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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912156/health-benefits-of-aerobic-training-programs-in-adults-aged-70-and-over-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Walid Bouaziz, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
Aging is intrinsically associated with a progressive decline in muscle strength and mass, and aerobic capacity. This contributes to reduced mobility and impaired quality of life (QoL) among seniors. Regular physical activity, and more particularly aerobic training (AT), has demonstrated benefits on adults' health. The aim of this review was to assess the current level of evidence regarding the health benefits of AT in the population aged 70 years and over. A comprehensive, systematic database search for manuscripts was performed...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909390/child-welfare-involved-parents-and-pathways-triple-p-perceptions-of-program-acceptability-and-appropriateness
#2
Ericka M Lewis, Megan Feely, Kristen D Seay, Nicole Fedoravicis, Patricia L Kohl
Nearly half of children in the child welfare system have clinically significant behavior problems and are at risk of developing disruptive behavioral disorders. Yet, behavioral parent training interventions, which are the most effective way to treat these problems, are rarely provided to child welfare involved families. As a result, little is known about the acceptability and appropriateness of these parent training interventions with these families. This qualitative study explored implementation outcomes of an evidenced-based parenting intervention, Pathways Triple P, with families in the child welfare system...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899073/recommendations-for-the-analysis-of-individually-randomised-controlled-trials-with-clustering-in-one-arm-a-case-of-continuous-outcomes
#3
Laura Flight, Annabel Allison, Munyaradzi Dimairo, Ellen Lee, Laura Mandefield, Stephen J Walters
BACKGROUND: In an individually randomised controlled trial where the treatment is delivered by a health professional it seems likely that the effectiveness of the treatment, independent of any treatment effect, could depend on the skill, training or even enthusiasm of the health professional delivering it. This may then lead to a potential clustering of the outcomes for patients treated by the same health professional, but similar clustering may not occur in the control arm. Using four case studies, we aim to provide practical guidance and recommendations for the analysis of trials with some element of clustering in one arm...
November 29, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895662/muscle-enriched-micrornas-isolated-from-whole-blood-are-regulated-by-exercise-and-are-potential-biomarkers-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#4
Joshua Denham, Priscilla R Prestes
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. Evidence indicating miRNAs influence exercise-induced health and performance adaptations is mounting. Circulating miRNAs are responsible for intercellular communication and could serve as biomarkers for disease and exercise-related traits. Such biomarkers would contribute to exercise screening, monitoring, and the development of personalized exercise prescription. Accordingly, we investigated the impact of long-term strenuous aerobic exercise training and a single bout of maximal aerobic exercise on five muscle-enriched miRNAs implicated in exercise adaptations (miR-1, miR-133a, miR-181a, miR-486, and miR-494)...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890031/a-national-assessment-of-the-health-and-safety-of-emergency-medical-services-professionals
#5
Melissa A Bentley, Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess changes in (1) health and physical fitness, (2) the prevalence of selected health problems, (3) risk behaviors, (4) ambulance safety issues, and (5) the preparedness of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals. In addition, the incidence of patient-initiated violence directed toward EMS personnel and associated factors were assessed. METHODS: Data were obtained from a sample of nationally certified EMS professionals via annual questionnaires between 1999 and 2008...
November 28, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888959/bearing-witness-the-lived-experience-of-sitting-with-patients
#6
Rebecca Schroeder
There is abundant literature focused on the practice of using hospital sitters as part of standard patient safety care. However, minimal attention has been paid to understanding the actual experiences of hospital workers as they sit with distressed and often agitated patients. With the overwhelming number of hospitalized patients who require sitters, attention must be paid to the healthcare workers' perspective. In this study a phenomenological approach was used to elicit the perceptions of these hospital sitters...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886946/building-multidisciplinary-health-workforce-capacity-to-support-the-implementation-of-integrated-people-centred-models-of-care-for-musculoskeletal-health
#7
REVIEW
M J Chehade, T K Gill, D Kopansky-Giles, L Schuwirth, J Karnon, P McLiesh, J Alleyne, A D Woolf
To address the burden of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions, a competent health workforce is required to support the implementation of MSK models of care. Funding is required to create employment positions with resources for service delivery and training a fit-for-purpose workforce. Training should be aligned to define "entrustable professional activities", and include collaborative skills appropriate to integrated and people-centred care and supported by shared education resources. Greater emphasis on educating MSK healthcare workers as effective trainers of peers, students and patients is required...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884215/public-perception-of-emergency-medical-services-in-the-united-states
#8
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Severo Rodriguez, Ashley D Larrimore, Ronald G Pirrallo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the public's experience, expectations, and perceptions related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). METHODS: A population-based telephone interview of adults in the United States was conducted. The survey instrument consisted of 112 items. Demographic variables including age, race, political beliefs, and household income were collected. Data collection was performed by trained interviewers from Kent State University's (Kent, Ohio USA)Social Research Laboratory...
