keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CVR

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218698/genetic-assessment-of-african-swine-fever-isolates-involved-in-outbreaks-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-between-2005-and-2012-reveals-co-circulation-of-p72-genotypes-i-ix-and-xiv-including-19-variants
#1
Leopold K Mulumba-Mfumu, Jenna E Achenbach, Matthew R Mauldin, Linda K Dixon, Curé Georges Tshilenge, Etienne Thiry, Noelia Moreno, Esther Blanco, Claude Saegerman, Charles E Lamien, Adama Diallo
African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating disease of domestic pigs. It is a socioeconomically important disease, initially described from Kenya, but subsequently reported in most Sub-Saharan countries. ASF spread to Europe, South America and the Caribbean through multiple introductions which were initially eradicated-except for Sardinia-followed by re‑introduction into Europe in 2007. In this study of ASF within the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 62 domestic pig samples, collected between 2005-2012, were examined for viral DNA and sequencing at multiple loci: C-terminus of the B646L gene (p72 protein), central hypervariable region (CVR) of the B602L gene, and the E183L gene (p54 protein)...
February 18, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184203/prefrontal-parietal-white-matter-volumes-in-healthy-elderlies-are-decreased-in-proportion-to-the-degree-of-cardiovascular-risk-and-related-to-inhibitory-control-deficits
#2
Pedro P Santos, Paula S Da Silveira, Fabio L Souza-Duran, Jaqueline H Tamashiro-Duran, Márcia Scazufca, Paulo R Menezes, Claudia Da Costa Leite, Paulo A Lotufo, Homero Vallada, Maurício Wajngarten, Tânia C De Toledo Ferraz Alves, Patricia Rzezak, Geraldo F Busatto
Cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors may be associated with poor cognitive functioning in elderlies and impairments in brain structure. Using MRI and voxel-based morphometry (VBM), we assessed regional white matter (WM) volumes in a population-based sample of individuals aged 65-75 years (n = 156), subdivided in three CVR subgroups using the Framingham Risk Score. Cognition was assessed using the Short Cognitive Performance Test. In high-risk subjects, we detected significantly reduced WM volume in the right juxtacortical dorsolateral prefrontal region compared to both low and intermediate CVR subgroups...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183556/blood-loss-and-transfusion-requirements-with-epsilon-aminocaproic-acid-use-during-cranial-vault-reconstruction-surgery
#3
Mark E Thompson, Charles Saadeh, Phillip Watkins, Laszlo Nagy, Joshua Demke
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) load of 50 mg∙kg(-1) before skin incision, and infusion of 25 mg∙kg(-1)∙h(-1) until skin closure during cranial vault reconstruction (CVR) were associated with decreased estimated blood loss and transfusion requirements. BACKGROUND: Antifibrinolytic medications decrease bleeding and transfusion requirements during cardiothoracic and orthopedic surgeries with high blood loss, but practical reductions in blood loss and transfusion requirements have not been consistently realized in children undergoing CVR...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152241/invalidation-of-fmri-experiments-secondary-to-neurovascular-uncoupling-in-patients-with-cerebrovascular-disease
#4
Andrea E Para, Kevin Sam, Julien Poublanc, Joseph A Fisher, Adrian P Crawley, David J Mikulis
PURPOSE: Blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a technique used to infer neuronal activity from the observed changes in blood flow. Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) is the ability of arterioles to increase blood flow in response to vasodilatory stimulus. We hypothesize that in areas of disease where there is exhausted vascular reserve and impaired CVR there will be diminished blood flow response following neuronal activation, and that these areas would appear as false-negative tests on BOLD fMRI...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144461/feasibility-reliability-and-validity-of-the-iranian-version-of-the-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-pregnancy
#5
Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Fatemeh Shiri, Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies are giving increased importance to quality of life assessments as measures of the relative effectiveness of prevention and treatment programs used during pregnancy and antenatally. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate the Quality of life gravidarum (QOL-GRAV) questionnaire for Iranian women during the pregnant period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional methodological study, content validity following back and forward translation was assessed by a panel of experts...
September 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144457/alexander-technique-training-coupled-with-an-integrative-model-of-behavioral-prediction-in-teachers-with-low-back-pain
#6
Tahereh Kamalikhah, Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Farid Rezaei-Moghaddam, Mohammad Ghasemi, Mohammad Gholami-Fesharaki, Salma Goklani
BACKGROUND: Individuals suffering from chronic low back pain (CLBP) experience major physical, social, and occupational disruptions. Strong evidence confirms the effectiveness of Alexander technique (AT) training for CLBP. OBJECTIVES: The present study applied an integrative model (IM) of behavioral prediction for improvement of AT training. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study of female teachers with nonspecific LBP in southern Tehran in 2014...
