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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803072/palliative-care-development-in-tajikistan
#1
Nigora Abidjanova
Tajikistan's health system has undergone a series of complex changes associated with reforms aimed at the transition to a more sophisticated control mechanism, financing and operation. As in many developing countries, there is an increase in morbidity and mortality from cancer and chronic diseases, including tuberculosis and HIV. Attention is needed by the state for the development of cost-effective palliative care that will be integrated into the existing public health system. A recent palliative care country needs assessment identified the following areas of work that need to be addressed for palliative care to be implemented: • educating and training of health care professionals, • raising public awareness about palliative care, • making essential palliative care medicines available, • developing the necessary regulatory documents for palliative care development, • developing educational curricula and materials, • integrating palliative care into the medical and nursing universities and schools, • Creating models of palliative care services for home and inpatient facilities...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742003/hepatitis-c-virus-subtype-3a-was-introduced-in-the-ussr-in-the-early-1980s
#2
Victor A Manuylov, Elena V Chub, Vera S Kichatova, Natalya V Soboleva, Olga V Isaeva, Andrey A Zamyatnin, Sergey V Netesov
A total of 2120 nucleotide sequences of the NS5b region of HCV subtype 3a were analysed, including 310 strains derived from former republics of the USSR (Azerbaijan, Estonia, Lithuania, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan). Among the viral isolates collected from former regions of the Soviet Union, 294 strains formed 3 sustained phylogenetic clusters, with each having a common origin. Phylodynamic analysis demonstrated that the most recent common ancestors of the current strains inside the three clusters were introduced into the USSR population in 1981±1, 1984±2 and 1985±2, respectively (the confidence intervals were calculated using Student's t-distribution, P<0...
July 26, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699117/determination-of-total-mercury-in-aluminium-industrial-zones-and-soil-contaminated-with-red-mud
#3
Oqil Rasulov, Andrea Zacharová, Marián Schwarz
This study investigated total mercury contents in areas impacted by aluminium plants in Tajikistan and Slovakia and in one area flooded with red mud in Hungary. We present the first determination of total mercury contents in the near-top soil (0-10 and 10-20 cm) in Tajikistan and the first comparative investigation of Tajikistan-Slovakia-Hungary. The Tajik Aluminium Company (TALCO) is one of the leading producers of primary aluminium in Central Asia. In the past 30 years, the plant has been producing large volumes of industrial waste, resulting in negative impacts on soil, groundwater and air quality of the surrounding region...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684566/first-complete-genomic-sequence-of-a-rabies-virus-from-the-republic-of-tajikistan-obtained-directly-from-a-flinders-technology-associates-card
#4
H Goharriz, D A Marston, F Sharifzoda, R J Ellis, D L Horton, T Khakimov, A Whatmore, K Khamroev, A N Makhmadshoev, M Bazarov, A R Fooks, A C Banyard
A brain homogenate derived from a rabid dog in the district of Tojikobod, Republic of Tajikistan, was applied to a Flinders Technology Associates (FTA) card. A full-genome sequence of rabies virus (RABV) was generated from the FTA card directly without extraction, demonstrating the utility of these cards for readily obtaining genetic data.
July 6, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632491/lessons-learned-on-health-adaptation-to-climate-variability-and-change-experiences-across-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Kristie L Ebi, Mariam Otmani Del Barrio
BACKGROUND: There is limited published evidence of the effectiveness of adaptation in managing the health risks of climate variability and change in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To document lessons learned and good practice examples from health adaptation pilot projects in low- and middle-income countries to facilitate assessing and overcoming barriers to implementation and to scaling up. METHODS: We evaluated project reports and related materials from the first five years of implementation (2008-2013) of multinational health adaptation projects in Albania, Barbados, Bhutan, China, Fiji, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610244/description-of-unknown-sexes-in-two-i-pireneitega-i-species-from-tajikistan-araneae-agelenidae-coelotinae
#6
Yuri M Marusik
Pireneitega Kishida, 1955, with 35 species, is the second largest genus of Coelotinae (WSC 2017). The genus was recently revised in Tajikistan (Zhang & Marusik 2016). Among the six species found in the region, only one is known by both sexes. After the revision was published, Sergei Zonstein sent me a material containing the unknown female of Pireneitega kovblyuki Zhang et Marusik, 2016 and the unknown male of P. tyurai Zhang et Marusik, 2016. Both samples were collected in type localities. The goal of this paper is to provide illustrated description of unknown sexes of abovementioned species...
