keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health, Fitness, Training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319583/factor-structure-of-the-cultural-competence-items-in-the-national-home-and-hospice-care-survey
#1
Azza AbuDagga, Constance A Mara, Adam C Carle, Robert Weech-Maldonado
BACKGROUND: There is a need for validated measures of cultural competency practices in home health and hospice care (HHHC). OBJECTIVE: To establish the factor structure of the cultural competency items included in the agency-component of the 2007 public-use National Home and Hospice Care Survey file. DATA SOURCE: We used weighted survey data from 1036 HHHC agencies. RESEARCH DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: We used exploratory factor analyses to identify a preliminary factor structure, and then performed confirmatory factor analysis to provide further support for identified factor structure...
March 17, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303590/psychiatric-disability-in-law-enforcement-officers
#2
Marilyn Price
Law enforcement officers all across the world are exposed to violence, confrontation, and traumatic incidents. They regularly witness death and suffering and are at risk of personal injury. Psychiatric sequelae include an increased risk for trauma-related symptoms, depression, alcohol-use disorders, and stress-related medical conditions. Law enforcement officers have been applying for early disability retirement pensions at an increased rate for stress-related psychiatric and medical conditions. As a result, law enforcement agencies are prematurely losing valuable resources, officers with training and experience...
March 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303367/effects-of-long-term-multicomponent-exercise-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-evidence-from-a-cohort-study
#3
Liliana C Baptista, Gonçalo Dias, Nelba R Souza, Manuel T Veríssimo, Raul A Martins
PURPOSE: To establish the effect of a long-term multicomponent exercise (LTMEX) intervention (24 months) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This longitudinal retrospective cohort study analyzes the effects of a supervised LTMEX program on HRQoL in older adults with T2D (n = 279). Participants underwent one of two conditions: LTMEX (n = 241) trained three times per week; and unchanged lifestyle-the control group (CO; n = 38)...
March 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298207/understanding-low-uptake-of-contraceptives-in-resource-limited-settings-a-mixed-methods-study-in-rural-burundi
#4
M Ndayizigiye, M C Smith Fawzi, C Thompson Lively, N C Ware
BACKGROUND: Family planning can reduce deaths, improve health, and facilitate economic development in resource-limited settings. Yet, modern contraceptive methods are often underused. This mixed-methods study, conducted in rural Burundi, sought to explain low uptake of contraceptives by identifying utilization barriers. Results may inform development of family planning interventions in Burundi and elsewhere. METHODS: We investigated uptake of contraceptives among women of reproductive age in two rural districts of Burundi, using an explanatory sequential, mixed-methods research design...
March 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296625/a-social-work-response-to-the-affordable-care-act-prevention-and-early-intervention
#5
Matthew J Corrigan, Kathryn Krase, John Charles Reed
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act represents a reinvestment in primary care, with a focus on prevention of illness and remediation of the impacts of chronic diseases through a behavioral health framework. Licensed social work professionals, specifically those trained in behavioral health, are a natural fit to help implement these new approaches. Though there are many evidence-based interventions that will be helpful, two that come from the field of substance abuse ought to be specifically beneficial: SAMHSA's SBIRT Model and Motivational Interviewing, developed by Miller and Rollnick...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292304/design-and-implementation-of-electronic-health-record-integrated-clinical-prediction-rules-icpr-a-randomized-trial-in-diverse-primary-care-settings
#6
David A Feldstein, Rachel Hess, Thomas McGinn, Rebecca G Mishuris, Lauren McCullagh, Paul D Smith, Michael Flynn, Joseph Palmisano, Gheorghe Doros, Devin Mann
BACKGROUND: Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) represent a method of determining individual patient risk to help providers make more accurate decisions at the point of care. Well-validated CPRs are underutilized but may decrease antibiotic overuse for acute respiratory infections. The integrated clinical prediction rules (iCPR) study builds on a previous single clinic study to integrate two CPRs into the electronic health record and assess their impact on practice. This article discusses study design and implementation of a multicenter cluster randomized control trial of the iCPR clinical decision support system, including the tool adaptation, usability testing, staff training, and implementation study to disseminate iCPR at multiple clinical sites across two health care systems...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292282/metabolic-risk-management-physical-exercise-and-lifestyle-counselling-in-low-active-adults-controlled-randomized-trial-bellugat
#7
Assumpta Ensenyat, Gemma Espigares-Tribo, Leonardo Machado, Francisco José Verdejo, Rosa Rodriguez-Arregui, José Serrano, Marta Miret, Gisela Galindo, Alfonso Blanco, Josep-Ramon Marsal, Susana Sarriegui, Xenia Sinfreu-Bergues, Noemi Serra-Paya
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of different doses (intensity) of supervised exercise training - concomitant with lifestyle counselling - as a primary care intervention tool for the management of metabolic syndrome risk factors in low-active adults with one or more such factors (programme name in Catalan: Bellugat de CAP a peus). METHODS/DESIGN: Three-arm, randomized controlled clinical trial implemented in the primary care setting, with a duration of 40 weeks (16 weeks intervention and 24-week follow-up)...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291666/risk-and-protective-factors-for-sudden-cardiac-death-during-leisure-activities-in-the-mountains-an-update
#8
REVIEW
Martin Burtscher
INTRODUCTION: Annually, more than 100 million tourists with widely varying health and fitness status are attracted by the mountainous areas around the world. Whereas mountaineering activities may contribute to the well established beneficial effects of regular exercise, for certain individuals these activities are also associated with a relatively high risk of death. METHODS: This manuscript presents an updated overview of risk and protective factors for sudden cardiac death during leisure activities in the mountains...