September 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131187/improvement-of-neurovascular-function-and-cognitive-impairment-after-sta-mca-anastomosis
#7
Mami Ishikawa, Gen Kusaka, Satoshi Terao, Mutsumi Nagai, Yuichi Tanaka, Heiji Naritaka
OBJECTIVE: In patients with severe steno-occlusive disease of a main cerebral artery, decreased cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) and cognitive impairment without causative focal lesions on magnetic resonance imaging have been reported. We examined ipsilateral and contralateral CVR and cognition before and after superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis operation in patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) or MCA occlusion. METHODS: In 30 patients with ICA or MCA occlusion, cognitive impairment, and decreased CVR, we examined cognition, CVR, leukoaraiosis grades, and blood data...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125299/development-and-content-validation-of-the-power-mobility-training-tool
#8
Lisa K Kenyon, John P Farris, Brett Cain, Emily King, Ashley VandenBerg
PURPOSE: This paper outlines the development and content validation of the power mobility training tool (PMTT), an observational tool designed to assist therapists in developing power mobility training programs for children who have multiple, severe impairments. METHODS: Initial items on the PMTT were developed based on a literature review and in consultation with therapists experienced in the use of power mobility. Items were trialled in clinical settings, reviewed, and refined...
January 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114428/treatment-efficacy-and-safety-of-tenofovir-based-therapy-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-real-life-cohort-study-in-korea
#9
Hyo Jun Ahn, Myeong Jun Song, Jeong Won Jang, Si Hyun Bae, Jong Young Choi, Seung Kew Yoon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based therapy in naïve and treatment-experienced chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients for 96 weeks in Korean real life practice. METHODS: A total of 209 CHB patients with a prescription for TDF at the Seoul and Daejeon St. Mary's hospitals were enrolled from December 2012 to October 2014. We compared the virological responses and evaluated the renal safety of treatment-naive and treatment-experienced patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111701/thrombosis-of-venous-outflows-of-the-cavernous-sinus-possible-aetiology-of-the-cortical-venous-reflux-in-case-of-indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistulas
#10
Thomas Robert, Philippe Sylvestre, Raphaël Blanc, Daniele Botta, Gabriele Ciccio, Stanislas Smajda, Hocine Redjem, Michel Piotin
BACKGROUND: The presence of a cortical venous reflux (CVR) in a carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is well described and is considered to be a criterion for urgent treatment. This reflux is often associated with direct/traumatic CCF and the high-flow of the fistula alone explains the reflux. For indirect CCF, the pathophysiology of a CVR is unclear. METHODS: All patients treated endovascularly for an indirect CCF with a cortical venous reflux between 2003 and 2015 were included...
January 22, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061015/impact-of-vessel-wall-lesions-and-vascular-stenoses-on-cerebrovascular-reactivity-in-patients-with-intracranial-stenotic-disease
#11
Petrice M Cogswell, Taylor L Davis, Megan K Strother, Carlos C Faraco, Allison O Scott, Lori C Jordan, Matthew R Fusco, Blaise deB Frederick, Jeroen Hendrikse, Manus J Donahue
PURPOSE: To compare cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) and CVR lagtimes in flow territories perfused by vessels with vs. without proximal arterial wall disease and/or stenosis, separately in patients with atherosclerotic and nonatherosclerotic (moyamoya) intracranial stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Atherosclerotic and moyamoya patients with >50% intracranial stenosis and <70% cervical stenosis underwent angiography, vessel wall imaging (VWI), and CVR-weighted imaging (n = 36; vessel segments evaluated = 396)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061000/prediction-of-neonatal-respiratory-distress-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-fetal-lung-masses
#12
Anna I Girsen, Susan R Hintz, Rami Sammour, Aasim Naqvi, Yasser Y El-Sayed, Katie Sherwin, Alexis S Davis, Valerie Y Chock, Richard A Barth, Erika Rubesova, Karl G Sylvester, Ritu Chitkara, Yair J Blumenfeld
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of fetal lung mass imaging for predicting neonatal respiratory distress. METHOD: Pregnancies with fetal lung masses between 2009 and 2014 at a single center were analyzed. Neonatal respiratory distress was defined as: Intubation and mechanical ventilation at birth, surgery before discharge, or ECMO. The predictive utility of the initial as well as maximal lung mass volume and congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) volume ratio (CVR) by US and MRI was analyzed...
January 6, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054939/effects-of-resveratrol-on-cognitive-performance-mood-and-cerebrovascular-function-in-post-menopausal-women-a-14-week-randomised-placebo-controlled-intervention-trial
#13
Hamish M Evans, Peter R C Howe, Rachel H X Wong
We tested whether chronic supplementation with resveratrol (a phytoestrogen) could improve cerebrovascular function, cognition and mood in post-menopausal women. Eighty post-menopausal women aged 45-85 years were randomised to take trans-resveratrol or placebo for 14 weeks and the effects on cognitive performance, cerebral blood flow velocity and pulsatility index (a measure of arterial stiffness) in the middle cerebral artery (using transcranial Doppler ultrasound), and cerebrovascular responsiveness (CVR) to both cognitive testing and hypercapnia were assessed...
