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Pilon fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679256/biomechanical-features-of-six-design-of-the-delta-external-fixator-for-treating-pilon-fracture-a-finite-element-study
#1
Muhammad Hanif Ramlee, Mohd Ayub Sulong, Evelyn Garcia-Nieto, Daniel Angure Penaranda, Antonio Ros Felip, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir
Pilon fractures can be caused by high-energy vertical forces which may result in long-term patient immobilization. Many experts in orthopedic surgery recommend the use of a Delta external fixator for type III Pilon fracture treatment. This device can promote immediate healing of fractured bone, minimizing the rate of complications as well as allowing early mobilization. The characteristics of different types of the Delta frame have not been demonstrated yet. By using the finite element method, this study was conducted to determine the biomechanical characteristics of six different configurations (Model 1 until Model 6)...
April 21, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581985/the-feasibility-of-3d-printing-technology-on-the-treatment-of-pilon-fracture-and-its-effect-on-doctor-patient-communication
#2
Wenhao Zheng, Chunhui Chen, Chuanxu Zhang, Zhenyu Tao, Leyi Cai
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the three-dimensional (3D) printing technology in the treatment of Pilon fractures. Methods: 100 patients with Pilon fractures from March 2013 to December 2016 were enrolled in our study. They were divided randomly into 3D printing group ( n = 50) and conventional group ( n = 50). The 3D models were used to simulate the surgery and carry out the surgery according to plan in 3D printing group...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359596/treatment-of-ao-ota-type-c-pilon-fractures-through-the-anterolateral-approach-combined-with-the-medial-mipo-technique
#3
Gi Beom Kim, Oog-Jin Shon, Chul Hyun Park
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of the treatment of AO/OTA type C pilon fracture via the anterolateral approach using a low-profile plate combined with medial minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 ankles with AO/OTA type C pilon fractures that were treated using the anterolateral approach combined with medial MIPO. Mean age was 46 years (range, 19 to 75), and the mean follow-up period was 25 months (range, 14 to 50)...
April 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305233/anterolateral-distal-tibia-locking-plate-osteosynthesis-and-their-ability-to-capture-otac3-pilon-fragments
#4
Arun Aneja, T David Luo, Boshen Liu, Molina Domingo, Kerry Danelson, Jason J Halvorson, Eben A Carroll
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular Pilon fractures remain therapeutically challenging due to osteochondral fracturing and comminution, marginal impaction, and insult to the soft tissue envelope. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of anterolateral distal tibial locking plates in capturing main fracture fragments in tibial plafond fractures. METHODS: From May 2011 to Dec 2015, 169 OTA C-type pilon fractures met inclusion and exclusion criteria with computed tomographic (CT) scans performed prior to definitive fixation...
February 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244687/pilon-fractures-of-the-base-of-the-proximal-phalanx-direct-intraosseous-joint-reduction-with-bone-grafting-and-mini-screws-a-case-report
#5
Iva Neshkova, Rainer H Meffert
CASE: A 31-year-old woman sustained a closed pilon fracture of the base of the second proximal phalanx. Computed tomography showed comminution, central depression, and splaying of the articular surface. We used a method of direct intraosseous joint reduction in combination with bone-grafting and mini-screws to treat the fracture. For reduction, a golf-club-shaped instrument was inserted into the medullary cavity through a drill-hole in the phalanx. CONCLUSION: The advantage of this technique is that it leaves the joint capsular complex and the extensor hood intact...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238178/clinical-application-of-arthroscopy-assisted-minimally-invasive-therapy-in-chinese-elderly-with-type-iii-pilon-fracture
#6
Peiming Liu, Yong Guo, Ying Wen, Wei Wang
Objective: Pilon fracture is so complex that its therapy poses a great challenge to surgeons. Few studies have compared arthroscopy-assisted minimally invasive therapy and external fixation combined with limited internal fixation (EFLIF), and an optimal choice of surgical therapy remains unclear in patients with type III Pilon fracture. Moreover, to our knowledge, very few studies have specifically evaluated arthroscopy-assisted minimally invasive therapy in Chinese elderly with type III Pilon fracture...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158645/evaluation-of-functional-outcome-of-pilon-fractures-managed-with-limited-internal-fixation-and-external-fixation-a-prospective-clinical-study
#7
Umesh Kumar Meena, Mahesh Chand Bansal, Prateek Behera, Rahul Upadhyay, Gyan Chand Gothwal
