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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054903/barriers-to-safe-abortion-access-uterine-rupture-as-complication-of-unsafe-abortion-in-a-ugandan-girl
#1
Rose McKeon Olson, Solomon Kamurari
A 15-year-old girl at 18 weeks gestation by the last menstrual period presented to a rural Ugandan healthcare facility for termination of her pregnancy as a result of rape by her uncle. Skilled healthcare workers at the facility refused to provide the abortion due to fear of legal repercussions. The patient subsequently obtained an unsafe abortion by vaginal insertion of local herbs and sharp objects. She developed profuse vaginal bleeding and haemorrhagic shock. She was found to have uterine rupture and emergent hysterectomy was performed...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053912/community-based-screening-of-hepatitis-c-with-a-one-step-rna-detection-algorithm-from-dried-blood-spots-analysis-of-key-populations-in-barcelona-spain
#2
V Saludes, C Folch, A Morales-Carmona, L Ferrer, L Fernández, R Muñoz, M Jiménez, E Loureiro, P Fernández-Dávila, E Bascuñana, J Casabona, E Martró
Alternative strategies are required to enhance the diagnosis of silent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in hard-to-reach key populations at risk. Among them, HCV prevalence and bio-behavioural data is scarce for HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) and men and trans-women sex workers. We sought to describe and assess the potential benefits of a community-based one-step HCV screening and confirmatory strategy for these populations in Barcelona. The screening strategy based on a real-time RT-PCR assay for HCV-RNA detection in dried-blood spots (DBS) was validated and implemented in addition to an antibody point-of-care test in a community centre...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053524/nursing-humanities-teaching-for-a-sense-of-salience
#3
Fidelindo Lim, Matthew John Marsaglia
Reports have indicated that nursing programs in the United States are not generally effective in teaching nursing science, natural science, the social sciences, and the humanities. The value of the lifelong study of humanities for nurses is the invitation for contemplation on the human experience so we can make informed moral, spiritual, and intellectual sense of the world. In essence, when we understand, we become more empathetic. This article adds to the call for teaching for a sense of salience in nursing through the meaningful synthesis of humanities in baccalaureate education...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053387/facebook-false-self-presentation-behaviors-and-negative-mental-health
#4
Elizabeth J Wright, Katherine M White, Patricia L Obst
As research examining what constitutes Facebook false self-presentation is lacking, the aim of this study was to develop a preliminary inventory of Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as identify predictors and possible outcomes. Participants (N = 211) completed questions regarding frequency of engagement in Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as self-esteem, social influences, motivation strategies, well-being, depression, anxiety, and stress. Results indicated the presence of two distinct false self-presentation behaviors: lying (e...
October 20, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052246/food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-by-fish-not-necessarily-a-restricted-diet
#5
S Infante, G Marco-Martín, M Sánchez-Domínguez, A Rodríguez-Fernández, V Fuentes-Aparicio, A Alvarez-Perea, P Cabrera-Freitag, C Morales-Cabeza, J M Zubeldia, L Zapatero
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity usually due to cow's milk or soy. Recent researches show that fish is one of the most important triggers of FPIES in the Mediterranean countries. Due to the risk of multiple-food-FPIES, avoiding foods in the same category or that often occur together may be reasonable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the evolution and follow-up of FPIES related to fish over a period of 20 years. We describe the clinical features of our population, discuss different approaches to oral food challenges and analyse the possibility of introducing the culprit fish or other non-related fish in order to avoid unnecessary restricted diets...
October 20, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052146/enzymatic-activity-induction-of-gst-family-isoenzymes-from-pesticide-mixture-used-in-floriculture
#6
Fernando Mejia-Sanchez, Laura Patricia Montenegro-Morales, Julieta Castillo-Cadena
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) comprise a number of genes that codify for a group of isoenzymes that participate in phase II xenobiotic detoxification by means of conjugation with glutathione, producing hydrosoluble compounds. It has been demonstrated that some pesticides are substrates for GST isoenzymes. Floriculture is one of the main economic activities in the municipalities of Villa Guerrero and Atlacomulco; pesticides, applied as mixtures, are intensively used in this activity. In this study, total GST enzymatic activity and glutathione S-transferases theta 1 (GSTT1) enzymatic activity were calculated for a group of floriculture workers exposed to pesticides and for an unexposed group...
