keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

EMT kidney

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775417/targeting-histone-methyltransferase-enhancer-of-zeste-homolog-2-inhibits-renal-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-attenuates-renal-fibrosis
#1
Xiaoxu Zhou, Chongxiang Xiong, Evelyn Tolbert, Ting C Zhao, George Bayliss, Shougang Zhuang
Enhancer of zeste homolog-2 (EZH2) is a methyltransferase that induces histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) and functions as an oncogenic factor in many cancer types. Its role in renal epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) remains unknown. In this study, we found that EZH2 and H3K27me3 were highly expressed in mouse kidney with unilateral ureteral obstruction and cultured mouse kidney proximal tubular (TKPT) cells undergoing EMT. Inhibition of EZH2 with 3-deazaneplanocin A (3-DZNeP) attenuated renal fibrosis, which was associated with preserving E-cadherin expression and inhibiting Vimentin up-regulation in the obstructed kidney...
May 18, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772238/tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-fascin1-expression-facilitates-the-migration-and-invasion-of-kidney-carcinoma-cells-through-erk-and-jnk-signaling-pathways
#2
Jianyu Yang, Naiwen Zhang, Ruxu Gao, Yuyan Zhu, Zhe Zhang, Xiaolong Xu, Jianfeng Wang, Zeliang Li, Xiankui Liu, Zhenhua Li, Jun Li, Jianbin Bi, Chuize Kong
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) plays a crucial role in the signaling network that controls cellular invasion and motility capability during tumor development. To investigate whether fascin1 plays a crucial role in TGF-β1-facilitated invasion and migration of kidney cancer cells (KCC), real-time PCR and western blotting were used to test the fascin1 expression after TGF-β1 treatment (10 ng/ml) in 769-P and OSRC cells. Fascin1 was silenced using the small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique. Cytoskeleton staining was used to test the change of Cytoskeleton...
May 14, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749985/hyperuricemia-induces-wnt5a-ror2-gene-expression-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-kidney-tubular-injury-in-mice
#3
Wiwit Ananda Wahyu Setyaningsih, Nur Arfian, Efrayim Suryadi, Muhammad Mansyur Romi, Untung Tranggono, Dwi Cahyani Ratna Sari
Background: Hyperuricemia contributes to kidney injury, characterized by tubular injury with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Wnt5a/Ror2 signaling drives EMT in many kidney pathologies. This study sought to evaluate the involvement of Wnt5a/Ror2 in hyperuricemia-induced EMT in kidney tubular injury. Methods: A hyperuricemia model was performed in male Swiss background mice (3 months old, 30-40 g) with daily intraperitoneal injections of 125 mg/kg body weight (BW) of uric acid...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723998/the-ebv-encoded-oncoprotein-lmp1-induces-an-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-emt-via-its-ctar1-domain-through-integrin-mediated-erk-mapk-signalling
#4
Mhairi A Morris, Louise Laverick, Wenbin Wei, Alexandra M Davis, Samantha O'Neill, Liam Wood, Jack Wright, Christopher W Dawson, Lawrence S Young
The Epstein⁻Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) oncogene can induce profound effects on epithelial growth and differentiation including many of the features of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). To better characterise these effects, we used the well-defined Madin Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) epithelial cell model and found that LMP1 expression in these cells induces EMT as defined by characteristic morphological changes accompanied by loss of E-cadherin, desmosomal cadherin and tight junction protein expression...
May 1, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719094/protective-effect-of-retinoic-acid-receptor-%C3%AE-on-hypoxia-induced-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-of-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-associated-with-tgf-%C3%AE-mmp-9-pathway
#5
Ling Gong, Ling Jiang, Yuanhan Qin, Xingbo Jiang, Kunling Song, Xueyun Yu
Retinoic acid receptor α (RARα), a member of family of the nuclear retinoic acid receptors (RARs), plays an essential role in various chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Renal tubular epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a common mechanism of progression of renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF). Hypoxia has been extensively considered as one of major inducers of renal tubular EMT. However, the effects of RARα on hypoxia-induced EMT have not yet been described so far. The aim of the present study was to explore the roles and potential mechanisms of RARα in hypoxia-induced EMT of renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs)...
May 2, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700419/the-correlation-between-the-immune-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-signatures-suggests-potential-therapeutic-targets-and-prognosis-prediction-approaches-in-kidney-cancer
#6
Jiayu Liang, Zhihong Liu, Zijun Zou, Yongquan Tang, Chuan Zhou, Jian Yang, Xin Wei, Yiping Lu
Both epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and immune regulation are important biological process in malignant tumours. The current research aims to comprehensively explore the potential association between the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signature and immune checkpoint signature and its role in predicting the prognosis of clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) patients. EMT-related genes were collected from an experiment-based study and then were investigated using data from the Cancer Genome Atlas...
