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Health, Fitness, Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438275/psychophysical-health-status-of-breast-cancer-survivors-and-effects-of-12-weeks-of-aerobic-training
#1
Andrea Di Blasio, Teresa Morano, Ettore Cianchetti, Sabina Gallina, Ines Bucci, Serena Di Santo, Camilla Tinari, Francesco Di Donato, Pascal Izzicupo, Angela Di Baldassarre, Alessandra Cimini, Giorgio Napolitano
The aim of this study was to analyse the health status of breast cancer survivors and the effects of 12 weeks of aerobic training. Twenty-three breast cancer survivors (51.71 ± 3.17 years) and 23 healthy women (50.73 ± 2.97 years) were investigated for body composition, daily physical activity, quality of life, salivary cortisol, and DHEA-S. Breast cancer survivors were then aerobically trained for 12 weeks. Breast cancer survivors have a worse psychophysical health than healthy women. Aerobic training increased salivary DHEA-S, aerobic fitness, self-reported health, and nocturnal sleeping time and reduced salivary cortisol in breast cancer survivors...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#2
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428156/user-interest-in-digital-health-technologies-to-encourage-physical-activity-results-of-a-survey-in-students-and-staff-of-a-german-university
#3
Annett Salzwedel, Sophie Rabe, Thomas Zahn, Julia Neuwirth, Sarah Eichler, Kathrin Haubold, Anne Wachholz, Rona Reibis, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits for health of physical activity (PA) are well documented, the majority of the population is unable to implement present recommendations into daily routine. Mobile health (mHealth) apps could help increase the level of PA. However, this is contingent on the interest of potential users. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was the explorative, nuanced determination of the interest in mHealth apps with respect to PA among students and staff of a university...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#4
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416154/a-comparison-of-dicarbonyl-stress-and-advanced-glycation-endproducts-in-lifelong-endurance-athletes-vs-sedentary-controls
#5
Martijn F H Maessen, Casper G Schalkwijk, Rebecca J H M Verheggen, Vincent L Aengevaeren, Maria T E Hopman, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
OBJECTIVES: Dicarbonyl stress and high concentrations of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) relate to an elevated risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Exercise training lowers the risk for future CVD. We tested the hypothesis that lifelong endurance athletes have lower dicarbonyl stress and AGEs compared to sedentary controls and that these differences relate to a better cardiovascular health profile. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We included 18 lifelong endurance athletes (ATH, 61±7years) and 18 sedentary controls (SED, 58±7years) and measured circulating glyoxal (GO), methylglyoxal (MGO) and 3-deoxyglucosone (3DG) as markers of dicarbonyl stress...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414745/mapping-the-srs-22r-questionnaire-onto-the-eq-5d-5l-utility-score-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#6
Carlos King Ho Wong, Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Dino Samartzis, Keith Dip-Kei Luk, Kenneth M C Cheung, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam, Jason Pui Yin Cheung
This is a prospective study to establish prediction models that map the refined Scoliosis Research Society 22-item (SRS-22r) onto EuroQoL-5 dimension 5-level (EQ-5D-5L) utility scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. Comparison of treatment outcomes in AIS can be determined by cost-utility analysis. However, the mainstay spine-specific health-related quality of life outcome measure, the SRS-22r questionnaire does not provide utility assessment. In this study, AIS patients were prospectively recruited to complete both the EQ-5D-5L and SRS-22r questionnaires by trained interviewers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406342/modelling-the-effect-of-perceived-interdependence-among-mental-healthcare-professionals-on-their-work-role-performance
#7
Marie-Pierre Markon, François Chiocchio, Marie-Josée Fleury
The purpose of mental healthcare system reform was to enhance service efficiency by strengthening primary mental healthcare and increasing service integration in communities. Reinforcing interprofessional teamwork also intended to address the extensive and multidimensional needs of patients with mental disorders by bringing together a broader array of expertise. In this context, mental healthcare professionals (MHCPs) from various health and social care professions are more interdependent in many aspects of their work (tasks, resources, and goals)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406104/institutionalized-physical-activity-curriculum-benefits-of-medical-students-in-colombia
#8
Gustavo Tovar, Gabriel López, Milcíades Ibáñez, Ricardo Alvarado, Felipe Lobelo, John Duperly
BACKGROUND: Health authorities internationally have recommended implementing physical activity and exercise for health training programs within the curriculum of medical schools. The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the changes in physical fitness and health (Fitnessgram criteria) of a sports medicine and physical activity course implemented for 3rd year students in a private medical school in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: Intervention was targeted to 13 medical student cohorts...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402178/top-10-research-questions-related-to-youth-aerobic-fitness
#9
Neil Armstrong
Peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]2) is internationally recognized as the criterion measure of youth aerobic fitness, but despite pediatric data being available for almost 80 years, its measurement and interpretation in relation to growth, maturation, and health remain controversial. The trainability of youth aerobic fitness continues to be hotly debated, and causal mechanisms of training-induced changes and their modulation by chronological age, biological maturation, and sex are still to be resolved...