October 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052107/aspects-of-morality-and-law-enforcement-in-today-s-science-in-post-soviet-countries
#7
Jana Kliestikova, Tomas Kliestik, Maria Misankova, Tatiana Corejova, Anna Krizanova
Many reports independently confirm that even more than a quarter of a century after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the results of research and development in those countries that were under its influence are insufficient in comparison to the rest of the world. Given that human intelligence is not distributed unevenly and that science is a powerful driving force for the future of an economy, there is a hidden problem, which, if it can be resolved, may release great economic potential. The first generation of researchers from Armenia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Slovakia and Ukraine, who successfully completed their education after the political revolution, were surveyed...
October 20, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051630/adolescent-misconduct-behaviors-a-cross-cultural-perspective-of-adolescents-and-their-parents
#8
Marie S Tisak, John Tisak, Yiwei Chen, Qijuan Fang, Erin R Baker
The primary goal of the current study was to examine cultural differences in Chinese and U.S. adolescents' and parents' perceptions and evaluations of adolescent misconduct behaviors. A total of 395 U.S. and Chinese adolescents (ages 11-19 years) and 255 parents participated in this study. Each participant generated adolescent misconduct behaviors and rated each misconduct behavior as to the degree of wrongness. The misconduct behaviors were coded into 10 categories across three themes (moral offenses, drugs, and conventions)...
2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051532/ccaat-enhancer-binding-protein-%C3%AE-silencing-mitigates-glial-activation-and-neurodegeneration-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Jose A Morales-Garcia, Elena Gine, Elena Hernandez-Encinas, Diana Aguilar-Morante, Ana Sierra-Magro, Marina Sanz-SanCristobal, Sandra Alonso-Gil, Raul Sanchez-Lanzas, Jose G Castaño, Angel Santos, Ana Perez-Castillo
The CCAAT/Enhancer binding protein β (C/EBPβ) is a transcription factor involved in numerous physiological as well as pathological conditions in the brain. However, little is known regarding its possible role in neurodegenerative disorders. We have previously shown that C/EBPβ regulates the expression of genes involved in inflammatory processes and brain injury. Here, we have analyzed the effects of C/EBPβ interference in dopaminergic cell death and glial activation in the 6-hydroxydopamine model of Parkinson's disease...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049193/efficacy-and-safety-of-immunomodulatory-drugs-in-patients-with-anterior-uveitis-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Alejandro Gómez-Gómez, Estíbaliz Loza, Maria Piedad Rosario, Gerard Espinosa, José M García Ruiz de Morales, Jose M Herreras, Santiago Muñoz-Fernández, Miguel Cordero-Coma
BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy and safety of immunomodulatory drugs in patients with noninfectious anterior uveitis (AU). METHODS: Systematic review of studies were retrieved from Medline (1961 to March 2016), Embase (1961 to March 2016), and Cochrane Library (up to March 2016), and a complementary hand search was also performed. The selection criteria were as follows: (population) noninfectious AU patients, adults; (intervention) immunomodulatory drugs (any dose, regimen, route of administration, duration of treatment); (outcome) control of inflammation, steroid-sparing effect, AU flares, adverse events, and so on; (study design) systematic literature reviews, randomized controlled trials, and observational studies...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049157/moral-distress-and-associated-factors-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-multi-site-descriptive-study
#11
Juliana Peluso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048947/emergence-of-mcr-1-producing-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-from-retail-meat-first-detection-in-brazil
#12
Renata Batista Rau, Daiana de Lima-Morales, Priscila Lamb Wink, Aldemir Reginato Ribeiro, Andreza Francisco Martins, Afonso Luis Barth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048476/burnout-in-nurses-working-with-youth-with-chronic-pain-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#13
Nikita P Rodrigues, Lindsey L Cohen, Kevin M Swartout, Karen Trotochaud, Eileen Murray
Nursing is a rewarding but also challenging profession. Nurses are at risk for burnout and premature exit from the profession, which is detrimental to them, their patients, and the healthcare system. There are few studies examining the unique correlates of burnout in nurses working with pediatric populations. The current 2-study project used mixed-methods (qualitative and then quantitative) analysis to explore burnout in nurses working in an inpatient unit with youth with chronic pain.  Study I participants included all of the 32 nurses who worked in an inpatient pediatric unit, which admits patients with chronic pain...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048249/effect-of-teaching-races-for-understanding-in-youth-sailing-on-performance-knowledge-and-adherence
#14
María Trinidad Morales-Belando, José L Arias-Estero
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to know whether an intervention using an adaptation of the teaching games for understanding approach (named teaching races for understanding [TRfU]) led participants to improve skill execution, decision making, race performance, race involvement, race knowledge, enjoyment, intention to continue practicing sailing, and perceived competence. METHOD: Participants were 67 children from a randomly selected sailing school (Mage = 9...
