keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Radiation bowel disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920612/long-term-clinical-toxicity-of-radiation-therapy-in-prostate-cancer-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Matthew M Gestaut, Gregory P Swanson
AIM: The study's aim was to examine the clinical impact of radiation therapy (RT) on GI toxicity in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients. BACKGROUND: IBD has long been considered a risk factor for increased bowel toxicity from RT; however, minimal evidence exists on patients with prostate cancer (PC) and IBD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The tumor registry was queried for patients with IBD and PC from the years 1990-2013. A retrospective review was conducted for patients who received RT...
January 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920469/role-of-ultrasound-in-colorectal-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Renáta Bor, Anna Fábián, Zoltán Szepes
Ultrasound is an undervalued non-invasive examination in the diagnosis of colonic diseases. It has been replaced by the considerably more expensive magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography, despite the fact that, as first examination, it can usefully supplement the diagnostic process. Transabdominal ultrasound can provide quick information about bowel status and help in the choice of adequate further examinations and treatment. Ultrasonography, as a screening imaging modality in asymptomatic patients can identify several colonic diseases such as diverticulosis, inflammatory bowel disease or cancer...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895640/%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-as-immunomodulators-in-colorectal-cancer-new-potential-role-in-adjuvant-therapies
#3
REVIEW
Stefania Miccadei, Roberta Masella, Anna Maria Mileo, Sandra Gessani
Diet composition may affect the onset and progression of chronic degenerative diseases, including cancer, whose pathogenesis relies on inflammatory processes. Growing evidence indicates that diet and its components critically contribute to human health, affecting the immune system, secretion of adipokines, and metabolic pathways. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Antineoplastic drugs are widely used for CRC treatment, but drug resistance and/or off-target toxicity limit their efficacy...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856365/use-of-intestinal-ultrasound-to-monitor-crohn-s-disease-activity
#4
Torsten Kucharzik, Bianca M Wittig, Ulf Helwig, Norbert Börner, Alexander Rössler, Stefan Rath, Christian Maaser
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a multicenter study to determine whether transabdominal bowel wall ultrasonography, a non-invasive procedure that does not require radiation, can be used to monitor progression of Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: We performed a 12-month prospective, non-interventional study at 47 sites in Germany, from December 2010 through September 2014. Our study included 234 adult patients with CD who experienced a flare, defined as Harvey-Bradshaw index score of ≥7...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832710/radiation-exposure-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-the-years-2001-2011
#5
Hanna Englund, Katarina Lidén K, Torbjörn Lind, Torbjörn Sundström, Pontus Karling
OBJECTIVES: To compare cumulative ionizing radiation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) for the years 2001-2011. To study how radiation exposure change over time in patients with newly diagnosed IBD and factors associated with radiation exposure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All radiological investigations performed between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2011 were retrospectively recorded in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) (n = 103), ulcerative colitis (UC) (n = 304) and IBS (n = 149)...
November 10, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826994/diagnostic-efficacy-of-single-pass-abdominal-multidetector-row-ct-prospective-evaluation-of-a-low-dose-protocol
#6
Luigi Camera, Immacolata Liccardo, Federica Romano, Raffaele Liuzzi, Antonio Rispo, Massimo Imbriaco, Anna Testa, Gaetano Luglio, Simona De Fronzo, Fabiana Castiglione, Luigi Bucci, Arturo Brunetti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of single-pass contrast-enhanced multi-detector CT (CE-MDCT) performed with a low radiation-high contrast (LR-HC) dose protocol in selected patients with non traumatic acute bowel disease. METHODS: Sixty-five (32 M; 33 F; aged 20-67 years) consecutive patients with non traumatic acute bowel disease underwent single-pass CE-MDCT performed 70-100 sec after i.v. bolus injection of a non ionic iodinated contrast media (370 mgI/ml)...
November 9, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824535/update-on-the-management-of-intestinal-failure
#7
REVIEW
Shishira Bharadwaj, Parul Tandon, John M Rivas, Anne Furman, Lisa Moccia, Ashley Ratliff, Abdullah Shatnawei, Ezra Steiger, Donald F Kirby
Intestinal failure is a serious complication of conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, mesenteric ischemia, and radiation enteritis--and of extensive bowel resection performed because of these diseases. Imbalances of fluids and electrolytes and poor nutritional status manifest as chronic diarrhea or increased ostomy output. Prompt referral to a center specializing in intestinal rehabilitation is key to achieving nutritional homeostasis and, in some cases, can help the patient return to oral food intake...
