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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786534/-the-gynecological-pessary-is-it-really-a-device-of-another-age-a-fig-leaf
#1
E Nohuz, E Jouve, G Clement, B Jacquetin
OBJECTIVES: The use of pessary to put back up prolapsed organs to their normal position dates back prior to several millennia. This work aims to discuss its place in our clinical practice through an updated bibliographic review and emphasizes a hands-on approach to pessary fitting and management in terms of indication, pessary type selection, device' size, insertion, removal, follow-up visits and care. METHODS: A review of the literature, in the light of the latest publications and recommendations of French and international learned societies, as well as our own experience, were analyzed...
May 18, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786526/application-of-multiple-behaviour-change-models-to-identify-determinants-of-farmers-biosecurity-attitudes-and-behaviours
#2
I F Richens, J Houdmont, W Wapenaar, O Shortall, J Kaler, H O'Connor, M L Brennan
It has been recognised that few cattle farmers undertake biosecurity practices on their farms. Approaches that take into consideration individuals' preparedness for change, alongside beliefs thought to motivate the enactment of certain behaviours, may provide a framework for actuating tangible change. The aim of this study was to use a combination of behaviour change models to link beliefs with behaviour and identify possible key interventions to improve the uptake of biosecurity measures by dairy cattle farmers in Great Britain (GB)...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786130/ras-mutation-is-associated-with-unsalvageable-recurrence-following-hepatectomy-for-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases
#3
Masayuki Okuno, Claire Goumard, Scott Kopetz, Eduardo A Vega, Katharina Joechle, Takashi Mizuno, Kiyohiko Omichi, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Yun Shin Chun, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: RAS mutation status predicts survival after hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) and survival after repeat hepatectomy for intrahepatic recurrence. This study was aimed at determining the impact of RAS mutation on amenability of recurrence to local therapy and on post-recurrence survival following hepatectomy. METHODS: CRLM patients with recurrence at any location after curative intent hepatectomy during the period 2006-2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786125/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-use-in-breast-cancer-is-greatest-in-excellent-responders-triple-negative-and-her2-subtypes
#4
Brittany L Murphy, Courtney N Day, Tanya L Hoskin, Elizabeth B Habermann, Judy C Boughey
BACKGROUND: While breast cancer has historically been treated with surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) and radiation when indicated, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) use is thought to be increasing; however, the trends of its use in various biological subtypes have not been evaluated. We sought to evaluate the trend of NAC use over time by biological subtype. METHODS: We identified all patients with invasive breast cancer who underwent curative intent surgery and were treated with chemotherapy from 2010 to 2015 from the National Cancer Database...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785910/a-large-scale-study-of-indicators-of-sub-clinical-mastitis-in-dairy-cattle-by-attribute-weighting-analysis-of-milk-composition-features-highlighting-the-predictive-power-of-lactose-and-electrical-conductivity
#5
Esmaeil Ebrahimie, Faezeh Ebrahimi, Mansour Ebrahimi, Sarah Tomlinson, Kiro R Petrovski
Sub-clinical mastitis (SCM) affects milk composition. In this study, we hypothesise that large-scale mining of milk composition features by pattern recognition models can identify the best predictors of SCM within the milk composition features. To this end, using data mining algorithms, we conducted a large-scale and longitudinal study to evaluate the ability of various milk production parameters as indicators of SCM. SCM is the most prevalent disease of dairy cattle, causing substantial economic loss for the dairy industry...
May 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785551/salivary-duct-carcinoma-evaluation-of-treatment-and-outcome-in-a-tertiary-referral-institute
#6
Ann-Jean C C Beck, Peter J F M Lohuis, Abrahim Al-Mamgani, Laura A Smit, Willem M C Klop
PURPOSE: The aggressive behavior of salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) necessitates an aggressive treatment strategy, including surgery and radiotherapy (RT). We evaluated practice patterns and treatment outcomes in patients with SDC treated in our Institute. METHODS: Patients with SDC of the parotid or submandibular gland treated with curative intention in our Institute from 1998 until 2016 were reviewed. Our diagnostic workup and treatment strategy were evaluated together with treatment outcomes...
