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Appropriate echocardiography

Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Hamza A Rayes, Ankit Sakhuja, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Jeffrey B Geske, Jacob C Jentzer
The data on speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) in patients with sepsis are limited. This systematic review from 1975 to 2016 included studies in adults and children evaluating cardiovascular dysfunction in sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock utilizing STE for systolic global longitudinal strain (GLS). The primary outcome was short- or long-term mortality. Given the significant methodological and statistical differences between published studies, combining the data using meta-analysis methods was not appropriate...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Susanne Korff, Patricia Enders-Gier, Lorenz Uhlmann, Matthias Aurich, Sebastian Greiner, Kristof Hirschberg, Hugo A Katus, Derliz Mereles
Pulmonary hypertension is a marker of disease severity. Exercise Doppler echocardiography (EDE) has proven to be feasible and reliable to assess pulmonary pressure. Increase in systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) has diagnostic and prognostic value in controlled studies. However, its value when assessed during routine examination in patients with cardiopulmonary diseases and resting sPAP > 35 mmHg is not clearly defined. Clinical documentation and offline reevaluation of digitally stored EDE examinations of patients with appropriate clinical indications for EDE were analyzed...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Hou Tee Lu, Gunasekaran Ramsamy, Chuey Yan Lee, Syed Rasul G Syed Hamid, Foong Kee Kan, Rusli Bin Nordin
BACKGROUND Melioidosis is a rare tropical bacterial infection caused by the Gram-negative soil saprophyte, Burkholderia pseudomallei. Melioidosis can mimic a variety of diseases due to its varied presentation, and unless it is treated rapidly, it can be fatal.  A rare case of melioidosis, with pericarditis and pericardial effusion, is described, which demonstrates the value of early diagnosis with echocardiography and pericardiocentesis. CASE REPORT A 38-year-old native (Iban) East Malaysian man presented with shortness of breath and tachycardia...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
François Godart, Ali Houeijeh, Olivia Domanski, Marie-Paule Guillaume, Mélanie Brard, Hugues Lucron
AIM: To describe our initial experience with the Occlutech Duct Occluder (ODO) for percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). METHODS: Retrospective review of patients undergoing transcatheter PDA closure with the ODO in 2 academic centers. RESULTS: From April 2013 to September 2017, 42 patients underwent PDA closure. Median age at implantation was 34 months (range 4 months-68 years) and median weight was 12 kg (range 4...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Frantisek Nehaj, Juraj Sokol, Michal Mokan, Veronika Jankovicova, Frantisek Kovar, Marianna Kubaskova, Stanislav Mizera, Marian Mokan
The patient database at the First Department of Internal Medicine in Martin, the Central Slovak Institute for Cardiac and Vascular Diseases in Banska Bystrica, and the National Slovak Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases in Bratislava was searched to identify patients with benign tumors of the heart seen during the 5-year period between 2011 and 2016. Forty-one patients with primary cardiac myxomas were identified and their medical records were reviewed for details pertaining to presenting symptoms, staging modalities, treatment approaches, and outcomes...