Introduction: The management of pilon fractures is controversial primarily due to the high rate of complications irrespective of the mode of treatment. Limited internal fixation with external fixation is associated with minimal soft tissue handling. This may reduce the chances of wound dehiscence and infection. This study was designed to evaluate the functional and clinical outcomes in patients treated with limited internal fixation combined with external fixation in pilon fractures. Material and methods: This study was conducted as a prospective clinical study on 56 skeletally mature patients with closed fractures with poor skin condition, and with open grade 1 and grade 2 distal tibial intra-articular fractures...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158644/injury-mechanism-fracture-characteristics-and-clinical-treatment-of-pilon-fracture-with-intact-fibula-a-retrospective-study-of-23-pilon-fractures
#8
Jiang Liangjun, Zheng Qiang, Li Hang, Pan Zhijun
Objective: The effect of intact fibula on pilon fracture is not completely elucidated. We retrospectively analysed pilon fractures with intact fibula at our hospital over a 4 year period to understand the injury mechanism, fracture characteristics, treatment strategy and prognosis of this fracture. Methods: Pilon fracture patients with intact fibula treated in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2014 were observed. OA/ATO fracture type, Ruedi-Allgower classification and fracture characteristics were summarised...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126042/successful-treatment-of-infected-wound-dehiscence-after-minimally-invasive-locking-plate-osteosynthesis-of-tibial-pilon-and-calcaneal-fractures-by-plate-preservation-surgical-debridement-and-antibiotics
#9
Giandavide Ieropoli, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Silvia Chiara Zompi, Umberto Morozzo, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Pedro Berjano
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to present a case series that illustrates possible benefits from combining minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), plastic surgery and antibiotic therapy, in order to treat and eradicate infection in patients with tibial pilon or calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients with dehiscence of the surgical wound in outcomes MIPO using a Locking Compression Plate (LCP) for tibial pilon, or calcaneus fractures. The patients had developed a documented infection of the surgical wound...
December 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079366/quality-of-fracture-reduction-assessed-by-radiological-parameters-and-its-influence-on-functional-results-in-patients-with-pilon-fractures-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#10
Christoph Sommer, Sean E Nork, Matthew Graves, Michael Blauth, Mark Rudin, Karl Stoffel
INTRODUCTION: The management of pilon fractures remains a challenging issue. Due to the complexity of factors that influence the outcome, it has been questioned if anatomical reductions of articular fracture are relevant. The lack of a commonly accepted assessment of quality of fracture reduction compounded the uncertainty of the importance of anatomical reduction in pilon fracture. The current study aimed to define parameters that can better assess the reduction quality and to investigate the influence of reduction quality on functional outcomes...
December 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065036/is-it-safe-to-prep-the-external-fixator-in-situ-during-second-stage-pilon-surgical-treatment
#11
Paul J Nielsen, Leonid S Grossman, Justin C Siebler, Elizabeth R Lyden, Lori K Reed, Matthew A Mormino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the infection rate of our protocol of prepping the external fixator in situ during definitive second stage pilon fracture open reduction internal fixation. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical investigation. SETTING: Academic Level 1 Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Out of 229 patients with distal tibia fractures presenting to our institution from 1999-2014, 100 were treated in a two-stage fashion utilizing this protocol...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062214/analysis-of-the-variables-affecting-outcome-in-fractures-of-the-tibial-pilon-treated-by-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#12
Rafael Carbonell-Escobar, Juan C Rubio-Suarez, Aitor Ibarzabal-Gil, E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
OBJECTIVE: To assess variables that could be related to outcomes in fractures of the tibial pilon treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENTS: A total 92 fractures of the tibial pilon treated by ORIF in a 5-year period. The minimum follow-up was 1 year (mean: 3.3 years; range: 1-5). INTERVENTION: ORIF with LCP-LISS plate...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058951/stability-of-the-syndesmosis-after-posterior-malleolar-fracture-fixation
#13
Matthew A Miller, Tyler C McDonald, Matthew L Graves, Clay A Spitler, George V Russell, LaRita C Jones, William Replogle, Jeremy A Wise, Josie Hydrick, Patrick F Bergin
BACKGROUND: We sought to define the rate of syndesmotic instability after anatomic reduction of the posterior malleolus when posterior stabilization of a trimalleolar or trimalleolar equivalent ankle fracture was chosen vs when a supine position and initially conservative management of the posterior elements was chosen. METHODS: The types of syndesmotic and posterior malleolar fixation used to treat adult patients with ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus at our level I trauma center were retrospectively assessed (N = 198)...