January 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050188/psychometric-properties-of-the-sexual-interest-and-desire-inventory-female-for-diagnosis-of-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-the-persian-version
#14
Mina Malary, Mehdi Pourasghar, Soghra Khani, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi
Objective: Hypoactive sexual desire Disorder (HSDD) is a common sexual problem among women. Sexual interest and desire inventory -female (SIDI-F) has been widely validated and used to measure sexual desire in women. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the Persian version of SIDI-F for Iranian population. Method: This was a methodological study on the psychometric properties of SIDI -F. This report describes the process and principles used in the translation and cultural adaptation of the SIDI-F on 40 women of reproductive age who were selected using convenience sampling method...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047432/su-g-iep1-11-resting-state-fluctuation-of-bold-signal-amplitude-for-mapping-cerebrovascular-reactivity-in-presurgical-functional-mri
#15
P Wang, P Hou, S Kesler, R Colen, A Kumar, S Prabhu, H Liu
PURPOSE: Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) MRI with hypercapnia challenges, such as a breath-hold (BH) task, has been proposed to indicate areas with neurovascular uncoupling potentials for presurgical functional MRI (fMRI). This study aimed to explore the use of resting-state (RS) fMRI, in particular, the RS fluctuation of amplitude (RSFA) for detecting the impaired CVR and compare with BH MRI in patients with gliomas. METHODS: The BH and RS fMRI from six patients as part of their presurgical fMRI studies were analyzed...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042873/a-mini-network-balance-model-for-evaluating-the-progression-of-cardiovascular-complications-in-goto-kakizaki-rats
#16
Hao Jiang, Yu-Hao Wang, Chun-Xiang Wei, Xue Zhang, Hao-Chen Liu, Xiao-Quan Liu
Cardiovascular complications represent a leading cause of mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). During such complicated progression, subtle variations in the cardiovascular risk (CVR)-related biomarkers have been used to identify cardiovascular disease at the incipient stage. In this study we attempt to integrally characterize the progression of cardiovascular complications and to assess the beneficial effects of metformin combined with salvianolic acid A (Sal A), in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats with spontaneous T2DM...
January 2, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029271/hemodynamic-mechanisms-underlying-elevated-oxygen-extraction-fraction-oef-in-moyamoya-and-sickle-cell-anemia-patients
#17
Jennifer M Watchmaker, Meher R Juttukonda, Larry T Davis, Allison O Scott, Carlos C Faraco, Melissa C Gindville, Lori C Jordan, Petrice M Cogswell, Angela L Jefferson, Howard S Kirshner, Manus J Donahue
Moyamoya is a bilateral, complex cerebrovascular condition characterized by progressive non-atherosclerotic intracranial stenosis and collateral vessel formation. Moyamoya treatment focuses on restoring cerebral blood flow (CBF) through surgical revascularization, however stratifying patients for revascularization requires abilities to quantify how well parenchyma is compensating for arterial steno-occlusion. Globally elevated oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) secondary to CBF reduction may serve as a biomarker for tissue health in moyamoya patients, as suggested in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) and reduced oxygen carrying capacity...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017545/high-sensitivity-troponin-t-assay-in-asymptomatic-high-cardiovascular-risk-patients-the-tusarc-registry
#18
Isabel Álvarez, Luis Hernández, Héctor García, Vicente Villamandos, María Gracia López, Jorge Palazuelos Molinero, Diego Martín Raymondi
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: High-sensitivity troponin T assays (Hs-TnT) have been carried out in selected populations in clinical trials and in registries of the general population with low cardiovascular risk (CVR). The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of individuals with detectable Hs-TnT and the proportion of individuals with elevated Hs-TnT in a Spanish population of asymptomatic individuals with very high CVR, as well as the parameters associated with Hs-TnT elevation...
December 22, 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978784/correlation-between-decreased-parasympathetic-activity-and-reduced-cerebrovascular-reactivity-in-patients-with-lacunar-infarct
#19
Kannakorn Intharakham, Kesorn Suwanprasert, Sombat Muengtaweepongsa
Reduced cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) was found in patients with recent lacunar infarct. However, its mechanisms were controversial. The breath holding maneuver as vasodilatory stimulus is clinically useful for an estimation of cerebrovasomotor reactivity in well co-operative patients. Patients with lacunar infarct have no higher cortical dysfunction and remain well co-operation. The breath holding maneuver is feasible and safe to perform in patients with lacunar infarct. Autonomic nervous system regulates systemic vascular activity...
13, 2016: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967213/could-nlrp3-inflammasome-be-a-cardiovascular-risk-biomarkers-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients
#20
Pedro Bullon, Francisco J Cano-García, Elisabet Alcocer-Gómez, Alfonso Varela-Lopez, Lourdes Román-Malo, Rafael J Ruiz-Salmerón, Jose L Quiles, Jose M Navarro-Pando, Maurizio Battino, Jesús Ruiz-Cabello, Luis J Jiménez-Borreguero, Mario D Cordero
Conventional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) are accepted to identify asymptomatic individuals with high risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, AMI affects many patients previously classified at low risk. New biomarkers are needed to improve risk prediction. We propose to evaluate the NLRP3-inflammasome complex as a potential CVR indicator in healthy males and post-AMI patients and compare both groups by known CVRFs. We included 109 men with no history of cardiovascular disease (controls) and 150 AMI patients attending a cardiac rehabilitation program...
December 14, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
keyword
keyword
45173
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"