April 12, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392983/effects-of-online-group-exercises-for-older-adults-on-physical-psychological-and-social-wellbeing-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#10
Marcos Baez, Iman Khaghani Far, Francisco Ibarra, Michela Ferron, Daniele Didino, Fabio Casati
BACKGROUND: Intervention programs to promote physical activity in older adults, either in group or home settings, have shown equivalent health outcomes but different results when considering adherence. Group-based interventions seem to achieve higher participation in the long-term. However, there are many factors that can make of group exercises a challenging setting for older adults. A major one, due to the heterogeneity of this particular population, is the difference in the level of skills...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392264/effects-of-bodypump-and-resistance-training-with-and-without-a-personal-trainer-on-muscle-strength-and-body-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Anne Mette Rustaden, Lene A H Haakstad, Gøran Paulsen, Kari Bø
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obese individuals are recommended to perform regular resistance training, and the health- and fitness industry offer several exercise programs with purpose to improve muscle strength and body composition. This randomised controlled trial aimed to compare 12 weeks (45-60min, 3 sessions/weeks) of popular exercise programs, available at health- and fitness centers worldwide. METHODS: Previous untrained women with BMI≥25 were allocated to either BodyPump (a high-repetition group session) (n=25), individual resistance training with a personal trainer (n=25), non-supervised individual resistance training (n=21) and non-exercising control group (n=21)...
April 6, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386577/automatic-vertebra-segmentation-on-dynamic-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Sinan Onal, Xin Chen, Susana Lai-Yuen, Stuart Hart
The automatic extraction of the vertebra's shape from dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could improve understanding of clinical conditions and their diagnosis. It is hypothesized that the shape of the sacral curve is related to the development of some gynecological conditions such as pelvic organ prolapse (POP). POP is a critical health condition for women and consists of pelvic organs dropping from their normal position. Dynamic MRI is used for assessing POP and to complement clinical examination. Studies have shown some evidence on the association between the shape of the sacral curve and the development of POP...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386234/high-intensity-interval-training-in-normobaric-hypoxia-improves-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-overweight-chinese-young-women
#13
Zhaowei Kong, Qingde Shi, Jinlei Nie, Tomas K Tong, Lili Song, Longyan Yi, Yang Hu
Previous studies have investigated the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition in overweight populations. However, the additive effect of HIIT and hypoxia on health parameters is not clear. This study compared the effects of HIIT under hypoxic conditions on cardiometabolic function with that under normoxia in overweight Chinese young women. Methods: A double-blind randomized controlled experimental design was applied. Twenty-four sedentary overweight Chinese young women (weight: 68...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385556/high-intensity-interval-training-for-maximizing-health-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Trine Karlsen, Inger-Lise Aamot, Mark Haykowsky, Øivind Rognmo
Regular physical activity and exercise training are important actions to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and maintain health throughout life. There is solid evidence that exercise is an effective preventative strategy against at least 25 medical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, stroke, hypertension, colon and breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Traditionally, endurance exercise training (ET) to improve health related outcomes has consisted of low- to moderate ET intensity. However, a growing body of evidence suggests that higher exercise intensities may be superior to moderate intensity for maximizing health outcomes...
