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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144799/parathyroid-function-after-total-thyroidectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial-concerning-the-influence-of-the-surgical-technique
#1
Theodossis S Papavramidis, Olympia Anastasiou, Ioannis Pliakos, George Kotsovolis, Stavros Panidis, Antonios Michalopoulos
Background Thyroidectomy impairs parathyroid function, even if it does not necessarily lead to postoperative clinical hypocalcaemia. This study is prospective and evaluates the PTH function in non-clinically symptomatic patients after total thyroidectomy performed by two different techniques. Materials and Methods Prospective randomized clinical trial including 269 patients undergoing classic (group A) or harmonic scalpel (group B) total thyroidectomy. Preoperatively and at 48 hours biochemical analysis was performed...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144297/effect-of-reagents-used-during-detection-and-quantification-of-ascaris-suum-in-environmental-samples-on-egg-viability
#2
Isaac Dennis Amoah, Poovendhree Reddy, Thor Axel Stenström
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are a major health concern globally. Infection is mostly through contact with contaminated water, food or soil. Therefore to break the cycle of viable transmission STH eggs must be quantitatively detected in the environment. The effect of different reagents on the viability of Ascaris suum eggs during laboratory detection and quantification was assessed and different incubation solutions compared. Sulphuric acid gave a slightly higher recovery percentage of viable eggs (91...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144182/plasma-lyte-148-vs-hartmann-s-solution-for-cardiopulmonary-bypass-pump-prime-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-trial
#3
Laurence Weinberg, Elizabeth Chiam, James Hooper, Frank Liskaser, Angela Kim Hawkins, Denise Massie, Andrew Ellis, Chong O Tan, David Story, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of acid-base changes during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) remain unclear. We tested the hypothesis that, when used as CPB pump prime solutions, Plasma-Lyte 148 (PL) and Hartmann's solution (HS) have differential mechanisms of action in their contribution to acid-base changes. METHODS: We performed a prospective, double-blind, randomized trial in adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with CPB. Participants received a CPB prime solution of 2000 mL, with either PL or HS...
November 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140471/optimizing-the-electrical-conductivity-of-marinade-solution-for-water-holding-capacity-of-broiler-breast-meat
#4
P Kaewthong, S Wattanachant
This study explored the possibility of forecasting the performance of marinade solutions in improving the water-holding capacity (WHC; weight gain, drip loss, cooking loss, and total yield) of marinated broiler breast meat based upon the electrical conductivity (EC) of the marinade solution. Normal- (50 ≤ L* ≤ 56) and light-colored samples (L* > 56), obtained from a production line, were marinated with 1 to 6% sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), 0.5 to 3% sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP), 1 to 6% sodium chloride (NaCl), and 0...
November 11, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140426/development-and-validation-of-stereo-selective-method-for-the-separation-of-razoxane-enantiomers-in-hydrophilic-interaction-chromatography
#5
Ch Thirupathi, K Nagesh Kumar, G Srinivasu, Ch Lakshmi Narayana, Ch Parameswara Murthy
A novel sensitive and high throughput chiral hydrophilic interaction chromatographic (HILIC) method was developed to separate razoxane enantiomers namely levrazoxane (R-isomer) and dexrazoxane (DEX) in pharmaceutical active ingredient samples. A systematic chiral chromatographic screening system was employed in using multiple HPLC chromatographic modes on various polysaccharide based chiral columns to obtain a potential separation between enantiomers. HPLC separation was achieved using a mobile phase of aqueous 10 mM ammonium bicarbonate and mixture of organic modifiers (70/30, v/v) in the ratio of (5/95, v/v) on an immobilized polysaccharide based chiral stationary phase namely CHIRALPAK IE-3...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138972/stable-isotope-labeling-and-2-3-5-4-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucopyranoside-biosynthetic-pathway-characterization-in-fallopia-multiflora
#6
Wanxia Xia, Wen Rui, Wei Zhao, Shujing Sheng, Lei Lei, Yifan Feng, Shujin Zhao
The THSG biosynthetic pathway in F. multiflora was characterized, and enzymatic activities responsible for the resveratrol synthesis, hydroxylation, and glycosylation reactions involved in THSG biosynthesis were confirmed in vitro. The biosynthetic origin of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (THSG) and the enzymes involved in THSG biosynthesis in Fallopia multiflora were studied using stable isotope labeling and biocatalytic methods. UPLC-MS-based analyses were used to unravel the isotopologue composition of the biosynthetic intermediates and products, as well as to detect the products of the enzyme assay experiments...
November 14, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137593/central-pontine-myelinolysis-after-living-donor-liver-transplant-a-report-of-2-cases
#7
Ya-Lan Hsu, Chia-En Hsieh, Kuo-Hua Lin, Chen-Te Chou, Ping-Yi Lin, Su-Han Wang, Yao-Li Chen
Here, we present 2 patients who developed central pontine myelinolysis after living-donor liver transplant. Both patients had abnormal sodium level before living-donor liver transplant. Patient 1 presented with severe hyponatremia on admission. After administration of 3% saline, her sodium level during the first 24 hours was kept at 100 mEq/L and then increased to 116 mEq/L during the next 24 hours. The level increased 5.8 mEq/L during the 4- to 5-hour transplant procedure. Patient 2 was admitted to the hospital with an unprovoked seizure...
