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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781731/neuropsychologists-as-primary-care-providers-of-cognitive-health-a-novel-comprehensive-cognitive-wellness-service-delivery-model
#1
Patricia A Pimental, John B O'Hara, Jessica L Jandak
By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776359/evaluation-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-rdt-use-by-community-health-workers-a-longitudinal-study-in-western-kenya
#2
Matthew R Boyce, Diana Menya, Elizabeth L Turner, Jeremiah Laktabai, Wendy Prudhomme-O'Meara
BACKGROUND: Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are a simple, point-of-care technology that can improve the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of malaria. They are an increasingly common diagnostic tool, but concerns remain about their use by community health workers (CHWs). These concerns regard the long-term trends relating to infection prevention measures, the interpretation of test results and adherence to treatment protocols. This study assessed whether CHWs maintained their competency at conducting RDTs over a 12-month timeframe, and if this competency varied with specific CHW characteristics...
May 18, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775421/probability-of-heat-intolerance-standardized-interpretation-of-heat-tolerance-testing-results-versus-specialist-judgment
#3
Haggai Schermann, Erin Craig, Einat Yanovich, Itay Ketko, Gary Kalmanovich, Ran Yanovich
CONTEXT:   The heat-tolerance test (HTT) is a screening tool for secondary prevention of exertional heat illness by the Israel Defense Forces. To discern participant tolerance, recruits are exposed to intermediate environmental and exercise stresses, and their physiological responses, core temperature, and heart rate are monitored. When their physiological measures rise at a higher rate or exceed the upper levels of absolute values compared with other participants, heat intolerance (HI) is diagnosed...
April 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769247/dementia-and-physical-activity-dapa-trial-of-moderate-to-high-intensity-exercise-training-for-people-with-dementia-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Sarah E Lamb, Bart Sheehan, Nicky Atherton, Vivien Nichols, Helen Collins, Dipesh Mistry, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Anne Marie Slowther, Iftekhar Khan, Stavros Petrou, Ranjit Lall
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia. DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service primary care, community and memory services, dementia research registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions. PARTICIPANTS: 494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care...
May 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768942/updated-meta-review-of-evidence-on-support-for-carers
#5
Jane Dalton, Sian Thomas, Melissa Harden, Alison Eastwood, Gillian Parker
Objective To update a 2010 meta-review of systematic reviews of effective interventions to support carers of ill, disabled, or older adults. In this article, we report the most promising interventions based on the best available evidence. Methods Rapid meta-review of systematic reviews published from January 2009 to 2016. Results Sixty-one systematic reviews were included (27 high quality, 25 medium quality, and nine low quality). The quality of reviews has improved since the original review, but primary studies remain limited in quality and quantity...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764801/assessing-unmet-information-needs-of-breast-cancer-survivors-exploratory-study-of-online-health-forums-using-text-classification-and-retrieval
#6
Susan McRoy, Majid Rastegar-Mojarad, Yanshan Wang, Kathryn J Ruddy, Tufia C Haddad, Hongfang Liu
BACKGROUND: Patient education materials given to breast cancer survivors may not be a good fit for their information needs. Needs may change over time, be forgotten, or be misreported, for a variety of reasons. An automated content analysis of survivors' postings to online health forums can identify expressed information needs over a span of time and be repeated regularly at low cost. Identifying these unmet needs can guide improvements to existing education materials and the creation of new resources...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757933/improving-physical-fitness-and-cognitive-functions-in-middle-school-students-study-protocol-for-the-chinese-childhood-health-activity-and-motor-performance-study-chinese-champs
#7
Zhixiong Zhou, Shanshan Dong, Jun Yin, Quan Fu, Hong Ren, Zenong Yin
Background : Sedentary lifestyles and their associated harmful consequences are public health concerns that impact more than half of the world's youth population in both developed and developing countries. Methods : The Chinese Childhood Health; Activity and Motor Performance Study (Chinese CHAMPS) was a cluster randomized controlled trial to modify school physical activity policies and the physical education (PE) curriculum; using teacher training and parent engagement to increase opportunities and support students' physical activity and healthy eating...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754403/-one-size-does-not-fit-all-perspectives-on-diversity-in-community-aged-care
#8
Claudia Meyer, Arti Appannah, Sally McMillan, Colette Browning, Rajna Ogrin
OBJECTIVES: Typically, older people are viewed via a single health condition, yet health outcomes are likely impacted by the intersection of many individual characteristics. Promoting inclusive health care is underpinned by reducing bias, respectful communication and supporting individual needs and preferences. This study explores perspectives of community aged care workers on diversity training and implementing training into practice. METHODS: Ninety community aged care workers were telephone-interviewed three months after a one-day diversity training workshop...
