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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430848/an-assessment-of-the-accuracy-of-home-blood-pressure-monitors-when-used-in-device-owners
#1
Jennifer S Ringrose, Gina Polley, Donna McLean, Ann Thompson, Fraulein Morales, Raj Padwal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the accuracy of home blood pressure (BP) devices, on their owners, compared to auscultatory reference standard BP measurements. METHODS: Eighty-five consecutive consenting subjects ≥18 years of age, who owned an oscillometric home BP device (wrist or upper-arm device), with BP levels between 80-220/50-120 mm Hg, and with arm circumferences between 25-43 cm were studied. Pregnancy and atrial fibrillation were exclusion criteria. Device measurements from each subject's home BP device were compared to simultaneous 2-observer auscultation using a mercury sphygmomanometer...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430569/courage-and-compassion-virtues-in-caring-for-so-called-difficult-patients
#2
Michael Hawking, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
What, if anything, can medical ethics offer to assist in the care of the "difficult" patient? We begin with a discussion of virtue theory and its application to medical ethics. We conceptualize the "difficult" patient as an example of a "moral stress test" that especially challenges the physician's character, requiring the good physician to display the virtues of courage and compassion. We then consider two clinical vignettes to flesh out how these virtues might come into play in the care of "difficult" patients, and we conclude with a brief proposal for how medical educators might cultivate these essential character traits in physicians-in-training...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429461/deodorization-of-arthrospira-platensis-biomass-for-further-scale-up-food-applications
#3
Sara P Cuellar-Bermúdez, Bertha Barba-Davila, Sergio O Serna-Saldivar, Roberto Parra-Saldivar, José Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Sandra Morales-Davila, Koen Goiris, Koenraad Muylaert, Cristina Chuck-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of A. platensis as a potential food protein source, we achieve an affordable deodorization process that does not significantly affect the nutritional value of algae biomass. RESULTS: Ethanol, acetone or hexane were used to deodorize algae biomass and then to identify the profile of volatile compounds associated with its distinctive odor. Sensorial characteristics were improved in the biomass cake after the proposed solvent extraction...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423419/temperature-dependent-biological-and-demographic-parameters-of-coleomegilla-maculata-coleoptera-coccinellidae
#4
Juan A Morales-Ramos, M Guadalupe Rojas
Knowledge of the most suitable environmental conditions for an organism growth and development is a prerequisite for developing mass rearing technology. The temperature requirements for development and the optimal range of temperatures for growth and reproduction of Coleomegilla maculata De Geer were studied. The development time of individual C. maculata larvae was determined at 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, and 36 °C. Development times were converted to development rates and fitted to a nonlinear temperature-dependent model and to the linear day-degree model...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421379/role-of-taxanes-in-chemotherapy-related-cognitive-impairment-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#5
Noemí Cerulla, Àngels Arcusa, José-Blas Navarro, Maite Garolera, Cristina Enero, Glòria Chico, Luís Fernández-Morales
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to elucidate the role of taxanes on cognition when they are administered as a part of the treatment with a fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (FEC) regimen for breast cancer (BC). METHODS: Two groups of women (n = 51) with a novel diagnostic of BC that were treated with a combination of FEC alone (6 cycles of FEC) or with taxanes (4 cycles of FEC plus 8 cycles of taxanes) were compared at three moments: before chemotherapy, after its completion (short-term evaluation) and at a mean of 74...
April 18, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419272/insecticidal-and-behavioral-avoidance-responses-of-anopheles-minimus-and-culex-quinquefasciatus-diptera-culicidae-to-three-synthetic-repellents
#6
Wasana Boonyuan, Sunaiyana Sathantriphop, Krajana Tainchum, Vithee Muenworn, Atchariya Prabaripai, Michael J Bangs, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap
Escape responses, knockdown (KD), and toxicity of laboratory strains of Anopheles minimus Theobald and Culex quinquefasciatus Say to three synthetic mosquito repellents, DEET (N, N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide), IR3535, or picaridin, at 5% v/v concentrations, were evaluated using repellent-treated papers in standard WHO tube assays and an excito-repellency (ER) test chamber system. The tube assays recorded knockdown effects of each repellent immediately after 30-min exposure and the final morality following a 24-h holding period...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413760/synthesis-of-c2-symmetric-diphosphormonoamidites-and-their-use-as-ligands-in-rh-catalyzed-hydroformylation-relationships-between-activity-and-hydrolysis-stability
#7
Galina Morales Torres, Stephan Behrens, Dirk Michalik, Detlef Selent, Anke Spannenberg, Susan Lühr, Katrin Marie Dyballa, Robert Franke, Armin Börner
A series of diphosphoramidites has been synthetized with a piperazine, homopiperazine, and an acyclic 1,2-diamine unit in the backbone. New compounds were tested alongside related N-acyl phosphoramidites as ligands in the Rh-catalyzed hydroformylation of n-octenes to investigate their influence on the activity and regioselectivity. A subsequent study of their hydrolysis stability revealed that the most stable ligands induced the highest activity in the catalytic reaction.
