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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244784/factors-associated-to-inpatient-mortality-rates-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-cross-sectional-analytical-study-in-three-peruvian-hospitals
#1
Noé Atamari-Anahui, Franklin W Martinez-Ninanqui, Liz Paucar-Tito, Luz Morales-Concha, Alejandra Miranda-Chirau, Marco Antonio Gamarra-Contreras, Carlos Antonio Zea-Nuñez, Christian R Mejia
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mortality has increased in recent years. In Peru, there are few studies on in-hospital mortality due to type 2 diabetes in the provinces. OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated to hospital mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in three hospitals from Cusco-Peru. METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study was performed. All patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 hospitalized in the city of Cusco during the 2016 were included...
December 5, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244775/spatial-temporal-and-dietary-variables-associated-with-elevated-mercury-exposure-in-peruvian-riverine-communities-upstream-and-downstream-of-artisanal-and-small-scale-gold-mining
#2
Lauren Wyatt, Ernesto J Ortiz, Beth Feingold, Axel Berky, Sarah Diringer, Ana Maria Morales, Elvis Rojas Jurado, Heileen Hsu-Kim, William Pan
Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a primary contributor to global mercury and its rapid expansion raises concern for human exposure. Non-occupational exposure risks are presumed to be strongly tied to environmental contamination; however, the relationship between environmental and human mercury exposure, how exposure has changed over time, and risk factors beyond fish consumption are not well understood in ASGM settings. In Peruvian riverine communities (n = 12), where ASGM has increased 4-6 fold over the past decade, we provide a large-scale assessment of the connection between environmental and human mercury exposure by comparing total mercury contents in human hair (2-cm segment, n = 231) to locally caught fish tissue, analyzing temporal exposure in women of child bearing age (WCBA, 15-49 years, n = 46) over one year, and evaluating general mercury exposure risks including fish and non-fish dietary items through household surveys and linear mixed models...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244541/race-and-trends-in-pornography-viewership-1973-2016-examining-the-moderating-roles-of-gender-and-religion
#3
Samuel L Perry, Cyrus Schleifer
While some research has uncovered racial differences in patterns of pornography viewership, no studies to date have considered how these patterns may be changing over time or how these trends may be moderated by other key predictors of pornography viewership-specifically, gender and religion. Using nationally representative data from the 1973-2016 General Social Survey (GSS; N = 20,620), and taking into account different ethnoreligious histories with pornography as a moral issue, we examined how race, gender, and religion intersect to influence trends in pornography viewership over 43 years...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244200/from-hohensch%C3%A3-nhausen-to-guantanamo-bay-psychology-s-role-in-the-secret-services-of-the-gdr-and-the-united-states
#4
Moritz Michels, Martin Wieser
This paper presents a historical analysis of the genesis, context, and function of "Operative Psychology," a little-known branch of applied psychology developed by employees of the Ministry of State Security in the German Democratic Republic. For 25 years, theories and practices of Operative Psychology were taught to elite agents at the Juridical Academy in Potsdam, introducing them to various "silent" psychological techniques of persuasion, interrogation, and repression. After highlighting the economic and political context that increased the need for "silent" techniques of observation and repression, an overview of the topics that were taught and researched at the chair for Operative Psychology is given...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243472/preliminary-ethical-appraisal-of-a-trial-what-s-it-all-about
#5
Helena Siipi
Preliminary ethical appraisal of medical trials is often based on the following four principles: respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. Preliminary ethical appraisal should, however, not be understood solely as application of these four principles to practice. Ethical committees will inevitably interpret the principles and make decisions about their reciprocal importance in connection with each trial. Reasoning does not always proceed from above towards practical recommendations of action, but can instead also be based on a moral rule or practice relating to a certain action...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243271/dynamic-modelling-of-limitations-on-improving-leaf-co2-assimilation-under-fluctuating-irradiance
#6
Alejandro Morales, Elias Kaiser, Xinyou Yin, Jeremy Harbinson, Jaap Molenaar, Steven M Driever, Paul C Struik
A dynamic model of leaf CO2 assimilation was developed as an extension of the canonical steady-state model, by adding the effects of energy-dependent non-photochemical quenching (qE), chloroplast movement, photoinhibition, regulation of enzyme activity in the Calvin cycle, metabolite concentrations, and dynamic CO2 diffusion. The model was calibrated and tested successfully using published measurements of gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence on Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Col-0 and several photosynthetic mutants and transformants affecting the regulation of Rubisco activity (rca-2 and rwt43), NPQ (npq4-1 and npq1-2) and sucrose synthesis (spsa1)...