June 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558764/elimination-of-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-tajikistan
#7
Anatoly V Kondrashin, Azizullo S Sharipov, Dilshod S Kadamov, Saifuddin S Karimov, Elkhan Gasimov, Alla M Baranova, Lola F Morozova, Ekaterina V Stepanova, Natalia A Turbabina, Maria S Maksimova, Evgeny N Morozov
Malaria was eliminated in Tajikistan by the beginning of the 1960s. However, sporadic introduced cases of malaria occurred subsequently probably as a result of transmission from infected mosquito Anopheles flying over river the Punj from the border areas of Afghanistan. During the 1970s and 1980s local outbreaks of malaria were reported in the southern districts bordering Afghanistan. The malaria situation dramatically changed during the 1990s following armed conflict and civil unrest in the newly independent Tajikistan, which paralyzed health services including the malaria control activities and a large-scale malaria epidemic occurred with more than 400,000 malaria cases...
May 30, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542119/current-tobacco-smoking-and-desire-to-quit-smoking-among-students-aged-13-15-years-global-youth-tobacco-survey-61-countries-2012-2015
#8
René A Arrazola, Indu B Ahluwalia, Eugene Pun, Isabel Garcia de Quevedo, Stephen Babb, Brian S Armour
Tobacco use is the world's leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality, resulting in nearly 6 million deaths each year (1). Smoked tobacco products, such as cigarettes and cigars, are the most common form of tobacco consumed worldwide (2), and most tobacco smokers begin smoking during adolescence (3). The health benefits of quitting are greater for persons who stop smoking at earlier ages; however, quitting smoking at any age has health benefits (4). CDC used the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) data from 61 countries across the six World Health Organization (WHO) regions from 2012 to 2015 to examine the prevalence of current tobacco smoking and desire to quit smoking among students aged 13-15 years...
May 26, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505889/vegetation-dynamics-and-responses-to-climate-change-and-human-activities-in-central-asia
#9
Liangliang Jiang, Guli Jiapaer, Anming Bao, Hao Guo, Felix Ndayisaba
Knowledge of the current changes and dynamics of different types of vegetation in relation to climatic changes and anthropogenic activities is critical for developing adaptation strategies to address the challenges posed by climate change and human activities for ecosystems. Based on a regression analysis and the Hurst exponent index method, this research investigated the spatial and temporal characteristics and relationships between vegetation greenness and climatic factors in Central Asia using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and gridded high-resolution station (land) data for the period 1984-2013...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498961/range-wide-snow-leopard-phylogeography-supports-three-subspecies
#10
Jan E Janecka, Jan E Janecka, Zhang Yu-Guang, Li Di-Qiang, Bariushaa Munkhtsog, Munkhtsog Bayaraa, Naranbaatar Galsandorj, Tshewang R Wangchuk, Dibesh Karmacharya, Thomas McCarthy, Juan Li, Lu Zhi, Kubanychbek Zhumabai Uulu, Ajay Gaur, Satish Kumar, B Kesav Kumar, Shafqat Hussain, Ghulam Muhammad, Matthew Jevit, Charlotte Hacker, Pamela Burger, Claudia Wultsch, Mary J Janecka, Kristofer Helgen, William J Murphy, Rodney Jackson
The snow leopard, Panthera uncia, is an elusive high-altitude specialist that inhabits vast, inaccessible habitat across Asia. We conducted the first range-wide genetic assessment of snow leopards based on noninvasive scat surveys. Thirty-three microsatellites were genotyped and a total of 683-bp of mitochondrial DNA sequenced in 70 individuals. Snow leopards exhibited low genetic diversity at microsatellites (AN = 5.8, HO = 0.433, HE = 0.568), virtually no mtDNA variation, and underwent a bottleneck in the Holocene (~8,000 years ago) coinciding with increased temperatures, precipitation, and upward treeline shift in the Tibetan Plateau...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492255/asia-s-glaciers-are-a-regionally-important-buffer-against-drought
#11
Hamish D Pritchard
The high mountains of Asia-encompassing the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, Karakoram, Pamir Alai, Kunlun Shan, and Tian Shan mountains-have the highest concentration of glaciers globally, and 800 million people depend in part on meltwater from them. Water stress makes this region vulnerable economically and socially to drought, but glaciers are a uniquely drought-resilient source of water. Here I show that these glaciers provide summer meltwater to rivers and aquifers that is sufficient for the basic needs of 136 million people, or most of the annual municipal and industrial needs of Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan...