May 13, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747089/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-optic-nerve-head-and-macular-perfusion-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-healthy-adults
#9
Boris Schmitz, Pieter Nelis, Florian Rolfes, Maged Alnawaiseh, Andreas Klose, Michael Krüger, Nicole Eter, Stefan-Martin Brand, Florian Alten
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been identified to be efficient for increasing health-related fitness in general and in lifestyle-induced chronic diseases such as hypertension, obesity and metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to evaluate HIIT effects on optic nerve head (ONH) and macular perfusion in healthy adults using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Fifty-eight healthy participants (22.0 ± 2.02 years, 40 females (69...
April 26, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736007/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-testicular-cancer-survivors
#10
Scott C Adams, Darren S DeLorey, Margie H Davenport, Adrian S Fairey, Scott North, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer survivors (TCS) are at increased risk of cancer-related fatigue (CRF), psychosocial impairment, and poor mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Here, we examine the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in TCS. Secondarily, we explore cardiorespiratory fitness as a mediator of intervention effects and select baseline characteristics as moderators of intervention effects. METHODS: TCS (n = 63) were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of supervised HIIT or usual care (UC)...
May 8, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735750/systematic-review-of-fit-note-use-for-workers-in-the-uk
#11
Sarah Dorrington, Emmert Roberts, Arnstein Mykletun, Stephani Hatch, Ira Madan, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVES: The fit note, introduced in England, Wales and Scotland in 2010, was designed to change radically the sickness certification process from advising individuals on their inability to work to advising them on what they could do if work could be adapted. Our review aimed to evaluate the following: (1) Is the 'maybe fit' for work option being selected for patients? (2) Are work solutions being recommended? (3) Has the fit note increased return to work? (4) Has the fit note reduced the length of sickness absence? We considered the way in which outcomes vary according to patient demographics including type of health problem...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733668/toward-understanding-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-among-trauma-affected-widows-in-sri-lanka
#12
Jessica E Lambert, Alyssa Banford Witting, Spencer James, Lakmal Ponnamperuma, Thulitha Wickrama
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we applied conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989) to explain high rates of depression and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among war- and disaster-affected Tamil widows in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. We hypothesized exposure to potentially traumatic events and severity of current contextual problems would influence PTSS and depressive symptoms directly and indirectly through loss of psychological (view of self), environmental (sense of community), and energy (physical health) resources...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733043/effect-of-whole-body-vibration-on-neuromuscular-performance-a-literature-review
#13
Mohd Mukhtar Alam, Abid Ali Khan, Mohd Farooq
BACKGROUND: Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a neuromuscular training method that has recently received popularity in health and fitness centers, as an additional or substitute method to conventional training and therapy, in order to improve muscle strength and power. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to critically observe the effect of WBV training on neuromuscular performance in view of its ability to enhance the muscles strength, power, and flexibility; and also to investigate the influence of the different vibration characteristics (viz...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729132/we-run-this-city-impact-of-a-community-school-fitness-program-on-obesity-health-and-fitness
#14
Elaine A Borawski, Sarah Drewes Jones, Laura Danosky Yoder, Tara Taylor, Barbara A Clint, Meredith A Goodwin, Erika S Trapl
INTRODUCTION: The We Run This City (WRTC) Youth Marathon Program is a community-supported, school-based fitness program designed to increase physical activity in a large, urban school district by engaging middle school youth to train 12 to 14 weeks to run or walk 1.2 miles, 6.2 miles, or 13.1 miles of the Rite Aid Cleveland Marathon. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of the intervention on adolescent health. METHODS: We assessed changes in obesity, health, and fitness, measured before training and postintervention, among 1,419 sixth- to eighth-grade students participating in WRTC for the first time, with particular interest in the program's effect on overweight (85th-94th body mass index percentile) or obese (≥95th percentile) students...
