B12 status of infants depends on maternal B12 status during pregnancy, and during lactation if breastfed. We present a 9-month-old girl who was admitted to the metabolic unit for assessment of developmental delay. She was exclusively breastfed and the introduction of solids at 5 months was unsuccessful. Investigations revealed pancytopenia, undetectable B12 and highly elevated methylmalonic acid and homocysteine. Methylmalonic acid and homocysteine normalised following B12 injections. Marked catch-up of developmental milestones was noted after treatment with B12...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513622/human-milk-insulin-is-related-to-maternal-plasma-insulin-and-bmi-but-other-components-of-human-milk-do-not-differ-by-bmi
#2
B E Young, Z Patinkin, C Palmer, B de la Houssaye, L A Barbour, T Hernandez, J E Friedman, N F Krebs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The impact of maternal BMI and insulin sensitivity on bioactive components of human milk (HM) is not well understood. As the prevalence of obesity and diabetes rises, it is increasingly critical that we understand how maternal BMI and hormones associated with metabolic disease relate to concentrations of bioactive components in HM. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This longitudinal cohort design followed 48 breastfeeding mothers through the first four months of lactation, collecting fasting morning HM samples at 2-weeks and 1, 2, 3 and 4-months, and fasting maternal blood at 2-weeks and 4-months...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409206/inverted-nipple-correction-with-selective-dissection-of-lactiferous-ducts-using-an-operative-microscope-and-a-traction-technique
#3
Yoshihiro Sowa, Sizu Itsukage, Daiki Morita, Toshiaki Numajiri
BACKGROUND: An inverted nipple is a common congenital condition in young women that may cause breastfeeding difficulty, psychological distress, repeated inflammation, and loss of sensation. Various surgical techniques have been reported for correction of inverted nipples, and all have advantages and disadvantages. Here, we report a new technique for correction of an inverted nipple using an operative microscope and traction that results in low recurrence and preserves lactation function and sensation...
April 13, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406856/treating-women-who-are-pregnant-and-parenting-for-opioid-use-disorder-and-the-concurrent-care-of-their-infants-and-children-literature-review-to-support-national-guidance
#4
Stacey L Klaman, Krystyna Isaacs, Anne Leopold, Joseph Perpich, Susan Hayashi, Jeff Vender, Melinda Campopiano, Hendrée E Jones
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) during pregnancy is increasing. Practical recommendations will help providers treat pregnant women with OUD and reduce potentially negative health consequences for mother, fetus, and child. This article summarizes the literature review conducted using the RAND/University of California, Los Angeles Appropriateness Method project completed by the US Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration to obtain current evidence on treatment approaches for pregnant and parenting women with OUD and their infants and children...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380305/integrative-literature-review-of-factors-related-to-breastfeeding-in-african-american-women-evidence-for-a-potential-paradigm-shift
#5
Stephanie DeVane-Johnson, Cheryl Woods-Giscombé, Suzanne Thoyre, Cathie Fogel, Ronald Williams
BACKGROUND: Human milk has widespread health benefits for infants, mothers, and society. However, not all populations of women, particularly African American women, engage in human milk feeding at high rates. Research aim: The purpose of this integrative literature review is twofold: (a) to examine factors that influence low rates of human milk feeding among African American women and (b) to introduce a need for a methodological paradigm shift to develop culturally relevant and effective interventions...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338027/molar-incisor-hypomineralisation
#6
Greig D Taylor
Data sourcesThe Medline and Embase databases and hand searches in the journals International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry and European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry.Study selectionEnglish language cohort and case-control studies.Data extraction and synthesisStudy selection was carried out independently by two reviewers with data abstraction being conducted by a single reviewer and checked by a second reviewer. Risk of bias was assessed using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Adjusted (aOR) and unadjusted odds ratios (uOR), P-values and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained from the studies...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337028/modifiable-risk-factors-of-maternal-postpartum-weight-retention-an-analysis-of-their-combined-impact-and-potential-opportunities-for-prevention
#7
J L Hollis, S R Crozier, H M Inskip, C Cooper, K M Godfrey, N C Harvey, C E Collins, S M Robinson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy triggers a physiological change in weight status. Postpartum weight retention in the childbearing years can substantially alter a woman's weight gain trajectory, with several potential contributing factors identified. Most research has relied on women's recall of pre-pregnancy weight during pregnancy or later, and not considered risk factors in combination. Using measured pre-pregnancy weight, this study aimed to examine the associations of maternal postpartum weight retention with parity, pre-pregnancy BMI, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), maternal serum vitamin D concentration and dietary Glycaemic Index in early and late pregnancy, and breastfeeding duration, including analysis of the combined impact of potentially modifiable risk factors...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284020/frenotomy-for-tongue-tie-in-newborn-infants
#8
REVIEW
Joyce E O'Shea, Jann P Foster, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Deirdre Breathnach, Susan E Jacobs, David A Todd, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Tongue-tie, or ankyloglossia, is a condition whereby the lingual frenulum attaches near the tip of the tongue and may be short, tight and thick. Tongue-tie is present in 4% to 11% of newborns. Tongue-tie has been cited as a cause of poor breastfeeding and maternal nipple pain. Frenotomy, which is commonly performed, may correct the restriction to tongue movement and allow more effective breastfeeding with less maternal nipple pain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frenotomy is safe and effective in improving ability to feed orally among infants younger than three months of age with tongue-tie (and problems feeding)...