2018: BioMed Research International
Michael Papadakis, Efstathios Papatheodorou, Greg Mellor, Hariharan Raju, Rachel Bastiaenen, Yanushi Wijeyeratne, Sara Wasim, Bode Ensam, Gherardo Finocchiaro, Belinda Gray, Aneil Malhotra, Andrew D'Silva, Nina Edwards, Della Cole, Virginia Attard, Velislav N Batchvarov, Maria Tome-Esteban, Tessa Homfray, Mary N Sheppard, Sanjay Sharma, Elijah R Behr
BACKGROUND: Familial evaluation after a sudden death with negative autopsy (sudden arrhythmic death syndrome; SADS) may identify relatives at risk of fatal arrhythmias. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the impact of systematic ajmaline provocation testing using high right precordial leads (RPLs) on the diagnostic yield of Brugada syndrome (BrS) in a large cohort of SADS families. METHODS: Three hundred three SADS families (911 relatives) underwent evaluation with resting electrocardiogram using conventional and high RPLs, echocardiography, exercise, and 24-h electrocardiogram monitor...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Ugur Kaya, Abdurrahim Colak, Necip Becit, Munacettin Ceviz, Hikmet Kocak
Objective: In the present study, we aimed to retrospectively investigate the early and late results of different surgical treatment techniques applied in different age groups with coarctation of the aorta (CoA). Materials and Methods: Between January 2007 and February 2017, 26 patients (12 males, 14 females; mean age: 12.2±12.4 years; range: 29 days-34 years) who underwent surgery with the diagnosis of CoA were evaluated. Overall, 11 of these patients (42.3%) were in the infantile period, whereas 15 patients (57...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Ester Meles, Caterina De Carlini, Gaetano Gentile, Alberto Roghi, Stefano Maggiolini
We report the case of a 56-year-old man showing numerous cardiovascular manifestations of Listeria infection (myo-pericarditis, coronary vasospasm, intracavitary vegetations/thrombus, sinoatrial blocks). Cardiac magnetic resonance and echocardiography images provided an unexpected picture of this infection, and were relevant for the appropriate clinical management. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography were useful for assessing the presence of an endocavitary mass. Tissue characterization by cardiac magnetic resonance confirmed the presence of a thrombus and revealed signs of active inflammation in the myocardial wall, pericardium and vascular pedicle...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Georgia Brown, Tilman Humpl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) complicates the course of many cardiovascular, pulmonary and other systemic diseases in children. The physiological sequelae (pulmonary hypertension and elevated pulmonary vascular resistance) can overwhelm the right ventricle and lead to circulatory collapse. Despite the common end-point, the preceding pathophysiology is complex and variable and requires a tailored approach to diagnosis and management. In this article, we will review the most recent evidence and explore an approach to current controversies in the diagnosis and management of common or challenging patient subgroups...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Hari Rajagopal, Santosh C Uppu, Justin Weigand, Simon Lee, Ruchika Karnik, Helen Ko, Puneet Bhatla, James Nielsen, John Doucette, Ira Parness, Shubhika Srivastava
Right atrial (RA) size is a prognostic indicator for heart failure and cardiovascular death in adults. Data regarding use of RA area (RAA) by two-dimensional echocardiography as a surrogate for RA size and allometric modeling to define appropriate indexing of the RAA are lacking. Our objective was to validate RAA as a reliable measure of RA size and to define normal reference values by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in a large population of healthy children and develop Z-scores using a validated allometric model for indexing RAA independent of age, sex, and body size...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Witold Streb, Katarzyna Mitręga, Tomasz Podolecki, Magdalena Szymała, Anna Leopold-Jadczyk, Tomasz Kukulski, Zbigniew Kalarus
BACKGROUND: Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D TEE) enables better visualization of the left atrial appendage (LAA) and may be superior to real-time two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT2D TEE) for LAA occlusion (LAAO). The aim of this study was to assess inter- and intra-observer variability of RT2D TEE and RT3D TEE measurements of LAA, and to assess the accordance of RT2D TEE and RT3D TEE with appropriate occluder selection. METHODS: Transesophageal echocardiography was performed in 40 patients during LAAO...
March 7, 2018: Cardiology Journal
Rominder Grover, Mickael Ohana, Chesnal Dey Arepalli, Stephanie L Sellers, John Mooney, Shaw-Hua Kueh, Ung Kim, Philipp Blanke, Jonathon A Leipsic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advancements in transcatheter valvular interventions have resulted in a growing demand for advanced cardiac imaging to help guide these procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Both echocardiography and multi-detector computed tomography have played essential roles in the maturation of transcatheter aortic valve replacement and are now building on these experiences and helping inform the nascent field of transcatheter mitral interventions. Advanced imaging is essential to aid in the diagnosis and determination of the mechanism of mitral regurgitation...
March 6, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
Wui K Chong, Virginie Papadopoulou, Paul A Dayton
Microbubble ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) were recently approved by the Food and Drug administration for non-cardiac imaging. The physical principles of UCAs, methods of administration, dosage, adverse effects, and imaging techniques both current and future are described. UCAs consist of microbubbles in suspension which strongly interact with the ultrasound beam and are readily detectable by ultrasound imaging systems. They are confined to the blood pool when administered intravenously, unlike iodinated and gadolinium contrast agents...