May 10, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399974/evaluation-of-the-tuberculosis-infection-control-training-center-tajikistan-2014-2015
#12
C Scott, J Mangan, Z Tillova, P A Jensen, S Ahmedov, J Ismoilova, A Trusov
SETTING: Training center on tuberculosis (TB) infection control (IC) for health care workers in the Central Asian Republics region. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of TB IC training courses conducted at the Tuberculosis Infection Control Training Center in Machiton, Tajikistan. DESIGN: Participants who participated in training (n = 89) during the first year of operation (April 2014-February 2015) were invited to participate in a post-training interview...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378460/chlorosis-caused-by-two-recessively-interacting-genes-reveals-a-role-of-rna-helicase-in-hybrid-breakdown-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#13
Björn Plötner, Markus Nurmi, Axel Fischer, Mutsumi Watanabe, Korbinian Schneeberger, Svante Holm, Neha Vaid, Mark Aurel Schöttler, Dirk Walther, Rainer Hoefgen, Detlef Weigel, Roosa A E Laitinen
Hybrids often differ in fitness from their parents. They may be superior, translating into hybrid vigour or heterosis, but they may also be markedly inferior, because of hybrid weakness or incompatibility. The underlying genetic causes for the latter can often be traced back to genes that evolve rapidly because of sexual or host-pathogen conflicts. Hybrid weakness may manifest itself only in later generations, in a phenomenon called hybrid breakdown. We have characterized a case of hybrid breakdown among two Arabidopsis thaliana accessions, Shahdara (Sha, Tajikistan) and Lövvik-5 (Lov-5, Northern Sweden)...
April 4, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296882/detection-and-characterization-of-brucella-spp-in-bovine-milk-in-small-scale-urban-and-peri-urban-farming-in-tajikistan
#14
Elisabeth Lindahl-Rajala, Tove Hoffman, David Fretin, Jacques Godfroid, Nosirjon Sattorov, Sofia Boqvist, Åke Lundkvist, Ulf Magnusson
Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonoses globally, and Central Asia remains a Brucella hotspot. The World Health Organization classifies brucellosis as a neglected zoonotic disease that is rarely in the spotlight for research and mainly affects poor, marginalized people. Urban and peri-urban farming is a common practice in many low-income countries, and it increases the incomes of families that are often restrained by limited economic resources. However, there is a concern that the growing number of people and livestock living close together in these areas will increase the transmission of zoonotic pathogens such as Brucella...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271966/a-national-survey-of-attitudes-toward-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-women-in-kazakhstan-kyrgyzstan-and-tajikistan-implications-for-health-prevention-and-intervention
#15
Manisha Joshi, Saltanat Childress
Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) can affect the prevalence of IPV, response of victims' to IPV (e.g., whether to seek help), and the response of professionals (e.g., police, social workers, health care professionals) to IPV. Knowledge about IPV-related attitudes is essential for developing effective social work and violence-related programs. Using data from the 2005-2006 Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, this study examines attitudes toward IPV and socio-demographic predictors of these attitudes among married women in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237311/residues-of-organochlorine-pesticides-in-surface-soil-and-raw-foods-from-rural-areas-of-the-republic-of-tajikistan
#16
Mace G Barron, Zebunisso J Ashurova, Mukhamadcho A Kukaniev, Hakbarqul K Avloev, Karim K Khaidarov, Jamshed N Jamshedov, Oygul S Rahmatullova, Sunbula S Atolikshoeva, Sakina S Mamadshova, Oksana Manzenyuk
The central Asian Republic of Tajikistan has been an area of extensive historical agricultural pesticide use as well as large scale burials of banned chlorinated insecticides. The current investigation was a four year study of legacy organochlorine pesticides in surface soil and raw foods in four rural areas of Tajikistan. Study areas included the pesticide burial sites of Konibodom and Vakhsh, and family farms of Garm and Chimbuloq villages. These areas were selected to represent a diversity of pesticide disposal histories and to allow assessment of local pesticide contamination in Tajikistan...