March 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107227/structural-level-differences-in-the-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-rate-in-south-africa-a-multilevel-assessment-of-individual-health-facility-and-provincial-level-predictors-of-infant-hiv-transmission
#9
Selamawit A Woldesenbet, Debra J Jackson, C J Lombard, Thu-Ha Dinh, Vundli Ramokolo, Tanya Doherty, Gayle G Sherman, Yogan Pillay, Ameena E Goga
OBJECTIVES: In 2010, South Africa reported an early mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) rate of 3.5% at 4-8 weeks postpartum. Provincial early MTCT rates ranged from 1.4% [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.1 to 3.4] to 5.9% (95% CI: 3.8 to 8.0). We sought to determine reasons for these geographic differences in MTCT rates. METHODS: This study used multilevel modeling using 2010 South African prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) evaluation (SAPMTCTE) data from 530 facilities...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099649/revista-de-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-50-years-disseminating-the-knowledge-in-nutrition
#10
Rosely Sichieri, Rosangela A Pereira
This work describes and comments on articles in the area of Public Health Nutrition published in Revista de Saúde Pública (RSP - Public Health Journal) from 1967 to 2016. We searched in the PubMed database restricted to the periodical "Revista de Saúde Pública" and using terms related to key topics in the area of Public Health Nutrition. We retrieved 742 articles and, after exclusion of duplicates and articles unrelated to the subject, we analyzed 441 articles, grouped according to subject: dental caries, anemia, hypovitaminosis A, macro/micronutrients, malnutrition, nutritional assessment, overweight/obesity, food consumption, low birthweight, and breastfeeding...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005394/the-past-and-future-of-breastfeeding-medicine-a-journal-for-a-defined-medical-specialty
#11
Arthur I Eidelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984555/implementation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-for-life-in-pregnant-breastfeeding-hiv-women-option-b-alongside-rollout-and-changing-guidelines-for-art-initiation-in-rural-zimbabwe-the-lablite-project-experience
#12
Deborah Ford, Margaret Muzambi, Misheck J Nkhata, George Abongomera, Sarah Joseph, Makosonke Ndlovu, Travor Mabugu, Caroline Grundy, Adrienne K Chan, Fabian Cataldo, Cissy Kityo, Janet Seeley, Elly Katabira, Charles F Gilks, Andrew Reid, James Hakim, Diana M Gibb
BACKGROUND: Lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for pregnant and breastfeeding women (Option B+) was rolled out in Zimbabwe from 2014, with simultaneous raising of the CD4 treatment threshold to 500 cells per cubic millimeter in nonpregnant/breastfeeding adults and children 5 years and over. METHODS: Lablite is an implementation project in Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Uganda evaluating ART rollout. Routine patient-level data were collected for 6 months before and 12 months after Option B+ rollout at a district hospital and 3 primary care facilities in Zimbabwe (2 with outreach ART and 1 with no ART provision before Option B+)...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959890/combined-oral-contraceptive-use-before-the-first-birth-and-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-risk
#13
Linda S Cook, Claire R Pestak, Andy Cy Leung, Helen Steed, Jill Nation, Kenneth Swenerton, Richard Gallagher, Anthony Magliocco, Martin Köbel, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Nhu Le
BACKGROUND: Combined oral contraceptive (COC) use reduces epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) risk. However, little is known about risk with COC use before the first full-term pregnancy (FFTP). METHODS: This Canadian population-based case-control study (2001-2012) included 854 invasive cases/2139 controls aged ⩾40 years who were parous and had information on COC use. We estimated odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for study site, age, parity, breastfeeding, age at FFTP, familial breast/ovarian cancer, tubal ligation, and body mass...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684560/methods-of-milk-expression-for-lactating-women
#14
Genevieve E Becker, Hazel A Smith, Fionnuala Cooney
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is important, however not all infants can feed at the breast and methods of expressing milk need evaluation. OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptability, effectiveness, safety, effect on milk composition, contamination and costs of methods of milk expression. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (21 March 2016), handsearched relevant journals and conference proceedings, and contacted experts in the field to seek additional published or unpublished studies...