November 2016: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816300/racial-variation-in-patient-reported-outcomes-following-treatment-for-localized-prostate-cancer-results-from-the-ceasar-study
#8
Mark D Tyson, JoAnn Alvarez, Tatsuki Koyama, Karen E Hoffman, Matthew J Resnick, Xiao-Cheng Wu, Matthew R Cooperberg, Michael Goodman, Sheldon Greenfield, Ann S Hamilton, Mia Hashibe, Lisa E Paddock, Antoinette Stroup, Vivien W Chen, David F Penson, Daniel A Barocas
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the relationship between race/ethnicity and patient-reported outcomes after contemporary treatments for localized prostate cancer. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that treatment-related changes in urinary, bowel, sexual, and hormonal function vary by race/ethnicity. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Comparative Effectiveness Analysis of Surgery and Radiation (CEASAR) study is a prospective, population-based, observational study that enrolled 3708 men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer in 2011-2012...
November 2, 2016: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768579/the-prevalence-of-ostomy-related-complications-1-year-after-ostomy-surgery-a-prospective-descriptive-clinical-study
#9
Eva Carlsson, Jeanette Fingren, Anne-Marie Hallén, Charlotta Petersén, Elisabet Lindholm
Despite advancements in the creation and care of stomas, ostomy and peristomal skin complications are common immediately following surgery as well as in the months and years thereafter. A prospective study to determine the prevalence of ostomy and peristomal skin complications and the influence of ostomy configuration on such complications was conducted 1 year after ostomy surgery among all patients at a university hospital in Sweden. All participants received regular (10 to 14 days post discharge, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year post surgery) ostomy follow-up care by a wound ostomy continence (WOC) nurse...
October 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742264/chemotherapy-tolerance-and-oncologic-outcomes-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-with-and-without-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
Jordan Axelrad, Anuja Kriplani, Umut Ozbek, Noam Harpaz, Jean-Frederic Colombel, Steven Itzkowitz, Randall F Holcombe, Celina Ang
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), comprising Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis, is a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC). Chemotherapy toxicity may exacerbate IBD symptoms and vice versa, but data are limited. We evaluated chemotherapy tolerance and oncologic outcomes in patients with CRC with and without IBD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients with CRC with and without IBD treated between 2008 and 2013 were reviewed. Where possible, patients were matched by age, sex, stage, and diagnosis year...
September 20, 2016: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714313/the-role-of-uvr-and-vitamin-d-on-t-cells-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Stephanie Bora, Margherita T Cantorna
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In experimental IBD the targets of vitamin D that result in protection from IBD include gut epithelial cells, innate immune cells, T cells, and the microbiota. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) induces production of vitamin D in the skin and suppresses T cell responses in the host. There is limited data demonstrating an effect of UVR on experimental IBD but the mechanisms of UVR suppression in IBD have not been defined. There are several shared effects of vitamin D and UVR on T cells including inhibition of proliferation and suppression of IFN-γ and IL-17 producing T cells...
September 8, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685108/simultaneously-integrated-boost-sib-spares-oar-and-reduces-treatment-time-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer
#12
Christine H Feng, Yasmin Hasan, Malgorzata Kopec, Hania A Al-Hallaq
We performed a dosimetric comparison of sequential IMRT (sIMRT) and simul-taneously integrated boost (SIB) IMRT to boost PET-avid lymph nodes while concurrently treating pelvic targets to determine the potential of SIB IMRT to reduce overall treatment duration in locally advanced cervical cancer. Ten patients receiving definitive radiation therapy were identified retrospectively. RTOG consensus guidelines were followed to delineate the clinical target volume and organs at risk (OAR), which were then expanded per IMRT consortium guidelines to yield the planning target volume (PTV)...
2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638929/annals-express-response-to-interferon-alpha-in-a-patient-with-an-advanced-small-bowel-neuroendocrine-tumour-monitored-using-circulating-neurokinin-a
#13
Joy Ardill, Brian T Johnston, David R McCance, Martin Eatock
A fifty two year old lady presented with a history of occasional, severe abdominal cramps, post-prandial diarrhoea and weight loss. After routine GI investigations she was diagnosed with IBS. Over six months she developed occasional facial flushing prompting assessment of neuroendocrine tumour markers. Urinary 5HIAA, 5HT, chromogranin A (CGA) and Neurokinin A (NKA) were significantly elevated. Scans showed extensive hepatic metastases but no location of a primary tumour.Somatostatin analogue therapy (SST) was commenced but despite increasing doses, symptoms increased and biomarkers rose dramatically...
September 16, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630775/clinical-effects-of-gamma-radiation-resistant-aspergillus-sydowii-on-germ-free-mice-immunologically-prone-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#14
Alexander Rodriguez-Palacios, Natalia Aladyshkina, Mauricio Retuerto, Christopher L Hager, Sanja Ilic, Mahmoud A Ghannoum, Fabio Cominelli
We report and investigated a case of inadvertent contamination of 125 mice (housed in two germ-free positive-pressurized isolators) with emerging human and coral pathogen Aspergillus sydowii. The infected mice correspond to genetic line SAMP1/YitFc, which have 100% immune predisposition to develop Crohn's disease-like spontaneous pathologies, namely, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Pathogen update based on a scoping review of the literature and our clinical observations and experimentation are discussed. The unwanted infection of germ-free mice (immunologically prone to suffer chronic inflammation) with human pathogen A...