April 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669060/plasticizer-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-induces-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-and-renal-fibrosis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#7
Cheng-Tien Wu, Ching-Chia Wang, Li-Chen Huang, Shing-Hwa Liu, Chih-Kang Chiang
Plasticizer di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is known as an endocrine disruptor and a peroxisome proliferator. A currently epidemiological study has suggested that daily high di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) intake from phthalate-tainted foods in children may be a risk factor for renal dysfunction. DEHP can leach from medical devices such as blood storage bags and the tubing. Long-term exposure to DEHP is associated with nephropathy and exacerbates chronic kidney diseases (CKD) progression. However, the detailed effects and molecular mechanisms remain unclear...
April 14, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655688/novel-ras-inhibitor-25-o-methylalisol-f-attenuates-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-and-tubulo-interstitial-fibrosis-by-selectively-inhibiting-tgf-%C3%AE-mediated-smad3-phosphorylation
#8
Hua Chen, Tian Yang, Min-Chang Wang, Dan-Qian Chen, Yang Yang, Ying-Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Tubulo-interstitial fibrosis (TIF) is the common pathway in the chronic kidney disease (CKD). Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a major contributor to the TIF by the increased myofibroblasts. Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is critical mediator on EMT in progressive CKD. Angiotensin II (ANG) mediates EMT and causes TIF by stimulating transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). RAS activation could further activate TGF-β1. Inhibition of the RAS is one of the most powerful therapies for progressive CKD...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627824/protective-effect-of-znt7-on-high-glucose-induced-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells
#9
Xiuli Zhang, Xu Lian, Dan Liang, Lianzhi Zhang, Shengquan Liu, Lina Yang, Zhi-Hong Chi, Harvest F Gu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Evidence from our and other groups has demonstrated that zinc transporter 7 in SLC30 family (ZnT7) inhibited epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and apoptosis in rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (RPMCs) under high glucose (HG) concentration. In the present study, we investigated the effect of ZnT7 on EMT of renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) in an in vitro model of diabetic nephropathy (DN). METHODS: A dual-fluorescent staining protocol was used for detection of ZnT7 in a normal rat kidney tubular epithelial cell line (NRK-52E cells)...
March 29, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620271/mir%C3%A2-152-regulates-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-1%C3%A2-induced-epithelial%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-by-targeting-hpip-in-tubular-epithelial-cells
#10
Ya-Xian Ning, Xiao-Yuan Wang, Jian-Qin Wang, Rong Zeng, Gou-Qin Wang
Renal fibrosis is a common pathological feature of chronic kidney diseases, and their development and progression are influenced by epigenetic modifications including aberrant microRNA (miRNA or miR) expression. miRNAs have been demonstrated to modulate the aggressiveness of various cancers and have emerged as possible therapeutic agents for the management of renal fibrosis. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF‑β1)‑induced epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tubular epithelial cells serves a role in the initiation and progression of renal fibrosis...
April 3, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576795/effects-of-qingshen-granules-on-the-oxidative-stress-nf-kb-signal-pathway-in-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction-rats
#11
Hua Jin, Yiping Wang, Dong Wang, Lei Zhang
Background . The activation of NF-kappa B (NF/kB) signaling pathway plays an important role in the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) in renal tubules. The process of oxidative stress reaction in kidney is via excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production to activate NF/kB signaling pathway. Qingshen Granule (QSG) is an effective Chinese formula utilized to treat chronic renal failure. Previous studies confirmed that QSG could inhibit RIF in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) rats...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568897/mir-29b-regulates-ang-ii-induced-emt-of-rat-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-via-targeting-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#12
Hongtao Hu, Shuang Hu, Shen Xu, Yue Gao, Fang Zeng, Hua Shui
Renal interstitial fibrosis is a necessary step in the progression of chronic kidney to end stage renal disease. MicroRNA-29 (miR-29) has been shown to play essential roles in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and thus may contribute to the regulation of renal interstitial fibrosis. However, the role of miR-29 in the regulation of EMT during chronic kidney disease and renal transplantation has been a source of intense debate, and the mechanisms underlying this process are incompletely understood. In this study, we investigated the function of miR-29b in the regulation of EMT and to gain a better understanding of the mechanism by which miR-29b modulates EMT by targeting the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) signaling pathway during the process of renal interstitial fibrosis...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530599/the-glucagon-like-peptide-1-glp-1-analog-liraglutide-attenuates-renal-fibrosis
#13
Ya-Kun Li, Dong-Xia Ma, Zhi-Min Wang, Xiao-Fan Hu, Shang-Lin Li, Hong-Zhe Tian, Meng-Jun Wang, Yan-Wen Shu, Jun Yang
Renal fibrosis is recognized as the common route of all chronic kidney disease (CKD) progressing to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Additionally, accumulating evidence suggests that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a significant role in the process of renal fibrogenesis. Liraglutide is a long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analog that has been widely used to treat type 2 diabetes. Recent studies have demonstrated that the GLP-1 analogs could also exert protective effects in cardiac fibrosis models...