January 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988807/increased-risk-for-complications-following-removal-of-hardware-in-patients-with-liver-disease-pilon-or-pelvic-fractures-a-regression-analysis
#14
Bryan D Brown, Justin N Steinert, John W Stelzer, Richard S Yoon, Joshua R Langford, Kenneth J Koval
PURPOSE: Indications for removing orthopedic hardware on an elective basis varies widely. Although viewed as a relatively benign procedure, there is a lack of data regarding overall complication rates after fracture fixation. The purpose of this study is to determine the overall short-term complication rate for elective removal of orthopedic hardware after fracture fixation and to identify associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients indicated for elective hardware removal after fracture fixation between July 2012 and July 2016 were screened for inclusion...
December 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986074/finite-element-analysis-of-the-stability-of-ao-ota-43-c1-type-distal-tibial-fractures-treated-with-distal-tibia-medial-anatomic-plate-versus-anterolateral-anatomic-plate
#15
O Fuad Oken, A Ozgur Yildirim, Mehmet Asilturk
BACKGROUND: The treatment of a pilon fracture type is possible from a medial, an anterolateral approach or both medial and lateral. The aim of study was compare the stability of two different plate fixation of a tibia pilon AO-43C1 type fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, three-dimensional finite element stress analysis was applied using isotropic materials and static linear analysis. Loading of 400 N force was applied to the model of a patient fixed in a standing position...
October 3, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954524/impact-of-computed-tomography-on-operative-planning-for-ankle-fractures-involving-the-posterior-malleolus
#16
Steven Donohoe, R Kiran Alluri, J Ryan Hill, Mark Fleming, Eric Tan, Geoffrey Marecek
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to (1) Determine the effect of computed tomography (CT) on identification of fractures involving the posterior malleolus, (2) determine its effect on operative indications, and (3) determine its effect on the overall operative plan. METHODS: Patients with ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus were identified. Only injuries with complete preoperative plain radiographs and a CT scan were included. Spiral tibia fractures and pilon variants were excluded...
December 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904724/treatment-of-high-energy-pilon-fractures-using-the-ilizarov-treatment
#17
Walid Osman, Zeineb Alaya, Hamdi Kaziz, Lassad Hassini, Meriem Braiki, Nader Naouar, Mohamed Laaziz Ben Ayeche
The management of high-energy pilon fractures is still controversial. Open reduction and internal fixation are often associated with serious complications. Various methods have been used to treat these injuries, with variable results. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the clinical and radiographic outcome of the ILIZAROV technique in patients with high-energy pilon fractures. Thirty cases of distal tibia epiphysis fractures (pilon fractures) were managed from 1999 to 2012. The study group included 5 cases of open fractures...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826785/an-incidental-finding-of-a-talonavicular-and-talocalcaneal-joint-coalition-after-a-tibial-pilon-fracture-a-case-report
#18
Heidi M Godoy, Mark J Micciche
It has been proposed that patients with talocalcaneal and talonavicular coalitions have decreased ankle joint range of motion. It has also been reported that rotational forces regularly absorbed by the talocalcaneal joint are transferred to the ankle joint in patients with coalitions, increasing the stress on the ankle joint after trauma. To the best of our knowledge, only 1 reported study has detailed the increased stress placed on the ankle joint secondary to a coalition. We present a case study of a 53-year-old female who experienced a traumatic fall and subsequent right ankle fracture...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798982/-pilon-fractures
#19
EDITORIAL
R Gaulke, T Mittlmeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774706/pilon-fractures-a-new-classification-system-based-on-ct-scan
#20
Danilo Leonetti, Domenico Tigani
Actually, pilon fractures are classified according to AO and Ruedi Allgower classification systems based on X-rays. These classifications are less reproducible and do not provide necessary information for proper surgical planning. Aim of the study is to (1) propose a new classification system based on CT scan; (2) to check the prognostic value of this classification and (3) to evaluate its reliability and (4) reproducibility. We retrospectively reviewed 71 cases of pilon fracture. All fractures were classified according to AO, Ruedi Allgower and new proposed classification system by 5 surgeons...
October 2017: Injury
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