November 25, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881384/excess-stress-fractures-musculoskeletal-injuries-and-health-care-utilization-among-unfit-and-overweight-female-army-trainees
#9
Margot R Krauss, Nadia U Garvin, Michael R Boivin, David N Cowan
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are prevalent among military trainees and certain occupations. Fitness and body mass index (BMI) have been associated with musculoskeletal conditions, including stress fractures. HYPOTHESIS: The incidence of, and excess health care utilization for, stress fracture and non-stress fracture overuse musculoskeletal injuries during the first 6 months of service is higher among unfit female recruits. Those who exceeded body fat limits are at a greater risk of incident stress fractures, injuries, or health care utilization compared with weight-qualified recruits...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871303/geographically-weighted-regression-of-knowledge-and-behaviour-determinants-to-anti-malarial-recommending-and-dispensing-practice-among-medicine-retailers-in-western-kenya-capacitating-targeted-interventions
#10
Andria Rusk, Linda Highfield, J Michael Wilkerson, Melissa Harrell, Andrew Obala, Benjamin Amick
BACKGROUND: Most patients with malaria seek treatment first in retail drug shops. Myriad studies have examined retailer behaviours and characteristics to understand the determinants to these behaviours. Geospatial methods are helpful in discovering if geographic location plays a role in the relationship between determinants and outcomes. This study aimed to discover if spatial autocorrelation exists in the relationship between determinants and retailer behaviours, and to provide specific geographic locations and target behaviours for tailoring future interventions...
November 21, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870750/mapping-coaches-views-of-participation-in-crossfit-to-the-integrated-theory-of-health-behavior-change-and-sense-of-community
#11
Katie M Heinrich, Taran Carlisle, Ainslie Kehler, Sarah J Cosgrove
Group-based training through CrossFit has recently exploded in popularity. Anecdotally, participants often make lifestyle changes and experience improved fitness. Participation factors were mapped to the Integrated Theory of Health Behavior Change and "sense of community" constructs. Key informant interviews were conducted with 6 CrossFit gym owners/coaches. Data were thematically coded with NVivo 10. Results revealed key factors that both facilitated and restricted participation in CrossFit. Findings provide implications for future theory application and highlight how to improve initiation and adherence by capitalizing on community building and taking steps to reduce intimidation and cost, facilitate realistic goals, and ensure social support...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862287/development-and-validation-of-an-instrument-to-assess-job-satisfaction-in-eye-care-personnel
#12
Prakash Paudel, Sonja Cronjé, Patricia M O'Connor, Jyoti Khadka, Gullapalli N Rao, Brien A Holden
PURPOSE: The aim was to develop and validate an instrument to measure job satisfaction in eye-care personnel and assess the job satisfaction of one-year trained vision technicians in India. METHODS: A pilot instrument for assessing job satisfaction was developed, based on a literature review and input from a public health expert panel. Rasch analysis was used to assess psychometric properties and to undertake an iterative item reduction. The instrument was then administered to vision technicians in vision centres of Andhra Pradesh in India...
November 11, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859147/cultural-competence-and-social-relationships-a-social-network-analysis
#13
M Dauvrin, V Lorant
AIM: This study investigated the role of social relationships in the sharing of cultural competence by testing two hypotheses: cultural competence is a socially shared behaviour; and central healthcare professionals are more culturally competent than non-central healthcare professionals. BACKGROUND: Sustaining cultural competence in healthcare services relies on the assumption that being culturally competent is a socially shared behaviour among health professionals...
November 11, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857111/social-media-use-attitudes-behaviours-and-perceptions-of-online-professionalism-amongst-dental-students
#14
P Kenny, I G Johnson
Use of social media has increased amongst health professionals. This has benefits for patient care but also introduces risks for confidentiality and professional fitness to practise. This study aimed to examine dental student attitudes towards professional behaviour on social media. The secondary aim was to establish the extent and nature of social media use and exposure to potentially unprofessional behaviours. A cross-sectional study was carried out in one dental school. Data were collected using questionnaires to examine social media use, perceptions and attitudes towards social media and professional behaviours online...