April 2017: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410878/efficacy-of-laronidase-therapy-in-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-i-who-initiated-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-adult-age-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Jordi Pérez-López, Montserrat Morales-Conejo, Mónica López-Rodríguez, Álvaro Hermida-Ameijeiras, Marc Moltó-Abad
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of starting enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) in adults with Muchopolysaccharidosis Type I (MPS-I) is controversial. Evaluating the benefits reported by patients initiating ERT with laronidase at adult age might help physicians decide whether the use of ERT in these patients is worthwhile from a clinical point of view. OBJECTIVE: To assess every effectiveness variable modified in MPS-I patients who initiated laronidase at adult age. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature, from inception to July 2016, was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL and LILACS to identify randomized trials or observational studies including ≥1 MPS-I patients with ERT initiated in adult age (≥18years) and evaluating ERT efficacy...
April 9, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408601/semantics-derived-automatically-from-language-corpora-contain-human-like-biases
#9
Aylin Caliskan, Joanna J Bryson, Arvind Narayanan
Machine learning is a means to derive artificial intelligence by discovering patterns in existing data. Here, we show that applying machine learning to ordinary human language results in human-like semantic biases. We replicated a spectrum of known biases, as measured by the Implicit Association Test, using a widely used, purely statistical machine-learning model trained on a standard corpus of text from the World Wide Web. Our results indicate that text corpora contain recoverable and accurate imprints of our historic biases, whether morally neutral as toward insects or flowers, problematic as toward race or gender, or even simply veridical, reflecting the status quo distribution of gender with respect to careers or first names...
April 14, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406697/how-do-we-love-romantic-love-style-in-men-is-related-to-lower-testosterone-levels
#10
J Babková Durdiaková, P Celec, I Koborová, T Sedláčková, G Minárik, D Ostatníková
Testosterone has been widely investigated in associations with many aspects of social interactions, emotions and behavior. No research has been conducted on its contribution to the variability of love styles in human. The aim of this paper was to uncover the possible relationship between not only the actual plasma testosterone levels, but also the prenatal testosterone level (expressed as 2D:4D ratio) and the sensitivity of androgen receptor and love typology in young heathy men. There are six love styles which are primary including Eros (passionate romantic love), Ludus (playful) and Storge (friendly) and secondary love consisting of Mania (obsessive), Pragma (practical realistic) and Agape (altruistic)...
April 12, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402436/repellency-of-29-synthetic-and-natural-commercial-topical-insect-repellents-against-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae-in-central-mexico
#11
Pablo A Kuri-Morales, Fabián Correa-Morales, Cassandra González-Acosta, Gustavo Sánchez-Tejeda, Miguel Moreno-Garcia, Eduardo Dávalos-Becerril, Marissa F Juárez-Franco, José Ismael Benitez-Alva, Jesús F González-Roldán
In Mexico, the use of repellents to prevent insects from landing and biting is a common practice. However, variation in the efficiency of natural and synthetic repellents has been observed. In this study, we evaluated the repellency and protection time of 16 synthetic and 13 natural-based commercial products against Aedes aegypti (L.) from an endemic dengue area (Jojutla, Morelos) in Central Mexico. The "arm exposure" cage test was used to assess the efficacy of the repellents. Tests were conducted by three adult volunteers...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400850/validity-assessment-of-the-promis-fatigue-domain-among-people-living-with-hiv
#12
L E Gibbons, R Fredericksen, D S Batey, L Dant, T C Edwards, K H Mayer, W C Mathews, L S Morales, M J Mugavero, F M Yang, E Paez, M M Kitahata, D L Patrick, H M Crane, P K Crane
PURPOSE: To evaluate psychometric characteristics and cross-sectional and longitudinal validity of the 7-item PROMIS(®) Fatigue Short Form and additional fatigue items among people living with HIV (PLWH) in a nationally distributed network of clinics collecting patient reported data at the time of routine clinical care. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal fatigue data were collected from September 2012 through April 2013 across clinics participating in the Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems (CNICS)...
2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399938/validity-assessment-of-the-promis-fatigue-domain-among-people-living-with-hiv
#13
L E Gibbons, R Fredericksen, D S Batey, L Dant, T C Edwards, K H Mayer, W C Mathews, L S Morales, M J Mugavero, F M Yang, E Paez, M M Kitahata, D L Patrick, H M Crane, P K Crane
PURPOSE: To evaluate psychometric characteristics and cross-sectional and longitudinal validity of the 7-item PROMIS(®) Fatigue Short Form and additional fatigue items among people living with HIV (PLWH) in a nationally distributed network of clinics collecting patient reported data at the time of routine clinical care. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal fatigue data were collected from September 2012 through April 2013 across clinics participating in the Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems (CNICS)...
