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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727522/development-of-a-short-course-on-management-of-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-respiratory-infection-and-impact-on-clinician-knowledge-in-resource-limited-icus
#1
Janet V Diaz, Justin R Ortiz, Paula Lister, Nahoko Shindo, Neill K J Adhikari
BACKGROUND: The 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic caused surges of patients in intensive care units (ICUs) in resource-limited settings. Several Ministries of Health requested clinical management guidance from the World Health Organization (WHO), which had not previously developed guidance regarding critically ill patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the acceptability and impact on knowledge of a short course about the management of critically ill patients with acute respiratory infections complicated by sepsis or acute respiratory distress syndrome delivered to clinicians in resource-limited ICUs...
May 4, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723800/familial-alcohol-supply-adolescent-drinking-and-early-alcohol-onset-in-45-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Gary C K Chan, Janni Leung, Adrian B Kelly, Jason Connor, Stephanie Edward, Wayne Hall, Louisa Degenhardt, Vivian Chiu, George Patton
AIMS: This study estimated the extent of familial alcohol supply in 45 low and middle income countries (LMIC), and examined the country-level effects of familial alcohol supply on adolescents' alcohol use. METHOD: We used data from 45 LMICs that participated in the Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS) between 2003 and 2013 (n = 139,840). The weighted prevalence of familial alcohol supply in each country was estimated. Multilevel binary and ordinal logistic regression analyses were used to examine the country-level effect of familial alcohol supply on early onset of alcohol use (first alcohol before 12), past 30-day alcohol use, lifetime drunkenness and alcohol-related social problems...
April 24, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716571/development-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-mobile-phone-aimed-at-decreasing-unintended-pregnancy-among-young-people-in-three-lower-middle-income-countries
#3
Ona L McCarthy, Ola Wazwaz, Veronica Osorio Calderon, Iman Jado, Salokhiddin Saibov, Amina Stavridis, Jhonny López Gallardo, Ravshan Tokhirov, Samia Adada, Silvia Huaynoca, Shelly Makleff, Marieka Vandewiele, Sarah Standaert, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancies can result in poorer health outcomes for women, children and families. Young people in low and middle income countries are at particular risk of unintended pregnancies and could benefit from innovative contraceptive interventions. There is growing evidence that interventions delivered by mobile phone can be effective in improving a range of health behaviours. This paper describes the development of a contraceptive behavioural intervention delivered by mobile phone for young people in Tajikistan, Bolivia and Palestine, where unmet need for contraception is high among this group...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695221/parts-unknown-risk-factors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-azerbaijan-kyrgyzstan-tajikistan-and-moldova
#4
Brittany E Hayes, Ryan Randa
Extant research has argued that there are variations in predictors of intimate partner violence (IPV) across nations and it is necessary to examine country-specific correlates of IPV. Much remains unknown about factors that affect risk of IPV in transitional countries. Specifically, we explore risk factors for IPV among four former nations of the Soviet Union-Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Moldova-with data from the nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys. Rates of physical abuse were similar within Tajikistan (18...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599685/household-decision-making-around-food-in-rural-tajikistan-a-cross-sectional-study-to-help-extension-workers-in-the-field
#5
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Wood, Katharine McNamara, Agata Kowalewska, Nargiza Ludgate
This study was conducted to research and develop recommendations for gender transformative approaches that will address misconceptions around food and nutrition, and reducing barriers around dietary diversity within rural Khatlon Province, Tajikistan. Most of the population in Tajikistan live in rural areas and spend a large part of their income on food. While stunting in children under 5 years has decreased, acute malnutrition and the number of underweight children has increased. This is a qualitative, cross-sectional study that involved secondary data analysis, key informant interviews (KIIs), and focus group discussions (FGDs) to gauge appropriate interventions for agricultural extension agents seeking to improve the nutritional outcomes of their communities...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594179/intervention-packages-to-reduce-the-impact-of-hiv-and-hcv-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-eastern-europe-and-central-asia-a-modeling-and-cost-effectiveness-study
#6
Guillaume Mabileau, Otilia Scutelniciuc, Maia Tsereteli, Ivan Konorazov, Alla Yelizaryeva, Svetlana Popovici, Karimov Saifuddin, Elena Losina, Manoela Manova, Vinay Saldanha, Jean-Elie Malkin, Yazdan Yazdanpanah
Background: We evaluated the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions targeting hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV infections among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Eastern Europe/Central Asia. We specifically considered the needle-syringe program (NSP), opioid substitution therapy (OST), HCV and HIV diagnosis, antiretroviral therapy (ART), and/or new HCV treatment (direct acting antiviral [DAA]) in Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Republic of Moldova, and Tajikistan. Methods: We developed a deterministic dynamic compartmental model and evaluated the number of infections averted, costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) of interventions...