November 18, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856411/personalising-exercise-recommendations-for-brain-health-considerations-and-future-directions
#15
Cindy K Barha, Liisa A Galea, Lindsay S Nagamatsu, Kirk I Erickson, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
The societal value of strategies that delay the onset and progression of dementia cannot be overstated. Physical activity-unstructured and structured-is a promising, cost-effective strategy for the promotion of brain health. However, a large degree of variation exists in its efficacy. Therefore, to increase its utility as 'medication' for healthy cognitive ageing, it is imperative to identify key moderators and mediators of the positive effects of targeted exercise training on brain health. In this commentary, we focus on the type of targeted exercise training, the determinants of individual variation, including biological sex and genotypic factors, and the mechanisms by which exercise exerts its influence on the brain...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849484/the-benefits-of-high-intensity-functional-training-fitness-programs-for-military-personnel
#16
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Katie M Heinrich, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
INTRODUCTION: High intensity functional training (HIFT) programs are designed to address multiple fitness domains, potentially providing improved physical and mental readiness in a changing operational environment. Programs consistent with HIFT principals such as CrossFit, SEALFIT and the US Marine Corps' High Intensity Tactical Training (HITT) are increasingly popular among military personnel. The goal of HIFT programs is to produce high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, endurance and strength that exceed those achieved by following current physical activity recommendations...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848209/uptake-of-evidence-based-physical-activity-programs-comparing-perceptions-of-adopters-and-nonadopters
#17
Sallie Beth Johnson, Samantha M Harden, Paul A Estabrooks
Translating evidence-based physical activity interventions into practice have been problematic. Limited research exists on the adoption decision-making process. This study explored health educator perceptions of two evidence-based, physical activity programs-one was developed through an integrated research-practice partnership approach (FitEx) and the other was research-developed, Active Living Every Day (ALED). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 health educators who were trained on either ALED (n = 6) or FitEx (n = 6) and had either delivered (n = 6) or did not deliver (n = 6) the intervention...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844337/physical-activity-and-prostate-cancer-an-updated-review
#18
REVIEW
Roy J Shephard
Prostate cancer affects a major proportion of older men, and effective preventive measures are few. Earlier suggestions of 10-30% risk reduction from vigorous physical activity thus merit further analysis. This narrative review updates information on associations between physical activity and prostate cancer, seeking activity patterns associated with maximal risk reduction. Systematic searches of Ovid/MEDLINE and PubMed databases from 1996 to June 2016 have linked the terms prostate neoplasms/prostate cancer with occupation, occupational title, sedentary job or heavy work, exercise, physical activity, sports, athletes, physical education/training or aerobic fitness...
November 14, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836089/prenatal-care-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-study-in-luanda-angola
#19
Tazi Nimi, Sílvia Fraga, Diogo Costa, Paulo Campos, Henrique Barros
OBJECTIVE: To describe prenatal care in Angolan women delivered at a large tertiary care unit, and to explore the association between prenatal care and selected perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study between December 2012 and February 2013, involving 995 women aged 13-46years, delivered at Lucrécia Paím Maternity, Luanda. Trained interviewers collected information on timing, frequency, place, and satisfaction with prenatal care; sociodemographic and clinical characteristics; birth weight; and gestational age...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829449/efficacy-of-brief-behavioral-counselling-by-allied-health-professionals-to-promote-physical-activity-in-people-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-bipp-study-protocol-for-a-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Nicola W Burton, Zanfina Ademi, Stuart Best, Maria A Fiatarone Singh, Jason S Jenkins, Kenny D Lawson, Anthony S Leicht, Yorgi Mavros, Yian Noble, Paul Norman, Richard Norman, Belinda J Parmenter, Jenna Pinchbeck, Christopher M Reid, Sophie E Rowbotham, Lisan Yip, Jonathan Golledge
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is recommended for people with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and can improve walking capacity and quality of life; and reduce pain, requirement for surgery and cardiovascular events. This trial will assess the efficacy of a brief behavioral counselling intervention delivered by allied health professionals to improve physical activity in people with PAD. METHODS: This is a multi-center randomised controlled trial in four cities across Australia...
November 9, 2016: BMC Public Health
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