September 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566421/progress-in-pediatrics-in-2015-choices-in-allergy-endocrinology-gastroenterology-genetics-haematology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-oncology-and-pulmonology
#15
EDITORIAL
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565200/postpartum-anxiety-and-infant-feeding-outcomes
#16
Victoria Fallon, Rachael Groves, Jason Christian Grovenor Halford, Kate Mary Bennett, Joanne Allison Harrold
There is increasing evidence for the effect of postpartum anxiety (PPA) on maternal and infant health outcomes. Despite evidence linking suboptimal infant-feeding outcomes with other indices of maternal mental health, the relationship between PPA and infant feeding has not yet been reviewed. A systematic review with narrative synthesis was conducted to examine the relationship between PPA and infant-feeding outcomes. Electronic searches were performed using specific keywords (eg, "postnatal anxiet*"; "breastfeed*")...
November 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564780/health-literacy-and-women-s-reproductive-health-a-systematic-review
#17
Kimberly A Kilfoyle, Michelle Vitko, Rachel O'Conor, Stacy Cooper Bailey
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is thought to impact women's reproductive health, yet no comprehensive systematic reviews have been conducted on the topic. Our objective was to systematically identify, investigate, and summarize research on the relationship between health literacy and women's reproductive health knowledge, behaviors, and outcomes. METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were used to guide this review. English language, peer-reviewed research articles indexed in MEDLINE as of February 2015 were searched, along with study results posted on Clinicaltrials...
December 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460268/exclusive-breastfeeding-duration-and-infant-infection
#18
M A Quigley, C Carson, A Sacker, Y Kelly
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We estimated the risk of infection associated with the duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). SUBJECT/METHODS: We analysed the data on 15 809 term, singleton infants from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Infants were grouped according to months of EBF: never, <2, 2-4, 4-6 and 6 (the latter being World Health Organisation (WHO) policy since 2001: 'post-2001 WHO policy'). Among those EBF for 4-6 months, we separated those who started solids, but not formula, before 6 months, and were still breastfeeding at 6 months (that is, WHO policy before 2001: 'pre-2001 WHO policy'), from other patterns...
December 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297376/expectant-parents-views-of-factors-influencing-infant-feeding-decisions-in-the-antenatal-period-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Coralie L Roll, Francine Cheater
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors that influence expectant parents' infant feeding decisions in the antenatal period. DESIGN: Mixed method systematic review focussing on participant views data. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, Medline, Embase and PsychInfo databases were interrogated using initial keywords and then refined terms to elicit relevant studies. Reference lists were checked and hand-searching was undertaken for 2 journals ('Midwifery' and 'Social Science and Medicine') covering a 3 year time period (January 2011-March 2014)...
August 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245206/efficacy-of-a-galactogogue-containing-silymarin-phosphatidylserine-and-galega-in-mothers-of-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
E Zecca, A A Zuppa, A D'Antuono, E Tiberi, L Giordano, T Pianini, C Romagnoli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Human milk (HM) is the best possible food for all infants, especially for preterm ones, but lactation and breastfeeding are very difficult for mothers of preterm babies and high rates of breastfeeding difficulties have been reported. Our aim was to investigate the efficacy of a galactogogue containing silymarin-phosphatidylserine and galega in increasing milk production during the first month after delivery in a population of mothers of preterm infants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Mothers of infants with gestational age (GA) between 27(+0) and 32(+6) weeks were enrolled in this prospective, double-blind, randomized trial and were randomly allocated to receive either the galactogogue containing silymarin-phosphatidylserine and galega, 5 g/day (galactogogue group, GG), or a placebo, 5 g of lactose per day (placebo group, PG) from the 3rd to the 28th day after delivery...
June 1, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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