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Moral Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474696/situation-based-contingencies-underlying-wisdom-content-manifestations-examining-intellectual-humility-in-daily-life
#1
Corinne E Zachry, Le Vy Phan, Laura E R Blackie, Eranda Jayawickreme
Objectives: Existing assessments of intellectual humility (IH)-a key component of wisdom-do not examine its manifestation in daily life while sufficiently focusing on the core idea of the construct: owning up to one's intellectual shortcomings. The present research sought to examine situational contingencies underlying daily manifestations of IH-relevant characteristics. Methods: We developed a trait version of the State-Trait IH Scale in two studies and subsequently examined daily manifestations of IH-relevant characteristics utilizing a contextualized state version of the State-Trait IH Scale in a 21-day experience sampling study...
February 21, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473367/-the-relationship-between-acupuncture-moxibustion-theory-of-dou-hanqing-and-neo-confucianism
#2
Baojin Li, Longxiang Huang
For the construction factors of acupuncture-moxibustion theory of DOU Hanqing , a doctor in Jin-Yuan Dynasty, we studied his life, acupuncture-moxibustion theory and culture background in the History of Medicine and Philosophy of Science & Technology. It was found that the major source of DOU Hanqing ' s Confucianism was the CHENG - ZHU Neo-Confucianism. The data show that Neo-Confucianism played an important role in the enrichment of his human nature, spirit, moral cultivation and political talent, making him a scholar in the Jin - Yuan dynasty, also shaping his medical ethics, medical skill and acupuncture-moxibustion theory...
February 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472602/hpv-transformed-cells-exhibit-altered-hmgb1-tlr4-myd88-sarm1-signaling-axis
#3
Mirian Galliote Morale, Walason da Silva Abjaude, Aline Montenegro Silva, Luisa Lina Villa, Enrique Boccardo
Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in women worldwide. Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types is the main risk factor for the development of cervical cancer precursor lesions. HPV persistence and tumor development is usually characterized by innate immune system evasion. Alterations in Toll-like receptors (TLR) expression and activation may be important for the control of HPV infections and could play a role in the progression of lesions and tumors. In the present study, we analyzed the mRNA expression of 84 genes involved in TLR signaling pathways...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471814/moral-dilemmas-and-conflicts-concerning-patients-in-a-vegetative-state-unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome-shared-or-non-shared-decision-making-a-qualitative-study-of-the-professional-perspective-in-two-moral-case-deliberations
#4
Conny A M F H Span-Sluyter, Jan C M Lavrijsen, Evert van Leeuwen, Raymond T C M Koopmans
BACKGROUND: Patients in a vegetative state/ unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS) pose ethical dilemmas to those involved. Many conflicts occur between professionals and families of these patients. In the Netherlands physicians are supposed to withdraw life sustaining treatment once recovery is not to be expected. Yet these patients have shown to survive sometimes for decades. The role of the families is thought to be important. The aim of this study was to make an inventory of the professional perspective on conflicts in long-term care of patients in VS/UWS...
February 22, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470814/continuing-professional-development-in-maternal-health-care-barriers-to-applying-new-knowledge-and-skills-in-the-hospitals-of-rwanda
#5
Germaine Tuyisenge, Celestin Hategeka, Isaac Luginaah, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, David Cechetto, Stephen Rulisa
Objectives Training healthcare professionals in emergency maternal healthcare is a critical component of improving overall maternal health in developing countries like Rwanda. This paper explored the challenges that healthcare professionals who participated in a Continuing Professional Development (CPD) program on Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics® (ALSO) face in putting the learned knowledge and skills into practice in hospitals of Rwanda. Methods This study used a mixed methods approach to understand the challenges/barriers to applying new knowledge and skills in the hospitals of Rwanda...
February 22, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468293/salt-induced-ionic-liquid-based-microextraction-using-a-low-cytotoxic-guanidinium-ionic-liquid-and-liquid-chromatography-with-fluorescence-detection-to-determine-monohydroxylated-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-urine
#6
Idaira Pacheco-Fernández, Verónica Pino, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Juan H Ayala, Ana M Afonso
A novel ionic liquid (IL)-based microextraction method has been developed for the determination of four hydroxylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OHPAHs) in urine samples. The water soluble IL-based surfactant selected as extraction solvent is decylguanidinium chloride (C10 Gu-Cl), the cytotoxicity and micellar behavior of which were evaluated. The proposed salt-induced IL-based preconcentration method simply consists in adding NaClO4 to the aqueous medium containing the IL to promote its water insolubility...