March 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580246/correction-to-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-mobile-phone-app-instant-messaging-to-increase-the-acceptability-of-effective-contraception-among-young-people-in-tajikistan
#7
Ona McCarthy, Irrfan Ahamed, Firuza Kulaeva, Ravshan Tokhirov, Salokhiddin Saibov, Marieka Vandewiele, Sarah Standaert, Baptiste Leurent, Phil Edwards, Melissa Palmer, Caroline Free
After publication of the original article [1], it came to the authors' attention that there is a typo in the Results section.
March 26, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556670/are-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-risk-factors-for-anemia-in-early-childhood-results-from-a-national-nutrition-survey-in-tajikistan
#8
Marita Crivelli, Kaspar Wyss, Leticia Grize, Barbara Matthys, Thomas Aebi, Elisabeth Zemp
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between overweight/obesity and anemia in early childhood in Tajikistan. METHODS: Using a two-stage-cluster sampling, a representative sample of 1342 children (48.7% girls) aged 25-60 months was included in a nationwide survey in Tajikistan in 2009. Weight status was defined by age- and gender-specific body mass index, anemia by hemoglobin < 11 g/dl, according to WHO cut-off values for children, adjusted for altitude...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433506/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-mobile-phone-app-instant-messaging-to-increase-the-acceptability-of-effective-contraception-among-young-people-in-tajikistan
#9
Ona McCarthy, Irrfan Ahamed, Firuza Kulaeva, Ravshan Tokhirov, Salokhiddin Saibov, Marieka Vandewiele, Sarah Standaert, Baptiste Leurent, Phil Edwards, Melissa Palmer, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy is associated with poorer health outcomes for women and their families. In Tajikistan, around 26% of married 15-24 year old women have an unmet need for contraception. There is some evidence that interventions delivered by mobile phone can affect contraceptive-related behaviour and knowledge. We developed an intervention delivered by mobile phone app instant messaging to improve acceptability of effective contraceptive methods among young people in Tajikistan...
February 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366710/rotavirus-hospitalizations-among-children-5-years-of-age-tajikistan-2013-2014
#10
Anvar B Nazurdinov, Zafarjon A Azizov, Farida Tishkova, Sohibnazar M Turkov, Danni S Daniels, Eyal Leshem
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, Tajikistan introduced the monovalent rotavirus vaccine into the national immunization program. Our objective was to estimate pre-vaccine burden of rotavirus-associated hospitalizations in children <5 years of age in Tajikistan. METHODS: During January 2013-December 2014, active surveillance for acute gastroenteritis (AGE)-associated hospitalizations in children <5 years of age was conducted by sentinel surveillance site staff...
February 1, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343696/decoupled-in-plane-dipole-resonance-modulated-colorimetric-assay-based-optical-ruler-for-ultra-trace-gold-au-detection
#11
Ajoy Mandal, Maireyee Bhattacharya, Denis V Kuznetsov, Tapas Ghosh, Sudeshna Das Chakraborty, Biswarup Satpati, Vsevolod Mazov, Dulal Senapati
Decoupling of different plasmon resonance modes (in-plane, and out-of-plane dipole and quadrupole resonances) by tuning nanoparticle's size and shape offers a new field of plasmonics as colorimetric assay-based optical-ruler for ultra-trace sensing. Driven by its low cost, easy to perform and efficient way to measure trace level (up to 30 ppt in presence of common mining elements in natural gold ore) abundance, this study develops a highly selective and ultrasensitive turn-on colorimetric sensor to detect gold-ion from environmental samples...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337880/the-sodium-and-potassium-content-of-the-most-commonly-available-street-foods-in-tajikistan-and-kyrgyzstan-in-the-context-of-the-feedcities-project
#12
Inês Lança de Morais, Nuno Lunet, Gabriela Albuquerque, Marcello Gelormini, Susana Casal, Albertino Damasceno, Olívia Pinho, Pedro Moreira, Jo Jewell, João Breda, Patrícia Padrão
This cross-sectional study is aimed at assessing sodium (Na) and potassium (K) content and the molar Na:K ratios of the most commonly available ready-to-eat street foods in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Four different samples of each of these foods were collected and 62 food categories were evaluated through bromatological analysis. Flame photometry was used to quantify sodium and potassium concentrations. The results show that home-made foods can be important sources of sodium. In particular, main dishes and sandwiches, respectively, contain more than 1400 and nearly 1000 mg Na in an average serving and provide approximately 70% and 50% of the maximum daily recommended values...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245722/-i-jelinekius-i-i-prisniyi-i-sp-nov-new-species-of-genus-i-jelinekius-i-majer-1990-coleoptera-dasytidae-rhadalinae-from-tajikistan
#13
Yakov N Kovalenko
The genus Jelinekius Majer, 1990, previously known only from Iran, is reported from Tajikistan for the first time. A new species, J. prisniyi sp. nov., is described as new to science.
