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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245722/-i-jelinekius-i-i-prisniyi-i-sp-nov-new-species-of-genus-i-jelinekius-i-majer-1990-coleoptera-dasytidae-rhadalinae-from-tajikistan
#1
Yakov N Kovalenko
The genus Jelinekius Majer, 1990, previously known only from Iran, is reported from Tajikistan for the first time. A new species, J. prisniyi sp. nov., is described as new to science.
October 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233193/bovine-leptospirosis-in-urban-and-peri-urban-dairy-farming-in-low-income-countries-a-one-health-issue
#2
Elisabeth Lindahl Rajala, Nosirjon Sattorov, Sofia Boqvist, Ulf Magnusson
Global trends in urbanization are increasing the spread of neglected zoonotic infections such as leptospirosis, and reducing the number of human cases of leptospirosis is best accomplished by controlling the infection in the animal reservoir. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo and L. interrogans serovar Hardjo (L. Hardjo) exposure and to assess the associated risk factors for infection in small-scale dairy farming in the urban and peri-urban area of Dushanbe, Tajikistan...
December 12, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226959/larvivorous-fish-for-preventing-malaria-transmission
#3
REVIEW
Deirdre P Walshe, Paul Garner, Ahmed A Adeel, Graham H Pyke, Thomas R Burkot
BACKGROUND: Adult female Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. Some fish species eat mosquito larvae and pupae. In disease control policy documents, the World Health Organization (WHO) includes biological control of malaria vectors by stocking ponds, rivers, and water collections near where people live with larvivorous fish to reduce Plasmodium parasite transmission. In the past, the Global Fund has financed larvivorous fish programmes in some countries, and, with increasing efforts in eradication of malaria, policymakers may return to this option...
December 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220335/features-of-pharmaceutical-compounding-in-the-republic-of-tajikistan
#4
D S Alfred-Ugbenbo, A H Valiev, O A Zdoryk, V A Georgiyants
Despite the deep assortment of finished pharmaceutical products and the reduction in the number of compounding and hospital pharmacies in the Republic of Tajikistan, the need for extemporal medicinal products is still preserved and remains relevant. This article discusses the practice of compounding in the Republic of Tajikistan. History, laws, limits, regulatory institutions, protocols for compounding pharmacy set up, challenges, equipment, extemporaneous formulations, quality control, and storage within regulatory framework are discussed...
November 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159323/summer-and-winter-habitat-suitability-of-marco-polo-argali-in-southeastern-tajikistan-a-modeling-approach
#5
Eric Ariel L Salas, Raul Valdez, Stefan Michel
We modeled summer and winter habitat suitability of Marco Polo argali in the Pamir Mountains in southeastern Tajikistan using these statistical algorithms: Generalized Linear Model, Random Forest, Boosted Regression Tree, Maxent, and Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines. Using sheep occurrence data collected from 2009 to 2015 and a set of selected habitat predictors, we produced summer and winter habitat suitability maps and determined the important habitat suitability predictors for both seasons. Our results demonstrated that argali selected proximity to riparian areas and greenness as the two most relevant variables for summer, and the degree of slope (gentler slopes between 0° to 20°) and Landsat temperature band for winter...
November 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136519/monitoring-of-uranium-concentrations-in-water-samples-collected-near-potentially-hazardous-objects-in-north-west-tajikistan
#6
P Zoriy, M Schläger, K Murtazaev, J Pillath, M Zoriy, B Heuel-Fabianek
The water contamination near ecologically problematic objects was investigated between 2009 and 2014 in North-West Tajikistan as a part of a joint project between Forschungszentrum Jülich and Khujand State University. The main part of this work was the determination of uranium in water samples collected near the Degmay tailings dump, the Taboshar pit lake and the Syr Darya river. More than 130 water samples were collected and analyzed to monitor the uranium concentration near the investigated areas. Two different mass spectrometers and an ion chromatograph were used for element concentration measurements...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134007/taxonomic-notes-on-two-sibling-species-of-metellina-from-asia-araneae-tetragnathidae
#7
Recep Sulhi Özkütük, Yuri M Marusik, Kadir Boğaç Kunt, Mert Elverici
Two sibling species, Metellina orientalis (Spassky, 1932) and M. kirgisica (Bakhvalov, 1974), occurring in the Middle East and Central Asia are redescribed and their distributions mapped. The previously unknown male of M. kirgisica is described for the first time. Stridulatory files on male chelicera of Metellina are also documented for the first time. The occurrence of M. kirgisica in Azerbaijan and Tajikistan and the presence of M. orientalis in Turkey are confirmed.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109593/legality-racialization-and-immigrants-experience-of-ethnoracial-harassment-in-russia
#8
Victor Agadjanian, Cecilia Menjívar, Natalya Zotova
Using data from a structured survey and in-depth interviews in three Russian cities, our study engages the scholarship on immigration legal regimes and racialization practices to examine the experiences of ethnoracially motivated harassment among working migrant women from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in Russia. The results of statistical analyses show that regularized legal status is associated with a significantly lower likelihood of experiencing harassment at the hands of law enforcement agents and other actors alike...