April 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381272/a-higher-effort-based-paradigm-in-physical-activity-and-exercise-for-public-health-making-the-case-for-a-greater-emphasis-on-resistance-training
#15
James Steele, James Fisher, Martin Skivington, Chris Dunn, Josh Arnold, Garry Tew, Alan M Batterham, David Nunan, Jamie M O'Driscoll, Steven Mann, Chris Beedie, Simon Jobson, Dave Smith, Andrew Vigotsky, Stuart Phillips, Paul Estabrooks, Richard Winett
It is well known that physical activity and exercise is associated with a lower risk of a range of morbidities and all-cause mortality. Further, it appears that risk reductions are greater when physical activity and/or exercise is performed at a higher intensity of effort. Why this may be the case is perhaps explained by the accumulating evidence linking physical fitness and performance outcomes (e.g. cardiorespiratory fitness, strength, and muscle mass) also to morbidity and mortality risk. Current guidelines about the performance of moderate/vigorous physical activity using aerobic exercise modes focuses upon the accumulation of a minimum volume of physical activity and/or exercise, and have thus far produced disappointing outcomes...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377115/this-is-your-new-normal-a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-physical-activity-in-veterans-with-lower-extremity-loss
#16
Alyson J Littman, Erin D Bouldin, Jodie K Haselkorn
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) is essential for aging well with a disability, preventing the onset or worsening of chronic conditions, functional loss, and maintaining or improving quality of life, yet PA levels are low in those with disabilities, including those with a lower extremity amputation (LEA). OBJECTIVE: To determine methods for promoting PA in this population, our objective was to better understand the barriers and facilitators to PA that persons with LEA face...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373911/feasibility-of-high-intensity-interval-training-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-in-adults-with-inactive-or-mildly-active-crohn-s-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Garry A Tew, Roger Carpenter, Michael Seed, Simon Anderson, Louise Langmead, Caroline Fairhurst, Lindsay Bottoms
BACKGROUND: Structured exercise training has been proposed as a useful adjunctive therapy for Crohn's disease by improving immune function and psychological health, reducing fatigue and promoting gains in muscle and bone strength. However, the evidence for exercise in Crohn's disease is sparse, with only a handful of small prospective trials [1, 2], with methodological limitations, including the use of non-randomised and non-controlled study designs and small sample sizes. Here, we describe the protocol for a study that aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of two common types of exercise training-high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT)-in adults with inactive or mildly active Crohn's disease (CD)...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360853/white-matter-integrity-declined-over-6-months-but-dance-intervention-improved-integrity-of-the-fornix-of-older-adults
#18
Agnieszka Z Burzynska, Yuqin Jiao, Anya M Knecht, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A Awick, Tammy Chen, Neha Gothe, Michelle W Voss, Edward McAuley, Arthur F Kramer
Degeneration of cerebral white matter (WM), or structural disconnection, is one of the major neural mechanisms driving age-related decline in cognitive functions, such as processing speed. Past cross-sectional studies have demonstrated beneficial effects of greater cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, cognitive training, social engagement, and nutrition on cognitive functioning and brain health in aging. Here, we collected diffusion magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging data from 174 older (age 60-79) adults to study the effects of 6-months lifestyle interventions on WM integrity...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359596/-primary-care-in-ireland
#19
T Sánchez-Sagrado
Spanish doctors are still leaving the country to look for quality work. Ireland is not a country with many Spanish professionals but it is interesting to know its particular Health care system. Ireland is one of the countries with a national health care system, although it has a mixture of private health care insurance schemes. People have a right to health care if they have been living in Ireland at least for a year. Access to the primary care health system depends on age and income: free of charge for Category 1 and co-payments for the rest...
March 27, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359338/development-of-the-good-health-research-practice-course-ensuring-quality-across-all-health-research-in-humans
#20
Patricia Henley, Varalakshmi Elango, Olaf Horstick, Riris Andono Ahmad, Christine Maure, Pascal Launois, Corinne Merle, Jamila Nabieva, Yodi Mahendradhata
Quality and ethics need to be embedded into all areas of research with human participants. Good Clinical Practice (GCP) guidelines are international ethical and scientific quality standards for designing, conducting, recording and reporting trials involving human participants. Compliance with GCP is expected to provide public assurance that the rights, safety and wellbeing of participants are protected and that the clinical research data are credible. However, whilst GCP guidelines, particularly their principles, are recommended across all research types, it is difficult for non-clinical trial research to fit in with the exacting requirements of GCP...
March 31, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
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