May 3, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722623/force-properties-of-skinned-cardiac-muscle-following-increasing-volumes-of-aerobic-exercise-in-rats
#15
Kevin Rudi Boldt, Jaqueline Lourdes Rios, Venus Joumaa, Walter Herzog
The positive effects of chronic endurance exercise training on health and performance have been well documented. These positive effects have been evaluated primarily at the structural level, and work has begun to evaluate mechanical adaptations of the myocardium. However, it remains poorly understood how the volume of exercise training affects cardiac adaptation. In order to gain some understanding, we subjected three-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats (N=23) to treadmill running for eleven weeks at one of three exercise volumes (moderate, high, and extra high)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710370/effects-of-exercise-intensity-on-microvascular-function-in-obese-adolescents
#16
Christopher Morrissey, David Montero, Cecile Raverdy, Delphine Masson, Marie-Jo Amiot, Agnes Vinet
The optimal exercise modality for the improvement of health-related parameters and microvascular function in obese adolescents is not yet fully understood. Therefore, this study aimed to 1) compare the microvascular phenotype of obese and normal-weight adolescents; and 2) to determine the effects of a lifestyle intervention including three months of moderate continuous training (MCT) or high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on health-related parameters and microvascular function in 29 obese adolescents. Body composition, metabolic profile, aerobic fitness and cutaneous blood flow, measured using laser Doppler flowmetry at rest and during post-occlusive reactive hyperemia, were assessed prior to and following lifestyle intervention...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703218/physical-activity-and-nutrition-intervention-for-singaporean-women-aged-50-years-and-above-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Elaine Yee-Sing Wong, Andy H Lee, Anthony P James, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: The majority of the older Singaporean women aged 50 years and above are physically inactive and have unhealthy dietary habits, placing them at 'high risk' of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The adoption of regular physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet are essential lifestyle behaviours to reduce this risk. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) involves the development, implementation and evaluation of a PA and nutrition programme for community-dwelling Singaporean women who currently attend recreational centres (RCs are public facilities supporting social leisure activities) in their local area...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686983/systematic-multimethod-assessment-of-adaptations-across-four-diverse-health-systems-interventions
#18
Borsika A Rabin, Marina McCreight, Catherine Battaglia, Roman Ayele, Robert E Burke, Paul L Hess, Joseph W Frank, Russell E Glasgow
Background: Many health outcomes and implementation science studies have demonstrated the importance of tailoring evidence-based care interventions to local context to improve fit. By adapting to local culture, history, resources, characteristics, and priorities, interventions are more likely to lead to improved outcomes. However, it is unclear how best to adapt evidence-based programs and promising innovations. There are few guides or examples of how to best categorize or assess health-care adaptations, and even fewer that are brief and practical for use by non-researchers...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683925/short-term-8-weeks-high-intensity-interval-training-in-diseased-cohorts
#19
James E M Blackwell, Brett Doleman, Philip J J Herrod, Samuel Ricketts, Bethan E Phillips, Jonathan N Lund, John P Williams
BACKGROUND & AIM: Exercise training regimes can lead to improvements in measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), improved general health, and reduced morbidity and overall mortality risk. High intensity interval training (HIIT) offers a time-efficient approach to improve CRF in healthy individuals, but the relative benefits of HIIT compared to traditional training methods are unknown in across different disease cohorts. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis compares CRF gains in randomised controlled trials of short-term (<8 weeks) HIIT vs...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683919/hiit-in-the-real-world-outcomes-from-a-12-month-intervention-in-overweight-adults
#20
Melyssa Roy, Sheila M Williams, Rachel C Brown, Kim A Meredith-Jones, Hamish Osborne, Michelle Jospe, Rachael W Taylor
PURPOSE: Although high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise have comparable health outcomes in the laboratory setting, effectiveness studies in real-world environments are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an unsupervised HIIT programme in overweight/obese adults over 12 months. METHODS: 250 overweight/obese adults could choose HIIT or current exercise guidelines of 30 minutes/day moderate-intensity exercise...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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