December 15, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243246/patients-not-patents-drug-research-and-development-as-a-public-enterprise
#7
Peter C Gøtzsche
Our current system for researching, developing, approving, marketing and using drugs is financially and morally unsustainable. I propose an entirely new system where drug research and development will be a public enterprise, with no patents, and defined entirely by the public interest. Drug companies will have a limited role, selling services on a competitive basis to the publicly funded enterprise. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243053/should-biodiversity-and-nature-have-to-earn-their-keep-what-it-really-means-to-bring-environmental-goods-into-the-marketplace
#8
REVIEW
Donald S Maier
Pursuit of economic gain has sponsored much of our planet's despoliation. Yet conservation increasingly operates as an economic sector that markets biodiversity, ecosystems, and nature as natural capital, service provider, or option value. This essay first elucidates what basic moral theory says about the principle that the goodness of biodiversity and nature is largely economic. It explains why economic valuations may be morally unimportant, inapt for environmental goods, and subversive of more important ideals...
December 14, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243015/relational-autonomy-in-the-care-of-the-vulnerable-health-care-professionals-reasoning-in-moral-case-deliberation-mcd
#9
Kaja Heidenreich, Anders Bremer, Lars Johan Materstvedt, Ulf Tidefelt, Mia Svantesson
In Moral Case Deliberation (MCD), healthcare professionals discuss ethically difficult patient situations in their daily practice. There is a lack of knowledge regarding the content of MCD and there is a need to shed light on this ethical reflection in the midst of clinical practice. Thus, the aim of the study was to describe the content of healthcare professionals' moral reasoning during MCD. The design was qualitative and descriptive, and data consisted of 22 audio-recorded inter-professional MCDs, analysed with content analysis...
December 14, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242994/selective-effects-of-different-fatigue-protocols-on-the-function-of-upper-body-muscles-assessed-through-the-force-velocity-relationship
#10
Amador García-Ramos, Alejandro Torrejón, Belén Feriche, Antonio J Morales-Artacho, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Paulino Padial, Slobodan Jaric
PURPOSE: This study explored the feasibility of the force-velocity relationship (F-V) to detect the acute effects of different fatigue protocols on the selective changes of the maximal capacities of upper body muscles to produce force, velocity, and power. METHODS: After determining the bench press one-repetition maximum (1RM), participants' F-V relationships were assessed during the bench press throw exercise on five separate sessions after performing one of the following fatiguing protocols: 60%1RM failure, 60%1RM non-failure, 80%1RM failure, 80%1RM non-failure, and no-fatigue...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242930/optical-coherence-tomography-transecting-an-omega-retinal-venous-loop-en-face-in-a-patient-with-diabetic-retinopathy
#11
Christina Y Weng, Joseph F Morales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242877/unravelling-the-mechanisms-that-determine-the-uptake-and-metabolism-of-magnetic-single-and-multicore-nanoparticles-in-a-xenopus-laevis-model
#12
M Marín-Barba, H Gavilán, L Gutiérrez, E Lozano-Velasco, I Rodríguez-Ramiro, G N Wheeler, C J Morris, M P Morales, A Ruiz
Multicore superparamagnetic nanoparticles have been proposed as ideal tools for some biomedical applications because of their high magnetic moment per particle, high specific surface area and long term colloidal stability. Through controlled aggregation and packing of magnetic cores it is possible to obtain not only single-core but also multicore and hollow spheres with internal voids. In this work, we compare toxicological properties of single and multicore nanoparticles. Both types of particles showed moderate in vitro toxicity (MTT assay) tested in Hep G2 (human hepatocellular carcinoma) and Caco-2 (human colorectal adenocarcinoma) cells...