November 1, 2017: Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065147/developing-citizen-report-cards-for-primary-health-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-results-from-cognitive-interviews-in-rural-tajikistan
#9
Sebastian Bauhoff, Lila Rabinovich, Lauren A Mayer
Citizen report cards on health care providers have been identified as a potential means to increase citizen engagement, provider accountability and health systems performance. Research in high-income settings indicates that the wording, presentation and display of performance information are critical to achieve these goals. However, there are limited insights on developing effective report card designs for middle- and low-income settings. We conducted cognitive interviews to assess consumers' understanding, interpretation of and preferences for displaying information for a health care report card in rural Tajikistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028804/a-recombinase-polymerase-amplification-assay-for-rapid-detection-of-crimean-congo-haemorrhagic-fever-virus-infection
#10
Laura C Bonney, Robert J Watson, Babak Afrough, Manija Mullojonova, Viktoriya Dzhuraeva, Farida Tishkova, Roger Hewson
BACKGROUND: Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever Virus (CCHFV) is a rapidly emerging vector-borne pathogen and the cause of a virulent haemorrhagic fever affecting large parts of Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: An isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay was successfully developed for molecular detection of CCHFV. The assay showed rapid (under 10 minutes) detection of viral extracts/synthetic virus RNA of all 7 S-segment clades of CCHFV, with high target specificity...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023476/genetic-and-ecological-insights-into-glacial-refugia-of-walnut-juglans-regia-l
#11
Mallikarjuna Aradhya, Dianne Velasco, Zakir Ibrahimov, Biimyrza Toktoraliev, David Maghradze, Mirza Musayev, Zviadi Bobokashvili, John E Preece
The distribution and survival of trees during the last glacial maximum (LGM) has been of interest to paleoecologists, biogeographers, and geneticists. Ecological niche models that associate species occurrence and abundance with climatic variables are widely used to gain ecological and evolutionary insights and to predict species distributions over space and time. The present study deals with the glacial history of walnut to address questions related to past distributions through genetic analysis and ecological modeling of the present, LGM and Last Interglacial (LIG) periods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972481/-population-and-cluster-approach-to-assessment-of-reproductive-health-of-women
#12
M Gulzoda, F Khalimova, F Shukurov, A Gulin
The purpose of this study was to explore the possibility of using a population approach to assessing the risk of reproductive health disorders in women of childbearing age. We observed 240 clinically healthy women aged 20 to 43 years, half of them lived in the Middle Black Earth region of Russia, and 120 women lived in Tajikistan. The study identified population differences in women with different ethnic backgrounds and regions of residence according to a set of genetic, hormonal, and immune signs. All women underwent venous blood sampling for the purpose of HLA typing by molecular genetic analysis and determining the range of normative values ​​of hormonal and immune status parameters...