February 22, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467690/the-role-of-book-features-in-young-children-s-transfer-of-information-from-picture-books-to-real-world-contexts
#7
REVIEW
Gabrielle A Strouse, Angela Nyhout, Patricia A Ganea
Picture books are an important source of new language, concepts, and lessons for young children. A large body of research has documented the nature of parent-child interactions during shared book reading. A new body of research has begun to investigate the features of picture books that support children's learning and transfer of that information to the real world. In this paper, we discuss how children's symbolic development, analogical reasoning, and reasoning about fantasy may constrain their ability to take away content information from picture books...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467561/development-of-a-participatory-capacity-building-program-for-congregational-health-leaders-in-african-american-churches-in-the-us-south
#8
Mercedes M Morales-Alemán, Artisha Moore, Isabel C Scarinci
African Americans are disproportionately affected by diabetes and colorectal cancer. Although studies have shown the effectiveness of spiritually based health interventions delivered by community health workers to African Americans, few have described the development of the capacity-building component. This article describes this process. The development of the Healthy Congregations Healthy Communities Program (HCHC) was guided through a community-based participatory research lens and included: 1) establishment of a community coalition; 2) identification by coalition members of churches as the best venues for health promotion strategies among African Americans; 3) recruitment of churches; 4) development of a training manual; 5) recruitment and training of congregational health leaders (CHLs); and 6) "Passing of the torch" from the coalition to the CHLs who implemented the intervention in their congregations...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465176/nurses-experiences-of-providing-care-to-bereaved-families-who-experience-unexpected-death-in-intensive-care-units-a-narrative-overview
#9
Aalia Shariff, Joanne Olson, Anna Santos Salas, Lisa Cranley
BACKGROUND: Death is a common occurrence in intensive care units (IC Us) and the complexity of care makes it difficult for nurses to find a balance between the patient's physical needs and the family's emotional needs, especially in circumstances of unexpected death. Cumulative or unresolved grief for families can have lasting negative repercussions. Nurses, therefore, need access to bereavement education in order to provide optimal- bereavement support. PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to identify challenges and facilitators that nurses experience in delivering bereavement support during and after sudden or unexpected death in ICUs...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Critical Care Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465105/communicating-with-a-human-voice-developing-a-relational-model-of-empathy
#10
D Jeffrey
The medical profession has adopted a cognitive model of empathy, or detached concern, in its professionalism and practice. As a consequence there is now an empathy gap which has been demonstrated by lapses in patient care in the UK. There may also be an empathy gap developing in medical students during their training. This paper argues for the adoption of a relational view of empathy which embraces emotional and moral dimensions of the concept, acknowledges the importance of the clinical context and prioritises the relationship between the doctor and patient...
September 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463754/translational-control-in-the-tumor-microenvironment-promotes-lung-metastasis-phosphorylation-of-eif4e-in-neutrophils
#11
Nathaniel Robichaud, Brian E Hsu, Roman Istomine, Fernando Alvarez, Julianna Blagih, Eric H Ma, Sebastian V Morales, David L Dai, Glenn Li, Margarita Souleimanova, Qianyu Guo, Sonia V Del Rincon, Wilson H Miller, Santiago Ramón Y Cajal, Morag Park, Russell G Jones, Ciriaco A Piccirillo, Peter M Siegel, Nahum Sonenberg
The translation of mRNAs into proteins serves as a critical regulatory event in gene expression. In the context of cancer, deregulated translation is a hallmark of transformation, promoting the proliferation, survival, and metastatic capabilities of cancer cells. The best-studied factor involved in the translational control of cancer is the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E). We and others have shown that eIF4E availability and phosphorylation promote metastasis in mouse models of breast cancer by selectively augmenting the translation of mRNAs involved in invasion and metastasis...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462210/snp-markers-tightly-linked-to-root-knot-nematode-resistance-in-grapevine-vitis-cinerea-identified-by-a-genotyping-by-sequencing-approach-followed-by-sequenom-massarray-validation
#12
Harley M Smith, Brady P Smith, Norma B Morales, Sam Moskwa, Peter R Clingeleffer, Mark R Thomas
Plant parasitic nematodes, including root knot nematode Meloidogyne species, cause extensive damage to agriculture and horticultural crops. As Vitis vinifera cultivars are susceptible to root knot nematode parasitism, rootstocks resistant to these soil pests provide a sustainable approach to maintain grapevine production. Currently, most of the commercially available root knot nematode resistant rootstocks are highly vigorous and take up excess potassium, which reduces wine quality. As a result, there is a pressing need to breed new root knot nematode resistant rootstocks, which have no impact on wine quality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460561/modified-moral-distress-scale-mds-11-validation-study-among-italian-nurses
#13
Sondra Badolamenti, Roberto Fida, Valentina Biagioli, Rosario Caruso, Francesco Zaghini, Alessandro Sili, Teresa Rea
BACKGROUND: Moral distress (MD) has significant implications on individual and organizational health. However there is a lack of an instrument to assess it among Italian nurses. AIM: The main aim of this study was to validate a brief instrument to assess MD, developed from the Corley's Moral Distress Scale (MDS). METHOD: The modified MDS scale was subjected to content and cultural validity. The scale was administered to 347 nurses. Psychometric analysis were performed to assess construct validity...