April 11, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397109/increasing-frequency-of-seborrheic-keratosis-diagnoses-as-a-favorable-consequence-of-teledermatology-based-skin-cancer-screening-a-cross-sectional-study-of-34-553-patients
#14
David Moreno-Ramírez, Jesús Raya-Maldonado, Macarena Morales-Conde, Teresa Ojeda-Vila, Francisco J Martín-Gutiérrez, Andrés Ruíz-de-Casas, Almudena Fernández-Orland, Herrerías-Esteban Jm, Lara Ferrándiz
BACKGROUND: Screening of skin cancer by teledermatology (TD) has improved the early detection of skin cancer by enhancing access to skin cancer clinics. OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyze how TD-based skin cancer screening has changed the frequency of consultations for benign lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study including teleconsultations received during a 7-year period was conducted to analyze and compare the trendlines of each lesion type over the study period...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397029/introduction-to-moral-and-other-laboratories
#15
EDITORIAL
Teresa Kuan, Lone Grøn
"Moral (and other) laboratories" is a special issue that draws on Cheryl Mattingly's notion of the "moral laboratory" to explore the uncanny interface between laboratory ethnography and moral anthropology, and to examine the relationship between experience and experiment. We ask whether laboratory work may provoke new insights about experimental practices in other social spaces such as homes, clinics, and neighborhoods, and conversely, whether the study of morality may provoke new insights about laboratory practices as they unfold in the day-to-day interactions between test tubes, animals, apparatuses, scientists, and technicians...
April 10, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394781/patterns-of-brain-oscillations-across-different-electrode-montages-in-transcranial-pulsed-current-stimulation
#16
Alejandra C Vasquez, Aurore Thibaut, Leon Morales-Quezada, Jorge Leite, Felipe Fregni
Transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS) is a neuromodulatory technique that has been studied in the last decade. Several parameters have been assessed independently to optimize the effects. Our aim was to explore the effects of tPCS using different montages on cortical brain oscillations indexed by power spectrum and interhemispheric coherence in different electroencephalography frequency bands. Twenty healthy individuals were randomized to receive either active tPCS or sham intervention using the following bilateral montages: ear clip (conventional), ear hook, or mastoid placement...
April 7, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393985/-importance-of-respiratory-virus-in-immunocompetent-adult-patients-hospitalized-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#17
Fernando Saldías Peñafiel, Marcos Ortega Gutiérrez, Gino Fuentes López, José Manuel Elola Aránguiz, Javier Uribe Monasterio, Arturo Morales Soto, Orlando Díaz Patiño
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a relevant worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality in adult population, however its etiology is often not identified and therapy is empirical. AIM: To assess the etiology of CAP in immunocompetent adult hospitalized patients using conventional and molecular diagnostic methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 240 adult patients who were hospitalized for CAP to identify the microbial etiology...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389810/perineural-spread-susceptible-structures-a-non-pathological-evaluation-of-the-skull-base
#18
Francisco J Barrera-Flores, Natalia Villarreal-Del Bosque, Alejandro Díaz González-Colmenero, Carolina Garza-González, Rodolfo Morales-Ávalos, Ricardo Pinales-Razo, Guillermo Elizondo-Riojas, Santos Guzmán-López, Rodrigo E Elizondo-Omaña
Perineural spread adenoid cystic carcinoma can alter the dimension of foramina and canals of the skull base. The objective of this study was to determine the range of normal variation of the foramina and canals of both hemicranium. We analyzed 200 individuals with no alterations of the skull base in a retrospective manner using high-resolution computed tomography. We measured the short and long axis diameters of the foramen rotundum (FR), foramen ovale (FO), stylomastoid foramen (SMF), pterygoid canal (PTC), internal auditory canal (IAC), and the facial nerve canal in its labyrinthine portion (LPFC) to calculate the area in each hemicranium, compare them and obtain the normal range of asymmetry...
April 7, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388968/ignoring-alarming-news-brings-indifference-learning-about-the-world-and-the-self
#19
Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Eldar Shafir, Sherry Jueyu Wu
The broadcast of media reports about moral crises such as famine can subtly depress rather than activate moral concern. Whereas much research has examined the effects of media reports that people attend to, social psychological analysis suggests that what goes unattended can also have an impact. We test the idea that when vivid news accounts of human suffering are broadcast in the background but ignored, people infer from their choice to ignore these accounts that they care less about the issue, compared to those who pay attention and even to those who were not exposed...
April 4, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388303/the-detrimental-effects-of-oxytocin-induced-conformity-on-dishonesty-in-competition
#20
Gökhan Aydogan, Andrea Jobst, Kimberlee D'Ardenne, Norbert Müller, Martin G Kocher
Justifications may promote unethical behavior because they constitute a convenient loophole through which people can gain from immoral behavior and preserve a positive self-image at the same time. A justification that is widely used is rooted in conformity: Unethical choices become more permissible because one's peers are expected to make the same unethical choices. In the current study, we tested whether an exogenous alteration of conformity led to a lower inclination to adhere to a widely accepted norm (i...
April 1, 2017: Psychological Science
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