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journal of breastfeeding

Genevieve E Becker, Hazel A Smith, Fionnuala Cooney
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is important, however not all infants can feed at the breast and methods of expressing milk need evaluation. OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptability, effectiveness, safety, effect on milk composition, contamination and costs of methods of milk expression. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (21 March 2016), handsearched relevant journals and conference proceedings, and contacted experts in the field to seek additional published or unpublished studies...
September 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Victoria Fallon, Rachael Groves, Jason Christian Grovenor Halford, Kate Mary Bennett, Joanne Allison Harrold
There is increasing evidence for the effect of postpartum anxiety (PPA) on maternal and infant health outcomes. Despite evidence linking suboptimal infant-feeding outcomes with other indices of maternal mental health, the relationship between PPA and infant feeding has not yet been reviewed. A systematic review with narrative synthesis was conducted to examine the relationship between PPA and infant-feeding outcomes. Electronic searches were performed using specific keywords (eg, "postnatal anxiet*"; "breastfeed*")...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Kimberly Kilfoyle, Michelle Vitko, Rachel O'Conor, Stacy Cooper Bailey
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is thought to impact women's reproductive health, yet no comprehensive systematic reviews have been conducted on the topic. Our objective was to systematically identify, investigate, and summarize research on the relationship between health literacy and women's reproductive health knowledge, behaviors, and outcomes. METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were used to guide this review. English language, peer-reviewed research articles indexed in MEDLINE as of February 2015 were searched, along with study results posted on Clinicaltrials...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
M A Quigley, C Carson, A Sacker, Y Kelly
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We estimated the risk of infection associated with the duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). SUBJECT/METHODS: We analysed the data on 15 809 term, singleton infants from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Infants were grouped according to months of EBF: never, <2, 2-4, 4-6 and 6 (the latter being World Health Organisation (WHO) policy since 2001: 'post-2001 WHO policy'). Among those EBF for 4-6 months, we separated those who started solids, but not formula, before 6 months, and were still breastfeeding at 6 months (that is, WHO policy before 2001: 'pre-2001 WHO policy'), from other patterns...
July 27, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Coralie L Roll, Francine Cheater
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors that influence expectant parents' infant feeding decisions in the antenatal period. DESIGN: Mixed method systematic review focussing on participant views data. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, Medline, Embase and PsychInfo databases were interrogated using initial keywords and then refined terms to elicit relevant studies. Reference lists were checked and hand-searching was undertaken for 2 journals ('Midwifery' and 'Social Science and Medicine') covering a 3 year time period (January 2011-March 2014)...
August 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
E Zecca, A A Zuppa, A D'Antuono, E Tiberi, L Giordano, T Pianini, C Romagnoli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Human milk (HM) is the best possible food for all infants, especially for preterm ones, but lactation and breastfeeding are very difficult for mothers of preterm babies and high rates of breastfeeding difficulties have been reported. Our aim was to investigate the efficacy of a galactogogue containing silymarin-phosphatidylserine and galega in increasing milk production during the first month after delivery in a population of mothers of preterm infants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Mothers of infants with gestational age (GA) between 27(+0) and 32(+6) weeks were enrolled in this prospective, double-blind, randomized trial and were randomly allocated to receive either the galactogogue containing silymarin-phosphatidylserine and galega, 5 g/day (galactogogue group, GG), or a placebo, 5 g of lactose per day (placebo group, PG) from the 3rd to the 28th day after delivery...
June 1, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
E Cornell, T Lerer, J I Hagadorn, D J Chapman, M Lussier, E Brownell
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of a non-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)-specific peer counseling (PC) program on the cessation of human milk receipt at and post-NICU discharge. STUDY DESIGN: A multivariable logistic regression model used data from 400 mother-infant dyads from a level IV NICU to compare cessation of human milk receipt at NICU discharge by PC program status. Kaplan-Meier distributions and a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model assessed the relationship between participants/non-participants and cessation of human milk post-NICU discharge...
September 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Susan P Phillips, Katarina Hamberg
BACKGROUND: Although observational data show social characteristics such as gender or socio-economic status to be strong predictors of health, their impact is seldom investigated in randomised controlled studies (RCTs). OBJECTIVE & DESIGN: Using a random sample of recent RCTs from high-impact journals, we examined how the most often recorded social characteristic, sex/gender, is considered in design, analysis, and interpretation. Of 712 RCTs published from September 2008 to 31 December 2013 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal, Lancet, Canadian Medical Association Journal, or New England Journal of Medicine, we randomly selected 57 to analyse funding, methods, number of centres, documentation of social circumstances, inclusion/exclusion criteria, proportions of women/men, and reporting about sex/gender in analyses and discussion...