May 21, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785496/bareback-sexually-explicit-media-consumption-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-s-responses-to-sexual-partners-who-prefer-anal-intercourse-with-or-without-condoms
#7
Michael Thai, Fiona Kate Barlow
This study investigated whether "bareback" (i.e., condomless) sexually explicit media (SEM) consumption is differentially associated with men who have sex with men's (MSM) concerns about, and willingness to have, condomless anal intercourse (CAI) versus anal intercourse with condoms. Participants were 659 Australian MSM who all reported their bareback SEM consumption and read a vignette in which they were propositioned for sex by a hypothetical male target. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four vignettes, in which the target exclusively preferred either CAI or anal intercourse with condoms, and either did or did not disclose that they took pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785475/cohort-study-of-psychiatric-adverse-events-following-exposure-to-levonorgestrel-containing-intrauterine-devices-in-uk-general-practice
#8
Jim Slattery, Daniel Morales, Luis Pinheiro, Xavier Kurz
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine devices are implantable contraceptives of which some brands steadily release levonorgestrel over an extended time period. Exposure to a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device has been associated with depression and, more recently, a connection to anxiety, panic attacks, sleep problems and restlessness has been suggested. This study uses data from the THIN database of UK general practice to investigate these suggestions. METHODS: A cohort study was performed to compare the incidence of psychiatric adverse events between groups of women who were new users of levonorgestrel-releasing and non-hormonal intrauterine devices...
May 21, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785287/lymph-node-dissection-during-sublobar-resection-why-when-and-how
#9
REVIEW
Pascal-Alexandre Thomas
Appropriate lymph node (LN) assessment is a hallmark of surgical quality of curative intent operations for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Even in the era of extensive pre-treatment work-up including routine PET-scanning and brain imaging, and selective invasive LN evaluation, unexpected LN metastases are found at surgery in more than 10% of patients with a cT1aN0 tumor. Systematic lymphadenectomy minimizes the risk of leaving tumor-LN behind and thus the risk of an incomplete resection, and provides the most truthful pTNM, which is decisive in directing adjuvant chemotherapy...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785160/observational-study-of-the-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-jaws
#10
Andreea Elena Lungu, Madalina Anca Lazar, Andrada Tonea, Horatiu Rotaru, Rares Calin Roman, Mindra Eugenia Badea
Introduction: The bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw was first referred to in 2003. Bisphosphonates action is focused on the osteoclasts. The drastic inhibition of the osteoclastic function is harmful for the jaws which are the only bones of the human skeleton in relative contact with the external environment. The adverse effects of the bisphosphonate-related therapy include the pathology for which they are prescribed, the atypical fractures in pathological bone. Method: The aim of this research was to analyze the risk factors and the treatment methods in case of osteonecrosis of the jaws...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784981/human-activities-might-influence-oncogenic-processes-in-wild-animal-populations
#11
REVIEW
Mathieu Giraudeau, Tuul Sepp, Beata Ujvari, Paul W Ewald, Frédéric Thomas
Based on the abundant studies available on humans showing clear associations between rapid environmental changes and the rate of neoplasia, we propose that human activities might increase cancer rate in wild populations through numerous processes. Most of the research on this topic has concentrated on wildlife cancer prevalence in environments that are heavily contaminated with anthropogenic chemicals. Here, we propose that human activities might also increase cancer rate in wild populations through additional processes including light pollution, accidental (for example, human waste) or intentional (for example, bird feeders) wildlife feeding (and the associated change of diet), or reduction of genetic diversity in human-impacted habitats...
May 21, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784890/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-level-and-lifestyle-behavior-interventions-applying-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-girl-adolescents
#12
Mohammad Bagherniya, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Manoj Sharma, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Golnaz Ranjbar, Ali Taghipour, Mohammad Safraian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and physical inactivity and considered as one of the most important contributing factors. We aimed to evaluate a school-based physical activity intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to increase physical activity behavior in order to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial study. METHODS: A seven-month randomized controlled trial based on SCT was implemented with 172 overweight and obese girl students (87 in intervention and 85 in control group), with the presence of their parents and teachers...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784754/pediatric-adhd-medication-exposures-reported-to-us-poison-control-centers
#13
Samantha A King, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Nichole L Hodges, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
: media-1vid110.1542/5754332180001PEDS-VA_2017-3872 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics and trends of exposures to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications among individuals 0 to 19 years old reported to US poison control centers. METHODS: National Poison Data System data from 2000 through 2014 were retrospectively analyzed to examine pediatric ADHD medication exposures. RESULTS: From 2000 through 2014, there were 156 365 exposures reported to US poison control centers related to ADHD medications...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784628/why-physics-in-medicine