2016: Journal of Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610750/enhancing-the-role-of-paediatric-ultrasound-with-microbubbles-a-review-of-intravenous-applications
#15
Vasileios Rafailidis, Annamaria Deganello, Tom Watson, Paul S Sidhu, Maria E Sellars
Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) represents a complementary technique to grey-scale and colour Doppler ultrasonography (US) which allows for real-time visualization and characterization of tissue perfusion. Its inherent advantages in the child makes US an ideal imaging modality; repeatability and good tolerance along with the avoidance of computed tomography (CT), a source of ionizing radiation, renders US imaging desirable. Although currently paediatric CEUS is principally used in an "off-label" manner, US contrast agents have received regulatory approval for assessment of paediatric focal liver lesions in the United States of America...
September 9, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578908/evaluation-of-radiation-exposure-dose-at-double-balloon-endoscopy-for-the-patients-with-small-bowel-disease
#16
Asuka Nagura, Masanao Nakamura, Osamu Watanabe, Takeshi Yamamura, Kohei Funasaka, Eizaburo Ohno, Ryoji Miyahara, Hiroki Kawashima, Shuji Koyama, Tomoki Hinami, Hidemi Goto, Yoshiki Hirooka
UNLABELLED: Double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) is useful for the diagnosis and treatment of small bowel diseases. Although fluoroscopy is used to confirm the position of endoscope at DBE, the endoscopist does not have the knowledge with regard to the radiation exposure dose. In this study, we evaluated the absorbed dose during DBE in patients with suspected or established small bowel diseases. This was a retrospective study in which the estimated fluoroscopic radiation absorbed doses loaded on the small bowel and skin were determined according to the data of the referential X-ray experiment with a human body phantom...
August 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573526/the-disinfect-initiative-decreasing-the-incidence-of-surgical-infections-in-gynecologic-oncology
#17
Jolyn S Taylor, Claire A Marten, Mark F Munsell, Charlotte C Sun, Kimberly A Potts, Jennifer K Burzawa, Alpa M Nick, Larissa A Meyer, Keith Myers, Diane C Bodurka, Thomas A Aloia, Charles F Levenback, David R Lairson, Kathleen M Schmeler
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) lead to increased patient morbidity and healthcare costs. Our objective was to decrease the SSI rate following gynecologic surgery. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing abdominal surgery for gynecologic malignancy or benign disease received the following: patient education; preoperative antibacterial soap; appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis; change of gloves and use of clean instruments at surgical closure; surgical dressing for 48 h; and a post-discharge phone call...
August 29, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551337/current-tecniques-and-new-perpectives-research-of-magnetic-resonance-enterography-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Gabriele Masselli, Ilaria Mastroiacovo, Emidio De Marco, Giulia Francione, Emanuele Casciani, Elisabetta Polettini, Gianfranco Gualdi
Crohn's disease affects more than 500000 individuals in the United States, and about 25% of cases are diagnosed during the pediatric period. Imaging of the bowel has undergone dramatic changes in the past two decades. The endoscopy with biopsy is generally considered the diagnostic reference standard, this combination can evaluates only the mucosa, not inflammation or fibrosis in the mucosa. Actually, the only modalities that can visualize submucosal tissues throughout the small bowel are the computed tomography (CT) enterography (CTE) with the magnetic resonance enterography (MRE)...
July 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500321/current-diagnosis-and-management-of-pelvic-fistulae-in-women
#19
Rebecca G Rogers, Peter C Jeppson
Pelvic fistulae are an abnormal communication among the genitourinary tract, the gastrointestinal tract, and the vagina or perineum. Genital tract fistulae have been described in the medical literature for the past several thousand years. Advancements in both the diagnosis and treatment of vaginal fistulae have been obtained over the past century as surgical interventions have become safer and surgical techniques have improved. The most common cause of fistulae worldwide is obstructed labor. In developed countries, fistulae most commonly occur after benign gynecologic surgery, but obstructed labor, malignancy, radiation exposure, and inflammatory bowel disease can also cause fistulae...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495028/small-intestine-contrast-ultrasonography-for-the-detection-and-assessment-of-crohn-disease-a-meta-analysis
#20
Chenjing Zhu, Xuelei Ma, Luqi Xue, Jing Xu, Qingfang Li, Yun Wang, Jing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Crohn disease (CD) is a chronic relapsing disease. Imaging modalities are essential for the diagnosis and assessment of CD. Small intestine contrast ultrasonography (SICUS) is a well-tolerated, noninvasive and radiation-free modality and has shown potential in CD assessment. We aimed at evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of SICUS in the detection and assessment of small-bowel lesions and complications in CD. METHODS: We searched PubMed database for relevant studies published before April 24, 2016...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
45200
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"