February 28, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291022/effects-of-descending-stair-walking-on-health-and-fitness-of-elderly-obese-women
#9
Trevor C Chen, Chung-Chan Hsieh, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Chih-Chiao Ho, Kazunori Nosaka
PURPOSE: Eccentric exercise training produces positive fitness and health outcomes, but whether this is also the case for descending stair walking (DSW) is unknown. This study investigated the hypothesis that DSW would improve insulin sensitivity, lipid profiles and physical fitness better than ascending stair walking (ASW). METHODS: Elderly (≥60 y) obese women were placed to either DSW or ASW group (n=15/group). An elevator was used to eliminate ascending stairs for DSW, and descending stairs for ASW...
March 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289678/improving-community-health-using-an-outcome-oriented-cqi-approach-to-community-engaged-health-professions-education
#10
Amy Clithero, Simone Jacquelyn Ross, Lyn Middleton, Carole Reeve, Andre-Jacques Neusy
Health professionals providing health-care services must have the relevant competencies and clinical experiences needed to improve population health outcomes in different contexts. Current models of health profession education often fail to produce a fit-for-purpose workforce ready and willing to provide relevant, quality care to underserved communities. Evidence is emerging that community-engaged and socially accountable health workforce education, i.e., aligned with priority health needs, produces a workforce ready and willing to work in partnership with underserved regions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289014/addressing-the-crisis-of-gp-recruitment-and-retention-a-systematic-review
#11
Catherine Marchand, Stephen Peckham
BACKGROUND: The numbers of GPs and training places in general practice are declining, and retaining GPs in their practices is an increasing problem. AIM: To identify evidence on different approaches to retention and recruitment of GPs, such as intrinsic versus extrinsic motivational determinants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research using seven electronic databases from 1990 onwards (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Health Management Information Consortium [HMIC], Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), PsycINFO, and the Turning Research Into Practice [TRIP] database)...
March 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286739/people-trying-to-lose-weight-dislike-calorie-counting-apps-and-want-motivational-support-to-help-them-achieve-their-goals
#12
Linda Solbrig, Ray Jones, David Kavanagh, Jon May, Tracey Parkin, Jackie Andrade
BACKGROUND: Two thirds of UK adults are overweight or obese and at increased risk of chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and certain cancers. Basic public health support for weight loss comprises information about healthy eating and lifestyle, but internet and mobile applications (apps) create possibilities for providing long-term motivational support. AIMS: To explore among people currently trying to lose weight, or maintaining weight loss, (i) problems, experiences and wishes in regards to weight management and weight loss support including e-health support; (ii) reactions to Functional Imagery Training (FIT) as a possible intervention...