November 15, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137169/pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency-after-bariatric-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Miroslav Vujasinovic, Roberto Valente, Anders Thorell, Wiktor Rutkowski, Stephan L Haas, Urban Arnelo, Lena Martin, J-Matthias Löhr
Morbid obesity is a lifelong disease, and all patients require complementary follow-up including nutritional surveillance by a multidisciplinary team after bariatric procedures. Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) refers to an insufficient secretion of pancreatic enzymes and/or sodium bicarbonate. PEI is a known multifactorial complication after upper gastrointestinal surgery, and might constitute an important clinical problem due to the large number of bariatric surgical procedures in the world. Symptoms of PEI often overlap with sequelae of gastric bypass, making the diagnosis difficult...
November 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137134/an-overview-of-the-bacterial-carbonic-anhydrases
#9
REVIEW
Claudiu T Supuran, Clemente Capasso
Bacteria encode carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1) belonging to three different genetic families, the α-, β-, and γ-classes. By equilibrating CO₂ and bicarbonate, these metalloenzymes interfere with pH regulation and other crucial physiological processes of these organisms. The detailed investigations of many such enzymes from pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria afford the opportunity to design both novel therapeutic agents, as well as biomimetic processes, for example, for CO₂ capture. Investigation of bacterial CA inhibitors and activators may be relevant for finding antibiotics with a new mechanism of action...
November 11, 2017: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137091/the-effects-of-hypervolemic-infusion-on-microcirculation-perfusion-of-patients-during-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#10
Yunxin Deng, Qianlin Zhu, Buwei Yu, Minhua Zheng, Jue Jin
The aim of this study is to assess the effects of hypervolemic infusion with different solutions on microcirculation perfusion during laparoscopic colorectal surgery.Thirty-six patients were randomly divided into Ringer lactate solution [RL] group, succinylated gelatin injection [Gel] group, and hypertonic saline hydroxyethyl starch 40 injection [HS] group. Hypervolemic infusion was performed during the induction period of general anesthesia. Arterial blood-gas parameters, noninvasive hemodynamics, gastric tonometry values, and central venous pressure (CVP) were compared at baseline (T1); the end of hypervolemic infusion (T2); 5 min (T3), 15 min (T4), 30 min (T5), and 60 min (T6) during pneumoperitoneum; 5 min (T7), 15 min (T8), and 25 min (T9) after pneumoperitoneum...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137079/treatment-of-hypermyoglobinemia-after-crs-hipec-for-patients-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-a-retrospective-comparative-study
#11
Gang Liu, Zhong-He Ji, Yang Yu, Xin-Bao Li, Yan-Bin Zhang, Kai-Wen Peng, Yan Li
This retrospective comparative study aims to explore the time courses of serum myoglobin (Mb) changes, and summarize our experience in treating patients with hypermyoglobinemia after cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC).This study covered 60 patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis treated with CRS + HIPEC as the study group, and another 25 cancer patients treated with conventional extensive surgery without HIPEC as the control group from February to October 2016...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135345/localized-drug-release-and-effective-chemotherapy-by-hyperthermia-governed-bubble-generating-hybrid-nanocapsule-system
#12
Ke Kang, Jin Ma, Qiangying Yi, Zhongwei Gu
AIM: To build up a remote triggering drug delivery system with hyperthermia-responsive ammonium bicarbonate salt and investigate its effects on tumor therapy. MATERIALS & METHODS: This hybrid nanocapsule system was prepared by a different strategy, doxorubicin (DOX) was encapsulated in the heparin shell first and then ammonium bicarbonate was diffused into the nanocapsules to generate DOX-bicarbonate salt, its characterizations and effects on tumor therapy were investigated...
November 14, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134981/biochemical-hormonal-and-histological-changes-in-prostate-of-wistar-rats-following-long-term-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Bosede Popoola, Olivia Ashefor, Olubukola Akanni, Oluwatosin Adaramoye
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by hyperglycemia and endocrine disorder. Diabetes mellitus is knownto promote male infertility by affecting sperm quality through altered steroidogenesis. The role of prostatic fluid in maintenance of sperm quality have been established. However, the effect of DM on prostate health is poorly understood.This study was designed to investigate the biochemical, hormonal and histological changes in prostate of male Wistar ratsafter 3- and 5-months DM. Twenty-six adult male Wistar rats were assigned into three groups...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134523/effect-of-water-constituents-on-the-degradation-of-sulfaclozine-in-the-three-systems-uv-tio2-uv-k2s2o8-and-uv-tio2-k2s2o8
#14
Liliane Ismail, Corinne Ferronato, Ludovic Fine, Farouk Jaber, Jean-Marc Chovelon
Bicarbonate, phosphate, chloride ions, and humic substances are among the constituents most widely present in natural waters. These non-target constituents can greatly affect the efficiency of advanced oxidation processes used for water decontamination due to their capacity to interfere with the adsorption of the target compounds on the surface of TiO2, absorb photons, scavenge hydroxyl radicals (·OH), and generate photochemical reactive intermediates. In this work, the effect of these constituents on the degradation of sulfaclozine (SCL) was monitored in three different AOPs systems: UV/TiO2, UV/K2S2O8, and UV/TiO2/K2S2O8...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134448/hyperammonemia-associated-with-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-or-urinary-tract-infection-a-systematic-review
#15
Caterina M Clericetti, Gregorio P Milani, Sebastiano A G Lava, Mario G Bianchetti, Giacomo D Simonetti, Olivier Giannini
BACKGROUND: Hyperammonemia usually results from an inborn error of metabolism or from an advanced liver disease. Individual case reports suggest that both distal renal tubular acidosis and urinary tract infection may also result in hyperammonemia. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on hyperammonemia secondary to distal renal tubular acidosis and urinary tract infection was conducted. RESULTS: We identified 39 reports on distal renal tubular acidosis or urinary tract infections in association with hyperammonemia published between 1980 and 2017...