#14
Ehsan Samei, Thomas M Grist
Despite its crucial role in the development of new medical imaging technologies, in clinical practice, physics has primarily been involved in the technical evaluation of technologies. However, this narrow role is no longer adequate. New trajectories in medicine call for a stronger role for physics in the clinic. The movement toward evidence-based, quantitative, and value-based medicine requires physicists to play a more integral role in delivering innovative precision care through the intentional clinical application of physical sciences...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784214/implementing-non-violent-resistance-a-method-to-cope-with-aggression-in-child-and-adolescent-residential-care-exploration-of-staff-members-experiences
#15
Kirsten van Gink, Katharina Visser, Arne Popma, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Lieke van Domburgh, Ber van der Stegen, Lucres M C Jansen
Staff members in residential care for youth are frequently confronted with aggressive behaviour, which has adverse effects on their stress levels and work satisfaction. This paper describes a qualitative evaluation to find out how staff members benefit from Non-violent Resistance (NVR), a method to create an aggression mitigating residential climate. Staff members were positive about NVR and reported feeling more relaxed. Most valued aspects of this method were the focus on being a team, delayed response and giving up the illusion of control...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784190/randomized-trial-comparing-open-radical-cystectomy-and-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-cystectomy-oncologic-outcomes
#16
Bernard H Bochner, Guido Dalbagni, Karim H Marzouk, Daniel D Sjoberg, Justin Lee, Sheri M Donat, Jonathan A Coleman, Andrew Vickers, Harry W Herr, Vincent P Laudone
BACKGROUND: Open radical cystectomy (ORC) has proven to be an important component in the treatment of high-risk bladder cancer (BCa). ORC surgical morbidity remains high; therefore, minimally invasive surgical techniques have been introduced in an attempt to improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare cancer outcomes in BCa patients managed with ORC or robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective, randomized trial was completed between 2010 and 2013...
May 18, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784036/long-versus-short-interval-follow-up-after-resection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Wei He, Yun Zheng, Ruhai Zou, Jingxian Shen, Junping Yang, Jiliang Qiu, Qiang Tao, Wenwu Liu, Zhiwen Yang, Yuanping Zhang, Binkui Li, Yunfei Yuan
BACKGROUND: Average postoperative follow-up intervals vary in patients undergoing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resection because of limited evidence regarding the optimal interval. We aimed to compare the associations of long-versus short-interval follow-up with survival and recurrence in risk-stratified HCC patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study between 2007 and 2014. In total, 1227 patients treated by curative resection of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage A or B HCC were stratified as having a low (n = 865) or high (n = 362) risk of early recurrence (within the first 2 years after resection) based on prognostic factors identified by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operation algorithm...
May 21, 2018: Cancer communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783974/pathways-to-prevention-protocol-for-the-cap-climate-and-preventure-study-to-evaluate-the-long-term-effectiveness-of-school-based-universal-selective-and-combined-alcohol-misuse-prevention-into-early-adulthood
#18
Nicola C Newton, Lexine Stapinski, Tim Slade, Katrina E Champion, Emma L Barrett, Catherine Chapman, Anna Smout, Siobhan Lawler, Marius Mather, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Patricia J Conrod, Maree Teesson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and associated harms are among the leading causes of burden of disease among young people, highlighting the need for effective prevention. The Climate and Preventure (CAP) study was the first trial of a combined universal and selective school-based approach to preventing alcohol misuse among adolescents. Initial results indicate that universal, selective and combined prevention were all effective in delaying the uptake of alcohol use and binge drinking for up to 3 years following the interventions...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783846/relationship-between-the-intention-behavior-gap-and-self-efficacy-for-physical-activity-during-childhood
#19
Tsunenori Isa, Yuya Ueda, Ryo Nakamura, Shogo Misu, Rei Ono
This study investigated the relationship of a gap between the intent to be physically active and actual participation in physical activity ('intention-behavior gap') and self-efficacy for physical activity during childhood. A self-report questionnaire was used to collect information from 946 children from the fourth and sixth grades in Japan on self-efficacy, intention, and physical activity. Children with an intention-behavior gap (high intent-low activity or low intent-high activity) had higher self-efficacy scores than those with low intent and low activity (27...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783792/utilization-and-effectiveness-of-harnesses-and-lifelines-in-grain-entrapment-incidents-preliminary-analysis
#20
Salah F Issa, Mahmoud M Nour, William E Field
No previous studies have been found that document the level of use or validate the effectiveness of safety harnesses and lifelines in the prevention of or extrication from grain entrapments or engulfments. This article addresses that void via analysis of the data contained in the Purdue Agricultural Confined Space Incident Database. A total of 1,147 cases involving entrapments or engulfments in grain masses were mined for terms that might indicate the use of a safety harness, lifeline, fall restraint system, rope, or outside observer...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
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