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genitourinary tuberculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423095/first-reported-case-of-fulminant-tb-with-progression-of-infection-from-lungs-to-the-genitourinary-region
#1
Tatjana Adzic-Vukicevic, Aleksandra Barac, Aleksandra Dudvarski Ilic, Radmila Jankovic, Jovan Hadzi-Djokic, Dragica Pesut
Although tuberculosis (TB) is a curable disease, it continues to be one of the leading infections associated with death in the world. Extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB) occurs in approximately 10% of the total cases, presenting with lymph nodes, pleura, bone and genitourinary tract as the most common locations. Genitourinary tuberculosis, the second most common EPTB, is very difficult to diagnose unless there is a high index of suspicion. Isolated TB orchitis or prostatitis without clinical evidence of renal involvement is a rare entity among genitourinary tuberculosis...
April 13, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410692/treatment-outcome-of-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-under-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-programme
#2
J J Cherian, I Lobo, A Sukhlecha, U Chawan, N A Kshirsagar, B L Nair, L Sawardekar
BACKGROUND: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) constitutes 15-20% of tuberculosis cases in India. Earlier studies have evaluated treatment outcomes of EPTB with little information on outcomes of individual site of EPTB. AIMS: The objective was to study the outcome of Directly Observed Treatment Short course (DOTS) treatment of EPTB in different organ systems under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme. METHODS: Multi-centric retrospectives record review was carried out in three states in India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248057/-tuberculosis-of-the-prostate
#3
O S Streltsova, V N Krupin, K E Yunusova, M V Mamonov
Genitourinary tract is the second most common site where extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) occurs. Genitourinary TB is notable for a latent clinical course and difficult diagnosis. The paper presents clinical observations of two patients treated in a urology department of a general public hospital. One of them was diagnosed with tuberculosis of the prostate, MTB+. In the other, TB of the prostate was suspected based on pathologic assessment of the surgical specimen after surgery for prostate cancer.
December 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248018/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cystitis-more-questions-than-answers
#4
E V Kulchavenya, S Yu Shevchenko, A G Cherednichenko
INTRODUCTION: Despite the prevalence of acute cystitis, there are still many unsolved problems of diagnosis and treatment of this disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To determine the nosological structure of dysuria, 126 female patients who sought medical attention for frequent painful urination were examined. To determine the incidence of outpatient visits to an urologist for patients with cystitis, medical records of 6753 patients of municipal outpatient clinic were analyzed...
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247736/-cancer-and-genitourinary-tuberculosis-literature-review-and-clinical-observations
#5
D P Kholtobin, D P Kulchavenya, B T Khomyakov
Tuberculosis has been regarded as a counter-regulatory process to cancer. The development of tumors in the kidney that is affected by tuberculosis is considered as extremely rare, almost impossible case. The analysis of the literature on combined/sequential damage of urogenital organs by tuberculosis and cancer, and own clinical observation were performed. The case history of 72-year-old patient who sought medical advice for violation of urination is described. Previously he suffered from tuberculosis of the lungs and prostate cancer, and he was healed...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214126/pulmonary-nodules-in-african-migrants-caused-by-chronic-schistosomiasis
#6
REVIEW
Federico Gobbi, Dora Buonfrate, Andrea Angheben, Anna Beltrame, Matteo Bassetti, Luca Bertolaccini, Giuseppe Bogina, Simone Caia, Silvia Duranti, Maria Gobbo, Valentina Marchese, Stefania Marocco, Maria Merelli, Geraldo Monteiro, Alberto Terzi, Zeno Bisoffi
Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease that can cause mainly hepatic and genitourinary damage, depending on the species. Involvement of the lungs has been commonly described in acute infection (Katayama syndrome) and chronic infection (pulmonary hypertension). Although rarely reported in the scientific literature, cases of lung nodules due to chronic schistosome infection are also possible and are probably more frequent than commonly thought. Here we report seven cases of African migrants who were diagnosed with chronic schistosomiasis and pulmonary nodules due to deposition of schistosome eggs, and we compare our findings to the case reports found in the scientific literature...