March 5, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Natasha E Holmes, J Owen Robinson, Sebastiaan J van Hal, Wendy J Munckhof, Eugene Athan, Tony M Korman, Allen C Cheng, John D Turnidge, Paul D R Johnson, Benjamin P Howden
BACKGROUND: Various studies have identified numerous factors associated with poor clinical outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB). A new study was created to provide deeper insight into in-hospital complications and risk factors for treatment failure. METHODS: Adult patients hospitalised with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) were recruited prospectively into a multi-centre cohort. The primary outcome was treatment failure at 30 days (composite of all-cause mortality, persistent bacteraemia, or recurrent bacteraemia), and secondary measures included in-hospital complications and mortality at 6- and 12-months...
March 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Saima Bibi, Syed Yasir Hussain Gilani, Shawana Bibi
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease is a significant problem world over especially in neonates. Early diagnosis and prompt interventions in neonatal period precludes the mortality associated with this disorder. The objective of this study was to highlight the diversity of congenital cardiac defects in our region so that appropriate interventions are devised to minimize significant morbidity and mortality associated with this disorder. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Neonatology Unit of Department of Paediatrics, Ayub Teaching Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Gianluca Di Bella, Fausto Pizzino, Rocco Donato, Dalia Di Nunzio, Cesare de Gregorio
Cardiomyopathies (Cs) are a heterogeneous group of myocardial diseases with structural and/or functional abnormalities.The aetiology is due to genetic-family substrate in most cases, however, the correct and detailed analysis of morphofunctional abnormalities (severity and distribution of hypertrophy, ventricular dilatation, ventricular dysfunction) and tissue characteristics (myocardial fibrosis, myocardial infiltration) are a crucial element for a definite diagnosis.Among the different diagnostic imaging modalities applied in clinical practice (echocardiography, nuclear medicine), cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a non-invasive diagnostic tool having high ability to quantify systolic function and tissue abnormalities that represent the substrates of many Cs...
March 2, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Marie-Philippe Vergé, Hubert Cochet, Amélie Reynaud, Lucas Morlon, Jérôme Peyrou, Cécile Vincent, Caroline Rooryck, Philippe Ritter, Stéphane Lafitte, Patricia Réant
To evaluate the severity of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) according to global, regional, and multi-layer longitudinal strain (LS) analysis using speckle-tracking echocardiography. From February 2007 to November 2014, we prospectively evaluated 375 consecutive HCM patients referred to our specialized cardiomyopathy center. Demographics, clinical, and rest and exercise echocardiographic parameters were collected according to a completely standardized protocol. Global, regional, and multilayer strain analyses were performed...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Julien Magne, Francesco Lo Iudice, Eustachio Agricola, Leyla Elif Sade, Matteo Cameli, Ehud Schwammenthal, Nuno Cardim, Bernard Cosyns, Andreas Hagendorff, Alexandar N Neskovic, Josè Luis Zamorano, Patrizio Lancellotti, Gilbert Habib, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for management of atrial fibrillation (AF) recommend the use of CHA2DS2VASc risk score for assessment of thromboembolic (TE) risk, whereas the stratification of bleeding risk should be obtained by HAS-Bleed to balance the most appropriate anticoagulation (OAC) therapy. However, men with CHA2DS2VASc score = 1 and women with CHA2DS2VASc = 2, who are at intermediate TE risk, represent a grey zone where guidelines do not provide a definite OAC indication...
March 1, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Richard Lee, David Carr
Cardiac emergencies in pregnancy and the postpartum period are rare but often life-threatening. An emergency physician's differential diagnosis for chest pain in the peripartum patient often includes serious etiologies such as pulmonary embolism or myocardial infarction (MI). A lesser-known but important consideration on the differential for MI is that of a spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD). SCAD is defined as an intramural hematoma within the coronary artery that compresses the true lumen. Expansion by increased pressures may lead to subsequent myocardial ischemia and infarction...
February 22, 2018: CJEM
Christoffer Stark, Pekka Taimen, Timo Savunen, Juha Koskenvuo
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to determine the impact of different doses of a pegylated and liposomal formulation of the cardiotoxic drug doxorubicin on cardiac function, fibrosis and survival in mice. The drug causes myocardial damage by producing reactive oxygen species, mitochondrial damage and lipid peroxidation. Thymosin beta 4 is a peptide with cardioprotective, anti-oxidant and anti-fibrotic properties and we further investigated whether the peptide could attenuate this drug-induced injury by measuring cardiac function and fibrosis...
February 21, 2018: BMC Research Notes
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