December 15, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242527/correlates-of-overall-and-central-obesity-in-adults-from-seven-european-countries-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#13
Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Alexander Affleck, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, J Alfredo Martinez, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Eileen R Gibney, Marianne C Walsh, Lorraine Brennan, Mike Gibney, George Moschonis, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Christina Mavrogianni, Yannis Manios, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Julie A Lovegrove, Silvia Kolossa, Hannelore Daniel, Iwona Traczyk, Christian A Drevon, John C Mathers
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of obesity in adults and investigate to what extent these predictors are independent of other major confounding factors. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data collected at baseline from 1441 participants from the Food4Me study conducted in seven European countries were included in this study. A food frequency questionnaire was used to measure dietary intake. Accelerometers were used to assess physical activity levels (PA), whereas participants self-reported their body weight, height and waist circumference via the internet...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242460/edmundo-gonz%C3%A3-lez-santill%C3%A3-n-juan-manuel-gonz%C3%A3-lez-ru%C3%A3-z-amp-luis-a-%C3%A2-escobedo-morales-2017-a-new-species-of-i-megacormus%C3%A2-i-scorpiones-euscorpiidae-from-an-oak-pine-forest-in-guanajuato-m%C3%A3-xico-with-an-identification-key-to-the-species-in-the-genus-i-zootaxa
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242343/monitoring-and-manipulating-higgs-and-goldstone-modes-in-a-supersolid-quantum-gas
#15
Julian Léonard, Andrea Morales, Philip Zupancic, Tobias Donner, Tilman Esslinger
Higgs and Goldstone modes are collective excitations of the amplitude and phase of an order parameter that is related to the breaking of a continuous symmetry. We directly studied these modes in a supersolid quantum gas created by coupling a Bose-Einstein condensate to two optical cavities, whose field amplitudes form the real and imaginary parts of a U(1)-symmetric order parameter. Monitoring the cavity fields in real time allowed us to observe the dynamics of the associated Higgs and Goldstone modes and revealed their amplitude and phase nature...
December 15, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242209/circulating-hypergranular-neoplastic-cells-not-always-leukemic-promyelocytes
#16
Concepción Prats-Martín, Rosario M Morales-Camacho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242146/control-of-oocyte-meiotic-maturation-in-c-elegans
#17
REVIEW
Gabriela Huelgas-Morales
In virtually all sexually reproducing animals, oocytes arrest in meiotic prophase and resume meiosis in a conserved biological process called meiotic maturation. Meiotic arrest enables oocytes, which are amongst the largest cells in an organism, to grow and accumulate the necessary cellular constituents required to support embryonic development. Oocyte arrest can be maintained for a prolonged period, up to 50 years in humans, and defects in the meiotic maturation process interfere with the faithful segregation of meiotic chromosomes, representing the leading cause of human birth defects and female infertility...
December 11, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242018/current-practice-in-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-for-metastatic-peritoneal-disease-spanish-multicentric-survey
#18
Rafael Morales-Soriano, Neus Esteve-Pérez, Juan José Segura-Sampedro, Pedro Cascales-Campos, Pedro Barrios
INTRODUCTION: Radical Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC), has been proposed as the current standard of treatment for metastatic peritoneal disease by several tumors. Despite its widely utilization, there seems to be a great variability in their organization, clinical practice, and safety among centers. AIM OF THE STUDY: To obtain updated information on clinical practice in different perioperative areas of the CRS-HIPEC...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241820/outcomes-of-adjunctive-therapy-with-intrathecal-or-intraventricular-administration-of-colistin-for-post-neurosurgical-meningitis-and-ventriculitis-due-to-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii
#19
Sarunyou Chusri, Ittichai Sakarunchai, Narongdet Kositpantawong, Siripen Panthuwong, Wichai Santimaleeworagun, Sutthiporn Pattharachayakul, Kamonnut Singkhamanan, Yohei Doi
The efficacy and safety of intrathecal or intraventricular (ITH/IVT) colistin in addition to intravenous (IV) colistin for meningitis and ventriculitis due to carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is unclear. In this retrospective observational study of 40 patients with post-neurosurgical meningitis and ventriculitis due to CRAB, 33 patients without concomitant infection received appropriate dosage regimens of IV colistin. Seventeen of the 33 patients received additional ITH/IVT colistin and 16 patients received only IV colistin...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240816/the-sociotype-construct-gauging-the-structure-and-dynamics-of-human-sociality
#20
Pedro C Marijuán, Jesús Montero-Marín, Jorge Navarro, Javier García-Campayo, Raquel Del Moral
Exploring the pertinence of a "sociotype" construct, established along the conceptual chain genotype-phenotype-sociotype, is the essential purpose of the present paper. Further, by following the sociotype's conceptual guidelines, a new psychometric indicator has been developed in order to gauge the level of social interaction around each individual-the sociotype questionnaire (SOCQ). A first version of this questionnaire has been elaborated by gathering data about the different classes of social bonds (family, friends, acquaintances, and work/study colleagues) in general population and about the dynamic update of these bonds via face-to-face conversation and other modes of interaction...
2017: PloS One
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