May 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522906/daily-therapy-with-a-slow-releasing-h-2-s-donor-gyy4137-enables-early-functional-recovery-and-ameliorates-renal-injury-associated-with-urinary-obstruction
#14
Shouzhe Lin, Dameng Lian, Weihua Liu, Aaron Haig, Ian Lobb, Ahmed Hijazi, Hassan Razvi, Jeremy Burton, Matthew Whiteman, Alp Sener
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of slow-releasing H2 S donor GYY4137 on post-obstructive renal function and injury following unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) by using the UUO and reimplantation (UUO-R) model in rats and to elucidate potential mechanisms by using an in vitro model of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). METHODS: Male Lewis rats underwent UUO at the left ureterovesical junction. From post-operative day (POD) 1-13, rats received daily intraperitoneal (IP) injection of phosphate buffered saline (PBS, 1 mL) or GYY4137 (200 μmol/kg/day in 1 mL PBS, IP)...
June 1, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476431/renalase-contributes-to-protection-against-renal-fibrosis-via-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-in-rats
#15
Yiru Wu, Liyan Wang, Xiaoqi Wang, Yahui Wang, Qidong Zhang, Wenhu Liu
BACKGROUND: Renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) is a common pathway for progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to end-stage renal disease. In our previous study, it has been provided that renalase can ameliorate renal interstitial fibrosis in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) rats. The other mechanism of renalase to alleviate renal fibrosis should be explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the role of oxidative stress in UUO rats and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human proximal renal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells and examined the association of renalase...
February 23, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436600/adenovirus-mediated-p311-ameliorates-renal-fibrosis-through-inhibition-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-via-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad-ilk-pathway-in-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction-rats
#16
Fang-Hua Qi, Ping-Ping Cai, Xiang Liu, Guo-Min Si
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical step and key factor during renal fibrosis. Preventing renal tubular EMT is important for delaying the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). P311, a highly conserved 8-kDa intracellular protein, has been indicated as an important factor in myofibroblast transformation and in the progression of fibrosis. However, the related studies on P311 on renal fibrosis are limited and the mechanisms of P311 in the progression of renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis remain largely unknown...
May 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436579/long-noncoding-rna-ensrnog00000037522-is-involved-in-the-podocyte-epithelial%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-in-diabetic-rats
#17
Li Ling, Zhen Tan, Changning Zhang, Shuyan Gui, Yuanyuan Hu, Libo Chen
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common complications associated with type I and II diabetes mellitus. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in various physiological and pathological processes, and recent evidence has demonstrated that they are involved in the process of the epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT). In the present study, the potential functions of lncRNA ENSRNOG00000037522 during the EMT process in DN were investigated. The results identified that the level of the lncRNA ENSRNOG00000037522 was significantly increased in kidney tissues collected from rats with streptozocin (STZ)‑induced DN accompanied by impairment of the glomerular podocytes...
May 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393109/hyperuricemia-and-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-role-of-phenotype-transition-of-renal-tubular-and-endothelial-cells
#18
Duk-Hee Kang
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical implication of hyperuricemia in chronic kidney disease has been an issue of active debate, recent data suggested a causative role of uric acid (UA) in the development of renal disease. Afferent arteriopathy, an induction of oxidative stress and an activation of local inflammation, have been regarded as the mechanisms of UA-induced renal disease, which contribute to glomerular hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis via endothelial dysfunction. However, there have been rare studies on the direct effect of UA on phenotype transition of renal cells such as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) or endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT)...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341864/comparison-of-acute-kidney-injury-of-different-etiology-reveals-in-common-mechanisms-of-tissue-damage
#19
Michael Hultström, Mediha Becirovic-Agic, Sofia Jönsson
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome of reduced glomerular filtration rate and urine production caused by a number of different diseases. It is associated with renal tissue damage. This tissue damage can cause tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis that leads to nephron loss and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review describes the in-common mechanisms behind tissue damage in AKI caused by different underlying diseases. Comparing six high-quality microarray studies of renal gene expression after AKI in disease models (gram-negative sepsis, gram-positive sepsis, ischemia-reperfusion, malignant hypertension, rhabdomyolysis, and cisplatin toxicity) identified 5,254 differentially expressed genes in at least one of the AKI models; 66% of genes were found only in one model, showing that there are unique features to AKI depending on the underlying disease...
March 1, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337054/deficiency-of-primary-cilia-in-kidney-epithelial-cells-induces-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#20
Sang Jun Han, Jin Ki Jung, Seung-Soon Im, Seong-Ryong Lee, Byeong-Churl Jang, Kwon Moo Park, Jee In Kim
Primary cilium is a microtubule-based non-motile organelle that plays critical roles in kidney pathophysiology. Our previous studies revealed that the lengths of primary cilia decreased upon renal ischemia/reperfusion injury and oxidative stress, and restored with recovery. Here, we tested the hypothesis that lack of primary cilium causes epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of kidney tubule cells. We investigated the alteration of length of primary cilia in TGF-β-induced EMT via visualization of primary cilia by fluorescence staining against acetylated α-tubulin...
February 5, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
keyword
keyword
45230
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"