May 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103797/genetic-structure-in-the-sherpa-and-neighboring-nepalese-populations
#17
Amy M Cole, Sean Cox, Choongwon Jeong, Nayia Petousi, Dhana R Aryal, Yunden Droma, Masayuki Hanaoka, Masao Ota, Nobumitsu Kobayashi, Paolo Gasparini, Hugh Montgomery, Peter Robbins, Anna Di Rienzo, Gianpiero L Cavalleri
BACKGROUND: We set out to describe the fine-scale population structure across the Eastern region of Nepal. To date there is relatively little known about the genetic structure of the Sherpa residing in Nepal and their genetic relationship with the Nepalese. We assembled dense genotype data from a total of 1245 individuals representing Nepal and a variety of different populations resident across the greater Himalayan region including Tibet, China, India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kirghizstan...
January 19, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988689/myocoptid-mites-acariformes-myocoptidae-of-the-fauna-of-the-former-ussr
#18
Andre V Bochkov
Mites of the family Myocoptidae (Acariformes: Sarcoptoidea) of the former USSR are revised based on the collection of the Zoological Institute RAS (St. Petersburg, Russia). Seventeen described species are recorded. Four species are described as new for science: Trichoecius dubininae sp. nov. from Lasiopodomys gregalis (Pallas) (Rodentia: Cricetidae) from Russia (Chelyabinsk Prov., type locality), Kazakhstan and Kirghizia, T. lemmus sp. nov. from Lemmus sibiricus (Kerr) (Rodentia: Cricetidae) from Russia (Taymyr peninsula), T...
November 17, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942245/molecular-diversity-of-%C3%AE-gliadin-expressed-genes-in-genetically-contrasted-spelt-triticum-aestivum-ssp-spelta-accessions-and-comparison-with-bread-wheat-t-aestivum-ssp-aestivum-and-related-diploid-triticum-and-aegilops-species
#19
Benjamin Dubois, Pierre Bertin, Dominique Mingeot
The gluten proteins of cereals such as bread wheat (Triticum aestivum ssp. aestivum) and spelt (T. aestivum ssp. spelta) are responsible for celiac disease (CD). The α-gliadins constitute the most immunogenic class of gluten proteins as they include four main T-cell stimulatory epitopes that affect CD patients. Spelt has been less studied than bread wheat and could constitute a source of valuable diversity. The objective of this work was to study the genetic diversity of spelt α-gliadin transcripts and to compare it with those of bread wheat...
2016: Molecular Breeding: New Strategies in Plant Improvement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937071/resolving-the-phylogenetic-status-and-taxonomic-relationships-of-the-hangul-cervus-elaphus-hanglu-in-the-family-cervidae
#20
Ved P Kumar, Mukesh Thakur, Ankita Rajpoot, Bhim Dutt Joshi, Parag Nigam, Khursheed Ahmad, Dhyanendra Kumar, Surendra P Goyal
The Hangul (Cervus elaphus hanglu) is a "Least Concern" deer species, and it is the only survivor of the Red Deer group in the Indian subcontinent. The phylogenetic status of the Hangul relative to the other members of the family Cervidae is not known because sequence data are not available in public databases. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the phylogenetic status and delineate the genetic boundaries of the Hangul with respect to the other Red Deer subspecies on the basis of cytochrome b gene sequence data (ca 421 bp)...
December 10, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
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