September 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963174/large-scale-evaluation-of-quality-of-care-in-6-countries-of-eastern-europe-and-central-asia-using-clinical-performance-and-value-vignettes
#13
John W Peabody, Lisa DeMaria, Owen Smith, Angela Hoth, Edmond Dragoti, Jeff Luck
BACKGROUND: A significant determinant of population health outcomes is the quality of care provided for noncommunicable diseases, obstetric, and pediatric care. We present results on clinical practice quality in these areas as measured among nearly 4,000 providers working at more than 1,000 facilities in 6 Eastern European and Central Asian countries. METHODS: This study was conducted between March 2011 and April 2013 in Albania, Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirov Province in Russia, and Tajikistan...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939582/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-app-instant-messaging-to-increase-the-acceptability-of-effective-contraception-among-young-people-in-tajikistan-study-protocol
#14
Ona McCarthy, Baptiste Leurent, Phil Edwards, Ravshan Tokhirov, Caroline Free
INTRODUCTION: Women in lower income countries experience unintended pregnancies at a higher rate compared with women in higher income countries. Unintended pregnancy is associated with numerous poorer health outcomes for both women and their children. In Tajikistan, an estimated 26% of married individuals aged 15-24 years have an unmet need for contraception. The strong cultural value placed on childbearing and oppositional attitudes towards contraception are major barriers to contraceptive uptake in the country...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915888/stigmatization-of-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-by-pharmacists-in-tajikistan-sociocultural-context-and-implications-for-a-pharmacy-based-prevention-approach
#15
Umedjon Ibragimov, Hannah L Cooper, Regine Haardörfer, Kristin L Dunkle, William A Zule, Frank Y Wong
BACKGROUND: Pharmacies are an important source of sterile syringes for people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tajikistan who are under high risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus. Accessibility of sterile syringes at pharmacies without prescription may depend on pharmacists' attitudes towards PWID. This qualitative inquiry examines meanings and processes of stigmatization of PWID among pharmacists and pharmacy students in Tajikistan. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 19 pharmacists and 9 students (N = 28) in the cities of Dushanbe and Kulob, Tajikistan...
September 16, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846628/cytotoxicity-of-the-essential-oil-of-fennel-foeniculum-vulgare-from-tajikistan
#16
Farukh Sharopov, Abdujabbor Valiev, Prabodh Satyal, Isomiddin Gulmurodov, Salomudin Yusufi, William N Setzer, Michael Wink
The essential oil of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is rich in lipophilic secondary metabolites, which can easily cross cell membranes by free diffusion. Several constituents of the oil carry reactive carbonyl groups in their ring structures. Carbonyl groups can react with amino groups of amino acid residues in proteins or in nucleotides of DNA to form Schiff's bases. Fennel essential oil is rich in anise aldehyde, which should interfere with molecular targets in cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the chemical composition of the essential oil of fennel growing in Tajikistan...
August 28, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844355/do-family-planning-messages-improve-antenatal-care-utilization-evidence-from-tajikistan
#17
Nazim Habibov, Hakim Zainiddinov
OBJECTIVE: We assess the effects of TV family planning messages on the frequency and timing of antenatal care utilization in Tajikistan. Instrumental variable regressions are used with Tajikistan's 2012 nationally-representative Demographic and Health Survey to address confounding bias. METHODS: For the continuous outcome variable, number of antenatal visits, we use the instrumental variable linear two-stage least square (2SLS). For the binary outcome variable, the first antenatal visit made during the first trimester of pregnancy, we use instrumental variable biprobit...
October 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803072/temporary-removal-palliative-care-development-in-tajikistan
#18
Nigora Abidjanova
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
August 10, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742003/hepatitis-c-virus-subtype-3a-was-introduced-in-the-ussr-in-the-early-1980s
#19
Victor A Manuylov, Elena V Chub, Vera S Kichatova, Natalya V Soboleva, Olga V Isaeva, Andrey A Zamyatnin, Sergey V Netesov
A total of 2120 nucleotide sequences of the NS5b region of HCV subtype 3a were analysed, including 310 strains derived from former republics of the USSR (Azerbaijan, Estonia, Lithuania, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan). Among the viral isolates collected from former regions of the Soviet Union, 294 strains formed 3 sustained phylogenetic clusters, with each having a common origin. Phylodynamic analysis demonstrated that the most recent common ancestors of the current strains inside the three clusters were introduced into the USSR population in 1981±1, 1984±2 and 1985±2, respectively (the confidence intervals were calculated using Student's t-distribution, P<0...
August 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699117/determination-of-total-mercury-in-aluminium-industrial-zones-and-soil-contaminated-with-red-mud
#20
Oqil Rasulov, Andrea Zacharová, Marián Schwarz
This study investigated total mercury contents in areas impacted by aluminium plants in Tajikistan and Slovakia and in one area flooded with red mud in Hungary. We present the first determination of total mercury contents in the near-top soil (0-10 and 10-20 cm) in Tajikistan and the first comparative investigation of Tajikistan-Slovakia-Hungary. The Tajik Aluminium Company (TALCO) is one of the leading producers of primary aluminium in Central Asia. In the past 30 years, the plant has been producing large volumes of industrial waste, resulting in negative impacts on soil, groundwater and air quality of the surrounding region...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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