2016: Global Health Action
Clare Relton, Mark Strong, Mary J Renfrew, Kate Thomas, Julia Burrows, Barbara Whelan, Heather M Whitford, Elaine Scott, Julia Fox-Rushby, Nana Anoyke, Sabina Sanghera, Maxine Johnson, Easton Sue, Stephen Walters
INTRODUCTION: Breast feeding can promote positive long-term and short-term health outcomes in infant and mother. The UK has one of the lowest breastfeeding rates (duration and exclusivity) in the world, resulting in preventable morbidities and associated healthcare costs. Breastfeeding rates are also socially patterned, thereby potentially contributing to health inequalities. Financial incentives have been shown to have a positive effect on health behaviours in previously published studies...
2016: BMJ Open
Z Gridneva, A R Hepworth, L C Ward, C T Lai, P E Hartmann, D T Geddes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bioimpedance spectroscopy is an accurate non-invasive method for measuring body composition in adults, but in infants it requires further testing and validation. Of the few studies of bioimpedance conducted in infants, none have comprehensively investigated the effect of milk intake volume. This study assessed the effect of the milk intake, feed duration and the volume of the infant's stomach and bladder on the resistance values pre-/post-feed to establish the feasibility of using these values interchangeably during data collection...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
R M Newby, P S W Davies
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maternal adiposity is known to affect breastfeeding initiation and duration via both antenatal and postnatal factors. This study investigates associations between maternal pregravid body mass index (BMI), breastfeeding duration and antenatal breastfeeding confidence, intention and social comfort among primiparous Australian women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Women in their first pregnancy (n=462) were recruited by convenience sampling in Queensland, Australia...
August 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
N Pines, D Mandel, F B Mimouni, H Moran Lev, L Mangel, R Lubetzky
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the effect of maternal handedness and preferential side of breastfeeding upon macronutrients concentration in human milk (HM). We aimed to compare macronutrients content of HM from both breasts, taking into account the self-reported preferential feeding ('dominant') breast, breast size and handedness (right versus left). We tested the null hypothesis that macronutrients content of HM is not affected by breast dominancy, breast size or maternal handedness...
July 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
W C Tan-Koi, Evelyn S H Lim, Y Y Teo
Recommendations on genetic testing are typically conveyed by drug regulatory authorities through drug labels, which are legal requirements for market authorization of drugs. We conducted a cross-sectional study of drug labels focusing on three crucial aspects of regulatory pharmacogenomics communications: (i) intent; (ii) interpretation in the local context; and (iii) implications of the genetic information. Labels of drugs associated with well-established safety-related genetic markers for adverse drug reactions across six developed countries of United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and Singapore were reviewed...
February 23, 2016: Pharmacogenomics Journal
J L Guo, T F Wang, J Y Liao, C M Huang
PURPOSE: This study assessed the applicability and efficacy of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in predicting breastfeeding. BACKGROUND: The TPB assumes a rational approach for engaging in various behaviors, and has been used extensively for explaining health behavior. However, most studies have tested the effectiveness of TPB constructs in predicting how people perform actions for their own benefit rather than performing behaviors that are beneficial to others, such as breastfeeding infants...
February 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Brooke Haugh
A woman's journey into motherhood and first encounters with breastfeeding are profound learning experiences. During the perinatal period of my first pregnancy, I kept a journal documenting my thoughts and feelings. What emerged from my journals is an autoethnography, revealing my new understandings of myself as a woman within a culture of mothers and a deeper understanding of myself as a learner. Anecdotal stories shared with me by other women became the impetus for my reflection during my journey into motherhood...
2016: Journal of Perinatal Education
H Castillo, I S Santos, A Matijasevich
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aims were to investigate the association of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with breastfeeding (BF) duration and BF pattern at 3 months of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 4231 children who were enrolled at birth and were followed-up at 3, 12, 24 and 48 months of age to gather information on maternal and offspring characteristics including BF patterns and BF duration...
April 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
E M González-Gil, J Santabárbara, A Siani, W Ahrens, I Sioen, G Eiben, K Günther, L Iacoviello, D Molnar, P Risé, P Russo, M Tornaritis, T Veidebaum, C Galli, L A Moreno
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fatty acids are hypothesized to influence cardiovascular disease risk because of their effect on inflammation. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between whole-blood fatty acids (WBFAs) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in European children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 1401 subjects (697 boys and 704 girls) aged between 2 and 9 years from the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects in Children and infantS) study were measured in this cross-sectional analysis...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
L P Grillo, D P Gigante, B L Horta, F C F de Barros
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between stunting in the second year of life and metabolic syndrome components in early adulthood among subjects who have been prospectively followed-up since birth, in a city in Southern Brazil. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In 1984, we attempted to follow-up the entire cohort; the subjects were examined and their mothers interviewed. Stunting was defined by a length-for-age Z-score 2 s.d. or more below the mean, in accordance with the World Health Organization reference...
May 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Asad Ali, Abdul Momin Kazi, Margaret M Cortese, Jessica A Fleming, SungSil Moon, Umesh D Parashar, Baoming Jiang, Monica M McNeal, Duncan Steele, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Anita K M Zaidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: PloS One
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