November 13, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131471/the-toxicological-effects-of-some-avermectins-on-goat-liver-carbonic-anhydrase-enzyme
#16
Cuneyt Caglayan, İlhami Gulcin
Avermectins are used worldwide as antiparasitic drugs in the field of veterinary medicine and as agricultural pesticides and insecticides. Carbonic anhydrase (CA, E.C. 4.2.1.1) is a zinc-containing metalloenzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) to yield protons (H(+) ) and bicarbonate (HCO3(-) ). In this study, some avermectins, including abamectin, doramectin, eprinomectin, and moxidectin, were investigated for in vitro inhibitory effects on the CA enzyme purified from goat liver, which was purified (125...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130810/outcomes-after-angiography-with-sodium-bicarbonate-and-acetylcysteine
#17
Steven D Weisbord, Martin Gallagher, Hani Jneid, Santiago Garcia, Alan Cass, Soe-Soe Thwin, Todd A Conner, Glenn M Chertow, Deepak L Bhatt, Kendrick Shunk, Chirag R Parikh, Edward O McFalls, Mary Brophy, Ryan Ferguson, Hongsheng Wu, Maria Androsenko, John Myles, James Kaufman, Paul M Palevsky
Background Intravenous sodium bicarbonate and oral acetylcysteine are widely used to prevent acute kidney injury and associated adverse outcomes after angiography without definitive evidence of their efficacy. Methods Using a 2-by-2 factorial design, we randomly assigned 5177 patients at high risk for renal complications who were scheduled for angiography to receive intravenous 1.26% sodium bicarbonate or intravenous 0.9% sodium chloride and 5 days of oral acetylcysteine or oral placebo; of these patients, 4993 were included in the modified intention-to-treat analysis...
November 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130577/factors-affecting-the-patency-of-arteriovenous-fistulas-for-hemodialysis-single-center-experience
#18
Radojica V Stolic, Goran Z Trajkovic, Mirjana M Kostic, Branko Mihailovic, Aleksandar N Jovanovic, Bratislav D Lazic, Ivana R Matijasević, Maša D Jaksić, Zlatica M Mirkovic, Tanja N Smilic, Javorka S Mitic
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred form vascular access for hemodialysis (HD), as they have a low rate of complications and durable function. The aim of our investigation was to analyze the factors that might influence the function of AVFs. METHODS: Data were taken from the computerized patient record system in the Clinic of Urology and Nephrology, Clinical Center, Kragujevac, Serbia, for a 2-year period. We analyzed patients who had requested re-creation of AVFs as a secondary procedure...
November 12, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128277/a-fast-sensitive-and-high-throughput-method-for-the-determination-of-esomeprazole-in-dog-plasma-by-uhplc-ms-ms-application-to-formulation-development-of-the-compound-preparation-of-esomeprazole
#19
Ran Liu, Pei Li, Jie Xiao, Yidi Yin, Zheng Sun, Kaishun Bi, Qing Li
To investigate deeply into the preclinical pharmacokinetics and prescription design of esomeprazole, a sensitive, high throughput and robust UHPLC-MS/MS method had been developed and fully validated for the analysis of esomeprazole in dog plasma. Esomeprazole and diazepam (IS) were fast extracted from plasma by alkalified organic solvent, and separated on MP-C18 column with methanol and 0.1% formic acid. The quantification of esomeprazole and IS had been achieved using fragmentation transitions of m/z 346.1→198...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127768/diabetic-ketoacidosis-hyperuricemia-and-encephalopathy-intractable-to-regular-dose-insulin
#20
Jillian Gregory, Sonali Basu
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children less than 1 year of age is a rare occurrence. Typical presentation includes a prodrome of weight loss and polyuria with subsequent presentation to medical care when acidosis becomes symptomatic. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an unusual case of a previously healthy infant with a 3 days' history of constipation, presenting acutely with abdominal pain, lethargy, and dehydration. On initial evaluation, our patient had profound encephalopathy, with marked tachypnea and work of breathing...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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