February 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197023/genitourinary-sarcoidosis-an-essential-review-for-the-practicing-clinician
#7
REVIEW
Norman L Block, Bruce R Kava
INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease that commonly involves the lungs, but may also present with extrapulmonary manifestations. Genitourinary (GU) tract involvement has been traditionally thought to be rare, but that view may underestimate the true prevalence of the disease due to the often, silent presentation thereof. METHODS: The literature pertaining to sarcoidosis from the general systemic point of view, etiology and therapy and with regard to specific organs was reviewed by identifying key words in a PubMed search...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185617/mycobacterium-kansasii
#8
James C Johnston, Leslie Chiang, Kevin Elwood
The incidence of Mycobacterium kansasii varies widely over time and by region, but this organism remains one of the most clinically relevant isolated species of nontuberculous mycobacteria. In contrast to other common nontuberculous mycobacteria, M. kansasii is infrequently isolated from natural water sources or soil. The major reservoir appears to be tap water. Infection is likely acquired through the aerosol route, with low infectivity in regions of endemicity. Human-to-human transmission is thought not to occur...
January 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104505/hospitalizations-for-communicable-diseases-in-a-developing-country-prevalence-and-trends-monastir-tunisia-2002-2013
#9
Manel Ben Fredj, Asma Sriha Belguith, Hela Abroug, Wafa Dhouib, Sana El Mhamdi, Arwa Ben Salah, Inès Bouanene, Amal Amara, Sana Bhiri, Mounira Sahtout, Chawki Loussaief, Mohamed Soussi Soltani
BACKGROUND: In spite of the epidemiological transition, communicable diseases remain a public health problem and represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in developing countries. This study aimed to determine the crude and standardized prevalence rates of hospitalizations for communicable disease (HCD) and to assess trends in HCD by age and sex at a university hospital in Tunisia over a period of 12 years (2002-2013). METHODS: All cases of HCD from 2002 to 2013 in the university hospital departments were included...
February 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847021/tuberculosis-of-the-glans-penis-mimicking-as-carcinoma
#10
Dawood Khan, Arpan Choudhary, Avisek Dutta, Imran Khan
Penile tuberculosis (TB) is an uncommon variety of genitourinary TB. It is either primary (via local spread) or secondary (spread of infection from other organs). We encountered a case of rapidly growing penile ulceration, resembling carcinoma. Biopsy revealed the classic picture of TB, which responded well to antitubercular treatment.
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843865/a-rare-case-of-isolated-testicular-tuberculosis-and-review-of-literature
#11
Anirban Das, Saikat Batabyal, Soumya Bhattacharjee, Amitabha Sengupta
Testicular tuberculosis (TB) is a rare form of genitourinary TB. It is usually presented as painful or painless testicular swelling with or without scrotal ulceration or discharging sinus. Infertility may occur. Epididymal involvement is usually seen in testicular TB. In most cases, genital TB is associated with TB involvement of kidneys or lower urinary tract. Ultrasound (USG) and USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology of testicular swelling confirm the diagnosis. Anti-TB chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment to ensure the complete resolution of the lesion...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762524/multifocal-tuberculosis
#12
Reeta James, S Avudaiappan, A Assistant Professor, Kumar Natarajan, S Chandrasekaran
Multifocal Tuberculosis represents the many faces of an age old disease. It is characterized by the presence of large multifocal tuberculous areas in same or different organs. A 50 year old male patient, presented with features suggestive of renal failure, low grade fever and cough with mucoid expectoration. He was found to have pulmonary TB, genitourinary TB and tuberculous lymphadenitis. He was started on antituberculous treatment to which he showed good response.
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719830/pulmonary-artery-invasion-caused-by-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#13
James Benjamin Gleason, Basheer Tashtoush, Jinesh Mehta, Edward Savage, Felipe Martinez, Atul C Mehta
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis refers to Mycobacterium tuberculosis involving organs other than the lungs (eg, pleura, lymph nodes, genitourinary tract, abdomen, skin, joints and bones, or meninges). In non-HIV-endemic areas, where reactivation is the predominant mechanism of tuberculosis, pleural involvement occurs in 4% of cases. We present an extremely rare case of a 62-year-old immunocompetent patient with pleural tuberculosis confirmed by surgical pleural biopsies, who presented with a large mediastinal mass and evidence of pulmonary artery invasion on CT scanning and endobronchial ultrasonography imaging, highlighting a unique and malignant-like character of the disease...
October 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536355/a-case-of-testicular-tuberculosis-mimicking-malignancy-in-a-healthy-young-man
#14
REVIEW
Sherly Abraham, Dora Ernestina Izaguirre Anariba, Kirandeep Dua, Mohammad Mir, Arvind Ankireddypalli
Genitourinary tuberculosis represents a form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis that occurs in the kidneys, ureters, seminal vesicles, prostate, testis, vas deferens, and epididymis. Isolated testicular involvement is unusual, and differential diagnosis includes testicular tumor, acute infection, infarction, and granulomatous infection. We report a case of a 36-year-old Ecuadorian man residing in New York, New York, who presented with a painful scrotal mass, weight loss, and purulent discharge from ulcerated lesion in scrotal area 10 years following his immigration to the United States...