March 2017: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285726/construct-validity-current-issues-and-recommendations-for-future-hand-hygiene-research
#13
REVIEW
Jun Rong Jeffrey Neo
Health care-associated infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Hand hygiene is widely regarded as an effective prevention strategy. Often, hand hygiene research is designed and conducted by health care practitioners who may lack formal training in research methods, particularly in the area of social science. In a research context, a construct is a concept that can be measured or observed in some way. A construct can be directly or indirectly measured. For example, height can be directly measured by centimeters, whereas depression can be indirectly measured by a scale of 20 items...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282419/low-back-pain-during-military-service-predicts-low-back-pain-later-in-life
#14
Ville M Mattila, Heikki Kyröläinen, Matti Santtila, Harri Pihlajamäki
The aim of the present study was to assess associations between physician diagnosed unspecified low back pain (LBP) during compulsory military service and self-reported LBP and physical fitness measured on average four years after military service. From a total of 1155 persons who had been pass medical examination for military service and who had completed physically demanding military training between 1997 and 2007, 778 men participated in a refresher military training course and physical tests. In this study, the association between LBP during military service and LBP in later life in addition to the association between LBP and physical fitness were examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271801/pediatric-aerobic-fitness-and-trainability
#15
Neil Armstrong
Three papers which between them raise controversial issues, apply laboratory measures to sport performance, and expose gaps in knowledge were selected for commentary. The first paper (Sports Med. 2016;46:1451-1460) reviews the literature on peak V̇O2 in relation to body size and recommends that peak V̇O2 in youth is best expressed via allometric scaling of lean body mass. The second paper (Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2016;28:456-465) reports that maturity status has no effect on peak V̇O2, respiratory compensation point, or ventilatory threshold in youth soccer players once data have been allometrically normalized by lower limb muscle volume...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271580/non-modifiable-determinants-of-pharmacy-residency-match-rates
#16
Joshua Caballero, Sandra Benavides, Kevin A Clauson, Patrick C Hardigan, Brandon K Martinez, Valerie Llerena
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine non-modifiable pharmacy program characteristics on residency match rates. METHODS: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists match and non-match lists were de-identified and evaluated for students graduating in 2015. Variables analysed included length of program, type of institution and didactic grading scheme. KEY FINDINGS: Students from 4-year programs, attending a public institution, or using a grade point average had greater odds of matching...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269687/stayfit-a-wearable-application-for-gym-based-power-training
#17
Maram Maheedhar, Aman Gaurav, Vivek Jilla, Vijay N Tiwari, Rangavittal Narayanan
Comprehensive fitness training involves both cardiorespiratory and power components. Often power/muscle strength training is confused with cardiorespiratory endurance training. However, each of them target different physiological aspects of fitness. Although, wearable based fitness trackers designed towards cardiorespiratory endurance training are available in the market, a dedicated wearable based fitness application designed for power training/tracking is still not readily available to fitness enthusiasts...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269191/spectral-based-pneumonia-detection-tool-using-ultrasound-data-from-pediatric-populations
#18
O Zenteno, B Castaneda, R Lavarello
Pediatric Pneumonia is one of the principal causes of death by year on children under the age of five worldwide. The diagnosis is commonly made by clinical criteria with support from imaging tools like radiography. Lung ultrasound has been considered a low-cost and portable alternative for pneumonia imaging; however, interpretation is subjective and requires adequate training. In the present work, a pneumonia detection algorithm based on the measurement of the fundamental bandwidth downshift over depth of ultrasound radiofrequency (RF) signals is presented...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267098/it-comes-with-the-job-work-organizational-job-design-and-self-regulatory-barriers-to-improving-the-health-status-of-train-drivers
#19
Anjum Naweed, Janine Chapman, Matthew Allan, Joshua Trigg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impacts of key barriers to improving the occupational health status of Australian train drivers. METHODS: From May to June, 2015, five semi-structured qualitative focus groups were conducted with 29 train drivers from South Australian, Victorian, and New South Wales-based rail organizations in Australia. RESULTS: Occupational health was impeded by multiple barriers regarding sleep (patterns/fatigue), diet (planning/context), mental health (occupational stress), rostering (low autonomy), sedentary time, low fitness motivation, and family/social life conflicts...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265557/modified-delphi-consensus-to-suggest-key-elements-of-stepping-on-falls-prevention-program
#20
Jane E Mahoney, Lindy Clemson, Amy Schlotthauer, Karin A Mack, Terry Shea, Vicki Gobel, Sandy Cech
Falls among older adults result in substantial morbidity and mortality. Community-based programs have been shown to decrease the rate of falls. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded a research study to determine how to successfully disseminate the evidence-based fall prevention program (Stepping On) in the community setting. As the first step for this study, a panel of subject matter experts was convened to suggest which parts of the Stepping On fall prevention program were considered key elements, which could not be modified by implementers...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
keyword
keyword
45248
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"