October 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460499/implications-of-odera-oruka-s-ethics-of-consumerism-for-reducing-globesity
#14
Ademola Kazeem Fayemi
In this paper, I advance Odera Oruka's insights on the ethics of consumerism in order to draw relevant implications of his thoughts on rethinking the problem of obesity. I argue that Oruka's ethics of consumerism and his right to human minimum theory entail some salient ideas that might serve as a better ethical model for reducing the global obesity prevalence. Though Oruka's African moral philosophy is yet to receive universal attention it arguably deserves, the interests of the international and 'globesity' community would be better served learning from the contributions of an African moral theory to contemporary bioethical discourse on obesity...
February 20, 2018: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460081/critiquing-the-reasons-for-making-artificial-moral-agents
#15
Aimee van Wynsberghe, Scott Robbins
Many industry leaders and academics from the field of machine ethics would have us believe that the inevitability of robots coming to have a larger role in our lives demands that robots be endowed with moral reasoning capabilities. Robots endowed in this way may be referred to as artificial moral agents (AMA). Reasons often given for developing AMAs are: the prevention of harm, the necessity for public trust, the prevention of immoral use, such machines are better moral reasoners than humans, and building these machines would lead to a better understanding of human morality...
February 19, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459996/robotic-surgery-in-public-hospitals-of-latin-america-a-castle-of-sand
#16
Fernando P Secin, Rafael Coelho, Juan I Monzó Gardiner, Jose Gadú Campos Salcedo, Roberto Puente, Levin Martínez, Diana Finkelstein, Rair Valero, Antonio León, Daniel Angeloni, José Rozanec, Milton Berger, Leandro Totti Cavazzola, Eliney Ferreira Faria, Roberto Días Machado, Felipe Lott, Franz Campos, Jorge G Morales Montor, Carlos Sánchez Moreno, Hugo Dávila Barrios
INTRODUCTION: There is no information about the evolution of robotic programs in public hospitals of Latin-America. OBJECTIVE: To describe the current status and functioning of robotic programs in Latin-American public hospitals since their beginning to date. METHODS: We conducted a survey among leading urologists working at public hospitals of Latin-America who had acquired the Da Vinci laparoscopic-assisted robotic system. Questions included: date the program started, its utilization by other services, number and kind of surgeries, surgery paying system, surgery related deaths, occurrence and reasons of robotic program interruptions and its use for training purposes...
February 19, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459193/personal-domains-assessed-in-multiple-mini-interviews-mmis-for-healthcare-student-selection-a-narrative-synthesis-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Alison Callwood, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Grigorios Kotronoulas, Annegret Schneider, Liane Lewis, Vishna Devi Nadarajah
OBJECTIVES: To examine the personal domains multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are being designed to assess, explore how they were determined and contextualise such domains in current and future healthcare student selection processes DESIGN: A systematic review of empirical research reporting on MMI model design was conducted from database inception to November 2017. DATA SOURCES: Twelve electronic bibliographic databases. REVIEW METHODS: Evidence was extracted from original studies, and integrated in a narrative synthesis guided by the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457234/community-engagement-and-field-trials-of-genetically-modified-insects-and-animals
#18
Carolyn P Neuhaus
New techniques for the genetic modification of organisms are creating new strategies for addressing persistent public health challenges. For example, the company Oxitec has conducted field trials internationally-and has attempted to conduct field trials in the United States-of a genetically modified mosquito that can be used to control dengue, Zika, and some other mosquito-borne diseases. In 2016, a report commissioned by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine discussed the potential benefits and risks of another strategy, using gene drives...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454900/immunohistochemical-investigation-of-predictors-of-response-or-agressivity-of-bowen-disease-after-photodynamic-therapy
#19
M Fernández-Guarino, M L González Morales, Israel Bernal, A I Sánchez Adrada, Sandra Pierri Ugia, J Barrio Garde
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a good option for the treatment of Bowen's disease (BD) but, BD occasionally develops into a squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) after PDT. OBJECTIVE: Find predictors of aggressiveness of BD after PDT METHODS: Two biopsies of patients with BD treated with PDT with progression to SCC within three months were selected for immunohistochemical (IHC) studies. Conventional PDT was applied. IHC analysis was performed together with hematoxylin-eosin in the biopsies prior to and after treatment with PDT...
February 15, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454636/incisional-hernia-prevention-and-use-of-mesh-a-narrative-review
#20
Pilar Hernández-Granados, Manuel López-Cano, Salvador Morales-Conde, Filip Muysoms, Josep García-Alamino, José Antonio Pereira-Rodríguez
Incisional hernias are a very common problem, with an estimated incidence around 15-20% of all laparotomies. Evisceration is another important problem, with a lower rate (2.5-3%) but severe consequences for patients. Prevention of both complications is an essential objective of correct patient treatment due to the improved quality of life and cost savings. This narrative review intends to provide an update on incisional hernia and evisceration prevention. We analyze the current criteria for proper abdominal wall closure and the possibility to add prosthetic reinforcement in certain cases requiring it...
February 14, 2018: Cirugía Española
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