June 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413691/disseminated-tuberculosis-with-prostatic-abscesses-in-an-immunocompromised-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Upasana Joneja, William R Short, Amity L Roberts
We describe a case of disseminated Mycobacterium tuberculosis (mTB) with prostatic abscess in a newly diagnosed HIV patient in the United States. The patient is a 34 year-old male who presented with respiratory symptoms and was diagnosed with HIV/AIDS complicated by disseminated mTB infection of the lungs, liver, and prostate. His prostate showed abscess formation on imaging that required drainage however he did not present with any genitourinary complaints. Our literature review revealed that prostatic involvement in mTB in the form of granulomatous prostatitis is uncommon; however, abscess formation is extremely rare and only few such cases have been published...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384842/chronic-kidney-disease-related-to-renal-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#16
Geraldo Bezerra da Silva, Luiz David Salles Brito, Samia Thabida de Oliveira Rabelo, Zenar Maria Ribeiro Mendes de Saboia
Genitourinary tuberculosis (TB) is the third most common form of extrapulmonary TB. A 34-year-old man with severe kidney function loss secondary to renal TB initially presented with urinary symptoms, including dysuria and polacyuria. The diagnosis was based on clinical history and laboratory tests; the urinalysis revealed acid-fast bacilli. The patient's condition stabilized after beginning TB-specific treatment, but the right kidney function loss persisted. Renal TB can lead to irreversible loss of renal function...
May 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222288/unmasking-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-a-report-of-tuberculous-epididymo-orchitis-mimicking-a-testicular-tumour-in-a-caucasian-aids-patient
#17
S Cherif, K Yoganathan, T Banks, R Abdulla
Worldwide, it is estimated that 14.8% of all new tuberculosis cases in adults are attributable to HIV infection. Genitourinary tuberculosis is a known complication and is considered to be a severe form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Isolated tuberculous epididymo-orchitis is rare. We report a Caucasian HIV-positive heterosexual male with a clinical diagnosis of testicular tumour for which he underwent a right orchidectomy. Tuberculous epididymo-orchitis was confirmed by histology. In this case, all Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) criteria were met...
January 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26970162/mortality-among-tuberculosis-cases-in-victoria-2002-2013-case-fatality-and-factors-associated-with-death
#18
K Dale, E Tay, P Trevan, J T Denholm
SETTING: The state of Victoria, Australia, is an industrialised setting with low tuberculosis (TB) incidence, universal health care and high levels of migration. OBJECTIVE: To assess case fatality rates (CFRs) and factors associated with death in a cohort of TB cases notified between 2002 and 2013. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. Cases who died untreated or during treatment were reviewed to determine whether TB was a primary cause of, contributed to or was unrelated to death...
April 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909199/renal-tuberculosis-presenting-as-a-mass-lesion-in-a-two-year-old-girl-report-of-a-rare-case
#19
Avradip Santra, Falguni Mandi, Abhishek Bandyopadhyay
Genitourinary tuberculosis usually occurs in young adults and the middle-aged and is very uncommon in the paediatric population. It generally presents with haematuria, pyuria, irritative voiding symptoms and flank pain; presentation as a renal mass is highly unusual. We report a two-year-old girl who was referred to the Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, India, in June 2014 with abdominal pain. Subsequent radiological investigations revealed a left renal hypoechoic mass lesion. A left nephroureterectomy was performed on suspicion of a Wilms' tumour...
February 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834416/primary-urinary-bladder-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-type-lymphoma-presenting-as-a-close-mimic-for-genitourinary-tuberculosis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
Ankit Kumar Jitani, Jaya Mishra, Stephen L Sailo, Vandana Raphael
Primary lymphoma of the urinary bladder is a rare entity. It has a distinctively different presentation than the urothelial carcinoma, which is the most common form of bladder cancer, but might mimic inflammatory lesions such as tubercular cystitis, clinically as well as radiologically. We present a case of primary extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of the bladder, which was a close mimicker of tuberculosis, leading to delay in diagnosis. We highlight the role of biopsy in prompt diagnosis of these cases. We emphasize on the high index of suspicion required to identify such cases at an early stage, which has pronounced prognostic implications...
January 2016: Urology Annals
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