October 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048106/severe-granulocytic-dysplasia-with-vacuolar-rosettes-in-a-myelodysplastic-syndrome-with-low-copy-kmt2a-gain
#15
Eduardo Rodríguez-Arbolí, Rosario M Morales-Camacho, Concepción Prats-Martín, María Teresa Vargas, María Isabel Montero, Ricardo Bernal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047068/intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-in-young-patients-tumor-biology-clinical-features-and-survival-outcomes
#16
Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Cristina R Ferrone, Andrew L Warshaw, Keith D Lillemoe, Dushyant V Sahani, Ilaria Pergolini, Marc A Attiyeh, Mohammad Al Efishat, Neda Rezaee, Ralph H Hruban, Jin He, Matthew J Weiss, Peter J Allen, Christopher L Wolfgang, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo
AIM: The aim of this paper is to describe the characteristics of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas in young patients. METHODS: We evaluated 1693 patients from the Pancreatic Surgery Consortium who underwent resection for IPMN and classified them as younger or older than 50 years of age at the time of surgery. We assessed the relationship of age with clinical, radiological, pathological, and prognostic features. RESULTS: We identified 90 (5%) young patients...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046421/fluctuating-light-takes-crop-photosynthesis-on-a-rollercoaster-ride
#17
Elias Kaiser, Alejandro Morales, Jeremy Harbinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046119/walking-children-through-a-minefield-how-professionals-experience-exploring-adverse-childhood-experiences
#18
Ane U Albaek, Liv G Kinn, Anne M Milde
Understanding the challenges of professionals in addressing child adversity is key to improving the detection, protection, and care of exposed children. We aimed to synthesize findings from qualitative studies of professionals' lived experience of addressing child adversity. Through a systematic search, we identified eight qualitative studies and synthesized them using metaethnography. We generated three themes, "feeling inadequate," "fear of making it worse," and "facing evil," and one overarching metaphor, "walking children through a minefield...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045757/elevated-co2-increases-photosynthesis-in-fluctuating-irradiance-regardless-of-photosynthetic-induction-state
#19
Elias Kaiser, Dianfan Zhou, Ep Heuvelink, Jeremy Harbinson, Alejandro Morales, Leo F M Marcelis, Robert Sharwood
Leaves are often exposed to fluctuating irradiance, which limits assimilation. Elevated CO2 enhances dynamic photosynthesis (i.e. photosynthesis in fluctuating irradiance) beyond its effects on steady-state photosynthesis rates. Studying the role of CO2 in dynamic photosynthesis is important for understanding plant responses to changing atmospheric CO2 partial pressures. The rise of photosynthesis after a step-wise increase to 1000 μmol m-2 s-1, the loss of photosynthetic induction after irradiance decreases, and rates of photosynthesis during sinusoidal changes in irradiance were studied in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045709/joint-effect-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chilean-adults
#20
Carlos Cristi-Montero, Lewis Steell, Fanny Petermann, Alex Garrido-Méndez, Ximena Díaz-Martínez, Carlos Salas-Bravo, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Fernando Rodriguez, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Maria A Martinez, Ana M Leiva, Felipe Poblete-Valderrama, Naomi D Willis, Carlos A Celis-Morales
Background: To investigate the associations between combined categories of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) with markers of adiposity and cardiovascular risk in adults. Methods: Overall, 5040 participants (mean age 46.4 years and 59.3% women) from the cross-sectional Chilean National Health Survey 2009-2010 were included in this study. MVPA and SB were measured using the Global Physical Activity questionnaire. Four categories were computed using MVPA- and SB-specific cut-offs ('High-SB & Active', 'Low-SB & Active', 'High-SB & Inactive' and 'Low-SB & Inactive')...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
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