October 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233193/bovine-leptospirosis-in-urban-and-peri-urban-dairy-farming-in-low-income-countries-a-one-health-issue
#14
Elisabeth Lindahl Rajala, Nosirjon Sattorov, Sofia Boqvist, Ulf Magnusson
Global trends in urbanization are increasing the spread of neglected zoonotic infections such as leptospirosis, and reducing the number of human cases of leptospirosis is best accomplished by controlling the infection in the animal reservoir. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo and L. interrogans serovar Hardjo (L. Hardjo) exposure and to assess the associated risk factors for infection in small-scale dairy farming in the urban and peri-urban area of Dushanbe, Tajikistan...
December 12, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226959/larvivorous-fish-for-preventing-malaria-transmission
#15
REVIEW
Deirdre P Walshe, Paul Garner, Ahmed A Adeel, Graham H Pyke, Thomas R Burkot
BACKGROUND: Adult female Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. Some fish species eat mosquito larvae and pupae. In disease control policy documents, the World Health Organization (WHO) includes biological control of malaria vectors by stocking ponds, rivers, and water collections near where people live with larvivorous fish to reduce Plasmodium parasite transmission. In the past, the Global Fund has financed larvivorous fish programmes in some countries, and, with increasing efforts in eradication of malaria, policymakers may return to this option...
December 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220335/features-of-pharmaceutical-compounding-in-the-republic-of-tajikistan
#16
D S Alfred-Ugbenbo, A H Valiev, O A Zdoryk, V A Georgiyants
Despite the deep assortment of finished pharmaceutical products and the reduction in the number of compounding and hospital pharmacies in the Republic of Tajikistan, the need for extemporal medicinal products is still preserved and remains relevant. This article discusses the practice of compounding in the Republic of Tajikistan. History, laws, limits, regulatory institutions, protocols for compounding pharmacy set up, challenges, equipment, extemporaneous formulations, quality control, and storage within regulatory framework are discussed...
November 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159323/summer-and-winter-habitat-suitability-of-marco-polo-argali-in-southeastern-tajikistan-a-modeling-approach
#17
Eric Ariel L Salas, Raul Valdez, Stefan Michel
We modeled summer and winter habitat suitability of Marco Polo argali in the Pamir Mountains in southeastern Tajikistan using these statistical algorithms: Generalized Linear Model, Random Forest, Boosted Regression Tree, Maxent, and Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines. Using sheep occurrence data collected from 2009 to 2015 and a set of selected habitat predictors, we produced summer and winter habitat suitability maps and determined the important habitat suitability predictors for both seasons. Our results demonstrated that argali selected proximity to riparian areas and greenness as the two most relevant variables for summer, and the degree of slope (gentler slopes between 0° to 20°) and Landsat temperature band for winter...
November 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136519/monitoring-of-uranium-concentrations-in-water-samples-collected-near-potentially-hazardous-objects-in-north-west-tajikistan
#18
P Zoriy, M Schläger, K Murtazaev, J Pillath, M Zoriy, B Heuel-Fabianek
The water contamination near ecologically problematic objects was investigated between 2009 and 2014 in North-West Tajikistan as a part of a joint project between Forschungszentrum Jülich and Khujand State University. The main part of this work was the determination of uranium in water samples collected near the Degmay tailings dump, the Taboshar pit lake and the Syr Darya river. More than 130 water samples were collected and analyzed to monitor the uranium concentration near the investigated areas. Two different mass spectrometers and an ion chromatograph were used for element concentration measurements...
January 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134007/taxonomic-notes-on-two-sibling-species-of-metellina-from-asia-araneae-tetragnathidae
#19
Recep Sulhi Özkütük, Yuri M Marusik, Kadir Boğaç Kunt, Mert Elverici
Two sibling species, Metellina orientalis (Spassky, 1932) and M. kirgisica (Bakhvalov, 1974), occurring in the Middle East and Central Asia are redescribed and their distributions mapped. The previously unknown male of M. kirgisica is described for the first time. Stridulatory files on male chelicera of Metellina are also documented for the first time. The occurrence of M. kirgisica in Azerbaijan and Tajikistan and the presence of M. orientalis in Turkey are confirmed.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109593/legality-racialization-and-immigrants-experience-of-ethnoracial-harassment-in-russia
#20
Victor Agadjanian, Cecilia Menjívar, Natalya Zotova
Using data from a structured survey and in-depth interviews in three Russian cities, our study engages the scholarship on immigration legal regimes and racialization practices to examine the experiences of ethnoracially motivated harassment among working migrant women from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in Russia. The results of statistical analyses show that regularized legal status is associated with a significantly lower likelihood of experiencing harassment at the hands of law enforcement agents and other actors alike...
November 1, 2017: Social Problems
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